26/10/2013 Click


26/10/2013

Singapore Special: Click takes a tour around this futuristic city. Plus how to turn any flat surface into a touch controller, and a toilet that converts waste into energy.


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Transcript


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The headlines: European Union leaders have warned that distrust of

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the US over spy and could harm the fight against terrorism. A statement

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issued following the EU summit in Brussels says that a lack of trust

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could prejudice intelligence gathering operations. The US

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acknowledged it had created certificate challenges and

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tensions. JP Morgan has agreed to pay $5.1

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billion for misleading US mortgage giants Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac.

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The bank struck the deal with the US mortgage regulator. JP Morgan is

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still tried to settle with the Justice Department over similar

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claims. Italian coastguard said more than

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700 migrants have been rescued near Sicily in the past 44 hours. It was

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part of the enhanced patrols that year the European Union started up

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to 300 migrants died when their ship sank off the Italian coast earlier

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this month. Now on BBC News, it is time for

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Click. Welcome to Click. Welcome to one of

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the most famous skylines on the planet. This week, we are on a tiny

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island that is having an enormous impact. It may hardly show up on the

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map, but the country punches well up its weight. This is Singapore. We

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will be passing the fake border control and taking a peek at the

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secrets behind your credit cards, all in the name of touch less

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technology. We will journey whitespace, to take `` test a

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project promising to bring Wi`Fi to everyone. And we will check out some

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singularly Singaporean research, including a low`cost way to turn

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your television into a touchscreen, and a lavatory that recycles

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everything, and I mean everything. All that plus the latest news, and a

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way to go sightseeing from the comfort of your own home in

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Webscape. Time for Click to blast off from New

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Broadcasting House in London and had 6000 miles south`east. We are off to

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a citystate that is home to 5.5 million people. It is only 70 miles

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wide and only 85 miles north of the equator, and it wants to put itself

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at the centre of everything. Singapore has always positioned

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itself as a hub, a meeting place for East and West. As far as progress is

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concerned, being physically small does have its advantages. When you

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are not covering a large area, rolling out new technologies such as

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four G can happen very quickly and easily. Connecting up the new

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high`speed, 1 gigabit per second broadband service is certainly made

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easier when 80% of Singaporeans live in high`rise public housing such as

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this. Welcome aboard the Singapore Flyer, the largest observation wheel

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in the world. From the top of the ride, 165 metres up, Singapore does

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look like tiny. The city does not serve much bustle as harm with

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activity, like inefficient machine. It is part of a drive that has

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happened in the last couple of decades, which has created one of

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the highest standards of living in the world, and a population where

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nine out of ten people have a smart phone. They are certainly used to

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having the best, first. We only have so much new technology. Today a lot

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of new products turn up on the same day as the US, or South Korea or

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Japan. It is not just the roads and dated networks which seem to work

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well, its small size and compactness and means that this is the ideal

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place to while out a nationwide network which larger countries have

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so far failed to do. It is a network that lets you do stuff just by

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touching one device to an upper. It is called NFC, near Field

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communication. We have seen this quite a few times on Click, but the

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tech is not quite come in enough for everyone to get on board. `` common.

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Would Singapore be the place where NFC does make it into the

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mainstream? What they have done is grouping a group of players in the

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ecosystem to come together to roll out services. It helps to cut out

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the deployment time and development time. After all, your smart phone is

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something that you keep on your person most of the time, and at this

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NFC showroom, they are demonstrating other applications. Once you are in,

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the same phone can be used to pass on and receive information using

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NFC. Touch it to a poster, and you receive promotional vouchers to use

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while you are shopping. Touch the smart poster, I want a ten kilo bag

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of rice and I wanted delivered to the house, that is something you can

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choose to do as a convenience. But sometimes your smart phone alone is

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not enough. Which is why some passports are already fitted with

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NFC chips. Couple this with fingerprint scanning to check that

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the handholding the passport matches the hand stored within it, and this

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is how we could be passing through airports the future. NFC is ready a

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way of life in Singapore. You may not have considered how these cards

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are made, but since hundreds of millions of them are made Singapore

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every year, it would be rude not to take a look. It is tempting to think

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of your credit card as a simple piece of plastic, but there are

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quite a few components that are tightly pressed together. The

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process happens in what is a pretty confidential procedure. This place

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is so secretive that visitors are asked not to touch anything and to

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not to come in with bags, mobile phones, data devices or cameras. Of

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course, it is confidential for a reason. You do not want any one

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comprising any stage of the production process, whether it is

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the embedding of the chip, the choosing of the colour or even the

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transparency of the plastic. One of the layers inside this card is a

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thin, copper spiral. This is the antenna, and when you connect it to

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the chip in the card, it gives it its NFC properties. Of course, it

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goes without saying, that you can pay for your taxi ride using your

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NFC enabled smart phone as well. But getting NFC to work in Singapore or

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anywhere is not just about getting the infrastructure right, it is

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about persuading people that it will make their lives easier. Talking of

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an easy life, LJ Rich has found somewhere a little bit more relaxing

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than this, to check out another type of future network, something called

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whitespace. I am somewhere very relaxing. This

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is guidance by the bay. I am here for a reason. That is all about

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being connect dead in a public place. `` connected. This guidance

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did not exist six years ago. They were built on we claimed land. ``

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origins. A tranquil break from the frantic financial hub a few miles

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away. Futuristic structures known as super trees quietly harness solar

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power, so they can light themselves up at night. But there is something

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amiss in paradise. Tourists wishing to tweet about their adventures are

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out of luck, unless they have brought their own mobile data

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connection, because as any traveller knows, there is rarely free internet

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access went straight in from a home network. But this went to live just

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a few weeks ago as a trial area for Singapore's super Wi`Fi whitespace

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programme, the idea is to eventually roll out free public Wi`Fi across

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the city. We have seen whitespace before on Click. It is the name for

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a wireless network made available when old frequencies are repurposed

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to carry data. With so many people online, traditional wireless

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networks are getting congested. You are talking about just coverage,

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that is in the order of 400 base stations which will be able to cover

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the whole Singapore Island. If you need a certain capacity in certain

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areas, you probably have to plan more base stations. Those whitespace

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antennas pick up the raw internet signal, then it is converted to a

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frequency that our smartphones will be able to use. You have to register

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before you can use the service, but the countrywide roll`out is

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scheduled for completion in two years, hopefully someone will have

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sorted out our smartphones that Reliance by them.

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`` battery life. LJ is back in a minute. We are

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coming back to Singapore. Facebook has rued a videotape of a

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woman being decapitated from the social media network, and issued in

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your rules on what can be shared on the site. The U`turn came after the

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BBC revealed that Facebook dropped a ban on extremely violent videos and

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images. Facebook says it will allow some graphic content, but will take

:10:54.:10:57.

a closer look at this context. Google says it wants to protect news

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organisations and human rights groups from cyber attacks, with its

:11:02.:11:06.

new Project Shield. The software aims to protect sites wriggly

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subject to politically motivated distributed denial of service, or

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DDOS attacks. It also revealed a proxy feature designed to bypass

:11:17.:11:23.

government surveillance software. Apple has unveiled the next

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generation iPad, the fifth`generation Air is a third

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lighter and 20% thinner than the previous version. The iPad mini now

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has what Apple calls a retina display, offering higher resolution

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than its predecessor. A raft of upgraded laptops are predictably

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thinner and faster, and there is another update to the Mac operating

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system, Mavericks is now available at no charge. Microsoft has released

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two new surface tablets with updates to its Windows OS, and Nokia has

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revealed three new mobile devices, including its first tablet, dealer

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meow 2520. After Microsoft decided to buy the finished out of it, it is

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no surprise in they also run the Windows operating system. You can

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decide what you want in all out of focus, after the shot has been

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taken. As you know, there are more millionaires per head in Singapore

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than any other country on earth. That is the financial district of

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the country. But it is not all about making money. There is a flourishing

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academic scene as well. This is Nanyang technological

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University, and it is full of laboratories. Inside its impressive

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architecture, there is some equally impressive thinking going on. How do

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you find the research that is really going to change lives? This is the

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place that developed a real invisibility cloak, which may be a

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bit of a niche, but some trends, specifically take that can change

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how we behave, are quite easy to spot. What do you have first? We

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have sitting in traffic. It is part of driving in this densely packed

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island. So the strappy prediction project takes GPS data from large

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taxi companies and use it to predict where things get bunged up. As

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traffic gets heavier, this conventional data analysis starts to

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fall apart. Cars driving closely together start to behave more like a

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liquid, the roads are like pipes, so the programme switches to a physics

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`based model, using fluid dynamics. If you look at the top, it is coming

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up to rush`hour, and predictably we have got lots of red bits. They mean

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that traffic is moving between ten and 30 km/h, that is, quite slowly.

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At the bottom, the prediction and run, and it is showing how accurate

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the prediction data is. Lots of blooming is pretty good. Like the

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weather, the further into the future you predict, the less accurate the

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result. For a big city, you will need a lot more sensors, and you

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probably have to break the city down into small areas. Efficiency is

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important, especially in a place like Singapore. As well as traffic

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issues, this place's compact nature has brought other environmental

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issues to the fall. It is to save energy, reduce waste and save water,

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most of which is currently imported from Malaysia. One team has a grand

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plan to make our towns more sustainable, by creating localised

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waste treatment centres, which take all forms of waste from nearby

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housing, and converted into energy. And that is why I find myself

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staring down the toilet. Researchers have found that pretty

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much everything that goes down he can be turned into something useful.

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The process works best if you can keep solid and liquid separate,

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hence, this is being done in not exclude. It is divided into

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sections, to keep one away from, well, two. It is combined with food

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waste to make biogas, which can be used for cooking. This is used to

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grow microalgae, that is the green stuff, which produces bio diesel.

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So, only one question remains. How would we take to wait to let that

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requires, shall we say, a little more discipline? Well, the first one

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has been installed in the university itself. So, it is time for me to try

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it out. Just, am, give me a few minutes, would you?

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While Spencer is otherwise occupied, here is something that could convert

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any surface into a touchscreen. Tapping on a board, in this case

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made of wood or aluminium, sends a signal to this attached town sensor.

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Placing more than one sensor on a flat object, makes it possible to

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work out where it has been tapped, it was the sound take slightly

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longer to reach the centre further away. That is the thinking behind a

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low`cost touch surface. Fast forward two years from the boards, and you

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have a working prototype. Instead of 1 cent, have 12. It is fired along

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the top, find along the bottom, and one along the top. 12 sensors

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mounted around the glass, make foray sensitive touchscreen. There are a

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couple of real issues. First, in order for this to work, you have to

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make an audible noise. Secondly, if you want to do swiping, you are

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going to need some of these. Together with the cameras on the

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top, this kind of works. I know there are many other products that

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let you use touch and gesture to communicate with them, but this one

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has the advantage of being very affordable. Now, the thing about

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this system is not that it can do all of these things, but it can do

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them at incredibly low cost. For example, this 12 sensors here, plus

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the camera, plus the glass, currently is coming in at around 100

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Singapore dollars, that is around 75 US dollars, or ?50. Real`life

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applications could include making a cheap, interactive whiteboard for

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schools. It will take another 18 months before this contraption is

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streamlined enough to hit the mainstream. Now, Spencer is back

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with a panda. These days we are sending more and more data around

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our homes, whether it is syncing files between machines, or streaming

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visitors like kung fu and. It is or is easier to do that wirelessly, but

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wireless is prone to break up and interference. That is why this team

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have developed something called next`generation wireless. This is

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being sent over a system that has between two and six gigabits. That

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is enough to stream a high`definition video. This has the

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technology up to a range of eight metres at the moment, so the

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transmitter sending this video feed is down there at the end of the

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hall. Another restriction is that this system is line of sight. It is

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extremely directional, meaning you have to point the transmitter at the

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receiver for it to work. If anything thicker than a piece of paper breaks

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the beam, the signal is lost and the panda freezes, as you can see. The

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team are hoping to get around that problem by helping the signal to get

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around the problem, by bouncing it for wall on for example. In the

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future, they hope to get the range of high enough so that you can send

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data on building to building, creating a kind of mesh network over

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part of the city. They think that version of the technology might be

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ready within the next year. Well in time for Kung Fu Panda three. Let's

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find out what Kate Russell has in store for us this week.

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Being an environmentally concerned member of the Click team, I am quite

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happy not to be piling on the air miles, jetting off to shows and

:20:17.:20:19.

exhibitions cross the world, especially when I can enjoy all the

:20:20.:20:25.

sites in full 360 degrees glory with the new out from 360 cities. This

:20:26.:20:37.

amazing app turns your mobile device into a 360 degrees window into the

:20:38.:20:43.

world, using the gyroscope to let you spin your viewpoint around for

:20:44.:20:47.

some of the most stunning landscapes on the planet. Who needs a trip to

:20:48.:20:56.

Singapore anyway? It is not free, but just ?1 50 seems pretty good

:20:57.:20:58.

value for such a powerful image tool. There are thousands of

:20:59.:21:04.

visitors to explore, browsing by popular, recent or local images

:21:05.:21:09.

posted by other users. You can also make your own, with a simple point

:21:10.:21:19.

and turn function. If you are the kind of person that

:21:20.:21:23.

wakes up in the morning and reaches for your smart phone to check what

:21:24.:21:26.

is happening in the world, you are going to love this kind of 360,

:21:27.:21:34.

News360.com. Connect it to all of your main accounts, and it analyses

:21:35.:21:38.

what you like so it can feed the latest stories straight to your

:21:39.:21:47.

timeline. Social networks are grey way of news on topics that interest

:21:48.:21:51.

you and your friends, but you don't always want to get drawn into the

:21:52.:21:57.

general chitchat. This is a perfect solution, as you only see links to

:21:58.:22:05.

publish articles in subjects that you have expressed an interest in.

:22:06.:22:08.

You can fine tune the categories that appear in your feed, and over

:22:09.:22:12.

time, the get more about what interests you buy clicking like at

:22:13.:22:17.

appropriate moments. You can also download the chrome plug`in, or free

:22:18.:22:25.

apps for Android, Apple or Windows seven or eight. TEDed My name is.

:22:26.:22:44.

This allows you to turn any video into a complete lessons, with

:22:45.:22:50.

resources links and discussion topics to engage students in the

:22:51.:23:03.

lessons in held by the videos. TED has been around for several years,

:23:04.:23:10.

bringing together people who are leaders in their fields. It has

:23:11.:23:13.

become synonymous with world changing ideas. This education

:23:14.:23:17.

initiative sits perfectly inside that idea. Anyone can visit the site

:23:18.:23:24.

and enjoy lessons already posted by the community, either by subject, or

:23:25.:23:32.

just delving into the users. You are never too old to learn something

:23:33.:23:35.

new, and this is a totally inspiring place to start. What if someone

:23:36.:23:45.

thinks I'm awful, or an idiot. This is the fight or flight response.

:23:46.:23:52.

Blackberry has been struggling for some time now, last month laying off

:23:53.:24:01.

4.5 thousand staff. Despite these trying times, there are still a lot

:24:02.:24:05.

of fans of the chat client, BBM, which at its height claimed over

:24:06.:24:15.

75,000 active users. That has shrunk since enthusiasm has waned, but

:24:16.:24:20.

there could be a revival, at least for the Instant Messenger. There is

:24:21.:24:25.

a lot to love in this act, including live status updates, group

:24:26.:24:29.

messaging, and privacy options that means you don't have to share your

:24:30.:24:31.

personal details with everyone you connect to. What is not to love, is

:24:32.:24:36.

that you will have to put your name down in a queue to have your account

:24:37.:24:40.

activated, as more than a million people are reportedly waiting to

:24:41.:24:45.

start chatting cross`platform on BBM.

:24:46.:24:53.

If you missed any of those links, you will find them all at our

:24:54.:24:58.

website. If you would like to contribute to a future web scape,

:24:59.:25:10.

get in touch. That is it for this Singapore special, I hope you

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enjoyed it. See you next time. We wouldn't normally start our look

:25:14.:25:35.

at the weather by jumping 48 hours ahead, but then the prospects for

:25:36.:25:40.

late Sunday morning into Monday are quite far from normal for the

:25:41.:25:42.

British arms. The Met

:25:43.:25:44.

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