24/05/2014 Click


24/05/2014

Does making a gun 'smart' make it safer? Click tests a new gun tech. Plus a visit to a bioprinting lab in Holland and a university teaching trainee nurses empathy using tablets.


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following a regatta in Antiqua. At two o'clock, a full bulletin. But

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now it is time to Click. Time to meet the gun but asks

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questions first and shoots later. This week on Click, we will find out

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why there is so much controversy over this, the smart gun that only

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lets its own fire it. Imagine being able to print your own

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body parts? We meet the closest to 3D printing people.

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Can this teach us better bedside manner?

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And some healthy options that we can all make use of.

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Welcome to Click. Many of the products that we use every day

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acquire the time smart thanks to the addition of new technology from

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smart fabrics that reacts to the environment to smartphones that our

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pocket computers. But adding the word smart to firearms is bound to

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cause controversy. We have travelled to Germany to discover the smart

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gun. The iP1 is a tutu calibre handgun,

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which differs in a major way from other firearms. This is a

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21st`century handgun. It contains 21st century technology. Inside it

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is a Radio`frequency identification chip. That communicates with this

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watch. The watch is more than 40 centimetres away from the gun, begun

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simply will not fire. This has been designed by German company Armatix

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as a safety feature. First of all, only the owner is able to use the

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gun. If the gun is lost or stolen, nobody else can use the gun. Or in

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case of the policemen getting involved in a fistfight and takes

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away your gun, this particular bad guy can aim at the policemen, but

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will not be able to shoot at the policemen. The watch is activated

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with a code and can be programmed to limit the duration of the time it

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allows the gun to fire. A colour`coded LED on the back of the

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gun displays its condition. The blue light shows that the magazine is

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still missing. With a red light, the watch is requested. Once the watch

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is inside the range, it switches to green mode. I can shoot the gun. I

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am invited to try out a separate add`on that can be plugged into the

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iP1. It will only allow the gun to fire if it is pointed in a

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particular direction. The target is marked by infrared. Technology which

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has been designed to make this particular firearms safer. In the

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United States, one of the largest markets for guns in the world, it is

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this very technology that has proved controversial. When news of its

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introduction spread, and online backlash followed. Gun stores

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suspect it of selling the pistol received e`mail threats. Gun stores

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insisted they would not be stocking the iP1. US gun safety advocates

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have a different attitude. You hear almost every single day in the

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United States about a child being accidentally shot by a playmate or

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find a gun under a pillow or night stand. Or they commit suicide, young

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people will know where guns are. A lot of deaths occur because guns do

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not have safety features and are not locked away properly by gun owners.

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If you had smart guns, this would prevent a lot of these deaths.

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Ironically, it could be a law introduced as a gun`control

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measure, which is stalling sales of this kind of technology. The state

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of New Jersey passed a law which requires that want a smart gun goes

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on sale anywhere in the US, all guns assaulted New Jersey must be smart

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guns within three years. This has some members of the pro`gun lobby

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concerned about the possibility of future electronic restrictions. We

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approached the National Shooting Sports Foundation in America for

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comment on the technology. They declined their request, but sent us

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this statement. We also approached the National

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Rifle Association. We are still awaiting a response. I think

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Americans recognise the commonsense in making a product as little as a

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gun smarter or safer. It is about safety, it is about public health

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and consumer safety. I believe guns should be regulated by the consumer

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products safety commission. Why should they be excluded? A state

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senator who sponsored the New Jersey smartphone war has offered to repeal

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it if the pro`gun lobby changes its stance on the technology. For now, a

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stand`off remains. Meanwhile, Armatix has a variety of firearms

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safety products in the offering, including locks and cabinets. Using

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fingerprint technology, owners can unlock their gun in under a second

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when they needed. In the United States, a company called Sentinel

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has a biometric scanning Loch in the works. So the technology is on its

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way. But its path to adoption in America still seems a long way from

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hitting the target. Your thoughts on this would be very

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welcome. I am sure there will be many of them coming our way.

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Next up, and look at this week's tech news.

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EBay is making its users change their passwords after hackers

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compromised one of its data bases. The company said in a financial data

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has been revealed. However, information including names are

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encrypted passwords, dates of birth and physical addresses have been

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accessed. The attack managed to get into a spear`phishing attack

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directed at some employees. China's government says it will not

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be using Windows eight on its new computers. It claims the decision

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was based on Microsoft no longer offering support for the older

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Windows XP operating system. It is unlikely they will be first to buy

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the newly unveiled Surface Pro three in that case. Microsoft hopes the

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latest tablet will compete with laptops rather than tablets when it

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is launched. There has been more friction between

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the US and China after the Americans accused five Chinese army officers

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of economic cyber`espionage. America says the offices stalled trade

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secrets and internal documents from companies and a labour union. They

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are the first criminal hacking charges the US as final against

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specific foreign officials. China has issued a statement denying the

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charges. And Google has warned users of its

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glass specs not use them for long periods of time. They could cause

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eye pain. The technology was not designed for moving icons or reading

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War and peace. Because of the position of the screen, users can

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spend a lot of time looking upwards. A movement that most of us are not

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used to. We have talked a lot on Click about

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3D printing. Everything from food to guns. But what if one day you could

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print yourself a replacement on? We have been to Holland where one

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University Hospital has been experimenting in the field of 3D

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bioprinting. Stem cells are one of our body's a

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sick building blocks. They have the potential to transform into any

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other type of cell the body is built from. That is everything from

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individual blood cells to the complex cell structures that make up

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entire organs. Here at the University medical Centre Utrecht

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they are experimenting using stem cells in 3`D by a printing. `` in

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the 3D bioprinting. A one`day hope to print replacement body parts.

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This printer works the same way as the ones we have seen in

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manufacturing. It deposits biological material later by Lehrer.

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There are some significant differences. When you look at

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materials like plastic, there are high temperatures involved. We have

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to extract that count of the process. We have to redesign the

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whole process. We use something that is like the human body. Based on

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water. We use it at a temperature close to body temperature. By

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printing using a special bio`ink. The cells are taken from patient

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biopsies or stem cells. A layer of gel is placed between each layer of

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bio`ink. We combine strong materials, degradable plastics that

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have been approved for medical use and we integrate that in our ranking

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process. You get reinforced. One of the challenges is creating a

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vascular systems to supply blood to tissue. The focus is on creating

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tissue like structures to test toxicity of drugs or medical

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advancements. In the future, 3D bioprinting skin and replacements

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for damaged or disease body parts may become reality. But for now,

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traditional methods continue. This was also the first hospital in the

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world to implant a 3`D printed skull. This operation happened

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earlier this year. The patient is recovering well. Another innovation

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from the University of Wollongong in Australia is this BioPen which

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allows surgeons to implant cells directly onto a patient's injury. An

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experimental tissue lab is opening and the University will offer the

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world's first joint degree programme in by a fabrication. It will teach

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technical skills and ethical issues. You need to bring in good evidence

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and things like integrity. This is a field that everybody likes. But we

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need to be terrible. We are going great steps. We actually have the

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printer right here. Back in 2011, many people were impressed when a

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doctor showed off the first bioprinted kidney. You can actually

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see the kidney as it was printed earlier today. But despite the

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showcase, this prototype cannot be implanted. That is what the

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researchers are focused on. Something that surgeons can actually

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use. That being said, we have got three

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space back in the office. Until you can print yourself a better body, it

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is best to keep the one you have got in top condition. These days there

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are plenty of wearable bits and bobs that monitor your statistics. But

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one bit that comes to our attention once to fill you breathe. Why? To

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measure your metabolic rate, of course. Tell the accompanying

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application your age and weight, something I am sure the company will

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not broadcast, you are ready to go. You breathe through the mouthpiece

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for about a minute. This will send data to your smartphone or tablet.

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You can see the results on the application. The only thing you have

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to make sure of is that no air escapes from your nose. The pinnacle

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of my broadcasting career starts now. By measuring how much oxygen

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has been turned into carbon dioxide in your breath, it can work out how

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fast or slow your metabolism is, which is crucial if you want to

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watch your weight because it tells you how many calories you personally

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should consume each day. To get an accurate result, you also must take

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a resting measurement, Chye was more than happy to provide. You also get

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to find out what types of food your body is burning energy from, whether

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it is carbohydrates, fat, or both. Is this the perfect way to lose

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weight? Launching this summer at a price of ?200, I wouldn't hold your

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breath. One thing technology is often criticised for his lack of

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emotional intelligence. It misses the human touch. That is very

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important when it comes to healthcare. At one British

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university, augmented reality is being used to add emotion. It is

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teaching training nurses to be more apathetic. Have you got any pain at

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the moment? In a profession like nursing, care and compassion are

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key. The training here at Sheffield is split between working on a real

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ward and working with this chap. He can blink and it looks like he is

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breathing, plus, it seems that he can give blood. This is still a

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dummy. If I wanted to actually engage with him, that would feel

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quite unnatural and that is where the AR comes in. The 3`D image

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recognition translates the dummy into a real person. When you can see

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that distress, the whole situation certainly feels a lot more real.

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That is what the students here are finding. This app consists of

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burying setups which have been recorded by actors to put a

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person's face and an image of distress in their mind. It has been

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bad all`night. If you could just sit me up, I would probably be a bit

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better... The manikin can be controlled with a computer. Live

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actors could be used, but the lecturers here believe that the

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recorded performances are allowed for a more cost`effective and

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consistent way of learning. The students interact quicker and more

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often with the manikin. That lets us look at the students and see how

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they talk, how they care, and how they provide compassion to the

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manikin is. Even with 12 to 14 chefs, `` shifts, it is important

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the right level of care and compassion is maintained. Nursing is

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challenging and when you are caring for a patient, it is not just about

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talking to somebody. It is about thinking about the technical skill

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that you are doing as well. The students who have learnt this way

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felt it made the scenarios feel more realistic. It is about engaging

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straightaway. Once you are actually listening to the patient, you can

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look at the expressions on their face, the tone in their voice, so it

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enables you to empathise straightaway as opposed to a

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when he almost feel silly. There could be other uses for this system

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as well. Reports this month suggest some healthcare workers could be

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missing vital clues in spotting asthma attacks. We can use augmented

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reality to simulate what somebody actually looks like with asthma,

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because it is all right as a lecturer saying, the patient is

:18:16.:18:18.

breathing quickly, but what does that look like? A need to be able to

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see it. It seems the possibilities for the mannequins are huge. Just,

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be gentle. Continuing with our health theme

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this week, Kate Russell has been doing the rounds and has come up

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with some apps which could be good for all of us. Eating well is an

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important part of staying healthy and food and in is a new app which

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brings you nutritional information and links it back to a shopping

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list. Link up with your Microsoft account and you can link the data

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with multiple devices and friends and family, taking distress out. You

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can build collections for later. These pages are picture rich, which

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makes them mouthwatering A`League irresistible, but slow to load if

:19:35.:19:46.

you are not on Wi`Fi. Gaming gets more social all the time, and a

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number of dedicated platforms exist to help you connect with like`minded

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enthusiasts. Play for hours among the best known where you can set up

:19:56.:20:00.

a profile to track your statistics and meet other gamers to play with.

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If you haven't signed up for a network yet, new kid on the block is

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very promising. Player.me Wants to be your social gaming hub of the

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net. You can link all your pages and other fans can get in touch and

:20:32.:20:36.

monitor your progress, chat, and get in touch. It automatically streams

:20:37.:20:41.

all your updates from Twitter, Facebook and YouTube. Not just the

:20:42.:20:47.

once posted to the platform. It is in invite only beta right now, but

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you can go to BBC.Click. One of the great things about all social media

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is that it wrecks down geographical boundaries and connects you with

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people all over the world. But how far a field to your Twitter

:21:14.:21:18.

connections stretch? This helps you find out with a simple mapping

:21:19.:21:23.

tools. It is absolutely fascinating seeing your map plot out. As this is

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a global show, we have mentioned is coming in from all over the world.

:21:31.:21:34.

My personal account was a little less exotic but I have a lot of

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global connections through my gaming as well, though it was still a

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fascinating experience. Once the animation is complete, you can click

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on the markers to see who and what was tweeted. To finish on a healthy

:21:48.:21:56.

theme, a mental health awareness app has been launched. It contains

:21:57.:22:02.

videos of the veterans telling their own stories. As I came off the back

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of the helicopter, the helicopter took off and my detonators exploded

:22:11.:22:14.

on the. As well as being a great resource for veterans, it can help

:22:15.:22:17.

their friends and families recognise and offer help for any conditions

:22:18.:22:28.

they may be experiencing. If you would like to suggest a site

:22:29.:22:38.

or app, e`mail us or tweet us. Before we go, I have found something

:22:39.:22:41.

that has been making waves online this week from the middle of the

:22:42.:22:48.

Pacific. This mesmerising website follows the migration tracks of

:22:49.:22:51.

different species of whales around the coast of Hawaii. The data comes

:22:52.:23:02.

from a larger research project from someone who has been studying marine

:23:03.:23:06.

mammal behaviour since the 1980s. We spend 30 to 60 days on the water

:23:07.:23:11.

every year, and doing a particular field projects, we might tag three

:23:12.:23:18.

or four individual whales. What the tax to is give us the information on

:23:19.:23:21.

whether Wales go when we are not with them. A lot of what they are

:23:22.:23:29.

doing is driven by what is going on in the environment in terms of ocean

:23:30.:23:33.

current, so integrating the current data that matches up with the whale

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movement data is going to be very useful. Part of what we are trying

:23:39.:23:46.

to do is educate people but also inspire people. To get them

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interested in the animals in the first leg. If the webpage does that,

:23:51.:24:03.

it is a good step. That really is it from us. If you

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would like more, you can go to our website. Thanks for watching, we

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will see you next time. Is a bank holiday dawns on a fairly

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unsettled note with some scattered and heavy showers on the cards.

:24:36.:24:41.

There with the weather, it will improve as we head through the

:24:42.:24:44.

second half of bank holiday weekend for most places. There will be some

:24:45.:24:47.

heavy showers around, but

:24:48.:24:49.

A comprehensive guide to all the latest gadgets, websites, games and computer industry news. Does making a gun 'smart' make it safer? Click tests a new gun tech. Plus a visit to a bioprinting lab in Holland and a university teaching trainee nurses empathy using tablets.


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