31/05/2014 Click


31/05/2014

A comprehensive guide to all the latest gadgets, websites, games and computer industry news. This special edition focuses on Israel's high-tech scene.


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Transcript


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# Hey mambo, mambo italiano... #

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Welcome to Click. I'm Spencer Kelly.

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Apologies for the dancing.

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I promise all will be explained later.

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You see, this week, we're in Israel.

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It is a really hi-tech place.

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Although admittedly, it's not really the home of the mambo.

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This week, we'll get hands-on with some kit and we'll meet the people

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who make Israel's technology among the best in the world.

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From medicine to security,

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from education to transportation.

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And, yes, there will be a flying robot ambulance.

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And we also have the very best of the web, in Webscape.

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Israel's come a long way since the oranges.

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Its main export used to be shipped around the world

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from the port of the ancient city of Jaffa.

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But since then, it's seen many innovations, including -

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would you believe? - the very first USB memory stick.

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Jerusalem-based Mobileye makes the technology inside

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some of the self-driving cars that we've already seen on Click.

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Right now, take my hands off the wheel. OK. Right now.

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Right...now.

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'Well, I had to give it a go myself, didn't I?

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'Mobileye is now working on a system which will use

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'just one camera and will be able to identify and respond

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'to road signs and traffic lights,

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'as well as other traffic and pedestrians.

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'This is the first time that we've seen an autonomous car

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'which can handle itself at a junction.'

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Israel is packed with start-ups and incubators.

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In fact, it calls itself the start-up nation.

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It has a higher concentration of research and development centres

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and start-ups per capita than any other place on Earth.

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It has more start-ups on the NASDAQ stock exchange

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than Europe and India combined.

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One of the reasons it is so hi-tech is the fact that all Israelis

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have to do military service,

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and plenty of innovation comes from the military.

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Once the sole possession of special forces,

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nowadays, it's all within our reach.

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One company that takes military tech

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and translates it into commercial applications is Opgal.

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It's just launched Therm-App.

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This is a thermal-imaging device and it's the first one in the world

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that turns an android smartphone into a thermal-imaging camera.

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Hi, there. It's useful for anyone who wants to see in the dark

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or, more interestingly, anyone who needs to know about

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the temperature of their surroundings.

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Look at my handprint on the wall. Guilty as charged.

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So, for example, a faulty electrical circuit

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would appear too warm,

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a leak in your ceiling would appear an unusual temperature,

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and you could even use this to diagnose inflammation

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or even tumours, because they appear warmer than normal.

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Now onto something else with military connections.

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A few years ago, we came to Israel to see a flying car.

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Yes, a flying car.

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Jen Copestake has been to see the latest innovation

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from Tactical Robotics.

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Moving casualties from remote battlefields

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is an extremely dangerous job for a helicopter pilot.

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The landing takes skill and the mission can come under enemy fire.

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Tactical Robotics hopes to make the job easier with this, the AirMule,

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a prototype ambulance drone.

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On our visit, these drones are firmly on the ground,

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but the AirMule has flown over 350 test flights.

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Over the last 12 years of development, millions of dollars

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have been invested into getting the AirMule off the ground.

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The project is being partially funded by Israel's Ministry of Defence.

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What makes this one-tonne vehicle unique is its internal rotors,

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two rotors taking the place of a helicopter's large external one.

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It's controlled by 200 directional air flaps.

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Its top air speed is around 120 knots, which is about 140mph,

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and it can reach an altitude of 12,000ft.

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The first mission of the AirMule is to pick up injured personnel

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from the battlefield.

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One cargo bay can fit somebody who's 2m 10 and weighs up to 250kg.

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But it still looks a bit of a tight squeeze.

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Using both bays, the AirMule can also be used for cargo transportation.

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500 kilos can be carried to bring supplies to remote combat zones.

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The Department of Homeland Security in America is looking at the AirMule

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as a way to help secure an urban metropolitan area after a dirty bomb.

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It could negotiate narrow or blocked streets

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and carry a decontaminating material.

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Imagine this aircraft with two robotic arms,

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piloted by a remote pilot through cameras

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and actually getting into the door of a Fukushima

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or a Chernobyl kind of scenario, where nobody would like to go in.

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And not just taking pictures of what's happening,

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but actually bringing hundreds of litres of water,

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or fixing a leak, or doing some work for hours.

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A second prototype is being built and will be flown later this year.

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If necessary funding is secured,

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the AirMule could be in the skies in five years.

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Jen Copestake. And how cool was that flying ambulance? My word!

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Now to something much smaller, but just as important.

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The major cause of cancer death amongst women

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in low-income countries is cervical cancer.

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The thing is, if it's caught early enough, it is easy to detect

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and it costs very little to treat. But, of course, the medical kit

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and the expertise is not that easy to come by.

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Well, perhaps until now.

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Meet MobileOCT. The OCT stands for

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Optical Coherence Tomography,

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and this is a 400 hand-held device being developed here in Tel Aviv.

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It analyses potential tumours.

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The important thing to notice is the part which takes the pictures

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of the skin is just a normal smartphone.

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Add a big lens, a handle and a couple of lights

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and you've got something that images suspect areas,

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plus the blood supply to that area,

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something that's detected by adding the green light.

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Cervical cancer is the number one cause of cancer death for women

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of low resource settings, but it's the easiest cancer to treat

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if you catch it in the first five years. Community health workers

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can pick it up and start imaging right away.

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Because the device is built on a phone, you send the images

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up and down to the cloud, which enables them to receive

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peer mentorship from their peers, as well as expert mentorship

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from gynaecologists and oncologists worldwide.

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So that no matter where you are, no matter what your training,

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you can screen for cancer.

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Now, the case is 3-D printed.

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That means you don't have to ship them in.

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You just print one wherever you need it.

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Our mission is to enable anyone who has access to a mobile phone

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the ability to save their lives and the lives of the people they love.

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The best way to do that is to make the hardware open source.

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So, until now, we've printed everything using 3D printers

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and what we want to do is to enable any person

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anywhere in the world to be able to create their own devices

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and, in doing so, screen those people they'd like to save the lives of.

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OK. We'll return to Israel in a couple of minutes.

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First, a look at the big stories

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that have been hitting the tech wires this week.

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Google's joining the auto-auto market, showing off a prototype

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without a steering wheel, gear stick or pedals.

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Controlled via the smartphone

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and a single stop-go button,

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the electric car uses

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a combination of cameras,

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laser and radar sensors to navigate

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and it will initially be limited to a top speed of 25mph

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to help ensure safety.

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The first batch of 200

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should hit the Tarmac within the year.

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A prolific hacker who faced

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more than 26 years in prison

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has been handed a year's supervision sentence after swapping sides

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and helping the FBI catch some of those he once teamed up with.

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Hector Xavier Monsegur,

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known by his online pseudonym "Sabu",

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was one of the core members

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of hacking group LulzSec.

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The group launched a spate of high-profile online attacks in 2011.

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Korean tech giant LG

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has entered the smartwatch fray.

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Its G Watch runs a version of Google's android operating system,

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with some of the functionality of a smartphone.

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Its touch-screen will be able to deliver things like weather forecast,

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text or e-mail alerts.

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LG's also announced its flagship G3 smartphone,

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boasting some of the best specs on the market,

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including a quad-core processor,

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3GB of RAM and a 5.5-inch high-res screen.

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Valve's own version of the Steam Machine has been delayed

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until 2015. The living room PC in a box concept

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will eventually see Valve partnering with a host of PC manufacturers

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to roll out gaming-focused computers.

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The unusual touch-sensitive controller is causing the problems,

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although it's not clear whether other outfits will also be delayed

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with their versions of the long-awaited Steam Machine platform.

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Did you know that you can be identified

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simply from the way you walk?

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It's one aspect of something called biometrics,

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which are the things about you which are unique to you.

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Fingerprints, iris patterns and so on.

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And it turns out that Israel is making great strides in biometrics,

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if you pardon the pun.

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David Reid has been finding out why here, YOU could be the key.

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Around five years ago, something big happened.

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For the first time in history, the number of us living in cities

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exceeded those who don't.

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3.5 billion of us are squeezing through the same doors.

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Our security systems have to cope with letting people in,

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keeping intruders out, while avoiding bottlenecks.

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One way is biometrics.

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Shalom.

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FS21, in Tel Aviv, has developed this digital doorman.

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It matches up faces with body sizes,

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greeting those it recognises with a polite "shalom",

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but locking out those it doesn't know.

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Actually, the identification of the system is on the visual side,

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not taking only the faces, but taking the whole body.

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As the body is part of the human, we're actually looking at the body

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and looking at the body size.

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"Is it the same body size that the same face had yesterday?"

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And that's what the system does, trying to imitate

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the way the human guard would identify people.

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This is great if you have the cooperation and biometrics

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of those you want to ID.

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Gathering them among the wider public can be difficult.

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The problem with biometrics is that

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it can feel really intrusive.

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Giving over your fingerprints and having your iris scanned,

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you can end up feeling like a criminal

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and no-one wants to feel like that.

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It's why a number of companies here in Tel Aviv are developing systems

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based on something as unique as your biometrics -

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the way we behave.

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You are unique. The way you walk,

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the way you talk, the way you do this.

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And for that matter, the way you dance.

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To go from dance games to security systems

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might not be as daft as it seems.

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Extreme Reality's dance game tracks if your moves match the dance.

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Programme into the system the unique way someone, a suspect, say,

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walks, you can find a match.

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Taking the real-world scenario,

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like you want to find a suspect

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after some event has happened - there was a terrorist event,

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you know where the suspect is -

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we will be able to run multiple videos simultaneously

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and provide you with a number of suspects that are similar

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to this terrorist that you have found in one of the videos.

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The way we behave in the online world is also unique.

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BioCatch picks up on the idiosyncratic way

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each of us interacts with a computer or tablet

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to identify us for banking transactions.

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You drag the green piece until it hits the red.

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'I gave it a go. Unknown to me, the tablet's cursor

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'is dragging ever so slightly.

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'The way I compensate for that creates a unique pattern.'

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..A little bit to the left and you compensated

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by going a little bit to the right.

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That's my pattern.

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That's very obviously someone else's.

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Again, I curl in slowly.

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Another person jags back sharply.

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The idea is for this to replace the array of security measures

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that have simply become annoying.

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We talk about secret questions.

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There are text messages with one-time codes that are being sent.

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There are all sorts of physical tokens that you have to carry.

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And the point is that all of this is circumvented today by fraudsters.

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They know how to breach these sorts of defences

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while the real user is just bothered by additional security all the time.

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So, that's essentially what BioCatch is trying to solve.

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How do you actually increase the security by authenticating

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the user's behaviour, responses, cognitive choices,

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their subconscious interaction with the application

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and, at the same time, reduce that unnecessary friction?

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So, this could be the birth of truly smart security technology

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that no longer requires us to learn pesky passwords to ID ourselves,

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but instead learns about us.

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'Innovation starts at an early age in Israel.

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'The students here at the IDC Herzliya Media Innovation Lab

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'are developing ideas to help people with disabilities.'

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-Left foot...

-First. Then when you feel stable...

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'They've created a game for small children with balance problems,

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'using a smartphone's accelerometer

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'and a wobbly standy thing.'

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Excellent... Ah. I've crashed it.

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Five.

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'And for older people, how about a dance?

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'This Xbox Kinect game keeps you fit and mobile

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'by helping you to practise your moves.'

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# Hey mambo, mambo italiano... #

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'There's much more going on here and one of the professors showed

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'Jen Copestake his latest robot.

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'And it was quite an emotional experience.'

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# ..Mambo italiano... #

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It may look like just a cheap desk lamp,

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but by picking up on your emotions,

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this robot could help you become a better communicator.

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The robots were supposed to encourage people's empathy

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for each other, and through your empathy to the robot,

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it's supposed to make your behaviour to other people better.

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And the robot would be very sensitive

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and expressing the sensitivity of the relationship,

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and if people start talking to it

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in an aggressive way, it'll get scared.

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The robot is in a calm situation and it's listening to the conversation.

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The robot has three emotional states - curious, calm and scared -

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and will react depending on the volume

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and tone of conversation...

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He will get curious,

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move forward and try to listen more.

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So, we're going to try it out now.

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Hey!

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'..but quickly gets scared

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'and shakes when we're angry.'

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That was pretty scary, I have to say.

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You already feel bad for scaring it.

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Your whole body language is like, "Oh, no, I'm sorry."

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I think different people have different emotional needs

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and different robots could help those people

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cope with situations that might be hard for them.

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This is just one direction.

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CLANGING

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This is an industrial complex in Tel Aviv and the ground floor

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is still occupied, as you can hear,

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by traditional industry.

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The third floor has been taken over by something a lot more hi-tech.

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In fact, the companies here need units which offer them space

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to do their thinking and development, but also, to do stuff

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that's a lot more sciencey.

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You never know what you might find

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if you peer through the windows.

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Gauzy makes the next generation of smart glass.

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Unlike the stuff that just flicks between opaque and transparent

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when you pass an electric current through, this glass can fade

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between the two. You can also have

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several independent panels in one pane of glass.

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In theory, that should allow for more graceful-looking installations,

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whether it's a fridge you don't have to open

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to check the contents or groovy privacy screens for public places,

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or this enormous display already installed

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at the visitor centre in Shiloh.

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What's also unusual is, the flexible panel in-between the two panes

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can be one of several different shades of white or grey.

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In fact, next door,

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they're working on introducing a whole range of colours.

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And in the future, they might just be able to split the panel

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into individual pixels,

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allowing text or even graphics to be displayed.

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Next up, someone else who's a massive fan of Windows...

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and Mac OS X and Linux.

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It's Kate Russell, with Webscape.

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Yes, Spencer. It's true.

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I've spent much of my youth gazing through windows,

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mainly playing computer games

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like Elite and Wolfenstein 3D.

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Those classics didn't need

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impressive graphics

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and visual acrobatics

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to grab our attention.

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It was all about gameplay,

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and platform puzzler Nihilumbra

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has that in bucket-loads.

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You play a character born of the void

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and spend the whole game

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battling through a hostile landscape

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with the empty nothingness of nonexistence snapping at your heels.

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The artwork is simplistically stunning

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and the puzzles growing in difficulty

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as you pick up additional skills to play with.

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The darkly chilling script

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nags at you throughout

0:19:110:19:13

to feel hopeless and lost.

0:19:130:19:15

The demo can be played free online through your browser,

0:19:150:19:18

with the full game available on lots of platforms,

0:19:180:19:21

in a number of different languages.

0:19:210:19:22

The ongoing craze for self-destructing selfies

0:19:310:19:35

has gained another ally with Blink app released for android.

0:19:350:19:39

The free messaging app was already popular on iPhone

0:19:400:19:42

and lets users send text, photos, videos, sketches,

0:19:420:19:46

and even voice messages to friends

0:19:460:19:49

that disappear once they've been viewed.

0:19:490:19:51

This genre is such a buzz right now,

0:19:510:19:53

it's just been announced that

0:19:530:19:56

Yahoo has snapped up Blink.

0:19:560:19:58

So, who knows what the future holds for this app.

0:19:580:20:01

# I really need one But first, let me take a selfie... #

0:20:010:20:05

It seems like everyone is doing selfies these days.

0:20:050:20:08

The word has even been enshrined in the English language,

0:20:080:20:12

appearing in the Oxford Dictionary.

0:20:120:20:15

Another addictive habit is caffeine.

0:20:150:20:18

Note the seamless segue there.

0:20:180:20:20

If you're more of a coffee drinker than a self-obsessed snapper,

0:20:200:20:24

this next app could be for you.

0:20:240:20:26

UP Coffee lets you add and track your caffeine intake

0:20:280:20:31

throughout the day, keeping you informed

0:20:310:20:34

about how it might impact your sleep.

0:20:340:20:38

# I drink 40 cups of coffee... #

0:20:380:20:41

If you have the UP band, you can link the apps together

0:20:410:20:44

to get additional data and correlations

0:20:440:20:47

about sleep patterns over time.

0:20:470:20:49

Music lovers who like to impress

0:20:580:21:00

at the pub quiz should bookmark

0:21:000:21:02

Google's Music Timeline, which tracks the popularity of musical genres

0:21:020:21:07

dating back all the way to 1950.

0:21:070:21:10

# I like that old time rock 'n' roll... #

0:21:100:21:14

This is 64 years of musical history,

0:21:140:21:18

although classical music has been omitted

0:21:180:21:21

because it's catalogued differently from other genres,

0:21:210:21:23

using composition date rather than recording date to determine

0:21:230:21:27

where it sits in a timeline.

0:21:270:21:29

# ..Still like that old time rock 'n' roll... #

0:21:290:21:32

You can explore by genre,

0:21:320:21:34

with artists and albums all a click away to view.

0:21:340:21:37

And, of course, you can click through to purchase them

0:21:370:21:39

from Google's music store too.

0:21:390:21:42

# ..Still like that old-time rock 'n' roll... #

0:21:420:21:45

Codeacademy has been teaching people to code

0:21:480:21:51

with free and easy-to-follow online lessons since 2011.

0:21:510:21:56

Until now, the only language available was English.

0:21:560:22:00

But last week, the academy started rolling out

0:22:000:22:03

a global initiative to translate

0:22:030:22:05

the lessons into other languages.

0:22:050:22:07

Portuguese, French and Spanish translations are already completed,

0:22:070:22:11

with more in the works for the months ahead.

0:22:110:22:13

Kate Russell's Webscape.

0:22:190:22:21

Just before we leave Israel, I have to introduce you

0:22:210:22:24

to the company which is reinventing the wheel.

0:22:240:22:27

Now, if you use a wheelchair, you'll know what a bumpy

0:22:270:22:29

and uncomfortable ride coming down steps is.

0:22:290:22:31

And if you build a suspension system into the chair, it fights you

0:22:310:22:35

as you're rolling along flat surfaces,

0:22:350:22:36

which obviously isn't ideal.

0:22:360:22:38

Well, this man is using a chair fitted with two SoftWheels,

0:22:380:22:42

and this is what he can do.

0:22:420:22:44

It's basically an in-wheel suspension system,

0:22:440:22:48

but it's only used when it's needed, which means it doesn't fight you

0:22:480:22:51

when you roll along the flat.

0:22:510:22:53

Actually, this thing could be fitted to, well,

0:22:530:22:56

pretty much anything that has a wheel.

0:22:560:22:58

Now, that's it from Israel.

0:22:580:23:00

Next week, though, we'll be in the West Bank to check out

0:23:000:23:03

the Palestinian tech scene. Can't wait for that.

0:23:030:23:06

For more from us, check out our website...

0:23:060:23:09

Thank you very much for watching and we'll see you next time.

0:23:100:23:13

This special edition focuses on Israel's high-tech scene. Flying ambulance drones, emotional robots and reinventing the wheel. Includes tech news and Webscape.


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