01/01/2016 Click


01/01/2016

The second of two shows highlighting the best bits from 2015. Including reports from Africa, Asia and USA on new ideas for drones, phones, and rollercoasters.


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Transcript


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to tackle gun violence. Now on BBC News, Click.

:00:00.:00:13.

This week, snow, speed, and coasters.

:00:14.:00:43.

2015 was the year of attempt drone. Here are special compilations

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brought you from Asia, Africa, Europe and the USA. We start with a

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range of stories which showed just how many ways we could one day be

:01:01.:01:09.

using drones. If you thought that they were only good for racing,

:01:10.:01:17.

think again. Although... The aerial GP is an opportunity for

:01:18.:01:22.

drawn in to use the as to show off the skill by piloting quad copters

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across specially arranged circuits. Drones are fitted with cameras with

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pilots using goggles or monitors to see where they are going. They have

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to complete several circuits of this course whilst flying through the

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obstacles spread around it. What could be simpler? Try flying a few

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feet from the ground at 60 mph. Most people get into RC because they

:01:53.:02:00.

want the pilot. Next thing you know you are playing top gun.

:02:01.:02:12.

The day's racing draws to a close. Drones have been damaged, skills

:02:13.:02:21.

have been honed, and victorious racers receive applause from the

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piers. The organisers are attempting to take the drawn racers

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International. -- drawn racers International.

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We have seen and been used for classy photography, for a gratuitous

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self these -- for gratuitous selfies, and forgetting packages

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about the place. Here in the UAE they have started looking at other

:03:01.:03:08.

uses for drones. This is called Drones For Good. This is a serious

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business. You would not believe the number of issues that can be solved

:03:16.:03:20.

with the drone. At least when there is so much money up for grabs. For

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example, I did not know that fog is an issue in Dubai. Or at least it

:03:28.:03:37.

was until a group from the University invented a drone four at.

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We have a lot of accidents and disasters happening because of the

:03:44.:03:48.

fog. Air companies and people are really getting annoyed when the

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plane is diverted. Using a concept similar to cloud seeding, which

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causes rain, this can carry a salty solution which it sprays over at the

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fog, breaking the dew point and dispersing the mist.

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One thing I did no approach du Barry was its preference for the tall and

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the fabulous. With all of this high raise glass about you do need

:04:25.:04:28.

something to keep it all clean. Bring on the flying squeegee. It has

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washer, a squeegee, and we can clean up a maximum of 40 square metres. I

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am nervous about flying drones close to buildings, but the sponges

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protect the blades, so it is less likely to clash. Crash protection on

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something been taken to an entirely new level by this team.

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This is fascinating. I have never seen a drone like this before. What

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is the point? If the drone colleague against the obstacles, the inside

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will just a vertical. This is fantastic, this is what the strap

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astronaut into to spin them around. Can you give us examples of where

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you can see this being used? This drone can go anywhere for other

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drones cannot go. Inside glass buildings, anywhere where there is a

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lot of crashes and you cannot have perfect control of the robot.

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Anywhere for you can crash of the walls. That is the point.

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The pilot is flying the robot inside the house so he does not even see

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the robot any more. The only uses the video link from the drone.

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Collision resistant drone. They have $1 million to invest into the bright

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idea. Congratulations.

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We have thermal imaging cameras, the Santa Barbara Fire Department and

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our very own fire. What else to be need to throw into the mix of the

:06:25.:06:36.

story? How about a drone? Emergency services across the globe

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are already conducting trials and pilot projects with drones. With

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them all imaging cameras as small as these, the drone can be introduced

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to a host of different situations. One of the things that we need to

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check constantly for is, is it moving ahead, is the winter driving

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the head? With a drone, we will be able to do that out ahead of the

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fire. To have that kind of capacity will be invaluable.

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Here at the Urban Robotics Lab, we're looking at drones that can

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work in unusual places. We have never seen a drone that can claim

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the walls. It is so loud! And powerful. The drone sticks to the

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wall with the thrust generated. It then claims in the wall using its

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wheels. It has a camera which can be used to reach difficult places, like

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wind turbines, and it requires no expensive infrastructure to work.

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The team says that if it falls off it can easily fly itself back on to

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Wear it needs to be. -- to Weyrich needs to be. I'm going to go and

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brush my here. It has been the year of the drone.

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Especially for this guy. He decided to use 54 of them as order of

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transport. Seriously, if he flips it upside down he could more than one

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in ten seconds. We decided to go to Boston in

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February and somehow Dan Simmons got a much easier red than me, not that

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I'm bitter. People are looking for an alternative to the car, we need

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another means of transport. This is something which could really help to

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replace the car. It may not look like much, but the big red M on

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the back wheel is more than just a mortar. You can think of it more

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like a robot. It responds to your pedal behaviour and weaves itself

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seamlessly with your motion. You do not feel like you are on an electric

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vehicle, you just feel that the city has shrunk underneath you. We

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measure the amount of rotational force. Also speed and position. We

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had temperature sensors, sensors which measure the current of the

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mortar drive and the battery. The idea is that you buy the whole

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wheel, complete with tyre, so that it can fit most ordinary pushbikes.

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Inside that red disc, and now, you do not get a choice of colour, and

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we're close sensors and computers set. Alongside electric motor that

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gives you the push. It is quite a substantial push. Just

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touch the pedal and the world goes flying. The battery inside is good

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for about 30 miles and it takes about four hours to charge up. If

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you need extra juice while you are pedalling around then you can

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backpedal and that energy from braking and go straight back into

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retard battery. -- recharge the battery.

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An app allows you to track your journey, share data with other users

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and, importantly, change the wheel's response

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from turbo to detecting if you're going uphill,

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for example, before it gives you that extra shove.

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Immediately, it is really bouncy, but it is like there is hardly any

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It is almost like I am just on the flat.

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It is the ride that can be tweaked with your app or directly improved

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through firmware updates, just like your phone is.

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Step outside anywhere in the city and you can see quite how many bikes

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there are, so of course, keeping them safe is important.

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Here we are looking at a prototype of a hi-tech docking system.

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The finished device is going to be usable via any NFC connected phone.

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First of all you will use your phone's GPS to find the nearest

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docking station and book your spot, and then, by touching

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here with your smart phone you will be able to lock

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This steel bar is meant to be ten times stronger than your average

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bike lock, and if anyone tries to tamper with your bike once

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it is locked, you're going to get an alert on your phone,

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plus the person who's tampering with it will be filmed by an HD

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camera built in, so there's no escape for those bike thieves.

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More transport tech later, but first, to these.

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The cameras on our smart phones have become so good of late that we found

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ourselves wondering if we could make an entire episode

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It is Mark on camera one and two, Simon on three and four,

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Jen on five, Nima on six and seven, Ben on eight, and this

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We are using a real mix of smart phones, all of which can of course

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shoot high-definition video, but that is just the most basic

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We need these things to behave like pro cameras.

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Actually, most phones will let us take them out of full auto mode,

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so we can decide what part of the picture is in focus

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and decide for ourselves on the exposure.

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Now for those who are not fans of shaky mobile wobble vision,

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this mini dolly and this battery-powered self-steadying

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gimbal should keep things nice and smooth.

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But for things to look pro, they also need to sound pro,

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and this is where the phones really fault short.

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The onboard microphones are fine for capturing the sounds

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of the environment, but to make sure we are heaard over the background

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we need clip-on mics that we can get closer to our mouths.

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We are just testing out all the different phones

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Unfortunately none of the mics we tried, including the market-

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leading Rode Mic, which plugs straight into the phone,

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sounds good enough us, so we are using a concoction

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of cables and splitters to connect our pro radio mics

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Even then, most phones will only let you listen to the audio before

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and after the recording, only the iPhone lets you monitor

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the sound during the filming so it will be interesting to hear

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the results when you have to guess at setting the recording volume.

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But the biggest pain by far was editing this monster.

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It was hugely - some would say stupidly -

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to film and edit the whole programme using video from so many different

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sources with all of this new tech in just five days.

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Pinnacle on the iPad was intuitive and simple, but as soon as we tried

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using footage not shot on an Apple product, surprise, surprise,

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Our main editing machines, the Microsoft Surfaces really

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struggled under the weight of all that footage,

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and to be honest, currently it seriously looks like we will not

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If that is in fact the case, I hope you have enjoyed

:14:26.:14:30.

Now, we do like to get about on this programme, as you know,

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and in Kenya earlier this year we discovered something

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which the residents of one village were getting rather excited about.

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So what has attracted 3,000 people to the school hall to hear speeches

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Well, it's the fact that this town will,

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for the first time, have access to information that a lot

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of the world has taken for granted for years.

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These guys have come here today to hear about the outernet.

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Outernet is an idea conjured up by this man.

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It is a way of giving people in unconnected communities

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access to information, without having to put down

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lots of wires or use expensive data tariffs on mobile phone networks.

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The first receiver is being installed in the chief's house.

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When it is blinking it shows you when the signal is weak.

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The box, or pillar acts as a Wi-Fi hotspot for smart phones and people

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can come here and download content which they can then read later.

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It looks like there is stuff going on there.

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This is not full two-way internet access.

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Instead, the satellite continually broadcasts small portions of the web

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over and over, the bits that the team deem the most useful.

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That data is received and then stored locally on these boxes.

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No communication with the internet or others,

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And this puts it at a disadvantage compared to the other

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projects try to get poorer and remote communities online.

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Google, for example, is working on a project

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which is a network of high-altitude helium balloons that will boost

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internet connections across much wider areas, beyond coverage

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And both Facebook and Google are looking at increasing access

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Crucially these projects will give people truly two-way

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Anything that is related to bidirectional communications,

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the internet, to be able to provide that to the entire world,

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those are multibillion-dollar projects, with huge time horizons

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Our solution that we are offering is instantaneous.

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It is a matter of spending $1 billion and waiting ten years

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In fact, he's planning to launch his own satellites,

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these mini cube sats, as early as next year,

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which will broadcast to these even smaller receivers which do not even

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These can be placed in a pocket, this type of receiver,

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Not only will we be selling, we will publish plans on how you can

:17:59.:18:04.

If you can build on yourself from commonly available parts,

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what is to prevent anyone anywhere in the world from being able

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Including in countries that would not want that kind of content?

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Including countries that have massive firewalls,

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Including countries that have great firewalls or regularly monitor and

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That is one way we can bypass those restrictions.

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Now, I like to have a bit of fun on this show,

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but without the risk of making myself ill.

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So, we sent LJ Rich to Germany last summer to get a new take

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on rollercoasters and to give her the ride of her life.

:18:51.:18:56.

What better place to test new coaster tech than a park filled

:18:57.:19:02.

with people who know their air time from their iversions.

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I am here because one company thinks it has cracked a very difficult

:19:08.:19:12.

You have to keep very tightly synchronised to the real ride,

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so you do not approach a virtual curve before

:19:23.:19:40.

What we are doing is, we are measuring the actual position

:19:41.:19:45.

on the track with a special sensor, which is attached to the wheel

:19:46.:19:49.

That flashing light near the front wheel counts the rotations and syncs

:19:50.:19:52.

This means if the speed varies a little with each ride the program

:19:53.:19:57.

In fact, VRcould be the key to rejuvenating old rides,

:19:58.:20:01.

giving this 30-year-old family coaster a new lease of life.

:20:02.:20:03.

I understand my uncle got a similar effect using different

:20:04.:20:06.

Now, we finish our 2015 roundup in Japan, with two different types

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Japan is in a hurry - to make cars differently.

:20:15.:20:26.

So why are Japanese carmakers assembly-lining up to create

:20:27.:20:28.

what in the past has proven to be inexpensive,

:20:29.:20:31.

impractical, and unloved white elephant?

:20:32.:20:33.

The answer is as much political as it is about technology.

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Ahead of the 2020 Olympics here, they are thinking big.

:20:37.:20:44.

Traditionally, hydrogen has been produced using fossil fuels,

:20:45.:20:46.

but Japan does not have any of those, so Honda has created

:20:47.:20:49.

Ideally produced from renewable sources, and it has designed

:20:50.:20:59.

stations that do not just store the hydrogen,

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It may take a while to produce, but the beauty of hydrogen

:21:02.:21:06.

is its only waste product is the pure water emitted

:21:07.:21:08.

Japan has set its sights on being the leading exporter

:21:09.:21:12.

of these superclean cars to the rest of the world.

:21:13.:21:18.

Toyota recently delivered the first of its new fuel-cell cars to owners

:21:19.:21:21.

in Japan, the US, Denmark, Germany, and here in the UK.

:21:22.:21:25.

Toyota say this is the world's first mass-produced hydrogen car,

:21:26.:21:28.

designed from the ground up, which means they have not taken

:21:29.:21:32.

an existing model and put a hydrogen tank in it.

:21:33.:21:37.

They put the tanks in the back and essentially the engine

:21:38.:21:39.

with all the chemical reactions going on between the two front

:21:40.:21:42.

It is a little bit more heavy than a normal car, but its stats

:21:43.:21:51.

rack up - 111 top speed, 0-62 in nine seconds or so.

:21:52.:21:54.

But there is one statistic that may concern you.

:21:55.:21:56.

It's a safe if slow start to Japan's water-powered revolution.

:21:57.:22:26.

Not just any DeLorean, that would be impressive enough,

:22:27.:22:29.

this is a DeLorean from Back To The Future.

:22:30.:22:32.

You have got the drive circuits here, the plutonium chamber

:22:33.:22:40.

measurements over here, this is the time bank with current

:22:41.:22:42.

Speedometer, that has got to get to 88mph,

:22:43.:22:50.

Marty, and back here, the all-important flux capacitor.

:22:51.:22:53.

Right, why are we here today? Two reasons.

:22:54.:22:56.

Firstly, all of this, and secondly, how this baby is powered.

:22:57.:23:06.

TRANSLATION: 30 years ago, I watched Back To The Future

:23:07.:23:09.

and I thought, yes, in 30 years, you should be able

:23:10.:23:12.

but ten years ago I realised I had not seen it happen yet,

:23:13.:23:19.

so I decided to start research in bio ethanol

:23:20.:23:21.

One day, he hopes that, just like in the film,

:23:22.:23:27.

we will be able to put rubbish and even clothes straight into cars.

:23:28.:23:31.

For the moment, his company uses large processing plants to extract

:23:32.:23:33.

sugar from the cotton in used clothes and turn it

:23:34.:23:36.

I thought that was brilliant, brilliant enough to miss my flight

:23:37.:23:40.

Never mind, I think I have found an alternative means

:23:41.:23:47.

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