19/03/2016 Click


19/03/2016

We meet the Syrian refugees using innovative tech in Jordan's Zaatari camp and see how biometric data helps aid payments. Plus some very fast data and F1.


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Transcript


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this win and trials would mean five wins out of five. I will be back at

:00:00.:00:00.

the top of the hour with a full bulletin for you. Now though, time

:00:00.:00:07.

for Click. This week, the biometric tech

:00:08.:00:12.

helping Syrian refugees in Jordan. And we will watch the fastest data

:00:13.:00:14.

in the world and the fastest data This week marks the fifth year

:00:15.:00:17.

since the conflict in Syria began. Since then, the region has seen

:00:18.:00:45.

a mass movement of people as an estimated 4 million refugees

:00:46.:00:49.

have fled into neighbouring countries including Lebanon,

:00:50.:00:54.

Turkey and Jordan. Distributing aid and processing

:00:55.:00:58.

papers for the refugees It means that many people can wait

:00:59.:01:00.

at the border for a long time before But for refugees entering Jordan,

:01:01.:01:06.

new ways of using biometric technology to identify people

:01:07.:01:11.

could make for quicker processing times and even easy access

:01:12.:01:16.

to aid through banks. And there is plenty of other

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inventive tech ideas to improve daily life coming

:01:22.:01:23.

from the refugees themselves. We have been to Jordan's capital

:01:24.:01:28.

Amman and the Zaatari camp We are on the road to Zaatari,

:01:29.:01:31.

the largest refugee camp in Jordan. Only a few miles from Syria,

:01:32.:01:42.

many people have come here from Daraa, often called

:01:43.:01:45.

the cradle of revolution for its early role in antigovernment

:01:46.:01:48.

protests. The camp was formed four years ago

:01:49.:01:52.

when people fled the war Now over 80,000 people

:01:53.:01:56.

are estimated to live here. Despite facing incredible hardship,

:01:57.:02:00.

there is an atmosphere of resilience and entrepreneurial

:02:01.:02:08.

spirit which gives it In the camp, many refugees

:02:09.:02:09.

are working and there Once an empty desert,

:02:10.:02:15.

thousands of shops and homes almost The main street is called

:02:16.:02:20.

Sham D'Elysees, which is a play on two things, the word the Syrians

:02:21.:02:24.

refer to Damascus by, You can find everything from bridal

:02:25.:02:27.

dresses, to vegetable shops and barbershops,

:02:28.:02:33.

and even quite a few One of the shop is run by Mohammed

:02:34.:02:36.

who showed me one of the most Do have one with a bigger

:02:37.:02:46.

compartment? I haven't seen these tablets before,

:02:47.:02:49.

they have games for kids from China. And if you break your phone,

:02:50.:02:58.

you are in good hands here. There are several workshops open

:02:59.:03:01.

in the evening in many spare parts for sale including the Samsung

:03:02.:03:04.

batteries for just a few dollars We also watched a report he had been

:03:05.:03:07.

featured in talking about how he stays in touch with his family

:03:08.:03:14.

in Syria through WhatsApp. Not many people here have laptops

:03:15.:03:18.

he says, but everyone can afford Keeping in touch with family back

:03:19.:03:22.

home is critical for those whose lives have been torn

:03:23.:03:30.

apart by the conflict. The majority of Syrian refugees

:03:31.:03:32.

in Jordan live in the capital where at least 600,000

:03:33.:03:36.

are registered with the UNHCR. This is the waiting

:03:37.:03:40.

area for refugees. This is where they wait

:03:41.:03:44.

to process their cases, whether it is a interviews to renew

:03:45.:03:51.

asylum certificates or to follow up on their cases on an individual

:03:52.:03:54.

basis, whether it is for cash assistance, health assistance

:03:55.:03:57.

or legal assistance. Whatever they may need,

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we have it here. We have around 3000-4000 individuals

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per day and this is why the registration centre

:04:02.:04:07.

is the largest in the Middle East. We process their cases on a daily

:04:08.:04:16.

basis, whether it is for registration for other units

:04:17.:04:19.

or even resettlement interviews. The problem of registering so many

:04:20.:04:23.

new people has led to a solution All refugees who enter Jordan

:04:24.:04:27.

have their irises scanned to confirm their identities

:04:28.:04:38.

and are given an identification card The process is two steps,

:04:39.:04:41.

with initial enrollment Today we meet a family

:04:42.:04:44.

from Homs who are renewing The iris scan is considered the most

:04:45.:04:47.

secure form of biometrics as fingerprints can change over

:04:48.:04:51.

time, especially for young children. Along with ID cards,

:04:52.:04:55.

the data is shared with local partners to try to make

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life a bit more normal. Bank accounts are automatically

:04:59.:05:01.

created with the Cairo Amman bank where aid money can be taken out

:05:02.:05:05.

in the blink of an eye. There is no need to register

:05:06.:05:08.

information again with the bank, as it comes through the UNHCR

:05:09.:05:12.

secure iCloud server based The data is shared

:05:13.:05:19.

between four countries, Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon and Iraq,

:05:20.:05:24.

to ensure you aren't registered There is some information that

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would be shared with the government, actually for their service

:05:28.:05:32.

and for our service actually because the Jordanian authority

:05:33.:05:36.

needs to know the numbers. But other information,

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this will be 100% secret He might tell me that he was

:05:39.:05:43.

tortured in his country. The general information,

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we will tell him that this might be shared with the government,

:05:50.:05:56.

and actually they agree. Back in Zaatari technology

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is being used in inventive ways The camp is a community of makers

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and one of the most innovative Three years ago, he fled

:06:05.:06:12.

the violence in Syria They all have disabilities

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and struggle to get around He wanted to have more independence

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and designed electric bike around Giving refugees access to technology

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and education is the focus One of its startups, 3DMeena,

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is focused on fabrication A Syrian refugee volunteer named

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Assam, became so efficient with the machines here

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that he became the company's Technical Director, even teaching

:07:49.:07:50.

members of the Jordanian Royal rehab He was an ambulance driver

:07:51.:07:54.

in Syria and lost his leg As well as customising

:07:55.:07:59.

his own prosthetics, he helped a young Yemeni boy named

:08:00.:08:04.

Zayn, who lost part of his hand They were able to include elements

:08:05.:08:07.

of Zayn's favourite cartoon character in the design,

:08:08.:08:12.

all for just 75 US dollars. Assam also helped develop a 3D

:08:13.:08:17.

printed system using feedback for another Syrian refugee named

:08:18.:08:20.

Ahmed who was blinded by a sniper The echolocation system helps

:08:21.:08:24.

guide him to walk around unaided. There are 1.5 million

:08:25.:08:32.

Syrian refugees in Jordan and that is almost 20%

:08:33.:08:36.

of the population. So we need to find the best way

:08:37.:08:40.

to engage with them. As we can't just keep

:08:41.:08:47.

ignoring the problem, it is opportunity for us to find

:08:48.:08:51.

an economy in Jordan where we don't This is a change for us more

:08:52.:08:55.

than a burden. The company plans to open

:08:56.:09:00.

fabrication labs in a refugee camp in Turkey and in a northern

:09:01.:09:05.

Jordanian city. It is a small but positive step

:09:06.:09:07.

to harness the talents of people forced into exile and help them to

:09:08.:09:12.

integrate to a new country country. Hello and welcome

:09:13.:09:19.

to the Week in Tech. It was the week that Google's

:09:20.:09:20.

artificial intelligence, Alpha Go, emerged victorious

:09:21.:09:27.

over human opposition. The machine beat one of the world's

:09:28.:09:29.

best Go players to scoop ?700,000. It leaves us humans very

:09:30.:09:33.

afraid for our future. A world dominated by

:09:34.:09:37.

machines edged ever closer as Chancellor George Osborne

:09:38.:09:41.

officially announced that driverless lorries and cars will be trialed

:09:42.:09:45.

on UK roads over the next Osborne also announced tax

:09:46.:09:48.

allowances for for entrepreneurs and those renting properties

:09:49.:09:58.

through online companies like Air It was also the week that Sony

:09:59.:10:01.

announced its PlayStation VR will go on sale in October and pigeons took

:10:02.:10:05.

to the skies of London equipped with mini backpacks that measure

:10:06.:10:08.

levels of nitrogen dioxide And if you ever need your car towed,

:10:09.:10:10.

then once again, robots may These tiny bots weigh less than 100

:10:11.:10:16.

g and are the product of researchers Working together in teams,

:10:17.:10:25.

they are able to pull objects Stanford has also been developing

:10:26.:10:31.

the next generation of drone. One that is decidedly

:10:32.:10:40.

insectlike and can fly, Yes, there really is no

:10:41.:10:43.

end to robotic talent. Now it is time to catch

:10:44.:10:57.

up with Dave Lee. That is not him, although he does

:10:58.:11:00.

look a bit like that sometimes. He has been in Austin,

:11:01.:11:03.

Texas on the hunt for the next big hit in the world of

:11:04.:11:06.

apps and social media. Welcome to Austin and to South

:11:07.:11:09.

by Southwest, something of a pilgrimage for all the big

:11:10.:11:13.

names in new apps and startups. By the end of this week,

:11:14.:11:17.

everyone who travels here hopes The South by Southwest Interactive

:11:18.:11:20.

Festival is into its 23rd year. It prides itself on being a breeding

:11:21.:11:29.

ground for success. One thing that is great

:11:30.:11:35.

about it is word-of-mouth. Everyone is looking for the next big

:11:36.:11:37.

thing and everyone takes it back to their individual communities

:11:38.:11:41.

and help it to catch on. Word-of-mouth means big things have

:11:42.:11:45.

come out of this show. There was Twitter in 2007,

:11:46.:11:49.

Foursquare was a big hit in 2009 and last year everyone was talking

:11:50.:11:53.

about live streaming apps like Meerkat,

:11:54.:11:57.

although the success We find that things that catch

:11:58.:11:59.

on too quickly tend to die out, people see them as a flash

:12:00.:12:06.

in the pan and they're not ready for the success, they don't

:12:07.:12:09.

have the infrastructure built in. So if you come to South

:12:10.:12:11.

by Southwest as a startup, you need to do certain things

:12:12.:12:19.

to stand out from all the others, like bringing along

:12:20.:12:23.

this little fellow. A puppy powered networking event

:12:24.:12:28.

is always going to make you a lot of friends, but who really stood out

:12:29.:12:31.

at this year's show? Nothing is really out there,

:12:32.:12:36.

there are some successes, but no breakout successes

:12:37.:12:39.

like last year. There has been Twitter,

:12:40.:12:47.

Foursquare, Meerkat and there are some interesting apps,

:12:48.:12:49.

like one that you can record a thought in audio and have other

:12:50.:12:51.

people reply with their thoughts It was debuted early before South

:12:52.:12:54.

by Southwest and they have been I can't believe this

:12:55.:12:58.

is a real company. Another big trend is for apps that

:12:59.:13:01.

get other people to do the kind of jobs that you can't

:13:02.:13:04.

be bothered to do. Favour is another similar app

:13:05.:13:06.

which promises to deliver anything Once you have placed the order,

:13:07.:13:09.

it is connected to the closest runner who will either bike or drive

:13:10.:13:14.

to where you placed your order and will get you everything

:13:15.:13:19.

from food, groceries or something like a phone charger

:13:20.:13:22.

or a computer from Apple. There may not be a breakout hit

:13:23.:13:27.

for 2016 but South by Southwest Just look at this guy plugging some

:13:28.:13:30.

social network called The reason I'm here is really

:13:31.:13:36.

to recruit all of you. It wasn't a bad pitch,

:13:37.:13:42.

but something tells me he is going to be out of a job

:13:43.:13:44.

in just a few months. Hoodies with headphones,

:13:45.:13:55.

insoles that alert you if a loved one takes a fall, and a jacket that

:13:56.:14:00.

can change colour with a tap The wearable tech show

:14:01.:14:03.

in London had it all, including some new kit

:14:04.:14:10.

from the bigger players. Here is one for the golfers,

:14:11.:14:15.

which isn't me. The TomTom Golfer watch can

:14:16.:14:19.

automatically detect that you have taken a shot, and after the game

:14:20.:14:22.

offers some funky postgame analysis. The watch syncs with a smartphone

:14:23.:14:28.

that can tell you where you went Measuring distances and warning

:14:29.:14:32.

of hazards while playing, it joins the growing line-up of GPS

:14:33.:14:40.

golf watches on the market, For anyone who is being a bit smug

:14:41.:14:42.

about how well their activity tracker says they are doing,

:14:43.:14:57.

this will really put them This is not about what you do,

:14:58.:15:00.

it is about how much effort This has been available

:15:01.:15:05.

in gyms for several years, but now the app and dedicated

:15:06.:15:14.

heart rate tracker are Whatever kind of exercise

:15:15.:15:21.

you are doing, it looks at your personal heart rate data

:15:22.:15:26.

to come up with a percentage of how Another idea that has been taken out

:15:27.:15:30.

of the exercise studio, performance enhancing sportswear

:15:31.:15:35.

that has electro-muscle stimulation That means the suit will be

:15:36.:15:39.

using electric impulses to get The programmable options mean

:15:40.:15:48.

you can simply increase the intensity of your workout

:15:49.:15:52.

or even engage extra muscles, like your core and upper

:15:53.:15:54.

body while out running. It comes at a pretty high price,

:15:55.:15:57.

not that I actually got a chance It is not just about fitness

:15:58.:16:01.

here at the show, there are also Any parent will be able to tell

:16:02.:16:09.

you that taking the temperature of a child under two

:16:10.:16:15.

is particularly challenging, Every three seconds it will take

:16:16.:16:19.

a recording of the child's temperature, and then transfer that

:16:20.:16:28.

data to a smartphone app. The waterproof device can be

:16:29.:16:34.

attached under the arm with a sticker, or tucked under

:16:35.:16:37.

the waistband of a nappy. High fever alerts can also be set

:16:38.:16:40.

up, as long as the phone While some of the ideas may appear

:16:41.:16:43.

more likely to take off than others, this could be a taste of what we can

:16:44.:16:51.

expect from wearables in the future. It might not look it,

:16:52.:16:55.

but it is a world record. This is the fastest data

:16:56.:17:14.

transfer in history. Researchers here at University

:17:15.:17:22.

College London are sending information through optic

:17:23.:17:27.

fibre at speeds of 1.125 It is also 50,000 times faster

:17:28.:17:32.

than the average UK home broadband connection, and still much faster

:17:33.:17:47.

than the fat internet connections And it is this internet

:17:48.:17:50.

backbone that this research As with all experiments,

:17:51.:17:57.

this looks very experimental, It is sending data over 3000

:17:58.:18:03.

kilometres of optic fibre. It's actually sending it

:18:04.:18:09.

through 100km of fibre 30 times. Then it comes to the

:18:10.:18:13.

receiver over here. There it is, the data coming

:18:14.:18:16.

in at one terabit per second. This is a clever mix of digital

:18:17.:18:20.

signal processing to filter out the noise, and physics,

:18:21.:18:26.

which attempts to use every part of the light to maximise

:18:27.:18:31.

the data rate. In order to increase the data rate,

:18:32.:18:35.

we are typically instead of using one colour light

:18:36.:18:37.

we are using a number of colour lights and combining them into one

:18:38.:18:40.

big what we call a super channel. Then, we increase the amount

:18:41.:18:43.

of information we can send on each By using these cunning techniques,

:18:44.:18:46.

the team here say upgrading the internet won't take

:18:47.:18:52.

a lot of digging. You can use the same optic fibre

:18:53.:18:57.

cables and just change But will we ever really need

:18:58.:18:59.

all that extra speed? Well, history would

:19:00.:19:07.

suggest, yes we would. To be able to send much greater

:19:08.:19:12.

volumes of data at much higher speeds over existing fibres,

:19:13.:19:17.

all the devices constantly sending data - your televisions,

:19:18.:19:22.

computers, cameras, Terabits to hundreds

:19:23.:19:25.

of terabits of data, the minimum necessary to transmit

:19:26.:19:33.

all the data we are currently If you are not excited by this

:19:34.:19:37.

kind of high speed data, first of all, what

:19:38.:19:49.

is wrong with you? Secondly, maybe I can tempt

:19:50.:19:52.

you with a different kind of high-speed data, the type that

:19:53.:19:55.

comes out Formula One car as it LJ Rich has been given exclusive

:19:56.:20:09.

access to one Formula One It is not everyday you to visit

:20:10.:20:12.

the Williams Formula One team private museum and nose around

:20:13.:20:16.

the old cars with Felipe Massa. He is pointing out his favourite,

:20:17.:20:19.

that of previous world champion There are just a few buttons

:20:20.:20:23.

in here, get up and gear down, Gear up and tear down or maybe

:20:24.:20:28.

radio, or something else. The only thing is our car now

:20:29.:20:42.

is a lot more safe compared Some of these cars are only about 20

:20:43.:20:47.

years old, and that is ancient This is the steering

:20:48.:20:51.

wheel from 1983. This is from 92, which is actually

:20:52.:20:58.

pretty nice compared to this one. As a Londoner I am wondering

:20:59.:21:07.

where the horn is! It is not just the wheels that help

:21:08.:21:10.

it go round the track. The Williams team have about 500

:21:11.:21:15.

sensors on each car and around 1000 That works out at around 60-80

:21:16.:21:19.

gigabytes of data generated That is tons of telemetry,

:21:20.:21:24.

a huge amount of information. The systems these days are so good

:21:25.:21:33.

that we can see that car across the entire lap

:21:34.:21:36.

of every circuit we go to. When it comes past the pit we get

:21:37.:21:38.

a burst of data from it to get While the race is going,

:21:39.:21:42.

real-time data goes back for analysis, but when the track

:21:43.:21:48.

is thousands of miles from the engineers, even a fraction

:21:49.:21:50.

of a second of extra speed In the cut and thrust of the race,

:21:51.:21:53.

it is very difficult if you know your contribution

:21:54.:21:59.

is going to be slightly delayed into a conversation,

:22:00.:22:02.

so that latency piece has been almost as important as the cost

:22:03.:22:05.

of being able to transfer data. Once, the only person getting

:22:06.:22:09.

the car around the track Trackside teams chime in over

:22:10.:22:20.

the radio, plus a roomful On the weekends this place is full

:22:21.:22:25.

of backseat drivers. Each station is for analysing

:22:26.:22:28.

different aspects. In car systems, this one

:22:29.:22:32.

is the engine behaviour and these There is aerodynamics,

:22:33.:22:42.

which can be used for more than just keeping the car stable,

:22:43.:22:51.

they can also direct airflow For example, to cool tyres

:22:52.:22:54.

to the optimum temperature. Effectively, these people

:22:55.:23:00.

try to predict the future You could spot that the gearbox oil

:23:01.:23:03.

pressure is dropping low, which means we have to get that

:23:04.:23:10.

information to the driver, they can start changing

:23:11.:23:14.

so that the gearbox will make it If modern F1 cars are this advanced,

:23:15.:23:17.

with diagnostics on board, low latency communication,

:23:18.:23:24.

and self driving cars are being, surely a robot can press some

:23:25.:23:28.

buttons and go around the track. I asked Felipe Massa

:23:29.:23:33.

if we even need drivers. You are still a driver,

:23:34.:23:38.

you are still in a racing team. Sometimes before things happen

:23:39.:23:43.

the driver is making a difference. Because you have everything

:23:44.:23:48.

electronic around, when you have a competitive car,

:23:49.:23:51.

when you have a good car, to fight for victory,

:23:52.:23:55.

the driver is the one More throughout the week on Twitter,

:23:56.:23:58.

we will see you soon. Hello. It is a reasonable weekend if

:23:59.:24:40.

you are enjoying some sunshine, but

:24:41.:24:41.

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