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this win and trials would mean five wins out of five. I will be back at


the top of the hour with a full bulletin for you. Now though, time


for Click. This week, the biometric tech


helping Syrian refugees in Jordan. And we will watch the fastest data


in the world and the fastest data This week marks the fifth year


since the conflict in Syria began. Since then, the region has seen


a mass movement of people as an estimated 4 million refugees


have fled into neighbouring countries including Lebanon,


Turkey and Jordan. Distributing aid and processing


papers for the refugees It means that many people can wait


at the border for a long time before But for refugees entering Jordan,


new ways of using biometric technology to identify people


could make for quicker processing times and even easy access


to aid through banks. And there is plenty of other


inventive tech ideas to improve daily life coming


from the refugees themselves. We have been to Jordan's capital


Amman and the Zaatari camp We are on the road to Zaatari,


the largest refugee camp in Jordan. Only a few miles from Syria,


many people have come here from Daraa, often called


the cradle of revolution for its early role in antigovernment


protests. The camp was formed four years ago


when people fled the war Now over 80,000 people


are estimated to live here. Despite facing incredible hardship,


there is an atmosphere of resilience and entrepreneurial


spirit which gives it In the camp, many refugees


are working and there Once an empty desert,


thousands of shops and homes almost The main street is called


Sham D'Elysees, which is a play on two things, the word the Syrians


refer to Damascus by, You can find everything from bridal


dresses, to vegetable shops and barbershops,


and even quite a few One of the shop is run by Mohammed


who showed me one of the most Do have one with a bigger


compartment? I haven't seen these tablets before,


they have games for kids from China. And if you break your phone,


you are in good hands here. There are several workshops open


in the evening in many spare parts for sale including the Samsung


batteries for just a few dollars We also watched a report he had been


featured in talking about how he stays in touch with his family


in Syria through WhatsApp. Not many people here have laptops


he says, but everyone can afford Keeping in touch with family back


home is critical for those whose lives have been torn


apart by the conflict. The majority of Syrian refugees


in Jordan live in the capital where at least 600,000


are registered with the UNHCR. This is the waiting


area for refugees. This is where they wait


to process their cases, whether it is a interviews to renew


asylum certificates or to follow up on their cases on an individual


basis, whether it is for cash assistance, health assistance


or legal assistance. Whatever they may need,


we have it here. We have around 3000-4000 individuals


per day and this is why the registration centre


is the largest in the Middle East. We process their cases on a daily


basis, whether it is for registration for other units


or even resettlement interviews. The problem of registering so many


new people has led to a solution All refugees who enter Jordan


have their irises scanned to confirm their identities


and are given an identification card The process is two steps,


with initial enrollment Today we meet a family


from Homs who are renewing The iris scan is considered the most


secure form of biometrics as fingerprints can change over


time, especially for young children. Along with ID cards,


the data is shared with local partners to try to make


life a bit more normal. Bank accounts are automatically


created with the Cairo Amman bank where aid money can be taken out


in the blink of an eye. There is no need to register


information again with the bank, as it comes through the UNHCR


secure iCloud server based The data is shared


between four countries, Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon and Iraq,


to ensure you aren't registered There is some information that


would be shared with the government, actually for their service


and for our service actually because the Jordanian authority


needs to know the numbers. But other information,


this will be 100% secret He might tell me that he was


tortured in his country. The general information,


we will tell him that this might be shared with the government,


and actually they agree. Back in Zaatari technology


is being used in inventive ways The camp is a community of makers


and one of the most innovative Three years ago, he fled


the violence in Syria They all have disabilities


and struggle to get around He wanted to have more independence


and designed electric bike around Giving refugees access to technology


and education is the focus One of its startups, 3DMeena,


is focused on fabrication A Syrian refugee volunteer named


Assam, became so efficient with the machines here


that he became the company's Technical Director, even teaching


members of the Jordanian Royal rehab He was an ambulance driver


in Syria and lost his leg As well as customising


his own prosthetics, he helped a young Yemeni boy named


Zayn, who lost part of his hand They were able to include elements


of Zayn's favourite cartoon character in the design,


all for just 75 US dollars. Assam also helped develop a 3D


printed system using feedback for another Syrian refugee named


Ahmed who was blinded by a sniper The echolocation system helps


guide him to walk around unaided. There are 1.5 million


Syrian refugees in Jordan and that is almost 20%


of the population. So we need to find the best way


to engage with them. As we can't just keep


ignoring the problem, it is opportunity for us to find


an economy in Jordan where we don't This is a change for us more


than a burden. The company plans to open


fabrication labs in a refugee camp in Turkey and in a northern


Jordanian city. It is a small but positive step


to harness the talents of people forced into exile and help them to


integrate to a new country country. Hello and welcome


to the Week in Tech. It was the week that Google's


artificial intelligence, Alpha Go, emerged victorious


over human opposition. The machine beat one of the world's


best Go players to scoop ?700,000. It leaves us humans very


afraid for our future. A world dominated by


machines edged ever closer as Chancellor George Osborne


officially announced that driverless lorries and cars will be trialed


on UK roads over the next Osborne also announced tax


allowances for for entrepreneurs and those renting properties


through online companies like Air It was also the week that Sony


announced its PlayStation VR will go on sale in October and pigeons took


to the skies of London equipped with mini backpacks that measure


levels of nitrogen dioxide And if you ever need your car towed,


then once again, robots may These tiny bots weigh less than 100


g and are the product of researchers Working together in teams,


they are able to pull objects Stanford has also been developing


the next generation of drone. One that is decidedly


insectlike and can fly, Yes, there really is no


end to robotic talent. Now it is time to catch


up with Dave Lee. That is not him, although he does


look a bit like that sometimes. He has been in Austin,


Texas on the hunt for the next big hit in the world of


apps and social media. Welcome to Austin and to South


by Southwest, something of a pilgrimage for all the big


names in new apps and startups. By the end of this week,


everyone who travels here hopes The South by Southwest Interactive


Festival is into its 23rd year. It prides itself on being a breeding


ground for success. One thing that is great


about it is word-of-mouth. Everyone is looking for the next big


thing and everyone takes it back to their individual communities


and help it to catch on. Word-of-mouth means big things have


come out of this show. There was Twitter in 2007,


Foursquare was a big hit in 2009 and last year everyone was talking


about live streaming apps like Meerkat,


although the success We find that things that catch


on too quickly tend to die out, people see them as a flash


in the pan and they're not ready for the success, they don't


have the infrastructure built in. So if you come to South


by Southwest as a startup, you need to do certain things


to stand out from all the others, like bringing along


this little fellow. A puppy powered networking event


is always going to make you a lot of friends, but who really stood out


at this year's show? Nothing is really out there,


there are some successes, but no breakout successes


like last year. There has been Twitter,


Foursquare, Meerkat and there are some interesting apps,


like one that you can record a thought in audio and have other


people reply with their thoughts It was debuted early before South


by Southwest and they have been I can't believe this


is a real company. Another big trend is for apps that


get other people to do the kind of jobs that you can't


be bothered to do. Favour is another similar app


which promises to deliver anything Once you have placed the order,


it is connected to the closest runner who will either bike or drive


to where you placed your order and will get you everything


from food, groceries or something like a phone charger


or a computer from Apple. There may not be a breakout hit


for 2016 but South by Southwest Just look at this guy plugging some


social network called The reason I'm here is really


to recruit all of you. It wasn't a bad pitch,


but something tells me he is going to be out of a job


in just a few months. Hoodies with headphones,


insoles that alert you if a loved one takes a fall, and a jacket that


can change colour with a tap The wearable tech show


in London had it all, including some new kit


from the bigger players. Here is one for the golfers,


which isn't me. The TomTom Golfer watch can


automatically detect that you have taken a shot, and after the game


offers some funky postgame analysis. The watch syncs with a smartphone


that can tell you where you went Measuring distances and warning


of hazards while playing, it joins the growing line-up of GPS


golf watches on the market, For anyone who is being a bit smug


about how well their activity tracker says they are doing,


this will really put them This is not about what you do,


it is about how much effort This has been available


in gyms for several years, but now the app and dedicated


heart rate tracker are Whatever kind of exercise


you are doing, it looks at your personal heart rate data


to come up with a percentage of how Another idea that has been taken out


of the exercise studio, performance enhancing sportswear


that has electro-muscle stimulation That means the suit will be


using electric impulses to get The programmable options mean


you can simply increase the intensity of your workout


or even engage extra muscles, like your core and upper


body while out running. It comes at a pretty high price,


not that I actually got a chance It is not just about fitness


here at the show, there are also Any parent will be able to tell


you that taking the temperature of a child under two


is particularly challenging, Every three seconds it will take


a recording of the child's temperature, and then transfer that


data to a smartphone app. The waterproof device can be


attached under the arm with a sticker, or tucked under


the waistband of a nappy. High fever alerts can also be set


up, as long as the phone While some of the ideas may appear


more likely to take off than others, this could be a taste of what we can


expect from wearables in the future. It might not look it,


but it is a world record. This is the fastest data


transfer in history. Researchers here at University


College London are sending information through optic


fibre at speeds of 1.125 It is also 50,000 times faster


than the average UK home broadband connection, and still much faster


than the fat internet connections And it is this internet


backbone that this research As with all experiments,


this looks very experimental, It is sending data over 3000


kilometres of optic fibre. It's actually sending it


through 100km of fibre 30 times. Then it comes to the


receiver over here. There it is, the data coming


in at one terabit per second. This is a clever mix of digital


signal processing to filter out the noise, and physics,


which attempts to use every part of the light to maximise


the data rate. In order to increase the data rate,


we are typically instead of using one colour light


we are using a number of colour lights and combining them into one


big what we call a super channel. Then, we increase the amount


of information we can send on each By using these cunning techniques,


the team here say upgrading the internet won't take


a lot of digging. You can use the same optic fibre


cables and just change But will we ever really need


all that extra speed? Well, history would


suggest, yes we would. To be able to send much greater


volumes of data at much higher speeds over existing fibres,


all the devices constantly sending data - your televisions,


computers, cameras, Terabits to hundreds


of terabits of data, the minimum necessary to transmit


all the data we are currently If you are not excited by this


kind of high speed data, first of all, what


is wrong with you? Secondly, maybe I can tempt


you with a different kind of high-speed data, the type that


comes out Formula One car as it LJ Rich has been given exclusive


access to one Formula One It is not everyday you to visit


the Williams Formula One team private museum and nose around


the old cars with Felipe Massa. He is pointing out his favourite,


that of previous world champion There are just a few buttons


in here, get up and gear down, Gear up and tear down or maybe


radio, or something else. The only thing is our car now


is a lot more safe compared Some of these cars are only about 20


years old, and that is ancient This is the steering


wheel from 1983. This is from 92, which is actually


pretty nice compared to this one. As a Londoner I am wondering


where the horn is! It is not just the wheels that help


it go round the track. The Williams team have about 500


sensors on each car and around 1000 That works out at around 60-80


gigabytes of data generated That is tons of telemetry,


a huge amount of information. The systems these days are so good


that we can see that car across the entire lap


of every circuit we go to. When it comes past the pit we get


a burst of data from it to get While the race is going,


real-time data goes back for analysis, but when the track


is thousands of miles from the engineers, even a fraction


of a second of extra speed In the cut and thrust of the race,


it is very difficult if you know your contribution


is going to be slightly delayed into a conversation,


so that latency piece has been almost as important as the cost


of being able to transfer data. Once, the only person getting


the car around the track Trackside teams chime in over


the radio, plus a roomful On the weekends this place is full


of backseat drivers. Each station is for analysing


different aspects. In car systems, this one


is the engine behaviour and these There is aerodynamics,


which can be used for more than just keeping the car stable,


they can also direct airflow For example, to cool tyres


to the optimum temperature. Effectively, these people


try to predict the future You could spot that the gearbox oil


pressure is dropping low, which means we have to get that


information to the driver, they can start changing


so that the gearbox will make it If modern F1 cars are this advanced,


with diagnostics on board, low latency communication,


and self driving cars are being, surely a robot can press some


buttons and go around the track. I asked Felipe Massa


if we even need drivers. You are still a driver,


you are still in a racing team. Sometimes before things happen


the driver is making a difference. Because you have everything


electronic around, when you have a competitive car,


when you have a good car, to fight for victory,


the driver is the one More throughout the week on Twitter,


we will see you soon. Hello. It is a reasonable weekend if


you are enjoying some sunshine, but


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