All Aboard India's Technicolour Dream Train Click

All Aboard India's Technicolour Dream Train

In the final episode of Click's special India season, how Google is turning the country's 163-year-old railway into a fibre optic network to bring internet to all.

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Putin in Moscow and said he was not trying to influence events. And now


one BBC News, Click. Driving in India is an experience.


singing... Sort of. Driving in India is an experience.


The roads are crammed and the horn is on the present and the rules


are... Well, they are there somewhere, I'm sure. And that's why


we will not be doing a story about self driving cars in India any time


soon. And despite the fact that it seems like everybody here owns a


car, that is not true. Any people choose to travel by train instead.


If you think that is any less intense... Think again. Yeah, about


those rules... The central station is a massive heaving hub collecting


the city to the north and east of India. If you look closely, you will


see something else connecting the commuters to the rest of the world.


116 wireless access points provide free Wi-Fi to anybody with an Indian


phone number. It is provided by Google which says that about 2.5 TB


are being downloaded here every day. And here is the interesting part,


this is not just about this station. Along the railway tracks live 45,000


kilometres of optical fibre and Google is piping Internet access


down those cables to feed Wi-Fi access to 114 other train stations


as well. The man overseeing the project is this man, who I caught up


with while he was waiting for a train. If you had to take one place


in the country where you wanted tremendous fibre and you had to have


reliable power then, relatively speaking, power is a challenge and


the entire country had to walk for, there is only one place. That is


awry waystation. Can you guarantee that all services on Google's Wi-Fi


will be treated equally? Absolutely. I think the whole motivation for us,


if you look at the reason why we do this was to see if we could provide


an open Internet, completely open with access to the entire world. The


way the web was designed. So, there is a fibre network rolling out from


train stations like this to the vast rural areas of this enormous


country. And David hopped on a train to find out what effect that has


happened having elsewhere in India. It is hard not to be romantic about


the railways of India. British colonial rulers laid tracks to


control shifting resources, mostly out, and prising open markets. Now


it is about moving people, millions a day. And thanks to optic fibre,


data. I took the train to a station to investigate. It has proper


broadband and it is free. People are filling their booths. Apart from


some controversy, at this station where people were using free Wi-Fi


to download hard-core pornography, the provision of high-speed Wi-Fi


has been almost universally praised. 90,000 people pass through the


station every day. I use the Internet for work and entertainment.


For a student journalist it means she can keep tabs on breaking


stories. Early in the morning, the world changes like... So many things


change. I come and check. Indian stations are full of thriving


businesses, feeding off or simply feeding the thousands streaming


through them every day. Free Wi-Fi has been a boon to local businesses


here. This man runs a tea stall on the platform. He makes more money


now that his customers and make online payments to him. I use the


Wi-Fi when my four G signal does not catch. When that does not work, I


use Wi-Fi, especially when a customer pays digitally. I needed to


confirm I have received the payment. A digital payment worth about 30% of


my takings. This is music to the years of people managing the


railways of India. An industry that runs at a loss. They think that


high-speed Wi-Fi could be a good pool frustration might Jaipur. They


planned to build a huge concourse and attract retail and services


business. As Wi-Fi expands and it becomes taken for granted then I


think people will transfer more and more of their business. Jaipur is a


tourist hub of high repute. People come out here from all parts of the


world. And when you have a huge concourse it is an area where you


can have shops and entertainment. For Google, more people online as


more people to sell to. India's railway is the country's backbone.


Its public Wi-Fi is poised to be at least as far reaching.


Go and welcome to the week in Tech. It was the week that laptops and


other electronic devices larger than cellphones were banned from caverns


on US and UK bound flights, leaving from some African and Middle Eastern


countries. They start up hopes to be able to provide flights from London


to Paris by electric plane within ten years and faster than Concorde,


supersonic travel between London and New York could be back with flight


times of just three hours and 15 minutes. After the start-up, Boom


Supersonic gained $33 million in funding. An unarmed starved


convenience store has opened in Shanghai. Created by a Swedish


company, the always open never staffed by a human shop requires


using an app to enter, scam purchases and pay. Nasser is


creating an origami inspired robot that can flatten itself to fit into


small spaces. The robot can cope with extremely high temperatures


and, finally, if you could do anything in virtual reality, what


would it be? Well... If your answer was to play a game of catch with an


actual ball then you are in luck. Research have been examining how the


ball's path can be tracked, predicted and matched up in its


virtual view. Or... You could just play without the heads sect. --


headset. You may have noticed by now that the roads here are in India


are... Well... Utterly chaotic. What is ever more astonishing, consider


that so few people own a car here. There are just 32 motor vehicles per


1000 people in India. In the United States, there are 797. But that


number is changing and I'll tell you a secret, it is not going down. Look


at these roads. That is a scary thought. One solution could be to


make better use of the cars that are already on the road. Enter all cabs,


the biggest taxi reeling app, the Uber of India as you will. Or as


they say, Uber is the all of India. Founded back in 2010, three years


before Uber launched in India, they have taken full advantage of their


head start. They have historically been number one in India but the


Uber has said that that is changing. It looks like the battle for the Pat


Cash in India is only just beginning. These are the head


offices in silicon Valley of India, Bangalore. This is employee number


one. India is not designed to have many cars. What are the specific


needs of your customers and drivers? We made a platform that is not just


about cabs but about many other things in India. Supporting bikes,


electricity,... Different transport options. So that brings an a lot of


options for users. They say that it is better because it is local and it


knows what works in India. They offer things like walk-in centres


for drivers and being the first to allow drivers to pay by cash. Do


brew is coming into the Indian market. How are you different from


them? How will you stay ahead? There is a fundamental difference in the


way we operate. We believe in what we want and not what we have. Uber


plugging in things have worked well elsewhere. It is about the


connection that you make, not just about the transaction. Part of that


connection is offering centres like this. Here, drivers can talk


face-to-face with the company, for example Clark, like when they join


the service for training or if they have a problem, an issue with their


wages, for example. But they do not actually employee any of these


people. They call everybody here a partner. In reality, they are


self-employed. That means they do not get things like holiday pay and


they are responsible for maintaining their car and paying for fuel. The


flipside is that drivers can, in theory, set their own schedule and


work when they please. It is a controversial system that transport


and delivery companies around the world have used to keep costs down.


Despite this, all really, really wants drivers to drive. A lock. So


much so that there are carrots if you stay on the road and sticks if


you don't. What India really needs to focus on is to enable mobility


for a billion people. We need to leapfrog all sorts of impediments


and we need to promote share mobility, sustainable options, our


government is focusing in a big way on all vehicles. Ola is one of the


most successful start-ups to come out of the education sector. These


top-level universities are dotted across India and they are the


driving force behind many of India's technology successes. Getting into


IIT is a competitive business. Only a tiny fraction of applicants get in


in any year. But if you do, you get to work in incredible campuses like


this. My first appointment is at the


Olympic-sized swimming pool. Although it's not me who's taking a


dip... This is Matsia, named after the avatar of Vishnu, which takes


the form of a fish, it's a multipurpose underwater robot that


can operate autonomously, without a human controller, to make sounds,


and recognise, manipulate and grab objects. The team tell me it might


be used to find flight recorders from aircraft, although they're also


pitching it to the military to fire torpedoes. The project is in its


fifth year, and the team leader here tells me the work is hard,


We are giving everything you want... Like a race carg, or a satellite.


Brilliant! Is Matsia is one of 100 projects that have been supported by


IIT Bombay's society for innovation and entrepreneurship since 2004.


It's an umbrella for start-ups and, as with incubators everywhere,


you'll find all kinds of ideas bubbling away behind its doors. As


you might expect, there are aerial ideas, there are medical ideas, but


there are also musical ideas - which is why you find me making strange


noises with my face... Doooo-deeeee-ddoooooo. Very good.


There you go. You got some score over there. "Some score." If you do


better, your score will increase. Yeah, the worst karaoke India has


ever heard. But then, this singing training app is so much more than


normal karaoke-style games... Most karaoke apps do a very cursory kind


of evaluation of your singing. Some don't evaluate your singing, they


just have input - you open your mouth, you get a good rating. We do


a multidimensional evaluation of your singing on different aspects of


music - pitch, rhythm, dynamics, timing...


You asked for a hard exercise! Ehhhh-oooooh...


Eeeeeh-eeeeee-eeeeehhh... ECHOING


If my singing went right through you, I've got something upstairs


that will really cut to the bone. The Algo Surge team are working on a


system for surgeons to plan surgery. They've created software that's


learned to create a three-D model of bones from just two two-dimensional


X-rays. I can imagine, after a lot of experience, a bone - if I just


look at an X-ray, I can imagine it in three-D - can we do the same


thing with computers? A virgin can do it, because he has learned a lot


of correlation between X-ray data and the bone he sees in the surgery.


We use the same logic to develop the software. We have a machine-learned


algorithm which has learned the three-D of bones across the


population. We have created a lot of models from CT scan, and we use this


as a kind of database, and we create an algorithm to understand that


database in a particular array to predict X-ray images. These three-D


models also allow for tools and guides to be designed to the


patient's specific dimensions. For example, if a surgeon was preparing


to cut and realign legs. We have special, specific instrumentation


which uses the bone surface in three-D, and it is like a negative


of the three-D bone surface. If you make that part and print it in


three-D, and put it on the real bone, it will exactly fit. So what


we do is, we use that concept to cut, to make surgeon cut more


rapidly, so this part will be exact fit on the bone, but it will also


have a slit which will be aligned with the cutting plate. That slit


can be used during the surgery to guide cutting tool. Two X-rays are,


of course, cheaper than a full three-D CT or MRI scan and, once


again, it means patients can be assessed who can't get to a fully


kitted hospital. There's no surprise that many of the projects here


concentrate on low-cost, rugged solutions to developing world


problems. You may have come across Braille displays before, which allow


you to connect via Bluetooth to your Android tablet, then whichever menu


item is highlighted on the screen, the text is mirrors on the Braille


readt here, and you can control the navigation using up and down buttons


here. Well, this is a prototype Braille display called Braille Me,


which works in a slightly different way. The Braille displays currently


existing on the market are based on keiso-electric technology. Because


of that, the cost for these devices are around are $2,000 to deloo 3,000


each. We developed a completely new technology based on magnetics that


are able to reduce the cost by 10 times. So we can sell it to the user


at a price point around $300-$400. This machine needs to move for at


least 10 million cycles of movement, it needs to be quiet, have power,


and needs to be very precise. That is the challenge. This is the


Andumen Irdu Primary School in Calcutta. There are 155 kids here


from Grade 1 through to 7, and a whole bunch of dedicated teachers.


And this is how they start their day.


Over in Virjaya Nijak's classroom, things are a little more serious...


So, at the back of the projector, there's a device which is plugged in


and is running videos on English, maths and science. The videos are


made for the entire region. But then they're dubbed in different


dialects, different languages, depending on where they're sent to.


Today, we're learning about fractions.


It is great teaching tool - as long as there is electricity... But there


are plenty of times when there isn't.


Transthis is a valued school. Earlier, it would be difficult to


teach because of power cuts. As the day passed by in the afternoon, we


would have power cuts for more than two hours. That's why the projector


and tablet are hooked up to this box, which is itself attached to a


solar panel on the roof. Together, they can provide up to five hours of


electricity a day, meaning that classes don't have to be interrupted


or cancelled if the power cuts out. Then, we started using solar power,


as it is an easy and natural source of generating electricity. We have


introduced a studiy of generating power through solar energy to our


students, and are teaching them the importance and working of it. We


also explain to our students that this process will help us in the


future to generate electricity. This whole system has been provided by


the Selco Foundation, an Indian charity with the aim of hoping to


alleviate poverty by improving access to energy. With this, they


will get a better education through audiovisual teaching, and there is


no problem of electricity. So time teachers can take their students to


the classroom, they can teach through this medium. Selco and other


NGOs they work with pay for half of the cost of installing the projector


and solar system - the other half comes from local schools or local


governments. How important is the projector?


TRANSLATION: Before this project came in to use it, we had very few


students. But since, we have started using the solar power, our number of


students has increased in a good way. We have students coming to us


from different villages to learn, and not only students - we have


other schools coming down to our institute for smart classes. The


smart class is a good way of teaching kids these days. They seem


to enjoy and learn more than usual. After we introduced part? Class, our


school stands proudly in the educational sector. We plan to grow


larger as the years pass by. Cool. Whoa!


The same system is already in hundreds of rural schools, and


they're aiming to add hundreds more this year.


And it's not just key for schools - across rural India, businesses can


be helped massively by having a reliable power supply. Somana is a


seamstress who lives a short drive from Kindapur. She became the


breadwinner for her family after her father was taken ill. The more


clothing she can prepare, the more she gets paid. With her old method,


she could fix a couple of items per day. But thanks to the solar panel


on her roof, she can whiz through five or sext per day. Plus, she has


a fan, a TV and a light, so she can work earlier and later.


One-quarter of India's rural population lives below the official


population line - that's 260 million people whose livelihoods could be


improved by the addition of basic facilities like electricity. And of


course, one key way of helping people out of poverty is...

:23:46.:23:51. It's always such a privilege to come to a place like


this and see how the simplest technology can make a world of


difference. That's it from India for the moment. You can see plenty of


photos and more backstage gossip on Twitter. We live at:


Thanks for watching. See you soon. There will be some chilly


nights this weekend.


In the final episode of Click's special India season, how Google is turning the country's 163-year-old railway into a fibre optic network to bring internet to all. Plus a soon-to-be weaponised underwater drone and the 'Uber of India'.

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