Going Ape Click


Going Ape

Click meets performance capture legend Andy Serkis. Plus a review of the new Xbox One X and how weather forecasting can improve the outlook for African farmers.


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Transcript


LineFromTo

That is it from me. Duncan will be

here at two a.m.. But now on BBC

0:00:010:00:06

News it is time for Click. Goodbye.

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This week, we're talking emojis with

weather stations, Xbox, and Andy

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Serkis. If it feels like the weather

is getting weirder, that is because

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it is. In many parts of the world,

meteorological records seem to be

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coming year after year. And as gets

more erratic and extreme, the need

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for accurate forecast becomes vital.

This is the BBC's weather centre at

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new broadcasting house. This is

where they take their best guess at

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what the next two days will look

like. We kind of thing at the

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granted, these days, but as you

would expect, there is an awful lot

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of numbercrunching that goes on.

That is what that is doing right

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now. Hello Ben. You might recognise

them from the television. Ben is

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taking raw data from the Met Office

on the screen and then it into

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something more akin to what we see

on the television. It all goes to

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make other familiar weather map that

we and love. In the UK, each four

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kilometres square gets its own

individual forecast from the Met

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Office. But sling around to Africa,

and it is a very different story.

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Here, we are working at much lower

resolution. Squares here are only 25

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kilometres across. One of the

reasons is because data is

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particularly keen on the ground

here. Over the coming month or so,

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we will be looking at how technology

is changing this continent. To start

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our journey, Dan Simmons has

travelled to Tanzania to meet a chap

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who used to work here, but is now on

a mission to improve the forecast

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for Africa. Sub Saharan East Africa

is lush. The soil is rich. It is the

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end of a very wet rainy season. Two

wet for some farmers, who saw their

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crops rot. Angus and Asha farm here.

They say climate change has made it

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difficult to predict the seasons.

They have gone from drugs to flood

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in recent years, and have lost

harvests in both. Next door, Peter

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has been planting a type of runner

bean which can take as little as six

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weeks to grow.

In September to

October. The rainfall than is very

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harsh. It rushes the topsoil down

there.

But last season, he lost his

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entire crop to sudden heavy, early

rains. The farmers here know what

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they are doing. They just don't

quite know any more what the weather

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is up to. Former BBC weather

presenter and Dean Gardner, Peter

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Gibbs, wants to do something about

that, and he has found a pretty neat

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way to explain it to me.

I think you

are like this.

The big reveal... Oh

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my word! Wow! Look at this!

Is that

grand or what?

That is huge! That

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goes on forever, doesn't it?

This

gives you some idea of the scale of

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Africa. The drop here is about 1000

metres from where we are. No, no,

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no, that is close enough! From the

West Mountains where we're standing

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down to the mass I plan. We are

looking at hundreds of square

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kilometres. -- Masai Plain. Lots of

whether going on. You can see clouds

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building over in the distance.

Most

of its fund, as well...

Exactly.

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There are a lot of people farming

there, but no weather station you

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can see. So how do you do a good

forecast for here without the

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information? That is incredible.

Back in the UK, you would have, at

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least, half a dozen, Vaas 15 weather

stations in that sort of area.

So

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you can see the problem. -- perhaps

15. The satellites can do some of

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it. They can pick up some of the

clouds, but can only estimate the

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rain how much each plant can

produce. You need those measurements

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of the ground. Was the other

parameters, like temperature,

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humidity, and pressure... You know,

it is like any commuter programme.

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Garbage in, garbage out. Peter is

advising a start-up that wants to

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pepper Africa with these. They are

fully automated self reporting

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low-cost weather stations. They can

be monitored from anywhere, looking

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up to Africa's extensive mobile cell

network. They place their first

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station last year, and will have

more than 100 operating by

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Christmas. So what do we get on our

fully automatic weather station?

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Well, we have a bucket up here,

which measures rainfall. There is a

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little seesaw device out there which

goes backwards and forwards for

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every drip that comes through. That

tells us how quickly the rain is

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falling, as well as how much rain is

falling. And an anemometer a bit of

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giving us the wind speed and

direction by the then there at the

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top. -- vane. This is the solar

panel which powers the whole thing

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and is cleverly used to tell us how

much such an we're getting. Just

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behind this high kind of affair is

the temperature gauge. It also

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measures humidity and it is stuck in

there so it cannot be affected by

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direct sunlight or more heat coming

from the ground, which is dissipated

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by this housing. All of that data

need to be collected by a panel

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round at the back, which is sent to

this communications unit. It has a

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sink that works in every African

country. What some of us would do

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for one of those... And then it uses

this transmitter to send it all back

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to base. That goes back to Europe,

and then from the guys in Europe,

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they will produce a model, which

will give people back here a more

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accurate weather forecast. It is

already making a difference. Farmers

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like Peter Gant daily text alerts,

giving them a steer as to what to

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expect. This farmer told us his

texts have helped him decide when to

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add pesticides. -- Peter get.

Up to

80% yield increases. That makes the

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difference between eating to stay

alive and sending your children to

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school.

And it is not just the

personal impact. Health agencies can

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use forecast to predict outbreaks of

malaria or cholera. And insurers

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want to know they need to pay out on

policies. The Coco Belt in Africa is

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shifting. Investors want to know

where to and by how much.

Across the

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whole of Africa at the moment, there

are around 500, just 500, reliable

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reporting weather stations. To get

good coverage, or you need to get

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down to something closer. This is

fantastic to me that I feel I can

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make use of that experience, to

actually make a difference to

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people's lies.

That was Dan Simmons

with Peter Gibbs in Tanzania. We

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will have more reports from the

African continent later this month

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on Click. Microsoft boasts its new

XBox one X is the most powerful

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games console in the world! They

have stopped short of calling it the

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most powerful console in the Galaxy.

I suspect they are saving that

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accolade for the machine comes after

this one. But there is good reason

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for this talk of power. And that is

down to what lurks under the hood of

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this console. It has an eight core

processor. It has a fork a Blu-ray

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player thrown in as well. -- this

means that the machine can throw out

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4k graphics in high-definition. What

those numbers and specs mean is that

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it can generate better graphics than

the old XBox one S, which had a

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maximum resolution of 1080p. What it

does mean is that there is an

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incredible level of detail in the

graphics. Look at this Porsche I am

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driving in Porsche. I have bumped

and grace of a couple of times, and

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you can see every single debt and

Dean, every single bit of chipped

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paintwork. It is very detailed. --

Matt Abood. Some titles will be

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enhanced, like Rise of the Tomb

Raider. He has would be

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standardised. Microsoft says it is

up to developers to choose how they

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will use the brunt. -- Rise of the

Tomb Raider. This new digital

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virtuosity is great if you own a 4k

TV. But how do they achieve these

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graphics? Witchcraft? Or more

precisely, super sampling, a

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technique that allows all the detail

and information in a 4k image to be

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scaled down to fit into a 1080p

screen. It is a form of silicon

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sorcery. The new machine should

enjoy fast to load times and, unlike

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its 4k rival, the PlayStation four

Pro, is very advanced. This might be

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the biggest hurdle for the XBox one

X! Its price. And, as he gave the

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machine plays are essentially the

same as those on its most powerful,

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older sibling, the XBox one S, this

will probably appeal only to those

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with spare cash burning a hole in

their pocket, or those with a 4k TV.

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That casts gloom over everything,

doesn't it, lads?

Hello and welcome

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to the week in Tech. It has been a

bad week for Tesla as they reveal

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that they are months behind schedule

of production on a new model three.

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WhatsApp allowed a delete messages

for everyone function to allow users

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to retract comments after they have

said that. And Bitcoin reached a

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record high of one Bitcoin worth

over £5,000, up 8000% in the last

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year. Facebook and Twitter face a

grilling this week from US Congress,

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over possible Russian interference

in last you's election. It firms had

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to explain why they failed to

prevent foreign posts. I use it in

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comfortable in? Ford's new robot

certainly is. This contraption tests

0:12:520:12:58

cast is by moving like a passenger

by getting in and out of a vehicle.

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It sits thousands of times to create

the same wear and tear as achieved

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after ten years of use. This robopup

comes with artificial intelligence

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to learn what makes its own is

happy. The original can under

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scanned ten years ago to save the

Japanese giant cash.

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Whether you love them all loathe

them, it looks like imagine is I

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hear to stay -- emojis. So we have

been investigating the future of

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emojis. In case you missed it, the

new iPhones have been released this

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week but was it may be seen hard to

comprehend how a phone is worth

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$1000, it does bring with it are

quirky feature that says a lot about

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the way we will communicate in the

future. Emojis allows users to

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animate the expressions of a chosen

emojis. It tracks over 50 muscle

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movements to create the appropriate

expressions of and they are clearly

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not the only company that I thinking

in pictures. Action emojis... What

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has happened to good old-fashioned

words? Every day, six billion emojis

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yes. They have come a long way since

these, created by Japanese phone

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company in 1999. There are emojis to

satisfy your every need. Apple and

0:15:140:15:24

Google seem to be struggling what

order burger ingredients should be

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loaded in. Surely the meat at the

bottom! And on tender, you can throw

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a virtual drink on someone. While

some gestures are universally

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understood, not everybody interprets

every picture in the same way.

It is

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like a friendly keys.

That is

whistling. That is a bit confusing.

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Can you pout for me?

A kiss.

Something.

A secret.

I have nothing

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to say. Keep an eye out.

So is

facial recognition the future of the

0:16:120:16:23

humble emojis. A new social app

certainly hope so. Let's see the

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options. That is a pretty weird.

Wow. It also uses artificial

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intelligence to map facial

expressions, allowing them to

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respond with emojis replicating

their facial reactions. Snapchat

0:16:470:16:54

action emojis were launched a few

months ago. It combines GPS location

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and their tracking of our fast they

are moving to guess what they are

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doing at that moment and that will

now be placed on what they call the

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snap map. There is even a film,

raising over $211 million worldwide.

0:17:120:17:18

There is also a world emojis day.

Depending on context, what seems

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like a harmless picture could cause

offence. Something Instagram is

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trying to overcome. Nearly half

posted comments contained emojis

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said they had been listed a machine

to block anything they believe to be

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offensive. That is not to say they

can provide a bit of fun. What film

0:17:440:17:50

title is?

The lying King.

Apple

time... Pitch time...

Clockwork

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Orange.

So maybe they will have the

last work after all. That is

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amazing! Does this phrase look

familiar? How about this one? These

0:18:090:18:20

are some of the most iconic car is

in a modern cinema. All of them

0:18:200:18:25

created using groundbreaking

performance capture technology and,

0:18:250:18:30

although they do not look like it,

they are all the same face. And the

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circus is himself the world 's most

iconic performance capture actor.

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His latest role breathes an

astonishing amount of emotion into

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these character, calling for an

Oscar nomination by some. The

0:18:520:18:58

release of a new Sony PS for

platform extends the world 's of the

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planet of the apes. It is a decision

based game that plays out more like

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a cross between a movie and a choose

your own adventure. I sat down with

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them and behind the mask. You kind

of art the king of performance

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capture. To you believe that? You

have a movie coming out you have

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directed, videogames is not a love

it.

It is the most extraordinary

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tool for the 21st century actor, to

embody all play anything across

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multi- platforms. It is the end of

typecasting. It is the most

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egalitarian form of a thing. A

creature, a character, a humanoid.

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Bringing them into existence. The

art of transformation becoming, to

0:19:510:19:54

me, and different at this act in

different ways, but it drove me as

0:19:540:19:59

an actor. This technology allows you

to do that to the nth degree. It is

0:19:590:20:09

climbing deeply inside a character,

being that character and it can be

0:20:090:20:13

as extreme as King Kong.

You him,

you overseas.

I fight only to

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protect the AIDS.

Is the performance

that I am looking at what you gave

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on the day?

If you look at modern

filmmaking now, the amount of times

0:20:320:20:42

that you can take a blink out, you

can add it here is somebody is

0:20:420:20:48

supposed to be crying and they did

not manage to do it in the tag.

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Augmentation is at a crossover of

what you think you are seeing is

0:20:550:20:59

being real and in this day and age

visual effects are read every single

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shot of every movie, apart from

low-budget movies who cannot afford

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it. When we are being directed, the

director takes my performance and

0:21:090:21:18

then he cuts it with Woody's that is

what he lives with. They even start

0:21:180:21:32

testing movies with the faces in

them. It has to live or die on the

0:21:320:21:39

performance. The performance is not

created after the fact, it is the

0:21:390:21:47

manifestation of the performance

after the fact which is obviously

0:21:470:21:50

incredible visual effects and

artistry. Matt lives with the cut of

0:21:500:21:56

the entire movie.

Of all your

performance captured Ross, which

0:21:560:22:06

stand out as something monumental

happened here?

I have a very soft

0:22:060:22:17

spot for:. With Caesar, they have

played apart from birth all the way

0:22:170:22:25

through to death and not only just

growing older but the character

0:22:250:22:32

evolving from one thing into

another. Going from a pure

0:22:320:22:38

chimpanzee to almost human. The

technology that allows any actor to

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do that is all right by me.

The

legendary Andy circus. Before we go,

0:22:440:22:54

we have a tongue of click contact on

our Facebook page throughout the

0:22:540:23:00

week like this, showcasing research

from Switzerland which built a

0:23:000:23:05

curved concrete roof using new

building techniques. Algorithmic

0:23:050:23:12

calculations means less concrete and

fewer support structures are needed.

0:23:120:23:19

The researchers said the

manufacturing process uses a minimal

0:23:190:23:24

amount of concrete and support

structures of meaning less waste and

0:23:240:23:27

reduce the environmental impact. The

whole prototype weighs 20 tons with

0:23:270:23:33

just 100 kilograms of supporting

cables and textile.

They think with

0:23:330:23:39

resources disappearing and having

only one planet, we need to design

0:23:390:23:47

better and, as a structural

designer, I care about exactly that

0:23:470:23:51

and also showing that actually we

can make quite a big difference and

0:23:510:23:56

make exciting buildings that are not

wasteful but actually quite the

0:23:560:24:01

opposite. That do things much

better, much thinner, much more

0:24:010:24:07

integrated, much more efficient.

And

you can see more short stories from

0:24:070:24:12

the world of tack on our Facebook

page. Thank you for watching and we

0:24:120:24:18

will see you soon.

0:24:180:24:20

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