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Now on BBC News,
it's time for Click.
This week, spotting fake news and
debunking the people in power.
Wondering if the ruins. And
something wicked this week comes.
Going into space has long been the
dream of many a sci-fi fan and for
one BBC presenter that dream is
about to come true. In a world first
for the broadcast industry, Spencer
Kelly, who fronts the BBC technology
programme Click, has been accepted
by NASA to visit and report from
International Space Station. During
his stay onboard he will present
several episodes of Click. He says
he has always harboured ambitions to
leave planet Earth and will test how
the latest technology performs in
zero gravity. He says he looking
forward to the months of training
ahead of him.
That's not true. I'm
so sorry. That shouldn't be on the
autocue. That's my Christmas fantasy
That's fake news! We are
fighting the fake news. It's fake,
The fake media tried to
stop... Everyone is using the term
these days. The problem is it now
seems to mean anything from actual
lives to something you simply don't
agree with. And the technology world
is anguishing over how to use taught
that from fiction. From opinion,
from satire, from highly skewed and
misleading headlines... As a result,
fact checking organisations are now
working to counter the fake news of
that. The first draft coalition
operates around the world and in
Germany it is working alongside
journalists from a group to help
improve online transparency. In the
run-up to the recent election here
they published a daily news --
newsletter, looking at Storey
suspected to be false or misleading.
You look at an incident. Is what is
being claimed in the captions
descriptions what is actually being
insinuated? One which showed a
couple of maybe not traditional
northern European skinhead guys
waving passports. This was claimed
to be smug immigrants tramping all
over German people's feelings.
tweets said they were insulting
local Germans and provoking them.
Using simple tools such as reverse
image searches to verify the
original sources of videos and in
this case a facility called watch
frame by frame, journalists were
able to identify the street name.
The thing that helped me if there is
a police officer walking through the
video, back year.
After locating the
police court in question they were
able to get an eyewitness account of
what happened, not just in front of
the camera but also behind.
we discovered that behind the camera
there are like 100 people insulting
these three to four guys in the
They were if anything
debunked by the group involved what
looked like a number of Muslims
standing at a bus stop.
was, this is how Islamic society or
an Islamic stick society would look
like or does look like and we are
heading to this.
We are taking a
closer look at this... Narrowing
down where buses met, journalists
were able to pinpoint the spot and
the fact that the group had just
come out of a Christian church.
confirmed that they were refugees
and they know the guys in the BDO
and they were just coming back from
a baptism and they were trying to
celebrate the baptism and were just
heading for lunch.
So this was
really misleading information and
trying to manipulate people and make
them worried about whether we are
overruled by other cultures.
problem is that anything can look
believable when it is published
online. And there is an ongoing
debate about whether the platforms
on which the stories are published
should be the ones to police them.
Making sure that quality content and
quality journalism is on top is a
big mission. So that's why we work
very closely with fact checking
organisations and media
organisations around the world. Just
a couple of months ago we changed
our ads policy around misleading
The ends are fighting
the rising tide of fake news, one
thing is for certain. Ultimately we
are going to need an automated fact
checking system. Back in the UK, a
stones throw from Westminster lies
full fact. This is an organisation
that first came to the public
attention around the time of the EU
referendum. These guys have some
pretty interesting fact checking
tools. In this session of Prime
Minister's Questions, the group is
verifying claims using a mixture of
manual and automated fact checking.
One of the automated tools being
developed looks at the trends behind
a claim such as where and how many
times any statement was repeated.
Another tool will take text from TV
subtitles and check it off in real
time against reliable databases,
such as the office of national
statistics. Using a combination of
AI and machine learning, the
algorithm will perform calculations
and check facts with primary
sources. Eventually it could be used
in a scenario such as this.
are 10,000 more training places
available for nurses in the NHS, but
the right honourable gentleman...
That's not right. That's an ambition
for 2020 it is currently not true.
How cool would it be to debunk
claims like that on the spot? At the
system would be able to challenge
more subtle claims with lots of
caveats, such as the statement of
the NHS is in crisis. Nor will it
provide simple yes and no answers.
GDP is rising. It's kind of like
shazam full-backs. -- for facts. The
tool that I most excited about is
the text checking. When somebody is
talking live and it takes you in
real time to the primary sources. So
if a journalist is in a press
conference or if they are
interviewing someone, they can see
straightaway if there is something
that the person in front of them has
said is true or false, which is
I so want that.
Have you used it? I haven't used it
in anger yet.
When will it be ready?
It's ready now, but it can only do
one sentence at a time.
public figures will have to change
the way they behave?
debate that can happen eventually
without hitting on numbers and its
port and they are correct and aren't
being neglected. That's the place we
are starting from in the world we
want to create.
From fakery of news to fakery of
images now. That's not exactly the
spin that Adobe would like us to put
on the way its products are used,
but at an event in Las Vegas it has
just unveiled some pretty nifty
tools to do just that. We sent
Richard Taylor along to have a look.
12,000 creatives under one roof, all
geared up to find out what's next
from the up that literally invented
photo shopping. The arms are, AI as
we've never known it before. -- the
answer. Take this image of Denver
where an entire neighbourhood is
expunged in a flash and replaced
with something more aesthetically
pleasing, instead of just trying to
fill in the area with surrounding
pixels the software can now extract
meaning from the image and make a
substitute from its library of 100
million others. A similar principle
is at play here. The plaster now
intelligently removed as the
software can understand the
protrusion in the middle of
someone's face as a nose. And see
you want to remove something or
someone from a video. Right now you
could try it frame by painstaking
frame. The chance is the result
would look crude. But this demo is
real. A research product we may see
in a future version of Adobe's
Redox. In this era of fake news the
invocations of being able to easily
fool your audience are of course
potentially troublesome, but Adobe
is more interested in the creative
We are trying to
reimagine the entire creative
process so you can create the way
you want. Machines can see patterns
and possibilities that we may not be
able to see immediately.
AIA should allow creatives more time
for artistic expression and to be
creative rather than doing boring
and repetitive tasks. -- AI. They
say the creative process should be
more efficient and AI can
potentially even second-guess our
next moves. To illustrate, check out
this photo shop at a type which has
Adobe's gritty creative resistance
Find some images based on
And within seconds,
others Sapir based on your very
rough sketch of a woman in a
spaceship. What you might we
thinking all of this is pretty
similar to the AI used by Google and
We have decades and decades
of understanding of how people use
our tools. When one of the best
creative artists launches photo shop
and they know what's creatively
pleasing and aesthetically pleasing,
we are learning from that. So we are
not training on just images of cats
or dogs, we are training with the
world's best people.
impressed at how the AIA could for
example take an image of me and
within seconds returned matches and
then further refine them. -- AI. The
TEC also understands 3D, you don't
have to be another is the do
understand it. Few people would
argue AI is fantastic in terms of
creating efficiencies, at
overreliance on our machines instead
of amplifying the creative process
could eventually end up supplanting
I actually don't think so.
Creatives are distracted by all of
the things that take multiple steps,
make them suddenly moved out of a
right brain mode into a procedural
left brain mode. I think AI and are
being this news at the elbow.
that's the prevailing view amongst
creatives here, keen to embrace the
possibilities of an AI world.
Welcome to the week in TEC. It was
the week that the Hawaiian city of
Honolulu began fining people might
$9 for paying too much attention to
their smartphone while crossing the
road. Microsoft announced it has
stopped manufacturing its motion
sensing controller. And Japanese
company Toyota showed up a concept
car with the airbags on the outside
in Tokyo. Meanwhile, Nissan revealed
the artificially created noise its
electric cars will permit. US
authorities are insisting all hybrid
and electric cars will have to emit
sound for safety reasons. Amazon now
wants to enter its customers homes
when making deliveries. The system
is called Amazon Key. Trustworthy
types who sign up will allow
deliveries to be left inside their
homes. Suspicious people will be
able to view the delivery on a smart
camera that they've left at home.
What could possibly go wrong? And
creepy or cute? You decide. Sony has
developed a new winking robot
assistants. The robot communicate
with users using endearing gestures.
It is hoping the cuteness will
challenge Amazon's Echo range. And
researchers at Harvard have
developed a tiny robot that can swim
and flight. It is flapping wings
argues to propel it around when it
is underwater. The creators hope one
day similar technology could be used
in search and rescue robots.
This is art in the 21st-century.
Trust me, it is.
And it actually looks and sounds
great when you are standing in the
middle. I'm thinking it has a
specific sound. The buzzing sound is
the electric current that lights the
LED is and it is being translated
into a kind of compositional
concert. It's got its own groove to
it. I like it. This week I'm
wandering the halls of a brand-new
installation in the heart of London.
It's called Everything At Once. And
if it doesn't actually have
everything, it certainly has a lot.
It's a mixture of dynamic works like
the black pot and static pieces by
renowned artists like Ai Weiwei and
a niche Cabu. There are also
faceless voices describing their
near death experiences. -- Anish
I was in hospital and my
heart stopped beating.
centrepiece of the exhibition is
even more unsettling. I'm about to
be subjected to intensely fast
flashing images. Now, if you'd
rather not see them, please look
away now and come back in a couple
of minutes. Because I'm about to
walk through and in test pattern
number 12. It's by a Japanese
electric artist. The experiences
overwhelming. The video moves that
more than 100 frames a second and in
fact we've had to doctor our footage
in order to be allowed to show it on
TV. The video frame rate is so high
that the black and light is
flickering incredibly fast. I can
actually see colours in between the
black and light, they're moving so
fast, there's greys, I'm starting to
see yellow and red, maybe that's
just because my eyes are exploding,
I don't know. Ikeda has taken
digital files and broken them down
into their native zeros and ones.
It's these binary patterns that are
then blasted onto the viewer. After
that, time for a drink in a
nightclub called Ruin. Only it looks
like I've arrived after the after
Now, earlier we were looking at
attempts to combat fake news and so
often these days that means the US
elections, Russia and the like. But
it's actually a problem all around
the world in different ways. David
Reid has been looking at the
particular issues in India.
This summer mob violence in the
eastern state of dark and was
sparked by a rumour on WhatsApp that
child abductors were targeting a
tribal community. The story wasn't
true but still seven people died in
violence. It doesn't take much here
for long simmering conflicts to boil
over and fake news like this can be
just the trigger for it. Stories
like these are very powerful and can
potentially threaten India's often
temperatures communal relations. So
much so that now even the police are
getting involved in tackling fake
I visited one of the country's mein
cyber crime units in Hyderabad, the
capital of the southern state of
telling Ghana. Here cyber cops are
worried about the threat to law and
order by fake stories with the
potential to spark riots. Police
here in best false and inflammatory
stories, try to get them taken down
and then attempt to prosecute those
producing them, but much of India's
fake news is spread through the
mobile communication platform
WhatsApp and because it's encrypted,
for police here it's a wall.
appears to be a communication
problem with WhatsApp, we try with
WhatsApp and they say it's not a
messaging facility. We need a date
and time stamp to prove a case, so
that's also not there.
Something like 200 meal and people
in India use WhatsApp. For some the
story shared on the platform are
there only or main source of news.
If the police are hitting a road
black tarmac block with WhatsApp's
end to end encryption, others are
trying to utilise fake stories by
debunking them. This man is based in
Gujarat. This website out News roots
out and reveals what's wrong on the
My guess is it often starts on
WhatsApp because those who put it on
WhatsApp know it's difficult to
track them down. The people who
circulate these videos, they are
very well aware that it's a fake
video. There's no doubt.
this one purported to show a woman
being killed in India by a Muslim
It's one of the most grotesque,
stomach churning videos you will
But the harrowing incident it
the Picts actually took place in
This video was easy
to debunk. For a lot of videos what
we do is break it up into friends,
we use Google reverse image search
and the first Google result is that
of this girl who was killed in
Guatemala. She was accused of being
an accomplice in a murder, she got
caught in a mob and she died.
yet many who saw the video took its
claims to be true. The reason is
that in India hundreds of millions
are encountering the Internet for
the first time and they lack the
media literacy to assess if the news
is actually true.
We have more than
400 million mobile Internet users.
50% of them are using WhatsApp.
WhatsApp is the main medium for
promoting the fake news. But how
many people are aware of the stuff
they are forwarding weather it is
true or not and weather it's a
problem or not, we are not equipped
to deal with that and this is an
epidemic like situation.
early days for the Internet in India
and as police and journalists battle
the fake content that can trigger
conflict, many are still prone to
manipulation from the lies in their
inbox. That was David in India.
Now, with Halloween fast
approaching, there are plenty of
scary movies around but none of them
will be as immersive as a virtual
reality horror show. And that's the
event that we've sent Nick quip to
in Covent Garden.
On the way to see a film, a movie,
but not as we need know it, in
virtual reality. I think this is 68
A common not your standard cinema.
Cinemas, downstairs. There's people
down there wearing VI headsets.
Virtual reality film is super
exciting but right now you can only
enjoy it in the comfort of your own
home and it's not a social
experience, we want to bring people
together so they can enjoy BR with
their friends, family and partner.
Where am I sitting? Excellent. Can
we get any popcorn? Up and over...
Popcorn, excellent. Everyone ready
Let's do it! Showtime!
Scary suburbia. I'm looking down, I
don't have any legs or anything, I'm
not a person... I've been directed
to go down the debt. Oh my goodness!
That is It down the drain. Are just
left that scene.
Look behind you...
A bit unnerving!
Someone has just
appeared in front of me. OK.
got a collection of films five to
ten minutes each and we're showing
them back-to-back in A40 minute
them back-to-back in A40 minute
It's, it the firstly are
cinema pop-up and it's not cutting
hardware but they have got custom...
People can have the shared cinema
experience of being shocked all at
the same time.
Lies is not good. This is going to
end well, this is going to end very
I'm burning alive. With several
showings starting at the top of the
hour, the headsets need to be taken
away for charging. It's all very
pop-up. But the chaps hope it will
get another hearts racing so they
can open up a permanently are cinema
later this year. Is this all just a
This is kind of a
nightclub in Glasgow. OK, that's
horrendous. Horrendous! That's
Actually it was quite fun to
bring a group of friends together.
To go out and have a shared
experience, another group is coming
in right now? OK.
We'd better be on our
way. Nick Kwek, always up for an
experience and regularly needing a
lie down after a shoot because of
it. That's it from me Ruin for this
week, don't forget we live on
Facebook and Twitter throughout the
week, @BBCclick is where you'll find
us. Thanks for watching and we'll
see you soon.