Law and Order: Dubai Click


Law and Order: Dubai

Click is in Dubai meeting the newest members of the police force, police bots. Plus a hospital where surgeons are using augmented reality in surgery.


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Transcript


LineFromTo

That's it from me. Duncan will be

here at 2am.

0:00:000:00:04

Now

on BBC News, Click.

0:00:040:00:08

This week, robo cops, accessible

togs and surgery goggles.

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Welcome to give by, the desert

kingdom where there is no such thing

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as too much cash to buy. This city

has spent more than a decade making

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a name for itself for the outrageous

buildings it's created. But now it

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seems it wants to be known for

technology too. A while ago I paid

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it a visit during its Drones for

Good challenge and met some of the

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local innovators who Dubai hopes

will contribute to its new tech

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power image. But groans aren't the

only thing is taking to the skies.

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This hover bike designed for the

police force may one day be whizzing

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police officers to the scene of a

crime. Copper chopper anyone?

The

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officers can be using the hover

bikes across the city to provide a

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service and a fast response.

And

these weren't the only high-tech

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additions to the force. Back in May

the Dubai police got some new

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recruits and these weren't your

ordinary newcomers, and these guys

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were made of the hard stuff, and

Kate Russell went to meet them.

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Like so much of Dubai's over the top

ambition, the police force wants to

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be seen to be using the latest crime

prediction and surveillance

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technology to watch over the people.

We have our cameras, our drones,

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our... We are going into a

science-fiction movie.

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Artificial intelligence based

predictive crime systems, autonomous

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patrol vehicles and unmanned police

stations are just a few of their

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futuristic initiatives.

I am a

humanoid service robot...

Plan to be

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God in all of Dubai's neighbourhoods

are the world's first smart police

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stations which will be completely

unstaffed. Citizens can pot in for a

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safe driving lesson, a quick coffee

or even to report crimes. They can

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meet Dubai's own Robocop. But unlike

the movies... Hello... He will kill

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you with kindness.

You have really

pretty eyes.

I think I'm getting hit

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on by a robot! Do you think I'm

beautiful?

Yes. I love talking with

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you.

Thank you.

You are absolutely

astoundingly gorgeous. It's the most

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interesting thing about you. Myer

sensors detect the paparazzi among

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us. Guess who it is?

It's him. Flirting aside, the head

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of artificial intelligence for Dubai

police seize the future with AI and

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Robotics very much at its heart.

Behind it is the artificial

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intelligence, so it can see you, it

has facial recognition so it can

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identify the person and sent all the

live feeding to the command and

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control system. We have a project

for what we called the Dubai Eye

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where we have integrated all the

CCTV cameras across the city and on

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top of that we're going to build

smart system where it has facial

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recognition. It's so difficult to

monitor more than 10,000 cameras in

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the city, so we have a system where

it can analyse live feeds from those

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cameras and it can also predict all

kinds of activities, especially the

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ones of people.

Although this

unmanned facility currently still

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needs a human on conference call

when it comes to reporting a crime.

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I would like report a crime. There

is a robot here and he's stolen my

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heart.

He's stolen your heart?

My

heart.

Your heart? !

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We've recently seen Chicago PD's

crime predicting algorithms and now

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Dubai's police are turning their

focus to preventing crimes before

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they even happen.

This application

analyses crime and tries to predict

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where and when the next crime will

happen in the future.

Another one of

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the smart services offered to

citizens in Dubai is the ability to

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register if you have a history of

cardiovascular problems. You can see

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on the map there represented by

hearts. This means that when an

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ambulance is called it will

instantly know that it could be

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attending a heart attack victim man

they say that this has allowed them

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to reduce the number of fatalities

by more than 50%.

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That's an impressive statistic, but

is this widespread surveillance

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reminding anyone else of a certain

sci-fi film?

People are going to

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equate this to Minority Report, what

on protocols do you have in place to

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make the data issues and ethical

issues raised in the future? We

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don't predict who will commit a

crime, we predict where it will

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happen and how it will happen.

With one in three crimes being

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successfully predicted this time

last year, the benefits of using

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artificial intelligence are, well,

predictable.

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What's more surprising is that the

drone team here in Dubai would like

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to see it taken even further. They

believe they can use drones to spot

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a potential criminal by analysing a

person's vital signs.

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Like so many of Dubai's big plans,

all this stuff seems to have one

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foot in ambitious reality and the

other in well-intentioned fantasy.

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It's a place worth keeping an eye

on, though, and you can be very sure

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they'll be keeping an eye on us.

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Now, we've all been hearing about

the dangerous effects of Knox, the

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nitrogen oxide that spewed out by

diesel cars, and we do now know that

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some big car manufacturers have been

lying to us for years about how much

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pollution their cars and surely

produce. It's a subject that was

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back in the limelight last week when

a new Netflix documentary reminded

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us all about the length VW went to

cover up its reading of emissions

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tests, that included commissioning a

study that subjected monkeys to

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diesel fumes to try to improve their

vehicles' rink and ensures.

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It's since been revealed humans were

also deliberately exposed to toxic

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exhausts. -- green credentials.

TRANSLATION:

I condemn the emissions

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tests on animals and people, which

were, according to available

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information, co-ordinated by the

automotive industry. I don't have

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any sympathies for this, these tests

were apparently solely aimed for PR

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purposes of the car industry and

we're not going to accept this.

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As the German government and the

manufacturers involved tried to

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distance themselves from the toxic

study, we all have to live with the

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diesel cars already on our roads.

But Kat Hawkins has been looking at

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Suntech that might help us to

produce less of the killer fumes.

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I'm driving around central London

with Lincoln drop. But instead of

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sitting back and enjoying being

credible city skyline is, I can't

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quite rest easy because the app

we're using for navigation is also

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telling us how much nitrous oxide

and carbon dioxide our car is

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spitting out in the real-time. It's

called air.com and Lincoln is part

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of the team behind it.

Knox is a

silent killer, it's far worse than

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CO2 and everything we can do in

order to reduce the amount of Knox

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people it into the air is good for

the nation's health, good for the

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environment and we think we can help

people to reduce the amount of

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knocks they produce as they drive.

The app works by plugging in a small

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diagnostics device into the car.

This takes data points from the

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engine and runs algorithms that have

been designed by scientists at

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Imperial College London. What we're

looking at here is essentially an

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engine you would find in a car?

That's right. It's a relatively old

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diesel engine by today's standards

but it's been updated with a lot of

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technology to measure what's going

on in detail, so we have lots of

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sensors dotted around the engine.

And it's got this external unit

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here, which you would never find on

a car, and that's to modify the

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turbo boost pressure. What we're

doing in the calculation algorithms

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is taking a whole load of engine

data and using machine learning

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techniques to understand and be able

to calculate what the NOx emissions

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would be.

This comes at an important

time for the streets of London, with

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decisions being made at City Hall to

try to combat how much pollution the

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once named Big Smoke produces, and

cars, said to be responsible for a

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quarter of global energy-related

carbon emissions, are the target.

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Last October the Mayor of London

Sadiq Khan brought in a new charge

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that means more polluting vehicles

now have to pay twice the amount to

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drive in central London. This means

cars registered before 2006 or fall

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below the minimum carbon emissions

star gets now have to pay £10 to

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drive into that congestion zone, and

that's on top of the £11 50 already

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in place. This piece of tech could

be a fairer system for drivers.

I

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always think... My daughter, when

she was growing up she had to go to

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Great Ormond Street Hospital on a

number of occasions, it was a number

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of repeat visits and it was right in

the centre of London and we had to

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drive. There was no alternative

solution that we could have taken. I

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think people who behave like that

should have the opportunity for

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paying less.

They think this is the

future. Drivers being encouraged to

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drive more efficiently by being

given financial incentives for doing

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so. This could be done by changing

gears at the right time or actively

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not driving in sensitive areas, such

as near hospitals or schools. And at

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the moment they're using the data

collected from the tests done at

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Imperial to come up with an estimate

of how a charging system could work.

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Lincoln's shown us today that he's a

very considerate driver who actually

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thinks about the night was oxide his

car's producing, but he did read the

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engine a couple of times just to

show us how the technology works and

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what happened now is he has a charge

of around £5. It said a lot less

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than the £10 would be. Still £5 when

he leaves the congestion zone today.

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As governments grapple with lowering

emissions and creating cleaner

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streets, it will be at slight

air.car that will be able to

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capitalise on the decisions being

made.

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Hello and welcome to the week in

tech. It was the week that Facebook

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announced its banning all ads for

crypto currency. The word ransomware

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has been added to the Oxford English

dictionary. And Amazon has patented

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a wristband that could keep track of

workers' movements. It'll also

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provide haptic feedback to alert the

wearer when they're reaching for the

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wrong inventory bin. Meanwhile

fitness tracker map Strava has

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caused alerts. Military personnel

around the world has been sharing

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their exercise routines on them,

inadvertently highlighting foreign

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military bases in countries such as

Syria and Afghanistan. And ten

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months after its release the

Nintendo switch has already outsold

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its predecessor the Wii U, a sign of

relief all Nintendo I'm sure as the

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Wii U was considered a commercial

failure and discontinued. Engineers

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at Caltech have built a fully

autonomous robot that mimics a bat

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in-flight. It has a new flexible

wing design that apparently makes it

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more energy-efficient than other

flying robots. And finally, Elon

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Musk's boring company unveiled a

flamethrower. At $500 is the perfect

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weapon for a zombie apocalypse.

Great idea or will it go up in

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flames?

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Now, Fashion Week season is upon us.

New York next week will kickstart

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the most important month in the

calendar of the fashionista, as I

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well know. But there is a group of

people who do not see themselves

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reflected, people with disabilities.

London Fashion Week last year made

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some progress went to disabled

models opened the show for one of

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the designers. Now a New York

fashion school is hoping to continue

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bike into -- combining tact and

fashion by designing bespoke clothes

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for people with disabilities. Paul

Carter visited them. Buying close is

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something most people take the

granted. You like it, you try Tony,

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you buy it. But what if your choice

is a much more limited because of an

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impairment or disability. I have

come to a fashion lab here in New

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York were using tech to make fashion

more accessible. Open Style Lab was

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established to make clothing for

disabled people which was both

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functional and fashionable.

Operating in part to ship with

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Parsons School of Design, they have

combined with many to solve these

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problems.

Our goal is to make style

accessible for people with many

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abilities. Disability, injury or

facing ageing. By 2025, through

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design and technology.

A year ago I

was looking for a code I could put

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on without the use of my arms. Seven

years ago, my arms became paralysed

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and I needed a New York winter coat.

I was one of the participants in

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Open Style Lab or a semester and I

fell and of the permit and became a

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board member this year.

The team has

action -- access to a wide range of

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tech to assist in the design process

in the design process and the

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clothing they create. I went to meet

some of the people end of this

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fashion innovation.

I am an adult

survivor of paediatric cancer and it

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used to be called a core domain

amputation I think, they take part

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of your arm, a bit of the

collarbone. They are designing a

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bag, I guess, that doesn't carry

exactly like a backpack and that

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doesn't destroy my shoulder.

Jason

Da silver has multiple sclerosis and

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difficulties with speech. It is

designed team are creating a shirt

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with integrated microphone and

loudspeaker to amplify his voice.

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They are creating a sensor systems

so I can talk louder than I would

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normally. It's a speaker system for

people to use. It's pretty savvy,

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actually. Integrating it into...

Into my wheelchair. There is going

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to be a headset or somebody just to

speak with me.

He has an armrest

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with space on it. He has the Crown

surrounding his head. It might be

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that is where it is placed. We are

looking at options for wearables

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extending from the body.

An emerging

area in fashion design being

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utilised by Open Style Lab is

conductive fabric. This is material

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which can be stitched into clothing

to create working circuits and

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garments. Allowing switches in

clothing which can be used to

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operate inbuilt items like lights,

heaters and electric motors.

This

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one, I haven't moved it on but what

it's doing is using a

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microcontroller chip and I've asked

it to do the same thing, the

0:18:010:18:05

conductive fabric inside, so when

you touch one of the pockets, it

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will send a signal and I did it for

the microcontroller to send a signal

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if it is left or right and these are

some of the Pope -- prototypes which

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were made a woman with breast cancer

to see the range of motion so this

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is one of my first iterations of

putting on the chip and using

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conductive thread is to figure out

how the circuit moves inside a

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garment.

Completed projects created

by Open Style Lab in the past

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include a waterproof jacket shaped

to fit a wheelchair user and a

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seamless top for a young girl

hypersensitive to stitching because

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of autism. The work shows what can

be done when technology and lateral

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thinking me to social need. With a

bit of luck, fashion of the future

0:18:490:18:53

will all be designed with this much

style. The trend the home monitoring

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devices to help us feel safe as

houses has evolved over the past

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couple of years. We have seen them

upping their game, adding facial

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recognition and customised alerts

but I've met a company adding

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artificial at -- intelligence to the

mix. Each house member represented

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by one of these stick people, more

hi-tech than usual, their body

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proportions and skin colour, the way

they walk, all of those factors

0:19:260:19:30

built in to differentiating them

from everyone else. Mostly they will

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be carrying out similar activities.

They will become the normal things

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for them to do so anything out of

the ordinary, that is when the alert

0:19:390:19:43

will start. Like when an elderly

relative falls or that well-known

0:19:430:19:48

issue of when someone trips over the

dog. Cherry Home aims to track

0:19:480:19:57

people and pets movements. Also

employing artificial intelligence to

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interpret that data into information

on what anyone is doing at any given

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time. Sound creepy? With alerts like

this, some might think so the Deacon

0:20:070:20:12

Taylor the notifications as you see

fit. The homeowner can then select

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who is going to receive the alerts

through the app. There is a choice

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as to whether you want to be able to

see this video movement or see it in

0:20:210:20:26

some rooms are not others or whether

you only want to receive an alert

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when something has happened. But is

this really what people want?

We

0:20:300:20:36

initially provide a lot of

information but it ended when we

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lost one of our test customers. They

didn't want to continue after we

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told the husband something about the

wife or vice-versa so we learned the

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hard way that it is a bad idea to

get into the couple 's relations. So

0:20:510:20:58

instead of helping husbands care

about wives or wives care about

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husbands, we help both of them care

about who they normally care, like

0:21:030:21:09

kids, pets and parents.

So if this

software can identify people and

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what they are doing, then it could

prove useful for controlling the

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Smart home. To start with, though,

checking all is well in your house

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but not spying on your partner seems

to be a reasonable place to start.

0:21:220:21:34

This now, recently we have seen a

couple of interesting ideas on

0:21:340:21:39

medical visualisation is. One was a

pill sized sensor which can be

0:21:390:21:43

swallowed and gives real-time

information on the gas content of

0:21:430:21:48

your digestive system. Excuse me.

Two years ago I watched the world's

0:21:480:21:53

first VR surgery were medical

students are invited to observe the

0:21:530:21:58

operation in action. The main

selling point of this in mercy of

0:21:580:22:02

virtual reality is it puts you into

places you would rarely get to

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experience.

Unless you are scrubbed

in, you are not touching the

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patients. In another room, looking

over the surgeon's shoulder but with

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this, you are looking on top of the

patient and seeing what the surgeon

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is doing.

Since then, surgeon in

charge Shafi Ahmed has moved on to

0:22:200:22:31

the new lens. The data from the

patient's scans is also overlaid,

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allowing them to consult on the

operation. Research is at Imperial

0:22:350:22:39

College London are looking at the

VR, to enhance the surgeon's ability

0:22:390:22:46

to visualise some of the hard to

perform operations. The team used

0:22:460:22:51

medical scan results to create

visualisation is of bones and blood

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vessels and muscles. Surgeons with

headsets can see the schedules

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overlaid on the patients in the

theatre.

The first time I used this,

0:23:000:23:05

it blew me a rave. It's an

extraordinary new way of seeing the

0:23:050:23:09

world around you and interacting

with it. We were acutely aware of

0:23:090:23:14

wearing a headset. It's a heavy

device for a long period so some of

0:23:140:23:18

the feedback, maybe it's just

selected components of the surgery.

0:23:180:23:22

Not all the time. There might be

that one moment where you need that

0:23:220:23:27

level of precision.

At the moment it

is still being trialled in research

0:23:270:23:31

hospitals. The hope is this sort of

visualisation Tech will improve

0:23:310:23:36

overall position and recovery time.

There is always a lot of initial

0:23:360:23:43

excitement about this technology but

what we need to show is that it

0:23:430:23:46

saves time, it gives better patient

outcomes and ultimately is something

0:23:460:23:53

we cannot just do in specialist

centres but we can roll out to other

0:23:530:23:57

hospitals.

And you can check out our

website on Facebook page for more

0:23:570:24:02

short films on a new tack. That's it

from us by now. Don't forget, we

0:24:020:24:10

live on throughout the week on

Facebook and on Twitter @BBCClick.

0:24:100:24:20

Thanks for watching and we will see

you soon.

0:24:200:24:24

A comprehensive guide to all the latest gadgets, websites, games and computer industry news.

Click is in Dubai meeting the newest members of the police force, police bots. Plus a hospital where surgeons are using augmented reality in surgery.


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