Zeinab Badawi presents international news and intelligent analysis going live to the heart of the day's top global story. Plus up-to-the-minute global business news.
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Thousands of Egyptians lose patience with the country's interim
military rulers as protesters stream into Cairo's Tahrir square.
The escalating protests raise pressure on the military to
handover power sooner than they are Welcome to GMT. I'm Zeinab Badawi.
Also in the programme: Turkey's President Abdullah Gul on a state
visit to Britain says Syria has reached a dead end and that change
is intevitable. And we speak to the the African American writer who
appeared on TV next to an anti immigration party leader and turned
It's 1230 here in London. 7.30 in New York and 2.30PM in Cairo where
the popular discontent with the generals who replaced Hosni Mubarak
has escalated. The protests are growing in Cairo and also spreading
to other cities in Egypt. The showdown between the generals and
the pro democracy protesters has already turned violent. And there
are fears the frustration could again lead to clashes with the
security forces. Around 30 people have already died in the past few
days. Humphrey Hawksley has the latest.
During the morning, more and more filled to the square. And the crowd
parted to allow the injured to go to hospital. Higher risk tactics of
hide and seek. All the time, they test the resolve of the police.
Here, police used tear gas against protesters. One of picks it up,
runs towards them and hurls it back. A small strike against the security
forces they demand become accountable to civilian rule. The
numbers of injured and killed are mounting. They fired a shotgun
cartridge, he says, and it hit the person with me directly in the face.
Just a few months ago, the army was hailed as Egypt's saviour and its
head courted both at home and abroad but no more. Egypt is
exactly the same as it was in January. This is not what we fought
for. 12,000 civilians have been tried by courts. People complain.
People used freedom of expression and are detained. A view underlined
by those in the square. TRANSLATION: Our demands are
reforming the constitution, the Cabinet stepping down and having a
civil democratic government. insist that the armed forces gives
us a date on which they will hand over power to an elected official.
As the army and rolls on razor wire, it has asked for emergency dialogue
with all parties. The Moslem Brotherhood has agreed to the talks.
There is unity here on what needs to go but little detail on what
exactly will replace it and how and the dangers of getting it wrong.
That report by Humphrey. We now want to take you live to Tahrir
Square in central Cairo. You can see that the crowds have been
massing, and more and more are streaming in by the our. Very keen
to make sure that the ruling military council is aware of their
growing frustration and anger, and this isn't just happening in Cairo.
Are there are also protests in other major centres in Egypt like
Alexandria, and in the past three days, since these protesters have
reappeared in Tahrir Square, we have seen 26 people who have been
killed in the clashes between the pro-democracy protesters and the
security forces. The BBC's Lyse Doucet is in Tahrir Square. She
witnessed first-hand the street battles taking place there. This is
the main point of tension in Tahrir Square. Protesters are moving down
the street towards the police headquarters. There were running
battles here yesterday. As you can see, its continuing again. You can
feel the tear-gas in the air. This is the focal point of protest now.
And they are moving down this road. A key junction for the this leads
to the headquarters of the police. It has been a target of protests
and rock throwing by these protesters, who accuse police of
the brutality. This is where we have seen battles between police
and protesters. It's happening now. Watch the crowds going. Any minute
now, we expect the tear-gas to be fired. Day after day, hour after
Allott, this is the politics of Egypt now in Tahrir Square. This
confrontation between protesters and the police -- hour after hour.
We are getting reports from Egypt that the head about ruling military
council is expected to make a statement on TV some time on
Tuesday. Let's take a look at some of the other stories making
headlines around the world today. The Tunisian newly elected assembly
is holding it's inaugural session, ten months after the popular
uprising forced the former president Zein al-Abedine Ben Ali
into exile. The assembly is tasked with shaping a constitution and a
democratic future for the country country that sparked the Arab
Spring uprisings.The assembly has a year to write the constitution
before new elections are held Syria's UN envoy has labelled a UN
draft resolution as a declaration of war. The report, which condemns
the Syrian government's conduct against protesters, was created by
Germany, Britain and France and submitted to the UN General
Assembly's human rights committee. And in Libya new pictures have
emerged of Saif al-Islam Gaddafi in the first hours after his capture
on Saturday. It comes as the International Criminal Court's
chief prosecutor has said the son of Libya's former Libya doesn't
necessarily have to be tried at the ICC in The Hague. Luis Moreno-
Ocampo says that Saif Gaddafi could be tried in Libya if the country's
Justice system was up to it. He was captured on Saturday. And is wanted
by the ICC for crimes against humnanity, allegedly committed
during this year's uprsising. And staying in Libya, the annual Rory
Peck Awards pay tribute to the freelance camera operators who risk
their lives to bring us pictures from the world's most dangerous
places. This year's News Award went to a Libyan, Ahmad Bahaddhou. He
was one of the first journalists to join rebels fighting to topple
Muammar Gaddafi in the west of the country. Caroline Hawley has his
story. Fighting for the strategic village
earlier this year. It's the gateway to the Tunisian border and the
The battle is fierce and he is the only journalist to witness this.
What the rebels lack in training, they make up for in determination.
They were dentists, guys who studied in America, in Canada, in
the UK. In Italy. And they were quite determined to get rid of the
Gaddafi regime and you could see it. Not knowing anything about weaponry.
But just going and learning on the field, on the battlefield. I
realise that the people I was with were not professional armies. They
did not realise how close things were flying above our heads,
rockets. But you don't realise that at the moment because what
interests you as the cameraman, you want to get the shots, the
The rebels took the village. As they move into it, shell-shocked
residents of venture out of their homes. The villagers were terrified
because loyalists were using their houses and threatening them, to let
them use their houses, and they were taking everything they had
from them. These people were already poor. The rebels inflicted
several casualties and captured a loyalist. And they celebrate, or
one victory in a long and difficult road to success. Bravely chronicled
by this journalist and other Libyans. Sometimes it Russian
roulette. When your time has come, it's your time. It doesn't have to
stop you doing your job the best way.
The Turkish President Abdullah Gul is on a state visit to Britain, the
first one by a Turkish President in 23 years. Today Abdullah Gul is
being welcomed by Queen Elizabeth II. Mr Gul has said that Syria has
reached a dead end and change is inevitable. In Turkey itself, the
prime minister Recep Tayep Erdogan, has reiterated his call for
President Bashaar Al Asaad to step down. Mustafa Akyol is a political
commentator and author based in Istanbul and he joins me here in
the studio. You have written a book about Islam without extremes.
Looking at the experience of Turkey in particular. Looking at his
official state visit, all the work has been given to the President
Abdullah Gul. It shows how serious Turkey is being taken on the world
stage now. Yes, it is now become important in the Middle East. More
influential. Especially the political parties which emerged
from the Arabs bring say they take Turkey as an example. And I think
Turkey's example with Islam and democracy which I tried to use in
my book, means something for people in the Middle East. We talk about
Turkey in a second on a global stage but looking at Islam and
democracy, critics increasingly say the ruling party there is a bit
authoritarian particularly with two very prominent journalists on trial
there on spurious claims and so on, so democratic freedoms, slightly
shrinking, people would say. It's a controversial issue. During this
party, not of reforms have taken place. Recently, yes, I think their
attitude towards the media is not very positive. They don't like
criticism. At the same time, some of the opposition against the
ruling party is a terrorist group, and terrorist propaganda, the
Kurdish militants. On the global stage, a key NATO player, on the
border with Syria, very important country at the moment. To what
extent to Turkey's foreign policy objectives dovetail with the West?
To a great extent because it's aborts democracy in the Middle East.
-- it supports. Also Turkey realises some neighbours are
dictators and the Turkish government made a decision to award
not supporting dictators but people. I think the Turkish policy changes
show that turkey supports the Arab spring and I think, in that sense,
Turkey is in line with the West. in to talk to us. Graphic accounts
of the brutality of the Khmer Rouge regime in Cambodia are being heard
at the opening of the trial of three of its most senior surviving
leaders. In opening statements at one of the world's most high
profile genocide trials, prosecutors are trying to etablish
that senior members of the Khmer rouge regime were accountable for
the crimes that were committed. These crimes were the result of
organised plans, developed by the accused and other CPK leaders. And
systematically implemented through the regional, military and
government bodies they controlled. One of the accused, Nuon Chea, was
shown dramatic footage taken from a 2009 documentary Enemies of the
People, in which he appeared and defended the regime's bloody purges,
Whilst watching the footage he remained emotionless. All the
defendants are accused of being responsible for the deaths of an
estimated 1.7 million people in the 1970s.
Still to come on GMT: Power to the people. Why India's thirst for
energy is causing tension in Tamil First though let's get all the
business news. Aaron Heslehurst is here.
Something that must interested In the UK the rich are doing one
thing, they are getting richer. This is for findings of a year-long
enquiry. It was very critical of the increases for top executives.
It highlights this widening between the top 0.1% of the population and
the rest of us. It is wider. On average over the UK over the past
30 years, executive pay has risen by 4,000 %. They get paid 145 times
more than the average worker. The average worker gets �26,000 a year,
top executives �27 million. If it continues, some so we could be
thrown back into time. If we don't check this huge bonanza in pay,
within five to 10 years we will be back at a Victorian levels of
inequality. If that is what we want as a society, there enough but I
would suggest most people don't want to end up there. I would
imagine most of us wouldn't want to go back to the Victorian inequality.
So more pressure on the Government. Let's look at Spain, their new
leader was only elected on Sunday, and the honeymoon is over? Spain
went back to the money markets to borrow 3 billion euros, short-term
debts. Investors were willing to give them the money, but those
investors demand of the country paid by 0.1% interest. Double what
Spain paid for exactly the same option only a month ago. The new
Prime Minister said yesterday, give me more than 30 minutes to get the
things fixed. I don't think the markets are listening but experts
believe three top priorities are needed. First one is the fact
regional spending is quite a large proportion of the country's deficit.
There have been some noises about setting limits to that. The second
one is tackling and finding out what the size of the hole in the
financial sector is. The financial sector is very exposed to real-
estate, like Ireland suffered a massive bubble which collapsed. And
third, the massive structural reforms that need to be put in
place, especially in the labour market. Spain has 21% unemployment,
at 5 million people out of work. That has to be a key focus.
Your blood is still boiling on executive pay!
Buchan keep up-to-date on the situation in Egypt and all other
major events on the BBC news website.
This is GMT. The headlines: Escalating protests
in Egypt are increasing pressure on the ruling military council to step
down earlier than planned. As Damon from the council's leader is
expected on state TV today. The International Criminal Court
says Saif Al-Islam Gaddafi could stand trial for war crimes inside
Libya. As most of us know, India is
growing rapidly. To keep development on track in needs power
and plenty of it. Over the coming years the Government in India wants
to bring energy production hubs in pockets of South India. In recent
months, plans for a nuclear power plants have prompted protests and
hunger strikes. Protesting against India's
development drive. These people are fighting a production of
electricity in their patch. They know there is a great and growing
need, but they do not want the place they call home to be used to
power India's future. We need to retake -- retain our land, water,
sea and seafood. This is more and Porton than electricity. These
villagers have gathered to protest against a nuclear power plant that
is said to come online not far from here in the coming months. Plans
for nuclear power to come to this area of Tamil Nadu in south India
have been going for some years. But now the people say they are taking
a final stand and they will fight to the end for their future and
livelihoods. Florence Anthony fears the worst. A local fisherman, he
depends on these waters. But he says a nuclear power plant here in
the coastal area of Kudankulam will raise the sea temperature, damaging
fish stock and local trade. TRANSLATION: It this reactor starts
we cannot do our jobs and we will be forced to leave our homes and
land. We cannot do that, we will end up becoming refugees in Another
Place. It is a stark reminder of India's
first for power. The Government insists once operational, the
Kudankulam nuclear power plant will help to solve energy problems.
Local companies suffer from regular electricity source to judge and
power cuts. The chance to keep the lights on for longer is being
welcomed by local industry. TRANSLATION: Across the state, we
have to stop production for four hours a day. If this can be solved
with a nuclear power plant, productivity will improve on so
well Government earnings. For now, children in Kudankulam
enjoy village life. But the landscape around them is changing.
Many coastal areas like this one had been earmarked for major energy
projects. But, the challenge the Government faces is convincing
local people of the benefits of playing a part in India's growth
story. The increase in demands of India's
growing economy. Race and politics often make for an
explosive mix. Two years ago, the London based African-American
writer, Bonnie Greer made a television appearance against the
leader of an anti- immigration party, Nick Griffin of the BNP. She
described it as probably the weirdest and most creepy experience
of her life. Now she has written an opera about her experience on that
episode of the programme, Question Time.
Welcome to Question Time doctor macro Question Time is one of the
best-known political debate shows on the BBC with the lively audience
to put questions to a panel of public figures. Bonnie Greer says
taking part in that changed her life. She received a lot of
criticism for agreeing to sit next to Nick Griffin, who had predicted
his appearance would provide his party with a big platform and
propel them into the big-time. Instead, he seemed to squirm as
audience members called him a disgrace and he was forced to
explain why he had previously sought to play down the Holocaust.
We listened Churchill put everything on the line so that my
ancestors wouldn't guess slaughtered in concentration camps.
But here sits among that says it is a myth, just like a flat world was
a myth. How can you say that? cannot explain why I used to say
those things. Bonnie Greer has said she had to keep her back turned to
him to avoid slapping him. The programme which attracted more than
half of the British viewing public, caused huge protests outside BBC
Television Centre. And no review, and Bonnie Greer is
in the studio. Hello. This opera, you have called it yes, because
that is when you said when it production people called you. Why
did you write an opera? It is not about the programme itself, so we
won't see a bunch of singing Nick Griffin or David Dimbleby. It is
about the young man in the audience he said to Nick Griffin, what about
my ancestors who had to escape the concentration camps? It is about
people and feelings. It is an experimental opera, there isn't a
plot or a long narrative. I wanted to do an opera because what I got
was a change of life. Snippets of feelings, reactions. People walked
up to me and said, I will be looking at you, please be good.
Don't cry when he talks to use. don't want to Labour it, but
Question Time, it is about the voice of the people. Ordinary
people putting their points to political figures. People would say
opera? Covent Garden? It is done by Experian -- et experimental wing.
It gives people like me, one hour on the stage and say, make
something new, do something new with the form. Covent Garden allows
that? The opera talks about feelings. He won't get a whole
narrative, you'll get people who can say things, I don't like what
he just said. Or I agree with what he said. Looking at images from
those programmes, you were sitting next to him, even though you had
your back to him. I have not seen that programme, this is the first
time. You write, you are commentator, you are an anti-racist
campaigner in many ways. People say you dignified the arguments of the
anti- immigration of the BNP by simply sitting next to him? It is
important in a democracy, and we say this in the opera, people have
freedom of speech. If they speak in peace, they must have that freedom.
It gives people like me, and what the opera does, is take a
misinformation, expose it and give it the opportunity of truth of
correction. One of the problems all over the world is there are
prominent people who are using their feelings and putting and
misinformation about the fact this is an island of immigrants.
Everything and everybody is descended from an income up, an
invader or an immigrant. In 20 seconds, what is the music like?
is a range of reggae, gospel and beautiful Mozart. It is a hybrid to
reflect the rich background of people here? It is. Thanks for
coming to talk to us. Before we go, let's remind you of
International news and intelligent analysis going live to the heart of the day's top global story.
Featuring exclusive reports from BBC World News correspondents based around the world, plus up-to-the-minute global business news.
Zeinab Badawi presents.