30/01/2017 Inside Out South


30/01/2017

Investgating the looming homecare crisis that threatens the independence of older and more vulnerable people. And footage of the octopus that patrols the seabed off Portland.


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Transcript


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Is a lack of cash putting the South's most vulnerable at risk?

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Carers say we're heading for a crisis.

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My choice has been to either breach the living wage or to say, "Sorry,

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we just can't deliver the service that is right, is legal".

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We're with people, we're not with a tin of baked

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You can't just say, hang on a minute, it's

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Also, we're uncovering a darker side to the South's music scene.

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This guy came up behind me and he started trying

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to unzip my shorts and put his hand down my shorts.

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Anybody who says they're not aware this is happening

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And a rare glimpse of a shy creature that's closer than you might think.

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First, it's ?1 billion funding shortfall having a devastating

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effect on the way we care for our most vulnerable and elderly here in

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the South. Government cuts and rising costs have seen some care

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providers pull out altogether from local council contracts. We

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It's the crack of dawn in investigate a care system in crisis.

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It's the crack of dawn in Littlehampton, West Sussex. This is

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Jo. She's going to be filming new. Is that OK? Say hi. This is Selma,

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she's 26 and lives at home with mother, brothers and sister. She is

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on a day out with her carers in the front and back. She likes garden

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centres. Hates dogs! Loves Christmas. Is partial to a bit of

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chocolate. And a cup of tea. We have four hours with her and sometimes it

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can go very quickly because she takes the lead, so she is off. At

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other times it can be quite a lengthy process. She used to go to a

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day centre and her behaviours were really, really bad and it just

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wasn't the right environment for her because she displayed lots of

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challenging behaviour. Over the last few months, she's got so much

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better. She is one of the 900,000 people in the UK who are looked

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after by home care workers. We go to McDonald's twice a week. She likes

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chicken nuggets and chips. Can you see the sign? Yes! Do you think it

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is an undervalued role? Very much so, very much so. I think the pay

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is, and also if my role says support worker, people don't look on it as a

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valuable role. Her care is provided by a small family business in

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Worthing run by three sisters, Alison, Helen and manager Debbie

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funded by West Sussex County Council funded by West Sussex County Council

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and things are tight. We don't have enough money. Our focus has to be on

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paying the staff as much as we can paying the staff as much as we can

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and encouraging the right people to apply for the jobs. The carers are

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employing today are still starting on the same level as they were in

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2009. Frozen wages mean company companies like this are struggling

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to employ qualified staff. State funding is definitely not in a

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healthy place. The system is said to be in crisis. The policy director is

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Colin Angel. At the moment it's ?16.70 an hour for home care but the

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council is paying ?2 an hour less than that. That's a significant

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amount and it will impact on what is available for running this service

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and will certainly mean care workers' pay is nowhere near as good

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as it should be to the valuable work that they do. We discovered nearly

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half the councils in the South are paying less than the recommended

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minimum of ?16.70 an hour. And underfunding isn't just a funding

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problem for care providers. Sometimes we are the only people

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they will see in the day. If their families live far and wide, we might

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be the only people they see, well, for two or three days, sometimes.

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Hazel is a care worker. It is one of the country's biggest care

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providers, where she works. It looks after 25,000 people in their own

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homes. Our first call of the day is a 45-minute visit to Gwen at home

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with husband Terry. Hello! Morning! My early weather detector tells me

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it's absolutely frosty out there today! Gwen, what would you like

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this morning? Would you like a shower or wash? I think I'll just

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have a wash this morning. Gwen used to care for her husband, Terry, but

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a few weeks ago she had a knee replacement, which means they both

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need care. Me and my wife couldn't get through the day without having

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food and that to have, and I can't do it and my wife can't do it now.

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She used to do it all before. Come on. Welch is one of the better

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paying councils and paste ?2 above the hourly rate recommended, but

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with a 90% of councils not meeting anywhere near this, even big firms

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like this are struggling. In 2015 this firm made a loss so they've

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pulled out of some local authority contracts. Tough choices for the

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director. Some councils haven't even been prepared to pay a rate that

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meets your living requirements. So I either had to breach living wage

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with those councils, which is clearly not acceptable as a thing to

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do, or to say sorry, we just can't do, or to say sorry, we just can't

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deliver the service that is right and is legal. We've seen few months

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two of the top five providers pull out of the market completely. So not

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just some contracts, they've pulled out completely. Is there any moral

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quandary about pulling out? There definitely is. The really bad thing

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is that people we might have been looking after for a number of years,

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we can't do it, but the alternative is to pay our staff and illegal rate

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and deliver a quality of service and deliver a quality of service

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that would be to the detriment of those individuals. The government

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recently announced plans to boost funding for social care by allowing

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councils to increase tax at a local level. West Sussex plans to add ?46

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a year onto the average council tax bill. The leader of the council is

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Louise Goldsmith. Is this a permanent solution? No, this won't

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resolve the problem by any means. This is the tip of the iceberg. I

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can use lots of analogies. What we need is a real national review to

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get the money in, to help our elderly and vulnerable residents. We

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desperately, desperately want the Government to start a dialogue. We

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will help them and work with them but we need proper funding for our

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social care. How are you? Good. Back in Worthing, with their next client,

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Karen. She gets help from carers three times a day, seven times a

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week. Today it is Viv and Jackie. She suffers from epilepsy so you've

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got to know... You know, you've got to get a relationship with Karen.

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They are completely reliant on the care they get. You can't always tell

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from Karen whether she recognises faces but she recognises voices.

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That's important for her, I think. Her main aim in life is to have

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somebody to hold her hand and she would be happy to sit all day with

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somebody holding her hand. That's what she likes to do. But all too

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often, that means it's the goodwill of her carers that plug the gap, as

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with so many others. We are with a person, not a tin of Beit beans in

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Tesco's. So you can't just say, it is five o'clock, I'm off. And you

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are very special, aren't you? Yes! Goodwill doesn't last forever and

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it's entirely wrong that care workers should be effectively

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subsidising council budgets by doing more work than is required of them.

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I think we are in a crisis nationally. We can improve the

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service, we can work better collectively, but, yes, there is

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more money needed. You think there'll ever be a point where it

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gets so tight that you think, we can't provide what we want to

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provide to the standard we want to? I hope not. I hope not. I've been in

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this field for so long, I've looked after and cared for people for so

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many years. I owe it to them to keep going. Onto the next one! Yes.

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So, would you be prepared to pay more in council tax to prop up a

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failing system? These guys have been letting me know what they think. Why

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not email me about it? Here is my address below.

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Still to come, one of the strangest friendships you will ever see. Just

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so loving! Next, going to see your favourite

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band play live should be memorable for all the right reasons. But a

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growing number of music fans in the growing number of music fans in the

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South say gigs are being ruined by strangers gripping them. This is our

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report. There's something

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going on at concerts. It's leaving people feeling

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isolated and violated. For me, that's not how music

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should make you feel. And it's putting a lot

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of fans off live music. I was, like, 14 when I started

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going to gigs with just my friends. And ever since then it's just been,

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like, getting groped and felt up. This guy came up behind me

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and he started trying to unzip my shorts and put his hand

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down my shorts, and he was just grinding behind me

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and wouldn't leave me alone. The attack, and that's

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what it was ? an attack - It makes me more angry,

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then it makes me upset, because it's happened before

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so you get over it So what are you hoping

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that we can do out of this? It's getting worse and girls

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are giving up and we want to talk We all know gigs are loud,

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sweaty and crowded. And sadly, these fans say,

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so does being groped. Well, a lot of friends of ours

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are just getting grabbed like that, especially in university,

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I would say. We've almost become desensitized

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to it and think that, "Oh, that's, like, normal behaviour",

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but really I think Having spoken to people

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from all over the UK, I'm finding out it's

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a national problem. There's a support group called

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Girls Against that's created an online movement to raise

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awareness about these attacks. So far, more than 1,000

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girls and some guys have been in touch with them,

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all with similar stories of abuse, and it makes me want to know

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why this sort of thing is still happening

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in the 21st century. People are going to feel

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like they can take certain Just because they're not

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going to get caught. I've definitely been stood next

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to it, in close proximity to it happening in clubs and done nothing

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about it, so I guess in that sense I think harrassment

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happens everywhere. Anybody who says that they aren't

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aware of this sort of thing Ben Newby runs a live music venue

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and says crowd safety If you guys are aware that this sort

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of thing is going on, what are you actually doing to try

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and stop this sort of We work with two great security

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firms, and from the moment the complaint is made,

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security take it seriously. They deal with everyone involved,

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they take it away from everybody But for every good security company

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like the ones you've got, there are those that don't have

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protocols in place. I think you've been

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very polite there. There are some companies that

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are terrible, and where our frustration comes in is that

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when we can spend money and time putting these in place,

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why shouldn't everybody? But should it be up

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to the venues alone? The Security Industry

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Authority regulates every They make sure each security guard

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has the right licences I'm checking out everything

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the guards learn to Regulations are pretty

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thorough, to be fair. With seven separate required

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qualifications needed, covering everything from conflict

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management to terrorism training. But music venue manager

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Danni Brownshill thinks the SIA We add on to their training

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ourselves but it'd be more useful if they came to us completely aware

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of these things and it'd An independent report found

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this SIA training has But here's the thing -

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the training holds only one vague mention of sexual harassment

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and offers security guards no guidance on how to act if someone

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comes to them after being groped. And this is where victims

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have a big problem. Some people have been told not

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to dress that way if they don't want to be treated that way,

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others have been told to forget about it or told,

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"Yeah, we'll report it", I wanted to ask the SIA

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if it was time they considered adding victim support

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to their training. They initially agreed

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to an interview but then cancelled, Evidence we had hoped to show them,

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till they cancelled. When a fan told the band Peace

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about being assaulted at one of their gigs,

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frontman Harry Koisser says they felt they had to step up

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and protect their fans. We'd never realised that this

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happened at our shows The first thing we did

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was kind of my gut feeling, which was after then on stage

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to say, "If you feel comfortable doing this,

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you have to leave immediately". The girl had said that she'd gone

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to security that night and explained what had happened,

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the guys had said, "There's nothing we can do", and that just

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wasn't really good enough. So our tour manager then had

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a security briefing made sure Someone else who thinks change

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is long overdue is chair of the Home Affairs Select Committee

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and Labour MP Yvette Cooper. It's great to see some of the bands

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starting to call it out, but you need much stronger

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action from the venue, from security, from everybody,

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to say this is unacceptable behaviour and if it happens,

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we'll take action on it. The Home Office say they're

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confident the SIA's licensing I think the Home Office are going

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to need to do more about this, because when it's affecting so many

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young women going to gigs being treated in this way,

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and there's no proper action to follow it up, I think you've

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actually got to look back at both the training,

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the response, the way the regulation system works,

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to make sure that there's strong With the calls for change now

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being heard, and with venues, fans and bands leading by example,

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maybe we've taken a step towards reclaiming live

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music for everyone. On the way, that stunning footage

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from the Dorset coast, but before that, time for an update on one of

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our stories. Remove these cute little Pomeranian

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is? In 2015, we revealed how Hampshire man was selling puppies

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smuggled in illegally from Ireland in the back of this man. -- remember

:17:45.:17:54.

these dogs? We collected our delivery in these glamorous

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surroundings at -- surroundings! He didn't want to chat but back at home

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in his shed, we found this collection of gorgeous Westies. But

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Louis still wasn't playing ball. Mr Sibley? And completely vanished

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find some of his smuggled dogs for find some of his smuggled dogs for

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sale online, fetching ?350 per puppy. Here, in this previously on

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broadcast footage, are some of the 45 puppies seized from him by

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Trading Standards. Unfortunately, 11 of them were sick and died. In court

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last week, Louis Sibley, wearing it is a -- wearing his sunglasses,

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pleaded guilty. He was given a year's suspended sentence,

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rehabilitation activity for 20 hours and ordered to pay more than ?6,000

:18:55.:19:00.

in costs and compensation. There are some good news -- there is some good

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news, too. This is Dylan, one of the pups seized by Trading Standards. He

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is loving life with his new family. Now, remember Paul, the World Cup

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predicting octopus? It appears his skills weren't a one-off, because

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the octopus turns out to be even more intelligent than we first

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thought. Time to meet a scientist who a sucker for this eight legged

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friend. I work for the marine biology

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association and I love my job because I get to work with the most

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ageing crook -- amazing creatures, no matter what the weather. While I

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am fascinated by all our sea life, I do have a particular favourite. An

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animal so unlike us, is almost alien, with eight arms, three hearts

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and, in my view, a massive personality. Yes, it's the octopus.

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I just love them. And today, we are I just love them. And today, we are

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out on Plymouth Sound hoping to catch some native specimens.

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We've had some success. Now it's time to get these guys back to the

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lab. Monitoring our sea life helps us

:20:21.:20:24.

understand what's happening to our seas. The octopus we usually see of

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the South coast is the cold octopus, and while many species are

:20:31.:20:34.

struggling, with rising sea temperatures, the octopus is

:20:35.:20:36.

thriving and we want to understand why.

:20:37.:20:41.

What we see straightaway is an increase in feeding and growth when

:20:42.:20:44.

the temperature is just a degree or two higher, and this makes sense,

:20:45.:20:47.

because the octopus is a because the octopus is a

:20:48.:20:52.

fast-growing, cold blooded animal. Any increase in temperature will

:20:53.:20:55.

increase metabolism. This is a relative of the octopus. . They grow

:20:56.:21:02.

up to 65 centimetres long but these babies are just five centimetres

:21:03.:21:06.

long. It is their feeding time I've trained them to take pieces of fish.

:21:07.:21:12.

So what I'm doing is moving the fish around to get their attention.

:21:13.:21:18.

Normally they would only attack moving prey. That's how they

:21:19.:21:21.

recognise this is food. They are voracious predators. They hunt is

:21:22.:21:27.

pretty much all the time. And as well as their tentacles, they've got

:21:28.:21:32.

this amazing beak, almost like that of a parrot, in two parts, and they

:21:33.:21:37.

use that to inject a neurotoxin into their prey which kills them in

:21:38.:21:45.

seconds. I could watch them all day! But what I'm really interested in is

:21:46.:21:52.

the octopus in its natural habitat. In Dorset, there is a man I very

:21:53.:21:58.

much want to meet. Local diver Colin has regularly seen

:21:59.:22:03.

at least one octopus of the 18 mile spit at Chesil Beach. What's more,

:22:04.:22:07.

on his night dives, when the octopus on his night dives, when the octopus

:22:08.:22:15.

is most active, he has filmed it. Colin has been diving and filming in

:22:16.:22:19.

these waters most of his life, yet he had never seen an octopus, let

:22:20.:22:23.

now. As you can see, initially it now. As you can see, initially it

:22:24.:22:30.

wants to swim away but then settles down in my presence. Colin, this

:22:31.:22:36.

it? A friend of mine had reported it? A friend of mine had reported

:22:37.:22:41.

seeing an octopus and we went diving a few days after that at night, and

:22:42.:22:46.

unbelievably, we came across the same octopus. How can you tell? My

:22:47.:22:55.

partner named Tim Hank! You can see he has one arm severed so he's quite

:22:56.:23:01.

easy to identify. Yes, you can really see his missing arm. So

:23:02.:23:06.

whereabouts are you? This is at a depth of about 14, 15 metres over

:23:07.:23:13.

the sandy patch. Do you do a lot of diving? Yes, Chesil Beach is close

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to my heart. This is the first time I've ever seen one underwater and

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I've been diving since the mid-80s. That's amazing. And you saw this guy

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in the same place every night? There or thereabouts. We would have a

:23:29.:23:33.

location and explore around and within a few minutes, we would find

:23:34.:23:38.

him. That's interesting because we don't know much about territoriality

:23:39.:23:43.

in octopus. We feel they have a home area they patrol but unfortunately

:23:44.:23:44.

there's almost no way of gauging there's almost no way of gauging

:23:45.:23:50.

this in the wild unless you were as fortunate as yourself, and saw them

:23:51.:23:54.

night after night, so this is really valuable information for us. There

:23:55.:24:02.

you go. Not troubled by our presence at all. Especially to feed like

:24:03.:24:04.

that. That's great. So that's that. That's great. So that's

:24:05.:24:09.

wonderful. We've just seen him sleep there, and that's something quite

:24:10.:24:14.

red to film because these are quite shy animals, so to capture that on

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film is quite amazing. And Colin's remarkable video reveals yet more

:24:21.:24:23.

about this shy creature. This is wonderful because you can see a rid

:24:24.:24:32.

of falls under here. These ourselves which reflect light, emitting

:24:33.:24:33.

globe which can attract predators. globe which can attract predators.

:24:34.:24:41.

If they are swimming in the sea, these cells will block out their

:24:42.:24:44.

silhouettes so they become almost invisible. This is really wonderful.

:24:45.:24:52.

Wonderful footage. And all of this is filmed just our here. Absolutely

:24:53.:24:55.

brilliant. Incredible to think that brilliant. Incredible to think that

:24:56.:25:02.

we have native octopus patrolling the sea bed just off Chesil Beach.

:25:03.:25:08.

As most of us will never see one in the wild, I've come to the sea life

:25:09.:25:11.

centre in Weymouth to meet a particularly friendly octopus that

:25:12.:25:20.

will soon be on show to the public. Luckily I get to go behind the

:25:21.:25:24.

scenes. Meeting me is chief octopus Wrangler Phil. In the heart of the

:25:25.:25:31.

building, here are the tanks where Phil looks after the octopus. Like

:25:32.:25:37.

me, he has found each octopus has its own distinct personality, and

:25:38.:25:43.

his newest one is very friendly. So this is my newest arrival. He's very

:25:44.:25:47.

grabby, especially for such a young octopus. It normally takes a couple

:25:48.:25:53.

of months to build up this sort of trust between a keeper and an

:25:54.:25:57.

octopus, but she loves it! Not worried about folding up or throwing

:25:58.:26:06.

lots of water at us, as you can see! What do you love about them?

:26:07.:26:10.

Normally you expect them to run away but just so loving. From the very

:26:11.:26:15.

first time, love at first sight, almost! Just put a finger in and

:26:16.:26:17.

they grabbed you! Ha-ha! So you feel she knows you?

:26:18.:26:37.

Absolutely. Some of them will only come up every now and then for food

:26:38.:26:45.

but this girl likes to squirt all of the time. She tends to squirt until

:26:46.:26:50.

I come back so a lot of the time I'll be here for 20, 30 minutes till

:26:51.:26:55.

she is happy and I can leave her. You can see by her colour at the

:26:56.:26:59.

what we're doing. If she was scared what we're doing. If she was scared

:27:00.:27:03.

or worried, she would be a dark colour, like red or close to black,

:27:04.:27:07.

but with their colours going on at the moment, you can tell she's

:27:08.:27:11.

interested but not at all worried. Hey! She's absolutely amazing and it

:27:12.:27:18.

really goes to show the range of personalities that naturally occur

:27:19.:27:22.

in a species like this. Personality is something we think of being

:27:23.:27:30.

distinctly human but this shows animals like sharks, octopus,

:27:31.:27:35.

cuttlefish, they have distinct personalities that we can see and

:27:36.:27:37.

test throughout their lifetimes. Leading Phil and his octopus behind,

:27:38.:27:48.

it's time for me to return the specimens we caught in Plymouth

:27:49.:27:52.

Sound. Octopus alula for a couple of years so it's time for these years

:27:53.:27:58.

-- these guys to go back to sea. -- only live for a couple of years.

:27:59.:28:05.

Time to go, little guys! I feel very privileged to work with these

:28:06.:28:08.

beguiling creatures and I hope I've given you just a glimpse of why I

:28:09.:28:13.

find these small animals with very big personalities so fascinating.

:28:14.:28:27.

Fantastic pictures, weren't they? What is an octopus' favourite

:28:28.:28:35.

Beatles macro song? I want to hold your hand, hand, hand, hand, hand!

:28:36.:28:42.

See you next week! Next week, we take a closer look at the honey bee.

:28:43.:28:46.

Is our sweet tooth threatening its future? We need them so much for

:28:47.:28:51.

pollination, not just for ourselves and all the fruit and vegetables,

:28:52.:28:56.

but all the flowers on our landscape and our nature. That's the primary

:28:57.:28:57.

importance of them. Hello, I'm Riz Lateef

:28:58.:29:07.

with your 90-second update. Protests in Downing Street tonight

:29:08.:29:14.

against Donald Trump's travel ban More than 1.4 million have now

:29:15.:29:16.

signed a petition calling for his state visit to Britain

:29:17.:29:20.

to be cancelled. There have also been

:29:21.:29:22.

protests in the States. President Trump insisted little more

:29:23.:29:24.

than a 100 travellers were affected over the weekend and blamed

:29:25.:29:26.

protestors for the A mosque in Canada has been

:29:27.:29:28.

subjected to a terrorist attack. Six worshippers were killed,

:29:29.:29:33.

five critically injured, Guilty - banker Lynden Scourfield

:29:34.:29:36.

was bribed by David Mills to provide Money was lavished on holidays,

:29:37.:29:43.

prostitutes and cars. The corruption cost Halifax Bank

:29:44.:29:48.

of Scotland hundreds of millions. Jennie Platt didn't

:29:49.:29:52.

like spikes put down to deter the homeless in Manchester,

:29:53.:29:54.

so she and her children put down

:29:55.:29:58.

Jon Cuthill investigates the looming homecare crisis that threatens the independence of older and more vulnerable people. And, in exclusive footage, we meet the octopus that patrols the seabed off Portland and reveal that these much-maligned sea creatures are clever, and even playful.


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