28/10/2013 Inside Out Yorkshire and Lincolnshire


The police campaign aiming to stem the tide of illegal cigarettes entering the country. And why children should participate in more outdoor activities.

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welcome. Tonight, we are in Sheffield. This week scientists are


warning that we could he heading towards a miniature ice age. Good


winters like the one in 2010 become more frequent? And if so, how would


we call? Seriously, we would have to think about moving. Also, cracking


down on smugglers. We follow officers trying to stop illegal


tobacco coming into the country. And the great outdoors. An explorer


looks at the benefit of kids getting into the countryside. These are


young ones are getting proper life skills that will stay with them.


It is a typically rainy autumn day here. Apparently, we could be


returning to a period and claim it has to be known as the miniature ice


age. Scientists have been monitoring a massive drop in sunspot activity


which, in the past, has been linked with Siberian winters. They


certainly know a thing or two about cold winters here on the North York


Moors. When the fierce winter of 1962 came calling, Catherine and


John were slap bang in the front line.


It was a long one. And it started on Boxing Day. My parents came up for


Christmas and went home early because of the forecast. I had a


three`month`old child. I was snowed in for two and a half months. The


snow got deeper and deeper and deeper. It was a savage winter. 30


foot snowdrifts and even parts of the sea froze over. As the


thermometer dropped, a nearby RAF station was evacuated. I presume


they were led by somebody who knew the move pretty well. They walked


down the railway. By the time they reached the railway, most of them


were done in. Single file, all the way down the moves. Aitken passed


our house. `` they came. Hearing those recollections was very


interesting. But what I have not told them is that those types of


winters could return with a vengeance. We all know how we


struggle with periods of severe cold weather. The last taste was in 2010.


Predictable results. It was the coldest December since 1890.


Widespread travel disruption, parts of the country grinding to a halt.


But it only lasted a matter of weeks. How would we call it that


lasted several months? The idea of prolonged and severe winters is not


based on science fiction. One leading scientist thinks it could be


linked to a dramatic fall in sunspot activity. We thank the sun is quite


telling more rapidly than at any time in the last 10,000 years. ``


whitening. `` quitening. We think it ties up with cold winters in Eastern


Europe and the UK. It is becoming increasingly apparent that declining


solar activity may make the jet stream and we can and force it


further south than normal, leaving us prone to colder winters. If you


go far enough back in the history books there are two periods which


covers a clue as to which they has to which the history may bring.


Fascinating periods of UK climate, both of which coincided with weak


solar activity. The first was known as the miniature ice age, lasting


through part of the 1600s into the early 18th`century. And more


recently, in the early 19th`century, and both periods coincided with very


cold winters and your summers. The first was the more severe. During


this time the River Thames famously froze over. Whilst there were other


harsh winters, not everyone was a bad one. You might think that all


this talk is just a load of hot air. After all, the past two decades have


mainly consisted of mild, wet, windy winters. If anything, the perception


is that flooding is the main risk. What about global warming? Most


scientists believe that long`term global warming has not gone away and


that any increase in cold winters will be a regionalised event in


north`western Europe. A drop in winter temperatures could dampen


rising global temperatures but the effect is likely to be temporary.


And it is the position of our islands, under the age of


continental Europe, which makes are especially vulnerable to change. ``


makes us. We get the sort of winters that we had in 2010. Instead of the


weather approaching from the Atlantic, wet, windy, mild, it comes


from Europe, and in some respects could be regarded as coming from


Siberia. Adding a little more to the description of the weather we get.


If the weather does change, how bad could it get? This vessel has


monitored sunspot activity and believes we may be heading into more


severe territory. I estimating that at least about 8%, although it could


be more like 25, 30%, that is a much larger chance that we get... That is


not an insignificant risk. It is not. And there is the scientific


probability that the link is real. There are other factors, but I think


the link is real. So the professor believes that the link between


following sunspot activity and extend winters could be significant.


If he is right, what could that mean? We know that transport, power


supplies, energy prices, and all sensitive to price `` to the weather


systems. In 2010 prices rocketed as the weather placed a strain on the


system. So how would we cope with supplying the basics of everyday


life? We got a taste in 2010 and we saw that as extreme. It opened our


eyes into is of, well, we will see more of this. `` in terms of. So


going for what it is all about planning to have 4x4 vehicles,


things like that. We would have to look at the trends. Would it be a


one`off? If it happened next year then we would really have to look at


things, the investment, purchasing snow tires, other things that could


help supply the customers. Yes, we are vulnerable to that type of cold


spell. Short, sharp ones, we can cope with, prolonged ones, very


difficult. Sprouts are vulnerable in cold winters. The water crystals in


the cells freeze. If you handle it while it is frozen it is frozen


outbursts the cells. `` while it is frozen, it bursts. Scientists do


agree on one thing, Britain as it stands is not ready to cope with


extreme winter episodes. These are profound issues. Calder, longer


winters. Heating bills, irrespective of the background policy, are


continuing to rise. It will expose weaknesses in fuel policy and the


system. We need more close, we need to warehouse things, we need more


power stations to meet the energy demands, `` more snowploughs. All of


these things become more sensible and economic if you are going to


face any more cold winters. The indications are that we may.


Catherine and John can look back on 1962 as a severe test. And one that


they came through unscathed. How would you cope should we see a


return? I honestly do not know. Seriously we would have to think


about moving. You cannot expect people to help you, year after year,


week after week, month after month, that is too much for anybody. How


long have we got to prepare? One estimate is between 20 and 40 years.


But there are those that feel that with winters like 2010 under our


belt, the change is underway now. If you have any views on that want to


tell us about a story, please get in touch. You can do so via Facebook or


Twitter. Coming up: Out and about, we look at whether our children are


taking part in the outdoor opportunities. `` enough. Over the


last two years a staggering 3.6 William illegal cigarettes from ``


3.6 billion have been seized on their way into the country. We


joined the border force at a busy terminal as they tried to disrupt


the trade in illegal tobacco. It is a slow burning fraud costing the


taxpayer to billion pounds in lost revenue every year. Tens of


thousands of pounds of tobacco are smuggled into the UK every year by


people who do not consider it a crime. It fosters a black market and


a culture of criminality. Smugglers are not like Long John Silver


anymore. They are a mixed demographic. According to experts at


its young children at risk. Once hoped, it is a lifetime addiction.


Half will die prematurely. A bright dawn at Hull docks and the


cross`channel ferry from Belgium is carefully guiding home bleary eyed


passengers. It has been a long trip and many are glad to be home. Good


morning everybody. Today's deployment will be... Also up at the


crack of dawn at a hand`picked team from the border force. As they


prepare for the operation trying to disrupt the flow of contraband


tobacco they know that some of the passengers preparing to get off the


ferry will soon have the wind knocked out of their sails.


Commercial supply rather than identical use, if that is


identified, we should seize goods. Any questions? Let's roll. People


will purchase hand rolling tobacco in Belgium, not counterfeit, genuine


product, then bring it back in and sell it in pubs, clubs, factories,


through informal networks. If you are travelling outside the EU you


are allowed to bring a maximum of 200 cigarettes home. But within the


Eurozone it is a grey area. You can bring back what ever you can improve


as for your personal use. Today border force will try to weed out


those whose stories do not ring true. We are looking at people


unlimited means spending huge amounts of money on tobacco which is


not commensurate with your income, and also making frequent trips. Most


of the people called in today will be able to justify what they brought


back, but some will not. Passengers with a large quantity of tobacco,


IST is about ?1000 worth, obviously I need to be satisfied that they do


smoke and that the consumption rate equates to what they have. `` I


estimate it is about. I got this yesterday. After half an hour this


lady was able to justify her supply. We go about four times a year. Three


times as for pleasure, once for tobacco, and that last was the whole


year. It makes sense to stock up for the full year, it last longer. But


these two what are we leaving ?1000 of tobacco behind. `` walked away. I


am gutted. 50% of the tobacco which is sold, figures suggest that half


of it is on the black market, sold under the counter. That is why it is


important for us to protect revenue and deal with the organised crime


groups. 20 miles away from Hull Docks in this pretty village of


Market Weighton. Terrence Nolan of Hill Rise Drive was given a


suspended sentence after pleading in Hull Crown Court. He was caught


selling tobacco from a shed in his garden. There are two demand lines.


One is newspapers, obviously. Another is tobacco. If they do not


come in, they do not see what you have got there is not an opportunity


to sell them something else. It is estimated the illegal puts up to one


in five local newsagents at risk. One of the amazing things I found


being new to the retail trade was the amount of cigarette papers we


sell when you compare it to the amount of rolling tobacco you can


sell. You sell a lot more cigarette papers. It tells me that people are


not buying the tobacco legally. The revenue that is lost on tobacco is


equivalent to ?100 for every single UK taxpayer. It is real money that


is not going to the revenue. That is wrong. The consequences are not just


financial. According to anti`smoke organisations, they put young lives


at risk. We are concerned about illegal tobacco because it is more


likely to be offered to kids will stop people will sell on some of our


estates to children of the age of ten. They are more tempted to try


and they are more likely to get hooked. The earlier you get hooked,


the more likely you are to get smoking`related diseases. The


children are often offered other illegal products as well. On the


streets of Hull , where one in three adults smoke, the examples of people


prepared to buy off the black market are not hard to find. You just need


to know people and ask about. You can get it cheaper from someone who


sells foreign tobacco. It is good for me because it saves me money. If


I had a kid, I would not want them smoking at the age of 13. Because I


can get them cheap, I smoke more. I would spend ?3 50 for 20 instead of


?7 at the shop. They would go in a day. If I bought them from the shop,


I would rush them out. It is a problem which is particularly


problematic in the North. You have a culture where certain areas become


dependent on tobacco barons, organised crime groups, providing


the smoking. It fosters an entire black`market, a culture of


criminality that we want to avoid. Inside the terminal, the border.


Finished their shakedown of today's passengers. It has been a great


success. 400 passengers, stopped 10%. You can see behind us, 66 kilos


of tobacco today. But has protected ?14,000 of public money. Today's


operation has netted a decent Hall. This will be lumped together and


used as fuel in the nearby power station `` netted a decent haul.


For generations, they've provided thousands of youngsters with some of


the most formative experiences of their school life. But there are


fears council`run outdoor education centres could soon vanish


altogether. We sent our reporter to find out. Daybreak on an autumnal


Friday morning in Scarborough but this is no ordinary school day. As a


minibus waits outside Newby and Scalby Primary School, pupils are


about to head off for an experience which could alter the course of


their lives forever. This lot are heading to Whitby for outdoor


education. Some will never have been so deep into the countryside. The


memories and the social skills they picked up are likely to stay with


them for the rest of their lives. Here in north Yorkshire they are in


the minority. These children are going to a local authority run


centre which according to some experts are big becoming


increasingly under pressure `` are becoming increasingly under


pressure. The centres are not replaced. People should get back to


nature a bit more and understand what the environment is about. Good


mutating, let us go. For the staff and pupils, outdoor


education is just as important as the hard work they carry out in


lessons. This group have been picked to represent their school council


and have been sent away for a bonding session. Today the kids are


off gorge scrambling and it is about confidence, teamwork and


understanding leadership and a lot of fun. I am looking forward to see


how they get on. With plenty of obstacles to overcome, they are soon


being tested. This is really important with communication. Make


sure you are talking to each other. What do you reckon so far? Quite


exciting. Are you ready to get in the water? I am going to enjoy it.


Any scary bits? The small spaces. Can you see improvements that are


linked to this experience? Yes. We invest the school budget into this


sort of programme. We look at the barriers to the children learning in


all aspects of the school life. We can identify it quite often as


self`esteem. Not being able to solve problems. As soon as we have them


involved in experiences like this, we know they will come back into


school and into their family lives and perform much better. Many of our


pupils will say, that is the most important experience I had. North


Yorkshire's three centres are currently subsidised by a voluntary


?400,000 grant from the county's schools. But elsewhere the picture


is more precarious. Headteachers are given a pot of money called pupil


premium which they can spend anyway they want to improve performance


which does not have to include activities like this. Because it is


outside of any sort of statutory provision and therefore it is often


seen as an extra. We would argue that when used properly it really


has a positive role to play within the curriculum. Who is going to look


after me? Ready? Have you got me? Hands up, guys. I am heavier! This


is great. The kids have figured out they need to raise their game. We


are going through there. There is not much room in there.


Whatever provision people like these youngsters might have in the future,


studies have shown that carefully planned challenging activities just


like this can enhance their personal and academic lives way into the


future. Good job. Across the country, outdoor education is a


mixed picture of local authority, Private and charitable provision


with schools making individual choices about where they go and what


activities they want. One thing most centres agree on including this one


across the border in West Yorkshire is that schools often need to be


more ambitious. We have seen a lot more wrapping of cotton wool around


students. We see people less inclined to get out there and


writings. A large part of that is to do with schools and parents's


perception of how risky it is. In reality, it is not as risk filled as


they imagine `` and get stuck in. One man who calculates risk on a


daily basis is Alan Hinkes, the only Briton to find all 14 of the


world's highest mountains. Skills forged at his school in


Northallerton. Nice handhold there. He is worried not enough youngsters


are being inspired early on. We were noted for having a tough stiff upper


lip, explorer types. There is no doubt that I personally think that


people are getting softer. Young people I work with, they are not


prepared to suffer how I did. You have got to be able to suffer a


little bit. When you go out in the hills when it is raining or snowing


and have a fantastic adventure. More and more people do not go out to


play nowadays. That is why more than ever it is essential that we provide


a service to take young people into the outdoor environment. Striking a


balance between challenging our children and exposing them to


unnecessary risks is at the very core of this debate. High`profile


tragedies including the death of two leads schoolchildren, Hannah Black


and Rochelle Cauvet, they were swept to their deaths while attempting to


cross Stainforth Beck on a school trip, it has led to the outdoor


education industry becoming one of the most tightly regulated and


monitored in the country. The risks you are looking out for young people


who do not get involved in sport and other activities, it is the base


thing in terms of fitness, but there is also the problem in that if you


take away the activities, you are taking away something that will help


them build independence. Make sure it is nice and tight. One. Two.


Three. Go. Fantastic.


With more children living in urban areas, the opportunity for them to


get experiences in the wild are narrowing according to the man in


charge of North Yorkshire and's outdoor education. If local


authority centres like this lose their funding, what will happen? We


know it enhances education and provides a really rich environment,


the children who need it will not get it. We are talking about equal


access for all. Yes, it is really in Portland. The researchers showing


that people in receipt of income support and in less affluent areas,


they receive less residential and outdoor education and those children


in more affluent areas. I think what local authority is about is


providing equal access. It is a challenge for all of us. The centres


themselves and the schools. We have to ensure what good quality looks


like and pushed the centres and the schools up to another level to get


the really challenging activities where they are on their own and are


being pushed. You may not be able to get A*s for gorge scrambling, but


these youngsters are getting proper life skills, a healthy sense of


exploring, teamwork, leadership, sense of confidence. Marvellous.


What do you think of it? Excellent. Really fun. A really good time. Some


bits were hard. When people were stuck me you had to help them. What


did you learn? You can all work together, even if you don't really


know the people that much. It would be a shame if cutbacks and a more


risk averse culture were allowed to block the pathway for the next


generation of adventurers to get the kind of early support they need and


to transform thousands of lives. Thanks for letting me join you.


Goodbye. That is all for tonight from


Sheffield and indeed for this series of programme at Crewe. I will see


you again in January when we will be back from more stories from where


you live `` this series of Inside Out.


Hello, I'm Riz Lateef with your 90-second update. Four people are


dead after the worst UK storm for years. Hurricane-force conditions


left almost half a million homes without power. In some areas wind


speeds reached up to 99 miles-per-hour. The weather caused


travel chaos for many. Rail and road services were disrupted because of


fallen trees, while over a hundred flights had to be cancelled at


Heathrow. Get the latest updates on BBC Local Radio.


On trial over the phone-hacking affair. Two former News of the World


editors, Rebekah Brooks and Andy Coulson. Both deny being involved in


accessing voicemails. The NHS in England must handle


complaints better. That's according to a new government report. It says


there's a culture of delay and denial which needs to change.


Are our streets being lost under a tide of litter? The charity Keep


Britain Tidy thinks we're dropping around thirty million tonnes every


year. It estimates cleaning it up costs more than a billion


Weatherman Paul Hudson looks at the possibility that Northern Europe could be entering a 'little ice age' and explores the implications for supply chains and infrastructure, Toby Foster follows the police trying to stem the tide of illegal cigarettes entering the country and Paul Rose makes the case for children to do more outdoor activities.

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