Episode 3 Planet Earth Live


Episode 3

The global wildlife event continues, as Richard Hammond and Julia Bradbury present the latest news from the lives of the baby bears, lions, elephants, meerkats, monkeys and more.


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Transcript


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May is an incredibly tough month for so many of the world's newest

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and most vulnerable animal babies. We are following some of the babies

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around the world and around the clock as they face some of the

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biggest challenges of their lives. Welcome to Northern Minnesota,

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where May is the crucial time for our newly emerged black bear cubs

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to learn the skills that they need to survive in this wilderness.

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8,000 miles away, it is an equally crucial time for our young animals

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and that is where Richard Hammond It is. Even though this is the

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first dry night since we got here to the Masai Mara, it is the rainy

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season. That make it is tough for the lions. It is all very exciting

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here. There is also a baby elephant

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around here! May is a month unlike any other in the natural world. The

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challenges it brings to the lives of the baby animals around the

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planet are the toughest that they face. Together we are following the

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action, 24/7 and reporting on events as they unfold. Tonight, the

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latest on how the hungry lion cub, mojo is getting on. Julia is

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reporting on developments for the my greating grey whale cubs and

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find out about the dangers facing the baby black bears and we meet

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Swift, a tiny meerkat scratching a living in the Kalahari. These are

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real-life dramas. We are bringing you all the latest twists and turns

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as they happen, both here and on the web.

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It really is very exciting. From the base here in Minnesota, we are

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following the migration of the grey whales as they head up the coast of

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California, 5,000 miles to the feeding grounds in the ARCHIVE:.

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This is the migration that they have to make. I had an encount we

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are a whale in Mexico, it is an incredible experience, the whales

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came to us. The mothers tend to nudge the calves towards you,

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almost encouraging an encounter. It is strange and spectacular, but in

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the boat you still don't get a feel for the size of these enormous sea

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creatures. This is our satellite truck.

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It has been able to beam Planet Earth Live live to you around the

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world. That truck weighs about 13 tonnes. A female grey whale cow

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weighs between 30 and 40 tonnes, that is about three of our trucks.

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This is the length and the size of Australia grey whale calves, about

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now, that is 18 feet. Today is was -- then he was one tonne, today he

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is ten tonnes. He is feeding off his mother's fat-rifpl milk, trying

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to put on blubber for his arduous journey. The mother is starving.

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She has not eaten for months. She still has not evenen on this

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journey, but that is the least of her troubles.

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This is Monterey Bay in California, where a wrong turn could cost the

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grey whale calf its life. This is a crucial point in the

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migration of the grey whales. At this stage they have covered about

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1,000 miles, moving slowly through the waters at no more than five

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miles an hour. The calf sometimes hitching a ride on its mother's

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back. Then they arrive here, there are two options, they can hug the

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coastline, or they can take a short cut across the Monterey cranion. It

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is more than a mile deep. Once they are in these waters, they are

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incredibly vulnerable to an attack by a killer whale.

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The mother and the calf I encountered in Baha will be coming

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through here. I know which option I would go for, but then I'm not an

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ocean giant. I would be quite scared.

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You are standing on my grey whale, get off, thank you very much! We

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have spotters all along the coast of California. They are letting us

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know when it comes in. 1,000 baby calves are leaving the sanctuary of

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the waters of California, we know that one in three will not make the

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journey. We know there are killer whales on the hunt it was only a

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matter of time before our crew got We have a kale that there are

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killer whales so, a possible attack here.

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Well, I'm going to leave you with a cliff hanger. I want you to come

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back later to see what has happened. All I will say it is the most

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remarkable bit of footage. We have captured something on film that has

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never been caught before. It is amazing. It has our team in

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Africa as blown away as the them that filmed it. We will bring you

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that later on. Meanwhile, welcome back to the Masai Mara. We are at

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the northern tip of the Serengeti wastelands.

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But look, I am outside. I am not wet. It is given us a thrill here.

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The place is alive with animals. We will bring you some pictures, but

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before that, just list and enjoy the night... That is the sound of

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the African night. It is magnificent, but we must not forget.

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It is the rainy season, that is why we are here. Times are tough for

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the lions out there. Especially for the two lions that have captivated

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us all, mojo, the cub and his mother. Mojo is skiny, he is

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struggling, he needs a constant supply of meat. It is hard work.

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His mum is trying to find that for him, but of course it is not just

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that, she has to contend with the neighbours from hell. Mojo and his

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mum roam the wilderness. Constantly alert, but they are not just

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searching for food, there are predators to evade. Hyena clans

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patrol the plains. Africa's most common carnivores,

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and they are not fussy about what they eat.

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And with teeth, designed to crush bone, there are no manners at the

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dinner table. Strength in numbers often gives

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them the upper hand against the lions.

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And a clan of hyena, certainly would not hesitate to take on a

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single lioness and her cub. But one of the biggest threats to

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mojo's mum is other lionesss. They may be smaller than the males,

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but they are not to be messed with. Females from other prides could

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attack mojo's mum and chase her off, leaving mojo exposed, but it is

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male lions that mojo should be truly afraid of.

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If one was to find Moja, he would kill him. So he can then further

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his own dynasty. This is called infanticide.

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All that to contend with. Let's not forget that right now she has to

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feed her baby, she has to hunt but the prey is scarce in this rainy

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season. It is a daily struggle, for Moja, he needs meat. If he does not

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eat, the muscle wastes quickly with a young lion. When we heard that

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mum was out hunting, we knew we had no time to waste. I headed straight

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out with Jackson to see her in action.

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Her hunt had been successful. But she was exhausted.

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She was dragging another good-sized warthog over bumpy ground and

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through long thick grass. That is a tough, rainy exhausting

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day she is having. She wants to drag it closer, enough

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so that if she calls, Moja could still hear mum's call and come from

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halfway. She does look so thin.

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And she is panting. Yes.

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Is she listening for the hyena or is she just exhausted? She is

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resting. She is pulling then resting.

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Pulling then resting. It is genuinely exhausting just

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watching! She's left be hind! has left. She is exhausted. She is

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not walking with it. That is a big decision to just

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make? Yeah, but she has to take that gamble.

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And while she is going to get her cub, the hyena could come? We hope

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that they don't come. After an agonising wait, we finally

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saw movement on the horizon. With no hyena's around, Moja can

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finally enjoy a proper meal. Looking at Moja's mum close up,

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Jackson thinks she might be an old friend.

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I've met this lioness before. This is Tamu! I hope you've got goose

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bumps showing, because I did at that moment. I did promise you a

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big story with Moja and his mum. This is it. Jackson believes she is

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a legendary linon es that he knew some year ago. He can piece the

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story of how she and Moja became an outcast. We are getting to that

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later on. First, now, lots of insects, this is the first we have

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seen as it is dry. There are a lot out tonight. Toby's team are

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following the Whiskers group. May has been dry for them, unlike us,

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so that means that they are having to make new decisions about their

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off-spring. This is Swift, a five week-old

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meerkat pup. She is facing a very uncertain future.

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This year, the rains did not come. So food here is very thin on the

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ground. May 2012 is going to be a make or

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break month for Swift. She has a brother and two sisters.

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I'm filming Swift and her large extended family, known as the

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Whiskers Group in this parched corner of the Kalahari. For Swift,

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the advantage of being part of a large family, is that there are

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always many eyes on the look-out for danger.

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The disadvantage is that the limited food must be shared with

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many mouths. So if you are the smallest and the weakest, you will

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lose out. Here, Swift... Hello, little one.

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You're letting me touch you! You are tiny! This year, the meerkats

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have had a very bad year. The odds are not brilliant.

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It's about 50/50 that a meerkat pup will make it to two months old.

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Swift's life will depend on getting enough to eat. The responsibility

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for making sure that she and the rest of the family are well fed,

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rests squarely with the dominant female, Emily. Today, as always,

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she is scouring their territory for good places to forage, but food is

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getting harder and harder to come Swift has to keep up, or she will

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lose out. On top of this, Swift and the pups

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are too small to find their own food.

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Meerkats dig away their own body weight and sand just to get a

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mouthful. So the pups are utterly dependant

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on the adults. There is fierce competition.

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Swift is extremely feisty and determined not to miss out to her

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siblings. In the middle here I can see 12 to

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14 adults foraging around. When they find a pup, they listen, who

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is here in the middle? Swift? Swift's begging means she is

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getting the lion's share of the food, but by late morning, even she

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is going hungry. There is just not enough food.

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Emily is going to have to come up with a plan.

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She leads Swift and the family to the road that marked the edge of

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their territory. There are rich pickings on the

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otherside, but it is a huge risk. A couple of months ago we lost

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three meerkats in a couple of weeks. Swift has never seen a road before.

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She's quickly disorientated. The family start to cross, she has

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to stick with the adults. But she hesitates and gets left

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behind. OK. We have a lorry coming. It is about 30 feet from our

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meerkat. What are you doing? By some miracle

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she make it is. And she is reunited with the family.

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Fortunately, it seems that Emily's gamble has paid off.

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But this full larder belongs to someone else... Emily has led them

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into the territory of a rival group. If those two groups meet there will

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be a full-on fight. The chances are that we could easily lose a pup.

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With the day wearing on, Emily has to make a decision.

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Cross the road back to safety, but little food, or take a chance and

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stay on in the new territory? Either way, Swift's life will be

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put on the line. Well, things are getting tense for

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Swift and her family. Toby and the team are back out in the Kalahari

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in the morning, bringing the latest twists and turns so you can have

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that news on Sunday. We are in North America, we are following the

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migration of the grey whales. We knew there was a possibility that

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killer whales would intercept our greys. It has happened. What we are

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about to show you is very powerful and dramatic footage of nine

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killers moving in to ambush a mother and a calf. It is

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We got a kale in from the sister ship that -- we got a kall in from

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the sister ship that there are some -- call.

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We have a gray whale here on the left. By the time the crew arrived,

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30 minutes later, the killer whales were in the final stages of their

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attack on the gray whale kaf -- calf.

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They had managed to separate the calf from its mother and were

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repeatedly pushing it under the To even witness an attack is

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surprising, but what happened next is truly remarkable. To the best of

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our knowledge it has never been filmed before.

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As the Orca continue their attack, the crew notice two humpback whales

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who seem to be intervening in an effort to protect the gray whale an

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her baby. They appear to be placing their own bodies between the

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wounded gray whale calf and the killer whales.

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Sadly, despite their best efforts, they could not save the calf, but

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the humpback whales remained in the area, following the Orcas, rolling

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and tail-slashing in an effort to prevent the killer whales from

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feeding. Six hours later, the humpbacks were

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still there, but the killers shared the spoils with the albatrosses,

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while the gray whale mother continued her journey north alone.

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Even though we were expecting an attack, there was no guarantee we

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would be able to film it. It is a rare occurrence indeed. It does not

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make it any easier to watch. It is also hard even with the film, to

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actually see what is happening, but there are a couple of things that

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strike you about the encounter. First of all, the method that the

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killer whales use. They are transient, they are bigger than

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other Orcas. You can see the killer whale bearing down on the calf.

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That is the gray calf there. The killers bare down on the calf, to

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push them under the water to drown them. That is the technique. The

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pod works together in order to do that. Something that is common in

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these situations is that the mother, the gray whale mother is obviously

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fighting for the life of her young. She does everything she can to

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protect her calf, including getting between the killer whales and the

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calf and pushing her calf out of the water to prevent it from

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drowning. You can see that calf rise there, lurching out of the

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water. It is extraordinary, it must have been incredible to be so close.

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We are going live to Los Angeles to a live witness.

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This is Elissa, a researcher. Good afternoon to you.

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Good afternoon. You were a few feet away, in the

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boat, what are your observations about the attack, you have

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witnessed several of them? What I saw was a killer whale hitting at

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the gray whale calf. Another looked like it was trying to separate the

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moth frer the calf. Then I saw the head of the calf coming out. Then

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it surfaced and submerged under the water, a young killer whale calf

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popped up when the gray whale calf had gone down. This is unusual.

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Normally they are kept away. This looked like it was a learning

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experience, learning like it was in killer whale school.

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Of course, the Orcas, the killer whales have to feed as well. That

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is what this is about. What is your interpretation of the humpback

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whales' intervention, something never seen before on film?

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never it was amazing. One of the first things that I saw was a

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humpback whale, surfacing exactly where the mother and calf was,

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putting itself in harm's way. It could have been trying to separate

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the gray whales from the killer whales it blew my mind. I did not

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know what was happening. I heard it was giving trumpeting blows and

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tail-slashes. Then there were seven humpbacks in the area. There was a

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lot of food in the area, they should have been feeding but they

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drew together to co-operate. Then they started to follow the killer

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whales around, trumpeting and slashing their flukes, going up to

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them. Sticking their heads up. Then extraordinarily, when a killer

:25:07.:25:12.

whale went on its head to feed on the carcass and the humpback came

:25:12.:25:16.

right up against it, blowing, loudly, it was slashing. Was it

:25:17.:25:24.

some sort of altruism? Was it the female coming to the defence of the

:25:24.:25:28.

calf? Unbelievable. Let me move you on to the sound

:25:28.:25:32.

that the humpback whales made. Listen to this, what does it

:25:32.:25:42.
:25:42.:25:45.

signify from the humpbacks? Wow! That is the trumpeting sound that a

:25:45.:25:50.

humpback whale makes when it is extremely distressed. I have never

:25:50.:25:55.

heard a humpback do it more than twice in a row. It may be when

:25:55.:26:01.

another whale tries to steal its food. We heard that to over several

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hours. They were in agony. These were really upset. They were not

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curious whales, they were unhappy. That was amazing, we have never

:26:10.:26:15.

seen or heard anything like that. Thank you very much for that

:26:15.:26:19.

eyewitness report. Remember more than 1,000 gray whale calves are

:26:19.:26:23.

still migrating along the coast. Trying to get to the Arctic waters,

:26:23.:26:33.

trying to get to their feeding grounds. We have teams out on the

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Bay. We hope to bring you any news. We may be lucky to get more news,

:26:41.:26:46.

the first time in this situation that a humpback has been captured

:26:46.:26:50.

on film in this way. It was not what we were hoping for, but it

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certainly was unexpected. Amazing footage of an amazing story

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and a reminder of what a critical time May is in the natural world.

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It does not end there. Still it come on tonight's show: We

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bring you the latest story from Gremlin, our baby JRR Tolkien.

:27:12.:27:17.

We find out more about -- toque macaque, we find out more about

:27:17.:27:27.
:27:27.:27:30.

Tamu, Moja's mum. It is climbing school for the baby bears.

:27:30.:27:36.

Welcome back to the Masai Mara. It is the rainy season. This is our

:27:36.:27:39.

first night. Everything seems to be coming out to celebrate with us.

:27:39.:27:44.

You can hear the frogs, the crickets, and from our thermal

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camera, there is a hippo. The back is slightly cooler than the rest

:27:49.:27:53.

where it is darker. That has probably been in the water all day,

:27:53.:27:58.

coming out to feed, but when they are out to feed, do not get in

:27:58.:28:03.

their way! Right, moving on, the big story is Moja and his mum. We

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think we have discovered who she is. When I say "we" you, Jackson, you

:28:09.:28:15.

have discovered who she is, Tamu, who is Tamu? Well, ever since I met

:28:15.:28:21.

this lioness, I knew I had med an old friend. Her behaviour tells me

:28:21.:28:26.

that this lioness is special. So, there are mannerisms the way

:28:26.:28:30.

that she moves, that told you, Jackson, I believe you, but you

:28:30.:28:35.

have more proof? Yes, indeed. Her manners. It is like meeting you. I

:28:35.:28:43.

knew your character. Small irritating! But you are --

:28:43.:28:47.

have absolute proof? Yes, here, one of our pecks perts have taken this

:28:47.:28:52.

photograph a few years ago. I have taken this photograph a few days

:28:52.:29:01.

ago. Now look, the whiskers match from here, these three lines and at

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the bottom here and the three whisker spots at the bottom here,

:29:05.:29:10.

they match. This is Tamu. These are like fingerprints on us, they are

:29:10.:29:15.

unique to each lion. So that has clinched it as far as you are

:29:15.:29:19.

concerned. This is exciting. There have been so many questions on

:29:19.:29:26.

Facebook and Twitter, asking why are Moja and Tamu outcast from

:29:26.:29:29.

their pride? Well, this positive ID means that we can understand her

:29:29.:29:38.

story. Tamu was born in the Marsh Pride,

:29:38.:29:47.

one of the most successful lion families in the Masai Mara.

:29:47.:29:52.

By the age of four she was already a formidable hunter.

:29:52.:29:57.

She was often the one to make the kill.

:29:57.:30:05.

Whilst the rest of the pride simply strolled in and ate their fill.

:30:05.:30:13.

Fed up with sharing her hard-won gains, she began to hunt on her own.

:30:13.:30:18.

She moved further and further away from the pride.

:30:18.:30:22.

Until eventually, the bond between her and her family was broken,

:30:22.:30:28.

forever. Tamu, was now an outcast. A loner,

:30:28.:30:38.
:30:38.:30:39.

living on the edge of her homeland. But she still wanted to raise a

:30:39.:30:45.

family. She mated with Notch, the Marsh Pride male.

:30:45.:30:50.

When the other lionesss discovered what she was doing, they chased her

:30:50.:31:00.
:31:00.:31:07.

out of their territory. Tamu gave birth in the know-man's

:31:07.:31:16.

land between two prides. -- no move man's land between two

:31:16.:31:19.

prides. But no her cubs were vulnerable to

:31:20.:31:29.
:31:30.:31:48.

attacks by nomadic males. In her fury, she chased him off.

:31:48.:31:53.

But the fight was not without casualties.

:31:53.:32:01.

One of her cubs was badly injured, the cub died within hours. Another

:32:01.:32:11.
:32:11.:32:15.

two scattered in fear, disappearing into the bush.

:32:15.:32:21.

I know we are all choked up here in Kenya as well. If you think that

:32:21.:32:29.

was emotional, what happens next really proves what an exceptional

:32:29.:32:33.

mum Tamu is. Tamu's young family were in

:32:33.:32:40.

disarray, scattered, but she refused to give up. She and her

:32:40.:32:44.

remaining cub search the area, calling. For two days they tried to

:32:44.:32:50.

track down the lost cubs with no luck. Until, towards the end of the

:32:50.:33:00.
:33:00.:33:02.

second day... Tamu had lost one of her cubs in the fight, but she had

:33:02.:33:07.

successfuly kept three alive without help or protection.

:33:07.:33:15.

With a mother like Tamu, there was every chance that this compelling

:33:15.:33:23.

family might just make it. -- excelling family might just make

:33:23.:33:33.
:33:33.:33:38.

It is stagger, I know. Tamu did successfuly raise two of her

:33:38.:33:42.

surviving cubs, but then she disappeared. Everyone thought she

:33:42.:33:48.

was dead until now. With such an astonishing mother, maybe there is

:33:48.:33:56.

hope for Moja. Let's just stay with the mum thing. We know how critical

:33:56.:34:01.

mums are for survival of young babies around the world.

:34:01.:34:10.

So let's eGo go further to Toby. We have a Gremlin who passed a

:34:10.:34:14.

little bit of a milestone. Gavin was there to film it this morning.

:34:14.:34:22.

He sent this in. This is Gremlin.

:34:22.:34:25.

A ten-week-old baby toque macaque. She is the daughter of a low-

:34:25.:34:30.

ranking female. In the strictly hierarchal toque macaque society,

:34:30.:34:33.

this makes her just about the lowest of the low.

:34:33.:34:38.

Mum is too busy getting enough to eat to look after her, so Gremlin

:34:38.:34:48.
:34:48.:34:53.

is having to learn life's lessons, the hard way.

:34:53.:35:01.

Gremlin has just woken up. The dawn of a new day for her in a

:35:01.:35:09.

big confusing world. All around her, family members

:35:09.:35:19.
:35:19.:35:20.

groom, hug and make faces at each other, but what does this all mean?

:35:20.:35:26.

The entire troop's social structure revolves around a complex series of

:35:26.:35:32.

posturing, teeth-bearing and calls that the little Gremlin has to

:35:32.:35:38.

learn quickly in order to live her life in the group. As such a low-

:35:38.:35:42.

ranking monkey, she will not get anywhere without being able to say

:35:42.:35:52.
:35:52.:35:58.

the equivalent of, "Sorry.",, "Excuse me." And, "Thank you."

:35:58.:36:04.

Adults will not stop to remind her who is the boss and their methods

:36:04.:36:10.

are harsh. These are painful lessons for a baby toque macaque,

:36:10.:36:14.

especially when you have no idea you have done something wrong. The

:36:14.:36:18.

truth is, she has not done anything wrong, she is just the lowest of

:36:18.:36:25.

the low and being told this in no uncertain terms.

:36:25.:36:30.

Despite getting a few clips around the ear. She is eager to learn, so

:36:30.:36:36.

when the older ones play, she wants to be involved too, but has to ask

:36:36.:36:46.
:36:46.:37:08.

nicely first. It's a lesson on who to approach

:37:08.:37:18.

safely... And who is best left well alone.

:37:18.:37:25.

Hector is king of the Temple Troop. The enforcer of toque macaque law.

:37:25.:37:30.

He has led the troop with an iron first for the last two years and

:37:30.:37:37.

will not tolerate any insubordination from upstarts,

:37:37.:37:43.

adult or baby. If he looks you in the eye you must express omission

:37:43.:37:47.

or a beating. They chatter their teeth here in

:37:47.:37:57.
:37:57.:37:59.

homage to the king. If Gremlin plays this right, she

:37:59.:38:08.

will escape punishment. If she gets it wrong, not even her

:38:08.:38:18.
:38:18.:38:22.

mother will be able to stop hector enforcing his law.

:38:22.:38:32.
:38:32.:38:35.

Bingow. She's done it! Wow. Well that does not seem insignificant in

:38:35.:38:39.

human terms but that teeth chatter is effectively her first words.

:38:39.:38:48.

Learning to say excuse me, don't hit me! Really sweet.

:38:48.:38:54.

For Gremlin it is a vital stepping stone to adult life. She has said

:38:54.:38:58.

her first words and opened up a world of possibilities.

:38:58.:39:06.

For the time being, at least. Absolutely vital that Gremlin

:39:06.:39:10.

learns how the big society work there is. I like the chattering bit.

:39:10.:39:16.

We do that with our executive producer, we all d that when we say

:39:16.:39:20.

something that we agree with him. We are keeping you up-to-date with

:39:20.:39:26.

Gremlin and her news, with the latest news on Sunday. Lack back to

:39:26.:39:31.

Minnesota, to the land of 10,000 lakes and home to 25,000 wild black

:39:31.:39:35.

bears, but if you come down to the woods today, you are very unlikely

:39:35.:39:40.

to have an encounter with a wild bare. We have this access because

:39:40.:39:47.

of one man, Dr Lynn Rogers. Up until 20 years ago Dr Lynn

:39:47.:39:51.

Rogers used tranquilising as a way of getting research and getting

:39:51.:39:57.

close to the bears m but then developed a new method. He call it

:39:57.:40:04.

is the upclose method. When I say close, he gets so close, he smells

:40:04.:40:08.

the braeth of bears. He experimented with getting the bears

:40:08.:40:12.

to associate voice with food. Overcoming his fear, he learned to

:40:12.:40:18.

gain the trust of wild bears with a treat.

:40:18.:40:22.

He discovered that bears would let him into their world and he became

:40:22.:40:27.

the first person on earth who could study these large carnivores at

:40:27.:40:37.
:40:37.:40:38.

close-range. Incredible, this is the only place

:40:38.:40:43.

in the world you can get this close to wild, black bears. A lot have

:40:43.:40:47.

been asking about the collars that you saw in the films, here they are.

:40:47.:40:54.

They are GPS collars. They have two unionities. This is where the GPS

:40:54.:40:59.

device goes. It feed backs signals every hour on the motions and

:40:59.:41:04.

movements on the bears. It enables us to chart where the bears are

:41:04.:41:08.

moving and how they move in different territory. So very

:41:08.:41:12.

important. This bit is the radio section, this allows us to track

:41:12.:41:17.

and find the bears on a daily basis. That is what is helping us to track

:41:17.:41:22.

the bears on a daily basis. Some of you are concerned that they are

:41:22.:41:27.

uncomfortable. Well, let me tell you it is not heavy. A wild black

:41:27.:41:33.

bear weighs anything between 250 and up to even 600 pounds. So this

:41:33.:41:37.

is like wearing a watch for the bear. If they found them

:41:38.:41:41.

uncomfortable, they would not allow Dr Lynn Rogers and his team to put

:41:42.:41:48.

them on. Trust me, they they are big enough to let them know.

:41:48.:41:53.

Now spring came early, so the bears were forced from hibernation

:41:53.:41:58.

earlier than they should have been. They are smaller and weaker than

:41:58.:42:01.

they should have been. Dr Lynn Rogers is scared for some of the

:42:01.:42:11.
:42:11.:42:44.

cubs. In particular he is worried about Sophie, Sam and Julia.

:42:44.:42:54.
:42:54.:43:05.

Even you think they are cute after They have got great personalities,

:43:05.:43:11.

now, these guys? Yeah, their legs are growing good. All of a sudden

:43:11.:43:15.

they are getting the long-legged look.

:43:15.:43:20.

You think that they have a good chance, though, a litter of three?

:43:20.:43:28.

Yes. A litter of two, that is good, you get up to four, then the

:43:28.:43:35.

survival drops to a half. So three is the optimum size? Yes, that is

:43:35.:43:39.

the most common litter size for the matture females.

:43:39.:43:45.

How do they fare in the rain? tries to keep them dry. If they get

:43:45.:43:50.

wet she licks them a lot. She responds to every cry.

:43:50.:43:55.

If they say they are cold, she will let them snuggle in and curl up

:43:55.:44:01.

around them. And they need all the help that

:44:01.:44:06.

they can get. I mean, look at how skinny they are.

:44:06.:44:11.

They are a bit too skinny for your liking? Yes. This is the tough

:44:11.:44:20.

month, like they say, you know? Well, I hope they all make it.

:44:20.:44:30.
:44:30.:44:38.

Yes. I was not expecting Dr Lynn Rogers

:44:39.:44:46.

to be as concerned about the three cubs as he is. Over the years he

:44:46.:44:54.

has morphed into a bit of a bear himself. He makes all these bear

:44:54.:44:59.

noises. But every time I get close to the

:44:59.:45:06.

bears, I think of you with the lions, so be careful! Well, I'm not

:45:06.:45:14.

worried about the lions, there is a hippo over there and other animals

:45:14.:45:19.

mooching about is a hyena and an elephant, but Planet Earth Live is

:45:19.:45:26.

about much more than pointing and saying, "Look, hyena." We want to

:45:26.:45:31.

tell their stories, that is the whole point of the adventure. So as

:45:31.:45:37.

well as telling the stories of the lions, we are here following the

:45:37.:45:41.

elephants. They are safe here, but beyond

:45:42.:45:48.

there, they could anybody peril. Yesterday we introduced you to an

:45:48.:45:53.

elephant who did get into trouble. Sylvia is an experienced matriarch,

:45:53.:45:59.

the leader of her family. The herd, known as the Royals is one of the

:45:59.:46:04.

largest and most stable in Samburu. Sylvia enjoys the support of many

:46:04.:46:14.
:46:14.:46:15.

sisters, cousins and nieces. But she is in grave danger.

:46:16.:46:20.

Last year, she was shot by poachers when her herd strayed outside of

:46:20.:46:25.

the reserve. The bullet passed through the soft tissue under her

:46:25.:46:32.

chin, broke her jaw and left a hole that constantly dribblings saliva,

:46:32.:46:38.

but that is not her real problem. The bullet left a serious wound

:46:38.:46:44.

that has never healed it is now infected and is swelling by the day.

:46:44.:46:53.

Her life is in danger. About a week ago, Sylvia gave birth

:46:53.:47:03.

to a calf, little Pinkfoot. She has a rare genetic trait that

:47:03.:47:07.

means some of her skin has not developed pigment in the same way

:47:07.:47:17.
:47:17.:47:20.

as the rest of her body. Giving her her dis tinkive pink feet.

:47:20.:47:25.

-- distinctive. Even at this young age, Pinkfoot needs as much as 11

:47:25.:47:35.
:47:35.:47:35.

litres of milk every day. She's totally dependant on mum.

:47:35.:47:40.

But with the very real possibility of Sylvia's infection becoming

:47:40.:47:49.

fatal, a dark cloud hangs over little Pinkfoot's young life.

:47:49.:47:54.

I know! I know! But dark cloud or not, if I can offer you a glimmer

:47:54.:48:00.

of hope, there is a team who are dedicated to preserving and looking

:48:00.:48:03.

after the elephants in Samburu. Tomorrow we are following them to

:48:03.:48:08.

watch as they try to save her life. We will bring you the results, I

:48:08.:48:12.

promise. Meanwhile, we have been following two young elephant tear

:48:12.:48:19.

aways, they are Grace and Sky. They are sief safe in the confines of

:48:19.:48:24.

the herd, right now we are going to watch them live. Right now, Grace

:48:24.:48:29.

and Sky's lives are filled with new experiences. Everything that they

:48:29.:48:34.

do is new and exciting. There is a lot to learn, especially what to do

:48:34.:48:39.

with that thing in the middle of their face. Their trunks are more

:48:39.:48:42.

like run away limbs than something useful. That is no surprise,

:48:42.:48:48.

whether you are learning how to control 100,000 muscles and tendons

:48:48.:48:53.

all at the same time. Using the trunk is a tricky bus, especially

:48:53.:49:03.
:49:03.:49:05.

when you want to be just like mum. Even simple games hold valuable

:49:05.:49:12.

life lessons. Like using mud as sunscreen.

:49:12.:49:16.

Elephant skin can be almost four centimetres thick in places, but it

:49:16.:49:20.

still needs protection from the scorching heat, but one thing that

:49:20.:49:25.

elephants don't have to learn is how to have fun in water. Elephants

:49:25.:49:29.

relish water whenever they find it. They use it to cool off in the heat

:49:29.:49:36.

of the day when the temperatures soar to 40dweings heat, but more

:49:36.:49:40.

than this, -- 40 degrees heat, but more than this, they just seem to

:49:40.:49:44.

love splashing about. Wherever there is a water hole in

:49:44.:49:48.

Samburu, you are sure to find elephants.

:49:48.:49:58.
:49:58.:50:05.

The trouble is, it can all get a little bit wet and slippery.

:50:06.:50:11.

I know! It is stunning! There were hoots of laughter coming from the

:50:11.:50:16.

tent where the gallery is. It is gorgeous watching them play.

:50:16.:50:21.

Learning how to be elephants, but these are a reminder of how

:50:21.:50:26.

vulnerable the elephant calves are, how much they need their mothers

:50:26.:50:31.

and families around them, but that is the joy watching that. If you

:50:31.:50:36.

have wondered what it is like to have a trunk, it is not like a nose

:50:36.:50:41.

you can wiggle, it is the movement of the trunk and the middle, they

:50:41.:50:46.

have to use it for grooming, eating, social bonding. It is their hands,

:50:46.:50:55.

but look, you can do it, try it! Try it Julia! When you have a nose

:50:55.:50:59.

this large, you don't need a trunk, let me tell you. Welcome back to

:50:59.:51:03.

the woods, which as we said are full of predators, like these. This

:51:03.:51:07.

is a wonderful. It is very important that the black bears

:51:07.:51:16.

learn the art of escape. Around here, that is to learn how to shoot

:51:17.:51:22.

up a tree! This is a wild forest. There is nothing manicured about

:51:22.:51:26.

this environment. There is an amazing array of trees around here,

:51:26.:51:32.

but not all trees are good climbing trees for the black bears.

:51:32.:51:38.

This beauty is a red pine. It is a nice, mature tree. It looks like it

:51:38.:51:43.

should abgood climber, but it is not, because the bark just peels

:51:43.:51:51.

away. So the little claws will dig in... And then frul away.

:51:51.:51:58.

-- and fen fall away. So we have a paper birch next door

:51:58.:52:03.

to a creda here. I show you why, look at that. So not a great

:52:03.:52:09.

climbing tree and also slippy. The creda on the other hand, a nice

:52:09.:52:18.

juicy trunk and it can get a really good perch on that. That is a good

:52:18.:52:22.

climber. Finally, this is actually the

:52:23.:52:28.

perfect black bear climbing tree. A mature white pine. Look at the bark.

:52:28.:52:33.

It is very sturdy and solid. It does not come away at all. So

:52:33.:52:36.

imagine the claws clinging into that. When you go up to the top,

:52:36.:52:42.

there is lots of protection. It is strong and sturdy with its strong

:52:43.:52:47.

branches and pro techs from the rain and the sunshine for the cubs.

:52:47.:52:54.

You can see how protected. This is one of Juliet's day beds, it has

:52:54.:53:00.

been raining all morning, but it is perfectly dry and comfortable here.

:53:00.:53:04.

I would not mind lying down there. Have you ever seen anything so

:53:04.:53:09.

cute? If we were not hear, living and breathing bears we would not be

:53:09.:53:14.

able to bring you the daily pictures up-to-date. Just because I

:53:14.:53:24.
:53:24.:53:24.

Apology for the loss of subtitles for 53 seconds

:53:24.:54:17.

can, I am going to bring you more No cubs were harmed during the

:54:17.:54:23.

making of that film! And lsz, just to point out, that -- and also just

:54:23.:54:29.

to point out, even if the accidents looked nasty, the black bears are

:54:30.:54:33.

very bouncy and very good at falling out of trees. That is very

:54:33.:54:37.

good news. I just want to tell you about

:54:37.:54:41.

elephant names, but if you want to look back, that is my guard keeping

:54:41.:54:46.

an eye on the hippo I showed you. One thing you should never do is

:54:46.:54:51.

get between a hippo and water, we kind of are, but there have been

:54:51.:54:56.

thousands of suggests on Facebook and Twitter for the names of this

:54:56.:55:00.

little girl, when it comes to a name we know she will have to be

:55:00.:55:07.

strong it is a tough life. The Samburu team love the name Maya

:55:08.:55:17.

after Maya Angelou. So, it was suggested also by a few of you,

:55:17.:55:23.

what a well-educated bunch of viewers. I like it. Maya, do you

:55:23.:55:30.

like it, Juliet? Does it work? like it.

:55:30.:55:35.

We have had thousands of names, as soon as you say we want a name, we

:55:35.:55:40.

are flooded, but that is good. We want you to be involved. It is very

:55:40.:55:43.

much what we want from the programme. You are a part of the

:55:43.:55:48.

programme. There are a few golden rules when it comes to natural film

:55:48.:55:53.

making, one is don't let the monkeys get anywhere near your I

:55:53.:56:03.
:56:03.:56:35.

chemical weaponment, never! -- your If you want to watch that little

:56:35.:56:45.
:56:45.:56:50.

monkeying around video, go online A lot of monkeying around, we don't

:56:50.:56:58.

have that problem with the bears, their paws are too big. The big

:56:58.:57:03.

story at the moment is that Juliet and the three cubs are not doing so

:57:03.:57:07.

well. The cub came out of hibernation earlier. They are

:57:07.:57:11.

playful when we go to see them. I have spent time with them. They

:57:11.:57:15.

look playful, but they are very, very thin. Dr Lynn Rogers is very

:57:15.:57:19.

concerned about them. So that is the story that we are watching here

:57:19.:57:23.

in Minnesota in the woods here. We really need to stay on top of the

:57:23.:57:28.

progress of the three cubs. We are bringing the latest news about them

:57:28.:57:34.

on Sunday's Planet Earth Live show. We may even have some more of them

:57:34.:57:36.

climbing trees as it just looks so good.

:57:36.:57:41.

There is so much coming up to show you. So much we are still following

:57:41.:57:49.

on Planet Earth Live! Lonely lion cub Moja has his belly full for now,

:57:49.:57:58.

but how will he fare in the coming days? Pinkfoot, can her mother

:57:59.:58:03.

protect her? And what about Swift and the family decide? Stay in

:58:03.:58:07.

enemy territory or brave the dangers of the road? Keep up to

:58:08.:58:13.

date with everything on the web and on Twitter and Facebook:

:58:13.:58:17.

Remember, these are real stories we are following. They are going on

:58:17.:58:21.

right now. Real animals all around the world. We have crews following

:58:21.:58:25.

them every day. They are working even as I speak. We will bring you

:58:25.:58:29.

The massive live global wildlife event continues, as Richard Hammond and Julia Bradbury provide live updates from around the world, with the latest news and drama from the lives of the baby bears, lions, elephants, meerkats, monkeys, whales, otters and more.

These charming animal characters are struggling to survive their most challenging month of the year and the most critical moment of their lives. Join the team for the very latest in this real-time, real-life animal drama as they follow their unfolding stories day by day.


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