Episode 4 Planet Earth Live

Episode 4

Richard Hammond and Julia Bradbury have the latest news on the three-week wildlife event. For the animals they are following, May is the most challenging month of their lives.

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Right now it's make or break time for animals across the world. From


here in North America, around the globe, from Sri Lanka to South


Africa, we're following the daily daum yaz of these animals, as they


unfold every step of the way -- Hello I'm live in the Kenyan Masai


Mara. It's lunch time for Julia in the USA. It's gone 10pm here in


Africa. In the Northern Hemisphere it's spring. In the Tropics, the


rainy season has changed everything for our lions and elephants. There


is so much going on. May is a month unlike any other in


the natural world. The challenges it brings to the lives of baby


animals around the planet are the toughest they will ever face.


We've got teams stationed around the globe, following the action


24/7 and reporting on events as they unfold. Tonight, we bring you


the latest on the attempt to save elephant Sylvia's life, after she


was shot by poachers. Julia discovers why year old bear


cubs have been attacked by their mothers at this time of year. And


we travel to South Africa, to find out if Swift and her family spent


the night in enemy territory or braved the trorz of the road.


-- terrors of the road. None of us know what their fate will be.


Whatever it is, we will bring you the latest twists and turns in


their stories, as they happen, both hor and on the web.


-- here and on the web. Hello and welcome a very windy


Minnesota. We're surrounded by thousands of lakes, millions of


rustling trees and 25,000 black bears. Of course, spring came early


here. And then suddenly it kicked into reverse with heavy snowfall,


into reverse with heavy snowfall, really putting our young bear


families to the test It's not just the tiny black bears having a tough


time here, throughout May. Our juveniles, the yearlings are facing


tough times as they get ready for family break up, when they're


forced from the family group to fend for themselves for the first


time. We'll of course, have the latest on Sam, Sophie and Sybil,


the young bear cubs we've been following closely. We've got our


concern abouts little Sybil. We've got the very latest from experts on


those incredible scenes in California, when humpbacks


intervened on a killer whale attack on grey whales.


Join me for the bear and whale news later on. Now let's go 8,000 miles


back to Richard, where he's waiting under the stars.


Thank you Julia. I am under the stars. There's no rain, in the


rainy season. Welcome back to Kenya and the heart of the Savannah where


we're following the lion, specifically two particular ones


crews have been following, baby cup Moja and his mother. They are


outcasts, living outside their pride. They are struggling. These


are the latest pictures we have of them, taken just yesterday. Moja


was holed up in his den. Our crews couldn't get near him. His mum was


out hunting for him. This is the hardest time to be a lion in the


Masai Mara. This is why. It's the rainy season. The graest


wildebeest migration is a month or more away. The plains are empty.


With hardly any food around, Moja is at risk of starvation. Oh,


that's a harsh picture. But he does have something in his favour. An


incredible mum. She is an exceptional hunter. If anyone can


get Moja through these lean times, something to hunt. Right now, at


this time of year, prey is scarce in the Mara. That means lions are


taking on some dangerous prey. Moja's mum knows every nook and


cranny of her territory. There are many secret hide-outs where she can


keep Moja safe while she scans the plains. Male warthogs are strong,


fast and armed with deadly tusks. She spots a huge one. It's a gamble


she's got to take. She leaves Moja safe in his den. The hunt is on. An


adult warthog can run as fast as she can, but she has better


acceleration. She needs to close the gap. The bushes provide perfect


Apology for the loss of subtitles for 46 seconds


thoughts are with Moja. She needs high yeen yaz are quickly on the


scene. The boar is as big as she is. She needs all her strength to drag


ground surrounded by water, the That hunt was filmed by wildlife


camera operator Sophie Darlington who's been filming lions for 20


years, out in the field all day, every day for months, sometimes


years on end. I went out to meet Sophie just after Moja's mum made


that kill to see what she made of our lioness star.


When I got there, Moja and his mum were relaxed and happy after a very


here. You come on that side. Mind your head. I'm minding it. Sorry.


Keep low. That is quite lovely. It's clear that Sophie is


developing a close bond with Moja's mum. She is the most stunning and


astonishing lion, because of her strength, the fact she's surviving


against althe odds and she has got a cub. She shouldn't do that


because she's tough and she's surviving against the odds and, I


don't know, maybe a part of mef as a mummy self-to a little boy and --


a part of me, as a mum myself to a little boy and I feel empathy.


Now, I have an announcement to make, there has been a development, quite


a significant one. You may have noticed during that film, I refer


to Moja's mum as Moja's ma'am and not as Tamu, when only on the other


show we said we were pretty sure we had identified her as Tamu, a


linion first filmed bit BBC six years ago. Since then we've heard


from other experts who disagree with our experts, because they say


and people on Facebook and Twitter as well, that they're pretty sure


she's not that lion. This is the thing, these are wild lions. They


don't generally carry ID. So what it means is there is some mystery


surrounding the identity of Moja's mum. I know, I kind of quite like


that. Whoever she is, wherever she's come, from the one thing we


know for certain, she's learned some amazing and unusual skills to


be able to look after her son in these testing times. Sophie, she


has, hasn't she? Yes. You've spent many hours in the field with her,


whoever she is. Why do you think she's such an exceptional lion?


she's such an exceptional lion? She's unusual because she's on her


own. She has no support or back up, no pride. She's out there hunting


and guarding Moja. She's smart. She's using a tree to look out for


predators and prey. She's hunting. She's so strong. She's hunting


warthog, taking down stuff that could be lethal to her, really


dangerous. She's really brave. wort hog was nearly as big as her.


Using trees is unusual for lions. They do do it. She's canny. She's


also hunting in daylight. Camerawoman's dream! Good for you,


but dangerous for the lion. It's fantastic. She's doing it because


she's avoiding other lions, she's smart. In many ways she's proving


herself to be quite a unique thing. I like the fact that the mystery is


till. There the thing is, what does this mean for Moja? We do know that,


well, whatever it means above all else, with an exceptional mother


like his to look after him, to protect and feed him, he stands a


better chance of making it through these testing times. Jewel ya, I


don't know about you, I think that's actually added to this


mystery back to Moja's mum. Whatever Moja's mum is called, she


is indeed a marvellous mum. Today I can say happy Mother's Day to her,


because it's Mother's Day in America. Welcome back to


magnificent Minnesota. The forecast was for a nice, spring, calm day.


You'll notice by our microphone and if you look out there onto the lake,


it's windier than we anticipated. Our cameraman has been out there


for hours. Thank goodness he's wearing a lifejacket. We're


surrounded by wonderful trees, marvellous wildlife and of course,


thousands of black bears. Let's meet some of those families, one of


those families. This is Juliet, our experienced


black bear muma. She's nine years old and this is her third litter.


Her dark faced male cub Sam is a tinker, who loves playing around


with his sister Sophie. The two of them like a bit of rough and tumble


them like a bit of rough and tumble and enjoy one another's company.


Sybil is the smallest of the three cubs. She's turning into a bit of a


loner. Sybil is now really beginning to


look like the runt of the litter. While her brother and sister Sam


and Sophie are building up strength, constantly toying with one another


and play fighting. Sybil is being left out, possibly suffering. She


isn't bulking up enough. She's missing out on important social


skills. Dr Lynn Rogers, our bear specialist s, concerned about her


because she is looking skinny. The play fighting becomes very serious


when it gets down to feeding wh. It gets down to feeding, it's all


about nipple order. Bears have three sets of nipples.


With those producing the richest milk at the top of the chest. The


cubs fight fiercely over which nipple they suckle from. In this


case, Sybil is being forced from the top nipples to those further


down. Sam especially won't allow Sybil to suckle on his favourite


nipple, guarding it ferociously, as if guarding a territory.


Sybil is left with the less rich milk from lower down Juliet's chest,


meaning her development is stunted compared to her brother and sister.


The cub litter survival rate for a litter of three is quite good,


about 82%. When you unpack that it means 2.45 of the cubs of a litter


of three will survive. So obviously, we're rooting for Sybil. We want


her to be at the right end of that statistic. It's so vital that our


bears eat properly, because they won't make it through the next


hibernation if they don't reach a certain rate. A malnourished black


bear doesn't reproduce successfully either. Earlier in the series, we


introduced you to another black bear, that was Jewel. She's a first


time mum. These are her slivering cubs Herbie and Fern who got caught


in the snow because Jewel didn't know what to do, because of her


experience, she left them out in minus ten degrees far too long. But


very luckily, they did survive because Jewel managed to turn it


around. She eventually gave them the warmth that they need. Let's


lock at that family from yesterday. Let's get the latest pictures from


them. They're looking healthy, bouncy, they're climbing trees. Mum


is occasionally making the odd mistake, look a little whack there


to Herbie. You can hear the contented humming sound as her cubs


suckle and of course, just two cubs so it mean that's they both get the


top nipples. So that's very good news for them. So, we're live near


Minnesota. We've been live in Kenya. Now we have the latest news on our


meerkat family from theical hara in South Africa. These are the very


latest pictures. ( this is Swift, a five week old baby meerkat. She's


part of a large family known as the Whiskers. Last time she hay close


shave crossing a busy road to get to a richer supply of food. What


are you doing? It was a case of out of the frying pan and into the fire.


Cameraman Toby is following their lives out in this dry corner of the


Kalahari desert. May can be a tough time of year for meerkats, as food


is thin on the ground. This year is worse than usual. The rains have


failed and food is even harder to find. That's why the leader of the


Whiskers family has led them to a rival group's patch who go by the


name of kung fu. If this family find the group


stealing from their larder, there will be hell to pay. Swift could


easily become a casualty. Temperatures today are soaring into


the high 30s. Despite the heat, Swift is keen to find her own lunch.


It's a giant mill peed and it has a toxic skin. So Swift has to master


the art of dragging it across the sand to remove the foul taste. The


rest of the family are nervous. They know how dangerous being in


enemy territory is. So everyone's on red alertment Suddenly, there's


an alarmment -- alarm. Swift is too involved in her mill peed to notice.


The family rapidly regroup. At last Swift realises something's up and


runs for her life. In everyone comes. Everyone's up. All these


eyes, all these eyes are keeping an eye out, what is it? They're


nervous as the adults. Guys, concentrate. But it's a false alarm.


It's not the enemy or a bird of prey, it's just a harmless vulture.


Oh, falling asleep, little sister. All this excitement has been too


much for tiny Swift. They're sort of relaxing in the shade of this


tree. After an alarm call, everyone gets quite frisky and playful, look


at that. It's sort of a release of long. They've got to keep moving.


This desert offers such meagre pickings. Swift's got to get used


to these all-day foraging trips. Everyone keeps moving deeper into


enemy territory. By dusk they're far from home. It's too late to


turn back now. So they've quickly got to find somewhere safe to spend


the night. But the nearest burrow is anything but safe. Kung fu,


another meerkat group. This is their burrow deep in their


territory. Now Whiskers have been caught out by the time and are


having to spend the night here. They won't be approaching the


burrow as they do to one of their own. There they're a lot more


nervous, a lot more sniffing, more observant. There's a meerkat, part


-- if I were a meerkat, part of the Whiskers group, I would not sleep


here tonight. Swift's brave cousin Ernesto is one of the first to


check out the hole for danger. It seems clear. They take a chance.


But would they bump into the enemy deep under ground? The following


morning, the meerkats are slow to rise. Spending the night in their


arch enemy's bed was a dangerous decision, but was it the right one?


First meerkat's up. About half the group are up. One pup. Thankfully


everyone's here. The enemy group must have used one of their other


burrows. With Swift an the other three pups accounted for, everyone


is up soaking in the sun's first rays. But half an hour later, a


little hunched figure emerges. Ernesto Swift's cousin is in


trouble. It looks as if he's been bitten by a snake. The venom is


already starting to take hold. can see the mark on hills head here,


his right eye. It's very nearly closed and that general lass tued,


drooping, compare his posture to the other meerkats. They're agile,


aware, light. This is a sick, sick animal. Snakes are a constant


danger for Swift and her family. This desert is home to some of the


most venomous in the world, including cape cobras. The meerkats


response when they meet one is to mob it en masse. They have


astonishing reflexes and somehow avoid every strike. If they come


face to face with one in the depths of the burrow, the skrout come is


very different. -- the outcome is very different. Imagine it last


night, cobra in the dark, this one takes the hit. Poor little Ernesto,


somehow he's managed to drag himself out of the enemy burrow to


be with the family. He's put his life on the line for


Swift and the rest of the family. Will he pay the ultimate price for


stuff. Toby and his team will bring you the next instalment as soon as


they can. Meantime, I guess it's fingers crossed for Ernesto. Turns


out me might -- he might make it. I've been talking to experts, and


they say there's enough venom in a cobra bite to kill me and you, but


meerkats, even though they only weigh less than a kilo, they have a


bit of tolerance. So there say chance that Ernesto might be tough


enough to pull through something that would fell you or I. Fingers


crossed. Welcome back to the Masai Mara in Kenya. This is the rainy


season, but it's not raining. It means things might get busier, if


only with the insects. We have our thermal camera here. There it is.


First time we've seen the cam ra. To be honest, it doesn't look much,


after all the fuss we've made. on there at the moment? Some trees


and that will be a hipo. That glowing lump between the trees is a


hipo. They come out of the water at night to browse and forage for food


and graze. They can travel about five kilometres in a single night


looking for food. That's probably more hippos in the background I


suspect. More shots from the thermal camera as the evening


progresses. We're not here just to look at hippos in the dark and


follow the story of our lions either. A couple of hundred mile


north, we have camera cruise in Samburu, where the rainy season


means different news for the elephants, heralding in new life.


Samburu is in the middle of a baby boom. This has already been a


bumper year with almost 50 new arrivals.


I've been flying north to follow their progress. As commutes go,


this isn't bad. Elephant babies are utterly dependent on mum and their


family to protect them. If they get all the love and care they need,


they're free to start exploring their world. But elephants wander


far and wide in search of food and poaching outside of the reserve is


an ever present threat. Many families have been hit hard by


illegal hunting. Without their elders to guide them, young mums


are struggling to get to grips with motherhood and some older elephants


like Sylvia, are carrying life threatening bullet wounds. On


Thursday, we saw how the wound in Sylvia's jaw was infected and was


swelling day by day. Now the thing is, it's not just Sylvia's life


we're worried about. She gave birth to a calf only a few days ago,


Little Pink Foot. Obviously, pink foot is in danger, though she's


entirely unaware of the big cloud hanging over her life.


Little Pink Foot is just nine days old. Sylvia is an experienced and


atentive mother despite the bullet wound, she's making sure her calf


gets everything she needs. Little Pink Foot has a big sister to lock


after her too. They are very close, even though she has no milk, Little


Pink Foot suckles from her for comfort and reassurance. Sylvia's


condition is becoming critical. If she dies, there would be no-one to


feed Little Pink Foot and she would almost certainly starve to death.


Watching over the herds are David and his team from save the


elephants. They've been monitoring Sylvia. They know they need to take


action. Treating such a huge wild animal is fraught with danger, for


the elephant and the team. But the wound is so serious, David believes


it's a risk they must take. First, anaesthetic to have an effect.


Things are looking good. Little Pink Foot is with her sister, out


of harm's way. Sylvia is easily accessible and the other herd


members are a safe distance away. Sylvia's becoming drouzy. Sensing


danger, she calls to her family. Little Pink Foot rushes back. Now


she's underneath her mother, all three tons of her. This should be


the safeest place in the world for her, but Sylvia's about to collapse.


When she does, she could crush her calf. David has to do something.


But Little Pink Foot will not leave her mother's side. Now as we saw,


and perhaps more importantly, heard there, it was Sylvia's cry that


changed everything and that's the point at which her calf's life was


put in danger. Elephants are capable of really complicated


communication. Experts have identified about 70 specific sounds


already and they reckon that's only scratching the surface. Here's the


thing, David has sedated more than 100 elephants so far. He reckons


they always make the same noise at about the same time when they


realise something is going wrong. Let's hear it again.


That's the noise Sylvia made. David reckon that's noise means danger,


get out of here. So it's not surprising when baby pink foot


heard that noise, rushed in to be near mum. The thing is, that's when


it got tricky because Sylvia had been sedated. She couldn't really


move and she was probably only moments away from falling down


unconscious, which would have been disastrous. There was no way her


daf was going to leave. David faced an -- her calf was going to leave.


David faced an agonising choice. If David moved in himself, he risked


Sylvia falling on him and crushing him. He -- if he did nothing, baby


to get the calf out of the way. She weighs almost 16 stone, 100 kilo


grams. Forcing her to leave her mum is not easy.


They get her out of the way just in Foot panics.


Her family hear the calf's calls of distress and close in.


Her sister looks like she might charge. The team have to get Little


Pink Foot back to the herd as quickly as possible.


A baby elephant's eye sight is poor. They'll instinctively follow large


moving objects, perhaps thinking they're members of the herd. The


team use their vehicles to lead sister, the team get to work. The


abscess is huge. It needs to be service gives Sylvia antibiotics to


help her fight the infection. She is just one of hundreds of


elephants that are shot every year. Many die slowly and painfully.


Sylvia is lucky that the reserve is part of her territory. It's a safe


haven, where help is at hand. When he's finished treating her, the vet


family, but in the wrong direction. David uses the car to shepherd


united. Little Pink Foot can relax in the safety of her herd.


When we keep talking about elephants feeling emotions, we're


not just being soft. Scientists say they can prove they feel them. You


saw them in that film, joy, anger, compassion and love. Scientists


reckon their attachment to their families rival their own. It was a


procher's bullet that caused all that pain, upset and grief. We are


packing a lot into the show, as always. There is so much more


coming up from our crews around the world right now.


Still to come in the show, how with Moja react to a new run-in with the


high evena clan and with Tocque Macaque baby Gremlin get away with


eating another group's figs. Welcome back to the windy wood.


Sorry if I'm shouting. It's difficult to hear out here. It's


not just little black bear cubs out here, there are yearlings out there


as well. They are one-year-old. They're the older cubs. Let's look


at our big black bear family tree, right at top we have Shadow. She's


25 years old and she's had at least nine or ten litters. Juliet and


June are her daughters. Juliet we're following the story of Sam,


Sophie and little Sybil. I want to concentrate on June and her two


yearlings, Aster and Aspen. There yearlings, Aster, a young female


and her brother Aspen. They're just over a year old and


enjoying their second spring with mum.


It's an adventurous existence. Days involve playing with the family,


foraging for food and climbing trees. Mum's teaching them all the


skills they need, ready for life on their mother are drawing to a close.


Sleeping soundly and suckling will soon be a thing of the past. It's


time for family break up. Mother June is coming into season


and the yearlings will soon be seen as competitors for food. This break


up always begins in May and is traumatic for the youngsters. It's


difficult to believe that within a moment, thiser is reen family scene


will be over forever. -- this sern -- serene family scene


will be over forever. That will be the last time we will


see them as a family unit. Because after we finished filming, this


happened. Family break up, after doing


everything for her cubs over the past 12 months, it's time for June


to reclaim some of her territory and to mate again. The cubs, in


this case Aspen, right there, are rejected from the family group and


this is known, this is what we've been talking about, family break up.


It can be aggressive, as you saw there and it is very traumatic.


That's the last we'll see of Aspen. Aspen say male wild black bear. He


doesn't have a collar. He could roam for hundreds of miles now. So


Aspen's gone. What does that mean for Aster? This is June and Aster


two days ago. If you read a bit of body language, June's trying to


hide down an old den there, so she's doing her best to hide from


Aster, but no. Here comes Aster. It doesn't work. She's keen to hang


out with her mum for as long as possible. I don't blame her. This


is incredible footage. We've had cameramen filming in the Northwoods


of Minnesota for five years. They've never captured swimming


before. Black bears swimming, but still mama cannot shake Aster. The


only thing she can shake is herself. Really, really incredible. So these


two were, are, we think still together. I was very keen to find


out if that's the case. Yesterday morning, I went deep into the woods


Apology for the loss of subtitles for 46 seconds


bears experience. Yes. These guys I don't have anything. That's a


good way to judge the size of a Black Country bear. There you go


bear. You can have it. What are you doing? I was feeling how swollen


her vulva is. It's a measure of oestrus. To see whether she's in


season? Yes, she's on her way. an indication that for these two


it's any moment now. Approaching the break up. Which I find hard to


believe, when you lock at this little one. Yeah. She still seems


so juvenile and not ready yet. think, yeah. But she's got her


adult teeth. She can tear into logs. She knows where the big refuge


trees are to run to. She'll do OK. See what a nice bear she is. Yeah,


she's lovely isn't she. She has such a nice temperament. Yeah,


she's going to be a good research bear. Hello! Right now she's a


little ram bunk Saddam Hussein. -- rambunkshus. That will all


disappear. In a week if we try to come out here and home in on her


radio signal, we'll be luck tkwroi see her. She'll hear the voice --


she'll hear the voice and think, when I was with my mother I could


trust that. But not now. Maybe tonight or tomorrow, it will be her


first night alone in the woods. That's right, yeah. If we see play,


it could be the last of the year- and-a-half of play that they've had


together. She'll never play with her mother again.


So after family break up, essentially, the yearlings are on


their own. They forage for themselves, fending for themselves.


They tend to sleep up in the trees because they're so frightened by


every sound they hear rustling around them in the wilderness. We


have got a collar on Aster. Hopefully, we'll be able to keep


track of her movements, when it happens for her. It could be


happening right now, at this very moment.


Welcome back to Kenya in the suddenly dry rainy season. We've


been following up north in Samburu newborn elephants. Crews up there


keeping track of an elephant baby boom. We asked you earlier this


week to help us name a calf, a newborn calf. Here she is. The name


chosen is Maya, after the African- American writer. The baby is only


nine days old. Inskpeerbsed mothers can mean a calf doesn't get the


protection they need -- inexperienced. She's OK now. We'll


update you later in the week. It is dry, so it can be busy out there.


There is a buffalo standing just over there. On the thermal camera,


we saw a hyena. We can look at that. It's not necessarily just looking


to pick up something that somebody else has killed. They are very


effective predators in their own right. The truth of the matter is


they do scavenge and that's relevant to this next thing. Out


there as well gs right now, we have Moja and his mum. We've been


following them since we arrived. Earlier, we saw Moja have a good


field. The thing is, starvation might be staved off for now, and


that was a big enough warthog to feed them for several days. But his


mum can't protect that from their had moved in and claimed their kill.


Not far behind, the vultures. It won't be long before adult males


get wind of the meal. Moja's mum can't take the risk that they'll


discover her son. Moja will certainly be killed. In broad


daylight, she leaves her safe haven. With so many eyes around they need


to find cover and fast. So Moja and his mum are out there


on the move now, skull beinging around in no-man's land. She still


needs to find food as well. It's hard. Sophie will be following them


tomorrow. We will bring you an update when we can. Now getting


hold of food can be dangerous if it brings you into contact with rival


gangs and enemies. What we're going to talk about now, this film has


been sent in late last night from the Sri Lankan team. They've been


following Gremlin baby Tocque Macaque, a lot of fans I know,


together with family. They've had some surprisingly similar troubles


there. Gremlin is a ten week old baby


macaque. She's part of a family growing among the ruins of an


ancient ruins in Sri Lanka. Unfortunately this family has a


strict pecking order. Hectare, the leader, is at the top and poor


Gremlin is right at the bottom. It's something she's constantly


reminded of. Wildlife cameraman Gavin is watching every milestone


in her young life. Gremlin has a curious nature and is


keen to learn. There's certainly a lot to get her head around. Last


time, she managed to say her first words, showing respect for hectare


and avoiding a beating. Her next lesson is learning what's good to


eat and where to get it. It's a pretty varied diet for Gremlin in


these forests. Ranging from birds eggs and insects to fruit, flowers


enough territory and you have to keep it defended against any


competition. Gremlin doesn't know her territory that well yet and


needs to find the boundaries, know every nook and cranny and where to


find food throughout the yearment - - year. And when it comes to food,


this large fig tree is like a supermarket. It's just coming into


fruit now. Figs are a favourite of the monkeys, highly prized and full


of nutrition. Gremlin's family, the temple troop, decide to check it


out. Learning how to tell if a fig is ripe enough to eat will be an


important lesson for Gremlin. But there's a catch. The tree sits


right on the border with some very nasty neighbours. It's the Slumdog


troop, an aggressive, large troop, based in the town. They're led by


Bad Eye. He lost the use of an eye in a previous battle with Hector.


There's old scores to settle between them.


Bad Eye and his slum dogs know the fig tree is almost ripe too. They


will do anything to keep it from Hector and the temple troop.


Gremlin and the rest of the troop are happily exploring the fig tree,


testing the fruit for ripeness. Their constant calling gives


instant updates on the fruit on each branch. It's obviously not


quite ripe enough yet. Their calls have attracted the attention of the


slum dogs. As for as they're concerned, this is their fig tree


and they're prepared to fight for it. Gremlin is at serious risk. If


there's a full-scale fight, any baby captured would be killed. The


advancing slum dogs are spotted by a sentri and the alarm goes up. --


sentry. Gremlin's mum needs to get her out of the way sharpish. As the


two troops face each other, they weigh each other up, body for body,


pound for pound. They're equally matched. The temple troop


youngsters get out of tree and out of the way as fast as possible.


Gremlin's grabbed by her mm and whisked out of harm's way. -- mum.


Hector is more than prepared to fight for his propertyment But the


old king knows the gains must outweigh the risks. Hector's very


wise. He knows this fruiting fig isn't ripe yet. It's not worth


fighting and possibly getting injured over that. But over the


next few days, when the tree comes into full fruit, I think this


battle's going to kick off. Gremlin was lucky this time. She


was within reach of her mother when the Slumdogs turned up. But next


time, this adventurous, but naive little monkey, might not be so


lucky. Very fortunate escape for Gremlin and her family there. If


you can't get enough of Gremlin, and I know you're in love with this


funny little bog-eyed monkey, go to our website and Facebook page,


because the crew in Sri Lanka are putting up behind-the-scenes


footage and also putting up other photographs of Gremlin.


Now we've been following the migration, the essential seasonal


migration of the grey whale and their calves on Planet Earth Live.


They've been migrating along the coast of California towards their


feeding grounds in the Arctic. But it is a perilous journey. Lying in


wait are killer whales intent on hunting down the grey whales, the


mothers and calves and separating them. We filmed an extraordinary


attack on Thursday. We show today to you on Thursday. Take a look


separate a grey whale calf from its mother and were repeatedly pushing


it under the water in an effort to drown it. To even witness an attack


is surprising. But what happened next is truly remarkable and to the


best of our knowledge has never been filmed before. As the orca


continued their attack, the crew noticed two humpback whales, who


seemed to be intervening in an effort to protect the grey whale


and her baby. They appear to be placing their own bodies between


the wounded grey whale calf and the killer whales. Sadly, despite their


best efforts, they couldn't save the calf.


But the humpback whales remained in the area, following the orcas in an


effort to prevent the killer whales from feeding. Six hours later, the


humpbacks were still there, but the killers shared the spoils with the


albatrosses. While the grey whale mother continued her journey north,


alone. Very powerful, what amazed the


eyewitnesses of that attack and amazed our crew as well, was the


intervention of the humpback whale. Scientists are scratching their


heads trying to work out why this behaviour took place. I've been


speaking to scientists and marine ecologists on Thursday's show I


spoke to Alissa Shulman Janiger, she's a whale researcher who is


also an eyewitness. She was in the boat. She has subsequently sent us


this photograph of a humpback whale that was part of that very


intervention. Now if you look at the humpback's fluke, you'll see


those marks along the top and the notch along the tail. They are


scarring from a killer whale attack when the humpback was a calf. They


can identify that. Her theory is that this was some sort of revenge


intervention. The interesting thing about that humpback is that earlier,


before the attack, it was three- and-a-half miles away. So it


definitely moved on in. The natural history unit has witnessed hump


backs intervening before as well. In the Antarctic they witnessed a


humpback intervening on the attack of a seal. Killer whales circled an


ice floe intent on getting the seal off the ice. There they are again,


the hump backs, popping up, appearing to protect the seal. What


you see now is quite extraordinary, because it looks as if the humpback


is popping its flipper around and under the seal to protect it, quite


extraordinary. Robert Pittman is a marine ecologist. He also has


theories about this intervention. One of his theories is that the


hump backs are attracted to the vocalisation of the orcas during


this attack. They're silent when they hunt, but when they feed


they're very vocal. That could attract the hump backs. His other


theory is simply, I'm not sure that I'm with him, hump backs are a bit


silly. He says they're the grazers of the sea and he puts them half a


step above a cow. Not sure if we all as a nation agree with that.


I'm a fan of the humpbacks. Of course, our crews are out there in


the waters now keeping an eye on everything that's happening.


They're all along the coast and already, we've got news of four


other attacks along a 400-mile stretch of coastline between Los


Angeles and San Francisco. We've got another attack in LA. Two at


Big Sur, south of Monteray and one in half moon bay near San Francisco.


As and when we get any more news on any of the grey whales migrating,


we'll let you have it. Remember, it's a bump -- bumper year for the


kaufz. More than a thousand are heading towards their feeding


waters in the Arctic. Let's hope that more of them make it than last


year as well. Half a step above a cow? I think


I'd be wounded in I were a humpback whale. This is quite an opportunity,


earlier on this evening, we found out despite our best efforts to


identify her, Moja's mum isn't Tamu after all. We thought she was a


lioness that the BBC filmed six years ago. Other experts have said


probably not. That means she's without a name. Naming lions is


pretty important for those studying them. We're calling on your help


with this. Weed a like you to help us find a name for her. We need a


name that renects her personality. We've learned a lot about her.


She's brave, strong, courageous and resourceful. We want a name to


reflect all of that. Your suggestions please Facebook and


Twitter. The experts will choose theirs once they've come up with


your suggestions. Naming a lion seriously say big honour. Let's


have your suggestions for it. We have time before we go, I want


to bring you pictures that Sophie filmed on the way to film some


lions. Here they are. If you think of hippos being big, cuddly fat


things, that's proof that they're really not. We reckon they're


probably two males. It's probably a territorial disputes. They can open


their mouths four feet wide. Those huge teeth can cause pretty


horrible damage to one another. That's why we're advised to keep


out of the way of them. I believe we have footage of a leopard as


well seen skulking around these parts this evening. There we go.


That say leopard out there. It is all going on, yeah, there you go.


That's a beautiful, elusive thing to see. I'm hoping to see one of


those whilst I'm here in the Masai Mara. We're very nearly out of time


now. I will say, it's a lovely, dry evening. One last thing before


we'll go probably. Meanwhile there are lots of stories to keep on top


of. Here's a few ideas of what's coming up in the next show: We find


out how limb pink foot's mum copes in the aftermath -- Little Pink


Foot's mum copes after her treatment. We bring you the latest


-- latest on Aster, will she be given her marching orders? And will


brave meerkat Ernesto survive his snake bite? You can keep up to date


with the Planet Earth Live stories on the web, Twitter and Facebook.


On Wednesday, I'm going to be joined in the Northwoods of


Minnesota by the bear man himself, the man who makes all of this


possible here in the Northwoods, Dr Lynn Rogers. He's got a PhD in


bears. He's a zooologist and he is the only man in the world that


walks with wild black bears. He has some of the cutest friends in the


world and he'll be sitting next to me on a log right here on Wednesday.


We'll see you and we'll meet him then.


I'm looking forward to that. We're halfway through this incredible


adventure now. I'd like to say, thanks to all of our crews, they're


out there in the field throughout the world filming the stuff that


brings you some incredible stories on the strifes and troubles facing


animals in the wild right now. animals in the wild right now.


That's pretty much it this evening. Remember the adventure goes on. It


Richard Hammond and Julia Bradbury have the latest news on the three-week global wildlife event. For the animals they are following, May is the most challenging month of their lives.

In Kenya, Richard updates on the lion and elephant families, while over in Minnesota, North America, Julia is in deep with the black bears as the cubs continue to find their feet. Plus news of the meerkats in South Africa and those monkeys in Sri Lanka.

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