Episode 7 Planet Earth Live


Episode 7

Wildlife series. In Kenya, Richard Hammond updates on Moja the lion cub and the baby elephants. In Minnesota, North America, Julia Bradbury has more news of the black bear cubs.


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Transcript


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May is always a critical time for wild young animals in 2012 and this

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is no exception. We have been following the lives of the

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vulnerable young animals and bringing you their individual

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stories as they happen, here on Welcome to Kenya where we have been

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witnessing things here. It's been a rollercoaster, but whatever happens

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next, we'll keep you up-to-date with the latest news, not just from

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here, but from around the globe. Reports are flooding in 24/7. Our

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camera teams and experts are following the action as evens

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unfold. Tonight, gremlin's family of

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macaques go to war over a fig tree with tragic consequences.

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We discover who noch is and what it means for Moja and his mum Nyota.

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Mickey and Luca face the harsh realities of life on the open ice.

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Right here and around-the-clock on our website, you can follow all the

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latest twists and turns in our animals' lives as nature rights the

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If that's not enough for you, here in the north Woods of Minnesota,

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it's springtime. Our black bare mothers have emerged from their

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dens with their little black bear cubs. Outside the dens, it's a

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whole new world with so much to learn. It's been a dramatic few

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days here in Ely. On Thursday, forest fires swept across the

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entire area. We'll give you a full update and the impact on our bears.

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As mating time closes in, we are scanning the woods for the male

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bears who're on the prowl. They are here for one reason and you don't

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want to get in the way. That could be a problem for the

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yearlings, Aster and Aspen, if they're still with their mother,

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June. So all of that to come from

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Minnesota and more. It's a little chilly here today, temperatures are

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going a little crazy. Let's go 8,000 miles south-east of here to

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Africa where Richard and the team are waiting in warmer climes.

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We are here and ready and we are certainly warm and also dry. Rainy

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season it might be but once again, it's not raining. Hello, or as they

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say here in Kenya, Jambo which is the best greeting possible because

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it doesn't sound like you are not happy to see anybody when you say

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it. We are here to follow the fortunes of lion cub Moja and his

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single mum Nyota. Last time we saw them, they hadn't eaten for a few

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days and they were both looking Over the last few days, camerawoman

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Sophie Darlington's had her work cut out trying to follow Nyota and

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Moja. We found her up on the ridge and it

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was incredibly hard to find her because the grass is, as you can

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see, really long. I've read that it grows an inch every 4 hours which

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is sort of... You can pretty much see it growing?! Yes for her that

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makes it tricky because she can't see the prey. This grass is a

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problem because we can't see her either. Every day, something

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happens to make it a little bit harder? Yes. Today she spent four-

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and-a-half hours up a tree because she couldn't see anything to eat.

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She's going from warthog mound to warthog mound just in case

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somebody's in. When she finds one where somebody is in, she'll wait

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two or three hours and when they come out, she'll have a go.

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And have a go she did. She kills an adult warthog. Quickly replenishing

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her energy. She takes the rest of the meal to her cub.

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Once again, Moja has a feed just in time.

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They really are just scraping through at the moment, living life

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on the edge. We are running out of warthogs by the day right now on

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Moja's side he has his mum who is an amazing hunter. As it turns out,

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he may have some astonishing genes on his father's side as well

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because Jackson, you now believe you know who Moja's father is. So

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who is he and what proof have you got? Well, I've met mow that before

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when he mated with this male. This male is a male I've known for a

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long time, as well as Moja and Nyota. They were mating about nine

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months ago, so that's when I took this photo. So the maths works

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because Moja's six months, they carry the baby for three months so

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that would be nine months socould be. So who is he someWell, He is

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part of the collision of the most very very strong and well-known

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genes in the Mara. This is Notch' gang, the father Notch and the sons,

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one of them is Moja's father. have a coalition of males this big

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is unusual and these four are all Notch's sons, one of these four is

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Moja's father which means Notch is his grandfather? Exactly. That's

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pretty exciting because Notch is pretty special? He is a very, very

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special male. Notch is the King of the Masai Mara. That is why we are

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excited. I have goose bumps. I've heard him described as the finest

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lion ever to walk here. That's pretty good news for mow that what.

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We are as sure as you can be that Notch is Moja's grandfather and

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that's exciting because his story is incredible. This is the legend

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of how he rose to power -- good News for Moja. A few years ago,

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Notch had only one pride. He defended his family against young

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pretenders who came to kill his cubs and claim his territory.

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But one day, the challenge was too strong and he had to flee. But he

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didn't leave alone. His young sons left with him.

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And so began Notch's wilderness years.

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He protected his remaining four boys. He waited until they were

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strong. Then... He declared war.

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Pride after pride fell before Notch's invincible lion army. Today,

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Notch controls a vast territory, like a Mafia member, he wants

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nothing less than total domination. Could he be about to take over yet

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another pride? Well, come on, I mean what a

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magnificent, awesome lion for Moja to have as a grandfather. He's a

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survivor too. We reckon he's 12, maybe older. Male lions tend to

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lead short, violent, brutal lives, so he really is a survivor

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extraordinaire. We caught up with him. Here are the latest pictures

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of him bruised and battered, but this is not a lion who walks away

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from a fight ever. What does this mean for Moja? It's good news. This

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is the time when nature weeds out the weaker lions. With Moja

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carrying the genes of some of the finest lions, if any cub stands the

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chance of making it through, it's got to be him. Julia, life for you

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and the bears in the woods has been rocked by a big story I know - fire.

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Absolutely. It certainly has. Welcome to the state of Minnesota.

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This is an area surrounded by forests and lakes, it's 20 million

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acres of beautiful, beautiful wilderness. Spring is here, but the

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weather has just gone absolutely bonkers. Yesterday, it was about 80

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degrees, more than that, it was 26 degrees, T-shirts and flip-flops

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weather. You can see how much colder it is today, it's gone down

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to the 40s, about eight or nine degrees. What's happened here is

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the ground has become very, very dry and, on Thursday, a forest fire

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erupted right on our doorstep. So far in the state of Minnesota,

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there've almost been 80 fires. This one was right here less than ten

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mile ace way. When we came off air, I went straight to the source of

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the fire to find out what was going on. One resident described it as

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the worst fire in living memory and This is Highway one. Ely is over

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that way in the west and the sky luen is full of smoke. The skies

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are full of helicopter and aeroplanes, a lot of police

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activity, the locals are trying to see what is going on. -- skyline is

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full of smoke. I don't know if it's under control.

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Can't believe it. Here is a fire at the edge of town. The bad Swindon

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carrying it into town. It's across the highway here. -- the bad wind

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is carrying it into town. Not seen anything like this before. I don't

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know if there's bears over here. The cubs climb trees and

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firefighters have told me of hearing of shrieks as the fire

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burns on. The fire spread rapidly.

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Firefighters told us as much as 20 acres were consumed by flames in

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just two minutes. The emergency services had to act

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fast. They call this the land of 10,000 lakes and thank goodness.

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Each water plain and helicopter scoops up to 2,000 gallons of water

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to dump on the spreading furnace with precision.

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Whoa. And then some bad news for one of our bears.

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There is a fire just south of Juliet's territory, with the south

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wind it's going to be blowing it into her territory. She does have

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three cubs. I don't know what's going to happen there.

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operation is ongoing, but once the flames have been brought under

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control, this was the San that greeted us.

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A charred, desolate landscape. -- was the scene that greeted us. Not

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much will have survived. Well, obviously our first concern

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was for the residents of Ely and it was a very, very serious situation.

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Here is lovely Mia. This is our evacuation warning that was posted

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under our doors at the hotel. They told us to pack and leave at a

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moment's notice. And here are the headlines we woke up to this

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morning, four frantic hours as the fire races towards Ely. I'm happy

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to say, nobody was hurt, no humans have been hurt, no homes were lost,

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but of course, we are very concerned about the black bears

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here in the north Woods of Minnesota, as is Dr Lynn Rogers as

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he said in the film. They way they escape danger is to escape up trees

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and the worst thing you can do in a fire of course is go up a tree. Max

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shot this footage on the day of the fire. This is lovely Jewel, the

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first-time mum with her two cubs, Herbie and Fern. I've been here for

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almost a month and I haven't seen this yet, I haven't seen a mum

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claim the trees with her young. Is Jewel reacting to the fire? Look at

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her sniffing? A bear's sense of smell is thought to be a hundred

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times better than ours, they can smell food up to two miles away. Is

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this why she took her cubs up a tree? Whatever the reason, it was

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obviously the wrng place for her to be had the fire swept through. --

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wrong place. She was absolutely fine. But what about Juliet and her

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three cubs, Sam, Sybil and Sophie? We chased after them yesterday,

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were frantically worried. We didn't get any signal from the GPS but did

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eventually track them down and here they are safe and sound. Sam, Sybil

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and Sophie and mum found in a nice bogy area trying to stay cool, more

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worried by the mosquitoes and ticks than the fire there. We all know,

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the crew and team, we all know about the ticks. One of the

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cameramen manageded to remove 50 from his trousers the other day -

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that was very lovely. That's what's been happening in Ely. Now the fire

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is pretty much under control, the fire department say 90% under

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control. But they are not taking any chances, they are combing

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through every ember to make absolutely certain that a rogue

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spark cannot escape. So very dramatic. We've lost

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thousands of trees here and actually trees lie at the heart of

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another war on the other side of the world in Sri Lanka, gremlin and

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the monkeys are getting into We have been following the life of

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Gremlin, a tiny female macaque growing up among the ruins of an

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ancient city in Sri Lanka. At 11 weeks old, she is slowly learning

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the rules of her strictly hierarchical society. In this

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family, she is more or less the lowest of the low, so perhaps the

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most crucial lesson she has learned so far is how to properly on are

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the king of the temple troop, Hector, by chattering her teeth.

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But bigger lessons lie in store, and little Gremlin tends to learn

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things the hard way. Cameraman Gavin has spent May following every

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milestone in run in's life. It is a hot day in the temple ruins.

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Temperatures at this time of year reach well into the 30s. Gremlin

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starts the day with a cuddle and a feed from mum. Whereas King hector

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is starting the day with a grooming session from some of his loyal suss

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-- subjects. This hot weather is perfect for ripening figs, and

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there is a tree on the edge of their territory which is bursting

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with them. The time has finally come for the figs to be harvested.

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Unfortunately, the tree marks the border of their territory with

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their arch rivals, the Slumdog eggs. These unsavoury characters live

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among the houses and rubbish dumps of the town. They are led by the

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fierce and uncompromising macaque. His ire was damaged in a run-in

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with King Hector, and there are old scores to settle. They have been

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keeping watch on the tree, too, biding their time. The hungry and

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excited temple troop make their move. Gremlin is happily swinging

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towards the tree with her family. Putting into practice all of her

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best moves. Right now, life is good in Gremlin's innocent little world,

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but around here, things can change in the blink of an eye. The Slumdog

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Sorel so making their way towards the tree, their scouts moving ahead

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of the main raiding party. Naive little Gremlin, always curious and

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keen to explore, is highly in the tree. 30 feet below her, the rival

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scouts have spotted each other. Warning calls go out. Battle lines

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are being rapidly drawn. Hector and bad I are old campaigners, Tokely

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aware that lives are at stake. Gremlin must leave with the females.

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If the other troop catch her, they will show no mercy. Footsoldiers

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from both sides charge a teacher there. They are testing to see if

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one will back down. -- they charge each other. But there is too much

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at stake. There is only one way to There is a mother with a baby right

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The battle is over. For some, it was their last. A sudden storm

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tears through the forest. Already frightened, the temple troop panic

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and flee into the deep forest, in complete disarray. Gremlin is

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nowhere to be seen. If she is lost, the noise of the storm will cover

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any contact call that she would use to find her mother or her trooper.

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-- her troupe. And as darkness falls, Gavin searches for her.

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is unfortunate that the noise of the storm stopped them regrouping

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after the battle. I still have not found Kremlin. -- Gremlin. Let's

:19:43.:19:53.
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The next day, the troupe has regrouped. The fig tree is theirs.

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And the other troops have been vanquished. The family are relaxing,

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licking their wounds and re- establishing their bonds. His old

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female and heard little baby are safe. -- her baby. King hector is

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languishing in his victory, but what about Kremlin? Am concerned

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that I cannot see Gremlin. Lots of the key players are here. There is

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little Richard, Hector, but I have not seen Gremlin yet. Their Shias.

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Right on the edge of the group. -- there she is. She has made it home

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to her family in one piece. Gremlin has had a lucky escape, but she is

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no longer the naive little monkey she once was. She has had to grow

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up fast. Life for baby animals like her can often be short and brutal,

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but if she can learn her lessons well, then she might just be one of

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the lucky ones. Another big fright for little

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Gremlin, and for us. She keeps getting into these scrapes and then

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getting out just at the last moment. The thing is, at these times of

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intense competition for resources, we see these brutal clashes.

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Sometimes when a family as new mouths to feed, they have to risk

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everything if it means a guaranteed meal. Welcome back. You are live

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with me in Kenya. We are going to talk about elephants now. Out there,

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we have one that was having a scratch or trying to push down a

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tree a moment ago. That is going to be relevant in a few moments. The

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last time we met the newborn calf, Mayer, born into a herd that we

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know was hit hard by poachers. They lost all of their elders, and all

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of their wisdom and knowledge. Whilst here, we have seen them lose

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:22:27.:22:33.

Maya's mother is only nine years old. She is an exceptionally young

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first-time mum, and Maya was born unusually small. When the crew came

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across her, Maya was only five or six hours old. Her mother took a

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while to find her feet as a mother. First, she did not even know to let

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Maya circle, and she left her baby exposed to the sun. In the heat of

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the day, Maya was at risk of heat exhaustion, but to the crew's

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relief, her mother led her to a wallow and called her down. This

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was Maya's first experience of water. It may well have saved her

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life. Meeting the rest of the herd for the first time is a big deal,

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especially for the other young females. 25-year-old Annie, one of

:23:30.:23:35.

the oldest in the family, wanted Maya to know their place. Maya's

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eyesight is poor, and she will follow other elephants, thinking

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they are her mother. Annie gives her a gentle nudge, as if to say,

:23:42.:23:52.
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Elephants are born weak and vulnerable, and Maya had to grow up

:23:58.:24:05.

fast. An older car seemed to be bullying her, forever pulling her

:24:05.:24:11.

tail. -- calf. But as her strength and confidence grew, Maya started

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to play on her own terms and her personality began to shine through.

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At this stage, Maya is full of fun, enjoying exploring the world in her

:24:21.:24:26.

own unique way. Our cameraman, Warren, has been fascinated by this

:24:26.:24:31.

Karthik. One of the things that strikes me as just how small and

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elephant starts off in its life and how big it grows to. I have is one

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shot of his elephant calf between all of these legs. Having lost one

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calf, the family seemed determined to keep Maya safe from harm.

:24:48.:24:51.

think that is amazing, that the little calf lives among these

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mobile tree-trunks, and how gentle the adults are with their babies.

:24:58.:25:03.

Warren has watched Maya and her mother over their first 10 days, as

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they have bonded and survived against the odds. She is clearly

:25:09.:25:12.

getting more experienced and more confident with looking after this

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little baby, and it is lovely to see just how wonderful she is doing

:25:17.:25:22.

as a first-time mother. Maya has got through her most vulnerable

:25:22.:25:27.

time. But she still faces big challenges. The herd will have to

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cross the river soon to feed on the other side. And without the

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guidance of any Elders, mistakes could be made.

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I know! We are all hoping for the best. Warren will be with Maya

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pretty much constantly and we will give you the latest in the next

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show. You may have noticed that in all of the elephant herds and

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families that we follow her around, all of the adults are female. There

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is a good reason for that. That is because when male elephants reach

:25:56.:25:59.

maturity, they are no longer welcome in the family. Not

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surprising. Feisty is a nice way of putting it. Take this tree, for

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example. That is my tent, where I sleep. The other night, a male

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elephant came over here and just pushed the tree over, for no

:26:13.:26:17.

conceivable reason. He might as well have put a traffic cone on his

:26:17.:26:21.

head and danced down the High Street. But if you think that is

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bad, at certain times of year, what social niceties they do observe go

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clean-out of the window. Bull elephants are nomads, kicked out of

:26:31.:26:35.

the herd when they become teenagers, between 10 and 15 years old. They

:26:35.:26:42.

then spend most of the year roaming outside of the reserve. But in May,

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they return to the sanctuary of Samburu to mate. First, they have

:26:48.:26:52.

to work out who is boss. In a heightened state of sexual

:26:52.:26:59.

aggression, they size each other up. This can last for up to four months.

:26:59.:27:04.

In Samburu, it often occurs at the end of the rainy season, when more

:27:04.:27:09.

females are ready to breed. Modified sweat glands on their

:27:09.:27:13.

heads become inflamed and start to secrete a dark, oily and incredibly

:27:13.:27:23.
:27:23.:27:31.

smelly substance. This sends out a Males in must are unpredictable,

:27:31.:27:37.

dominant, excitable and totally single-minded. And they have been

:27:37.:27:43.

known to destroy everything in their path. Sometimes young males

:27:43.:27:53.
:27:53.:27:53.

-- sometimes they are killed by others. When they have court today

:27:53.:28:00.

female and are accepted, they get their reward. After nearly 22

:28:00.:28:08.

months, the longest pregnancy of any mammal, the calves are born.

:28:08.:28:12.

Because the males fight for the females, only the strongest get to

:28:12.:28:17.

mate. That is how it works. But there is a twist, because it is

:28:17.:28:21.

precisely those strong, big males, with the biggest tasks, that are

:28:21.:28:25.

killed for their ivory by poachers. If poaching continues to escalate

:28:25.:28:30.

at the current rate, the future of the elephant is in doubt. That is

:28:30.:28:34.

just a fact. Anyway, this is a patch showed tonight and here is

:28:34.:28:40.

what is coming up. -- a packed show. Still to come:

:28:40.:28:46.

Polar bear cubs face the harsh realities of life on the open ice.

:28:46.:28:56.
:28:56.:28:57.

Swift and the rest of her family of Welcome back to Ely. The fires that

:28:58.:29:02.

have been raging here for the past few days have really pointed out

:29:02.:29:06.

another danger for the Black Bears. I want to know if June and her

:29:06.:29:09.

yearlings, Aster and Aspen are still together, or whether the

:29:09.:29:14.

yearlings were facing the fires on their own. I went back into the

:29:14.:29:18.

woods with Dr Lynn Rogers yesterday and something else was pointed out

:29:18.:29:28.
:29:28.:29:35.

to me, something extraordinary, June is really making us work today.

:29:35.:29:45.
:29:45.:29:47.

We have been going for about 40 minutes. Hello, little Aster.

:29:47.:29:51.

honestly did not think we would track the Bears today. They are

:29:51.:29:57.

still together. Two things I want to do. I want to take their heart

:29:57.:30:05.

rate, if I can, and I want to see if you've got any metal in you.

:30:05.:30:15.
:30:15.:30:17.

June. It shows a red light. So that is a bullet? Yes, probably from a

:30:17.:30:23.

shotgun. Sometimes people, if they see a bear going through their yard,

:30:23.:30:27.

they are filled with fear. They have read too many wild stories

:30:27.:30:35.

about theirs. So they feel like they have got to shoot it. That is

:30:35.:30:38.

my goal in life, to have people understand them better, so they do

:30:38.:30:43.

not feel like they have to shoot every bear that they see. She is a

:30:43.:30:47.

really good mother. She is 11 years old. We have been watching her

:30:47.:30:53.

since she was four. She is your favourite? Yes, she really years.

:30:53.:30:57.

She has given us so much and I trust her more than any of the

:30:57.:31:03.

others. What you think makes her a special? The trust, the working

:31:03.:31:08.

relationship she has. She understands me, I understand her.

:31:08.:31:12.

How do you feel when you go over her with a metal detector and find

:31:12.:31:18.

bits of bullet? I just want people to learn the truth about them. And

:31:18.:31:21.

through this bear and a few others, we have learned the language, we

:31:21.:31:24.

can convey it to people. When people meet them, instead of

:31:24.:31:28.

misunderstanding them, they will know what they are saying. I am

:31:28.:31:34.

just looking for chances to show the world that. Thank you. Thank

:31:34.:31:39.

you. This could be the last time we see them together. We keep saying

:31:39.:31:49.
:31:49.:31:55.

June is absolutely riddled with these pellets from a gun. Really,

:31:55.:31:58.

it's brought it home for us all here in the north Woods of

:31:58.:32:02.

Minnesota that yes the black bears are facing all the dangers, the

:32:02.:32:05.

predators, the fires, but the biggest threats of all to the black

:32:05.:32:08.

bears still is the humans. You heard Dr Lynn there talking about

:32:09.:32:11.

June. He thinks she is an exceptional bear, a special bear,

:32:11.:32:16.

some of the bears do have different personalities. June seems to be a

:32:16.:32:22.

very caring and very tolerant bear. Is that one of the reasons why she

:32:22.:32:26.

can't maybe do family break-up very well? Lily, her daughter, doesn't

:32:26.:32:30.

seem to have that problem. This is lily with her female cub Faith

:32:30.:32:34.

about three weeks ago, but once she decided to break up, that was it.

:32:34.:32:38.

On 7th May, she ousted Faith and they haven't been together since.

:32:38.:32:43.

Lily is now on her own and they think with a male, in the company

:32:43.:32:47.

of a male. She's behaving slightly differently, she's moving a lot

:32:47.:32:50.

more than normal and not foraging and sniffing almost everywhere she

:32:50.:32:55.

goes, so real indicators that perhaps she is with a male.

:32:55.:32:59.

Incredibly hard to film big males, very, very rare indeed. In his

:32:59.:33:05.

lifetime here in the woods, 45 years plus, Lynn Rogers has only

:33:05.:33:08.

seen a handful of males, so we thought our best chance of getting

:33:08.:33:13.

a male on camera would be to set up camera traps. That's what we got

:33:13.:33:19.

Max to do. He set them up over the past couple of nights. That is what

:33:19.:33:24.

we captured. The night before last this was. There is a racoon popping

:33:24.:33:29.

in to say hello. Did we get a male? Yes, we did. There he is. That is a

:33:29.:33:33.

male. He's an adolescent, not a big boy, possibly about three or four

:33:33.:33:38.

years old, old enough to mate but to do so, he'd have to be very

:33:38.:33:40.

cheeky because he's definitely not big enough to hold ground against

:33:40.:33:45.

the really big males in these woods. Speaking of the big males, we've

:33:45.:33:49.

got something very special to show you now, something very rare. This

:33:49.:33:59.
:33:59.:34:37.

is two big males fighting. Watch That is incredible footage. Look at

:34:37.:34:41.

the size of the males. This is the skull of a male and this is the

:34:41.:34:46.

skull of a female. Look at the sagittal crest there where the jaw

:34:46.:34:50.

muscles cling on. Phenomenal difference. They really are very,

:34:50.:34:54.

very special creatures. That is what Asper and Aspen are facing.

:34:54.:34:59.

Now, we know that millions of you are following the flight of our

:34:59.:35:03.

meerkat family and in particular you're very keen to know what's

:35:03.:35:07.

happened to Ernesto. He was bitten by a venomous snake the last time

:35:07.:35:13.

you saw him. So what's gone on? The family are underground in a burrow

:35:13.:35:16.

spending the night in a rival meerkats' burrow. In the morning

:35:16.:35:21.

when they all came up, Ernesto was in a terrible state with a clear

:35:21.:35:25.

wound to the head where they think a cape cobra had bitten him. He

:35:25.:35:29.

looked at death's door. The family couldn't stay with him with four

:35:29.:35:33.

little pups to feed. They had to get out there foraging. Ernesto

:35:33.:35:38.

tried to keep up, bless him, but eventually fell behind and found an

:35:38.:35:42.

empty burrow where he could curl up quietly. We all know what we

:35:42.:35:46.

thought was going to happen then. We thought he died. Two days later

:35:46.:35:50.

when the family returned to their own burrow what they thought was an

:35:50.:35:55.

intruder turned out to be Ernesto still alive and, amazingly, he'd

:35:55.:35:59.

somehow dragged himself home. The very latest news oner knows toe

:35:59.:36:03.

from Toby and the team in South Africa is that Ernesto continues to

:36:03.:36:09.

recover slowly and is looking better -- news on Ernesto.

:36:09.:36:15.

What else is happening with the Whisker family in South Africa?

:36:15.:36:20.

Swift is a little meerkat with a big family living in the Southern

:36:20.:36:24.

Kalahari. This May has turned out to be a tough one for the Whiskers

:36:24.:36:29.

family. The rains failed and food supplies are running lower and

:36:29.:36:33.

lower. The dominant female is responsible for making sure Swift

:36:33.:36:37.

and the other pups get enough to eat. Recently, she's been forced to

:36:37.:36:43.

lead them deep into enemy territory. Cameraman Toby Strong has been

:36:44.:36:49.

following all their ups and downs. The Joe of their recent return home

:36:49.:36:53.

is short-lived. Whilst they were away, stealing food from someone

:36:53.:36:58.

else's la Da, the same was happening to them -- else's larder.

:36:58.:37:03.

Nicking each other's food is in the DNA of these creatures, but they

:37:03.:37:09.

hate it when it happens to them. The Whiskers have caught the swent

:37:09.:37:13.

of a rival group and they are furious -- scent. One of the

:37:13.:37:16.

families spots something. It could be their thieving neighbours

:37:17.:37:23.

returning for more. Straight towards the sand dunes to the north.

:37:23.:37:27.

I'm presuming it's another big group. Tails up and backs arched,

:37:27.:37:31.

this war dance is a visual show of strength to any rivals. The bigger

:37:31.:37:39.

the show, the better the chance of scaring off their rivals.

:37:39.:37:44.

This is a turning point for Swift. She's only seven weeks old. But if

:37:44.:37:48.

she's going to survive as a meerkat, she has to know how to defend the

:37:49.:37:53.

family's territory. These guys are all over the police.

:37:53.:37:59.

-- place. Swift and her sister right at the forefront. They know

:37:59.:38:06.

know fear. It's worked. The show of strength sent the opposition

:38:06.:38:15.

packing and dp swift has earned her stripes. They've now come across a

:38:15.:38:24.

bolt hole. A lot of sniffing, a lot of marking. Hyper aware, everyone

:38:24.:38:34.
:38:34.:38:35.

keeping an eye. Tails up. Super, super... Emily doesn't like what

:38:35.:38:43.

she smells one little bit. They're all off. I've never seen them run

:38:43.:38:49.

this far, this fast. There is a very real danger there whatever it

:38:49.:38:55.

was. After intense danger like that, you

:38:55.:39:01.

can see everyone's playing, reaffirming contact touch. There is

:39:01.:39:06.

a huge release of energy. It's been a landmark day for Swift. She's

:39:06.:39:10.

learned how to defend her territory and, just as importantly, she's

:39:10.:39:13.

learned when to flee. And for a meerkat growing up in

:39:13.:39:17.

this tough little corner of Africa, that's the difference between life-

:39:17.:39:27.
:39:27.:39:31.

An eventful day for Swift and family and the meerkat team will

:39:31.:39:35.

bring you a final update in the next show.

:39:35.:39:40.

Last time we heard how Moja might be directly descended from

:39:40.:39:46.

legendary lion Notch. Because Moja and his mum live as outcasts, his

:39:46.:39:51.

father and grandfather never just drop by. The situation is different

:39:51.:40:01.
:40:01.:40:09.

There are eight cubs in this large extended family. They enjoy lots of

:40:09.:40:14.

rough-and-tumble as they ambush and stalk one another. Building up core

:40:14.:40:20.

muscle strength and honing their hunting skills.

:40:20.:40:27.

The mating ritual of a Jackson's widow bird is fascinating.

:40:27.:40:32.

But the highlight of the day is when their three dads pay them a

:40:32.:40:37.

visit. The males control two prides and divide their time between them.

:40:37.:40:47.
:40:47.:40:48.

Everyone is happy to see them and Males play an active role in

:40:48.:40:55.

bringing up their own cubs. They want to make sure their offspring

:40:55.:41:00.

survive. These battle-scarred bruisers look

:41:00.:41:07.

like they have the weight of the world on their shoulders. But it's

:41:07.:41:17.
:41:17.:41:31.

hard to get a moment's peace with It's what happens next that really

:41:31.:41:41.

cements the difference between these cubs and Moja. The whole

:41:41.:41:49.

pride begins to roar. It's a phenomenal sound. The whole family

:41:49.:41:53.

are saying, we are back together and we are strong. It's for their

:41:53.:41:56.

neighbours' benefit as much as their own.

:41:56.:42:02.

The cubs try to join in. But it's more of a miaow than a

:42:02.:42:12.
:42:12.:42:18.

Ten miles away, Moja and Nyota don't make a sound.

:42:18.:42:23.

Roaring is all about territory and they are always trespassing.

:42:23.:42:28.

They don't want anyone to know where they are.

:42:28.:42:36.

They live their lives in silence. The thing is, not only are Moja and

:42:36.:42:40.

Nyota forced to live in silence, they are forced to hunt in the day.

:42:40.:42:45.

The fact that she's so successful is a very strong testament indeed

:42:45.:42:49.

to Nyota's skill because, in the savannah, it's when the sun goes

:42:49.:42:52.

down that the lions come into their own.

:42:52.:42:56.

The lions are desuened to hunt at night.

:42:56.:43:00.

-- designed to hunt at night. The white fur under their eyes acts

:43:00.:43:06.

like a mirror reflecting all available light up into their eyes.

:43:06.:43:13.

They have more light sensitive reSeptemberors -- recentors and a

:43:13.:43:23.
:43:23.:43:24.

special filter allows more light in but less light out.

:43:25.:43:33.

-- receptos. At night, lions are hidden from their quarrifplt --

:43:33.:43:37.

their quarry. Grazers can see for miles in the day, but in low light,

:43:37.:43:43.

lions can creep up unseen. They are sprinters with awesome

:43:43.:43:51.

acceleration, but they have to be close to catch such speedy prey.

:43:51.:44:01.
:44:01.:44:09.

They approach with incredible The night truly belongs to the lion.

:44:09.:44:14.

We here lions out there roaring from here in our camp pretty much

:44:14.:44:18.

every night. Jackson decided it was time for me to get closer to the

:44:18.:44:22.

action and spend a night out there in the middle of a pride's

:44:22.:44:32.
:44:32.:44:33.

I'll be honest, I've been really looking forward to this because I

:44:33.:44:38.

like a camping trip, I've packed my bag, got everything with me. What

:44:38.:44:43.

kind of camping will it be? Drastic. Hopefully not too bad rustic. Just

:44:43.:44:53.
:44:53.:44:54.

a bit out of your comfort zone. We are going to be out in lion

:44:54.:45:04.
:45:04.:45:07.

Jackson, what is to stop them eating, say, me? To be honest, you

:45:07.:45:13.

don't taste good. That's good. That's OK, I don't mind that.

:45:13.:45:19.

the Masai Mara, they have developed a fear of humans. But at night,

:45:19.:45:24.

they become bold, curious. They tend to become a completely

:45:25.:45:34.
:45:35.:45:54.

As the Lions get ready for a busy night, Jackson roasts mutton over

:45:54.:46:03.

the fire. The smell of the meek will attract lions, hyenas,

:46:03.:46:08.

leopards, every other predator will be crawling. -- the smell of the

:46:08.:46:13.

meat. Just guess how many animals are looking at us right now. To be

:46:13.:46:18.

honest, I did not want to guess, but the thermal camera confirmed my

:46:18.:46:28.
:46:28.:46:34.

unnerving sense of being watched. That's another one. Another one.

:46:34.:46:44.
:46:44.:46:45.

And that is close. Fantastic. I so enjoy that sound. A roaring lion

:46:45.:46:49.

can be heard at least five miles away. At night, it is all about

:46:49.:46:59.
:46:59.:47:03.

letting other Lions know that Are they flanking us? We are

:47:03.:47:08.

surrounded. Yes, that is exactly what I didn't want to hear you say,

:47:08.:47:18.
:47:18.:47:25.

OK? The Masai people have their own translation of what it means.

:47:25.:47:31.

did you come here? This is my territory. This is my territory.

:47:31.:47:38.

I'm rule, I rule, I rule. That is what they are talking about right

:47:38.:47:48.
:47:48.:47:51.

now. That is a hyena. OK. The first one is asking us any questions.

:47:51.:47:57.

They are asking us, what have you left behind? We are not likely to

:47:57.:48:04.

see Moja's mum out here at night. No, her main priority at the moment

:48:04.:48:09.

is her son, Moja. So she is hunting during the day, while the other

:48:09.:48:13.

predators, the Lions, the hyenas, they are all nocturnal, as you can

:48:13.:48:20.

see. And then she goes back and sleeps during the night. The

:48:20.:48:30.
:48:30.:48:39.

It was magical, thrilling, completely unforgettable. It is

:48:39.:48:41.

interesting how much we are learning about lions by watching

:48:42.:48:46.

what Moja and Nyota do not do. They do not raw, they do not hunt at

:48:46.:48:50.

night, do not interact with other lions. None of that means they will

:48:50.:48:54.

not make it. They are sleeping, staying safe and the film crews

:48:54.:48:57.

will catch up with them tomorrow for the final instalment in our

:48:57.:49:01.

next show. Now, from Africa to the Arctic. That is where Gordon

:49:01.:49:05.

Buchanan spent the spring following newborn bear cubs. This is the

:49:05.:49:15.
:49:15.:49:26.

Up in the Arctic, Micky and Luca have been out of the day and for

:49:26.:49:35.

five days. -- out of the Den. Like most toddlers, they are enjoying

:49:35.:49:45.
:49:45.:49:46.

exploring the new world. But for their mum, Lyra, it is decision

:49:46.:49:50.

time. Should she leave the safety of the den and risk the lives of

:49:50.:50:00.
:50:00.:50:03.

her cubs, or stay and staff? -- Look! I think it is getting closer

:50:03.:50:10.

to the stage when they are going to disappear. This is what happens. It

:50:10.:50:17.

starts off very, very slowly, a little bit of exercise. And then

:50:17.:50:22.

suddenly, the mother will decide the cubs are ready to walk, and she

:50:22.:50:32.
:50:32.:50:34.

At the moment, Micky and Luca are unaware of the perils that lie

:50:34.:50:40.

ahead. With every young animal, every little bit of play is an

:50:40.:50:46.

important lesson. Over the next year, these cubs are going to have

:50:46.:50:56.
:50:56.:50:57.

to walk hundreds of miles, over snow and ice. Wow! Just sliding

:50:57.:51:03.

down the slope. This rough and tumble will help to strengthen

:51:03.:51:08.

their muscles for the long trek to the hunting grounds. Lyra must find

:51:08.:51:13.

food if she is to continue to provide them with milk. Like all

:51:13.:51:18.

polar bears, she hunts out on the sea ice. But this year, very little

:51:18.:51:24.

has formed. This will make hunting very difficult. You forget,

:51:24.:51:29.

watching them playing on the slope, that they have hard times ahead of

:51:29.:51:34.

them. They have incredibly hard times ahead of them. She is not

:51:34.:51:44.
:51:44.:51:49.

going to want them to go too far. There is a lone male on the ice

:51:49.:51:54.

below. He is hunting seals, but if he catches their scent, Micky and

:51:54.:52:00.

Luca are in big trouble. He will attack them. He can smell a seal

:52:00.:52:10.
:52:10.:52:10.

under the ice. But the ice is too thick to break through. Micky and

:52:10.:52:16.

Blucher would make a much easier meal. -- Micky and Luca. Especially

:52:16.:52:21.

now that their mum is finally ready to start her journey. I think I

:52:21.:52:25.

know what is going through her mind. One, I have to look after my cubs.

:52:26.:52:31.

Two, I am hungry. Adults polar bears can easily cover 50 miles

:52:31.:52:37.

each day. At three months old, Micky and Luca are going to have to

:52:37.:52:45.

work hard. It is epic to see these tiny animals just setting out on

:52:45.:52:55.
:52:55.:53:16.

This is a journey that will last the rest of their lives.

:53:16.:53:20.

Well, there is no doubt that little Micky and Luca face a very

:53:20.:53:25.

uncertain future. Lyra, their mum, has to eat. She has lost almost

:53:25.:53:29.

half her body weight during the Arctic winter. An average polar

:53:29.:53:35.

bear needs to eat about 50 seals each year in order to survive. It

:53:35.:53:39.

is the largest land carnivore on the planet. Let's put that into

:53:39.:53:49.
:53:49.:53:49.

some perspective. A large male polar bear in his prime will

:53:49.:53:59.
:53:59.:54:04.

weigh... 270 kilos is what a large bear here will way, so a big polar

:54:04.:54:07.

bear is three times that size. Absolutely enormous. While Gordon

:54:07.:54:14.

has been filming, they have also been darting and sedating the

:54:14.:54:18.

mother, so they can fit her with a radio collar. Those Collor's work

:54:18.:54:21.

in exactly the same way as the Black Bear collars. You can see

:54:21.:54:31.
:54:31.:54:34.

that Micky and Luca are attached to mum, so that they do not wander off.

:54:35.:54:37.

There are more black bears in Minnesota than polar bears left in

:54:37.:54:42.

the world, so that is vital data. This also gave Gordon a chance to

:54:42.:54:52.
:54:52.:55:01.

get close to a polar bear. Can I come in closer? Yes. Hello.

:55:01.:55:06.

These cards are in perfect health, incredibly healthy. I have just

:55:06.:55:10.

been told that this is not her first litter. And that is a great

:55:10.:55:15.

thing for the cubs. If she has raised cubs before, their chance of

:55:15.:55:25.
:55:25.:55:30.

How does it sound if I follow you around? That would be nice,

:55:30.:55:34.

wouldn't it? We could become good friends until you get big enough to

:55:34.:55:40.

eat me! They have a very, very long road

:55:40.:55:44.

ahead of them, those little polar bear cubs. But thanks to the radio

:55:44.:55:48.

collars, Gordon will be able to follow them almost every step of

:55:48.:55:52.

the way through this very tough Arctic summer. If you want to

:55:52.:55:56.

continue to keep up with their story, keep watching the BBC,

:55:56.:56:00.

because Gordon's series will be coming on towards the end of the

:56:00.:56:03.

year. Watch out for that, Gordon and the polar bears. The polar

:56:03.:56:07.

bears are not the only animals that will be spending the summer in the

:56:07.:56:11.

Arctic. We have been following migrating gray whales from here as

:56:11.:56:14.

well, heading up the Pacific coast to Arctic waters where they will be

:56:14.:56:19.

feeding. They are very rich feeding grounds for gray whales. Along the

:56:19.:56:22.

way, they have been doing everything they can to avoid pods

:56:22.:56:28.

of killer whales that attack them and take the cards. -- take their

:56:29.:56:32.

calves. Hopefully, on our last show on Thursday, we can bring you

:56:32.:56:36.

footage of the gray whales in their First feeding ground, just off

:56:36.:56:40.

Vancouver Island. We have a team setting off to get those pictures.

:56:40.:56:45.

Hopefully that will be in our final show on Thursday. Also in our final

:56:45.:56:50.

show - I cannot believe the series is nearly over - we will be finding

:56:50.:56:55.

out if Aster and Aspen have finally broken up. Will they, won't they?

:56:55.:57:00.

They are still together at the moment, that is the news Justin.

:57:00.:57:03.

And little Sybil, she has been going from strength to strength.

:57:03.:57:07.

Will she make it through the summer? How cute is that? We hope

:57:07.:57:14.

she will do. And the male bears, roaming, prowling, moving in on the

:57:14.:57:18.

ladies. We will see if we can get one on camera. We are doing our

:57:18.:57:23.

very best on Planet Earth alive. We are very near the end of this

:57:23.:57:26.

show and the series. And there are still so many questions left

:57:26.:57:34.

unanswered. With cubs astern Aspen still

:57:35.:57:40.

hanging around their mum, will it be a violent break-up for June's

:57:40.:57:45.

family. What about baby Gremlin? After the fight between her troupe

:57:45.:57:52.

and a rival gang, she had a lucky escape, but she remains vulnerable.

:57:52.:57:56.

And will lion cub Moja and his remarkable mum beat the odds and

:57:56.:58:01.

survive their life on the run? Remember, you can keep up to date

:58:01.:58:05.

with all of our stories and share the adventure on our website, one

:58:05.:58:10.

Twitter and on Facebook. And that is it for tonight. But

:58:10.:58:16.

remember, as always, the stories go on. Moja and Nyota are out there

:58:16.:58:21.

Richard Hammond and Julia Bradbury are reaching the end of the epic three week global wildlife event. They are following a cast of wild animal characters, and present the latest updates on them as they try to survive the toughest month of the year.

In Kenya, Richard updates on Moja the lion cub and the baby elephants. Over in Minnesota, North America, Julia has more news of the black bear cubs. Plus reports on the meerkats in South Africa and the monkeys in Sri Lanka.


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