Episode 7 Planet Earth Live

Episode 7

Wildlife series. In Kenya, Richard Hammond updates on Moja the lion cub and the baby elephants. In Minnesota, North America, Julia Bradbury has more news of the black bear cubs.

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May is always a critical time for wild young animals in 2012 and this


is no exception. We have been following the lives of the


vulnerable young animals and bringing you their individual


stories as they happen, here on Welcome to Kenya where we have been


witnessing things here. It's been a rollercoaster, but whatever happens


next, we'll keep you up-to-date with the latest news, not just from


here, but from around the globe. Reports are flooding in 24/7. Our


camera teams and experts are following the action as evens


unfold. Tonight, gremlin's family of


macaques go to war over a fig tree with tragic consequences.


We discover who noch is and what it means for Moja and his mum Nyota.


Mickey and Luca face the harsh realities of life on the open ice.


Right here and around-the-clock on our website, you can follow all the


latest twists and turns in our animals' lives as nature rights the


If that's not enough for you, here in the north Woods of Minnesota,


it's springtime. Our black bare mothers have emerged from their


dens with their little black bear cubs. Outside the dens, it's a


whole new world with so much to learn. It's been a dramatic few


days here in Ely. On Thursday, forest fires swept across the


entire area. We'll give you a full update and the impact on our bears.


As mating time closes in, we are scanning the woods for the male


bears who're on the prowl. They are here for one reason and you don't


want to get in the way. That could be a problem for the


yearlings, Aster and Aspen, if they're still with their mother,


June. So all of that to come from


Minnesota and more. It's a little chilly here today, temperatures are


going a little crazy. Let's go 8,000 miles south-east of here to


Africa where Richard and the team are waiting in warmer climes.


We are here and ready and we are certainly warm and also dry. Rainy


season it might be but once again, it's not raining. Hello, or as they


say here in Kenya, Jambo which is the best greeting possible because


it doesn't sound like you are not happy to see anybody when you say


it. We are here to follow the fortunes of lion cub Moja and his


single mum Nyota. Last time we saw them, they hadn't eaten for a few


days and they were both looking Over the last few days, camerawoman


Sophie Darlington's had her work cut out trying to follow Nyota and


Moja. We found her up on the ridge and it


was incredibly hard to find her because the grass is, as you can


see, really long. I've read that it grows an inch every 4 hours which


is sort of... You can pretty much see it growing?! Yes for her that


makes it tricky because she can't see the prey. This grass is a


problem because we can't see her either. Every day, something


happens to make it a little bit harder? Yes. Today she spent four-


and-a-half hours up a tree because she couldn't see anything to eat.


She's going from warthog mound to warthog mound just in case


somebody's in. When she finds one where somebody is in, she'll wait


two or three hours and when they come out, she'll have a go.


And have a go she did. She kills an adult warthog. Quickly replenishing


her energy. She takes the rest of the meal to her cub.


Once again, Moja has a feed just in time.


They really are just scraping through at the moment, living life


on the edge. We are running out of warthogs by the day right now on


Moja's side he has his mum who is an amazing hunter. As it turns out,


he may have some astonishing genes on his father's side as well


because Jackson, you now believe you know who Moja's father is. So


who is he and what proof have you got? Well, I've met mow that before


when he mated with this male. This male is a male I've known for a


long time, as well as Moja and Nyota. They were mating about nine


months ago, so that's when I took this photo. So the maths works


because Moja's six months, they carry the baby for three months so


that would be nine months socould be. So who is he someWell, He is


part of the collision of the most very very strong and well-known


genes in the Mara. This is Notch' gang, the father Notch and the sons,


one of them is Moja's father. have a coalition of males this big


is unusual and these four are all Notch's sons, one of these four is


Moja's father which means Notch is his grandfather? Exactly. That's


pretty exciting because Notch is pretty special? He is a very, very


special male. Notch is the King of the Masai Mara. That is why we are


excited. I have goose bumps. I've heard him described as the finest


lion ever to walk here. That's pretty good news for mow that what.


We are as sure as you can be that Notch is Moja's grandfather and


that's exciting because his story is incredible. This is the legend


of how he rose to power -- good News for Moja. A few years ago,


Notch had only one pride. He defended his family against young


pretenders who came to kill his cubs and claim his territory.


But one day, the challenge was too strong and he had to flee. But he


didn't leave alone. His young sons left with him.


And so began Notch's wilderness years.


He protected his remaining four boys. He waited until they were


strong. Then... He declared war.


Pride after pride fell before Notch's invincible lion army. Today,


Notch controls a vast territory, like a Mafia member, he wants


nothing less than total domination. Could he be about to take over yet


another pride? Well, come on, I mean what a


magnificent, awesome lion for Moja to have as a grandfather. He's a


survivor too. We reckon he's 12, maybe older. Male lions tend to


lead short, violent, brutal lives, so he really is a survivor


extraordinaire. We caught up with him. Here are the latest pictures


of him bruised and battered, but this is not a lion who walks away


from a fight ever. What does this mean for Moja? It's good news. This


is the time when nature weeds out the weaker lions. With Moja


carrying the genes of some of the finest lions, if any cub stands the


chance of making it through, it's got to be him. Julia, life for you


and the bears in the woods has been rocked by a big story I know - fire.


Absolutely. It certainly has. Welcome to the state of Minnesota.


This is an area surrounded by forests and lakes, it's 20 million


acres of beautiful, beautiful wilderness. Spring is here, but the


weather has just gone absolutely bonkers. Yesterday, it was about 80


degrees, more than that, it was 26 degrees, T-shirts and flip-flops


weather. You can see how much colder it is today, it's gone down


to the 40s, about eight or nine degrees. What's happened here is


the ground has become very, very dry and, on Thursday, a forest fire


erupted right on our doorstep. So far in the state of Minnesota,


there've almost been 80 fires. This one was right here less than ten


mile ace way. When we came off air, I went straight to the source of


the fire to find out what was going on. One resident described it as


the worst fire in living memory and This is Highway one. Ely is over


that way in the west and the sky luen is full of smoke. The skies


are full of helicopter and aeroplanes, a lot of police


activity, the locals are trying to see what is going on. -- skyline is


full of smoke. I don't know if it's under control.


Can't believe it. Here is a fire at the edge of town. The bad Swindon


carrying it into town. It's across the highway here. -- the bad wind


is carrying it into town. Not seen anything like this before. I don't


know if there's bears over here. The cubs climb trees and


firefighters have told me of hearing of shrieks as the fire


burns on. The fire spread rapidly.


Firefighters told us as much as 20 acres were consumed by flames in


just two minutes. The emergency services had to act


fast. They call this the land of 10,000 lakes and thank goodness.


Each water plain and helicopter scoops up to 2,000 gallons of water


to dump on the spreading furnace with precision.


Whoa. And then some bad news for one of our bears.


There is a fire just south of Juliet's territory, with the south


wind it's going to be blowing it into her territory. She does have


three cubs. I don't know what's going to happen there.


operation is ongoing, but once the flames have been brought under


control, this was the San that greeted us.


A charred, desolate landscape. -- was the scene that greeted us. Not


much will have survived. Well, obviously our first concern


was for the residents of Ely and it was a very, very serious situation.


Here is lovely Mia. This is our evacuation warning that was posted


under our doors at the hotel. They told us to pack and leave at a


moment's notice. And here are the headlines we woke up to this


morning, four frantic hours as the fire races towards Ely. I'm happy


to say, nobody was hurt, no humans have been hurt, no homes were lost,


but of course, we are very concerned about the black bears


here in the north Woods of Minnesota, as is Dr Lynn Rogers as


he said in the film. They way they escape danger is to escape up trees


and the worst thing you can do in a fire of course is go up a tree. Max


shot this footage on the day of the fire. This is lovely Jewel, the


first-time mum with her two cubs, Herbie and Fern. I've been here for


almost a month and I haven't seen this yet, I haven't seen a mum


claim the trees with her young. Is Jewel reacting to the fire? Look at


her sniffing? A bear's sense of smell is thought to be a hundred


times better than ours, they can smell food up to two miles away. Is


this why she took her cubs up a tree? Whatever the reason, it was


obviously the wrng place for her to be had the fire swept through. --


wrong place. She was absolutely fine. But what about Juliet and her


three cubs, Sam, Sybil and Sophie? We chased after them yesterday,


were frantically worried. We didn't get any signal from the GPS but did


eventually track them down and here they are safe and sound. Sam, Sybil


and Sophie and mum found in a nice bogy area trying to stay cool, more


worried by the mosquitoes and ticks than the fire there. We all know,


the crew and team, we all know about the ticks. One of the


cameramen manageded to remove 50 from his trousers the other day -


that was very lovely. That's what's been happening in Ely. Now the fire


is pretty much under control, the fire department say 90% under


control. But they are not taking any chances, they are combing


through every ember to make absolutely certain that a rogue


spark cannot escape. So very dramatic. We've lost


thousands of trees here and actually trees lie at the heart of


another war on the other side of the world in Sri Lanka, gremlin and


the monkeys are getting into We have been following the life of


Gremlin, a tiny female macaque growing up among the ruins of an


ancient city in Sri Lanka. At 11 weeks old, she is slowly learning


the rules of her strictly hierarchical society. In this


family, she is more or less the lowest of the low, so perhaps the


most crucial lesson she has learned so far is how to properly on are


the king of the temple troop, Hector, by chattering her teeth.


But bigger lessons lie in store, and little Gremlin tends to learn


things the hard way. Cameraman Gavin has spent May following every


milestone in run in's life. It is a hot day in the temple ruins.


Temperatures at this time of year reach well into the 30s. Gremlin


starts the day with a cuddle and a feed from mum. Whereas King hector


is starting the day with a grooming session from some of his loyal suss


-- subjects. This hot weather is perfect for ripening figs, and


there is a tree on the edge of their territory which is bursting


with them. The time has finally come for the figs to be harvested.


Unfortunately, the tree marks the border of their territory with


their arch rivals, the Slumdog eggs. These unsavoury characters live


among the houses and rubbish dumps of the town. They are led by the


fierce and uncompromising macaque. His ire was damaged in a run-in


with King Hector, and there are old scores to settle. They have been


keeping watch on the tree, too, biding their time. The hungry and


excited temple troop make their move. Gremlin is happily swinging


towards the tree with her family. Putting into practice all of her


best moves. Right now, life is good in Gremlin's innocent little world,


but around here, things can change in the blink of an eye. The Slumdog


Sorel so making their way towards the tree, their scouts moving ahead


of the main raiding party. Naive little Gremlin, always curious and


keen to explore, is highly in the tree. 30 feet below her, the rival


scouts have spotted each other. Warning calls go out. Battle lines


are being rapidly drawn. Hector and bad I are old campaigners, Tokely


aware that lives are at stake. Gremlin must leave with the females.


If the other troop catch her, they will show no mercy. Footsoldiers


from both sides charge a teacher there. They are testing to see if


one will back down. -- they charge each other. But there is too much


at stake. There is only one way to There is a mother with a baby right


The battle is over. For some, it was their last. A sudden storm


tears through the forest. Already frightened, the temple troop panic


and flee into the deep forest, in complete disarray. Gremlin is


nowhere to be seen. If she is lost, the noise of the storm will cover


any contact call that she would use to find her mother or her trooper.


-- her troupe. And as darkness falls, Gavin searches for her.


is unfortunate that the noise of the storm stopped them regrouping


after the battle. I still have not found Kremlin. -- Gremlin. Let's


The next day, the troupe has regrouped. The fig tree is theirs.


And the other troops have been vanquished. The family are relaxing,


licking their wounds and re- establishing their bonds. His old


female and heard little baby are safe. -- her baby. King hector is


languishing in his victory, but what about Kremlin? Am concerned


that I cannot see Gremlin. Lots of the key players are here. There is


little Richard, Hector, but I have not seen Gremlin yet. Their Shias.


Right on the edge of the group. -- there she is. She has made it home


to her family in one piece. Gremlin has had a lucky escape, but she is


no longer the naive little monkey she once was. She has had to grow


up fast. Life for baby animals like her can often be short and brutal,


but if she can learn her lessons well, then she might just be one of


the lucky ones. Another big fright for little


Gremlin, and for us. She keeps getting into these scrapes and then


getting out just at the last moment. The thing is, at these times of


intense competition for resources, we see these brutal clashes.


Sometimes when a family as new mouths to feed, they have to risk


everything if it means a guaranteed meal. Welcome back. You are live


with me in Kenya. We are going to talk about elephants now. Out there,


we have one that was having a scratch or trying to push down a


tree a moment ago. That is going to be relevant in a few moments. The


last time we met the newborn calf, Mayer, born into a herd that we


know was hit hard by poachers. They lost all of their elders, and all


of their wisdom and knowledge. Whilst here, we have seen them lose


Maya's mother is only nine years old. She is an exceptionally young


first-time mum, and Maya was born unusually small. When the crew came


across her, Maya was only five or six hours old. Her mother took a


while to find her feet as a mother. First, she did not even know to let


Maya circle, and she left her baby exposed to the sun. In the heat of


the day, Maya was at risk of heat exhaustion, but to the crew's


relief, her mother led her to a wallow and called her down. This


was Maya's first experience of water. It may well have saved her


life. Meeting the rest of the herd for the first time is a big deal,


especially for the other young females. 25-year-old Annie, one of


the oldest in the family, wanted Maya to know their place. Maya's


eyesight is poor, and she will follow other elephants, thinking


they are her mother. Annie gives her a gentle nudge, as if to say,


Elephants are born weak and vulnerable, and Maya had to grow up


fast. An older car seemed to be bullying her, forever pulling her


tail. -- calf. But as her strength and confidence grew, Maya started


to play on her own terms and her personality began to shine through.


At this stage, Maya is full of fun, enjoying exploring the world in her


own unique way. Our cameraman, Warren, has been fascinated by this


Karthik. One of the things that strikes me as just how small and


elephant starts off in its life and how big it grows to. I have is one


shot of his elephant calf between all of these legs. Having lost one


calf, the family seemed determined to keep Maya safe from harm.


think that is amazing, that the little calf lives among these


mobile tree-trunks, and how gentle the adults are with their babies.


Warren has watched Maya and her mother over their first 10 days, as


they have bonded and survived against the odds. She is clearly


getting more experienced and more confident with looking after this


little baby, and it is lovely to see just how wonderful she is doing


as a first-time mother. Maya has got through her most vulnerable


time. But she still faces big challenges. The herd will have to


cross the river soon to feed on the other side. And without the


guidance of any Elders, mistakes could be made.


I know! We are all hoping for the best. Warren will be with Maya


pretty much constantly and we will give you the latest in the next


show. You may have noticed that in all of the elephant herds and


families that we follow her around, all of the adults are female. There


is a good reason for that. That is because when male elephants reach


maturity, they are no longer welcome in the family. Not


surprising. Feisty is a nice way of putting it. Take this tree, for


example. That is my tent, where I sleep. The other night, a male


elephant came over here and just pushed the tree over, for no


conceivable reason. He might as well have put a traffic cone on his


head and danced down the High Street. But if you think that is


bad, at certain times of year, what social niceties they do observe go


clean-out of the window. Bull elephants are nomads, kicked out of


the herd when they become teenagers, between 10 and 15 years old. They


then spend most of the year roaming outside of the reserve. But in May,


they return to the sanctuary of Samburu to mate. First, they have


to work out who is boss. In a heightened state of sexual


aggression, they size each other up. This can last for up to four months.


In Samburu, it often occurs at the end of the rainy season, when more


females are ready to breed. Modified sweat glands on their


heads become inflamed and start to secrete a dark, oily and incredibly


smelly substance. This sends out a Males in must are unpredictable,


dominant, excitable and totally single-minded. And they have been


known to destroy everything in their path. Sometimes young males


-- sometimes they are killed by others. When they have court today


female and are accepted, they get their reward. After nearly 22


months, the longest pregnancy of any mammal, the calves are born.


Because the males fight for the females, only the strongest get to


mate. That is how it works. But there is a twist, because it is


precisely those strong, big males, with the biggest tasks, that are


killed for their ivory by poachers. If poaching continues to escalate


at the current rate, the future of the elephant is in doubt. That is


just a fact. Anyway, this is a patch showed tonight and here is


what is coming up. -- a packed show. Still to come:


Polar bear cubs face the harsh realities of life on the open ice.


Swift and the rest of her family of Welcome back to Ely. The fires that


have been raging here for the past few days have really pointed out


another danger for the Black Bears. I want to know if June and her


yearlings, Aster and Aspen are still together, or whether the


yearlings were facing the fires on their own. I went back into the


woods with Dr Lynn Rogers yesterday and something else was pointed out


to me, something extraordinary, June is really making us work today.


We have been going for about 40 minutes. Hello, little Aster.


honestly did not think we would track the Bears today. They are


still together. Two things I want to do. I want to take their heart


rate, if I can, and I want to see if you've got any metal in you.


June. It shows a red light. So that is a bullet? Yes, probably from a


shotgun. Sometimes people, if they see a bear going through their yard,


they are filled with fear. They have read too many wild stories


about theirs. So they feel like they have got to shoot it. That is


my goal in life, to have people understand them better, so they do


not feel like they have to shoot every bear that they see. She is a


really good mother. She is 11 years old. We have been watching her


since she was four. She is your favourite? Yes, she really years.


She has given us so much and I trust her more than any of the


others. What you think makes her a special? The trust, the working


relationship she has. She understands me, I understand her.


How do you feel when you go over her with a metal detector and find


bits of bullet? I just want people to learn the truth about them. And


through this bear and a few others, we have learned the language, we


can convey it to people. When people meet them, instead of


misunderstanding them, they will know what they are saying. I am


just looking for chances to show the world that. Thank you. Thank


you. This could be the last time we see them together. We keep saying


June is absolutely riddled with these pellets from a gun. Really,


it's brought it home for us all here in the north Woods of


Minnesota that yes the black bears are facing all the dangers, the


predators, the fires, but the biggest threats of all to the black


bears still is the humans. You heard Dr Lynn there talking about


June. He thinks she is an exceptional bear, a special bear,


some of the bears do have different personalities. June seems to be a


very caring and very tolerant bear. Is that one of the reasons why she


can't maybe do family break-up very well? Lily, her daughter, doesn't


seem to have that problem. This is lily with her female cub Faith


about three weeks ago, but once she decided to break up, that was it.


On 7th May, she ousted Faith and they haven't been together since.


Lily is now on her own and they think with a male, in the company


of a male. She's behaving slightly differently, she's moving a lot


more than normal and not foraging and sniffing almost everywhere she


goes, so real indicators that perhaps she is with a male.


Incredibly hard to film big males, very, very rare indeed. In his


lifetime here in the woods, 45 years plus, Lynn Rogers has only


seen a handful of males, so we thought our best chance of getting


a male on camera would be to set up camera traps. That's what we got


Max to do. He set them up over the past couple of nights. That is what


we captured. The night before last this was. There is a racoon popping


in to say hello. Did we get a male? Yes, we did. There he is. That is a


male. He's an adolescent, not a big boy, possibly about three or four


years old, old enough to mate but to do so, he'd have to be very


cheeky because he's definitely not big enough to hold ground against


the really big males in these woods. Speaking of the big males, we've


got something very special to show you now, something very rare. This


is two big males fighting. Watch That is incredible footage. Look at


the size of the males. This is the skull of a male and this is the


skull of a female. Look at the sagittal crest there where the jaw


muscles cling on. Phenomenal difference. They really are very,


very special creatures. That is what Asper and Aspen are facing.


Now, we know that millions of you are following the flight of our


meerkat family and in particular you're very keen to know what's


happened to Ernesto. He was bitten by a venomous snake the last time


you saw him. So what's gone on? The family are underground in a burrow


spending the night in a rival meerkats' burrow. In the morning


when they all came up, Ernesto was in a terrible state with a clear


wound to the head where they think a cape cobra had bitten him. He


looked at death's door. The family couldn't stay with him with four


little pups to feed. They had to get out there foraging. Ernesto


tried to keep up, bless him, but eventually fell behind and found an


empty burrow where he could curl up quietly. We all know what we


thought was going to happen then. We thought he died. Two days later


when the family returned to their own burrow what they thought was an


intruder turned out to be Ernesto still alive and, amazingly, he'd


somehow dragged himself home. The very latest news oner knows toe


from Toby and the team in South Africa is that Ernesto continues to


recover slowly and is looking better -- news on Ernesto.


What else is happening with the Whisker family in South Africa?


Swift is a little meerkat with a big family living in the Southern


Kalahari. This May has turned out to be a tough one for the Whiskers


family. The rains failed and food supplies are running lower and


lower. The dominant female is responsible for making sure Swift


and the other pups get enough to eat. Recently, she's been forced to


lead them deep into enemy territory. Cameraman Toby Strong has been


following all their ups and downs. The Joe of their recent return home


is short-lived. Whilst they were away, stealing food from someone


else's la Da, the same was happening to them -- else's larder.


Nicking each other's food is in the DNA of these creatures, but they


hate it when it happens to them. The Whiskers have caught the swent


of a rival group and they are furious -- scent. One of the


families spots something. It could be their thieving neighbours


returning for more. Straight towards the sand dunes to the north.


I'm presuming it's another big group. Tails up and backs arched,


this war dance is a visual show of strength to any rivals. The bigger


the show, the better the chance of scaring off their rivals.


This is a turning point for Swift. She's only seven weeks old. But if


she's going to survive as a meerkat, she has to know how to defend the


family's territory. These guys are all over the police.


-- place. Swift and her sister right at the forefront. They know


know fear. It's worked. The show of strength sent the opposition


packing and dp swift has earned her stripes. They've now come across a


bolt hole. A lot of sniffing, a lot of marking. Hyper aware, everyone


keeping an eye. Tails up. Super, super... Emily doesn't like what


she smells one little bit. They're all off. I've never seen them run


this far, this fast. There is a very real danger there whatever it


was. After intense danger like that, you


can see everyone's playing, reaffirming contact touch. There is


a huge release of energy. It's been a landmark day for Swift. She's


learned how to defend her territory and, just as importantly, she's


learned when to flee. And for a meerkat growing up in


this tough little corner of Africa, that's the difference between life-


An eventful day for Swift and family and the meerkat team will


bring you a final update in the next show.


Last time we heard how Moja might be directly descended from


legendary lion Notch. Because Moja and his mum live as outcasts, his


father and grandfather never just drop by. The situation is different


There are eight cubs in this large extended family. They enjoy lots of


rough-and-tumble as they ambush and stalk one another. Building up core


muscle strength and honing their hunting skills.


The mating ritual of a Jackson's widow bird is fascinating.


But the highlight of the day is when their three dads pay them a


visit. The males control two prides and divide their time between them.


Everyone is happy to see them and Males play an active role in


bringing up their own cubs. They want to make sure their offspring


survive. These battle-scarred bruisers look


like they have the weight of the world on their shoulders. But it's


hard to get a moment's peace with It's what happens next that really


cements the difference between these cubs and Moja. The whole


pride begins to roar. It's a phenomenal sound. The whole family


are saying, we are back together and we are strong. It's for their


neighbours' benefit as much as their own.


The cubs try to join in. But it's more of a miaow than a


Ten miles away, Moja and Nyota don't make a sound.


Roaring is all about territory and they are always trespassing.


They don't want anyone to know where they are.


They live their lives in silence. The thing is, not only are Moja and


Nyota forced to live in silence, they are forced to hunt in the day.


The fact that she's so successful is a very strong testament indeed


to Nyota's skill because, in the savannah, it's when the sun goes


down that the lions come into their own.


The lions are desuened to hunt at night.


-- designed to hunt at night. The white fur under their eyes acts


like a mirror reflecting all available light up into their eyes.


They have more light sensitive reSeptemberors -- recentors and a


special filter allows more light in but less light out.


-- receptos. At night, lions are hidden from their quarrifplt --


their quarry. Grazers can see for miles in the day, but in low light,


lions can creep up unseen. They are sprinters with awesome


acceleration, but they have to be close to catch such speedy prey.


They approach with incredible The night truly belongs to the lion.


We here lions out there roaring from here in our camp pretty much


every night. Jackson decided it was time for me to get closer to the


action and spend a night out there in the middle of a pride's


I'll be honest, I've been really looking forward to this because I


like a camping trip, I've packed my bag, got everything with me. What


kind of camping will it be? Drastic. Hopefully not too bad rustic. Just


a bit out of your comfort zone. We are going to be out in lion


Jackson, what is to stop them eating, say, me? To be honest, you


don't taste good. That's good. That's OK, I don't mind that.


the Masai Mara, they have developed a fear of humans. But at night,


they become bold, curious. They tend to become a completely


As the Lions get ready for a busy night, Jackson roasts mutton over


the fire. The smell of the meek will attract lions, hyenas,


leopards, every other predator will be crawling. -- the smell of the


meat. Just guess how many animals are looking at us right now. To be


honest, I did not want to guess, but the thermal camera confirmed my


unnerving sense of being watched. That's another one. Another one.


And that is close. Fantastic. I so enjoy that sound. A roaring lion


can be heard at least five miles away. At night, it is all about


letting other Lions know that Are they flanking us? We are


surrounded. Yes, that is exactly what I didn't want to hear you say,


OK? The Masai people have their own translation of what it means.


did you come here? This is my territory. This is my territory.


I'm rule, I rule, I rule. That is what they are talking about right


now. That is a hyena. OK. The first one is asking us any questions.


They are asking us, what have you left behind? We are not likely to


see Moja's mum out here at night. No, her main priority at the moment


is her son, Moja. So she is hunting during the day, while the other


predators, the Lions, the hyenas, they are all nocturnal, as you can


see. And then she goes back and sleeps during the night. The


It was magical, thrilling, completely unforgettable. It is


interesting how much we are learning about lions by watching


what Moja and Nyota do not do. They do not raw, they do not hunt at


night, do not interact with other lions. None of that means they will


not make it. They are sleeping, staying safe and the film crews


will catch up with them tomorrow for the final instalment in our


next show. Now, from Africa to the Arctic. That is where Gordon


Buchanan spent the spring following newborn bear cubs. This is the


Up in the Arctic, Micky and Luca have been out of the day and for


five days. -- out of the Den. Like most toddlers, they are enjoying


exploring the new world. But for their mum, Lyra, it is decision


time. Should she leave the safety of the den and risk the lives of


her cubs, or stay and staff? -- Look! I think it is getting closer


to the stage when they are going to disappear. This is what happens. It


starts off very, very slowly, a little bit of exercise. And then


suddenly, the mother will decide the cubs are ready to walk, and she


At the moment, Micky and Luca are unaware of the perils that lie


ahead. With every young animal, every little bit of play is an


important lesson. Over the next year, these cubs are going to have


to walk hundreds of miles, over snow and ice. Wow! Just sliding


down the slope. This rough and tumble will help to strengthen


their muscles for the long trek to the hunting grounds. Lyra must find


food if she is to continue to provide them with milk. Like all


polar bears, she hunts out on the sea ice. But this year, very little


has formed. This will make hunting very difficult. You forget,


watching them playing on the slope, that they have hard times ahead of


them. They have incredibly hard times ahead of them. She is not


going to want them to go too far. There is a lone male on the ice


below. He is hunting seals, but if he catches their scent, Micky and


Luca are in big trouble. He will attack them. He can smell a seal


under the ice. But the ice is too thick to break through. Micky and


Blucher would make a much easier meal. -- Micky and Luca. Especially


now that their mum is finally ready to start her journey. I think I


know what is going through her mind. One, I have to look after my cubs.


Two, I am hungry. Adults polar bears can easily cover 50 miles


each day. At three months old, Micky and Luca are going to have to


work hard. It is epic to see these tiny animals just setting out on


This is a journey that will last the rest of their lives.


Well, there is no doubt that little Micky and Luca face a very


uncertain future. Lyra, their mum, has to eat. She has lost almost


half her body weight during the Arctic winter. An average polar


bear needs to eat about 50 seals each year in order to survive. It


is the largest land carnivore on the planet. Let's put that into


some perspective. A large male polar bear in his prime will


weigh... 270 kilos is what a large bear here will way, so a big polar


bear is three times that size. Absolutely enormous. While Gordon


has been filming, they have also been darting and sedating the


mother, so they can fit her with a radio collar. Those Collor's work


in exactly the same way as the Black Bear collars. You can see


that Micky and Luca are attached to mum, so that they do not wander off.


There are more black bears in Minnesota than polar bears left in


the world, so that is vital data. This also gave Gordon a chance to


get close to a polar bear. Can I come in closer? Yes. Hello.


These cards are in perfect health, incredibly healthy. I have just


been told that this is not her first litter. And that is a great


thing for the cubs. If she has raised cubs before, their chance of


How does it sound if I follow you around? That would be nice,


wouldn't it? We could become good friends until you get big enough to


eat me! They have a very, very long road


ahead of them, those little polar bear cubs. But thanks to the radio


collars, Gordon will be able to follow them almost every step of


the way through this very tough Arctic summer. If you want to


continue to keep up with their story, keep watching the BBC,


because Gordon's series will be coming on towards the end of the


year. Watch out for that, Gordon and the polar bears. The polar


bears are not the only animals that will be spending the summer in the


Arctic. We have been following migrating gray whales from here as


well, heading up the Pacific coast to Arctic waters where they will be


feeding. They are very rich feeding grounds for gray whales. Along the


way, they have been doing everything they can to avoid pods


of killer whales that attack them and take the cards. -- take their


calves. Hopefully, on our last show on Thursday, we can bring you


footage of the gray whales in their First feeding ground, just off


Vancouver Island. We have a team setting off to get those pictures.


Hopefully that will be in our final show on Thursday. Also in our final


show - I cannot believe the series is nearly over - we will be finding


out if Aster and Aspen have finally broken up. Will they, won't they?


They are still together at the moment, that is the news Justin.


And little Sybil, she has been going from strength to strength.


Will she make it through the summer? How cute is that? We hope


she will do. And the male bears, roaming, prowling, moving in on the


ladies. We will see if we can get one on camera. We are doing our


very best on Planet Earth alive. We are very near the end of this


show and the series. And there are still so many questions left


unanswered. With cubs astern Aspen still


hanging around their mum, will it be a violent break-up for June's


family. What about baby Gremlin? After the fight between her troupe


and a rival gang, she had a lucky escape, but she remains vulnerable.


And will lion cub Moja and his remarkable mum beat the odds and


survive their life on the run? Remember, you can keep up to date


with all of our stories and share the adventure on our website, one


Twitter and on Facebook. And that is it for tonight. But


remember, as always, the stories go on. Moja and Nyota are out there


Richard Hammond and Julia Bradbury are reaching the end of the epic three week global wildlife event. They are following a cast of wild animal characters, and present the latest updates on them as they try to survive the toughest month of the year.

In Kenya, Richard updates on Moja the lion cub and the baby elephants. Over in Minnesota, North America, Julia has more news of the black bear cubs. Plus reports on the meerkats in South Africa and the monkeys in Sri Lanka.

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