Episode 8 Planet Earth Live


Episode 8

Richard Hammond and Julia Bradbury present the final live update. It is a chance to say goodbye to the bears, lions, elephants, meerkats, monkeys, whales, otters and more.


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Transcript


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We've been following individual animal dramas throughout the month

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of May, 2012. As this critical month draws it a close, what does

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it mean for our meerkat, Swift? Our macaques, Gremlin, and all of the

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other animals? As we head into June and beyond, how will it affect

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their chances? This is Planet Earth Live.

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Jumbo! I still think that is the friendliest greeting anywhere why

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the world. Welcome back to the Masai Mara. This is starting to

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feel like home to me. If you have been following from the start,

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maybe it is feeling like home to you as well. We have been following

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incredible stories. Stories we could not have possibly predicted.

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Tonight we have the final story. Even today, there are breaks news

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stories flooding in from our teams. None bigger than that, but the one

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coming in from 8,000 miles away, from Julia and the rest of the team.

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Hello, welcome to the state of Minnesota. It is the 12th largest

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state in the United States of America it is home to more than 5

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million humans and 25,000 black bears. As you can see it is a

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little damp here today, but it has not dampened our spirits. It is a

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defining month, May, for the black bears. It's the first time they

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emerge from their dense. They eat the first food in six months and

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for the me mail it is is the arrival on the scene of the males.

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The males are now in town. We promised we would do our very best

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to capture the males on camera. They are very elusive, it is very

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difficult to do. We have done that and more. Remember this fellow? We

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caught him on the camera trap. We sid -- said he was about three or

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four years of age. We said he would be cheeky and sneaky if he were to

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mate with a female. Well, he has been both sneaky and cheeky. One of

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our team-mates followed him into a den where he mated with an old lady

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braif brave. What happened next, we have -- lady, Braveheart. What

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happened next, we have found out is very rare, to capture it on film is

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very rare indeed. Braveheart is June's niece. She has lured this

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male in with her scent. She leads him into the bushes, to

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get away from the prying eyes of the neighbours.

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And because he is a little smaller In the bear world this delicate

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dance is called fluttering. It's exhausting work for both of

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them. Braveheart grooms him for ticks as

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a way of maintaining their bond. Usualally, mating bears would stay

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together for a week. But for this loving couple it was

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Aw! Some bear love. Because it is so rare we don't know very much

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about the behaviour. We don't know the success rate. We don't know how

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many times that the bears meet in their encounter, but we ne that a

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mixed litter is not usual with other bears. We captured June on a

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camera trap. There she is. Back then she's got her three year lings

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with her. What this means, let me do that for you, what that means is,

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getting rid of the rain there, is that Braveheart has ejected her

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year lings in a family break-up. What we are waiting to find out is

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whether or not June has done the same. We are following June, Aster

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and Aspen. Has she broken up with her year lings? We will let you

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know later on in the programme. Also, I shall be saying farewell to

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Juliet and her three cubs, Sam, Sybil and Sophie. So, a lot of

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change happening here, Richard, it is change for you in the Masai Mara,

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I know, the advent of a new animal moving in? Oh, yes.

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Big news to change everything for Moja and Nyota.

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Here is a tree, I will tell you why this is the lion's favourite tree,

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but here is the thing. You may have noticed that it has not been

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raining in the Masai Mara. I have noticed the difference, have a

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listen... That is the sound of the dry season. Every insect in the

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Masai Mara coming out to chirp the night away. The arrival of the dry

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season means one big thing. The arrival of mass migration, hundreds

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of thousands of wilder beast coming in to feed on the lush, long

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grasses that are ready for them. A couple of days ago, I got wind of a

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herd of zebra, loitering with intent. I rushed to spot, hoping to

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spot one of the first arrivals to cross into Moja and Nyota's fertory.

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Right behind me, the zebra crossing the river, they are the vanguard.

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Right at the very tip of that migration.

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It's a new time for the Mara and for the lions.

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What an absolutely magical moment. This is just the beginning.

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On its way from the grasslands of the Serengetti, one of the greatest

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Apology for the loss of subtitles for 55 seconds

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Nyota and the other lions will soon Being there, for us all, seeing the

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first few zebra crossing, that pivotal moment, the turning point,

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the start of a new time for the lions, we are so lucky to see that.

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If we have learned one thing, it is never easy for a lion, whether you

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live in a pride or on your own it is a constant trial of survival and

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the Masai Mara, it is one of the many few great seasonal changes

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happening around the world this month. May has seen the end of the

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rainy season as cross the tropics. For grassing across Africa, the

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times of grazing has become and not a moment too soon for the preders

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to, but as the month -- pret tors, but as the month draws to a close,

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parts of Africa end in another long, dry season and in a few months,

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many of the animals will be forced to disperse once more. It is a

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similar pat northern Sri Lanka, where a hot and humid May is about

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to give way to drought. In the Northern Hemisphere, the spring has

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been unseasonaly warm. In some places, the snow melted a month

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early. Ahead lies the bounty of the summer, a vital chance to stock up

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before the long northern winter. Even further north in the Arctic,

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May, 2012, has been the exception with warm temperatures causing the

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sea ice to break up early. This is having a profound effect on the

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lives of the animals there. Down in the Southern Hemisphere, winter is

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on its way. Life in the Kalahari is set to get tougher. Nature is

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complex. Every year is different. May 2012, has presented unique

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challenges for animals around the globe.

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So, that's the big picture. Huge seasonal changes coming around the

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globe that will have profound effects for all of the young

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animals that we are following. 2,000 miles south of the Kalahari

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desert, the winter is coming, which means for the meerkats that the

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This is Swift. She's just woken up on a cold winter's morning in the

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Kalahari desert. This is one of the toughest places

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to grow up, but Swift is one of the lucky once. She is part of an

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kprepgsal family, called the Whisker. Over the last month,

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they've been teaching here all of the tricks of the meerkat trade.

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Camera man Toby Strong has been watching Swift and her three sible

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ings make the first steps towards - - siblings make the first steps

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towards independence. The dark chests are like solar

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panels soaking in every drop of of the dawn's first rays.

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Recharged, they head out into the desert for a day's foraging.

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Swift is growing fast, living on handouts from the family.

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But they went feed her forever. Injust a few weeks, Swift will have

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to fend for herself. And with winter coming to the

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Kalahari, that's just going to get harder.

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Almost everything a meerkat eats is under ground.

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With their exceptional sense of smell they sniff out a snack and

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work like mini excavators, shifting their own body weight in sand in

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less than a minute. By watching and mimicking, Swift is

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slowly getting the hang of it. The more she practises, the better

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she'll get. But today, the adults are on the

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hunt for the meerkats' favourite food, scorpions. They are a bit

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spicy. Some of the species around here have a sting potent enough to

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kill a human. The adults have built up immunity to the venom. They

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But for Swift and the other pups, the scorpions present a very real

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danger. And the sting could do her some

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serious damage. So she has to be trained by the adults in the fine

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art of disarming them. With a bite to the tail, Swift's cousin,

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Arnesto, himself recovering from a snake bite, make it is safe.

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Then it is over to Swift to finish the job. Within a few weeks, she

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will be experienced enough to handle one all by herself.

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Thanks to this tireless support from the whole family, Swift is

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The rains had failed this year, food was thin on the ground. The

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pups and Swift had only a 50/50 chance of making it, but by working

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as a team, this incredible family have given the pups the very best

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start in life. Kalahari breeds tough animals. No-

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one em bodies that more than Ernesto. Struck in the face by a

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Cobra, and here he is now, back with the group and they are all

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thriving. Because of that, Enni spotted

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danger, no chances, she's been such a good leader. She's seen this

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group through some real hardships. When you look at Swift, she's got

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all of attributes. That feistyness, the determination, and she is the

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most dominant. When they have war- danced, she'sed been at the very

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front of it all. Who knows, in three or four years'

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time, Swift could be leading her own little band of meerkats in this

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parched corner of Africa. Little Swift may be showing early

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leadership potential there, who knows? There is more information on

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all of the animals we have been following on our website. So, for

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the meerkats, rain means food, but it could not be more the opposite

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situation for the lions of the Mara. Even though there are a few zebra

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coming through, Nyota is working hard to find a meal.

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Its been days since their last meal. Nyota keeps look-out.

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Moja wants to stay close, but climbing trees doesn't come

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naturally. His neighbours, the cubs of the

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Acacia Pride are full of confidence and up for scaling new heights.

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Their hunting skills are improving by the day.

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The best way to learn is by watching the experts.

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They live in one of the richest areas of real estate in the Mara,

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but the prey here is fast and vigilant.

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Teamwork is everything. The lionesss surround their target.

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The net is closed. A baby elan, much slower Ann

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adult... They have used up a lot of energy for such a small male and

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there are many hungry mouths to feed. Being in such a big family

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does have its disadvantages, if you are small you don't get a look in.

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One good thing to say, perhaps, for being in a tiny family unit, when

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Nyota make it is kill, it only has to be shared with Moja, but with

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the warthogs running out by the day, Nyota is going to be lucky indeed

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to find anything to hunt in their no-man's land. Nyota spends all

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morning at her post. But she is ever alert.

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Moja waits patiently, but at a more managable height.

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Then, kongoni on the horizon. These antelopes have sharp eyes and

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quick feet. By no means an easy meal.

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Using the long grass as cover, she approaches unseen.

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The kongoni and the crew lose sight of her.

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This is the best meal we've seen Moja have in around a month.

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Mother and cub eat. Uninterup theed for two days.

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At last, his belly is full. Nyota has shown she can take the

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most challenging of prey. With a migration just around the corner,

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things are about to get a whole lot easier.

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We have seen the first few lines of zebra. That is hope for her and

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hope for Moja. The first few zebras arriving, this

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they are the first of many thousands? Yes, they are the

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advance party. They are filtering across. She'll hunt zebra, no two

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ways about it. Single lionesses are supposed to

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live miserable, dangerous lives, but Nyota has been a revelation.

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Every single day she's done something to surprise us, this lion.

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We had expected skulking, a kind of tragic lioness, look! And it's been

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such a treat. I really want to stay for another three months, please!

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We really must not underest mate -- underestimate how difficult it was

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to catch that kongoni. Their eyesight is really so good. They

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are very, very fast and once again, Nyota has proved herself as a great

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mother. So, Moja has had a good feed. More food should be arriving

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soon, but what about the long-term hopes for our little cub? Don't

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worry, we will address that tonight, but that who exercise has taught us

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all, just how critical a mother's care is to the young animals.

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Absolutely right, Richard. Critical. Right here in Minnesota, the black

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bear females are leaving their scent. The males have moved in,

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they are on the parole, they are looking to mate with females. For

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the mothers of year lings, in tow, this means that they have to effect

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the family break-up as soon as possible. We have seen Braveheart

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mating in that extraordinary footage. She has done it, she had

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three year lings, but what about June, Aspen and Aster? We are

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following their storeys. -- their stories. June has had a couple of

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difficult times breaking up with hir cubs, and the latest news? She

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still has not broken up with them. There are beautiful scenes of her

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with her year lings, Aspen and Aster, they are very much loved up.

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They have still very much together. Aspened a Aster, however, are

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living on borrowed time it is not long before they have to face the

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woods on their own. They have tough challenges ahead of them. We have

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spoken about it, the predators, the threat of forest fire, the lack of

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food, but perhaps the biggest threat of all to the black bears

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here in Minnesota is man. 80% of black bears here in Minnesota will

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die at the hands of man. Man and bear live side by side, but so

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often the bears get into trouble. Some people here have an inbuilt

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fear of black bears. They think of them as wild, carniverous creatures,

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some people will simply not tolerate the bears, especially if

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they stray on to their property. It is legal to shoot a bear out of

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shooting season here in Minnesota, if, and here is the law: If you are

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protecting your property. However, the option should only be used if

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the bear is causing immediate danger or significant property

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damage. So it is a personal judgment call. The sad news is that

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on Tuesday one of Lynn's study bears, called Joe was shot. This is

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Jo. She is four years old. She had just split from her year ling,

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Victoria. We don't know the details, but she had been spotted around the

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local town it is incredibly sad that we should lose a bear, even

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more so she was a study bear, providing valuable information to

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Lynn and his team's research data, that they could have lived off for

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years, but he accepts that this is a fact of life here in Minnesota.

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He is upset, but accepts it. I asked him the question, what would

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happen if one of the mothers would have been shoot? He said simply

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that the cubs would die. They are completely reliant on them. So

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hearing that news, makes you realise what struggle the cubs have

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out here. We wanted to check up on the cubs

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before we left, here they are. Looking chipper. Look at them

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suckling away. Juliet has her hands full with these two. They are

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adventurous, a steep learning curve for Jewel. The cubs are doing well,

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Herbie and Fern were the cubs that we saw shivering in the snow. Look

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at them now. Since they have come out of hibernation, the good news

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is that all of them pretty much across the board have doubled in

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weight. So they are doing well, but there is one set of cubs I was keen

:25:10.:25:16.

to keep up with before I left, that is of course, Sam, Sybil and Sophie,

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the cubs that we know belong to Juliet. I headed out to see how

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they are, for one last time, also to say goodbye.

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This is the furthest I have known Juliet to be away from her cubs.

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Let's follow her and see if we can find the cubs. Look at that bottom!

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Look at that! I'm going to miss that view.

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So, here we are wonder writing the cubs might be.

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Silly me... Right at the top of that tree. Look at those bundles.

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They come down there readily when the mother returns. It could mean

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nursing time. Look at this, Sam, Sybil, Sophie,

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hello! She is almost ready to nurse. You can tell.

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She is sitting down, starting to lean back.

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Look at that Lynn knew exactly when that was coming. She just sits back,

:26:22.:26:32.
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opens up the paws, "I'm ready." There is that noise! They all have

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their nipple order sorted out. Sam, who is the mostagile, early on,

:26:41.:26:49.

he has the high end set. The two females have the best ones,

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I can't understand it, but that's why we do research.

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Oh, look at that, look at that. After nursing playtime often

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follows. It is definitely playtime now. Look

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at this little one right by us. They're playing with us! Look at

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Sam taking a ride. She doesn't like it! We've been so lucky with this

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family of bears, we have seen some very, very special moments between

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them, but this... This is She's truly playing with them today.

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What's the one thing, Lynn, that you have to say to me as we walk

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away and leave this family behind? You are one of the few people that

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got to learn directly from the bears, as to how they are like, how

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they live. I'm just happy we got to see something like this, I suspect

:28:14.:28:24.
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it will change your perception of Those are moments that I will never

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forget in my lifetime. It has been an absolute privilege. Lynn said to

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me I am one of the few people in the world who has seen black bears

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in the wild in their natural habitat like that it has been an

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incredible experience. For the young black cubs, they spend a year

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with their mothers before they are set loose to spend time on their

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own two feet. Different for the giant outers in the Amazon, here is

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Dali. Here is the latest news.

:29:16.:29:21.

We've been following the story of Dali, a young giant otter cub and

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his family, forced to live like refugees. He shares the lake with

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over 700 hungry cayman and baby otters are very definitely on the

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menu. For his mum and dad, keeping Dali and his five brothers and

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sisters alive in the middle of this war zone, meant living life on the

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run in a relentless battle for survival. Until one day, they took

:29:46.:29:56.
:29:56.:30:00.

a stand and went head-to-head with one of the cayman.

:30:00.:30:05.

They killed their opponent, but it was a hobble victory. Despite their

:30:05.:30:09.

bravery and round-the-clock attention, mull and dad lost four

:30:09.:30:19.

of their six pups. -- it was a hollow victory. The

:30:19.:30:24.

cameraman returned to the Amazon to see if Dali was still alive. This

:30:24.:30:29.

is what he found. Seven weeks later, I have no idea. I have not had

:30:29.:30:35.

reports from the otters, I don't know how many are left in the group.

:30:35.:30:40.

Scanning the river, suddenly he spots two youngsters.

:30:40.:30:44.

It is so nice to see that two are still going.

:30:44.:30:50.

It's a huge relief, but these pups are almost unrecognisable.

:30:50.:30:55.

Now he is starting to look like a proper otter. He is not a stumpy

:30:55.:31:00.

thing. He is proper and big. I think that is Dali.

:31:00.:31:06.

Dali has turned out to be a true survivor and is now the otter

:31:06.:31:10.

equivalent of a boisterous teenager, keen to eat his parents out of

:31:10.:31:15.

house and home. This feisty male is vocal in his demands.

:31:15.:31:21.

Guess what the otter cub is saying is the equivalent to, "Dad, can I

:31:21.:31:31.
:31:31.:31:32.

have a business kit? Dad, can have I a banana? Dad, I'm hungry "then

:31:33.:31:40.

you hear the adult saying, "No, I haven't. You've had enough." It's

:31:40.:31:45.

like every morning in my house. But Dali is one hungry pup and he

:31:45.:31:49.

is not giving up the chance of an easy meal.

:31:49.:31:53.

He is starting to assert his authority.

:31:53.:32:00.

But he still has a few key lessons to learn.

:32:00.:32:10.
:32:10.:32:11.

Gotcha! They are so to each other normally. I mean they are just

:32:11.:32:17.

about the nicest animals that I know as a family, a group. They

:32:17.:32:21.

love each other to death, but when there is fish involved they would

:32:21.:32:26.

kill each other. The cubs are nearly grown up, so I'm not so

:32:26.:32:30.

worried now. Once they are past the critical point, they can cope, they

:32:30.:32:36.

have a better chance of reaching full adulthood.

:32:36.:32:40.

It's clear that young Dali has what it takes to survive in his

:32:40.:32:45.

dangerous and competitive home in the Peruvian Amazon. Hopefully one

:32:45.:32:49.

day, he'll bring up a family of his own here.

:32:49.:32:53.

It is good to see Dali growing stronger, there, like here, the

:32:54.:32:58.

rainy season is over, which means that the lake will start to dry out,

:32:58.:33:03.

so, inevitably, clashes with cayman are on the horizon. So little Dali

:33:03.:33:07.

will need all of the strength and determination he can muster to get

:33:07.:33:10.

through the next few months. Welcome back to the Masai Mara,

:33:11.:33:15.

here it is not raining. A few moments ago, we caught a glance

:33:16.:33:22.

here of these guys, see, the hippo? In the foreground there is a

:33:22.:33:25.

buffalo too. They are grazing. I am glad we have

:33:25.:33:29.

got the buffalo. They have become like friends.

:33:29.:33:35.

Well, I say friends, they are grumpy, but they are familiar. Well,

:33:35.:33:45.
:33:45.:33:46.

the ladies, the elephants, now it is the hunting trade. The poaching

:33:46.:33:53.

is illegal, it wipe out the trade of female elephants. It leaves them

:33:53.:33:57.

enable to look after their family properly, but there is hope. David

:33:57.:34:02.

Daballen and his team from Save the Elephants wage a daily battle

:34:02.:34:07.

against the impact of poaching. They treat wounded elephants,

:34:07.:34:12.

monitor the herds' movements and monitor and support antipoaching

:34:12.:34:17.

trails. Amazingly, the elephants seem aware of the dangers that they

:34:17.:34:22.

face. They are doing all that they can to stay alive. Young elephants

:34:22.:34:25.

from herds devastated by illegal hunting are now being adopted by

:34:25.:34:32.

other families. When Grace's mum was only 13 years

:34:33.:34:36.

old, her family was almost completely wiped out. Elephants had

:34:36.:34:41.

never been known to care for orphans from other herds, but she

:34:41.:34:47.

was taken in by the clans. This was the first confirmed case of

:34:47.:34:51.

elephant adoption, many more have since been recorded.

:34:51.:34:55.

Even when the families are decimated, this behaviour means

:34:55.:35:00.

that they can still form and function as groups.

:35:00.:35:04.

This shows how caring elephants are, but their intelligence goes further.

:35:04.:35:07.

They know where they are safe and where there is danger.

:35:07.:35:12.

They are using the cover of darkness to run great distances

:35:12.:35:15.

from one safe heatwave tonne another.

:35:15.:35:20.

Elephants are very intelligent animals. They have the ability to

:35:20.:35:27.

adapt to human pressure. In Samburu, they have learned where

:35:27.:35:31.

the reserve ends and where trouble begins. Many families that have

:35:31.:35:37.

been hit hard by poachers do not cross the line.

:35:37.:35:41.

These adaptations really have only just been discovered and documented.

:35:41.:35:45.

Doubtless there are many more we don't yet know about. All of which

:35:46.:35:50.

for me, underlines how complex, emotional, intelligence and like

:35:50.:35:54.

humans elephants are. Which make it is all the more hard to swallow,

:35:54.:35:59.

the fact that we are the greatest threat facing them right now. The

:35:59.:36:08.

good news is in the Samburu Reserve, the elephants can kick back and

:36:08.:36:13.

party in the sunshine. This is the time what they reassociate with

:36:13.:36:17.

their bonds. When you are watching this, keep at the back of the mind

:36:17.:36:22.

what happens when you get back together with your family. Maybe on

:36:22.:36:25.

the beach, maybe in the summer holidays.

:36:25.:36:29.

In the heat of the day, elephants head down to the river.

:36:29.:36:34.

They are in the safety of the shallows and they gather in huge

:36:34.:36:44.
:36:44.:36:45.

groups, up to 300-strong. Many of the herds are related. So

:36:45.:36:49.

this is a chance to catch up with distant relatives and make new

:36:49.:36:57.

friends. For Sky, Grace and the other babies,

:36:57.:37:06.

it is playtime. The only thing missing are the buckets and spades.

:37:06.:37:16.
:37:16.:37:19.

The older kids gang up and run rye oth! -- riot! Teenage boys flex

:37:19.:37:25.

their muscles and suss each other out.

:37:25.:37:30.

The babies still need taking care of, but there are lots of willing

:37:30.:37:34.

babe sitters on hand. Young childless females, keen to practise

:37:34.:37:40.

their parenting skills. With all the family, busy having

:37:41.:37:47.

fun, thewise old mate arcs, finally get a bit of time off. They huddle

:37:47.:37:53.

together, exchanging greetings, sharing secrets, trumpeting calls

:37:53.:37:58.

let everyone know it is all kicking off on the beach and send out a

:37:58.:38:08.
:38:08.:38:21.

clear message to come and join the party.

:38:21.:38:25.

I know! It looks like they are messing about, they kind of are,

:38:25.:38:29.

but it is critical. It ties them together, it reaffirms the bonds.

:38:29.:38:33.

It is absolutely the centre of elephant life. If you were watching

:38:33.:38:39.

like I was, thinking this looks familiar, don't worry, they are not

:38:39.:38:45.

being soppy. They are doing what I do, what we do. When we get

:38:45.:38:50.

together, my older daughters can't wait to get together with the young

:38:51.:38:57.

ones and we are chatting with the older ones it is all terribly

:38:57.:39:04.

complex. Now, family matters, Julia. What is happening? Richard, we are

:39:04.:39:09.

following the migration of the whales.

:39:09.:39:14.

They have pulled into the first feeding ground in Vancouver. Here

:39:14.:39:20.

they are bottom feeders, they will feed now on crustaceans and others

:39:20.:39:25.

on the ocean floor and if there is a plentiful supply of food they

:39:25.:39:30.

will stay there. Some of the grey whales will stay there, others will

:39:30.:39:34.

continue their epic journey, moving to the cooler, OK againated waters

:39:35.:39:41.

in the Arctic. We began following the story back in April.

:39:41.:39:49.

-- o xygenated. The grey whales started their life

:39:49.:39:55.

in Mexico, a few weeks ago, in the warm waters. The calfs sprent three

:39:55.:40:01.

months in the safe havens, learning to swim, nursing on their Mathers

:40:01.:40:05.

fat, rich milk, gathering the strength that they will need to

:40:05.:40:10.

undertake this epic migration. In ape, the first of our mothers leave

:40:10.:40:16.

the lagoon with the mums, heading north on a journey that lasts up to

:40:16.:40:20.

three months. But the further north they travel,

:40:20.:40:29.

the closer they get to danger. In Monterey Bay, our team witnessed

:40:29.:40:37.

an attack on a mother and calf by killer whales.

:40:37.:40:42.

Their strategy, to separate the mother and the calf and to drown

:40:43.:40:46.

the baby. This attack was made even more incredible by the intervention

:40:46.:40:53.

of humpback whales. These attacks can take up to six

:40:53.:40:59.

hours, but this one only took two m the killer Wales are becoming more

:40:59.:41:05.

-- only took two, the killer whales are becoming more efficient. Not

:41:05.:41:09.

only that, but the killer whales moved from the bay, targeting the

:41:09.:41:16.

grey whales in multiple locations along the coast.

:41:16.:41:22.

Many mothers will finish their migration alone.

:41:22.:41:28.

But for the lucky ones, the journey north continues into increasingly

:41:28.:41:33.

colder waters. For a few weeks in the spring, the

:41:33.:41:39.

sun in the Arctic never sets and this bring life to the oxygen-rich

:41:39.:41:43.

cold waters. The grey whales are arriving in time for one of the

:41:43.:41:53.
:41:53.:41:57.

most spectacular events on the planet.

:41:57.:42:01.

Millions of animals have travelled here to feast in the fertile waters

:42:01.:42:11.
:42:11.:42:22.

for a few short months before it freezes again.

:42:22.:42:27.

The mother whales have led their calves through the toughest trial

:42:27.:42:30.

they will ever face. The young whale will make this

:42:30.:42:35.

journey every year on the quest for food.

:42:35.:42:42.

In her lifetime, she may migrate like this 50 times, travelling the

:42:42.:42:46.

equivalent of 20 times around the world. That is half a million miles.

:42:46.:42:51.

She will carry the lessons learned from these journeys for the rest of

:42:51.:43:01.
:43:01.:43:04.

That has absolutely been a series high light for me. I love the fact

:43:04.:43:08.

that on that massive migration, sometimes the calves hitch a ride

:43:08.:43:12.

on the back of their grey whale mothers. Fascinating creatures.

:43:12.:43:16.

Mostly, the grey whale is a solitary animal, apart from the

:43:16.:43:21.

time that they will spend with their babies, there is certainly no

:43:21.:43:25.

social interaction when it comes to food. They don't need to make

:43:25.:43:31.

friends, whether it comes to food. Unlike, of course, our toque

:43:31.:43:36.

macaques in Sri Lanka. The little Gremlin has certainly gotten to

:43:36.:43:42.

know the structure it is not easy. A little bit like dinner at my

:43:42.:43:52.
:43:52.:43:52.

place. We've spent five weeks following

:43:52.:43:58.

Gremlin, a babe macaques in Sri Lanka.

:43:58.:44:02.

Camera man Gavin has been watching her, growing up in front of the

:44:02.:44:06.

camera. This May has been a critical month for her. She's

:44:07.:44:10.

achieved so much in such a short space of time.

:44:10.:44:16.

She's learned to talk, she's learned to walk properly, she's

:44:16.:44:22.

learned to eat solids, and she's learned to avoid certain grown-ups,

:44:22.:44:26.

but probably one of the most important and difficult things she

:44:26.:44:30.

has had to learn is how crucial it is to keep her wits about her, in

:44:31.:44:36.

this highly political and competitive society. She's seen

:44:36.:44:39.

first-hand the harsh reality of what happens if you don't get

:44:39.:44:49.
:44:49.:44:51.

But what of her future? Being near the bottom of the social pile is

:44:51.:44:53.

always going to cause problems for her.

:44:53.:44:59.

This is where the life of the oldest but lowest-ranking female,

:44:59.:45:04.

poppin can provide a valuable insight into what her life may

:45:04.:45:09.

become. I first met Poppin 15 years ago,

:45:09.:45:18.

she had had a couple of off-spring then. She is 23 now and has

:45:18.:45:22.

obviously been a successful monkey. She was and always will be the

:45:22.:45:29.

bottom of the happy. She has even had to give food from her cheeks to

:45:29.:45:35.

a high-ranking female if she wants it. It is all about politics.

:45:35.:45:42.

This is Hector. They are grooming and fussing over him. This is

:45:42.:45:47.

Poppin of ensuring that she is looked after by him, and her babies.

:45:47.:45:54.

She has made a success of her life in spite of her low rank and the

:45:54.:46:00.

recent birth of Richard prove as point. Gremlin will do well to

:46:01.:46:07.

watch Poppin's tricks closely. She will have to have her work cut out,

:46:07.:46:12.

avoiding the nasty neighbours, the Slum Dog Troop, of course. Today

:46:12.:46:20.

she is hanging out with nicer neighbours. The resident troop of

:46:20.:46:27.

Langers, whose territory overlaps the Temple Tree. They are gentle

:46:27.:46:31.

leaf eaters. Gremlin's family spend time interacting with them,

:46:31.:46:36.

grooming and preening them. Gremlin will have to learn the ins and outs

:46:36.:46:46.
:46:46.:46:46.

of how to talk to another species. But no matter who you are

:46:46.:46:52.

neighbours with, you can't beat hajjing -- hanging out with your

:46:52.:46:57.

family. In the very neech future, she has a few important things to

:46:57.:47:02.

try to survive. In the next month or so, Sri Lanka is heading into

:47:02.:47:07.

the dry season. Temperatures can sore into the 40s, when drought and

:47:07.:47:13.

the search for water will be a huge challenge.

:47:13.:47:19.

No-one knows if Gremlin will survive in what can be a harsh and

:47:19.:47:23.

unforgiving world. Her troop's territory among the Temple Ruins is

:47:23.:47:32.

one of the most epic settings on earth.

:47:32.:47:36.

Gremlin's own life dramas, may not be as eventful as the political

:47:36.:47:42.

ones played out here by the Sri Lanka yarian king centuries ago.

:47:42.:47:46.

But this spirited and smart little monkey is learning every lesson

:47:46.:47:56.
:47:56.:47:59.

well so far. She has every chance of making it.

:47:59.:48:02.

If little Gremlin learns to fit in, her family will be her strength.

:48:02.:48:07.

That is the same for the elephants we are following up north from here

:48:07.:48:13.

in Samburu Reserve. When we first met elephant calf, Maya, we thought

:48:14.:48:18.

she did not stand a chance. Her family had been hit so hard by

:48:18.:48:28.
:48:28.:48:28.

poachers, all of the female herd heads had been wiped out, but then

:48:28.:48:33.

Zadie surprised us all, she was the youngest mother.

:48:33.:48:39.

After a poor start, Maya and Zadie quickly found their feet, but there

:48:39.:48:43.

is one challenge that all baby elephants must face, their first

:48:43.:48:48.

river crossing. The crew watched with beated breath

:48:48.:48:58.

as Zadie led Maya into the deep, dangerous part of the river.

:48:58.:49:02.

But Zadie's choices were good ones, there were no crocodiles, the

:49:02.:49:09.

section of the river was wide, shallow and slow h moving.

:49:09.:49:18.

-- slow-moving. The success of her calf's first crossing is a measure

:49:18.:49:24.

of the care she receives. Against the odds, Zadie and the rest of the

:49:24.:49:29.

herd are doing well. I've met up with them on the other side. I've

:49:29.:49:35.

come here to say goodbye to little baby Maya. We watched that elephant

:49:35.:49:39.

from hours after birth up to now, through a difficult time, but they

:49:39.:49:44.

have managed it against all of the odds. As we leave her, I have a

:49:44.:49:51.

food feeling that maybe they will get through and carry on.

:49:51.:50:00.

In the years to come, Ma yarbgs a - - Maya and her family will face

:50:00.:50:07.

dangers, there is no doubt, but what this has shown us is how

:50:07.:50:12.

strong elephant families can be. How if they stay together, stay

:50:12.:50:18.

united they can be OK if they are united.

:50:18.:50:24.

And Moja and Nyota. When we first saw Moja, we thought he did not

:50:24.:50:29.

stand a chance. Here he is when we met him. A bag of bones, now here

:50:29.:50:35.

he is a few weeks later, probably a stone heavier, healthier. We reckon

:50:35.:50:39.

there is every chance he may make it through the lane times and

:50:39.:50:47.

beyond. -- lean times and beyond.

:50:47.:50:53.

The fact that he has grown, obviously, it is only down to his

:50:53.:50:57.

mother's skill in hunting. Having time to feed properly and get that

:50:57.:51:02.

food into him. He needs a lot, doesn't he? He might be small, but

:51:02.:51:08.

he needs a lot? He does. If he grows he needs more food. With the

:51:08.:51:13.

migration on its way, Jackson thinks he will make it through his

:51:13.:51:17.

first rainy season. But what does the future hold for

:51:17.:51:25.

him? He'll stay with Nyota much longer than if he was in a pride.

:51:25.:51:34.

He will learn from her. Then they will hunt together.

:51:34.:51:41.

But he will eventually leave her. He will walk far from his

:51:41.:51:51.
:51:51.:51:54.

birthplace and become a nomad. To take care of a pride he will

:51:54.:51:59.

need back-up. He will join forces with another wand err. Together

:51:59.:52:08.

they can tie and father their own dynasty.

:52:08.:52:13.

At least one in three prides in these grasslands are ruled by such

:52:13.:52:19.

coalitions. Moja's future could be a bright one.

:52:19.:52:24.

Is it being overly romantic and sentimental to say that the tough

:52:24.:52:28.

beginnings could count in his favour. If he make it is, he will

:52:28.:52:34.

be strong, he will be clever, he could take after his mother with

:52:34.:52:38.

his father's genes. It could absurprise. He could be

:52:38.:52:45.

the king of the Masai Mara, if you think of his granddad, he was the

:52:45.:52:50.

king. He could have his genes. I would love to see that.

:52:51.:53:00.
:53:01.:53:02.

All, right now, all he needs to do is to wake up and climb up that

:53:02.:53:07.

tree. Climb he does. He will have to master many more skills, but for

:53:07.:53:11.

now, at least, he's king of the tree.

:53:11.:53:17.

When we first met the lion Moja, we had no way of knowing he would make

:53:17.:53:21.

it through this tough month. Now look at us, hopeful for his future.

:53:21.:53:26.

I suspect that I am probably not alone and that this will change the

:53:26.:53:31.

way that I will look and think about lions forever. I will always

:53:31.:53:36.

remember what they have to go through to make it to adulthood and

:53:36.:53:41.

how every single one of them are tested in ways that you and I are

:53:41.:53:47.

lucky enough never to know. So each one of them, each lion you see,

:53:47.:53:52.

embodies the strength and the vitality of their species. We owe

:53:52.:53:58.

that insight into what make as lion a lion to little Moja. So, thank

:53:58.:54:02.

you, little fella. We owe you for that. Right, we are near the very

:54:02.:54:08.

end. I believe we can have a look at our thermal camera. We saw a

:54:08.:54:14.

giraffe. A rare sight. They don't often move at night, but that one

:54:14.:54:16.

definitely is not probably sleep- walking.

:54:16.:54:21.

Also from earlier today. We saw these, now, they are not the best

:54:21.:54:25.

shots, we could not get to them, they had been hidden, but new

:54:26.:54:29.

arrivals. Even at this late time during our stay here in the Masai

:54:29.:54:35.

Mara. These cubs are about a month or so old. They have been hidden

:54:35.:54:40.

from the other lions, so there you go, the whole thing goes full

:54:40.:54:45.

circle and we start all over again. Julia, I remember saying when this

:54:45.:54:49.

started how I was looking forward to immersing myself in the

:54:49.:54:53.

individual lives of animals, getting a better way of

:54:53.:54:57.

understanding them. I am not ashamed to say that I have rather

:54:57.:55:01.

fallen for some of our lead characters? You don't have to be

:55:01.:55:05.

ashamed Richard, you would not be human if you did not. I have grown

:55:05.:55:11.

close to the wild black bears in Minnesota. To be immersed in their

:55:11.:55:17.

lives the way that we have been, almost 24/7, it is incredible. You

:55:17.:55:21.

see behaviour you would never normally see. As for the whales,

:55:21.:55:26.

well, their behaviour has been utterly captivating. Such an

:55:26.:55:30.

incredible experience watching these fantastic creatures.

:55:30.:55:35.

It is genuinely amazing. I think living alongside the animals we

:55:35.:55:40.

have learned about what it means to grow up in the wild, all that it

:55:40.:55:46.

entails, about staying alongside an incredible mother or learning how

:55:46.:55:49.

much your family can save you. It really has been an incredible

:55:49.:55:59.
:55:59.:55:59.

Apology for the loss of subtitles for 55 seconds

:55:59.:58:04.

experience. I for one will never May, 2012 has been spectacular.

:58:04.:58:10.

Thank you for watching. It has been an absolute privilege, sharing the

:58:10.:58:14.

Richard Hammond and Julia Bradbury present the final live updates from around the world, with the latest news and drama on all the baby animals. It is a chance to say goodbye to the bears, lions, elephants, meerkats, monkeys, whales, otters and more. All of the animals are fighting to survive their most challenging month of the year. Join the team for the last time as they conclude the real-time, real-life animal dramas.


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