Snowdonia Countryfile


John Craven races a hill runner to the summit of Snowdon and meets the volunteers protecting the area's ospreys.

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'and send them tumbling down rivers and into shimmering lakes.


'Snowdonia has beauty at every turn.'


This is the view from the top of Mount Snowdon on a clear day.


It's what thousands of people come to this dramatic


corner of Wales every year hoping to see.


I'll give you 50 minutes today, how does that sound?


I'm not quite sure about that but we'll give it a go.


'Anita may be miles from the sea, but, for her, surf is up.'


'On a much more serious note, Tom's investigating


'what the EU referendum will mean for rural Britain.'


far-reaching consequences for our countryside,


of the debate why they think they deserve your vote.




'And down on Adam's farm, it may be a bit wet and wild,


Great, that's them all in the pens. I'll let Peg go and have a drink,


and then we'll get to work on these lambs.


'Snowdonia National Park is one of Britain's largest


'protected areas, covering more than 800 square miles.


'It's home to the highest peak in Wales - Mount Snowdon.


'I'm in Dolgarrog in the River Conwy Valley


'right on the eastern edge of the park.'


This part of the country has some of Britain's most dramatic


and mountainous landscapes, attracting visitors all year round,


and I'm here to check out one of its latest attractions.


That is Surf Snowdonia, the world's first artificial surf lagoon,


and on this gloriously sunny and dry day,


'This extraordinary place has been built on the site of a former


'Where some just saw a derelict wasteland, Andy Ainscough


'and his dad Martin saw an opportunity to ride the waves.'


The idea is insane, but just looking at it, you sort of think,


"Well, of course this should be here."


So why did you and your dad decide to do it?


We're not too close from the big populations


but we're in a beautiful part of Snowdonia,


we've power next door from a power station,


and surfing is probably the UK's biggest growing water sport,


and it was something I was really passionate about,


so we did it, and six months of development


turned into 12 months, and then we opened in 2015.


It is absolutely fantastic. What's the technology, then?


We've got a big motor at one end and a return wheel at the far end,


and it almost looks like a snowplough that


runs between the middle and creates the wave.


We create a wave of two metres in height every 90 seconds,


so the same wave every time at the push of a button.


'This old industrial site has undergone a complete transformation


'to turn it into an ecologically sensitive surfer's paradise.'


How much of a consideration has the environment been,


because you are in this very spectacular part of the world?


Yeah, this was a factory for almost 100 years,


and when it closed in 2007, it was left derelict.


We came in and cleaned up the land, pumped out all the oils


and solvents, erm, completely broke up all the concrete


and used it in our construction to make the bases for our buildings.


Yeah, we recycled pretty much all the concrete on site.


The water's recycled, that comes from the hydro power station,


from the pipes down from the mountains.


And I've noticed it's not bright blue,


it's kind of a sandy colour underneath it.


Yeah, we always wanted a liner to match the River Conwy.


We're only about half a mile from the River Conwy, which is tidal,


which is sand colour at low tide, so we had to match that.


We're just on the edge of the National Park


so the way this looks is sort of very important.


Cos when you do have a look at it from up high,


Honestly, I thought it would be somewhere like Costa Rica,


I guess I'm going to have to give it a go at some point.


'But before I dip my toe in the water, I want to find out


'about something else on this site that's pretty special.'


It's not just the surfers who are making the most of this environment.


'The landscape and wildlife around the surf lake is also being


'Tucked away in a quiet corner of the site is one of the habitats


'being managed by a team from Natural Resources Wales.'


'have been involved with the project from the start,


'working closely with Andy to help protect the natural environment.'


environmental considerations for this area?


Obviously we've got the main River Conwy just over here,


there's important mussel beds in the estuary,


and also bathing water there as well,


so it was really important for us to protect the water quality


and also the biodiversity in the area.


We've got a nature reserve next door,


a Site of Special Scientific Interest here as well.


And why is it important to have kept this bit of the factory?


This part of the factory supports the lesser horseshoe bat.


It's a very important area for the lesser horseshoe bat is


the Conwy Valley, with a number of nationally important roosts.


And this was used by the bats for hibernation.


So this is an example of what they look like.


Oh, they're so cute. Oh, they're fantastic. Aren't they?


And what kind of environments does a lesser horseshoe bat like to be in?


Lesser horseshoe bats like a connected landscape with


a mosaic of habitats which includes woodlands, hedgerows, er, streams...


Do they mind surfers? They don't mind surfers at all.


And have you both had a go at surfing?


Soon? You've got to! It's right there!


A nice day today, I'm quite tempted.


'It's great to see how this unique facility has breathed new life


'into the region, transforming a heavily polluted industrial site


'into a haven for wildlife and people.'


Now, over the next few weeks, Britain will be facing arguably


as we vote on whether to stay or leave the European Union.


It's a choice that will be felt keenly in rural Britain,


'From craggy fells to meandering rivers,


'our countryside feels quintessentially British.'


Though we are involved in the decision-making process, many of


the levers of power that affect our farms and wildlife are pulled


across the Channel, and have been for more than 40 years.


'When it comes to shaping our countryside, laws drafted


'by the European Union come a close second to the laws of nature.'


So, in this week's programme and the next,


we're going to look at the key issues in the EU referendum debate.


'We'll ask the key players on both sides,


'Prime Minister David Cameron for Britain Stronger In Europe...'


Look, I love the British countryside,


I think it's one of our national treasures.


'..and from the Vote Leave campaign, Boris Johnson...'


The countryside is absolutely central to ourselves,


our sense of identity in this country.


'..why backing them promises a rosier future for rural Britain.


'to a sheep farm in his constituency of Witney in Oxfordshire.'


So you've been connected with Oxfordshire a while,


you got married here, obviously you've got your constituency...


That's right. Yeah, well, I've been MP here since 2001,


and I was brought up in West Berkshire...


'Money is key to any business, but for some British farms,


'subsidies from the EU are a vital lifeline.


'Currently, under the Common Agricultural Policy,


'or CAP, UK farmers receive nearly ?3 billion a year.'


But through CAP, the EU decides how much of Britain's farming operates,


and some believe the UK will be better off looking after


its own affairs, like Norway, where the government does decide


to subsidise its farmers, or New Zealand,


'That's what Berkshire farmer Colin Rayner thinks,


'and that's why he's voting to leave.'


It's about time we should put our sovereignty


and control of our own destiny before subsidy.


I will not omit it, it will be three or four years of pain,


they are so pleased they went through that pain


cos they're stronger, and also they're independent,


and they're brave people, and I think we can be brave.


'should a British government support our farmers?


When it comes to the Common Agricultural Policy,


currently we pay more in than we get back, so if we were on our own,


we could still support the farmers at no more cost to the public.


Well, I think what would happen if we left the EU is it would impact


our economy, our economy would be smaller,


and we'd be less able to support our health service or schools


or indeed farmers, so I think it's a bad idea to leave,


actually the National Farmers Union, the Scottish Farmers Union,


the Welsh Farmers Union all say we're better off in,


currently we put more into the CAP than we get back,


so we would have money to spend on farming even if we left the EU.


Well, I don't think our farming simply depends on, er,


Common Agricultural payments - they're important to farmers -


our farming also depends on having Europe's markets open to us,


500 million people buying our produce.


And if you leave the EU and leave the single market,


you lose automatic access to that market.


You have said, "If we leave the EU, so long as I'm Prime Minister,


I just want to get a bit more detail on that.


Does that mean there would be financial support?


We'd have to, if I was Prime Minister.


As I say, I believe in the living, working countryside,


If you ask me, "Can you tell me exactly what that will consist of?"


No, I can't. I'm saying vote to stay in,


keep the Common Agricultural Policy payments that we get now,


keep Europe's markets open, let's make sure


we keep improving the regulatory situation that we face,


It's improved a lot over our, you know, recent lifetimes,


but there's more to be done to improve it.


I would worry for our farmers if we left the EU,


because you wouldn't get automatic access to the market.


You might well have tariffs, you might have quotas


and our industry would suffer as a result.


But is that not spreading a little bit of a scare on trade?


Because they want to trade with us in farm food produce


and there's no real reason to assume that couldn't continue?


Well, I think the people who want us to leave


say they want to leave the single market, they want a trade deal.


Europe has not signed any trade deal with any country


anywhere in the world that gives full access for farming produce.


That's a fact. And you can't hide from...


I think the Leave campaigners do have a real problem here.


They don't want to stay in the single market, they've told us that,


they want a trade deal, that would be bad for Britain's farmers.


Why would European countries give us a better deal


'So, the Prime Minister believes the single market is key to our future.


'Though for many, the burden of regulation that comes with it


'But what about one contentious subject that troubles


'some in our rural heartlands? Migration.'


British farming relies heavily on migrant workers from the EU.


Some estimates say over 34,000 non-UK born workers


'the number of migrant workers has more than trebled in ten years.


'Some think, like independent councillor Angela Newton,


'that this is changing many rural communities.'


now that there's a lot more migrant workers,


you will see a lot of Polish and Lithuanian shops,


which is good, so there's diversity there.


Unfortunately, some of the migrant workers


They tend to hang about more in groups and gangs


and that makes some of our older people,


our local residents, more afraid to go out at night.


If you're living in a village or a small town


you've seen the population of your place change dramatically.


What can you say to those people if we...about what will happen


to their community if we stay in the EU?


If we choose to stay in the European Union, first of all,


the deal I've done means that people coming here from Europe to work will


not get full access to our welfare system for four years,


they have to pay in before they get out. I think that's very important.


But they're not coming for welfare, they're coming to work on our farms!


Absolutely, that's why I say the other side of it is we must


make sure that we're investing in the apprenticeships


and the training to get more British people to do these jobs.


But if we look at agriculture, you know, nine out of ten people


working in it are British and the people who do come from other


European countries to work, you know,


are making an important contribution.


But it seems to me you can't really offer any comfort


to someone who's worried about the culture of their village


having already changed and may well change more.


That's just going to be the way it is?


We support people being able to live and work in


different European countries, just as we do.


That is part of being in the single market.


the single market is not just trade in goods and services.


It's the idea that actually different people, it's the...


You can work in different countries as well.


It's part of a package and you either stay in the package,


which I think is the right thing to do, or you get out of the package,


in which case, I think you've got some real economic problems.


'So that's what the Prime Minister for the Stronger In campaign


'thinks the future holds for the British countryside.


'But what does the other side think?'


Well, later on, I'll be putting those same key thoughts


to Boris Johnson of the Vote Leave campaign.


JOHN: 'The rugged, mountainous landscape of Snowdonia


'And many come back time and time again.'


One group of visitors who return here every year


have themselves become a great attraction.


'Ospreys are fish-eating, migratory birds of prey


'Persecution and egg collecting wiped them out in the UK,


'but in the 1950s, a pair started to breed in Scotland and now,


'there are more than 200 pairs across Britain.


'Ospreys were first seen here at Glaslyn in 2004.


'There were protected by the RSPB until three years ago


'when a local volunteer group, Glaslyn Wildlife, took over.


Well, this is a great spot for ospreys, isn't it?


because we've got the estuary for them to fish in,


And what's the sort of idea behind all this?


Well, the aim originally, of course, is to protect the ospreys,


but we need to recognise that the ospreys provide a service


They bring people to the area, they educate


and they inspire people to get outside and enjoy themselves.


'A good example are these local children who are helping


'Darren Moore from Friends of the Ospreys to build a nest.


'It'll be installed, like this one, on a pole.


'A ready-made home for any of this year's young returning from Africa.'


It probably needs a bit more bedding in there, kids. Yeah.


How important do you think it is to be helping ospreys like this?


Yeah. You're helping them not dying. Yeah.


I think it's very important to help all type of birds, any nature.


Cos it's very important to us and we should do more of that, I think.


So what happens when the birds find a nest like this?


Throughout the year, they actually add more material into the nest,


and with that, there's too much weight in there.


Can it fall off the tree? Easily, yeah.


When they come back, we've actually scraped all that material out.


They come back to a pristine nest? They do, yeah.


Do they not wonder, "Well, we left it in a bit of a state,


"how's it like this?" I often think of that


and I wonder what's going through their head.


They've just got to lay their eggs and get on with life.


'There's a nest site just a couple of miles away.


'And as the Welsh Mountain Railway happens rather conveniently


'to run close by, I'm hitching a lift on one of its classic trains.'


'The first osprey to nest at Glaslyn in 2004


'Known as Mrs G, she and her partner Aran have a nest


'which is protected 24/7 by Glaslyn Wildlife volunteers.'


And you're one of the local volunteers, aren't you,


who keeps watch on the nest? Yes. How did you get involved?


Erm... Well, I've got a love of birds and nature


and just decided to drop in there and offer to volunteer.


Right, if you look straight ahead... Yeah.


..where the tall conifers are... Yeah? ..and you'll see the perch.


The female will be on it, on the eggs right now.


'A batch of hidden cameras focus on the nest


'and the pictures are carefully monitored from this caravan.


'They're also beamed back to the visitor centre.'


Wow, that is a fantastic shot, isn't it?


That's the female on the nest. And there we go, we can see the eggs.


You can see the eggs there, underneath, two of them.


Sort of white with brown speckles. And she's... What's she doing there?


She's just turning them. Turning them round? Yeah.


And if you notice as well, her talons,


that she pulls them in so that she doesn't pierce the eggs. Aw.


And has she had many chicks? Yeah, she's had 28 chicks since 2004. Wow.


Fearsome-looking birds, aren't they? Yeah.


But beautiful at the same time. Stunning.


And here comes Aran, back again. Yeah. Yeah.


Do you think he'll take over now, on the nest? Yeah.


He'll incubate the eggs while she stretches her wings,


but she seems to have a lot of trust in Aran... Certainly.


..and lets him... He gets the job. Yeah. And off she's flown now! Yeah.


What I've been seeing here is a truly local


and very successful wildlife conservation project which is


aiming to protect one of our nation's most important birds


and all of the volunteers here are determined that the ospreys,


their ospreys, will feel at home in their valley.


If you've been inspired by these volunteers,


check out the BBC's Do Something Great website and do the quiz.


You'll get personalised suggestions to help you find a volunteering


We all love to walk through picturesque landscape


but do we really appreciate all that we encounter?


Well, I've come here to Snowdonia to meet an artist whose work is


truly connected to the landscape and intended to give passers-by


an enhanced vision of the world around them.


'Anthony Garratt is a contemporary artist who's


'renowned for his large-scale outdoor installations.


'He creates these dramatic works in the landscapes where


'He's taking on his greatest challenge to date.


'Two paintings, High and Low, will be exhibited in two contrasting


Anthony, how are you doing? Hi, Joe, very well, how are you?


Good to see you. And you. This looks amazing.


And an epic backdrop as well. It is an epic backdrop, yeah.


You've got those beautiful mountains at the top


and then this aggressive quarry at the bottom. It's an exciting spot.


It's very rare to see a painting exhibited outdoors,


and it's a unique way of seeing a painting because the weather changes


each day, it has a life of its own, and it's open to everyone as well,


so there's no hiding it away in a white box


So these will be exhibited outside for how long, for weeks, for months?


So this project is called High and Low,


and it is going to be exhibited for about five months.


One on the flanks of Mount Snowdon, on a lake, and this one


is going to be hanging down in a slate cavern 500 feet underground.


So they explore the highs and the lows of Snowdonia.


And the heritage of the mining as well, so on Snowdon you've got


the old copper mine, and here you've got the slate mining industry.


I want to see you work... Yeah, get stuck in. I can get paint.


'For Anthony, it's important to use natural materials


'connected to the landscape, such as copper and slate.'


Perfect, there we go. I'd hang it up now, it looks great.


Are you OK there for a couple of hours?


Yeah, this is probably where I'm most useful, I think.


'This painting represents the Low part of the project


'and will be displayed in the belly of Llechwedd slate mine.


'It's not just Anthony working on these installations.


'He has a team of more than 20 people helping him realise


'Anthony's other painting, High, is finished and ready to put in place.


'We're carrying it to its final destination,


'floating on the lake Llyn Llydaw under the shadow of Mount Snowdon.'


This is your moving team. It is indeed.


Hello, everyone. ALL: Hi.


So how far has it got to go? Half a mile. Half a mile.


'200 years ago, miners walked this track,


'and being true to the history of the place, the team are following in


'their footsteps, transporting the painting to its new home.'


Brilliant, thanks very much, everyone. And we're down. Good job.


Anthony, carrying it around there really hits home that this is


a team effort, this isn't about a solo artist.


The painting's a small element of the whole project.


I mean, there's a couple of shipwrights, Mark and Loz,


who have been designing and building this for months.


It has taken a lot of effort from a big team, which is great.


So the final thing is to launch a massive painting


into the middle of a lake. Indeed. Just beneath the summit of Snowdon.


You don't say that very often, do you? Exactly.


I'm excited. Right. Great, let's crack on.


'are getting ready for the launch at the water's edge.'


So this frame here that's going to hold the canvas


is your construction. It is, yeah. This was quite a big challenge.


Because we had to keep it light so that it could all be carried up.


And you've seen all the carrying that's gone on. Yeah.


We're going to get all this lot set up by the water's edge... OK.


..and then get ready to do some more lifting and carrying.


Should we have a go getting it down to the lake? Yeah.


Can we get some more help? Yeah, let's do, wave some people in.


So now we need the painting. Oh, yeah.


We're going to pick it up, take it down to the framework.


And then we'll stand it up and then we'll make the rest up


when we get there. And then who knows? Who knows, indeed?


This is such a surreal view, looking out across this giant artwork


and just seeing five heads around me.


'It's taken so much effort to get to this moment,


'It's a curious sight watching this giant canvas glide


'across the lake, and after all the hard work, it's finally in place.'


So, there it is. You must be very proud. Yeah, it feels amazing.


I'm sort of fed up of looking at the painting,


so it's quite nice to have it out there. But it looks amazing.


And it shows it had to be that big. It's the biggest


freestanding canvas you've ever worked on, isn't it? Yeah.


It's huge, but it does look small. Wow.


Well done. Thank you. Good work. Thanks for your help.


I'm pleased that's worked out so well, it's beautiful.


'This is a tremendous feat for Anthony and his team.


'Throughout the coming year, these remarkable paintings will be


'at one with Snowdonia's ever-changing conditions and light,


'allowing the viewer to engage with both the art


'and the landscape which inspired it.'


TOM: 'Earlier, we heard from the Prime Minister for the


Stronger In campaign on the key issues of farming, trade and


'staying in the European Union is the best option for rural Britain.'


But what do the Vote Leave campaign think about those issues?


Well, I've been invited to Boris Johnson's family farm,


What does it mean to you, this place?


It's holy, it's holy, it's holy, it's a place...


It's just the most beautiful, wonderful place in the world.


'one of the key issues for farmers is that currently,


'under the Common Agricultural Policy,


'they receive nearly ?3 billion from the EU in subsidies


'And like many, Welsh hill farmer John Davies


'is nervous about giving that up, so he's voting to stay.'


Being in the EU means being able to sell my lamb,


being able to sell my beef without any barriers to 500 million people.


And Common Agricultural Policy and support around that,


and I'm not convinced we'd have that if we left.


'So how does Boris Johnson answer those concerns?'


will we remain, or not, a member of the single market?


Well, we would have access to the single market,


but we wouldn't remain part of the whole empire of EU lawmaking.


That's a crucial point to understand. So that means that


everything, would no longer come under the jurisdiction


of the commission and the bubble of the European Court of Justice.


So, if I'm a sheep farmer or a beef farmer, you know,


some of those export very high percentages to the EU... Yes.


..the moment I hear you saying we're going to get out


of the single market, I'm alarmed. Well, no, you shouldn't be.


The crucial thing to understand from the point of view of agriculture


is that provided we'd complied, provided, you know,


good to eat, they were fit and proper and healthy


there'd be no difficulty at all selling in to the rest of the EU,


you just wouldn't have the same burden of regulation.


So, if you think about it, 94% of UK businesses


Most of them are within the domestic market,


but 100% have to comply with EU regulations.


I know I can sell into the rest of Europe,


just like I could sell to the farm, to the town next door... Yes.


..and that is something you cannot guarantee


if we get out of the single market. Well, yes, we can, because...


Only if you obey all their regulations


that they want to bring with it. Yeah, obviously,


but if you want to export any kind of product to


a country where they have certain rules, you're obviously going to


want to make sure that that product is acceptable to that market.


What some people might say is, "Well, what if they decide


And that is not going to happen, in my view. Obviously, you know...


But it's your view, you can't guarantee it.


You've metaphorically stuck up two fingers to the rest of Europe.


No... What makes you think they're going to play nice with us?


Not two fingers, not two fingers. We love the rest of Europe. Funny


way of showing it, voting to leave. No. Well, we're not leaving Europe,


we're leaving the EU system. they send us about


?18 billion worth of food, we pay about ?18 billion


to them for their food, and we sell about ?7 billion worth


to the continental Europe. So, from their point of view, what's


not to like? It's a great deal. Can you guarantee that farmers


would get the same level of subsidy after we'd left the EU


as they do now? Well, I can make that guarantee,


but people will say, well, I'm just a backbench Tory MP.


All I can say is, I think any government would be mad


not to make such a guarantee. It's much more important to get


a guarantee and get commitments from UK government, that you can


hold to account, that you can kick out of office and you can


elect. And I'm saying that our point of view on the Leave camp is we want


to fund and support agriculture. We've said that from


day one of this campaign. But furthermore, the extra


incentive for our farmers to go for Leave is getting


rid of that burden. It's the form filling, it's being


told that you've got to go back and do something again


or you won't qualify. It's being told that


if your sheep's got two teeth, it's got to be butchered


in a certain way, or that, you know, you can't bury


your own sheep on your own farm. 'So if we vote Leave, the claim is


we can look after our own affairs.' Our rural economy relies heavily


on workers from other EU countries, and flexible workforce is vital


to their business. That's certainly true for


Yorkshire farmer Guy Poskitt, He employs 300 staff,


70% of whom are migrant workers. We rely very,


very heavily on migrant labour. What that's brought


to our business is we've been able to attract customers because we've


then had a workforce that would If we come out, I don't get


the access to labour, I've had it, because, sadly, I cannot find


enough local labour to meet A number of farms in the UK


are dependent on migrant labour, Yeah. Well, obviously, people who


exist, who are here already under the Vienna treaty, they would have a


right to be here and to work. All we're saying is in taking back


control of immigration, we are saying to people, "If you want to


come and work here "and contribute to the agricultural


sector, fantastic. "there's got to be some sense


in which we know that you're not "just arriving without any


qualifications or any job." Basically, workers can come here


if there is a job for them. There could continue to be


an increasing number of people from the rest of the continent of


Europe in Britain, even if we leave. Because there's plenty of demand


for the labour. I think it would be up to the


government of the day, and if the rural industry was


saying, "Look, come on, "we're desperate, we can't get


the crops out of the field," then of course that's an argument


that people will listen to. But the great thing is, that will


have gone through a democratic process of consent


from the British people. 'So we've heard from both


sides on issues that will impact 'the future of


the British countryside.' But that's not


the end of the debate. Next week, we'll look at two more


issues of huge importance that So, what do the Prime Minister


and Boris Johnson think about the future of our fisheries


and environment? 'I'm in the Conwy Valley, on the


edge of the Snowdonia National Park, 'and I'm about to try the latest way


to enjoy the great outdoors. 'Jo Dennison is head


coach at Surf Snowdonia, 'the perfect person to help me


catch a wave.' THEY LAUGH


That's why I'm here. All right, are you going to teach


me? I am, yes. I'm very nervous. We're going to go through a few


things before we get in the water. I'll tell you everything


you need to know. Then we can catch a few waves.


And I know I'm in safe hands. Come on, give me your credentials,


don't be modest. Four times Welsh champion and


former British champion. Good girl. That's what we like to hear. And how


many years have you been surfing? I've been surfing


for about 12 years now. I mean, you've probably surfed


all around the world. How does this compare? This is such


a great training facility. You can catch so many waves here,


it's brilliant for practising. 'I've never done this before,


but I'm always up for a challenge. You'll probably see a wave


coming towards you. When it gets another board's


length away, So, look forwards, nice, long,


strong paddles, like that. And from here, I'm just


going to take two steps. OK. OK, so just try it.


That's not going to work! Do I look like I know


what I'm doing? Oh, it's so much fun doing


it in this incredible surroundings. But Adam is not faring much better


down on his farm. Right, surf's up. The days are getting longer


and the weather's getting warmer. We're still getting


a few of these spring showers, but that's a good thing because


warm, wet weather means the crops are growing really well,


and there's plenty of grass. That's good for the cows


that are producing milk to feed their calves,


and also good for the sheep. That's one of the jobs I've


got to do now. Get the flock in to find out how much weight


those lambs are putting on. 'It seems only a short time ago


that we were putting these lambs 'out to grass.


But, 12 weeks down the line, 'and we're already looking to


send some to market. 'My sheepdog, Peg,


has had most of the winter off, 'but she's now keen to get


reacquainted with the flock.' As soon as we put the rams


in with the ewes in the autumn, we have to be really


careful with the ewes because they're conceiving lambs,


and if we chase them around with the dog, they could


reabsorb those lambs or abort them. So the dogs get most of the winter


and early spring off, and they're running around after


their mothers and there's plenty of sheep jobs to be done, we're


getting the dogs back into action. And Peg here is going well,


although she's a little bit rusty. One of the difficulties of


working a flock like this with is that the lambs don't really


know what a dog is, and the ewes are incredibly


protective of their lambs so they'll often face the sheepdog


and try and chase them away There's quite a strong ewe here


that's stamping her foot and facing up to her.


A very good mother. But I want her to move on...


Come-bye. Steady. ..without there being


any aggression from the dog. And the lambs have got to learn what


being herded by a dog is all about. It's part of their natural instinct,


because deep down, at one time, wild sheep would have been


chased by wolves, but they're a bit chaotic,


they're like crazy teenagers 'but it's always tricky getting


the flock into the handling pens. 'Luckily, my stock hand,


Ellen, and her dog, Tweed, And then we'll get to work


on these lambs. 'The first job is to separate


the lambs from the ewes. 'It's a noisy business as


the lambs don't like being 'But it'll speed things up


when we start to weigh them.' These lambs are now 12 to 14 weeks


old, and all this lovely wet, warm weather is meaning the grass


is growing really well. And the lambs are grazing


on the grass, but they're also drinking


their mother's milk. so they're getting


all of their mother's milk. So a big lamb like that is doing


really well and growing very fast. That one, Ellen, how heavy's that?


45. 45 kilos,


so he's ready to go to market. The smaller ones,


like this lamb here, having to share their mother's


milk, because that's a twin, so it will be growing


slightly slower. 'Being able to monitor the growth


of each lamb means I can select 'the best animals to then breed


from and better manage my flock.' Each lamb has a tag in its ear and


in that tag is an electronic chip, and as it goes into the weigh


scales, there's a reader on the side and the


information about that lamb So when Ellen looks at it,


she can tell when the lamb was born and how many grams of meat


that lamb has been putting on every day, and therefore


how quickly it's growing. And we're selecting lambs to


breed from in the future that have these growth rates, as well


as all the maternal instincts and all those sorts of things


as well. So we can use this electronic book-keeping system to


improve the genetics of our flock. 'Selective breeding is something


we also do with our rare breeds. 'This is Commander,


a-year-old Gloucester bull But before I do that, he needs


to be inspected by a vet to make sure he's healthy, and then


all his papers have to go to the society, with some


photographs of him and his mum to make sure they think he's good


enough to go as a breeding bull. The vet will be checking Commander


over to make sure he's healthy. He'll be looking at his teeth,


his eyes, hearing his lungs and his heart, as well as checking


his markings to make sure he looks correct as a Gloucester.


And then the photographs and all that information


from the vet will be sent off to the Gloucester Cattle Society.


And fingers crossed, he'll pass. These white bits are a bit tricky


to get whiter than white, particularly seeing as


this is the dirty end. And that's good. So that's one


from each side, one from the back. Just got to take one from the front.


And I'll print those off... COMMANDER MOOS


..and send them to the society. I know, you look lovely,


don't you, mate? I think he's quite photogenic,


really. 'Photogenic he may be, but it's


the vet's tests that really matter.' 'There's been a lot of time


and effort gone into rearing 'but if he doesn't meet the


requirements of the breed society, 'rather than being sold


for breeding, 'he'll have to go for beef,


which will be a real shame.' So what's your overview


on the assessment of Commander? Yeah, so, all good. The checklist


is fine, so he's passed. So just a case of a DNA sample now.


Wonderful. So a DNA sample is just a case


of pulling out a few hairs from his tail and


sending them off to be tested. 'Fingers crossed, Commander


will be confirmed as a genuine 'I'm in Snowdonia


and the village of Llanberis. 'Its fortunes have been linked


with Snowdon ever 'since the mountain railway


opened 120 years ago. 'People come from all


over the world to ride, But one day, every year,


they come here to run. 'The Snowdon International Race


brings more than 700 runners 'and supporters to Llanberis


every July.' RACE ANNOUNCER: There's a popular


third place. 'Ben Mounsey finished third


last year 'and is one of the favourites


for this year's race. 'Today, I'm going to race him


to the top of Snowdon.' Normally, you run up to the top


and then back down again, don't you? But this morning, we're just


going to the summit. That's right. and you're going to be


climbing over 3,000 ft. Oh! How long does that normally


take you, then? Well, let's make it interesting.


I'll give you 50 minutes today. How does that sound?


I'm not quite sure about that. But we'll give it a go. Shall we?


Let's go. Right. 'You didn't really think I was going


to run up there, did you?' There's a train here that


goes to the top. 'I'm catching a ride with Wyddfa,


which is Welsh for Snowdon. 'She is one of the original


1896 steam locos. 'And I have good


company on the journey. '40 years ago, it was


Ken Jones who had that 'idea of racing from Llanberis


to the summit and back. First thing I did, really, was to


get in touch with the local carnival committee, and thought


they would like to have a race in front of the


carnival procession. Of course, the runner was up


and down in one hour and 12 minutes, by the time it took the carnival


procession to go round the village. And how many people took


part in that first race, then? And quite a lot of the local


lads took part. So with 80 odd runners taking part,


it was a big hit, wasn't it? Yes. Yes, it soon dawned on us the


following day, really, that people were already asking,


"Are you going to put "it on next year?" And that's what


happened. 'And here is Ken the very next year,


1977, 'with the race already attracting


television cameras and large crowds. 'There are no crowds for Ben today,


though. 'He's aiming to hit


the summit in around 50 minutes. 'But the course


record for the race up 'and down was set by Kenny Stuart


in 1985, 62:29 there and back from the


village of Llanberis. Goodness me. I mean, I've walked down this


mountain before now You went up


and down in just over an hour. I was racing against some


top international runners, including Italians.


So they pushed me on to that time. And when you got to the finishing


line, what was the feeling? I mean, were you exhausted?


No, I was pretty good, actually. but a winner always feels very good


when he finishes. 'Ben's not going to be troubling


Kenny's record today 'but he has got


a bit of a lead over us. 'Stephen Edwards has been organising


the Snowdon Race since 2009. 'Under his stewardship,


it's grown in importance.' I imagine that this race must be of


huge benefit to the local community. All the people who come here,


the people who come to watch, It's a huge social day, in a way,


for the people of the area. the community...the area around


Llanberis. Many people organise their summer


holidays around the Snowdon Race. A good money-earner for a lot


of people. It is. The cakes have been baked locally,


the marshals, the hotels are full. And it's usually,


now, around between ?200,000 and ?250,000 impact


to the area. So Ken's little idea, originally,


has turned into something quite big. It's quite big, really, but what's


nice - it looks a professional, commercial event but it's still been


organised by the community 'As we approach the summit,


we can see Ben just ahead. 'It's man versus train


and man looks like winning. 'And, for his efforts,


Ben gets to meet his hero, Kenny, 'whose long-standing record


he'd love to beat.' Sorry to leave you on your own


but I had a train ticket, you know. Was it a tough run? It was a tough


run. It was a good race. Well, you beat us.


Thank you very much. And can I introduce you to Kenny?


Hi. Who has the course record of,


what was it again? So that's what you've got to try


and beat this year. Big ask! 'it doesn't really matter


how you get to the top 'if you're lucky enough to


have views like this.' Well, the weather really couldn't


have been better for us on top of Mount Snowdon today.


It's absolutely glorious. But what's it going to be like right


across the UK in the week ahead? Good evening. It has been a largely


fine day across many parts of the country with low cloud for eastern


areas that was stubborn to break up, but for many of us it did, leaving


spells of sunshine such as this, as you can see here in County Durham.


The start of the week, a lot of fine, dry weather on the cards but


things turning unsettled late in the week. Certainly some rain on the


cards at times. The warmest weather and brightest weather will be


generally further west. Over the next 24 hours, we have high pressure


sitting out to the north-west of the UK and a slow-moving area of low


pressure towards the near continent, so the squeeze in the isobars means


some fairly breezy weather on the cards through back on the day Monday


across eastern parts in particular. -- three bank holiday. Things in


eastern Scotland starting cloudy with some sunshine breaking through


by the afternoon. But the lion's share of the sunshine is across


Wales, the south-west of England, where we are likely to see 20 or 21,


20 2 degrees. Cooler conditions across eastern and south-eastern


England. Especially over the more exposed coasts. A sunny, maybe dry


afternoon over Northern Ireland with the chance of an isolated shower and


a few showers for Scotland but not as heavy or frequent as those we had


today. As we enter tomorrow, most places staying dry though we still


have that wind for eastern areas and the cloud in the East gradually


drifting westwards as we head into the early hours of Tuesday, bringing


some outbreaks of rain, particularly heavy at times across East Anglia


and down towards the south-east. Tuesday will be influenced by this


area of low pressure sitting across northern France and the low


countries and that will be throwing weather fronts our way, coming in


from East, so some uncertainty how things will progress. Some fairly


heavy rain for eastern parts of England associated with that frontal


system, whereas further north and west, plenty of sunshine.


Temperatures in Glasgow at 20 or so and under the cloud, more like 14 in


Norwich. Some real contrast as we head into Wednesday. This area of


low pressure drifting northwards on Wednesday, as well as westwards, and


some uncertainty in the detail but likely to see spells of rain across


northern England, Wales and possibly down to the south-west. A few


showers south of that with the driest and brightest weather further


north, and that is down to this big area of high pressure dominating our


weather as we had to the end of the week. This frontal system still


hanging around on Thursday. It is likely to produce spots of rain and


cloud across southern areas. Further north, more sunshine, but across the


board, we see those temperatures dipping down compared to recent


days. And that is how we end the week. Into Friday, we still have


that high pressure to the north and with the winds circulating in a


clockwise direction, we will be drawing in the breeze from a north


or north-easterly direction. So fairly cool in the North. Looks like


we start and end the week on 'We've been exploring


the awe-inspiring 'landscapes of Snowdonia


in north Wales. 'the challenges of fell-running


on Mount Snowdon, 'I've been taking on


my own watery challenge.' 'I've definitely caught


the surfing bug. 'It's something all of us should be


able to experience. 'Here at Surf Snowdonia,


disability experts 'and surf enthusiasts Ben Clifford


and Ross Head have come to 'test a surfboard they've designed


for people with reduced mobility.' Hi, guys, how are you doing?


Hi there. Wow. Tell me about this.


What is this, Ross? This is a surfboard


that's been developed specifically for use


by disabled people. So whose idea was it? Ben came up


with the idea or the need for one. and we're a surfing


school for disabled people and we're working with a boy


regularly who didn't feel comfortable led down holding on


to the handles. So we tried sitting him on the board


and holding him but, again, he didn't feel comfortable,


so we looked at a bath seat and we were strapping that to the board


and that was an instant change. 'With the help of Ross


and a surfboard designer, 'Ben's home-made prototype was


transformed into a tandem surfboard, 'complete with


its own special chair.' It looks like a Grand Prix F1 seat,


doesn't it? It is, it is exactly that.


It's the seat out of a sports car. A racing go-kart.


But it doesn't have any straps. No, so...if we wipe out,


we want the participant to fall away from the board and then


we'll have catchers in the water. So we will have people to


support the participant So whoever you are,


wiping out is part of surfing. And who's going to be


testing it today? So we've got Tina with us today,


who's really keen really keen to have a go and


catch some waves here. Fantastic,


I can't wait to see it in action. 'Whilst the team practise


with their special surfboard... '..I'm going to meet self-confessed


adrenaline junkie Tina.' It looks awesome.


It does, doesn't it? Yeah. Does it make you want


to get out there? So how do you feel about getting


on this specially designed surfboard today?


Have you used it before? I've used it once before but, before


that time, what we used to use was a big, like, surfboard,


and I used to lie down on my belly. And after a while, it would


get tiring on my arms and my back. So with this new board,


it's quite awesome because I could ride


the waves all day. I think that the guy surfing


on the back is more tired than me. At 16, Tina was diagnosed


with a degenerative condition It affects her coordination


and movement. By the time she was 21,


she had to make a big decision. I went to university


and I was still walking wobbly and holding on to friends


and things. And then after university,


I thought, "Right, I'm going


to give in to the chair." "Right, I'm going to have to use


a wheelchair." But, actually,


once I started using the chair, I noticed it made me


less disabled than disabled. Because I felt I could do whatever


I wanted to do now without getting tired and things,


walking around. I was free. And free to do what,


exactly, Tina? Erm...I've been skydiving,


that was the first thing that I did. And I got my own kayak.


I've been abseiling. I just enjoy whatever's


possible for me to do. My motto in life is - I don't need


easy, I just need possible. So how do you feel about getting


on this man-made surf lagoon? 'The tandem surfboard has


worked perfectly 'and it looks like Tina has enjoyed


surfing here as much as I have. 'to this beautiful part


of the country.' Well, that looked like real fun.


John, it was exhilarating. I can highly recommend it.


You got on one knee as well. I did. Maybe if I practise a little bit


harder I can get on two. I think you got the easy option


getting the train. I did,


but I did jog to the station. Next week, Matt and I will be in


Montrose. Not Malibu, then? No, we're building up to Malibu.


Until then, bye-bye.


Countryfile is in Snowdonia. John Craven races a hill runner to the summit of Snowdon and meets the volunteers protecting the area's ospreys. Anita Rani dons her wetsuit to discover that you don't need to be near the sea to go surfing. Joe Crowley meets the artist whose work is taking centre stage in this landscape. And it's all going down on Adam Henson's farm as spring takes hold. The EU referendum is arguably the biggest decision facing our countryside for decades; Tom Heap meets up with the leading figures from both sides of the argument and asks the prime minister and Boris Johnson why rural Britain should vote with them.

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