Mon, 15 May 2017 Ffermio


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Mon, 15 May 2017

Cyfres gylchgrawn am faterion cefn gwlad. Countryside and farming magazine.


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-Trees are a natural part

-of the countryside.

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-For some farmers,

-they are a way of generating income.

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-That's precisely

-what's happened at this farm.

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-How? Find out later.

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-Also tonight, with a continued need

-to improve efficiency...

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-..Alun visits a farm which has

-adapted over the past decade.

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-We'll also find out

-why Christianne Glossop...

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-..has decided to walk across Wales

-from Anchor to Aberystwyth.

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-A month ago,

-I visited a farm in Porthmadog...

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-..where dogs

-had been attacking sheep.

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-Since then, we've heard

-of numerous other cases.

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-Meinir has more on the story.

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-Charles Lamb from Dolwen Farm

-near Fishguard...

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-..is one farmer who's been affected.

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-This is where it all happened?

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-I was sat in the house,

-at the kitchen table.

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-I saw the sheep passing by heading

-up to the top of the field.

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-I couldn't see the dogs

-but I heard them down in the valley.

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-I ran down and that's where they

-were pulling some lambs apart.

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-It must have been

-a frightening sight.

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-It played on my mind

-for a while afterwards...

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-..seeing an animal

-killed in front of me.

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-I was very angry to see

-something like that happening.

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-You recognised the dogs.

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-Afterwards, I discovered that

-the dogs had come from next door.

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-What happened then?

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-It was a long process

-involving the police.

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-She instructed a solicitor

-to fight her case.

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-The police were on my side

-and it continued for six months.

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-As long as that?

-What was the outcome?

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-There's a restraining order

-on the dogs.

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-If the dogs are seen

-outside the farm boundaries...

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-..she'll be summoned to court.

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-I was also awarded compensation

-of 500.

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-Almost 20 miles west,

-on Maesyfelin Farm, Llanglydwen...

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-..Paul and Eirlys Williams have also

-suffered as a result of dog attacks.

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-I came home lunchtime

-after visiting another farm.

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-I checked the sheep because

-we were in the middle of lambing.

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-I noticed one dead lamb

-in the field.

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-Then another and another.

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-I looked across the field and

-I could see two dogs running around.

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-I chased them but they were faster

-than me and I lost sight of them.

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-I drove off to search for the owner,

-he was searching for the dogs...

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-..so I was fortunate enough

-to find him.

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-He came back with me to see

-the damage the dogs had done.

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-We walked around the field

-and found 27 lambs...

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-..and three sheep dead.

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-Every farmer has a thick skin

-but that was hard to take.

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-How much of an impact

-did it have on you as a family?

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-It wasn't nice to see.

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-Paul went out

-to collect the dead animals.

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-I didn't see all that.

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-To see the lambs in one pile

-wasn't nice at all.

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-I was in tears.

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-Thinking back to all the work

-that had gone into everything...

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-..it wasn't nice at all.

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-Often,

-dog attacks on cattle happen...

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-..when walkers

-let their dogs off the lead.

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-One man who often walks in the

-countryside is Arwel Michael...

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-..from the Edward Llwyd Society.

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-As a society...

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-..do you allow dogs

-to join your walks?

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-No, only guide dogs

-for the blind and partially sighted.

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-No other dogs are allowed to walk

-with members of Edward Llwyd.

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-Why have you taken that decision?

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-Why have you taken that decision?

-

-It's an inconvenience.

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-You have to pick up dog mess when

-you should concentrate on the walk.

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-You shouldn't be concentrating

-on what your dog is doing...

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-..and you don't want them

-damaging the land.

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-It is your responsibility

-to make sure your dog is safe.

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-You have to give the dog

-your full focus...

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-..when you're surrounded

-by sheep, cattle and other animals.

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-Do you see examples

-of irresponsible dog walkers...

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-..on your walks?

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-All the time

-but they are in a minority.

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-You see sheep running by

-and then some dogs chasing them.

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-The individual can get into trouble

-if they leave their dogs loose.

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-Cattle can turn on dogs

-and injure them.

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-It's a danger to them.

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-There are many repercussions for

-walking dogs in the countryside.

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-There are almost 600,000 dogs

-in Wales.

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-With an increase in dog attacks

-on livestock...

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-..is there enough advice available

-to dog owners?

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-Someone who deals with rural crimes

-for Dyfed Powys Police...

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-..is Acting Inspector

-Matthew Howells.

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-We have around 12-20 calls

-every month.

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-That can vary from sheep just

-being chased with no injuries...

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-..to around 4-6

-being injured or killed.

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-What's your advice to anyone

-seeing dogs killing sheep?

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-First, try and call the dog or dogs

-away from the sheep.

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-Report it to the police...

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-..and if the dog owner is present...

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-..allow the owner to recall the dog

-and put it on a lead.

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-If the owner isn't present

-and you can't recall the dog...

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-..the farmer has a right

-to shoot the dog.

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-They must report it to the police

-within 48 hours.

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-Have you learnt any lessons

-as a result of this?

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-Yes, to stand firm.

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-I went through the proper procedures

-with the police.

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-My neighbour has had to install

-a high fence...

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-..and she has to keep them

-under control on her own farm.

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-We work so hard during lambing.

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-There are enough problems

-with lambing as it is...

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-..without having to face

-something like this.

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-It's the worst experience I've had.

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-In 2014, Ffermio visited Huw Owen

-at Garthmyn Isaf near Llanrwst.

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-At the time, he had sheep

-and a new biomass system here.

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-Since then,

-there have been many changes.

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-The sheep

-have been replaced with trees.

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-Today, Farming Connect

-have organised an open day...

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-..to show the developments

-on the farm...

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-..including three new burners

-and a plantation of 900 trees.

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-We've moved on.

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-We've spent a lot.

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-Recently, we installed CHP -

-combined heat and power.

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-That's taken up a lot of work

-in the business...

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-..but in terms

-of the biomass business...

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-..which we started a while ago...

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-..it all happened so quickly...

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-..and there was such a demand

-for woodchip...

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-..and a quality of woodchip

-that we could sell...

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-..it helped the business develop

-to where it is today.

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-When we started, we didn't have

-any customers wanting woodchip.

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-We had an open day

-over three years ago.

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-From that day,

-we now have 60 customers.

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-You dry the woodchips and

-you're supplying the National Grid.

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-It's a win-win situation.

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-Yes. We have the Mus-Max chipper.

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-We can provide a good quality chip

-to run the system...

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-..and the system

-is quite technical to run...

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-..but when it works,

-it's very effective.

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-We have a lot of heat

-to dry the woodchip...

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-..down to 10%.

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-During that process,

-we generate the electricity to sell.

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-When we completed the research...

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-..someone visited the farm...

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-..to determine

-the traceability of the wood...

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-..to make sure we were heading

-in the right direction.

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-He said that 90% of what he saw

-around here was trees.

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-He said we were in a good position

-to get trees...

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-..either through

-Natural Resources Wales...

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-..or from farms

-that had woodlands on their farms.

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-By doing that, we've added value

-to the wood we've been given.

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-There is a plentiful local supply...

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-..and we can employ

-a lot of local workers.

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-How much money have you invested?

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-How much money have you invested?

-

-It's getting close to 2m.

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-Are you sweating?

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-Are you sweating?

-

-There's no point.

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-Whoever installs

-these heating systems...

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-..the Government will give them

-a payment for the next 20 years.

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-That's one of the things

-we researched.

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-As long as we supply the correct

-fuel to them, the woodchip...

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-..we have a customer for 20 years.

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-We're looking at the business

-in terms of Carwyn.

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-He's 18 years old. He has a future.

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-This is quite unique - very few

-people do this in North Wales.

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-Geraint Jones from Farming Connect

-organised today's event.

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-Today's event shows how Huw Owen

-has developed the business.

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-It's grown to where it is today...

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-..with all the processes that have

-happened in light of that...

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-..in terms of buying the wood,

-processing it...

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-..and selling the wood at the end.

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-Huw has diversified

-into the fuel and energy industry...

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-..with his power and energy units.

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-We're looking at what comes in

-locally in terms of fuel.

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-We can use local wood

-which helps the local economy.

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-It improves the business

-in terms of its own economy.

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-It's important to look ahead

-and plan ahead.

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-These are areas Farming Connect

-are investigating...

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-..by giving businesses

-the correct advice...

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-..and getting suitable people in

-to give the correct advice...

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-..to allow the business

-to survive and grow.

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-It's been very exciting watching Huw

-develop over the past few years...

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-..and seeing where he'll go

-in the future.

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-After a day of listening and seeing,

-what are people's impressions?

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-We learnt that you can do something

-else apart from farming the land.

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-You can sell wood

-and do other things with it.

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-It's been a real eye opener

-seeing something new...

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-..and farm diversification.

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-It's been well worth seeing.

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-He's spent his money very wisely.

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-I hope he's very successful.

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-That's all for now.

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-Join us after the break...

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-..when Alun joins a different breed

-of cattle in Ponterwyd.

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-See you soon.

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-.

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-Traditionally, the Welsh Black

-is seen grazing on Welsh uplands.

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-In the mountains around Ponterwyd

-near Aberystwyth...

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-..Alun's discovered

-a different breed of cattle.

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-Almost ten years ago,

-I visited Lle'r-neuaddau Farm...

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-..to see an unique experiment.

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-Crossing a Scottish Highland cow

-with a Shorthorn...

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-..to create a hardy animal...

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-..which can turn poor moorland

-into good quality meat.

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-Has the experiment succeeded?

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-Christopher Evans

-is the 1,500-acre farm's tenant.

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-Day by day, Rheinallt Jones

-is the manager of the holding.

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-When I last visited the farm,

-your father managed the herd.

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-It was a new venture, an experiment.

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-Have things turned out

-as you expected?

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-Back, many years ago, Christopher

-Evans kept a herd of Welsh Blacks.

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-We wanted a breed that could live

-out here in the winter...

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-..so we chose the Highland cattle.

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-It was a gamble right at the outset.

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-Of course. No-one had kept them

-in this area before.

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-If we'd taken them to Dolgellau

-mart, no-one would have wanted them!

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-They've worked out well for us.

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-How are they different,

-or better, than other breeds?

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-The emphasis for us

-was finding an animal...

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-..that could live here

-during the winter without silage...

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-..by grazing on the moorland,

-the rubbish on this pasture!

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-By doing so, they provided

-better pasture for the sheep.

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-It's a very special breed.

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-What do you do in terms of selling?

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-From what I've seen, the females are

-good animals to sell for breeding.

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-What about the males?

-Where's your target?

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-We're very lucky

-with the British Shorthorn.

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-Morrisons are heavily promoting the

-breed and there's a market for them.

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-We're carrying on breeding them,

-we receive a fair price per kilo.

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-We manage to produce male calves

-weighing 400kgs within 12 months.

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-On the whole,

-the cattle are a quiet breed.

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-I don't regard them

-as wild cattle...

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-..unless they've just

-produced a calf.

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-They're very maternal

-for about a week.

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-That maternal instinct

-is very important.

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-Since joining the Glastir scheme

-three years ago...

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-..the farm's stocking levels

-have fallen by 45%...

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-..to conform with the

-scheme's strict grazing conditions.

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-How have these changes

-affected the cattle?

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-Why are these cattle so suitable

-to the Glastir scheme?

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-It started when we joined the

-Tir Gofal scheme about 10 years ago.

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-Once we started grazing this land,

-the curlew returned.

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-It had become very rare

-in this area.

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-We returned to organic farming

-after keeping cattle...

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-..and the curlew numbers

-started to fall.

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-Once we started keeping cattle here

-again, the curlew returned.

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-That's what we're doing

-with the Glastir scheme...

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-..especially in this area.

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-We topped up about a quarter

-of that field...

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-..and they believe that helps

-the curlew return stronger.

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-There's a variety - green patches,

-patches with strong growth...

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-..and patches where the cattle's

-hoof prints are visible.

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-That helps with the drainage.

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-You'll also notice that around the

-cowpats, the grass is even greener.

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-Sheep and insects

-are attracted to those areas.

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-The sheep enjoy grazing

-where cattle have been.

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-When we look into the distance...

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-..we can only see one colour

-in some areas.

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-It's molinia grass.

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-That happens

-when no grazing takes place.

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-No cattle or sheep graze

-on that land right now.

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-Over the years,

-the molinia grows higher...

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-..until you can't walk through it.

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-That's very significant.

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-People who enjoy this landscape

-won't be able to enjoy it.

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-You can see the summit of Pumlumon

-in front of us.

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-Walkers trying to reach the top

-can't walk through this landscape.

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-This is what attracts them

-to this area.

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-Something has to be done about it

-right now.

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-As a result of Glastir's conditions

-to reduce stock numbers...

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-..Christopher Evans established

-a pedigree Shorthorn herd.

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-We have eight pure-bred cows.

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-Christopher has joined the society.

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-He likes the breed

-and the people who keep them.

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-That's why he chose them.

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-We keep the bull

-to cross with the Highlands.

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-They all fit in together.

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-It's a huge bull.

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-I think the world of it. It'll be

-sold at Stoneleigh on Saturday.

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-I'll miss it when it goes.

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-I don't think we'll see one

-like it for years.

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-You could breed one yourself.

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-We've kept one from it this year.

-It's about eight months old.

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-In terms of efficiency...

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-..I take it

-you can maximise your income.

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-They're cheap to keep

-but they can command good prices.

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-They don't go without when they're

-in the shed during the winter.

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-They are pushed well but they've

-done the hard work over the summer.

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-They achieve a certain quality.

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-On the pasture,

-they become good animals.

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-We just try and improve that

-and push them.

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-That's what the market demands.

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-There's no point just selling

-anything - quality is crucial.

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-That works for us

-with the Highland Shorthorn cross.

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-Over the past two years,

-detailed records have been kept...

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-..about the herd's efficiency which

-is now pivotal to the business.

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-I do like to keep the figures

-because I'm not here all the time.

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-It's a measurement system, really.

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-I like to see what weight they

-put on over a six-month period.

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-You can monitor them that way.

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-Rheinallt will monitor them

-by looking at them!

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-He's here all the time

-but that's the way I like to do it.

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-How important is Rheinallt in

-the process of making this job work?

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-Before Rheinallt was his father.

-He was here for 20 years.

0:20:280:20:32

-Without those two, we wouldn't have

-the success that we've got.

0:20:320:20:36

-A good staff, a good shepherd is

-important - you can't do without it.

0:20:360:20:42

-They understand the animals and

-get the best out of the animals.

0:20:420:20:47

-This was an experiment 10 years ago.

-The experiment has worked.

0:20:490:20:53

-I think it's worked.

0:20:530:20:55

-On a hill farm like this, animals

-need rough grassland to graze.

0:20:550:21:01

-On land such as this,

-the Highland breed is well suited.

0:21:010:21:06

-Of course, if you're not here,

-the cattle aren't here.

0:21:090:21:13

-The Government needs to find a way

-to keep us on these mountains.

0:21:130:21:18

-Whatever schemes exist after Brexit,

-whatever comes...

0:21:180:21:23

-..there must be a future

-on the mountains.

0:21:230:21:28

-Finally, Wales' chief veterinary

-officer, Christianne Glossop...

0:21:310:21:36

-..recently walked with some

-of her friends and colleagues...

0:21:360:21:41

-..on a special journey.

0:21:410:21:43

-The British Cattle

-Veterinary Association...

0:21:470:21:49

-..is celebrating 50 years this year.

0:21:490:21:52

-There is a huge fundraising effort

-going on for the charity Send A Cow.

0:21:520:21:57

-We wanted to think

-of what we could do here in Wales...

0:21:570:22:00

-..that was special and unique

-and would bring everyone together.

0:22:000:22:05

-We decided to walk across the

-country from Anchor to Aberystwyth.

0:22:050:22:10

-We've been walking for two days,

-each day around 25 miles or so.

0:22:100:22:17

-The money that we're raising is

-going to produce a herd of cattle...

0:22:170:22:22

-..for Africa.

0:22:220:22:24

-We've had a great day.

0:22:240:22:26

-We walked from the Severn river

-across the Cambrian mountains.

0:22:260:22:32

-We started at 7.00am.

0:22:320:22:36

-We had poor weather

-until we reached Pumlumon.

0:22:360:22:39

-We walked down

-to Nant-y-Moch reservoir.

0:22:410:22:45

-We had a wonderful walk

-past Craig-y-Pistyll.

0:22:460:22:50

-I just felt that as we started

-in England...

0:22:540:22:56

-..we needed to show

-we'd really crossed Wales.

0:22:570:22:59

-I don't know where the edge is

-but it's got to be out there.

0:23:000:23:04

-To stop at the water's edge

-wasn't completing the job!

0:23:040:23:07

-We made it. What a winning team.

0:23:110:23:14

-The most amazing people

-and I'm in tears.

0:23:140:23:17

-We did it. We've walked across

-the beautiful country of Wales.

0:23:170:23:21

-A great effort

-by Christianne Glossop and the gang.

0:23:250:23:29

-That's all for this week.

-Until next time, cheerio.

0:23:290:23:33

-S4C Subtitles by Adnod Cyf.

0:23:500:23:52

-.

0:23:520:23:52

Cyfres gylchgrawn am faterion cefn gwlad. Countryside and farming magazine.