Episode 17 Landward

Episode 17

Dougie Vipond meets the team giving eels a helping hand after their arduous migration, while Sarah Mack looks at the latest research into Scotland's tick population.

Similar Content

Browse content similar to Episode 17. Check below for episodes and series from the same categories and more!



Hello and a warm welcome at two Landward. I will be meeting those


who need a helping hand on a journey to live. Also: we arrive on


Eigg. Big chunks of sunshine and the mainland is horrible.


latest research into a growing countryside problem. Stop. Turn the


blanket over. And we meet the master blender of whisky with a


nose ensued �4 million. Now, we want to finish off with structure


and that arrogance you have in the The European eel has one of the


most fascinating lifestyles of any freshwater fish. They migrate


thousands of miles and their offspring return to Scotland. The


little eels can find big obstacles in their way. When it comes to


great swimmers, forget the great white shark. Forget the Atlantic


salmon. You can even forgets Olympic hopeful Hannah Miley. If


you want efficient swimmers, what about the European eel, it can swim


4,500 miles burning up 2000 calories. That is less than I eat


in a day. And I am not greedy. The eels make their once-in-a-lifetime


swim back to their spawning ground in the sea. After spawning, the


eels die off and their rates drift backwards towards Europe and the


Gulf Stream, transforming into transparent glass eels on the way.


When they enter freshwater, they change colour and become elvers.


Later, they mature into eels. Since the 70s, eel numbers have dropped


dramatically. By about 90%. The reason for the decline is complex


but overfishing, pollution, climate change and obstacles on the return


journey play a part. Imagine you are a little Elva, you have fought


through wild currents, swum across thousands of miles of ocean and


battled away up streams and rivers, you are weary but close to your


That is it, your journey is over. This is Tongland damn. Since it was


built, no eels have made it past this. It has a fish ladder but eels


are not able to use it. So, Galloway Fisheries Trust are


trapping the elvers and relocating them upstream. The young elvers


cannot get up, and whilst it is good for salmon to get past, their


strong swimmers. The eels have come in at seven metres long. We are


checking the traps. The eels are attracted to the water, they make


their way up and drop into the container. It is a very simple trap.


This bag. They do not mind being out of water. Look at them. There


is about 50. What to do with him? We transport them up a stream. We


put them in small areas. Eventually, they come back down. We will be


setting them free surely but why is it important they get upstream?


Well, these elvers are destined to go to war with an alien species.


people know, we have the largest crayfish population in Scotland


around Loch Ken. One of the key things we have found in Dumfries


and Galloway is the eels are a key predator of the very young fish.


There is a huge problem in the river of rapidly expanding crayfish


population. It is not a silver bullets but we hope the eel


population when it is established will help to control the crayfish.


The signal crayfish damage riverbanks by borrowing and they


eat and displace native Scottish species. So, the elvers have an


important war to wage. Why have you chosen this bird? We chose this


because it is clear water, no pollution, lots of different sizes


of stones. A range of eels so they want to bury underneath all buried


behind. There is Cup on the Bankside and a bridge where it is


They are so small, it is incredible Let's hope they are successful.


Whisky is Scotland's number one export. The value of sales abroad


is growing by a quarter in the first six months of this year. Nick


will be meeting some of the people who make the industry tick. This


week, drinking with a man who has a million pound knows.


We becomes to whisky, I am a mild man, but 8% of all whiskies are


single malt. The other 92% is blended. That is why I am


travelling to the 9th floor of the Whyte & Mackay building to meet a


man who can convey any with my own blended whisky. Level nine. Richard,


a nice to meet you. Welcome to the world of whisky. It is part


Aladdin's cave, part laboratory. This is a treasure chest weather


lovely blended whiskies and single malts are put together. There are


four regions, the lowlands, Highlands, Campbeltowns and islands.


Single malts come from these areas but different characteristics. They


blend them together, mixing grain whisky and malt whisky together,


pure harmony. The industry is having a renaissance. It is really


going great guns. They renew Distilleries opening. You have


whetted my appetite. I am salivating at the prospect. Where


do we start? Over here. Legon, maestro. -- lead


on. Everything is monitored, we start with grain whiskies. We're


not talking about one or two, maybe 20 or 25 single malts. It is


fascinating to see how it is developing. Now, this is from this


base side valley. Let's see how it is manipulated. Now, we want to


finish off with a backbone, structure and the arrogance you


have in the kitchen. Let me put one or two more in. Lots of different


styles. This is alchemy, pure and simple. See the body and structure?


The elegance and refinement. Look at the softness and you can feel


the Sherif knows coming in. The way the whisky clings to the glass. It


is 56.5% alcohol, strong and beefy. This will aid with distinguished


leaders behind it. This is what whisky is all about. So, mission


accomplished because I have never experienced the amazing taste and


flavours and smells in this blended whisky, I have to confess I am a


Still to come, making practical use of Scotland's native hardwood trees.


These are fantastic woods. An oak tree droop -- gross for 100 years.


The furniture will become an heirloom. Had we stop the toxic


take making a walk in the countryside such a potentially


harmful activity? How do we stop. It felt like aliens running up and


After a disastrous start to his sailing challenge when he ran


aground, UN is finally getting out of the harbour and setting sail for


I have been sailing around the Hebrides for 30 years. I have never


run aground before. But the one time I have a slight collision with


a rock, there would have to be a film crew on board. Thankfully,


myself, the crew and my yacht survived relatively unscathed so we


could continue on our journey. That is asked sailing, this Gomis behind


us. The open sea in front of us. A hint of sunshine. Perfect


conditions. -- the open sea behind us. With me, the cameraman and


Fiona, the director. And my expert tuition, they are learning. I am


sailing around some of the Small Isles to meet the folks that make


This is getting better, look at Eigg, chunks of sunshine and on the


mainland horrible. Where we are In 1997, Eigg was bought by the


community, a trust to run the island for the islanders. One of


the first things on the agenda were setting up a reliable electricity


system. There was no system, no connection to the mainland and


everybody made their own electricity. For most people, they


could only have power in the evening hours of darkness.


islands now has a sophisticated system of wind, Soler and a big


bank of batteries. What happens when you generate more than you


need? Just renewables, you never get 24 hour power because they will


be periods when the sun does not shy, when the wings does not know


and when the rain does not fall. We back the system up with a bank of


batteries, 96 of them, when there is less power being produced by the


renewables, than the islanders can see me, power flows out of the


batteries into the grid to make a difference. When there is a surplus


the Powell flowed back into the batteries to recharge them. People


come from all around the world to study the electric system. Schemes


like this are bringing folk back to the island to stay. Since the


islanders bought by the community, the population has grown. From 60


in 1997, to around 90 people today. They're not just older people


looking for an idyllic place to retire, many of the people coming


here are young folk. They are Sarah Boden spent part of her child


had on Eigg. Until recently, she was making as any -- working as a


music journalist in London but she has given up the bright lights to


become a farmer on new. It has been a steep learning curve. -- A farmer


on that Eigg. I have learned to work. I have got two sheepdogs.


There are two other farmers on the island who are very helpful and


also on the Island of Muck, so I can ring them up and ask advice if


I am struggling. But I am doing things like fence building and


repairing, which is going to take at least five or six years to help


get the basic infrastructure up to speed. Next stop, we are aiming for


the Island of Muck. But you will be glad to hear we are not planning to


roll of the hallway. -- to get there by boat. Go if you have a


comment about anything you see on the programme, please drop us an e-


mail. The weather here at Boat of Garten


is sensational! What about the prospects for this weekend and


Hello. A windy weekend across most parts of the country and a wet


weekend for some of us. Here is the synoptic chart for tomorrow. We had


some heavy fabrics of rain across the Western Isles and into western


coastal areas. Strong winds tomorrow morning and through much


of the day. Through parts of Aberdeenshire and parts of the east


coast, it will be a dry day. The rain is coming your way later on.


Across the south, highs of 12 degrees. The rain is working into a


share and the north-west. The north-east is strange drier and


brighter for longer. Behind that weather front, it is starting to


Brighton. If you are walking or climbing, it will be wet. A


southerly wind direction of around 40 mph and a steady speed. In the


east, it will be drier but the winds will be stronger. It will be


strong enough to blow you from your feet as it gets up to 80 mph. A


rough sea state with the moderate visibility and there will be rain.


In the Firth of Forth, gale force three to play the -- to force for.


Into the evening and overnight, the rain shifts, leaving it dry and


calm. As we move into Sunday, the pressure chart shows we are


starting to get an area of low pressure off the south coast of


Ireland. Its associated weather front are working their way up to


us. In Caithness and Sutherland, dry, fine and even bright but the


rain is moving in from the south with some strong winds. It will be


staying breezy and even a windy for the next few days. To start next


week, we can see the low-pressure continuing to move north. Tight


isobars, so pretty strong winds. The rain confined to western parts


of the country and elsewhere it is dry. Come Tuesday, the weather


front is working its way further inland, so more rain for most of us


and the rain will be heavy and slow moving. The Met Office has issued a


yellow alert because we could see some localised flooding. The dark


Blues here in decades the hoodie et rain. They are mainly across


western and southern parts of the country. -- the heavier rain. On


Wednesday, it turns brighter and a Less than 1% of the timber


processed in Scotland comes from hardwoods such as oak. Most of the


oak, ash, elm and birch is exported or used for firewood. In the final


part of my series looking at our native woodlands, I have been at


the Borders company set up to use these trees to make furniture. This


week, I am at Real Wood Studios near Jedburgh, where something like


this becomes something like this all in one site - and it is all


done with sustainability in mind. Real Wood Studios is a whole but


for furniture-makers to run their own businesses within a collective


workshop. We work from a log coming in through the saw mill and we have


our own drying system, and we also have the next stage from that which


turns it into furniture. It is a treat to table operation. The ethos


of the place is to use locally sourced to timber. Real Wood


Studios was set up by Borders Forest Trust to combine the talents


of young furniture designers with undervalued native hardwoods. How


important are these native hardwoods to Scotland's economy?


They are very important but they make up a very small percentage of


water that we grow and produce - less than 10%. A lot of the hard


words that we do produce get processed elsewhere it, so it does


have the potential to be a great economic boom that for local


communities and businesses like Real Wood Studios. People think


about it in terms of green issues and environmental cost, and for us


we have this resource - are some great old trees - and we prefer


using the ones we have got rather than importing from overseas.


is the attraction for you to work here? It is about creating things,


to be honest. It is about taking a blank canvas and creating something


which is going to be functional and loved by the owner, and which is


going to last for generations. It is the antidote to mass-produced


furniture, I suppose. The majority of the furniture made at Real Wood


Studios is sold right here, but the best thing - apart from the beauty


of the word - is that every piece of wood comes from a tree less than


50 miles away. These are fantastic words. An oak


tree grows for 50 years and though it deems it is going to produce on


the furniture is going to become an heirloom. It is a fantastic product


rather than a quick, throwaway product. We should be making the


Ticks by a real problem for anyone who spends time outside, but for


shooting estates they can have a real impact on the local impact.


Sarah is finding out what it can be done to control these harmful bugs.


Anyone who is frequently in the great outdoors knows what can be


lurking in the undergrowth. These nasty bloodsuckers are waiting to


pounce and cling on for life. The effects of tick Looe can be


devastating, as Jane Thomson found out three years ago. She contracted


to Lymes disease from one single tick bite. It affected my movement.


It affected my legs, which were very painful when I could feel them


- sometimes they were not really there. The best way to describe it


is that it felt like there were aliens inside my legs, running up


and down, which is the nerve activity. I was extremely tired and


was slipping for about 14 hours a day. I had no energy, no strength


and could only walk up half the stairs without having to stop and


have a rest. But they are not just a problem for us humans and our


dogs. By anys can contain -- can cause havoc for all types of


wildlife that stumble across them. This can be a problem for estates


that rely on a good number of chicks every year. This man has


been the head keeper for Gannochy Estate 40 years and has seen the


damage they can cause. The highest number I have counted on a grouse


chick was 147 on a four day old chick. There is no way the chick


can survive. To control it is a major thing. You might not know


this, but the tick is part of the spider family. It is a cross


between a spider and a vampire. Not the most endearing combination, but


what do we do about these gritters? The key is to find out how they


operate. -- critters. David in bushes and a long grass and wait


for possible prey to pass. In this case, an unsuspecting runner. The


tick has no eyes but has a highly developed sense in hits -- in its


legs. It is just a matter of waiting for the right time to


attack. Laura Taylor is a scientist


specialising in ticks and she has been researching the effectiveness


of sheep as pest control. She has been sweeping this Angus Campbell


land with her blanket, accounting tick numbers. We normally leave it


out for 10 metres and usually it is a slow walking pace to mimic a


sheep going through the heather. Just stop. Turn the blanket over


and have a look. We will see if we can find any ticks. We have got one


here. This is quite a small one. It is a middle-sized tick that you get.


We have got some examples of some other ticks. I can hardly even see


this! This is an adult female here. You can see that is a lot bigger.


Unfortunately, the tick not only sexual Blood but its saliva can


carry a range of diseases. -- socks your blood. When treated with


pesticides, they can help to kill these nasty beasts.


By gather these sheep are part of the tick solution. A Yes, we use


them as tick mops on the hill. We treat them with acaricide and treat


them on the hill and as they move around, the ticks jump on to them


and get killed by the acaricide. This has helped us cut the number


by approximately half in five years. Although the trials have shown that


sheep mopping can be effective, it depends on the local circumstances.


For victims like Jane, a solution to the tick problem could not come


too soon. So, 3, four years on, how are you


feeling? I would say 90% better. Still quite a week in my legs. I am


fine walking on flat surfaces but as soon as I go up hill, I have no


power at all. I am not sleeping so much and I have got more energy and


I can walk. I have done two sponsored walks this year, so I am


better than I was. As it stopped you from going out and enjoying the


outdoors and the countryside? just check myself very carefully


and night and make sure I have got no ticks. It should be noted that


not every tick bide will result in Lymes disease, but there are some


things you can do to reduce the risk. Wear trousers and tuck them


into socks. Avoid overhanging vegetation. Use a repellent. Carry


a bonny remover all very fine tweezers, gripping the tick at the


very top of its head. Do not squash or burn the tick, because this


could cause them to regurgitate back into your body. If you did


develop a rash and start to feel unwell, call your GP.


The ongoing battle against the dreaded tick. As the clock ticks


towards the end of the programme, I have time to tell you what is


coming up next week. A Sarah finds out about the


challenges of setting up a deer farm. Experts say we should be


producing an extra 100,000 tonnes a deer. If that was to come from the


farming sector, we would need about 500 new farms. And our reporter is


up against the clock on his sailing adventure. Hart is thumping a bit


coming in here! It is quite straightforward but some of the


Dougie Vipond meets the team giving eels a helping hand after their arduous migration. Sarah Mack looks at the latest research into Scotland's tick population, and Nick Nairn visits an auction of rare and very expensive whisky.

Download Subtitles