Episode 19 Landward


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Episode 19

Dougie Vipond is on Rum to meet the community trust now running much of the island. Nick Nairn is at an auction of rare whisky and Sarah Mack takes part in a cave rescue exercise.


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Hello and welcome to Landward. Celebration of all of his grip in

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the Scottish landscape. In a minute or two, we will see the first of

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three films that Dougie Vipond made on the Isle of Rhum. Bills were, I

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will sample the first clue to pint they'll in Scotland. We picked

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amazing local barley and produce some local Wales. -- ales. And the

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landscape that shaped the Lovat scouts. They were used to seeing

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the landscape and seeing things that were invisible to other people.

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Dougie, on the other hand, took the easy option, and he took the ferry

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to Rhum. This week he has been looking at plans to boost the

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economy and regenerate the island. But beneath the Isle of Skye, Rhum

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is the largest of the Small Isles. It was once home to hundreds of

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people but now the population is only 30. In the early nineteenth-

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century, 300 people were clear from the island. From then until the

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1950s there Ireland was in private ownership, used mainly as a

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sporting estate. For much of that time, the island was owned by one

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family, who built this, Kinloch Castle, the most distinctive

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landmark on the island. Clearly, George was a man who liked to make

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a grand statement. After his death, his wife sold the island, to the

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Nature Conservancy Council, the 4 runner of Scottish Natural Heritage.

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For years, the island was home only to conservation staff, and

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researchers. If people lost their job would Scottish Natural Heritage,

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they had to leave the ironing. Into those and indeed, community party

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trust was set up and community ownership and land and most of the

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loans on the island were transferred to the trust. -- homes.

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Why was the decision may to transfer assets to the community?

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It was a growing aspiration for the community to develop its own

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momentum and take charge of his own destiny. 100 he tears of land had

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been transferred, most of the properties in the village, so there

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and assets for the community to manage, the roads, the water supply,

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and some land in Kinloch Glen which has been used for cropping.

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trust means that people can live on the island, even if they do not

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work for Scottish Natural Heritage, but they have to find another way

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to make a living, and that is one of the big names -- aims of the

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trust, to create jobs. We hope to have an office in this part, here,

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and a shop here. Redeveloping this old farmstead is one project that

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will achieve this goal. The trust plans to make their and

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unsustainable for a local community. The idea is that this farming

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project will have a tea room, gift shop, meeting room and hostel

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accommodation and housing. All of which are vital to make the

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community tick. Community housing is a big problem. You cannot bring

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people in and told you have got housing, under until you bridge

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that gap we will be running behind, but we will get there. It is hoped

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that the transfer of ownership will lead to a new, vibrant island

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community were residents can put their energy into new projects,

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safe in the knowledge that they will not be asked to leave, if

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their job with Scottish Natural Heritage ceases to exist. This

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dilapidated building might not look much, but it is an example of this

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new, dynamic community at work. It has been Sol Cook Ian, to develop

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as a bread and breakfast. I have got a mingy in my eye. Unbelievable

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midges. The midges at the moment are horrendous. Are you regretting

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it at all? If it wasn't the midges, the West Coast to be a reserve

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place, so it keeps that element of wilderness out here. Many visitors

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are day-trippers. Those are great for the key shock and things like

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that, but we need to attract people were going to stay here for two or

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three nights, or maybe a week, to get appeal of the police and go

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away and tell their friends and family to come here. I think it is

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the best place in the world. Fantastic. But the midges are

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driving the mental! Less get into the can't! -- let us get into the

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car. It makes you cringe, looking at it, but here, in Braemar, the

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images seem to have gone for the winter. This week were visiting an

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auction house, where some very expensive and rare malt whisky is

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going under the hammer. The Scottish sale at Bonhams auction

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house sells all manner of rare, interesting things, from art and

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jewellery, at a furniture and books. I am here to find out about the

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selection of whisky which will be sold later today. For a whisky

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connoisseur like myself, this is a little bit of heaven. There are up

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old and rare bottles of Bowmore, Ardbeg and Springbank. I am

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unlikely to get a taste these unless I part with a significant

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amount of cash. Who do you find is buying this old, expensive whisky?

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It is bought by private individuals, by dealers who will hold on to them

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and sell them on again, and investors. As we have seen over the

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last two or three years, we have been getting a good return on

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whisky. If you are going to buy something, laying something down

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now, buying a new bottling from a distillery, that is being produced

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in today's market and keeping it for another 20 years, I think you

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could do very handsomely. I would like to start the bidding at �260.

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We urge bottled do you think will fetch the most? -- which bottle do

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you think? Dalmore Candela. What makes it so expensive? It is partly

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the packaging, but the rarity of the whisky that is in the vatting

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from various years. And it is so rare, because it is still drinkable.

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And where could end up? It could go anywhere. It might end up in the

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Far East. Very interesting bottle of Dalmore. We can start the

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bidding at 5,000, 5500, �6,000. At 6 doesn't bounce, and selling. I

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will take 6500? At �6,000. Still with me, with the auctioneer, going

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By the end of the week most of the whisky that was sold at the auction

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will be laid down in cellars across the globe. But for me, it is all

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about the drinking - slainte! Still to come, from plough to pine, the

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tale of a farming brewer. It was a slow process, but looking at what

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we have got now, it was worth it. The Lovat Scouts. And their

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relationship with the Highland landscape. They provided, if you

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like, the eyes and ears of the Light Infantry. Caning and

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potholing are dangerous pursuits and the risk of getting stranded by

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flood water is ever present. Cave rescue teams are drained to deal

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with every possible Under ground scenario and Sarah are joined them

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on a training exercise. What Underground enthusiasts, caving is

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exciting and rewarding. But, like most outdoor sports, there is an

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element of danger. I am on exercise with the Scottish Cave rescue

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Organisation. We are, hopefully, on their way! A person has gone into

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the cave and not come out, so the first thing we do is go in and

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searched to locate this caver. Whilst I am on the ground in the

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key were broken expectations, the Cave rescue Organisation is above

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ground preparing to rescue me. will divide into two teams,

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although this cave is quite easy, there are some difficult bits in it.

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We are here in Argyll because we have won outcrop of caves in this

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area, and where there are caves there are going to be able to

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explore them and when they do that, there is the chance that someone

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might come to grief, either because of stupidity -- sheer stupidity, or

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factors beyond their control. And it is an awkward territory to carry

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an injured person out of, so we need specialists who can do the job.

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Conditions are crammed, and does there is uncomfortable, but it does

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not take the team long to find me. I Amir from the Cave rescue team,

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are you OK? I am a little bit sore. But not everything goes according

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to plan. I cannot hear you, over? Can I get a runner? With the radio

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at of action, a runner is needed to tell the team on the surface that I

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have been found. Were going to require a stretcher. The equipment

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is sent down, and the tricky job of It is incredible how they can get

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the equipment into this space, and hopefully, get me out of here. I

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have only been here for about an hour, but already I am cold and wet.

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I cannot imagine if I was really ill. Attention please, prepare to

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get moving the casualty. OK, guys, are you ready? Ready? With -- lift.

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A human being is a heavy object in a stretcher. It is an awkward thing

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to carry around. If you have right angled corners and key passages,

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the territory is so of work, it is more difficult to extract somebody

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from a cave, so a broken ankle on the surface might mean putting

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yourself in a car and driving to a hospital, but not in a cave. We

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need specialists who can do the job. The only specialists are cavers

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themselves, so we are the best people to Duke -- to do the job.

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Making up out of the dark is a relief, but the rescue is not over,

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yet. The underground team hand me to mountain rescue, who were

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charged with getting me over the river, and unfortunately, the wet

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war there -- wet weather has turned it into a raging torrent of white

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water, and the only way over in the stretcher is in a sling, over the

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We are lucky if we get called out twice a year and they are often

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searches for missing people. These incidents are few and far between.

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But we still have to train just in case. Wow. That is incredible. I am

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in awe of what these guys do. That If you would like to comment on

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anything you have seen on today's programme... It is a lovely day

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here. But what about the weather It is a lovely weekend in store for

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the whole of the country, thanks to high pressure building tomorrow. We

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can see it is building a cross Ireland and Scotland. Plenty of dry

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conditions. A cold start tomorrow. A bit of mist and fog but Clearing

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quickly. Showers in the West as well but generally bright with

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sunshine. By the middle of the afternoon, temperatures between 10

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and 12, about average for this time of year. Broken cloud and blue sky

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is. Plenty of sunshine and not a bad start to the weekend. Top

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temperatures of 12 degrees and light wind. We could get some

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showers in the North West. Particularly in the Highlands.

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Elsewhere, dry, fine and bright. Elsewhere in the east, plenty of

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sunshine again. Moderate wind at about 15 mph but lighter further

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south. Across the South West, these are the conditions. Good disability

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and plenty of sunshine. Similar conditions here as well. Good

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visibility and plenty of sunshine. Into the evening, the clear skies

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continue but it will be a cold night to come. Temperatures down to

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three degrees but rural spots colder with frost and fog are

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developing. We can see this high pressure is building further. This

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is sitting overhead all of Sunday and it will bring bright conditions.

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Perhaps up to the North West, these conditions. More cloud and mild.

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Temperatures at about 10 degrees. In the next few days, dry and

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bright. This is the pressure chart for Monday. High pressure is still

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with us but it is shifting away. But it is still in control, keeping

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low pressure had a, meaning dry and bright conditions. -- away. Wind is

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strengthening from the south. Through the week, on Tuesday, high

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pressure moving away. We will get more cloud building. Temperatures

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at 10 and 11. Wind getting stronger. The best of the sunshine will be in

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the north, where temperatures will be up to 13 degrees. Shell was

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building across the Western Isles. Elsewhere, dry and cloudy and top

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Last week we had the story of the Black Watch shaped as a regiment by

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the landscape in which it was created. This week we look at the

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Scouts and how tactics changed at The military prowess of the

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fighting Scots have long been the stuff of legend. But never has the

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relationship between skills, land and demonstrations in battle been a

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more closely linked than in the creation of the Scouts. Raised in

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1899, they were recruited from the ranks of the gamekeeper's working

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on the high land sporting estates. This heritage is enshrined in the

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town centre at. These doubts were raised by Lord Lovat at the start

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of the Boer War. He perceived that there was a need to have soldiers

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that were as good as the enemy were at working in the countryside and

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moving around and sniping. reckoned that on the estates, he

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had sufficient stock in order to get together a contingent which was

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in effect the regiment. After one year in training, they departed for

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South Africa To complete their skills and put them to the test.

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They were used to looking at landscape and seeing things that

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were invisible to other people and that was exactly the scale needed

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in South Africa for reconnaissance and intelligence gathering. They

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work against a very elusive and crafty enemy. They provided the

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eyes and the years and they went ahead and scouted and provided

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reconnaissance and intelligence. They were able to feed that back to

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the main part of the army so they understood what was happening.

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observation, field craft and skills developed by the scouts represented

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a fundamental change in tactics for the British Army. But the key to

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their success was their ability to blend into the landscape. Many of

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the other regular army units wore red tunics which was not a good

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idea if somebody is quite clever at sniping. The Scouts wore khaki and

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drab brown. It was like a Carry On from Tweed. Today we have got

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combat suits and even that is developed into, if you want in

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Afghanistan it will blend in with the sound but the principle is the

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same, disguised. The scouts do not exist as a unit any longer. But the

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legacy continues. The resourcefulness and fighting spirit

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forged in a deep glens were adopted by the mainstream Army and were

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part of soldier trading. Through the Scouts and individual officers

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at had connections to the Highlands like Lord Lovat himself, that was

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like a training ground for these types of attributes of heartiness

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and independence and using landscape and fuel craft,

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reconnaissance and intelligence gathering. That has been absorbed

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by the mainstream. Not just by the British Army but internationally.

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These are all skills that they At the start of the year,

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Scotland's first plough two point brewery produced ales. Producing

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quality beer from Bali was the aim Some things are definitely brewing

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just north of here. This is the Chester estate near Ancrum deep in

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the heart of the Scottish Borders. 1,500 acres of arable land and home

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to Scotland's first plough to pint The real ale industry is a booming

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business. Take the finest Scottish barley and turn it into local ale.

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A number of people are trying real ale for the first time and these

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numbers are rising dramatically. We have got a whole new market in

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which good beer can cried. This was the inspiration. -- thrive. It is

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not a predictable business. It does not allowed to plan for the future

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with the way the industry is. We wanted to add a revenue stream to

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the farm. We are growing malt and barley and that is what we are

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doing best and that makes beer. We thought we might be onto something.

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How difficult was the process? was not easy. We do not have an

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infrastructure in a rural area and it is easier in an industrial

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warehouse in a city. We have spent five years planning and it was a

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long slog but I think it was what it in the end. Despite the uphill

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struggle, the turnover is very healthy. To help keep up with

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demand, he employs the expert skills of thermal brewer, Peter

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Sharpe, keeping an eye on the levels. What is happening? We are

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putting in the malt and as it comes down, we mix with water and take

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the sugar out. This is the under back. Have a little taste. It is

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like sugary water. We put that in the cattle. It is a big home grew -

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- Bru? Exactly. We are looking at this and that is where it is

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fermented. That is where sugar water becomes alcoholic and beer.

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We have got about 3000 pints are. It has only been in production for

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nine months and it is proving to be a big success. John produces three

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distinct beers and they are sold as far afield as St Andrews and

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Newcastle. They are responding to that demand. The story behind the

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product is almost as important as the product. Things are becoming

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increasingly commercial and people are looking for more unique selling

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points to the products. Perhaps we need more of these local micro

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businesses doing what people did many years ago. The older model is

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not necessarily bad. It would seem Scotland's only ploughed to pint

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brewery has been a great success. But when it comes to bear, the

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elite real judge of a good pint is the pub landlord. Can I have a pint,

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please? Certainly. It is very good and it sells very well with the

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locals. It is an easy real ale. You cannot complain about the sales we

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have had. Just five miles away. How good is that? Cheers. If that has

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left you wanting more, he is something to quench your thirst

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next week. The importance of mackerel to the fishing industry in

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Scotland. France, Germany, Holland, Spain. Not a country in the world

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does not have Scottish products. Country sports for all. It is

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different from what I expected and I have learned so much and it is

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Dougie Vipond is on Rum to meet the community trust now running much of the island. Nick Nairn is at an auction of rare Scotch whisky and Sarah Mack takes part in a cave rescue exercise.