The Landward team explore the new trail on the south shore of Loch Ness, go trucking with Scotland's top horse transporter and visit the company using fish to grow vegetables.
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Hello and a very warm welcome to Landward, bringing Scotland's
landscape right in your living room. In a moment I will be back on Rum
for the night time bird-watching but first, he was what else is
coming up on the programme. The tricky balance between farmland
and forestry. A we are not against tree-planting but we are against
when it takes over whole farm. go trucking in style. The lovely
would work, the leather seats, the mood lighting, fridge, cooker
running water, telly, DVD. Sarah explores the southern shore
of Loch Ness. This is the fair head lad's Pathan at 500 metres it is
the highest part of the trial. The views from the top make a hike
Over the past few weeks I have been on Rum hearing about plans to
redevelop the island and I have met unique Rum ponies. In the final
part of my series I had the final part of -- I had the privilege to
meet the residents that the Vikings thought were trolls.
Much of the island of Rum was a national nature reserve, managed by
Scottish Natural Heritage. It is home to rare ponies and around 1000
red deer. And also a bird called the Manx shearwater. At sea,
shearwaters are relatively easy to spot. They stayed together in large
groups. But on land they are much trickier to see. For one thing they
nesting burrows, deep in the side of high mountains and the only come
ashore at night so we have become pak courses, filled our rucksacks
with infra-red filming equipment and heading up for a two-hour walk.
The colony on Rum, there are over 100,000 breeding pairs here. It is
probably around one-fifth of the world's population of Manx
shearwaters. It is a very significant colony in terms of its
Apparently the birds have a weird, screeching call, but on still
nights it can be heard throughout As dusk falls we meet Oxford
University researcher Holly. I am going to help her with her research
tonight. We are just heading a bit further up the mountain towards the
next level of rock. What are we planning to do when we get there?
Well, hopefully what we will do his way some chicks that hour -- that
are in our study Burrows, then probably retrieved some GPS
trekkers from the birds that I put on last week. First, another climb.
It is getting pretty dark now so it is time to change from this
camera... To this camera. That is weird looking! At this time of
night the adult birds asked about Tutsi. So we get on with weighing
the chicks. -- the adult birds are out at sea. This is burrow number
one, if you could write down the wait for me. When we wake him
tomorrow we will have an idea of how much the adults have bought
back to night to feed him. Here we go. He is a big fellow. Yes, quite
He is calling a lot because he is hoping that his mum and dad are
going to come back and give him a nice big meal of fish oil and fish
paste. Here we go, he is 425 grams. He is almost as big as his parents
were. About the same weight, actually. He has the -- he has a
couple of hundred grams more to go before he is ready to pledge.
adult birds start pouring back into the colony. We can't see anything
but we can certainly hear them. Things are starting to hot up,
they're coming in, making a real racket. We don't know where they're
coming from or going to, they're If you come up for a here -- if you
come up here for a night, pitch your tent and did not know what
shearwaters sounded like, this would freak you out. What a wild
The birds from the study Burrows where GPS tax. Once the bird has
had its chick, Holly retrieves the tracking device. -- FED it's tick.
Here we go. What are you learned from this? We are basically getting
a fix, a position in latitude and longitude once every five minutes
which it is just enough in a high enough resolution to be able to see
things like foraging behaviour and what we are really interested in is
where these birds are foraging and if they are important flight routes
between here and there foraging locations. The information Hollie
collectors could help protect the birds' habitat in the long term.
After removing the tag the birdies put back into its burrow. And it is
time for me to head for my nest for the night as well.
Well it is to 10am, and after hearing that cacophony of noise and
seeing the beautiful birds close up, it was a wonderful end to what has
been an extraordinary trip to Rum. Now, a two-hour walk back to the
Over the last couple of weeks Sarah has been meeting some of the
innovative food producers from Dun Breese and Galloway and in her
final taste of the region, fish is on the menu -- Dumfries and
If you take fish in tanks, known as aquaculture, and combine it with
Hagrid products, growing vegetables in water, what do you get? Simple.
This centre in Scotland is right here in Anne Moffat. The project is
run by an environmental community and company. The charity runs
allotments for local families and recycling centre under community
orchard as well as the special greenhouse. This is it? Yes, this
is Scotland's first read House of this type. Scotland's first. How
long has it been running for? only started in March and already
within five to six weeks we had the plants coming on and ready to sell
so the plant growing side of this is very fast. The fish take longer
to get double size, to get a plate size. That is turning out to be
more like six months. What is this technique? It is a mixture of
Agriculture and had republics, but can you explain it? You have the
fish growing in the water and you add in the plants growing in water
instead of soil and it is a harmonious system, so waste from
the fish is going to be the plants and giving them their nutrients and
in turn to the plant's are cleansing the water, they are
filtering the water. Now the vegetables are grown pretty much as
you said in Broomfield water. Does it affect the taste? But the tour.
If you would like to trisomy you're very welcome. The vegetables are
delicious. -- If you would like to taste some you are very welcome. We
are growing chilli peppers, cucumbers, herbs, strawberries,
strawberries for Christmas. I am determined to grow bananas. If I
can do that I will be happy. Watch this space. Yes! So no bananas as
yet but these fish are ready to eat. The originate from Africa, just
like this chef. We are going to do some of the
. -- we are going to do some of the fish you have just seen with the
It looks you become very colourful. -- it looks delicious, very
colourful. Quite matey. But delicate, nice. Yes, it doesn't
have the muddy flavours you would have expected from the wild fish.
Very subtle, very nice, thank you very much. No problem. Can I have
Still to come we travel on the new South Loch Ness trail. His 20
eight-mile trail has so much to offer in terms of history, wildlife
and adventure -- 28 mile trail. are on board the ultimate in
trucking luxury. When we had will rebuild it was for our anniversary
edition so we decided to go to town. -- when we had the lorry built.
There is an ongoing debate at the moment about the future shape of
our landscape. The government plans to increase the amount of land used
for forestry but there are fears this will impact on our ability to
produce enough food to meet future We humans are greedy creatures. We
demand a lot from the land. We want to use it to grow food, to produce
energy, for recreation and to build So what is the land for? Well, but
is a question that anybody who is involved in Rural Affairs has to
wrestle with all the time. Is it for food production? Is it for
forestry? Carbon capture, wildlife, or even leisure? And with just one
small planet how can you possibly balance all these usually competing
At the moment around 17% of our land is devoted to forestry. The
Scottish government wants that to rise to 25% by the last half of the
century. As a country we have a great opportunity to tackle climate
change by inclusive -- by increasing Forestry cover and the
sector employs tens of thousands of people in the rural economy so it
is very important sector to Scotland. There is the environment
will, employment and economic benefit at the same time. According
to the United Nations food organisation by the year 2050 pre-
production will need to increase by 70%. Annual meat production alone
needs to increase by 200 million tonnes. But across the country hill
farms that were used to produce lamb are now being considered was
trees. -- are now being planted with trees. It is something the
National sheep Association is not happy about. Their development
officer took me to see a farm or the Borders that had been swallowed
up by Plantation. Up until recently this was a productive sheep Hill
Farm, 1,300 acres and it was carrying about 800 euros. -- ewes.
Then it was planted up? Tokely planted up. I used to seeing this?
It is common in this area and across Scotland. We are using some
of -- we are losing some of the most productive sheep hill farms.
This is ideal ground for trees to be planted on and that is the
problem we have. The good ground for growing the trees is almost --
is also some of the most productive ground for the sheep. The Scottish
government wants 10,000 hectares of forestry to be planted every year.
Forest Enterprise Scotland, the timber producing win of the
Forestry Commission, aims to plant 1000 hectares. The other 9,000 is
expected to come from private businesses who can apply for grants
to plant a bug. The average -- to plant to the. The average is 37%,
in Scotland it is 17% and we have a lot of land in Scotland, so how can
we have an integrated land use policy? We need to produce food.
Our farmers could -- play a leading role in doing that and forestry is
also important and we want more to tackle climate change because
forestry acts as a carbon sink. They are not mutually exclusive,
food production and forestry. what we would like to see happening
is a mix. We're not against tree- planting but we are against it when
it takes River Hull farms are what we see would be if there was a way
of having a better incentives of the De Vos farm was sold then a
proportion of it was only allowed to be planted, which would then
leave a stable sheep enterprise and productive sheep enterprise to work
I am surprised by the sheer scale of this plantation. As you can see,
it extends all the way up to the rich and beyond. -- Reg.
We're encouraging local authorities to have local Forestry strategies.
Local people been consulted is the best way to insula a balance.
If you want to take part in the discussion the Government have set
up a specialist group looking precisely at the issue. The
woodland expansion advisory group are currently consulting to find
the best way of achieving government targets. You have until
the end of January to get your views to them. Details of how you
If you have a comment about the programme or a story to share with
us please e-mail the address on screen. The weather here at Culzean
Castle is surprisingly warm for this time of year. What is the
A very wet and windy weekend in store. There is an amber warning
from the Met Office for Severe it deals across the country. -- gales.
To start tomorrow morning, wet and windy across the North. But the
strongest winds will be found in the borders and Lothians. We could
see branches taken down and tiles off roofs, things like that. A
yellow warning from the Met Office for rain also. Heavy and persistent
at times, difficult driving conditions. Dry air with sunshine
in the north-east and temperatures might even reach 14 Celsius but it
will still be very windy. Climbing, the wind speeds say it all. All
from a south-westerly direction. Very difficult to even stand up let
alone walk or climb the hills and Munro's. Rough or very rough seas
with moderate visibility. In the east, we could see storm-force nine
from a south-westerly direction. Moderate of his ability. Rain will
continue falling on Sunday evening. Some of the showers will turn
wintry across the north-west Highlands. Higher road routes will
be affected. This pressure is moving towards Scandinavia and
producing the conditions. Into next week, the general theme, unsettled.
Looking at the map we can see another area of low pressure
towards Iceland. That will bring rain. Dry at the start of the week
but heavy rain will push in later on. Temperatures around 10 or 11
Celsius. Tuesday, the weather front continues moving west to east.
Difficult to pinpoint where the heaviest of the game will be but
the map says it all. A wet day. The wind will stay strong. Wednesday,
when his remaining strong and feeling cold that despite the
Horses come in all shapes and sizes. They have a variety of temperaments.
Transporting them is not easy but one firm has developed a specialism
in equine transport. We went on the Erik de la Llanwrtyd are Scotland's
premier horse transport firm. -- Eric Gillie Ltd. This is the latest
addition to their fleet. 420 brake horsepower and a price tag of
�280,000. It is the film's pride and joy.
This is my pride and joy. My home away from home. For rich, cooker,
microwave, television, king-sized bed. -- fridge. We bought it for
the 30 per anniversary of the business. We decided to go to town.
-- 35th anniversary. Today Michael is delivering seven
horses from Kelso to Aberdeen docks where they will be loaded on to the
north wing ferry. He is now ready to hit the road. The final
destination for the horses as an Orkney stud farm.
This is a weekly to fortnightly run. To Shetland and vice versa, coming
down. We have to be fairly prompt so we're not holding up the ferry.
If we get to a situation where we are struggling to make the ferry
then we have a stable facility in Aberdeen where we can offload the
horses. Usually the next day, the next crossing, they are put on. But
it is not often that we are late. We always attempt to plan ahead so
that we can beat the traffic but every day brings different
circumstances. Michael arrives at the docks in
plenty of time. The horses are transferred into specially designed
livestock containers before being loaded safely on board. With
another cargo was safely delivered he can head back to Kelso. The
horses are soon on their way to their new home. Next week, we will
join the team at the Doncaster of sales. Will there be any horses
This autumn a brand new trail opened giving unrivalled access to
the peaceful, undiscovered south shore of Loch Ness. It gives a new
perspective on an ADR which has long been a firm favourite of fans
of the outdoors. On an eight -- on an ADR. This is a fascinating place
spanning a huge period of our history. Spectacular works of
nature and tales of dark deeds and magic. One of Scotland's most
popular tourist attractions but most visitors only sea loch Ness
from the north shore. This new 28 mile trek hopes to change all that
and give people a chance to see a completely different side of Loch
Ness. The route starts at just outside Fort Augustus and travels
all the way to the outskirts of Inverness. It is a mixture of newly
built paths and well-worn routes. There are still some surviving
examples of engineering prowess like this magnificent bridge.
A dedicated team have been at the heart of the project since its
inception two year as a goal. It held appeal for the simplicity
and the fact it linked up existing trails. And it brings benefits to
the south side. Finally, in the long term, and I stress that, we
can link-up with a north side -- the north side and create a 360
degree trail. The trail is never far from the
show and there is a wealth of history along the way. -- never far
from the shore. An intriguing example is hidden behind these
trees. This house was originally a hunting lodge for noble gentleman
then home to a famous English mystic, astrologer, and magician,
once described as the most influential cultist of all time.
Alastair Crowley. In the 1970s it was sold to another equally
eccentric individual, led Zeppelin legend Jimmy Page. Further along
the route is a spectacular waterfall. The trail follows a very
steep when the road. It is appropriately known as the
corkscrew. -- steep, winding road. Dominating the views are these
massive cracks. The sight of an Iron Age fort. High up on the
Hell's the route takes on a very different character. -- higher up
on the hill. This is the fair Here's flat -- this is the fair
haired lad spa. The trail has been designed for walkers and cyclists.
But there is another option. Andy Cameron of runs this riding school.
-- can be Cameron. She is a keen horse rider and one of the team it
-- one of the team responsible for this trail.
I love to do my riding you. There is less infrastructure and that is
The village of doors is six miles from the end of the it. -- the
village of Taurus. -- Dores. This 28 mile trail as so much to offer.
History, wildlife, adventure. There are plans to link it with the north
side meaning that the possibilities I cannot wait to be able to do a
complete look of Loch Ness. It will become a must do root in Scotland.
Just time to tell you what is coming on next week's programme.
Scotland's ski centres gear up for what they hope will be a bumper
winter. And 40 years on the end of the steel rope - the life of a
rescue helicopter winchman. I am never scared. We're
The Landward team explore the new trail on the south shore of Loch Ness, go trucking with Scotland's top horse transporter and meet the Dumfries and Galloway company using fish to grow vegetables.