Episode 22 Landward

Episode 22

The Landward team explore the new trail on the south shore of Loch Ness, go trucking with Scotland's top horse transporter and visit the company using fish to grow vegetables.

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Hello and a very warm welcome to Landward, bringing Scotland's


landscape right in your living room. In a moment I will be back on Rum


for the night time bird-watching but first, he was what else is


coming up on the programme. The tricky balance between farmland


and forestry. A we are not against tree-planting but we are against


when it takes over whole farm. go trucking in style. The lovely


would work, the leather seats, the mood lighting, fridge, cooker


running water, telly, DVD. Sarah explores the southern shore


of Loch Ness. This is the fair head lad's Pathan at 500 metres it is


the highest part of the trial. The views from the top make a hike


Over the past few weeks I have been on Rum hearing about plans to


redevelop the island and I have met unique Rum ponies. In the final


part of my series I had the final part of -- I had the privilege to


meet the residents that the Vikings thought were trolls.


Much of the island of Rum was a national nature reserve, managed by


Scottish Natural Heritage. It is home to rare ponies and around 1000


red deer. And also a bird called the Manx shearwater. At sea,


shearwaters are relatively easy to spot. They stayed together in large


groups. But on land they are much trickier to see. For one thing they


nesting burrows, deep in the side of high mountains and the only come


ashore at night so we have become pak courses, filled our rucksacks


with infra-red filming equipment and heading up for a two-hour walk.


The colony on Rum, there are over 100,000 breeding pairs here. It is


probably around one-fifth of the world's population of Manx


shearwaters. It is a very significant colony in terms of its


Apparently the birds have a weird, screeching call, but on still


nights it can be heard throughout As dusk falls we meet Oxford


University researcher Holly. I am going to help her with her research


tonight. We are just heading a bit further up the mountain towards the


next level of rock. What are we planning to do when we get there?


Well, hopefully what we will do his way some chicks that hour -- that


are in our study Burrows, then probably retrieved some GPS


trekkers from the birds that I put on last week. First, another climb.


It is getting pretty dark now so it is time to change from this


camera... To this camera. That is weird looking! At this time of


night the adult birds asked about Tutsi. So we get on with weighing


the chicks. -- the adult birds are out at sea. This is burrow number


one, if you could write down the wait for me. When we wake him


tomorrow we will have an idea of how much the adults have bought


back to night to feed him. Here we go. He is a big fellow. Yes, quite


He is calling a lot because he is hoping that his mum and dad are


going to come back and give him a nice big meal of fish oil and fish


paste. Here we go, he is 425 grams. He is almost as big as his parents


were. About the same weight, actually. He has the -- he has a


couple of hundred grams more to go before he is ready to pledge.


adult birds start pouring back into the colony. We can't see anything


but we can certainly hear them. Things are starting to hot up,


they're coming in, making a real racket. We don't know where they're


coming from or going to, they're If you come up for a here -- if you


come up here for a night, pitch your tent and did not know what


shearwaters sounded like, this would freak you out. What a wild


The birds from the study Burrows where GPS tax. Once the bird has


had its chick, Holly retrieves the tracking device. -- FED it's tick.


Here we go. What are you learned from this? We are basically getting


a fix, a position in latitude and longitude once every five minutes


which it is just enough in a high enough resolution to be able to see


things like foraging behaviour and what we are really interested in is


where these birds are foraging and if they are important flight routes


between here and there foraging locations. The information Hollie


collectors could help protect the birds' habitat in the long term.


After removing the tag the birdies put back into its burrow. And it is


time for me to head for my nest for the night as well.


Well it is to 10am, and after hearing that cacophony of noise and


seeing the beautiful birds close up, it was a wonderful end to what has


been an extraordinary trip to Rum. Now, a two-hour walk back to the


Over the last couple of weeks Sarah has been meeting some of the


innovative food producers from Dun Breese and Galloway and in her


final taste of the region, fish is on the menu -- Dumfries and


If you take fish in tanks, known as aquaculture, and combine it with


Hagrid products, growing vegetables in water, what do you get? Simple.


This centre in Scotland is right here in Anne Moffat. The project is


run by an environmental community and company. The charity runs


allotments for local families and recycling centre under community


orchard as well as the special greenhouse. This is it? Yes, this


is Scotland's first read House of this type. Scotland's first. How


long has it been running for? only started in March and already


within five to six weeks we had the plants coming on and ready to sell


so the plant growing side of this is very fast. The fish take longer


to get double size, to get a plate size. That is turning out to be


more like six months. What is this technique? It is a mixture of


Agriculture and had republics, but can you explain it? You have the


fish growing in the water and you add in the plants growing in water


instead of soil and it is a harmonious system, so waste from


the fish is going to be the plants and giving them their nutrients and


in turn to the plant's are cleansing the water, they are


filtering the water. Now the vegetables are grown pretty much as


you said in Broomfield water. Does it affect the taste? But the tour.


If you would like to trisomy you're very welcome. The vegetables are


delicious. -- If you would like to taste some you are very welcome. We


are growing chilli peppers, cucumbers, herbs, strawberries,


strawberries for Christmas. I am determined to grow bananas. If I


can do that I will be happy. Watch this space. Yes! So no bananas as


yet but these fish are ready to eat. The originate from Africa, just


like this chef. We are going to do some of the


. -- we are going to do some of the fish you have just seen with the


It looks you become very colourful. -- it looks delicious, very


colourful. Quite matey. But delicate, nice. Yes, it doesn't


have the muddy flavours you would have expected from the wild fish.


Very subtle, very nice, thank you very much. No problem. Can I have


Still to come we travel on the new South Loch Ness trail. His 20


eight-mile trail has so much to offer in terms of history, wildlife


and adventure -- 28 mile trail. are on board the ultimate in


trucking luxury. When we had will rebuild it was for our anniversary


edition so we decided to go to town. -- when we had the lorry built.


There is an ongoing debate at the moment about the future shape of


our landscape. The government plans to increase the amount of land used


for forestry but there are fears this will impact on our ability to


produce enough food to meet future We humans are greedy creatures. We


demand a lot from the land. We want to use it to grow food, to produce


energy, for recreation and to build So what is the land for? Well, but


is a question that anybody who is involved in Rural Affairs has to


wrestle with all the time. Is it for food production? Is it for


forestry? Carbon capture, wildlife, or even leisure? And with just one


small planet how can you possibly balance all these usually competing


At the moment around 17% of our land is devoted to forestry. The


Scottish government wants that to rise to 25% by the last half of the


century. As a country we have a great opportunity to tackle climate


change by inclusive -- by increasing Forestry cover and the


sector employs tens of thousands of people in the rural economy so it


is very important sector to Scotland. There is the environment


will, employment and economic benefit at the same time. According


to the United Nations food organisation by the year 2050 pre-


production will need to increase by 70%. Annual meat production alone


needs to increase by 200 million tonnes. But across the country hill


farms that were used to produce lamb are now being considered was


trees. -- are now being planted with trees. It is something the


National sheep Association is not happy about. Their development


officer took me to see a farm or the Borders that had been swallowed


up by Plantation. Up until recently this was a productive sheep Hill


Farm, 1,300 acres and it was carrying about 800 euros. -- ewes.


Then it was planted up? Tokely planted up. I used to seeing this?


It is common in this area and across Scotland. We are using some


of -- we are losing some of the most productive sheep hill farms.


This is ideal ground for trees to be planted on and that is the


problem we have. The good ground for growing the trees is almost --


is also some of the most productive ground for the sheep. The Scottish


government wants 10,000 hectares of forestry to be planted every year.


Forest Enterprise Scotland, the timber producing win of the


Forestry Commission, aims to plant 1000 hectares. The other 9,000 is


expected to come from private businesses who can apply for grants


to plant a bug. The average -- to plant to the. The average is 37%,


in Scotland it is 17% and we have a lot of land in Scotland, so how can


we have an integrated land use policy? We need to produce food.


Our farmers could -- play a leading role in doing that and forestry is


also important and we want more to tackle climate change because


forestry acts as a carbon sink. They are not mutually exclusive,


food production and forestry. what we would like to see happening


is a mix. We're not against tree- planting but we are against it when


it takes River Hull farms are what we see would be if there was a way


of having a better incentives of the De Vos farm was sold then a


proportion of it was only allowed to be planted, which would then


leave a stable sheep enterprise and productive sheep enterprise to work


I am surprised by the sheer scale of this plantation. As you can see,


it extends all the way up to the rich and beyond. -- Reg.


We're encouraging local authorities to have local Forestry strategies.


Local people been consulted is the best way to insula a balance.


If you want to take part in the discussion the Government have set


up a specialist group looking precisely at the issue. The


woodland expansion advisory group are currently consulting to find


the best way of achieving government targets. You have until


the end of January to get your views to them. Details of how you


If you have a comment about the programme or a story to share with


us please e-mail the address on screen. The weather here at Culzean


Castle is surprisingly warm for this time of year. What is the


A very wet and windy weekend in store. There is an amber warning


from the Met Office for Severe it deals across the country. -- gales.


To start tomorrow morning, wet and windy across the North. But the


strongest winds will be found in the borders and Lothians. We could


see branches taken down and tiles off roofs, things like that. A


yellow warning from the Met Office for rain also. Heavy and persistent


at times, difficult driving conditions. Dry air with sunshine


in the north-east and temperatures might even reach 14 Celsius but it


will still be very windy. Climbing, the wind speeds say it all. All


from a south-westerly direction. Very difficult to even stand up let


alone walk or climb the hills and Munro's. Rough or very rough seas


with moderate visibility. In the east, we could see storm-force nine


from a south-westerly direction. Moderate of his ability. Rain will


continue falling on Sunday evening. Some of the showers will turn


wintry across the north-west Highlands. Higher road routes will


be affected. This pressure is moving towards Scandinavia and


producing the conditions. Into next week, the general theme, unsettled.


Looking at the map we can see another area of low pressure


towards Iceland. That will bring rain. Dry at the start of the week


but heavy rain will push in later on. Temperatures around 10 or 11


Celsius. Tuesday, the weather front continues moving west to east.


Difficult to pinpoint where the heaviest of the game will be but


the map says it all. A wet day. The wind will stay strong. Wednesday,


when his remaining strong and feeling cold that despite the


Horses come in all shapes and sizes. They have a variety of temperaments.


Transporting them is not easy but one firm has developed a specialism


in equine transport. We went on the Erik de la Llanwrtyd are Scotland's


premier horse transport firm. -- Eric Gillie Ltd. This is the latest


addition to their fleet. 420 brake horsepower and a price tag of


�280,000. It is the film's pride and joy.


This is my pride and joy. My home away from home. For rich, cooker,


microwave, television, king-sized bed. -- fridge. We bought it for


the 30 per anniversary of the business. We decided to go to town.


-- 35th anniversary. Today Michael is delivering seven


horses from Kelso to Aberdeen docks where they will be loaded on to the


north wing ferry. He is now ready to hit the road. The final


destination for the horses as an Orkney stud farm.


This is a weekly to fortnightly run. To Shetland and vice versa, coming


down. We have to be fairly prompt so we're not holding up the ferry.


If we get to a situation where we are struggling to make the ferry


then we have a stable facility in Aberdeen where we can offload the


horses. Usually the next day, the next crossing, they are put on. But


it is not often that we are late. We always attempt to plan ahead so


that we can beat the traffic but every day brings different


circumstances. Michael arrives at the docks in


plenty of time. The horses are transferred into specially designed


livestock containers before being loaded safely on board. With


another cargo was safely delivered he can head back to Kelso. The


horses are soon on their way to their new home. Next week, we will


join the team at the Doncaster of sales. Will there be any horses


This autumn a brand new trail opened giving unrivalled access to


the peaceful, undiscovered south shore of Loch Ness. It gives a new


perspective on an ADR which has long been a firm favourite of fans


of the outdoors. On an eight -- on an ADR. This is a fascinating place


spanning a huge period of our history. Spectacular works of


nature and tales of dark deeds and magic. One of Scotland's most


popular tourist attractions but most visitors only sea loch Ness


from the north shore. This new 28 mile trek hopes to change all that


and give people a chance to see a completely different side of Loch


Ness. The route starts at just outside Fort Augustus and travels


all the way to the outskirts of Inverness. It is a mixture of newly


built paths and well-worn routes. There are still some surviving


examples of engineering prowess like this magnificent bridge.


A dedicated team have been at the heart of the project since its


inception two year as a goal. It held appeal for the simplicity


and the fact it linked up existing trails. And it brings benefits to


the south side. Finally, in the long term, and I stress that, we


can link-up with a north side -- the north side and create a 360


degree trail. The trail is never far from the


show and there is a wealth of history along the way. -- never far


from the shore. An intriguing example is hidden behind these


trees. This house was originally a hunting lodge for noble gentleman


then home to a famous English mystic, astrologer, and magician,


once described as the most influential cultist of all time.


Alastair Crowley. In the 1970s it was sold to another equally


eccentric individual, led Zeppelin legend Jimmy Page. Further along


the route is a spectacular waterfall. The trail follows a very


steep when the road. It is appropriately known as the


corkscrew. -- steep, winding road. Dominating the views are these


massive cracks. The sight of an Iron Age fort. High up on the


Hell's the route takes on a very different character. -- higher up


on the hill. This is the fair Here's flat -- this is the fair


haired lad spa. The trail has been designed for walkers and cyclists.


But there is another option. Andy Cameron of runs this riding school.


-- can be Cameron. She is a keen horse rider and one of the team it


-- one of the team responsible for this trail.


I love to do my riding you. There is less infrastructure and that is


The village of doors is six miles from the end of the it. -- the


village of Taurus. -- Dores. This 28 mile trail as so much to offer.


History, wildlife, adventure. There are plans to link it with the north


side meaning that the possibilities I cannot wait to be able to do a


complete look of Loch Ness. It will become a must do root in Scotland.


Just time to tell you what is coming on next week's programme.


Scotland's ski centres gear up for what they hope will be a bumper


winter. And 40 years on the end of the steel rope - the life of a


rescue helicopter winchman. I am never scared. We're


The Landward team explore the new trail on the south shore of Loch Ness, go trucking with Scotland's top horse transporter and meet the Dumfries and Galloway company using fish to grow vegetables.

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