Dathlu 20 Mlynedd Ffermio


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Dathlu 20 Mlynedd

Ail-fyw rhai o uchafbwyntiau'r gyfres a rhai o adegau mwyaf pryderus y diwydiant gan weld sut mae amaeth wedi newid dros yr 20 mlynedd diwethaf. Celebrating 20 years of Ffermio.


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-At the start of a new year,

-we must look to the future...

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-..and try to regain the ground

-lost in 1996.

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-The developments here

-at Carmarthen mart...

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-..lay strong foundations

-for the coming years.

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-At the conference in Oxford, farmers

-are discussing the way forward...

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-..to get the best out of 1997.

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-As the industry worries about

-the future for young farmers...

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-..we'll hear from a group

-who went to Belgium...

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-..to find out

-what's happening on the Continent.

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-Welcome to Ffermio.

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-Happy new year

-and welcome to Ffermio in 2017.

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-Before we embark on a new year

-of agricultural stories...

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-..we go for a trip down memory lane.

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-This programme is celebrating

-its 20th birthday this year.

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-In this special programme...

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-..we'll look back at some of the

-agricultural headlines since 1997.

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-Sulwyn Thomas, Gerallt Pennant

-and Rachael Garside...

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-..were the first presenters.

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-On the first programme on Wednesday

-night, 8 January, 20 years ago...

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-..BSE was troubling farmers.

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-A year ago exactly,

-Health Minister Stephen Dorrell...

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-..gave a fateful statement to the

-farming industry in Parliament...

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-..about a possible link...

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-..between the latest cases of

-a new strain of CJD and eating beef.

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-The committee has concluded

-that the most likely explanation...

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-I think we were the only

-agricultural programme...

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-..on the television

-throughout the UK at that time.

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-That caused problems for some.

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-They didn't like...

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-..that there were three presenters

-without any farming experience.

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-It caused problems for one company.

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-They'd told people not to contribute

-as we didn't know anything.

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-But they didn't know what we had.

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-We had consultants and experts.

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-We had a great team.

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-But most of all,

-we emphasized from the start...

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-..that Ffermio

-was a journalistic programme...

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-..that would challenge people

-involved in farming.

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-To do that, you needed journalists.

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-BSE was under control at last.

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-It was at its worst in 1992,

-with almost 4,000 cases in Wales.

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-That figure

-went down to 600 last year.

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-This year so far,

-there have only been seven cases.

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-The most important thing for us

-on Ffermio from the start...

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-..is that we reflect

-Welsh farmers' views...

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-..and we focus

-on the events and subjects...

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-..that matter to agriculture

-and the countryside.

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-People certainly had their say

-on Ffermio's Forum.

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-Welcome to a special edition

-of Ffermio - Ffermio's Forum.

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-We're at Theatr Felinfach.

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-Behind me are 200 farmers

-and people involved in farming.

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-In front of them,

-Bob Parry, president of the FUW...

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-..Elinor Keatley from Milk Marque...

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-..Meuric Rees,

-president of the RWAS...

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-..and John Lloyd Jones,

-president of NFU Cymru.

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-For a forum, you need questions.

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-We'll start in Ceredigion with

-Lloyd Jones from Llanddewi Brefi.

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-He has the first question.

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-Good evening.

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-The age of rural farmers

-goes up every year.

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-Why then can't we take advantage...

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-..of money offered

-through the European Community...

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-..to farmers

-who want to take early retirement?

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-I'm about to retire.

-Maybe I should have retired already.

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-My mind is starting to go

-and a computer is needed these days.

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-It will be hard

-to leave the old home.

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-It's important

-that young farmers especially...

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-..get the opportunity to see how

-farming is done in other countries.

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-Gerallt got the opportunity

-in the very first programme...

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-..to join a group of young farmers

-on a trip to Belgium.

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-It was very interesting

-going to Brussels.

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-We mentioned

-the history of Brussels...

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-..but we did that through the eyes

-of the young farmers.

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-It's interesting to look back

-at those enthusiastic faces.

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-They're still involved

-in the industry...

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-..people like Derek Rees

-and John Davies.

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-They were starting their careers

-in agricultural politics.

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-At the time,

-Euros Jones from Llangernyw...

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-..was working for the NFU

-in Brussels.

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-People pronounced his name

-more like the currency!

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-He knew on which doors to knock.

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-More importantly,

-he knew which doors to open...

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-..so these people could see how

-the organization worked in Europe.

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-It's significant

-that the story has changed...

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-..and that Europe again

-is very prominent in farmers' minds.

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-The farmer has a quota of 400,000

-litres and milks 60 cattle.

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-A personal look at the situation

-for European farmers...

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-..is an eye-opener

-for the Welsh farmers...

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-..and raises important questions.

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-The first item I did for Ffermio...

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-..was about scanning rams

-at Gelli Aur college near Llandeilo.

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-Before I started on Ffermio,

-I'd never been on a farm...

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-..not to mention

-being anywhere near a ram.

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-I was a journalist from Cardiff.

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-I turned up in brand-new wellies.

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-A farmer asked me where I came from.

-I told him I came from Cardiff.

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-"There aren't many rams in Cardiff,"

-was his reply.

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-He'd seen through me

-but I learned so much.

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-I read the Farmers Weekly

-and the Farmers Guardian.

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-Gradually,

-I got to know the subject well.

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-For three years

-in Gelli Aur near Llandeilo...

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-..the college has implemented the

-strategy using Welsh Mountain rams.

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-There are 150 over the winter

-here this year.

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-What strikes me...

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-..is how many agricultural stories

-20 years ago...

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-..were at the front

-of the news agenda.

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-Various protests...

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-..and things like British beef being

-banned throughout Europe after BSE.

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-However, now,

-the same problems persist...

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-..but they're not given the

-same attention and I don't know why.

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-The world feels like it's changed.

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-The end of the 1990s

-saw many protests.

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-Farmers were angered

-by many government decisions.

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-A quarter of a million went to

-London in support of rural rights.

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-As things became heated

-during the protests...

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-..one man came to the fore as the

-leader and a voice for common sense.

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-Brynle Williams became known

-to most of us in 2000...

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-..when he led the protest in Stanlow

-against the rise in fuel prices.

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-But he'd been protesting

-before then.

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-He was a part of the campaign

-in Liverpool 40 years ago...

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-..to try and secure better prices

-for farmers for their meat.

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-In 1997, he protested in Holyhead.

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-They come this way, right?

-Do you all agree?

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-Right.

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-Five o'clock in the morning,

-we're gone.

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-All lorries will be held over there

-until five o'clock tomorrow morning.

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-It was three in the morning.

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-I'm not sure how I got in.

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-I remember a policeman

-put a hand on my shoulder.

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-"Come with us," he said.

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-We went into the port office.

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-The next thing, I was standing

-next to Inspector Gerry Jones.

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-I remember that Gerry Jones

-was the Inspector's name.

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-I heard on the radio

-that farmers had entered the port.

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-"Go," he said.

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-There was a man

-from Stena, I think...

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-..who denied

-that any meat was being imported.

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-When I went into the port,

-there were three lorries.

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-One had Silver Burger on its side.

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-It would scare anyone...

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-..seeing 2,000 farmers

-shouting and making noise.

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-He couldn't get to the ferry.

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-It took eight or nine minutes

-to remove the meat.

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-The farmers were delighted.

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-The meat was thrown into the sea.

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-I remember going on the Tuesday

-to Cheshunt in Hertfordshire...

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-..to Tesco's head office.

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-Terry Leahy

-denied it was their meat.

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-I chucked a box on the table.

-I think I still have that box.

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-I told him I'd taken the box

-from his lorry on Sunday night.

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-But it wasn't these protests...

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-..that made the press and

-politicians take notice of Brynle.

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-That happened 11 years ago.

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-He'd had enough with

-the steep increase in fuel prices.

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-He decided to act.

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-After a stormy meeting, he led

-protesters to Stanlow oil refinery.

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-They prevented lorries from entering

-or leaving for almost a week.

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-Over the past seven years, I've...

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-My heart...

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-There's something special

-about representing people.

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-Talking to people whose voice...

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-My mouth is a lot bigger!

0:10:530:10:55

-You know...

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-..helping someone

-is an honour and a privilege.

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-A big honour.

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-Anyone can stand there ranting,

-swearing and being loud.

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-But you have a duty when you stand

-in front of 2,000 men.

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-It's no use saying,

-"Righto, boys, let's go!"

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-You have to think it through

-and think why you're there.

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-What do you want to achieve?

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-What do you expect to get out of it?

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-Not you personally.

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-That's what I saw with the fuel.

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-That's what I saw with the beef.

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-It affected my family,

-my neighbours and my rural area.

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-If people

-want to call that politics...

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-..then I'm very proud

-to be a part of it.

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-.

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-Subtitles

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-Subtitles

-

-Subtitles

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-At the end of the 1990s...

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-..the Welsh Assembly was responsible

-for Welsh agriculture.

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-It's not a question

-of how I've handled it...

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-..it's how the situation

-has evolved.

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-Christine Gwyther was

-the first Agriculture Secretary.

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-Before long,

-Carwyn Jones was appointed.

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-That was in the year 2000.

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-He went on to study law

-at Aberystwyth University.

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-There, he was chairman

-of the Labour Club.

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-That sealed an interest

-in politics...

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-..that was started by

-the miners' strike in the 1980s.

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-After working as a barrister

-in Cardiff and Swansea...

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-..he became a full-time politician

-taking the Assembly's Bridgend seat.

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-He was named Agriculture Secretary

-on the eve of the Royal Welsh Show.

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-That was after a period on the

-assembly's agriculture committee.

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-At the start,

-I read a lot about farming.

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-I had to learn a lot

-about all the European schemes.

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-I did that.

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-By now, I hope I understand

-what is going on.

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-Things can change very quickly

-in agriculture.

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-The other thing I do

-is read the farming press...

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-..to keep up

-with what the industry thinks.

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-Within six months, Carwyn Jones

-would face a huge challenge...

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-..as Minister for Rural Affairs...

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-..in one of the darkest periods

-for agriculture across the UK.

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-First tonight, the news that

-a case of Foot & Mouth disease...

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-..has been discovered

-in Essex, England.

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-David Thomas, the Veterinary Manager

-of West Wales...

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-..for the Agriculture Department

-explains more.

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-At the moment, we know the disease

-has hit two places in Essex.

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-The first was in an abattoir and

-the second in the farm next to it.

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-Without doubt,

-the most turbulent time...

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-..and most interesting

-for us as a team...

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-..was the terrible period

-of the Foot & Mouth outbreak.

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-We weren't allowed

-to even visit farms.

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-We were confined to a studio.

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-That was an unfamiliar experience

-for some of us.

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-We were used to wandering and

-a little frightened of a studio.

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-It was going to be twice a week

-for a long period.

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-I enjoyed it in the end.

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-One of the most important things

-about that was that we'd grown...

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-..to be a programme that provided

-a full service to farmers.

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-We gave out advice and information.

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-We were also very fortunate that the

-Agriculture Minister spoke Welsh...

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-..as were the heads of the unions.

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-The Chief Veterinary Officer

-also spoke Welsh.

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-These weren't secondary sources.

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-We got information

-from the absolute source.

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-We could keep people informed.

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-MAFF's Chief Veterinary Officer,

-Jim Scudamore...

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-..has said the current outbreak

-is worse than the one in the 1960s.

0:15:260:15:30

-What is your opinion on how

-the disease is being treated?

0:15:300:15:33

-Give us a ring on 01558 823 828.

0:15:330:15:36

-We have a panel of special guests

-joining us in the studio.

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-Gerallt is in Tafarn Y Rhos,

-Rhostrehwfa on Anglesey.

0:15:400:15:44

-Hearing the words Foot & Mouth

-is scary enough.

0:15:450:15:48

-I was in Scotland

-and rushed back to Wales.

0:15:480:15:51

-The production team

-had to find a way...

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-..to describe the spread

-of the disease.

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-We had to do that without risking

-the spread of the disease.

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-Anglesey was one of the first Welsh

-counties to suffer a diagnosis.

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-I remember broadcasting

-from North Wales...

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-..with Menai Bridge

-in the background.

0:16:080:16:11

-We tried to collect some experts.

0:16:110:16:13

-People were desperate

-for information.

0:16:130:16:15

-Vets, farmers, obviously and experts

-who could spread the news.

0:16:160:16:20

-The news was very sad

-to have to relay and listen to.

0:16:200:16:23

-We had to be responsible.

0:16:230:16:25

-If there was even a suggestion

-we were spreading the disease...

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-..by visiting all of Wales...

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-..that would be very poor

-for an agricultural programme.

0:16:310:16:35

-Unfortunately, this was

-the strongest form of the virus.

0:16:410:16:44

-Type O, named Pan-Asian.

0:16:440:16:46

-In no time at all, it threatened

-every corner of the country.

0:16:470:16:50

-Two days after discovering

-the first case...

0:16:580:17:01

-..Agriculture Minister Nick Brown...

0:17:010:17:03

-..announced a ban

-on moving any livestock.

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-All the markets closed instantly.

0:17:070:17:09

-Agriculture was in crisis.

0:17:090:17:12

-By 25 February,

-fallen stock was being burned...

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-..with thousands more

-waiting to be culled.

0:17:190:17:22

-Government gave local authorities

-the right to close public footpaths.

0:17:230:17:28

-Soon after that,

-the countryside was all shut down.

0:17:280:17:32

-I have to say,

-the Foot & Mouth outbreak...

0:17:330:17:37

-..back in 2001 lives in my memory.

0:17:370:17:40

-It was a very busy period,

-obviously.

0:17:400:17:43

-I think that's the biggest challenge

-I've had in my career.

0:17:430:17:47

-As a journalist, it's important

-to be neutral and dispassionate.

0:17:470:17:52

-You shouldn't get too close

-to a subject.

0:17:520:17:55

-It was almost impossible

-during that period.

0:17:550:17:58

-I remember interviewing a farmer

-during a live programme.

0:17:580:18:02

-It was a phone interview.

0:18:020:18:03

-He was explaining

-how the animals were killed.

0:18:030:18:06

-The farmer was crying

-and I could feel myself welling up.

0:18:060:18:10

-I remember being glad that

-I wasn't on camera at that point.

0:18:100:18:14

-On 27 February...

0:18:150:18:17

-..the first case was confirmed

-at an abattoir in Anglesey.

0:18:170:18:21

-3,000 sheep were culled there.

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-The virus spread quickly.

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-The following day,

-two new cases came to light.

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-This time, they were in Powys.

0:18:340:18:35

-Farmers called on the government

-to extend the cull...

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-..to include animals

-suspected of having the disease...

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-..and animals on farms

-bordering infected farms.

0:18:430:18:46

-As the situation worsened, everyone

-was looking for someone to blame.

0:18:460:18:50

-The Assembly

-was an obvious target...

0:18:510:18:53

-..particularly the minister

-responsible for rural affairs.

0:18:530:18:57

-The Assembly

-doesn't have responsibility...

0:18:580:19:01

-..for a disease like this one.

0:19:010:19:03

-This is currently the responsibility

-of DEFRA in England and Wales.

0:19:030:19:07

-SVS have been speaking

-to the local authorities...

0:19:080:19:11

-..about moving the plan forward.

0:19:110:19:13

-People meet with Assembly staff

-every day and then expect...

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-..that the Assembly and the minister

-would have legal power.

0:19:170:19:21

-Having said that, my opinions

-were taken into account by DEFRA.

0:19:210:19:26

-There was very little disagreement

-between both sides.

0:19:270:19:30

-It was important to go around Wales

-and speak to farmers.

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-I've been to Anglesey, Powys

-and the grazers on the Beacons.

0:19:340:19:38

-That's very important.

0:19:390:19:41

-The agricultural unions...

0:19:420:19:43

-..had been in the midst

-of the crisis since the start.

0:19:440:19:48

-They had the task of influencing

-government policy at every level.

0:19:480:19:52

-We had quite an influence...

0:19:540:19:56

-..from February

-up until the election in June.

0:19:560:19:59

-Since then, none at all.

0:20:000:20:02

-But at the end of March

-up until the start of May...

0:20:020:20:08

-..when they postponed the election.

0:20:080:20:12

-I was in with the Prime Minister

-nine times in a three-week period.

0:20:130:20:17

-That was an experience

-to begin with.

0:20:170:20:20

-That's how close

-to the heart of government I was.

0:20:200:20:25

-On the Ministry of Defence's land

-at Sennybridge...

0:20:260:20:29

-..work began on digging a huge hole

-for 200,000 bodies.

0:20:300:20:33

-Due to the size of the hole...

0:20:330:20:35

-..it was clear bodies from other

-areas would be brought to the Epynt.

0:20:350:20:40

-Local people were furious.

0:20:400:20:42

-In the first instance,

-the local people were frightened.

0:20:440:20:47

-They were frightened

-of catching the disease.

0:20:470:20:50

-We counted up the number of farmers

-who have boundaries with the Epynt.

0:20:510:20:57

-We'd counted up

-about 500 young farmers...

0:20:570:21:02

-..who made a living from the Epynt.

0:21:020:21:06

-That was all going to go.

0:21:060:21:09

-On 10 April, another blow landed.

0:21:160:21:19

-Following cases near Llanelwedd,

-the Royal Welsh Show was cancelled.

0:21:190:21:23

-The news was a big disappointment

-for farmers.

0:21:240:21:27

-It was also a disaster for tourism.

0:21:280:21:30

-The Royal Welsh Show and Showground

-bring in 30 million a year...

0:21:310:21:35

-..for the local economy.

0:21:360:21:37

-The local businesses suffered

-from the losses for years to come.

0:21:380:21:42

-It wasn't just rural businesses

-that suffered.

0:21:450:21:48

-The capital city suffered too...

0:21:480:21:50

-..after 6 Nations rugby matches

-were postponed.

0:21:510:21:54

-Cardiff lost millions of pounds.

0:21:540:21:57

-The Urdd organization

-suffered due to the virus.

0:22:030:22:07

-That was during one of

-their busiest periods of the year.

0:22:070:22:11

-Another thing I remember following

-the Foot & Mouth outbreak...

0:22:120:22:16

-..as television crews...

0:22:160:22:17

-..we had to be totally conscientious

-about bio security.

0:22:170:22:21

-We always had special wellingtons

-in the car.

0:22:210:22:24

-We had buckets

-and a huge bottle of disinfectant.

0:22:240:22:27

-We were incredibly careful.

0:22:270:22:29

-Had we not been,

-it could be a disaster.

0:22:290:22:31

-In addition to the reporting...

0:22:310:22:33

-..we came face to face

-with people in crisis.

0:22:330:22:36

-We had to remember that.

0:22:360:22:38

-People were looking into the abyss.

0:22:390:22:42

-There was a threat

-to their livelihood.

0:22:420:22:46

-It was quite a sobering thing

-to witness.

0:22:460:22:49

-After two uncertain months, farmers

-were under a lot of pressure.

0:22:500:22:54

-Leaving the industry

-was the answer for some.

0:22:540:22:57

-The compensation

-was a help to take that step.

0:22:570:23:01

-Many farmers were fed up

-with working long hours...

0:23:010:23:05

-..with no holidays

-only to face an uncertain future.

0:23:050:23:08

-A survey in the Farmers Weekly...

0:23:080:23:11

-..showed that 40% of farmers

-considered giving up...

0:23:110:23:14

-..or at the very least cutting back.

0:23:150:23:17

-Stress was the main factor

-behind their decision.

0:23:170:23:21

-It was teamwork.

0:23:220:23:23

-As the programme's team,

-we were living through it.

0:23:230:23:27

-We were broadcasting live

-twice a week.

0:23:280:23:30

-We got a sense of it from hearing

-these heart-wrenching stories...

0:23:300:23:34

-..every day about what

-was happening in the countryside.

0:23:340:23:38

-By the end, it felt like

-we were offering a service...

0:23:390:23:42

-..for people who were going through

-this terrible thing at that time.

0:23:420:23:46

-The phones were ringing

-all through the programme.

0:23:460:23:49

-The crew would answer the phones

-and still be talking...

0:23:490:23:53

-..long after the programme

-had finished.

0:23:530:23:56

-People needed to talk.

0:23:560:23:58

-At the time,

-we could offer them an ear.

0:23:580:24:02

-The final cases of the disease

-in Wales...

0:24:030:24:06

-..came on 9 August in Brecon...

0:24:060:24:08

-..and three days later

-in Crickhowell.

0:24:090:24:11

-During the crisis,

-there were 118 cases in Wales.

0:24:110:24:15

-After eight years

-presenting Ffermio...

0:24:170:24:21

-..Sulwyn, Rachael and Gerallt's

-period came to an end in 2004.

0:24:210:24:26

-I have to say

-that I had a lot of fun on Ffermio.

0:24:260:24:31

-I met so many characters,

-here in Wales and abroad.

0:24:310:24:36

-I got so many opportunities.

0:24:360:24:38

-I can be totally honest and say

-presenting Ffermio changed my life.

0:24:380:24:44

-I haven't regretted it at all.

0:24:440:24:46

-It was an honour and a pleasure.

0:24:460:24:49

-The wellies are a bit dirtier

-by now.

0:24:490:24:52

-For their last item

-in their last programme in 2004...

0:24:540:24:58

-..Sulwyn and Gerallt travelled

-to London for the Smithfield Show.

0:24:580:25:03

-Strangely, what I remember most

-from my eight years with Ffermio...

0:25:040:25:11

-..was the final programme we made

-as a team of presenters at the time.

0:25:110:25:16

-It was at the Smithfield,

-what was the last Smithfield Show.

0:25:160:25:20

-I remember two things.

0:25:200:25:22

-An Irishman coming up to me

-and damning me...

0:25:220:25:25

-..and telling me this and that.

0:25:250:25:27

-I thought,

-"There's something wrong here."

0:25:280:25:30

-That Irishman

-watched Ffermio every week...

0:25:300:25:33

-..and something had gone wrong

-with the subtitles.

0:25:330:25:37

-He was furious!

0:25:370:25:39

-But he proved a point.

0:25:390:25:41

-Ffermio had an audience

-beyond Wales.

0:25:420:25:45

-It was acceptable beyond Wales.

0:25:450:25:47

-It was an important service.

0:25:480:25:50

-The other thing I remember...

0:25:500:25:52

-..at the last Smithfield

-was that there was some drama.

0:25:520:25:56

-Who had gone and bought

-the best bullock in the show?

0:25:570:26:00

-Wil Williams from Machynlleth.

0:26:010:26:03

-He was a real character.

0:26:030:26:05

-We had some real fun at the time.

0:26:050:26:08

-That eased the fact that it was our

-last programme as a presenting team.

0:26:080:26:14

-Are you glad that you came down?

0:26:150:26:16

-Are you glad that you came down?

-

-You have to come down.

0:26:160:26:18

-It's his birthday in a week.

0:26:180:26:20

-We've got him a birthday present.

0:26:200:26:22

-What can you buy a man

-that's got everything?

0:26:230:26:25

-Merry Christmas.

0:26:260:26:28

-Season of goodwill

-and here they are - Wil and Wil!

0:26:280:26:31

-Hammer's up. Any more? 3,000.

-We sell away at 3,000.

0:26:340:26:38

-That's it from the Smithfield.

0:26:390:26:41

-It's also it for this series.

-Ffermio will be back in February.

0:26:410:26:45

-There will be

-a new team of presenters.

0:26:450:26:47

-Before we say goodbye...

0:26:470:26:49

-..we have to thank you

-for your company over the years.

0:26:490:26:53

-On a personal note...

0:26:530:26:54

-..thank you for the warm welcome

-we've had from so many of you.

0:26:540:26:58

-I'd like to second those sentiments.

0:26:590:27:01

-All we have left to do

-on behalf of the team...

0:27:010:27:04

-..is wish you all a merry Christmas

-and a happy new year.

0:27:040:27:07

-.

0:27:080:27:08

-Subtitles

0:27:110:27:11

-Subtitles

-

-Subtitles

0:27:110:27:13

-A new series, new faces.

-Ffermio is back with a new service.

0:27:400:27:44

-This is Welshpool mart.

0:27:440:27:45

-Like all marts, it's a place to meet

-and to chat for rural people.

0:27:460:27:50

-On Ffermio,

-we'll be showing and analysing...

0:27:500:27:52

-..what's happening

-in farming and the countryside...

0:27:530:27:56

-..and offering

-a more comprehensive service.

0:27:560:27:59

-At the start of 2005...

0:27:590:28:00

-..Alun, Iola Wyn, Mererid Wigley and

-myself started presenting Ffermio.

0:28:010:28:05

-The first item I did

-was about fishing.

0:28:050:28:08

-I cast using Nica Prichard's rod.

0:28:080:28:11

-Half of it

-disappeared into the River Nevern!

0:28:120:28:14

-But things have improved since then.

0:28:150:28:16

-But things have improved since then.

-

-A little!

0:28:160:28:17

-One thing's for sure, the weather

-is a challenge for many farmers.

0:28:180:28:22

-It was a subject for Iola Wyn

-in 2010.

0:28:220:28:25

-It's been a difficult period

-across Wales because of the snow.

0:28:260:28:31

-People haven't been able

-to go to work.

0:28:320:28:34

-Schools, minor roads

-and even shops have been shut.

0:28:340:28:38

-But whatever the weather,

-farm work must continue.

0:28:380:28:42

-It looks pretty, but the snow

-brings another challenge...

0:28:540:28:58

-..to those

-who work daily on the farm.

0:28:580:29:01

-With minor roads not being gritted,

-many farms have been closed off.

0:29:010:29:06

-Vehicles haven't been able

-to enter or leave.

0:29:060:29:09

-It's a problem for farmers

-who need feed for their animals...

0:29:100:29:14

-..or who require vets.

0:29:140:29:16

-No-one is more dependent on the

-roads being open than dairy farmers.

0:29:160:29:20

-Arwyn Bowen had no choice

-but to dispose of his milk...

0:29:200:29:24

-..when the milk tanker failed

-to reach his Treto Uchaf Farm...

0:29:240:29:28

-..near Carmarthen over the new year.

0:29:280:29:30

-The tanker failed to arrive twice.

0:29:310:29:33

-We've had to throw that milk away.

0:29:330:29:36

-It's not a good feeling to see

-the milk go down the slurry pit.

0:29:360:29:41

-Especially when,

-like I heard yesterday...

0:29:420:29:45

-..farmers need to produce

-more food cheaply.

0:29:450:29:48

-It doesn't make sense

-to get rid of the milk.

0:29:480:29:51

-There should be a way these days

-of taking the milk.

0:29:510:29:55

-Ffermio

-is firmly rooted in rural Wales.

0:29:550:29:58

-But, sometimes, you have to travel

-to follow a story.

0:29:580:30:02

-When Meat Promotion Wales

-went to market Welsh lamb...

0:30:020:30:06

-..in the Middle East,

-Mererid went too.

0:30:060:30:10

-Hello and welcome to Ffermio.

0:30:110:30:13

-I'm the other side of the world

-in Dubai...

0:30:130:30:16

-..one of the most important

-trade centres in the Middle East.

0:30:160:30:19

-It's also becoming

-increasingly important to Wales.

0:30:200:30:23

-Dubai is one of the seven states...

0:30:240:30:27

-..that make up

-the United Arab Emirates.

0:30:270:30:29

-They were created when Britain

-withdrew from the Gulf in 1971.

0:30:300:30:34

-Its long, sandy beaches and

-numerous shops are world renowned.

0:30:340:30:38

-Of its million inhabitants,

-three quarters of them are expats.

0:30:380:30:43

-The Gulfood Exhibition...

0:30:510:30:53

-..is one of the world's most

-important food and drink festivals.

0:30:530:30:57

-It's held every two years...

0:30:570:30:59

-..and offers the best access to

-the Middle East's huge food market.

0:30:590:31:03

-With over 30,000 visitors

-from 150 different countries...

0:31:040:31:08

-..this festival has huge potential.

0:31:080:31:10

-Over 2,200 companies

-from 70 countries...

0:31:100:31:14

-..are exhibiting their produce

-at this year's Gulfood.

0:31:140:31:18

-Many of the countries

-are new to the festival...

0:31:180:31:21

-..each one wanting

-to take advantage of the market.

0:31:220:31:25

-Wales has made sure

-it doesn't miss out.

0:31:250:31:27

-Meat Promotion Wales

-has already succeeded...

0:31:280:31:30

-..in introducing Welsh lamb

-to this market...

0:31:300:31:33

-..and considers it

-an important exhibition.

0:31:330:31:36

-We're lucky on Ffermio.

0:31:360:31:38

-We get to meet interesting

-characters all year round...

0:31:380:31:42

-..as well as seeing

-some beautiful scenery.

0:31:420:31:45

-In the next item,

-there's a bit of both.

0:31:450:31:48

-It's four miles from Porth Meudwy

-to the gully on Bardsey Island.

0:31:500:31:54

-Today, it's wilder than usual.

-The wind is coming from the north.

0:31:550:31:59

-The sea's salty taste is good.

0:32:000:32:02

-There are eight people

-living on the island.

0:32:080:32:11

-In the summer months,

-Colin and Gareth are neighbours...

0:32:110:32:14

-..away from the world's problems.

0:32:150:32:18

-To a great degree, you are both

-dependent on each other.

0:32:190:32:25

-You have to work together.

0:32:250:32:27

-It works very well.

0:32:280:32:29

-Everyone has to work together

-in the countryside, to a degree.

0:32:290:32:34

-Maybe more so here...

0:32:340:32:35

-..since the sea impedes

-the movement of people and machines.

0:32:360:32:40

-It makes things more complicated.

0:32:400:32:43

-You must both be a special breed

-to live on the island.

0:32:440:32:50

-It helps

-to have a good sense of humour!

0:32:510:32:54

-Both of us must have a sentiment

-for the place. That must help.

0:32:560:33:02

-We have a desire to be here -

-to be a part of the place.

0:33:020:33:07

-That helps the situation.

0:33:070:33:11

-We don't have to be here,

-but we want to be here.

0:33:120:33:15

-One story that's remained

-since Ffermio started...

0:33:260:33:30

-..is tuberculosis, TB.

0:33:300:33:31

-The disease

-has spread in recent years...

0:33:320:33:34

-..especially

-in some areas in the south...

0:33:340:33:37

-..which has led to the culling

-of thousands of cattle...

0:33:370:33:41

-..and distress

-for farmers and their families.

0:33:410:33:44

-But back in 2003, when Sulwyn

-interviewed Carwyn Jones...

0:33:440:33:48

-..he believed the situation

-could be dealt with fairly swiftly.

0:33:480:33:52

-The situation is frightening.

0:33:520:33:54

-There are 50 affected farms

-in Powys...

0:33:540:33:57

-..not to mention Carmarthenshire,

-Pembrokeshire and other areas.

0:33:570:34:01

-The way to deal with that...

0:34:010:34:03

-..is to arrange with SVS vets,

-as we have done...

0:34:030:34:06

-..to ramp up on the testing.

0:34:070:34:09

-We hope this will be quashed

-in a month or two.

0:34:090:34:14

-When Elin Jones took the reins

-as Minister for Rural Affairs...

0:34:140:34:18

-..there was hope for farmers...

0:34:180:34:20

-..that there would be a badger cull

-in some areas.

0:34:210:34:24

-Did it take you a year to choose

-north Pembrokeshire as the site?

0:34:250:34:29

-It wasn't a shock

-that this area was chosen.

0:34:290:34:31

-This wasn't the only decision

-I had to make.

0:34:320:34:36

-The area, the method

-and who would undertake the work...

0:34:360:34:41

-..were all decisions

-I had to make.

0:34:410:34:45

-I'm sure

-that many of your viewers...

0:34:450:34:48

-..think they could have made

-those decisions sat on their sofas.

0:34:480:34:52

-A year is a long time.

0:34:520:34:54

-Yes,

-but I had to commission research...

0:34:540:34:57

-..that gave me the scientific basis

-to make a firm decision...

0:34:580:35:04

-..and the ability

-to defend my decision...

0:35:040:35:07

-..in the face

-of opposition in the Assembly...

0:35:080:35:11

-..and potentially in a court case.

0:35:110:35:14

-However, despite all the hope,

-there was a change of government...

0:35:140:35:18

-..and with that,

-another new minister.

0:35:190:35:21

-Elin Jones left and John Griffiths

-was appointed to do her work.

0:35:210:35:27

-After a long consultation process...

0:35:300:35:32

-..the government has decided

-not to continue the badger cull...

0:35:330:35:37

-..in the pilot area

-in north Pembrokeshire.

0:35:370:35:40

-Instead, they'll embark on

-a five-year vaccination programme...

0:35:410:35:44

-..to begin in the next few months.

0:35:450:35:47

-The legal obstacles

-to the culling scheme...

0:35:470:35:50

-..were an important consideration

-according to the minister.

0:35:500:35:53

-Those legal hurdles are still there.

0:35:540:35:56

-We've had the science review

-which shows levels of uncertainty...

0:35:560:36:00

-..in terms

-of any course of action.

0:36:000:36:03

-We have to balance against

-the expected benefit of a cull...

0:36:030:36:07

-..the likely benefits

-from badger vaccination.

0:36:070:36:11

-Despite all the discussion at the

-Assembly, not much had changed...

0:36:110:36:15

-..when I visited Gethin Havard

-in the Sennybridge are.

0:36:150:36:19

-The latest plans

-by John Griffiths AM...

0:36:190:36:22

-..didn't fill him with much hope

-for a quick solution.

0:36:220:36:26

-At the start of the year,

-Gethin Havard and his family...

0:36:270:36:30

-..received news

-that no farmer wants to hear.

0:36:310:36:33

-Eleven of their cattle

-were infected with tuberculosis.

0:36:330:36:37

-Since then, the farm,

-like many others across Wales...

0:36:370:36:40

-..has been banned

-from selling and moving stock.

0:36:400:36:44

-It has been a very difficult

-experience for them.

0:36:440:36:47

-If we can't eradicate this disease

-in the coming months...

0:36:480:36:51

-..we may have to change

-the system...

0:36:510:36:54

-..and go from selling suckler calves

-to fattening cattle.

0:36:540:36:58

-We don't have the hay

-or the buildings, so we can't do it.

0:36:580:37:01

-We might

-have to get rid of all our cattle.

0:37:010:37:05

-That's what I worry about

-more than anything.

0:37:050:37:08

-I hope the cattle don't disappear

-before the disease does.

0:37:080:37:11

-That's quite a statement.

0:37:120:37:13

-That's quite a statement.

-

-Yes, it's very serious.

0:37:130:37:14

-We've heard all the stories.

0:37:150:37:17

-I have to say, our spirits

-were raised a few years ago...

0:37:170:37:21

-..when Elin Jones announced...

0:37:210:37:23

-..that something would be done

-about bovine TB...

0:37:230:37:26

-..and that badgers would be culled

-in areas of West Wales.

0:37:270:37:30

-An announcement has recently

-been made by John Griffiths AM...

0:37:310:37:35

-..about vaccinating badgers.

0:37:350:37:37

-Does that give you any hope

-for the future?

0:37:380:37:40

-We're disappointed

-but not surprised.

0:37:400:37:43

-This is the Labour Party, after all.

0:37:440:37:46

-We had some experience with them

-during the Foot & Mouth outbreak.

0:37:470:37:51

-We're still

-paying the price today...

0:37:510:37:54

-..for the way

-they failed to respond then.

0:37:540:37:57

-It looks like the same thing

-will happen with TB.

0:37:580:38:00

-Money is being spent

-but we're not getting anywhere.

0:38:010:38:05

-Is that a confirmed reactor, Neil?

0:38:080:38:11

-It's close, it's only just,

-but it is a reactor.

0:38:110:38:14

-She was clear the last time

-and the time before that.

0:38:140:38:17

-They've been in the sheds

-all winter...

0:38:180:38:20

-..so I don't know what's happened.

0:38:210:38:24

-There was a pattern.

0:38:240:38:25

-I could understand

-exactly where it had come from.

0:38:250:38:28

-I'm not sure what's happened now.

-This is terrible news.

0:38:290:38:32

-The bull is OK, thank goodness.

0:38:340:38:36

-The future

-is very bleak at the moment.

0:38:370:38:39

-I hope someone in Cardiff

-is re-evaluating the situation...

0:38:390:38:43

-..and realizing what's going on...

0:38:440:38:46

-..or there's no hope

-for these young kids.

0:38:460:38:49

-I hope they never have

-to put up with the nonsense...

0:38:490:38:53

-..that we're faced with, if they get

-an opportunity to keep cattle.

0:38:540:38:58

-.

0:39:030:39:03

-Subtitles

0:39:090:39:09

-Subtitles

-

-Subtitles

0:39:090:39:11

-At the start of 2011,

-Ffermio got a new team member.

0:39:140:39:18

-Maesteilo is a 450 acre farm.

0:39:190:39:22

-I live here with my parents

-and brother, Eirian.

0:39:220:39:25

-We keep around 150 cattle

-and 800 sheep.

0:39:260:39:29

-We have a variety

-of other creatures...

0:39:300:39:33

-..including horses, goats, pigs,

-donkeys and all kinds of poultry.

0:39:340:39:38

-At the start of 2012...

0:39:390:39:41

-..my brother went

-to shear sheep in New Zealand.

0:39:410:39:44

-A great experience for him.

0:39:450:39:47

-As a result, the rest of the family

-had more work.

0:39:470:39:50

-In addition to the variety

-of sheep on the farm...

0:39:510:39:54

-..I have my own flock

-of Balwen sheep.

0:39:540:39:56

-Over the year, I'm hoping

-to exhibit them at shows...

0:39:570:40:00

-..and sell a few

-at the autumn sales.

0:40:000:40:03

-My journey on Ffermio started

-as a runner and then a researcher.

0:40:050:40:10

-I directed a little and produced.

0:40:100:40:13

-The highlight for me,

-without a doubt...

0:40:130:40:16

-..was joining the presentation team.

0:40:160:40:19

-It was my favourite programme

-as a child.

0:40:190:40:21

-It's been great to have a chance...

0:40:220:40:24

-..to meet characters

-all over the country...

0:40:240:40:26

-..and learning something

-at every new place.

0:40:270:40:29

-I remember that first item

-as clear as a bell.

0:40:290:40:34

-An item with Wyn Davies

-at Dinefwr Park.

0:40:340:40:37

-He was so good

-because I was so nervous.

0:40:370:40:40

-I then had Emrys Lewis,

-the sheep scanner.

0:40:400:40:44

-I'll never forget the lamb with two

-legs. Two legs and two shoulders.

0:40:440:40:49

-And then an opportunity

-to present a diary from my home.

0:40:500:40:54

-We got to show what

-was going on in Maesteilo...

0:40:540:40:57

-..and the variety of animals there.

0:40:570:40:59

-That included my mother's favourite

-animals, George and Mildred.

0:40:590:41:03

-I've got an important job to do.

0:41:060:41:08

-I have to tame

-Mam's Christmas present.

0:41:090:41:12

-I'm going to need quite a lot

-of strength to complete this task!

0:41:120:41:16

-Off we go!

0:41:210:41:22

-Despite being small,

-they're quite a handful!

0:41:310:41:34

-They're lovely animals,

-but very stubborn.

0:41:340:41:37

-Something to raise a smile

-after quite a difficult day.

0:41:380:41:42

-We cover deep and serious subjects

-on Ffermio.

0:41:490:41:53

-We also get a chance to laugh.

0:41:530:41:55

-Humour is always important

-in the countryside.

0:41:550:41:58

-Here's what happened...

0:41:580:42:00

-..when Alun went to search

-for the farmer's best friend.

0:42:000:42:04

-The plain truth is, if your feet

-are wet and cold on a farm...

0:42:050:42:11

-..life just isn't worth living.

0:42:110:42:15

-Wellingtons!

0:42:150:42:18

-You may have your own name for them,

-but whatever it is...

0:42:180:42:23

-..these waterproof objects

-are a farmer's best friend.

0:42:230:42:29

-A farmer puts on his wellies first,

-then his pants!

0:42:490:42:53

-I've worn them for 60 years.

0:42:530:42:55

-Wellies are more important

-than pants!

0:42:560:42:58

-It's the last Thursday of the month.

-Llanybydder mart is buzzing.

0:43:110:43:15

-This place is full of horses

-and colourful characters.

0:43:150:43:19

-All this is great material

-for this gentleman.

0:43:190:43:24

-Are you drawing anything special?

0:43:350:43:37

-I've done quite a few.

0:43:380:43:40

-Some of these people are here now.

0:43:400:43:42

-It shows them

-talking about their business.

0:43:430:43:46

-You can see them

-discussing the horses.

0:43:460:43:48

-I used to come here as a child

-with my father.

0:43:480:43:53

-I've come occasionally since then.

0:43:540:43:58

-I've been coming here

-for sixty years.

0:43:580:44:00

-I've never seen any agricultural

-machines in your drawings.

0:44:010:44:07

-You always draw people and animals.

0:44:070:44:10

-Yes, that's right.

0:44:100:44:12

-I wouldn't even cross the road

-to look at a tractor.

0:44:120:44:16

-I'd be willing to walk a few miles

-to look at a horse.

0:44:170:44:20

-Why are you so fond of horses?

0:44:210:44:24

-Because of the way

-I was brought up on the farm.

0:44:240:44:28

-My father had a great interest

-in horses.

0:44:280:44:30

-He liked Cobs and mountain ponies.

0:44:300:44:33

-It goes back a few generations.

0:44:330:44:36

-The dog and the horse

-are my favourites.

0:44:370:44:41

-A working dog, that is.

0:44:410:44:43

-Yes, the dogs

-in which I take most interest...

0:44:440:44:47

-..are those in sheepdog trials.

0:44:470:44:50

-I have many friends who have

-specialized in sheepdog trials.

0:44:510:44:57

-You're in your element.

0:45:040:45:06

-Without a doubt.

-It gives me great pleasure.

0:45:060:45:09

-Does drawing ever feel like a chore?

0:45:090:45:11

-Do you feel

-that you have to paint every day?

0:45:120:45:15

-There's a phrase in English -

-"the driving force".

0:45:160:45:21

-I can tell you

-there is such a thing.

0:45:210:45:24

-It may sound odd...

0:45:240:45:25

-..but I almost feel guilty

-if I go a day without drawing.

0:45:260:45:30

-It's not because I feel I'm making

-a contribution to mankind.

0:45:310:45:35

-It's something I do for myself.

0:45:350:45:39

-I'd go as far as saying it's the

-purpose of my existence these days.

0:45:390:45:44

-I used to go to fairs

-to see the horses when I was young.

0:45:590:46:03

-We'd see a dozen different

-characters at the fair.

0:46:030:46:07

-They were a picture

-ready to be framed.

0:46:070:46:12

-There aren't many characters

-around any more.

0:46:120:46:15

-Country people,

-people of the land.

0:46:160:46:19

-They've grown from the land.

0:46:190:46:21

-Their posture makes you think

-they've almost turned into trees.

0:46:210:46:25

-They've all grown in one place.

0:46:250:46:27

-We've celebrated

-20 years of Ffermio.

0:46:300:46:33

-We hope you've enjoyed the journey

-over some of the highlights...

0:46:340:46:38

-..of the last 20 years.

0:46:380:46:39

-Indeed. The new series of Ffermio

-will begin on 16 January.

0:46:410:46:46

-We hope to have your company then.

0:46:460:46:48

-Before we go, we have

-to thank all who have given us...

0:46:490:46:53

-..such a warm welcome

-over the last 20 years.

0:46:530:46:57

-Thanks too for joining us here

-on Ffermio every Monday night.

0:46:570:47:01

-We really appreciate your support.

0:47:010:47:04

-That's it, all we have to do

-is wish you all a happy new year.

0:47:050:47:09

-Indeed.

0:47:100:47:11

-Indeed.

-

-Happy new year!

0:47:110:47:12

-# O dy hanes sy'n y lluniau

0:47:280:47:32

-# Mae nhw'n atgof ar y waliau

0:47:330:47:36

-# Ai dyma dy gartref?

0:47:380:47:41

-# O dy hanes sy'n y lluniau

0:47:420:47:45

-# Mae nhw'n atgof ar ein waliau

0:47:460:47:49

-# Ai dyma dy gartref yn dy gof? #

0:47:520:47:57

-S4C Subtitles by Testun Cyf.

0:48:130:48:15

-.

0:48:150:48:16

Ail-fyw rhai o uchafbwyntiau'r gyfres a rhai o adegau mwyaf pryderus y diwydiant gan weld sut mae amaeth wedi newid dros yr 20 mlynedd diwethaf. Celebrating 20 years of Ffermio.