Egyptology and 3D Pens Blue Peter


Egyptology and 3D Pens

Helen gets beneath the bandages of an ancient Egyptian mummy, while Barney gets taken around Monaco's famous Grand Prix circuit in a superfast electric car.


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you to lift your drawings off the page. The first look beneath the

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bandages of a 2000 year old mummy. And I am touring round the world 's

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most glamorous Formula one grand prix track. All coming up on today's

:00:30.:00:40.
:00:40.:00:59.

excited, but some people it is only one day until half term. That

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deserves a cheer! Some of you are already on half term, that

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definitely deserves a cheer. Welcome to the show. We are taking you on a

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journey back in time. Helen is looking beautiful here. I am dressed

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as in ancient Egyptian! We are also going into the future, and today's

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question is if you could time travel, where would you go and why?

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I bet you would go forward to teatime! Or to try and find that if

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cars will fly in the future. I probably would go way back to the

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dinosaurs. Anything goes, let us know where you would like to travel

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in time. We like it when you get in touch and when you get creative.

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Last week we did some tinfoil art. You sent us your versions of what

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you have been doing. It was simple, tinfoil trays, used the end of the

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by row and inscribed on the picture. You can do whatever you like. Mere

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created this. Thank you very much. love that expression on her face!

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Eric has done a couple. Is that just at the point -- a teapot wrapped in

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tinfoil? I think he has done that. Look at Sam's face! He is so

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excited. It looks as if he has had great fun doing that. Oliver and

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Eloise have done their version. We have a Blue Peter no-go, and he has

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done the Blue Peter badge. Look at their heads! They have made forks

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and knives out of tinfoil. As well as fancy pieces of headdress. If you

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want to have a go, the templates are still on the website. But come this

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way. Have a look at our huge Blue Peter badge! We have loads of post

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again, look at this picture, it is glittery clouds and upside down, she

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is trying to pass the baton to you during our moonwalking attempt.

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have been set a challenge recently, to play the trombone. Thank you for

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the lovely trombone interlude! It is going OK, I have three weeks to

:03:33.:03:37.

practice, five lessons and I have to play in a competition tomorrow and

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March as well. I am very nervous! You will be great! Check these out.

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They are having a go at what we are calling Grow It, Cook It, Eat It. A

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couple of weeks ago we went out the blue Peter garden, and some herbs

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and some seeds. The idea is that in a few weeks we will have some

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interesting things we can take to the kitchen and we will be able to

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cook up some scrumptious recipes. The basil is going well. The spring

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onions are going well. The types, not so much. We think we know why!

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If you have done this... We think the soil is too deep and the seeds

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are too deep. If that is happening to you, try replanting and but the

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seeds are bit higher. I want to go over there. He is excited about

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this! We heard about a pen that allows you to draw something, calm

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down, we will get there! You can take your template of the page. Look

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how excited he is. He is desperate to have a go. The pens are in

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action. This is Daniel. This is a 3-D pen. It is very noisy, why is

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that? There is a fan in the back, we are taking plastic filament, running

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it through the pain, melting it and as it comes out it gets called, so

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it instantly becomes hot. So it is plastic that is melting? Yes, so you

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can draw in plastic stop it is recyclable. Tell us how it works.

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Drawing you can take off the page, is madness! I have the best job in

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the world. Grab a pen and we will show you. Anything you want to try.

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Because it is a 3-D shape, I'm going to try a pyramid, that is kind of a

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theme. How do I do that? Draw a 2-D shape on the age, flat. Who do you

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think will use pens like this? were really aiming for people who

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have crafts and hobbies. Teachers, artists, engineers, architects. A

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lot of uses. Architect, I can see how they will use it. And it would

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make maths so much fun! How do you make the pyramid shape now? You just

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lift your pen off the table. You hold it there for about ten seconds.

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That noise is trying the plastic now? Now you can let go of the pen.

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I want to point out some of the items we have got over here. You

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have created all kinds of things. You have the Eiffel Tower, you have

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sunglasses, and in particular, this bike. That must've taken absolutely

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ages! That took about an hour and a half. I can't help noticing these

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3-D Negra macro badges! We made you some badges. I am making you a

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present, look! He is actually pretty good at this! He is an unnatural.We

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thought you would set you a challenge, if it is all right with

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you, you could ill something for our studio. Absolutely. I actually have

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started, by the end of the show committee you will find out. We will

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come back and see how you are getting on. We know that you like

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Egypt that is why we picked it as a theme. This is Tutankhamen and a

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camel stop it fascinates everybody. Do you know what fascinates me even

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more? What is inside that? If you studied tension Egypt at school, you

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will know that whatever is behind something like this is very old and

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very precious. But meant at the museum found a way to get behind the

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mask without damaging the contents. I went along -- Manchester Museum.

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What have we got here? We don't know the name at the moment. Where did it

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happen? Somewhere in Egypt's. How old are they? About 2000 years old.

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This money is here for medical scan. Research has are using pioneering

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technology. Mummification was a pretty gruesome process, used by

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ancient Egyptians, of preserving our body after death. After the person

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died the body would be washed, dried and the organs removed. The only

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organ to remain would be the heart. The Egyptians believed that it --

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humans thought with their hearts. They would push it out with a hook

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up the nose. The body would be dried, Staffs, wrapped and sealed,

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only finding the light of day thousands of years later. Manchester

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Museum has a big collection of mummies. You are our Egyptologists,

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so you know everything there is to know about Egypt. Why did the

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ancient Egyptians wrap their dead bodies in these bandages? Because

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they wanted to preserve the body after death so that you can enjoy

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the afterlife. That is why you will be scanning these mummies, to see

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how well they have been preserved? Absolutely, we have a big

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collection, we want to see what is going on underneath the bandages

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without damaging them. This coughing is absolutely amazing. Inside, what

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is even more incredible is we can see a body intact. This is a real

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dead person. Absolutely, this is a lady who died over 2000 years ago.

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White unite just open up the Coppins today, why are you taking them to be

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scanned? Once you wrap it, you cannot unwrap it. Using modern

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scanning, we can look under the wrapping without destroying it.

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Let's see what a medical scan of money show us. Lead the way. Back at

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the hospital, it is almost time to scan the money that we will be

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investigating. This is obviously quite small, does that suggest it is

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a child? It must be a child, maybe three or four years old. What do we

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know about the person inside? lot, sadly. We don't know and name,

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we just know her as 1769, that is her Museum number. We hope that by

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scanning her will be able to tell how she lived, how she died. How do

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you think the person here would think about us doing this? I think

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the ancient Egyptians would be thrilled, because what they wanted

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after they died was to be remembered. They wanted to look

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their best, so they were covered in gold. By investigating them, we can

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give them an afterlife which I think they wanted. We need to see what we

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looked at this person for 2000 years, you are getting their

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privileged insight into what it looks like. The scans are a stunning

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insight. They are giving us the chance to gaze between the bandages

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for the first time in 2000 years, but what exactly do they mean?

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can tell the skull is empty. So that is a sign that the very traditional

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way of Egyptian mummification has been practised. A metal hook is

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stuck up the nose, and then the brain is removed through the

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nostrils. What else can you learn from this? You can learn how

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important it was to use the traditional method -- mummification

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technique of wrapping. There are so many bandages used, as we have seen

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there are several layers, so maybe the mummy was wrapped up once and

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then again and then wrapped a final time and then painted and given this

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golden outside. Does this suggest it was a wealthy person? To afford that

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amount of linen and the gold, this would have been an incredibly

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wealthy person, not royalty, but just below. This regular just has a

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bit of a surprise. Can you work out it is a boy or a girl? I think it is

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probably a male. From the shape of the pelvis, it looks very narrow,

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which is more like a male pelvis than a female pelvis. People doing

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the mummification may have made a mistake! We have other mummies where

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they have simply put the wrong mask on the wrong money. I feel really

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privileged. This is the cutting edge. That looks like a girl to me!

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But on the inside, it doesn't this ceremony look like a girl. Now they

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are looking inside because of technology, they are asking you

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questions. I think this debate will be going on for a while. What do you

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think, boy or girl? I don't know, I have no experience in that field.

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Please welcome the doctor! I know you spend a lot of time looking at

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the scans, what did you accomplish? It was definitely a girl. The

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bandages were so tightly wrapped that the bones were crushed. So that

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debate and argument lead you to know that they wound the body is really

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tightly. I quite like it. It is fascinating, ancient Egypt. They did

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The reason we are mummifying an orange is because we are copying

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what it would be to mummify a human being. Once you mummify a human

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being, you want to dry them out. We need to remove all of the wet bits,

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and then you dry them and put them into different jars, with different

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animal heads. So this would once have contained the organs belonging

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to an ancient Egyptian? Yes. That is nice excavation mark have you had

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body. Then they would remove the internal organs, as you are doing.

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Why? Because they want to dry out the chest cavity. You remove the

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juicy bits inside. Why?Because you want to dry out the whole body and

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you hope that in the afterlife you will be put out together again, so

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it does not matter that you lose your organs. They thought they were

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transported to the next life and then they would put the organs back

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in again. Exactly. This is a body that has been emptied of everything

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apart from the heart. You need the heart for the judgement in the

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afterlife. Next?We sterilise the body. Egyptians would use oil or

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wine. We are going to use vinegar. It starts to smell it funny, doesn't

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it? This was a smelly process. The ancient Egyptians would do this in a

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tent. All of the ancient Egyptians, or just those who had money? It was

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only the rich who could afford this expensive process. Now, you want to

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improve the smell, so you want to put some spice in there. And then

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you start to put in a mixture of salt and bicarbonate of soda, which

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the ancient Egyptians had a special name for. We have filled it with

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salt and bicarbonate of soda to dry it out and give it shape. And then

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you close it up a bit, and you want to wrap it up with bandages, made of

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linen. Was it just Egyptians that did this? Mummification is known all

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around the world but it was the ancient Egyptians that practised

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artificial mummification, and they got it spot on, so the bodies were

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very well preserved. They were fantastically well preserved. That

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one still had skin, 2500 years later. They really mastered it. We

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are mummifying an orange here. I have wrapped it in a bandage coated

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in Gulu. It is PDA glue, 80% glue and 20% water, to make it runny.

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Once you have wrapped the entire orange and you have let it dry in an

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airing cupboard, or somewhere dry, for a month or so, this is one I

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prepared earlier. This has dried out. It is a few months old. If you

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rattle it, you can hear it. How long will it take to mummify? In ancient

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Egypt, it took 70 days, but if you leave it in the airing cupboard for

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a few months, you will get a dry orange that will last for eternity.

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You can keep it until you are a grandparent yourself. If you want

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details on how to do this, head to the loo Peter website. And if you do

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have a go, let us know how you get on. You could mummify a melon as

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well. My airing cupboard is going to be full. Good luck with your

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mummifying and thank you for coming in to show us this. Thank you for

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the insight in Manchester Museum. Speaking of being creative, in

:18:35.:18:39.

future you could be making your own 3-D drawings. Take a look at how the

:18:39.:18:43.

boys are getting on. We are not sure what this is going to be. In about

:18:43.:18:48.

fifth in minutes we will be revealing what that turns out to be.

:18:48.:18:52.

I know that you love gadgets and I know you will want one of these by

:18:52.:18:57.

the end of the show. The other thing that you love our cars. I cannot

:18:57.:19:02.

tell you how amazing this is. Monaco is one of the most famous places for

:19:02.:19:06.

the Grand Prix circuit and Formula one is there this weekend. It is a

:19:06.:19:16.
:19:16.:19:18.

small track but very famous and very showbiz and glamorous, like me! So I

:19:18.:19:23.

convinced them to let me be chauffeured around the track in a

:19:23.:19:32.

very cool sports car. This is an electric car. Amazing. I am standing

:19:32.:19:38.

in the richest race on earth, and also the most crowded on the planet.

:19:38.:19:48.
:19:48.:19:48.

It is most famous for tight bends and fast cars. Every year, Monaco

:19:48.:19:54.

hosts the Formula one Grand Prix. It is a huge event for a city state the

:19:54.:19:59.

size of a small town. But it even has its own Royal family. Despite

:19:59.:20:08.

its size, Monaco has 70 times more people per square mile than the UK,

:20:08.:20:12.

and more billionaires and millionaires than anywhere in the

:20:12.:20:17.

world, hence the big boats. Monaco is on the shores of the

:20:17.:20:20.

Mediterranean Sea, bordered by France and not far from Italy, and

:20:20.:20:23.

it attracts people from all over the world when the race hits town. The

:20:23.:20:28.

Grand Prix is regarded as the hardest race in the Formula one

:20:28.:20:32.

calendar, requiring more skill than any other racing circuit. It is the

:20:32.:20:42.

Grand Prix that every driver wants to win. The first Monaco Grand Prix

:20:42.:20:47.

was in 1929 and it has been integral to Formula one since the 1950s. The

:20:47.:20:51.

race takes place on the city streets with most drivers reaching speeds of

:20:51.:20:54.

up to 180 mph. For the rest of the year, there is a strict speed limit.

:20:54.:20:58.

I am getting a tour from one of Monaco's sports car entrepreneurs,

:20:58.:21:03.

in an extraordinary electric car. This is an incredible car. This is

:21:03.:21:07.

probably the most advanced electric car in the world. It has

:21:07.:21:10.

4-wheel-drive and the suspension is electric, so that makes eight

:21:11.:21:17.

electric motors running at the same time. This is Monaco. You have a

:21:17.:21:22.

race circuit and a sports car. go and try it. I thought you would

:21:22.:21:31.

never ask. This car sounds fast, but we are sticking to the speed limit.

:21:31.:21:36.

This is the starting line of the track. 22 cars race around the two

:21:36.:21:42.

mile circuit diversity, and overtaking other drivers is hard.

:21:42.:21:49.

Each driver completes 78 laps on the racecourse to finish. All the

:21:49.:21:55.

drivers here, when they drive, they know they are part of history.

:21:55.:22:03.

fast would you come up here in a Formula one car? I would say at more

:22:03.:22:10.

than 120. You can see there is a bump here. After the race, you can

:22:10.:22:18.

see that all the cars land there. Did you always want to be a race

:22:19.:22:24.

driver? Yes, I wanted to race and build cars. But what is also

:22:24.:22:28.

important in Monaco is the environment, so somehow I wanted to

:22:28.:22:36.

do a car that was sporty, glamorous and clean. This is a very nice

:22:36.:22:44.

curves, so narrow. Some of the cars have a hard time turning here. White

:22:44.:22:49.

micro he is talking about the slowest term. Drivers have to slow

:22:49.:22:55.

down to get passed safely. How long would it take a Formula one car to

:22:55.:23:05.
:23:05.:23:06.

do a lap? One minute something.That was one lap. That was absolutely

:23:06.:23:10.

amazing. What an incredible experience, not just Monaco but the

:23:10.:23:16.

car of the future. Thank you so much. Great to drive with you.So I

:23:17.:23:26.
:23:27.:23:27.

can take it now? He did not let me take it. You were in your element.

:23:27.:23:31.

It was like driving the future. If you are a petrol head and you love

:23:31.:23:36.

Formula one, you can catch highlights this weekend on the BBC.

:23:36.:23:44.

That was fast. Earlier, we introduced Daniel and Faraz who

:23:44.:23:48.

brought the 3D pen. We set them a challenge and asked them to draw

:23:48.:23:53.

something by the end of the show. They have been beavering away.

:23:53.:24:00.

show you? You have had about 20 minutes and now you can reveal that

:24:00.:24:10.

it is Barney the dog. That is fantastic. What an amazing thing.

:24:10.:24:13.

Thank you so much for coming in and showing us what tens of the future

:24:13.:24:18.

might look like. We will display this on our shelf. Thank you.

:24:18.:24:24.

Brilliant. It is an electric car that you want to drive around

:24:24.:24:31.

Monaco, and a 3D pen. Anything from ancient Egypt restroom Mark I love

:24:31.:24:41.
:24:41.:24:49.

set him a challenge three weeks ago, entering him into a competition. He

:24:49.:24:53.

has to play the trombone and March tomorrow. How are you feeling?

:24:53.:24:57.

have only had five lessons in three weeks and tomorrow is the

:24:57.:25:02.

competition. We are being judged on the marching and playing. It is

:25:02.:25:06.

nerve wracking. I will give it everything I have got. I do not

:25:06.:25:10.

often get nervous but I am nervous about tomorrow. I am right at the

:25:10.:25:16.

front. If I get it wrong, everybody else does. Tune in next week!

:25:17.:25:23.

will not get it wrong. Let's talk about your challenge. We all know

:25:23.:25:27.

how sporty shears. That has been established. Last week saw her take

:25:27.:25:31.

part in her first assessment to see if she has what it takes to take

:25:31.:25:38.

part in the Marine Yom. This is her assessment. You can do anything and

:25:38.:25:42.

we have seen that, but that is a very difficult challenge to take

:25:42.:25:49.

part in. Yes, a lot of it is in your mind. I was crawling through a

:25:49.:25:54.

tunnel and you think it is getting smaller. I will give it my best and

:25:54.:26:00.

you will find out in the next few weeks. It makes me feel good to know

:26:00.:26:03.

everyone is behind me, and you have been sending Helen good luck

:26:03.:26:10.

messages. Thank you.I believe you can do this. You have been to the

:26:10.:26:14.

South Pole and the Amazon. If you put your mind to it, you can do it.

:26:15.:26:19.

And there is a poem - good luck on your run, tell yourself you have

:26:19.:26:24.

one, just a poem to wish you the best, remember it is not such a big

:26:24.:26:29.

test. Good luck in whatever you do, good luck Helen. I appreciate that

:26:29.:26:35.

and we will keep you posted. We have been asking you to get in touch and

:26:35.:26:38.

let us know if you could travel anywhere in time, backwards,

:26:38.:26:43.

forwards, where would you go? Loads of you have been in touch. Matthew

:26:43.:26:47.

says he would go to the future to see the new generation of cars, and

:26:47.:26:53.

into the past to cheat in history exams. Chloe would go back to the

:26:53.:26:58.

time of dinosaurs to see what they really look like, but she would not

:26:58.:27:02.

love to get eaten. Angus would go back to this afternoon when he got a

:27:02.:27:05.

question wrong in his science test and he would change it. Don't worry,

:27:05.:27:13.

it will be fine. Hamish is clever and would go forward so he could see

:27:13.:27:16.

the lottery numbers and come back and use the same numbers. Share the

:27:16.:27:22.

winnings! Jessie would travel to Victorian times when sweets were

:27:22.:27:31.

really cheap. They were 1p when I was a kid! Let's have a look at what

:27:31.:27:36.

is happening next week. We will be joined by a fantastic juggler from

:27:36.:27:41.

the Moscow State Circus. He is juggling balls on a ball. Amazing.

:27:41.:27:47.

Find out how I get on in my brass band challenge. And we will show you

:27:47.:27:51.

For two thousand years, a mummified child's bandages have hidden ancient Egyptian secrets. Now, Helen is able to get beneath the bandages using pioneering scanning techniques. Barney on the other hand, is looking to the future, when he gets taken around Monaco's famous Grand Prix circuit in a superfast electric car.


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