Flowers and Quinoa Down on the Farm


Flowers and Quinoa

Preschool series. Storm picks beautiful summer flowers in Devon, while JB visits a farm in Shropshire to find out all about their unusual crop, quinoa.


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Transcript


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# Come join us down on the farm today

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# Learn about nature along the way

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# From seeds to crops and field to barn

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# So much to do down on the farm

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# Summer, Autumn, Winter, Spring

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# Ploughing, planting, harvesting

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# With JB and Storm to lead the way

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# Come join us down on the farm today. #

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Hello, I'm JB and welcome to Down On The Farm.

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In summer, farmers have lots to do looking after their animals and

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the crops in their fields.

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So, while I look after this farm, let's find out what Storm is up to.

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Today, I've come to a pretty farm in Devon where they grow flowers

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that aren't only beautiful, but also safe to eat.

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Hi, Farmer Jan.

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-Hi, Storm.

-This is absolutely beautiful.

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-Thank you.

-Now, I know it's not normally safe to eat flowers and

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plants in your garden, so what makes it safe to eat these?

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You're quite right, you shouldn't normally eat flowers from

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your garden, but these are special flowers that are safe to eat.

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They're called edible flowers.

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-Would you like to make some flowery treats?

-I certainly would.

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And today, we've got Rory, Elsie, Max and Louis to help us pick.

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Go on, pick that one, that's lovely.

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We all listen to farmer Jan as she knows exactly which flowers are OK

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to collect.

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Time to head outside and pick some more.

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So what's your favourite colour?

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-Pink.

-Pink!

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So shall we pick some of the pink ones?

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That's a good one.

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Now we've collected all the flowers we need,

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it's time to make some tasty treats.

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So, now we've collected all of these special, edible flowers,

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what can we make with them?

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Well, I think we should make a lovely nasturtium pesto to

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dress our salad leaves.

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First, we put in the nasturtiums,

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then some pine nuts, a bit of cheese

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and some oil.

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Fantastic.

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Then, we whizz it up.

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And now it's ready to go on the salad.

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So what are we going to do with the cornflowers that we've picked?

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We're going to crystallise them and then pop them on the cake.

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To crystallise the cornflowers,

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we brush them with egg white to get them all sticky.

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Then we sprinkle sugar on them.

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Right, so we're going to leave these to dry now,

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but here's some dry ones that we can use to decorate the cake.

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This could be the prettiest cake I've ever seen.

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Well, now all our tasty treats are prepared,

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the only thing left to do is to try them, so tuck in.

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While we enjoy these flowers that have been grown right here,

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why don't we find out what else is grown in summer?

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Lots of young birds and animals spend their first summer growing

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fast and learning how to take care of themselves.

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Fox cubs stay close to their mum

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at first as she shows them how to hunt or find food.

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By autumn, they will have to do this on their own.

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Young stoats spend the summer with their family, too.

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Play fighting with brothers and sisters

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is the first step in learning to hunt.

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Soon, they will have the strength and skills to attack real prey.

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This little owl is only a few weeks old,

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but is already living on its own.

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In time, with lots of practice,

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it will be able to hunt fast-moving voles.

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But for now, juicy worms are much easier to catch.

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Young rabbits have to learn how to escape danger.

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Sensing a threat,

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they dart off as quickly as they can into the safety of a burrow.

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I've come to a busy community farm in Wiltshire where adults and

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children learn how to work together and care for the animals.

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I wonder what kind of animals I'll meet today.

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ROOSTER CROWS

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Hi, farmer Wendy. Now, these are some cool-looking chickens.

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Hi, Storm. Yes, we have lots of different animals here and lots of

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-teams that work with them. Would you like to meet some?

-I would.

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That's good because when all the work is done, there's a surprise.

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Now, that sounds exciting, I'd better get to work.

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The first team are looking after the donkeys.

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Hi, guys. So, who do we have here?

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We have Petal and Maddy.

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And what do we need to do?

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BOTH: We have to groom them.

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So, Kingsley, what do you use the donkeys for?

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We're going to train them to pull a cart so people can have a ride.

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We use a special harness with long reins so that the donkeys can get

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used to pulling something and having something behind them.

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-Come round, Maddy. Good girl.

-Come round this way.

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Good girl, Maddy.

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The donkey team have done a great job, but there's more work

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to be done before I earn that special treat.

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So, what do we have to do in the stables?

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We have to take out the poo and all that straw.

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That is the biggest shovel of hay I have ever seen.

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Now we need to put clean straw in the stable.

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Do you think the horses are going to like this?

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Well, that's a good job done.

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Yes, everyone has worked well together, that's all

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-the jobs finished now.

-Does that mean what I think it means?

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Yes, it's time for that special surprise.

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The treat at the end of the day is

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a ride with the farm's beautiful horses.

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Come and ride on the cart with us.

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Thanks very much, guys.

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This is fantastic.

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While we enjoy the rest of our ride,

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let's find out what else happens in summer.

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Summer fields, no longer bare

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Golden crops are growing there

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Nestled in the summer leaves

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Sweet fruit is growing on the trees

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Lawnmowers buzz on summer grass

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It's cut, but grows back just as fast

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Summer hedgerows grow thick and green

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A place to feed or hide unseen

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On dappled streams and glinting ponds

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Are signets growing into swans

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Summer calves and piglets, too

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They're growing fast and so are you.

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I have come to a farm in Shropshire to find out about this stuff.

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It looks a bit like rice or couscous.

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Do you know what it is?

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-Hi, farmer Stephen.

-Hi, JB.

-Can you tell me what this is?

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These are the seeds of a plant called quinoa and it's cooked and

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eaten in a similar way to rice.

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Can you show me how it grows?

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It's growing in the field right now, why don't we go and have a look?

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-Yes, please.

-Let's go.

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So, this is a field of quinoa.

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It's very green and luscious but it doesn't look like this.

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-You're right.

-Actually, the seed grows within the flower throughout

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the summer and is ready for harvest in the autumn.

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The quinoa isn't ready to harvest yet,

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but there are still plenty of jobs to do in the summer

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and Emily and Austin are here to help. So what's first?

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We've got to count how many plants are in the field.

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That'll take a really long time.

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It would! We only have to count the plants in a small area

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to work out how many plants are in the entire field.

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Let's start counting.

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One, two, three,

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four, five.

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Counting plants means farmer Stephen knows how many he will have

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-to harvest in the autumn.

-JB, you missed one.

-Oh, 15!

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That's another 20.

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Thanks, Austin.

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We've just counted 120 plants in this area,

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so how many does that mean are in the whole field?

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It means we're going to have around 50 million plants

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in the whole field.

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-Wow.

-That's a lot of plants.

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That's an massive number, isn't it? So what's our next job?

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The next job for us to do is dig up a few plants

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-and look at how healthy the roots are.

-Let's get digging.

-Go for it.

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Quinoa is very good for us.

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It contains lots of things our bodies need to grow

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and stay healthy.

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It's so good for us, it's called a super food.

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What does a healthy root look like?

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We're looking for a root that's long, white and straight.

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Can you see the root yet?

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There we go.

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Well done.

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-Now, what do you think of that root?

-That looks nice and healthy.

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They are white and long and straight.

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Looks like farmer Stephen's got a good crop of quinoa plants.

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I've learned so much about quinoa today,

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I'd love to come back in autumn and see it harvested.

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You'd be very welcome.

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-Do you think that'd be a good idea, guys?

-Yeah.

-YES!

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While we keep checking these plants,

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here's a top tip for when you're out and about this summer.

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In summer, it's fun to go on walks in the countryside.

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In farms and fields, there might be lots of animals around.

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The field have gates and stiles to keep the animals safe.

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Use the stiles and gates properly...

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..climbing gates near the hinges, as it's safer and stronger.

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Enjoy being out and about!

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In spring we saw lots of vegetables being planted, like potatoes.

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Now it's summer, we have come back to find out what farmer Kerr does

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to look after the potatoes.

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In the summertime, the potato fields look a lot different

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to springtime.

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There's now lots of green plants growing at the top of the ridges.

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The plants grow straight from the seed potatoes

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so I know the potatoes are growing in the ground.

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Kerr checks all the plants in the field

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to see how the potatoes are growing.

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This plant has nice big green leaves.

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This means the plant is healthy,

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and so are the potatoes under the ground.

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Because the potatoes won't grow properly if they get a disease,

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Kerr and his team protect them by spraying the plants.

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This is our special spraying machine.

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It works a bit like a shower.

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It sprays something called fungicide.

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It's a liquid that stops disease growing on the potatoes.

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Today I need to check the machine is working properly

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so I've put some water in the tank to spray on the crops.

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The tractor pulls the plant sprayer through the fields.

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The water is pumped along the long arms of the spraying machine,

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and shoots out over the plants.

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It takes Kerr two days to spray the plants with fungicide.

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He does this every week in summer to protect the plants

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so the potatoes are ready for harvesting in the autumn.

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Hopefully we'll be back then to see the fully grown potatoes.

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Storm and I have had a brilliant time on the farm today.

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Did you enjoy it, too? If you want to have fun with your own farm,

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go to the CBeebies website to play the Down On The Farm game.

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See you next time. Bye!

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Series looking at what happens on farms. Storm picks beautiful summer flowers to make some tasty treats in Devon. JB visits a farm in Shropshire to find out all about their unusual crop - quinoa - whilst Storm joins children in Wiltshire who are working together to look after the farm animals. We see how farmers keep potatoes healthy in summer, and JB shares a poem about growing.