Long Jump Nina and the Neurons


Long Jump

Fun science for preschoolers. Nina investigates how we can jump further and experimenters Amna, Katie and Rachael meet a long jumper.


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Transcript


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# If you've got a question and you don't know where to go

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# Ask Nina for some help Cos she's got a science show

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# She makes sense of her senses While helping all her fans

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# By doing her experiments with potions and with bangs

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-# Touch your tongue

-Tongue

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-# Fingers

-Fingers

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-# Eyes

-Eyes

-Ears

-Ears

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-# Nose

-Nose

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# Nina and the Neurons find out what you need to know

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# Nina and the Neurons find out what you need to know

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# Luke he helps us with our eyes and Felix with our touch

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# Ollie sniffs out smells and scents and Belle she hears so much

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# Bud is Ollie's brother he helps us with our taste

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# They're Nina's little Neurons and they're coming to your place

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-# Touch your tongue

-Tongue

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-# Fingers

-Fingers

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-# Eyes

-Eyes

-Ears

-Ears

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-# Nose

-Nose

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# Nina and the Neurons find out what you need to know, yeah!

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# Nina and the Neurons find out what you need to know

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# Oh, yeah! #

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Oh, hello there.

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I'm just seeing which one of these can jump the furthest.

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And, the yellow frog won!

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-"Yeah, yeah."

-BEEPING

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Oh, I hear a beep, I see a flash, I wonder what they're going to ask.

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-Hi, Nina.

-Hi!

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We have got a question for you.

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-We like playing jumping games.

-How do we jump further?

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That's a great question. How can we jump further?

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I think we're going to have fun finding out.

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Why don't you come to my lab and we'll investigate?

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See you soon, Nina. Bye!

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Bye!

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Well, I'm going to need help and I know just who to ask.

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OK, Neurons, time to get to work.

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ALL: Neurons at the ready, Nina.

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OK, today's question is, "How can we jump further?"

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Which Neuron do you think will be most useful in helping us?

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-Me!

-Me, me!

-ME!

-Me!

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Will it be fabulous Felix?

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I can help so very much if you need the sense of touch.

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Will it be beautiful Belle?

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I send messages to brain from ear. If there's a sound, I'll help you hear.

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Will it be lovely Luke?

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For looking and seeing, day or night,

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I'll help you with your sense of sight.

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Will it be awesome Ollie?

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If it's pongy or whiffy but you can't tell,

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-my messages help your sense of smell.

-Or will it be baby Bud?

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Sour, salty, bitter or sweet, I'm your taste buddy whenever you eat!

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-It's Felix!

-CHEERING

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Go Felix, go Felix, go Felix!

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Go Felix, go Felix!

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Marvellous. A little touch can mean so much, Nina.

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Today's question is, "How can we jump further?"

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Because jumping is something we feel,

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Felix, our touch Neuron, will be helping us.

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But stand by, Neurons, I may need help from all of you.

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I need to get the lab ready before the experimenters arrive.

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Amna loves helping to tidy the house.

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Rachael likes making pizza.

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Katie loves riding her scooter.

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We like jumping up and down.

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Some people can do really big jumps.

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How can we jump further?

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But they all want to know, "How can you jump further?"

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So for one day only

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Katie, Rachael and Amna become... The Experimenters.

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-Hi, guys.

-Hi, Nina.

-Welcome to my lab.

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And thank you for your great question,

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"How can we jump further?"

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To find out the answer, let's start by using our senses.

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Woop-woo, a senses experiment! We're ready, Nina.

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The first thing we have to do is work out what happens when we jump.

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So let's jump up and down and see what we can discover.

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Let's get jumping!

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Oh, you guys are really good at this! OK, stop there.

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-Jumping takes quite a lot of effort, doesn't it?

-Yes, Nina.

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And that's because our bodies are quite heavy.

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So we have to push very hard to launch ourselves off the ground.

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But how can we jump further?

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Well, let's look more closely at jumping, with this special machine.

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Come over here, girls.

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When I pull the spring back and let it go,

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the machine will launch the ball so it jumps into the air.

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There's the ball in.

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Oh, oh...

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Oh! What happened there?

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It went up in the air.

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It did. The ball jumped straight up into the air,

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just like when we were jumping straight up.

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-But it didn't go very far, did it?

-No.

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No, I will mark this with a lovely little red marker, like that.

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OK. Let's see what happens if we change the position of the launcher,

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so the ball jumps forward.

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OK.

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That's the ball inside. There we go.

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Oh! What happened there?

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-It still didn't go very far.

-That's right.

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That's because it was so close to the ground

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that it hit the sand quite quickly. That's where it landed.

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Rachael, can you grab the ball for me?

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Let's try one more position. Thank you very much.

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Let's see what happens

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if we point the launcher so the ball jumps up AND forward.

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OK. Here we go.

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Ball in place.

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Here we go.

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Oh! Now, what happened that time?

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It went really far.

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So for a really big jump you need to jump up and forward at the same time!

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That's right, Bud.

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But there's something else we can do that can help us jump even further.

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'Where do you think we're going today?'

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Nina said we're going to experiment with jumping.

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Maybe we are going to bounce on a giant trampoline. Woo-hoo!

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'We've arrived. That's definitely not a trampoline.'

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So you asked, "How can we jump further?"

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and we've discovered that jumping up and forward

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can help us jump further.

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So we've come to this athletics stadium to meet Joseph. Hi, Joseph!

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-Hi, Joseph.

-Hi, guys.

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Now, Joseph has won lots of national medals

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at a sport called the long jump.

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And that means he can jump very far.

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Can he jump as far as me?

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-Yes, Bud, amazingly, he can.

-Aw-w!

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In the long jump,

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athletes like Joseph jump as far as they can into a special sandpit.

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And their jump always starts from a white line on the track,

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like this one. And Joseph will help us work out

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how we can jump further.

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So, can I ask you to stand at the white line

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and when you're ready, jump as far as you can?

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-Oh-ho-ho-ho!

-LUKE:

-Wow, that is a long jump!

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It was, Luke, but Joseph can jump even further than that.

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In the long jump, athletes are allowed a run before they jump.

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So what do you think running before you jump

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-would do to the length of the jump?

-Make it longer.

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-Shall we try and see?

-Yes!

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OK, this time do it again

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but run as fast as you can before you jump.

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No problem.

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NINA GIGGLES

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-Wow! That was much further! Well done, Joseph.

-Thank you.

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So, taking the run-up did help him jump much further

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and that's because he was already moving really quickly,

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which helped to push him up and forward, making his jump longer.

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I'd do a much longer run-up. That way, I'd jump even further.

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Oh, interesting idea, Bud.

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I wonder if taking a longer run-up would make your jump longer.

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Let's do one more experiment to find out.

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Experimenters, it's your turn.

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You're all going to do three long jumps

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but the length of the run-up will change each time.

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First, let's start with the shortest run-up

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and I want you to run as fast as you can.

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Oh, good jump! Walk round and back.

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I'll measure that.

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Good jump! Excellent jump.

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Those were good jumps

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but were you running at your fastest speed when you jumped?

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-No, we only took a few steps.

-That's right.

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You didn't have enough space to get up to your fastest running speed.

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OK, let's try this again but this time with a longer run-up.

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-LUKE:

-Wow! they have a very long way to run this time, Nina.

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Woo-hoo! Well done!

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Well done, Katie! Good job.

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Woo-hoo-hoo-hoo!

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Those were also good jumps, but what happened?

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-I got tired.

-I couldn't run any more.

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Gosh, The Experimenters are out of breath.

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You're right, Belle. The Experimenters are out of breath.

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We'll let you have a rest and a drink.

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On your last jump, you started off brilliantly.

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You reached your fastest running speed

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but because you had such a long way to go,

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it was really hard to keep running at your fastest so you slowed down.

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And because you'd slowed down,

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you didn't have as much speed to push your body up and forward.

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So I think we need to do it again.

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-Are you up for it?

-Yeah!

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Your run-up will be longer than the first one,

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so you can reach your top speed,

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but shorter than the last one,

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so you don't get tired and slow down.

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Have you all got your breath back?

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-Yes!

-OK, run as fast as you can. Go for it!

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Whoo! What a good jump! Well done!

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Woo-hoo! Good jump, Katie!

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Well done. High-five!

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Woo-hoo-hoo! Well done!

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Well done, Experimenters.

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This time you've all jumped much further.

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And that's because the run-up was just the right length -

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long enough to reach your fastest running speed when you jumped.

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That speed helped to push your body up and forward,

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making your jump longer.

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So to jump really far,

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you need to be running at your fastest speed when you jump.

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That's right, Bud.

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# Nina and the Neurons! #

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So your question was, "How can we jump further?"

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and I think we've answered it.

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When we jump, we bend our knees and launch ourselves into the air.

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If we jump up and forward at the same time, we can jump further.

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If we take a run-up before we jump, we can jump even further.

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But it can't be too long a run-up

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or we get out of breath and begin to slow down.

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We need to be running at our fastest speed when we jump

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to make sure we go really, really far.

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-So I hope that's answered your question.

-Thanks, Nina.

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-Bye!

-You're welcome. Bye!

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If you want to know more about the science all around us,

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go to the Nina section on the CBeebies website. Have fun.

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On your marks, get set, go!

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# Get sporty

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# Doo-bee-doo Doo-doo-dee-doo-doo

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# Get sporty

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# Doo-bee-doo Doo-doo-dee-doo-doo

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# If you're itching for some exercise

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# From your head down to your toes

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# Why not try out something new

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# And give it a real go?

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# Whenever you are restless and feeling kind of bored

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# Grab your friends and go outside

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# And try a brand-new sport

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# Get sporty

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# Doo-bee-doo Doo-doo-dee-doo-doo

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# Get sporty

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# Doo-bee-doo Doo-doo-dee-doo-doo

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# Spinning, throwing, running, jumping

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# Lots of fun to do

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# Cycling, diving, sliding, rolling

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# It's really up to you

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# If you're wondering how a swimmer swims

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# Or a bike can go so fast

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# Give it a bash and make it last

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# It's time to go get sporty

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# Get sporty

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# Doo-bee-doo Doo-doo-dee-doo-doo

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# Get sporty

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# Doo-bee-doo Doo-doo-dee-doo-doo

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# Get sporty

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# Doo-bee-doo Doo-doo-dee-doo-doo

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# Get sporty

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# Doo-bee-doo Doo-doo-dee-doo-doo. #

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And remember, whether it's inside, outside,

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on a bike or in a pool,

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we can all try something new and get sporty.

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See you again soon. Bye!

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Bye!

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Get sporty!

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Super scientist Nina and her young Experimenters travel the UK in search of sporting wonders. With the help of Nina's five animated sense Neurons, they explain why sports people are so amazing and how we can all get out and get sporty.

Nina investigates how we can jump further - with the help of her touch neuron Felix.

Experimenters Amna, Katie and Rachael visit Nina in her lab and discover that for a really big jump you need to jump up and forwards at the same time. Next, they go to an athletics stadium to meet a long jumper and see why he can jump really, really far. Finally, they have a go themselves and find out how running for just the right amount of time can help you jump further.


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