Pennod 1 Rhyfel Mawr Trwy Lygaid Ifanc


Pennod 1

Drama-ddogfen sy'n adrodd straeon plant a phobl ifanc yn ystod y Rhyfel Byd Cyntaf. Drama-documentary based on the experiences of children and young people during WW1.


Similar Content

Browse content similar to Pennod 1. Check below for episodes and series from the same categories and more!

Transcript


LineFromTo

-Subtitles

0:00:000:00:00

-Subtitles

-

-Subtitles

0:00:000:00:02

-The First World War started

-a hundred years ago, in 1914.

0:00:030:00:07

-The war changed the lives of men,

-women and children forever.

0:00:080:00:13

-Children and young people

-from all over Europe...

0:00:140:00:18

-..described their experiences

-in diaries and letters.

0:00:190:00:23

-These are the stories of

-the Great War through their eyes.

0:00:230:00:28

-One of them was a 14-year-old boy

-from a village in northern France.

0:00:290:00:34

-His name was Thierry Gilbert.

0:00:340:00:36

-We're at war with Germany.

0:00:370:00:40

-We can take our revenge

-and win back Alsace-Lorraine.

0:00:410:00:44

-THE ATTACK

0:00:450:00:47

-It's war! It's war!

0:00:470:00:50

-We're at war with Germany!

0:00:500:00:52

-Shots were fired at the border!

0:00:520:00:55

-It's war!

0:01:000:01:01

-Impossible! You're staying here!

0:01:010:01:04

-But Dad, Jean-Paul,

-Raymond and Patrick are going.

0:01:040:01:08

-They're only a year older than me!

0:01:090:01:11

-They're only a year older than me!

-

-You have to be seventeen to enlist.

0:01:110:01:14

-You'll have to wait

-another three years.

0:01:140:01:17

-The war will be over by then!

0:01:170:01:19

-Then wait for the next.

0:01:190:01:21

-What if there isn't another?

0:01:210:01:22

-What if there isn't another?

-

-Perfect.

0:01:220:01:24

-You can complete your education.

0:01:240:01:27

-Please.

0:01:320:01:33

-Give me one good reason

-why you should go to war?

0:01:350:01:38

-To win back Alsace-Lorraine.

0:01:380:01:41

-People will talk

-about this for years.

0:01:410:01:44

-What am I meant to say?

-That I stayed at home?

0:01:440:01:47

-Yes, and that's the reason

-why you're still alive.

0:01:470:01:51

-Everyone is going. What I meant

-to say? That I stayed at home?

0:01:510:01:56

-In Sarajevo, on the 28th of June,

-1914...

0:02:000:02:03

-..the heir to the Austrian Empire

-was murdered.

0:02:040:02:09

-The killer was a Serbian student.

0:02:090:02:13

-The Austria-Hungary Empire demanded

-revenge and attacked Serbia.

0:02:130:02:17

-Russia supported Serbia, but

-Germany supported Austria-Hungary.

0:02:190:02:23

-One by one, countries

-sent armies into battle.

0:02:240:02:28

-This is how World War One began.

0:02:280:02:31

-AUSTRIA-HUNGARY

0:02:360:02:38

-RUSSIA

0:02:380:02:40

-GERMANY

0:02:410:02:45

-GREAT BRITAIN

0:02:450:02:48

-TURKEY

0:02:480:02:50

-AUSTRALIA

0:02:500:02:53

-FRANCE

0:02:530:02:54

-Young men were keen to fight.

0:02:550:02:57

-They loved their countries...

0:02:570:02:59

-..and believed

-nothing would happen to them.

0:02:590:03:03

-Does the German Emperor

-believe he can beat us?

0:03:040:03:08

-He hasn't met the French yet!

0:03:080:03:10

-Our love of France is strong.

-You saw that on the streets today.

0:03:100:03:15

-We never surrender. Never.

0:03:150:03:17

-Where are you going?

0:03:350:03:37

-I thought we had an understanding?

0:03:380:03:41

-How can I stay

-when my friends have gone to war?

0:03:410:03:44

-I want to be a part of it.

-It's all I can think about.

0:03:450:03:48

-Have you thought about your mother?

0:03:480:03:52

-She'd break her heart

-if anything happened to you.

0:03:520:03:55

-Me, also.

0:03:590:04:01

-My son, it's dangerous out there.

0:04:040:04:06

-That's why I want to go, Dad.

-To see if I can cope.

0:04:070:04:11

-You wouldn't want a coward as a son,

-would you?

0:04:120:04:16

-Wait!

0:04:160:04:17

-I had to go.

-I wanted to be a part of it.

0:04:190:04:22

-Take this!

0:04:240:04:26

-Papa.

0:04:310:04:32

-Don't worry, Dad.

-We'll beat the Germans easily.

0:04:330:04:37

-I wanted to see if I could cope.

0:04:390:04:42

-I was sure

-we'd easily beat the Germans.

0:04:460:04:49

-Not everyone could join the army...

0:04:500:04:53

-..only young men

-between the ages of 17 and 30.

0:04:530:04:57

-The minimum height

-was five feet, two inches.

0:04:570:05:02

-To many,

-the war was a great adventure.

0:05:020:05:05

-Whoever chose not to fight

-was a coward.

0:05:060:05:10

-Thierry Gilbert wasn't alone.

0:05:290:05:31

-Many tried to enlist even

-though they were too young.

0:05:320:05:35

-Despite being far too young,

-they wanted to be heroes.

0:05:360:05:40

-They didn't understand

-the meaning of war.

0:05:410:05:44

-The youngest soldier

-was only twelve.

0:05:440:05:47

-No-one knows how many children

-fought in World War One.

0:05:470:05:52

-Good luck!

0:05:560:05:57

-Next.

0:06:010:06:02

-Name?

0:06:050:06:06

-Um... Francois, Francois Le Blanc.

0:06:070:06:10

-Age?

0:06:180:06:19

-Age?

-

-Seventeen.

0:06:190:06:21

-Your real age?

0:06:220:06:23

-Seventeen.

-I come from a short family.

0:06:240:06:27

-Let me see your passport, please.

0:06:330:06:35

-It's in Belfort.

0:06:370:06:39

-Can anyone confirm your age?

-Do you have a family?

0:06:400:06:45

-They're all in Belfort.

0:06:460:06:46

-They're all in Belfort.

-

-Then I suggest you start there.

0:06:460:06:50

-That's why I'm here. To get Belfort

-back from the damned Germans!

0:06:500:06:55

-Carry on.

0:06:590:07:01

-Francois...

0:07:010:07:02

-Le Blanc.

0:07:030:07:05

-Good luck.

0:07:080:07:10

-I did it. I was a step closer.

-I was on my way to Alsace-Lorraine.

0:07:110:07:16

-Alsace-Lorraine was on the border

-between France and Germany.

0:07:170:07:21

-The two countries had fought for it

-for years.

0:07:210:07:25

-In 1871,

-Germany conquered the territory.

0:07:250:07:28

-Many Frenchmen thought

-Alsace-Lorraine belonged to France.

0:07:290:07:33

-They wanted to get it back,

-whatever the cost.

0:07:330:07:37

-Germany and France

-prepared for a new war.

0:07:380:07:41

-Germany had more weapons.

0:07:420:07:45

-They had cannons and more soldiers.

0:07:450:07:48

-The French believed they had

-something far more important...

0:07:490:07:53

-..their fighting spirit,

-the famous French "elan."

0:07:530:07:58

-Next!

0:08:000:08:01

-Shouldn't you be in school?

0:08:100:08:11

-Shouldn't you be in school?

-

-Um, no.

0:08:110:08:13

-Attach the bayonets! Aim!

0:08:140:08:15

-Aren't you Thierry Gilbert

-from Epernay?

0:08:170:08:20

-No, I'm Francois Le Blanc.

0:08:200:08:22

-No, I'm Francois Le Blanc.

-

-Turn it!

0:08:220:08:24

-Hurry! It's your life, or his.

0:08:240:08:27

-I know your father!

0:08:280:08:30

-Is there a problem?

0:08:310:08:33

-I'm...

0:08:330:08:34

-No, captain!

0:08:350:08:38

-What are you waiting for? Attack!

0:08:380:08:41

-The French attacked

-in the same way...

0:08:450:08:48

-..as Napoleon

-had done a century before.

0:08:480:08:51

-Thousands of men

-advanced towards the enemy...

0:08:510:08:55

-..waving banners

-and sounding trumpets.

0:08:550:08:59

-Attacking, but not defending.

0:08:590:09:02

-The Germans prepared

-for a new style of warfare.

0:09:020:09:06

-Their grey field uniforms were

-difficult to see on the battlefield.

0:09:070:09:12

-The French

-thought this was cowardly.

0:09:130:09:16

-Their blue coats and red caps

-could be seen from afar...

0:09:180:09:23

-..like the shining helmets

-and breastplates of the cavalry.

0:09:230:09:27

-That's how the French intended

-to win back Alsace-Lorraine.

0:09:270:09:32

-They attacked

-whenever they had the chance.

0:09:320:09:36

-That's exactly

-what the Germans expected.

0:09:370:09:40

-Germany planned to conquer

-France in a matter of weeks.

0:09:410:09:46

-They called it The Schlieffen Plan.

0:09:460:09:49

-The French would be lured as far

-as possible into Alsace-Lorraine.

0:09:490:09:54

-In the meantime, Germany

-could march quietly through Belgium.

0:09:550:09:59

-If they were fast enough...

0:09:590:10:01

-..they'd conquer Paris

-before the French could respond.

0:10:020:10:06

-Germany would have won the war.

0:10:060:10:09

-It looked so pretty...

0:10:140:10:16

-..bright colours and

-bayonets shining in the sun.

0:10:160:10:20

-The Germans would be terrified

-to see us approach.

0:10:200:10:23

-I'll get a German helmet, an

-Iron Cross, or an emperor's medal!

0:10:240:10:30

-Can you see something?

0:10:300:10:31

-Can you see something?

-

-No, unfortunately.

0:10:310:10:32

-One of the helmets?

0:10:330:10:35

-Nothing. Their uniforms

-merge into the background.

0:10:380:10:41

-Maybe there's no-one there.

0:10:420:10:44

-Shouldn't we seek them out?

0:10:440:10:47

-We'll come across them.

0:10:470:10:49

-We may as well walk to Berlin!

0:10:500:10:52

-Attach the bayonets!

0:10:520:10:54

-Attach the bayonets!

-

-Stay close.

0:10:540:10:55

-WHISTLE

0:10:550:10:57

-EXPLOSIONS AND GUNFIRE

0:10:570:11:00

-I was ready to take

-one of the emperor's medals.

0:11:170:11:21

-Bayonets on!

0:11:210:11:23

-Bayonets on!

-

-WHISTLE

0:11:230:11:24

-Don't think, just run.

0:11:380:11:40

-Advance. I have to advance.

0:11:410:11:43

-The bullets

-are flying all around me...

0:11:440:11:47

-..but I have to advance, through

-the smoke and away from the gunfire.

0:11:470:11:52

-Don't fall. If I fall, I've had it.

0:11:520:11:56

-A body... don't think, just

-jump over it. Stay with Marcel.

0:11:590:12:03

-I'm safe with him.

0:12:030:12:06

-GUNFIRE

0:12:080:12:10

-The men are falling,

-four, five at a time. Go, just go!

0:12:110:12:16

-EXPLOSIONS AND GUNFIRE

0:12:200:12:23

-Marcel!

0:12:290:12:30

-Get up, Marcel! We have to advance!

0:12:330:12:35

-Marcel!

0:12:400:12:42

-Leave him there! Onwards!

0:12:430:12:45

-Marcel! Marcel!

0:12:500:12:52

-Marcel was dead.

0:13:080:13:10

-Advance!

0:13:160:13:17

-The French appetite for war

-disappeared overnight.

0:14:000:14:05

-They had lost Alsace-Lorraine.

0:14:120:14:15

-But worse still,

-France itself was in danger by now.

0:14:150:14:20

-How could I have been so stupid?

0:14:320:14:35

-Why was I so keen to go to war?

0:14:360:14:38

-For my country? For a medal?

0:14:390:14:41

-Your mother?

0:14:410:14:42

-Your mother?

-

-It's war!

0:14:420:14:43

-If anything happened to you,

-she'd die of a broken heart.

0:14:440:14:47

-We're at war with Germany.

0:14:480:14:50

-You're risking your life, son.

0:14:500:14:52

-Aren't you Thierry Gilbert

-from Epernay?

0:14:530:14:56

-They're firing at targets!

0:14:560:14:58

-Stay close.

0:14:580:15:01

-What will we gain from this war?

0:15:030:15:06

-War isn't about bravery.

0:15:060:15:08

-It's all potluck.

0:15:080:15:10

-The German plan

-seemed to be succeeding.

0:15:130:15:16

-Most of the French

-army was destroyed.

0:15:160:15:19

-The soldiers were retreating.

0:15:190:15:21

-This was also true

-of the Belgian and British armies.

0:15:220:15:26

-German pressure mounted.

0:15:290:15:31

-The Allies had to retreat

-further and further back.

0:15:320:15:36

-It seemed nothing could stop

-the German army.

0:15:380:15:41

-The road to Paris was clear.

0:15:420:15:44

-GUNSHOT

0:15:580:15:59

-Oh, no. A German.

0:16:060:16:08

-There are Germans nearby.

0:16:090:16:11

-I can still escape.

-No-one knows who I am.

0:16:160:16:20

-Francois Le Blanc.

0:16:260:16:28

-You have betrayed France.

0:16:280:16:30

-You will face a firing squad.

0:16:310:16:33

-Punishments meted out by the French

-army became increasingly harsher.

0:16:400:16:45

-No mercy was shown

-in the face of weakness.

0:16:450:16:48

-The war wasn't going according

-to the French plan.

0:16:480:16:53

-They would do anything

-to stop Germany.

0:16:530:16:58

-In no time at all,

-a new army was formed.

0:16:580:17:02

-Buses, cars and even taxis...

0:17:030:17:05

-..were used to take soldiers

-to the front.

0:17:060:17:09

-France's future was at stake.

0:17:120:17:15

-Every man had to fight.

-There was no place for cowards.

0:17:160:17:20

-GUNSHOTS

0:17:200:17:22

-DOOR OPENS

0:17:290:17:31

-I thought you might be hungry.

0:17:370:17:38

-I thought you might be hungry.

-

-Thanks.

0:17:380:17:39

-Please forgive us.

0:17:460:17:48

-You won't feel a thing tomorrow.

0:17:570:18:00

-We'll aim with precision.

0:18:000:18:02

-I promise.

0:18:030:18:04

-And there's no need

-for your parents to know.

0:18:060:18:10

-We'll tell them

-you died a brave soldier.

0:18:110:18:15

-Is that alright?

0:18:170:18:19

-Le Blanc of Belfort?

0:18:200:18:22

-Hey, don't cry. Is that alright?

0:18:220:18:25

-I couldn't believe it.

0:18:400:18:42

-They really intended to shoot me.

0:18:450:18:47

-Why? Why all of this?

0:18:480:18:50

-In World War One, soldiers

-could face the death penalty...

0:18:540:18:58

-..if they tried to escape

-or if they didn't follow an order.

0:18:580:19:02

-This happened even

-if the soldier wasn't a coward...

0:19:020:19:06

-..but in shock

-because of the horrors of war.

0:19:060:19:10

-Very often, the soldiers

-didn't get a fair hearing.

0:19:100:19:14

-In the first months of the war...

0:19:150:19:17

-..more than

-400 French soldiers were executed.

0:19:170:19:21

-You have been found guilty of

-cowardice in the face of the enemy.

0:19:350:19:39

-You have been sentenced to death.

0:19:390:19:41

-You have been sentenced to death.

-

-But captain!

0:19:410:19:42

-Proceed with the execution. Aim!

0:19:430:19:46

-I lied. My name is Thierry Gilbert

-and I'm only fourteen years old!

0:19:460:19:52

-That's far too young.

-He shouldn't even be here.

0:19:520:19:56

-He wanted to be a soldier.

-He shall be treated as one. Aim!

0:19:570:20:02

-Why shoot him?

-Will that help us win the war?

0:20:040:20:07

-The French learnt

-from their mistakes.

0:20:210:20:25

-Despite heavy losses,

-they fought back fanatically.

0:20:260:20:30

-They stopped the German advance

-not far from Paris.

0:20:310:20:36

-The capital city was safe.

-The Schlieffen Plan had failed.

0:20:380:20:42

-Let's go, boys.

-Let's beat those Germans.

0:20:480:20:51

-We'll pretend 'Francois Le Blanc'

-was shot. No-one will know.

0:20:520:20:57

-And you, Thierry Gilbert,

-can go home.

0:20:580:21:02

-For you, the war is over.

0:21:030:21:04

-And you, Thierry Gilbert,

-can go home.

0:21:170:21:20

-For you, the war is over.

0:21:200:21:23

-But the war continued.

0:21:230:21:25

-S4C Subtitles by Gwead

0:21:590:22:01

-.

0:22:020:22:02

Drama-ddogfen sy'n adrodd straeon plant a phobl ifanc yn ystod y Rhyfel Byd Cyntaf. Drama-documentary based on the experiences of children and young people during WW1.