Pennod 2 Rhyfel Mawr Trwy Lygaid Ifanc


Pennod 2

Drama-ddogfen yn seiliedig ar brofiadau plant a phobl ifanc yn ystod y Rhyfel Byd Cyntaf. Drama-documentary based on the experiences of children and young people during the WW1.


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-The First World War started

-a hundred years ago, in 1914.

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-The war changed the lives of men,

-women and children forever.

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-Children and young people

-from all over Europe...

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-..described their experiences

-in diaries or letters.

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-These are the stories

-of the Great War through their eyes.

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-One of them was

-a thirteen year old girl...

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-..from a village in Belgium near

-the Dutch border, Justine Verbeek.

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-"You must not steal,"

-my mother always says.

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-"Even though you're really hungry...

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-"..you don't touch

-other people's things!"

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-But this is different.

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-If we don't take them,

-they will rot.

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-So basically, this is not stealing,

-but "tidying up".

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-DISTANT GUNFIRE

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-THE ESCAPE

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-In August, 1914...

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-..the German army attacked Belgium.

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-The goal of the German Schlieffen

-Plan was to conquer France.

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-After drawing the French army

-deep into Alsace-Lorraine...

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-..the Germans would march

-through Belgium, attack Paris...

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-..and then win the war.

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-Belgium was neutral

-and not involved in the war.

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-The Germans thought all they had

-to do was march through Belgium...

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-..to reach France.

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-But the Belgian king said,

-"We are a country, not a road."

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-He fought alongside his soldiers

-and refused to yield...

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-..even when everyone thought

-the German army was unstoppable.

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-But the Belgians

-had a secret weapon - the sea.

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-If they opened the floodgates,

-the sea would flood their land.

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-It was too deep to cross

-and too shallow for boats.

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-This was how the German army

-would be stopped.

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-Despite their efforts, the Germans

-couldn't totally conquer Belgium.

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-But the Belgians and their allies

-France and Britain...

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-..couldn't drive the Germans

-out of the country.

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-The war halted in the west...

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-..when both sides

-began to dig trenches.

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-The war developed

-into a new form of static warfare.

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-The soldiers dug miles of trenches

-and tunnels to protect themselves.

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-The trenches were so deep, you could

-walk in them and not be seen.

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-As a result,

-the war lasted in Belgium...

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-..much longer

-than the Germans wanted.

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-This angered the German soldiers.

-They were cruel to the people.

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-Leave them, they're my soldiers!

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-Let them be, Antoin, please!

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-But they're my soldiers!

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-Mamma! Antoin!

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-Justine!

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-Why so shy?

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-Hands up!

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-All of you!

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-You too!

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-What is that?

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-What do we have here? A thief!

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-Since the outbreak of war...

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-..German soldiers attacked

-and looted Belgian houses and shops.

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-Nothing was safe.

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-The army stole knives and forks,

-mattresses, blankets...

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-..not to mention chickens,

-horses and cattle.

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-They particularly liked

-church clocks and bells...

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-..because metal could

-be used to make weapons.

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-And in addition...

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-Take her!

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-..many Belgians were imprisoned

-and made to work for the Germans.

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-I don't want to go!

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-Not my daughter, please!

-She's only a child!

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-Aah!

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-Thieves must be punished.

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-Let me punish her!

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-You should have done so before.

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-She will never steal again,

-I promise!

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-She can shovel coal for four months.

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-She can shovel coal for four months.

-

-She'll never survive that!

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-One less thief.

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-Mamma!

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-You can have everything,

-but not my child.

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-Not my child, please!

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-Alright.

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-Thank you!

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-Two thousand francs.

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-How much?

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-Two thousand francs in two days,

-or I will take your daughter.

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-Where will I find that much money?

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-Two days.

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-Untie her!

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-Justine.

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-Antoin.

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-The Germans plundered Belgium.

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-The Belgians had to pay taxes too.

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-Where could they find the money?

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-In the first weeks of the war,

-thousands of Belgians were shot.

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-Their villages were

-razed to the ground.

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-The whole country

-was being destroyed.

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-German soldiers

-burnt down many houses...

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-..and destroyed

-libraries and schools.

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-In Dinant, for example,

-they killed 700 ordinary people.

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-The Germans were furious because

-they weren't winning the war.

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-They wanted someone to blame.

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-Our neighbours collected

-corncobs as well.

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-I told you not to do that.

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-I told you not to do that.

-

-They weren't for me!

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-Stealing is stealing!

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-They were for you and Antoin,

-because you're so hungry.

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-That's why I gathered the corncobs.

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-Two thousand francs! How on earth

-will I find that much money?

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-Can we sell something?

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-What can we sell?

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-They've taken everything.

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-Is that just? The Germans steal what

-they want and no-one does anything!

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-You've done enough. You will

-stay indoors. Is that clear?

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-It's not fair.

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-Is that clear?

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-Only our neighbours can help us now.

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-Hey, my soldiers!

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-Our neighbours have no money either.

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-They were with me in the field...

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-..collecting corncobs.

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-What will you do?

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-I'll go to the Netherlands.

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-I'll go to the Netherlands.

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-No!

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-Yes!

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-Justine wasn't

-the only one who did this.

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-After the German attack...

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-..thousands of Belgians

-fled to neutral Netherlands...

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-..with their money, valuables,

-and all they could carry.

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-Their neighbouring country

-wasn't part of the war.

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-As well as children,

-women and the elderly...

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-..Germans soldiers fled

-to the Netherlands too.

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-They didn't want to fight.

-They left the army.

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-The longer the war lasted,

-the more soldiers left.

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-For this reason, the German army

-guarded the Dutch border carefully.

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-This wasn't easy.

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-It was a difficult area to guard,

-with many forests and rivers.

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-If the Germans wanted

-to stop the fugitives...

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-..they had to think of a new plan.

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-"You must not tell lies,"

-mother always says.

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-And she's right. Lying is bad.

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-I would never do it,

-certainly not to my mother.

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-But this is different,

-because now there's a war.

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-I have to cross the border.

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-In 1915...

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-..the Germans built a fence between

-the Netherlands and Belgium...

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-..from the North Sea

-to the German border.

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-It was 150 miles long.

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-It went through forests,

-villages and lakes.

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-It was a barbed wire fence,

-with searchlights.

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-Anyone who approached the fence

-was shot dead by guards.

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-If anyone tried to climb it,

-they'd get an electric shock...

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-..from the electrified wire.

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-Many Belgians weren't

-used to electricity.

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-Every day, someone was killed as

-they tried to climb over the fence.

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-That's why the Belgians

-called it the wire of death.

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-To cross the wire of death safely...

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-..fugitives came up

-with the most amazing methods.

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-They put wood under their feet,

-or tried to go over it on stilts.

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-Some people glued broken crockery

-to their shoe soles...

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-..or wore rubber clothing

-as protection from the electricity.

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-Not all the plans were successful.

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-Although it was very hard

-to go to the Netherlands...

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-..the flow of fugitives

-did not stop.

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-Justine, come here!

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-Justine!

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-Come here at once!

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-Justine, where are you?

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-I told her she had to stay indoors.

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-I don't understand.

-Antoin, where is Justine?

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-FOOTSTEPS

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-Do I have to remind you?

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-In the Netherlands.

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-Oh, no!

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-Don't complain.

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-Two thousand francs by tomorrow

-or I take you with me.

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-Stay here.

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-At first, Belgian fugitives

-were welcomed in the Netherlands.

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-I am so sorry but I have

-to sell Antoin's soldiers...

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-..to get these 2,000 francs.

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-The only Belgians with money left

-have fled to the Netherlands.

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-But so many arrived, the Dutch

-government had to build camps...

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-..where there were

-schools, hospitals...

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-..and even theatres and cinemas.

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-These camps were called

-the Belgians' Villages.

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-Hey, sonny!

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-Hey, sonny!

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-Look over here.

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-I have tin soldiers.

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-If you buy them from me,

-you can play with them.

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-Who is this, Gilbert?

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-Fabiola. I'm selling

-this tin soldier.

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-He is hand-painted and very old.

-That's why he costs 100 francs.

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-I have more, but they're so special

-I can only sell them one at a time.

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-Do you like it?

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-If she says they're special,

-they're special!

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-Belgians don't lie to each other.

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-If we lie and steal,

-we're as bad as the Germans.

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-No, Belgians help each other,

-especially in hard times.

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-Fabiola, how much for the whole box?

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-My name is Justine.

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-The Germans have taken everything

-and they still want 2,000 francs.

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-You wouldn't get

-2,000 francs for those.

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-Do you know what? I have an idea.

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-Stay here!

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-The letters, bring the letters here!

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-In many areas...

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-..the Germans prohibited people

-from sending letters by post...

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-..in case they revealed secrets

-about the German army to the enemy.

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-Here are 2,000 francs

-and the letters...

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-..to our relatives

-and friends back in Belgium.

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-Will you take them?

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-Every country feared spies.

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-Many were arrested and convicted for

-spying although they were innocent.

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-Sometimes, they were real spies.

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-People like the British

-nurse Edith Cavell...

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-..helped injured French soldiers

-escape to the Netherlands.

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-She was shot.

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-This was also the fate

-of Gabrielle Petit from Belgium.

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-She too was sentenced

-to death by the Germans.

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-She had crossed the wire

-of death more than twenty times.

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-When Justine brought letters back

-to Belgium and distributed them...

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-..she could expect the same

-punishment if she was discovered.

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-Was that what you had in mind?

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-A thief first, then a liar,

-now a smuggler too?

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-Or even worse, a spy?

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-Do you know what we do with spies?

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-I have the 2,000 francs!

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-Two thousand francs isn't

-enough for smuggling and spying!

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-Here, take it! It's for you!

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-Here, take it! It's for you!

-

-Stupid child!

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-Stop!

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-Aaah!

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-ELECTRIC CURRENT

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-Even if the Germans take all we have

-and destroy our country...

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-..that was not what I wanted.

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-Did the soldier die because of me?

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-No. It was the stupid war.

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-The terrible situation

-in Belgium was no secret.

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-The whole world sympathized with

-the Belgians and wanted to help.

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-Many countries

-organized collections.

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-Food and clothing

-were sent to Belgium.

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-But despite

-the whole world's support...

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-..the Belgians became

-increasingly angry...

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-..at the way

-the Germans mistreated them.

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-FOOTSTEPS

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-Come, the two days are over!

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-Mamma, don't go! Stay here!

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-Please, one moment!

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-Aunt Veerle will come for you.

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-I want to stay with you.

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-You must be brave.

-You're Mamma's brave boy.

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-Yes.

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-Eat well. Never go

-outdoors barefoot.

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-Mamma, I want to go with you.

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-Mamma, I want to go with you.

-

-Enough!

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-To keep the Belgians in check

-and get rid of any opposition...

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-..the German army arrested

-many innocent people.

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-People were imprisoned...

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-..when some regions refused

-to pay taxes to the Germans.

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-Every time German soldiers

-were attacked...

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-..innocent Belgians were punished.

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-Many in Europe...

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-..wanted to stop

-the Germans' terrible conduct.

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-But first, the German army

-had to be conquered.

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-Mamma!

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-Don't go!

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-Please wait! Don't go!

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-Mamma, Justine is back!

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-Here, I have the 2,000 francs!

-Count it!

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-Yes, we have the money!

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-Justine!

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-I'm sorry for all I've done.

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-You got the money!

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-You got the money!

-

-I have to distribute these letters.

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-Even better than lying and stealing!

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-Justine brought the soldiers back!

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-Thanks, Justine!

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-Distributing the letters

-is a dangerous task, of course.

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-But at least it's an honest one.

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-And maybe it will help bring

-an end to this terrible war.

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-S4C Subtitles by Gwead

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-.

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Drama-ddogfen yn seiliedig ar brofiadau plant a phobl ifanc yn ystod y Rhyfel Byd Cyntaf. Drama-documentary based on the experiences of children and young people during the WW1.