Episode 12 Springwatch


Episode 12

The marathon live wildlife event reaches its climax. What will have happened to the UK's favourite animal stars? Find out with the final live updates.


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Transcript


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It's all action in the woods, what is going on here?

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It's time to reveal the winner of this year's birds nest competition.

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Can they beat last year's winners? That was a tough one to beat.

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this week we have been joined by our guest naturalist who is down in

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Essex. How are you doing today, It is, of course, our oystercatcher,

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she's been behaving a little bit strangely and I did hope and wonder

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that it may be because - don't shake your head, I can see you - it

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may be that her eggs were about to hatch and yesterday she was doing

:03:11.:03:21.
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this, which was really strange. have to admit there was something

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going on there. Look at this, Chris, she was picking up little bits of

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:03:41.:03:42.

stone or slate from the wall as if What would she be doing? My mantra

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is there's a reason for everything in nature. Nothing is going to

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waste any time doing anything, I know you might think it's menial

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lifting up a tiny stone, but there's going to be a reason. I

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have come up with a theory, it's that she's bored, absolutely bored

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senseless. It's the best I can come up with. She's so desperate for her

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eggs to hatch that she's taken to picking up pebbles and chucking

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them on her back. They place them around the edge of the nest. I

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think she's possibly doing that and getting it a little bit wrong.

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you might be wrong. They might have hatched. Let's go to her live. They

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haven't, though. Sadly. She is sitting firmly on those two eggs.

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You did concede that this sort of slightly odd behaviour might be an

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indication that they're hearing the pipping of the chicks inside the

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eggs. Before they hatch the adult birds can hear the chicks inside

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the eggs, an for a few days and we think that we know where they were

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laid and that they might hatch at theened of this week or sometime

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over the the weekend so you are right, she could be listening to

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those, and he, and that's what's leading to this behaviour. Because

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they are behaving differently but I am afraid, they didn't come out.

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they didn't. One bird we have definitely enjoyed some real

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success with and it's been great to watch are our herons, let's go live

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to the nest. I know it's an empty nest, but this is bringing me, well,

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more joy than Katrina has this evening. This proves is they

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fledged successfully. It really does. It's amazing timing because

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this is the first time at this time of evening we have gone live to the

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heron nest and seen no herons. We have been following them all over

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the three weeks we have been on air and when we first met them - they

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haven't changed in size much. They were still hunched grumpy looking,

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but very much dependent on the adults. Adults coming in and they

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were pulling down the bills to feed them. Now it seems they're an

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hunting. They're learning to hunt. We have been watching them and you

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see them pecking at things all the time. They don't always get it

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right. The adults today have been out in front of us and we captured

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them on the marsh-cam. A couple of times they were in there

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successfully catching eels. The technique is simple. They stand

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still. Presumably the fish were slow-moving. They twist them around

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and go down head first. youngsters will continue learning

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from the adults and how long will it be before they're fully

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independent do you think? It can be 80 days. Even then they might hang

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around a family group. Eventually the young will disperse and they go

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quite a distance away, up to 80 kilometres at least and in any

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direction. Sometimes towards the south west although they don't

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migrate in this country. Other parts of Europe they migrate.

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bird you introduced us to yesterday has also been seen on the reserve

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today taking full advantage. Look at this. What made us laugh about

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these is that the heron is standing There are two strategies. One is

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sit and wait, the other is expend energy, so it has to get more of a

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return. You would expect it to catch more fish. Let's go live to

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the buzzards. They have been tremendously entertaining. These

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two are quite dozy. They have had a great variety of food. These ones

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are maturing nicely. I am very confident they will survive. The

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younger of the two has got to a size where it is unlikely they will

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push out of the nest. There was a lot of bullying earlier on. Now

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they seem to have caught up with the bigger ones. They seem to be

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doing very well. There was something that a lot all of us that

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happened earlier today. Have a This was happening somewhere in the

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vicinity of the buzzard nest. The camera is having a pan around to

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see if he could spot what is making that is spitting noises and setting

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of the crows, which it seemed to upset as well. There is a real

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I think that some of the food that the buzzards are not eating, they

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picked the bones, they left some of the larger parts, the youngsters,

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it could be falling off the nest underneath it. The sound we heard

:09:03.:09:13.
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is undoubtably foxes. They could be fighting over some food and that

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might explain the presence of the Crow. Every week we have been very

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fortunate to be joined by a guest naturalistic. We have had Charlie

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Hamilton James, this week it has been lose. Where is she? We are up

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there. If we zoomed out you can see we are in West Wales but if we zoom

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back into the south-east, of England, in Essex, weekend Liz is

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on that landfill site. We presume you are having a very nice evening?

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Very nice. We do get a cacophony of Fox sounds every evening as well

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which we are laughing. All week, we have been filming the wildlife

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making a living alongside human landscape and down there is part of

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the restored land. It dates back to the 1970s, the last time this part

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of the site was active. It is also where I had an amazing Fox

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encounter and it is where we will try to bring you live foxes on

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Springwatch. Let's turn our attention to the active part. We

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throw out 57 million tonnes of waste in the UK every year. That is

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more than any other EU country. In 2018, we are going to run out of

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space in landfill, that is just seven years' time. The government

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is working on increasing the amount we recycle so it restricts the

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amount of waste that gets to landfill. It is also looking on

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more biodegradable waste being put to composting and turning waste

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into energy. But we need more solutions and we need them fast.

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Ultimately we need to change our attitude. Until drastic changes are

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made to our throwaway culture, animals are going to continue to

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try to make a living alongside all of our discarded rubbish. Some

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species are doing fairly well with that option. We showed yesterday

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that wildlife was driving alongside a golf course. What about

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brownfield sites? They are interesting because they are made

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by man and then we abandon it and then wildlife moods in and does

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very well without any help from us whatsoever. Do you remember it says

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Henshaw from a couple of nights ago? -- Sarah Henshaw? She loves

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brownfield sites. She showed us one I have always been into cultivation

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and barks. I have about 1400 species of in vertebrate recorded

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on this side which puts it in the top three sides in the whole of the

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UK. -- sites. It has been. Britain's rainforest for

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invertebrates. When you think about the UK's riches wildlife sites, if

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you ask the general public, they may think of ancient woodlands,

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meadows, wetlands. They wouldn't necessarily think about places like

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this but this is one of the best sites in the whole of the UK. Can

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be Wick has an interesting history. Historically it was coastal grazing

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marsh and then in the 60s, two meetings of drudging was put in the

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site to prepare it for an oil refinery. The oil refinery never

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actually happened and in 19 SEP- 23, it was abandoned and it has been

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abandoned since then -- and in 1973, it was abandoned. I like brownfield

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sites because they are a bit of a diamond in the rough. At first look,

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they look messy and untidy but if you look a little bit closer, they

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are real special places which wildlife has taken hold of and

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I have been working in invertebrate Conservation for two years ago

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worked for a wildlife charity. When the first survey of this area was

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done in 2000, we found three species which we thought were

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extinct and that includes the can be beetle, only found at this site

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and no where else. -- can feed The ground is not just good for

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invertebrates, it is also good for amphibians and reptiles. For

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example, we have basking adders. Common lizards are common all

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Brownfield sites don't just support native wildlife. They also support

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alien species. It is the wild flowers which are particularly

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important for the bumblebee This is an excellent example of

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what can happen on a site when The Land Trust, along with the RSPB

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and "By Clive" are planning to make this the first brownfield site

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reserve in the area. That is not just for the amazing what life but

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the people of Canvey Island to win joined appreciate the wildlife on

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their doorstep. Brownfield sites, fast becoming a very important

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wildlife habitat in this country and proves that nature once again

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can be very resilient and adaptable. Let's take a look at some of our

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cameras on the restored land. Any foxes? No. We will endeavour to get

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you wild foxes by the end of the show live on Springwatch. See you

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Thank you! We have come to the place that we call heron point.

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Something happened at the buzzard nest today. Let's have a look. You

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can see in an earlier rain shower, the adult was sheltering those two

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chicks from the rain but look, as we all comes in, the adult gives it

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quite a beady look but does not go for it. I think it is preoccupied

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with brooding the chicks in the rain but the squirrel, potentially

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dicing with death. Once an animal knows a predator is looking at it,

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the predator is at a disadvantage because it hasn't got the element

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of surprise. It was dicing with death because it seems for buzzard

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families, the squirrel is very high up on their list of favourite foods.

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Here is and adult bringing in a school for the two little chicks

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which they attack him to with relish -- bringing in a squirrel.

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grey squirrels have been brought him in both of the nests. They are

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good, rich meat for the youngsters. They are quite heavy. I was going

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to say there must be quite difficult for the buzzards to get

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because they are big and agile and I imagine they would fight like

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hell. If this will all those above that is coming, it will get it. But

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the buzzards are capable of catching things up to 500 grams,

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considerably larger than a squirrel. Let's go to this... It almost looks

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like an adult bird. A couple of weeks ago, it was still covered

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with lots of doubt. There is no doubt on visible at all. It will be

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out of their nest within the next couple of weeks and it will then

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hang around with the adults up to four and a half months. Presumably,

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it is real tactics that they need to learn to be able to feed

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themselves. The adults will continue to feed them as well. They

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make a terrible noise. If you hear that call repeatedly, it is the

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youngster, they go out begging for a couple of months. But this one

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has been preparing for the moment when it will leave the nest. A lot

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of wings flapping. Looking like it almost wants to take off. Do you

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think it is thinking about a maiden flight? I think it is building up

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its flight muscles. It is exercising. It is learning the

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mechanics of flying, hanging on to Also thing it's been doing is

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practising grabbing things. Obviously, the prey there well and

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truly dead, but as you say it looks like it's practising pouncing,

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using its talons to pin down that prey. It's there, all the instinct

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is there. You see its tail there, well down. Well developed.

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Presumably, for its fledgeling to be successful it needs to keep

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exercising, it needs to be as fit and strong as possible. Exercise is

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Mo, that's enough of that. It's the Olympics next year and I am

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considering two strategies. One, I could lay back, relax, eat a few

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chocolates and enjoy the action on the big screen. Or two, I could

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spend more time on the exercise bike. I will never be as fit as the

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athletes winning but at least I will get into the spirit of things.

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But what about wildlife when it comes to health and fitness? It

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might surprise you to know that birds will actually exercise. Young

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birds and migrants spent more time flapping their wings to build up

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muscles before the big day. But they're also involved in doping

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scandals. Scientists have discovered that sandpipers will

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concentrate by feeding on shrimps which are rich in emega three and

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when this chemical gets into their muscles it greatly enhances their

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ability to use oxygen. So, they make it to their wintering grounds

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but they'd fail a drugs test. It's not just birds that use chemicals

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either. Bees when they're out foraging will collect pine pine

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resins which they turn into a compound which they line the

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complete inside of their nest with as a sterilising agent. You might

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remember last year those blue tits that were bringing mint into one of

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the nests. Kind teuss have determined this has anti-terial

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properties. The chemicals in plants are thought to have anti-pesticidal

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qualities to keep the number of parasites down, which is a

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brilliant idea, of course. I have got a brilliant idea of my own, and

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that is when I am working on this theory that chocolate has lots of

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very important chemical qualities in it so I think the best thing to

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do throughout the course of the Olympics is to get masses of it or

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maybe get some mint in. Or Minty There will be more top sporting

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tips from Professor Packham in Autumnwatch later in the year. It's

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time to catch up with one of my favourite animals on Springwatch.

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How my going to tpwet up here! That's the little owlsment we were

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lucky enough to have caught up with a project by Emily and she managed

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to get cameras inside the little owls' nest giving us that

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privileged view. So, let's have a look inside the nest. This is how

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we left our little owls last time. This is the very latest that we

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have had from Emily. They look fabulous.

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During there was a children's show called The Flumps. All four of them

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have grown up, they're looking magnificent and they're almost

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ready to go out and branch, I think. They're almost ready to leave that

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nest and Emily had to ring these owllets. There they are. Four

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little owllets, so that's a very happy ending to our owl story.

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Thank you, Emily. Happy ending. We have also had a happy beginning

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here. If you have been watching the show you will know up stream from

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here the first Ospreys to nest in this part of Wales have done so for

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more than 400 years. Now, Ospreys move back to Wales in 2004, and

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they began to nest in the north, The good news is, as Chris said, we

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have Ospreys nesting just a kilometre along the Estuary from

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here. We have been following their fortunes. There are three chicks in

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this nest. The adults both in attendance and bringing in plenty

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of food, including... This looks dangerous! A rather alive mullet.

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The chick close toast the camera has sense -- closest to the camera

:24:17.:24:27.
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has has taken refuge. What's really scary, Amir, who has been

:24:27.:24:34.

monitoring these birds, was poised rushing out to go in one - in case

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one of them got butted out of the nest by this fish. Poor little

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thing. We were worried initially because these are the first - this

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is the first time these adults have bred and they were having

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difficulty fighting -- feeding the chicks, you can see no difficulty

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catching fish and those chicks are thriving. Would you help me do a

:24:59.:25:09.

little experiment? Put your hand out flat. Do you know, Kate, I

:25:09.:25:14.

think they're going to be OK! That's not science either. Look,

:25:14.:25:17.

take that because I have a present for you. Look, you will be very

:25:17.:25:23.

impressed. This was sent by Amir, and it's a breakdown of what they

:25:24.:25:32.

have been feeding on and mostly it is mullet. 53%. 28% sea trout. 9%

:25:32.:25:37.

flounder and a few other fish. A healthy diet, I would say. I am

:25:37.:25:42.

pleased with that and pleased with your enthusiasm. I too have a bar

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chart. This is other statistics. In week one we had two, in week two,

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we had two. But this week we have had a fantastic three statistical

:25:55.:25:58.

representations bar charts, diagrams... I think that could be a

:25:58.:26:04.

bar chart too far. You can't throw that down, Kate.

:26:04.:26:10.

The shame of Kate Humble. It's not war. But it's the end of love.

:26:10.:26:15.

Tantrums, kids kids! It's just us now. Let's talk about toads one

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final time. We saw all those tiny little toadlets around here and

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they're all common toads but there's another sort of toad, much

:26:25.:26:35.
:26:35.:26:39.

rarer, it's fast, it's flashy. Let's have a look.

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I have come here to Cumbria on this blustery day to meet Richard Irvine.

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When Richard started farming here he would go out at night and hear

:26:50.:26:53.

the most bizarre sounds. It took him ten years to find out what was

:26:53.:27:02.

making those sounds. It turned out to be something rather special.

:27:02.:27:09.

They're nocturnal animals. In the spring they congregate around the

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breeding ponds. When you approach the noise they're making you can

:27:13.:27:16.

find them, and there they were. Something we hadn't seen before. I

:27:16.:27:21.

didn't realise it was anything special, so it's a real joy.

:27:21.:27:25.

What is this special animal? I have come out with Richard to uncover

:27:25.:27:34.

the mystery. Loads! Loads of them! Have a look.

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Look at that. They're beautiful. This is a natterjack toad and you

:27:49.:27:52.

can tell it is because they have this bright yellow stripe down

:27:52.:27:59.

their back and a common toad would never have that. My friend Chris

:27:59.:28:09.
:28:09.:28:09.

Packham, calls these the Lamborghini of theam fibian --

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amphibian world. Look at the back legs. They are very short. They

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would be no use to the French. Richard! How long could they live

:28:18.:28:23.

to potentially? Teenagers, 14, 15. They are pretty rare, aren't they?

:28:23.:28:26.

Very rare. There's about 50 sites in the country where they are.

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do they need to be successful? the sites that do exist, all seem

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to be on the coast and I think that's probably because it stops

:28:35.:28:42.

the encroachment of the common toad, the competition. Natterjacks are in

:28:42.:28:45.

trouble. Their numbers have declined all over the country. But

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Cumbria is a stronghold with over 50% of the population living here.

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On Richard's farm he does everything he can to help these

:28:55.:29:01.

increasingly rare animals thrive. Grazing sheep help produce short

:29:01.:29:04.

grass runways for that's Lamborghini legs to run around in

:29:04.:29:08.

and find food. And by digging shallow pools he has created

:29:08.:29:13.

perfect breeding habitats. But to have the full natterjack experience

:29:13.:29:18.

I need to come back at night and discover them more or less the same

:29:18.:29:24.

way Richard did 30 years ago. Here we are, Richard, on a chilly

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Cumbrian night. Too cold, I am afraid. It's quiet at the moment.

:29:28.:29:33.

What do we do, wait and hope? and it will happen, I am sure. If

:29:33.:29:39.

you shine your torch on these ponds you will probably see a toad's head

:29:39.:29:44.

sticking up. We are listening out for, if it does happen, it's the

:29:44.:29:49.

males? It's only the males that call, yeah. They'll be down here

:29:49.:29:54.

every night. Can you hear that one? One will start up and then another

:29:54.:29:58.

one will join in. Before you know where you are, you will have a

:29:58.:30:06.

whole gang. That's exactly what's happening.

:30:06.:30:12.

That's absolutely bizarre. Chilly Cumbrian evening, it sounds

:30:12.:30:18.

like we are in the pooling tropics, doesn't it? Absolutely. Think you

:30:18.:30:26.

are in Africa. Or the rainforest. It's a lovely sound. We reckon they

:30:26.:30:30.

travel three miles from here. Natterjacks are the livelyest

:30:30.:30:33.

amphibians we have in Europe and the call is made by their voicebox

:30:33.:30:43.
:30:43.:30:45.

and the balloon-like pouch helps I am staggered that such a tiny

:30:45.:30:49.

creature can make such a dim! Do you think the female can tell the

:30:49.:30:56.

difference? There must be something about the quality of the sound that

:30:56.:31:04.

is an indicator of how tough and fit he is! The it has completely

:31:04.:31:10.

stopped now. There is an eerie silence and the wind blowing about

:31:10.:31:20.
:31:20.:31:24.

our ears. The tropics have left us, Made it! The few knew what we had

:31:24.:31:31.

just done! We have had some fascinating and beautiful birds and

:31:31.:31:35.

my favourites had been the Pied flycatchers, a typical small bird

:31:35.:31:41.

of these wonderful woodlands. There of 38,000 pairs in the UK and we

:31:41.:31:46.

have seen a couple of nests failed here this year but Malcolm Burgess

:31:46.:31:50.

has told us it has been quite a good year. The males have a right

:31:51.:31:55.

up to eight days earlier and their first lie in was the earliest since

:31:55.:32:01.

1955. The clutch size was higher and they had been fledging 4.24

:32:01.:32:07.

young per nest. Some of the young birds will move out of woodland and

:32:07.:32:10.

into farmland and then by mid-July and August, they will start to

:32:10.:32:16.

migrate. They will make the jump all the way down to Congo and

:32:16.:32:21.

Guinea. What a bird! There is a bird you have been missing and it

:32:21.:32:27.

is the blue tit. We often see blue tits on Springwatch. Have they been

:32:27.:32:32.

affected this spring? They are laying 10 days earlier than they

:32:32.:32:37.

were in 1968. Not a huge difference this year than previous years but

:32:37.:32:47.
:32:47.:32:49.

most of the blue tits had laid by 27th May before we were on air.

:32:49.:32:53.

They too were making use of the caterpillar bonanza that allowed

:32:53.:32:59.

the Pied flycatchers that nested only to be successful.

:32:59.:33:03.

blackbirds are in real trouble. Their weight has dropped, then

:33:03.:33:09.

nests have failed, the X haven't hatched, all sorts of problems for

:33:09.:33:13.

the blackbirds. -- the eggs. Open up the compost if you can so they

:33:13.:33:19.

can have some food. It is all because the rain didn't come. There

:33:19.:33:24.

we know were Ms. Let's switch from birds to what I think has been the

:33:24.:33:29.

stars of this series. We never expected we would come across grass

:33:29.:33:33.

snakes but that compost heap provided us with a rare insight

:33:33.:33:38.

into this creature's ecology. These are mainly females that have turned

:33:38.:33:43.

up to deposit their eggs. One treat would be to be here in July and

:33:43.:33:49.

August and see the youngsters come out. I think we will throw down the

:33:49.:33:55.

gauntlet to our wildlife cameramen. If our wildlife camera men fancy a

:33:55.:34:01.

trip back here in August and September... I am just getting in

:34:01.:34:09.

my ear, we can cut live to would last camp. That is a highlight,

:34:09.:34:16.

Chris! Two woodlice moving! They are moving! You see, you were

:34:16.:34:22.

waiting for live foxes, and we have got woodlice. It is now time from

:34:22.:34:26.

our final wildlife adventure and after a little snack and cake,

:34:26.:34:36.
:34:36.:34:40.

Chris said he wanted to take me Superb. With a belly full of fine

:34:40.:34:43.

tea and carrot cake, I think it is time to show Martin the woodlands

:34:43.:34:50.

that Newcastle has to offer. Just outside the city is Gosford Park

:34:50.:34:54.

nature reserve. Top place. I am very conscious of the fact

:34:54.:34:58.

that we very often neglect plants on Springwatch. People often

:34:58.:35:04.

complain. Justifiably because they are fascinating and beautiful.

:35:04.:35:14.
:35:14.:35:16.

These are gorgeous. The way they unravelled... It is called Sir...

:35:16.:35:22.

That is known as the closure. The design of the Bishop's one is based

:35:22.:35:30.

upon the firm. I have never heard such stuff! Second year, botany, at

:35:30.:35:35.

Reading University. I have been waiting years to tell you that!

:35:35.:35:42.

have brought you here to show you a terrific, a genuine atrophied. --

:35:42.:35:52.
:35:52.:35:55.

-- triffid. It is actually an orchid, my favourite plant! It is

:35:55.:35:59.

something I had been hunting for years and I must prostrate myself

:35:59.:36:07.

before this magnificent specimen! It is in Slough! -- flower! The

:36:07.:36:12.

reason it is so rare is because it relies on a specific fungus that is

:36:12.:36:16.

in itself only found near Rottenberg trees. It doesn't

:36:16.:36:20.

photosynthesise, it gets all its nutrients from its fungal root part

:36:20.:36:30.
:36:30.:36:34.

This is about as exotic as orchids get. To come across it now is a

:36:34.:36:40.

lifetime's challenge realised. It is a dream come true. I will not

:36:40.:36:45.

forget this. Amazing. But now it is getting late. The light is fading

:36:45.:36:50.

and with it, nature's somnolence symphony of the evening sound. What

:36:50.:36:56.

more could Chris often the? The Orchid was fantastic, thank you.

:36:56.:37:01.

Splendid. But the evening is drawing on. This is the gloaming.

:37:01.:37:09.

Should we not hail our host? can't waste the gloaming. You never

:37:09.:37:13.

know when the next gloaming will come and it is at this time that

:37:13.:37:18.

one of our most exciting batss emerges and over there in that tree

:37:18.:37:23.

there are three holes. You can see one, a woodpecker holes. These are

:37:23.:37:30.

used by a very large, active colony of batss. I will teach you a fine

:37:30.:37:38.

art. The fine art of bad stoning. am vegetarian, I am sorry. Do you

:37:38.:37:45.

just love it at them? It is a tradition. As kids, we were always

:37:45.:37:51.

out stoning bats. All you do, you take the stone and place it there

:37:51.:37:54.

in between your thumb and forefinger so you can flick it

:37:54.:38:00.

upwards, and you hold it ready for a bat to come over. The objective

:38:00.:38:03.

obviously is not to hit the bat with the stone but to attempt it.

:38:03.:38:08.

If you have about flying past, you can judge its so you flick it up in

:38:08.:38:14.

front of it so that the stone falls back as close to you as possible.

:38:14.:38:18.

The batss will respond thinking they were large airborne insects, a

:38:18.:38:23.

beetle perhaps, and they would swoop down. The winner is the one

:38:23.:38:28.

that can get the bat to swoop closest to them. It works! That

:38:28.:38:34.

stoning. I have never heard of it. I want to do it. Armed with a bag

:38:34.:38:44.
:38:44.:38:49.

of stones, we waited for the bats That is classic... They are really

:38:49.:38:56.

big. I would be surprised if there were not 30 or 40 in there. In that

:38:56.:39:02.

tree?! The time was now. The gloaming had transmogrified into

:39:02.:39:08.

darkness. Perfect conditions for that stoning. I lost my hat in the

:39:08.:39:18.
:39:18.:39:26.

These are not big enough to be the nocturnal bats. These feed on much

:39:26.:39:33.

smaller insects. This to them would be like throwing an oven-ready

:39:33.:39:43.
:39:43.:39:48.

Yes! Look at that! Right in front of us! The sport of it! Honestly,

:39:48.:39:53.

is there anything more satisfying and stoning aback to of an evening?

:39:53.:40:03.
:40:03.:40:04.

Look at that! -- stoning a bat of an evening? Loop the loop! Yes!!

:40:04.:40:14.
:40:14.:40:15.

really did turn around! I believe in that stoning. -- that stoning.

:40:15.:40:22.

That is a song title! Can we go? One More! We will be here all night.

:40:22.:40:30.

I think we have got the knack! Come on! What is he like? You don't get

:40:30.:40:38.

a chance like this every night. Welcome back to Springwatch life. -

:40:38.:40:47.

- live. Three foxes... Playing... Please don't go. This is fantastic.

:40:47.:40:51.

They have been giving us such a display right here on the grass. It

:40:51.:40:56.

has been absolutely wonderful. We have done it, kind of. There is a

:40:56.:41:00.

brave little fellow that is hanging around and hopefully he will come

:41:00.:41:04.

back. The rain has been threatening, it has been nerve-racking, but

:41:04.:41:09.

there you have it, foxes! The reason why there is a high charge

:41:09.:41:13.

of doing this live in the first place is because there is a very

:41:13.:41:18.

high density of foxes here and it is all because of all the food they

:41:18.:41:23.

can get at the land fill. That very much changes their territories and

:41:23.:41:29.

how they interact. First of all the density here is really high. We

:41:29.:41:32.

have 50 territories on this site. The territories themselves are not

:41:32.:41:36.

as big as usual as they would be in the wild because the foxes don't

:41:36.:41:41.

have to forage as far afield to get their food and the territories

:41:41.:41:48.

overlap a little bit. When it comes to family groups, this is my

:41:48.:41:52.

favourite by the way, we have been watching him all afternoon and a

:41:52.:41:56.

handful in love with him, but family groups a very different as

:41:56.:42:01.

well. Sometimes you get foxes that remain there that would usually

:42:01.:42:06.

disburse in the wild. For example, an old fox that was the dominant

:42:06.:42:11.

fox earlier on or younger foxes. This date in the group and they

:42:11.:42:18.

help feed this year's cups -- the base date in the group. There are a

:42:18.:42:26.

lot of encounters happening which changes the interaction. It has

:42:27.:42:31.

been a fairly unusual week so we wanted to also find out where that

:42:31.:42:36.

urbanisation ever affect wildlife detrimentally so we headed to

:42:36.:42:41.

Southend on Sea, we hung out with Essex boy racers and we did a

:42:41.:42:44.

little experiment to find out whether snails are affected by a

:42:45.:42:54.
:42:55.:43:18.

We humans affect wildlife in lots of different ways. One of the most

:43:18.:43:21.

obvious being the amount of traffic absolutely everywhere. One

:43:21.:43:26.

scientist is looking into how that traffic is affecting one particular

:43:26.:43:31.

species. This male. These lot know how to get the most out of their

:43:31.:43:39.

motors so we will enlist their help -- snails. This is Dr Rupert

:43:39.:43:42.

Marshall from Aberystwyth University. What exactly is going

:43:42.:43:50.

We have a speaker capable of putting out large sounds. Down the

:43:50.:43:55.

bottom, snails. One from the middle of the city and once on the

:43:55.:43:59.

countryside. What we will do is put the snails on top of the platform

:43:59.:44:04.

and see how they behave and what we expect to see is that the one from

:44:04.:44:07.

the City will carry on cruising around when we start playing loud

:44:07.:44:14.

music. But the roof of snails should stay in its shell or shrink

:44:14.:44:24.
:44:24.:44:30.

back into its shell -- that rural You have got the country bumpkin.

:44:30.:44:40.
:44:40.:44:46.

Graham, turn up your speaker. BASS. The city boy is out. Even the

:44:46.:44:50.

platform is moving on top of the speaker. That is how loud the base

:44:50.:44:57.

is. He seems to be OK. He is moving. Nothing going on with the other one,

:44:57.:45:06.

If he spent his life in the middle of a field we should not be

:45:06.:45:09.

surprised he is apprehensive to come out to the sound of this.

:45:09.:45:17.

is thus telling us about snails? shows that some species are capable

:45:17.:45:21.

of adapting to urban life. The noise of the buses and the cars and

:45:21.:45:26.

everything, the City snell was happy with it, but the country one

:45:26.:45:30.

was not used to it. What is the advantage of the snails being able

:45:30.:45:35.

to stay out in spite of the noise? If they do not stay out and they go

:45:35.:45:38.

into their shells all the time, they will never eat and they will

:45:38.:45:42.

stays more. They need to come out. The shrinking violets on the

:45:43.:45:46.

countryside, when they come into the city, they will not do very

:45:46.:45:53.

well. It is all about survival. is. I guess you could look at all

:45:53.:45:56.

different types of species and how urbanisation is affecting their

:45:56.:46:02.

behaviour. Absolutely. Building a car park and a railway line, we are

:46:02.:46:08.

always affecting our environment. It has been a blast, excuse the pun.

:46:08.:46:18.
:46:18.:46:27.

He is not feeling it! It is the Welcome back. Is that a sight for

:46:27.:46:31.

sore eyes? We have really been enjoying watching the different

:46:31.:46:36.

personality types. Some of these are bold as brass, others extremely

:46:36.:46:40.

shy and really - you couldn't describe them as tame and it's

:46:40.:46:46.

beautiful to watch that. Stunning animals. Come back to us soon and

:46:46.:46:51.

we will try and get you more tpbgses -- foxes.

:46:51.:46:54.

Amazing live pictures of foxes, I never thought they'd do it. It's

:46:54.:47:01.

now time to start the build-up to our winner of Britain's Barmiest

:47:01.:47:05.

Bird's Nest. Before we do that, we have noticed something very, very

:47:05.:47:15.
:47:15.:47:45.

Come on, Martin. Here is the moment. Britain's Barmiest Bird's Nest.

:47:45.:47:55.
:47:55.:47:56.

Let's start with a runner-up, it's from James. Have a look at this.

:47:56.:48:02.

Where is it? It's in front of the electrical shop. What on earth is

:48:02.:48:11.

on the telly! No way! You said they get a bit bored, clearly watching

:48:11.:48:15.

Springwatch is a perfect way to spend your incubation time. Here is

:48:15.:48:22.

the winner from Pauline Hocking. Have a look at what Pauline sent us.

:48:22.:48:28.

Look closely. This is a fairground in South End and this is the

:48:28.:48:35.

rollercoaster. Look in the middle of that loop. No No way! It's a

:48:35.:48:41.

crow and it's not just landed there, it has its nest. Every time they

:48:41.:48:46.

come around the crow has to leave the nest for fear of having its

:48:46.:48:50.

head lopped off. Thank you very much indeed. That's a worthy winner

:48:50.:48:55.

this year. Congratulations, Pauline. Of course, we always love to hear

:48:55.:49:05.
:49:05.:49:09.

from you and our website will be up If you are not confident about

:49:09.:49:13.

being online there is the First Click campaign, all you do is

:49:13.:49:23.
:49:23.:49:26.

They will tell you where there is a bebeginner's computer course close

:49:26.:49:32.

to you and there will be no excuse. The stars for most people this year

:49:32.:49:35.

were our barn owls. Let's go live to our barn owls now to see how

:49:35.:49:45.
:49:45.:49:51.

they're getting on. They've been They're all busy sleeping. The real

:49:51.:49:55.

star of all of these was a little baby barn owl you called Bob. Here

:49:55.:50:05.
:50:05.:50:05.

Apology for the loss of subtitles for 61 seconds

:50:05.:51:07.

Fantastic. Here's to you, Bob, thank you for being a star. But

:51:07.:51:11.

without further ado we should head back to Essex to Liz and see if

:51:11.:51:16.

she's any more live foxes. It looks like she has.

:51:16.:51:20.

Yeah, we do. The adults getting ever closer and

:51:20.:51:23.

it's usually the adults that are much more wary but what's

:51:23.:51:28.

interesting is within the fox cubs one sibling is very brave and is

:51:28.:51:32.

going to get more food when the truckers that do feed the foxes

:51:32.:51:36.

occasionally do feed them, but it can also be a disadvantage because

:51:36.:51:42.

the braver cubs tend to wander further away, they're courageous

:51:42.:51:45.

and tend to get into trouble, whether it's encroaching on another

:51:45.:51:50.

male fox's territory or, unfortunately, with traffic. It's

:51:50.:51:55.

usually the shier sibling that shadows his mother that will end up

:51:55.:51:59.

doing well and often times inher its the territory. Beautiful

:51:59.:52:02.

interactions this evening on a gorgeous evening here. Something

:52:02.:52:06.

else really wonderful happened, another surprise that was offered

:52:06.:52:13.

up to us here. Gary, our soundman, specialist soundman, I hasten to

:52:13.:52:16.

add, was setting up a couple of nights ago and he heard something

:52:16.:52:26.
:52:26.:52:28.

rather wonderful in the trees. Look When I first heard these these

:52:28.:52:32.

doves, we sat on the edge of the grass and I became aware of the

:52:32.:52:39.

fact I could hear turtle doves. It's like a really warm cooing,

:52:39.:52:44.

it's a little bit like a lullaby. It's become incredibly rare in

:52:44.:52:51.

Britain. I think since the 1970s their numbers are down by 89%. I

:52:51.:52:55.

genuinely couldn't believe that I was hearing turtle doves. For two

:52:55.:53:00.

years now I have pursued this bird, so I went to all the classic

:53:00.:53:08.

British places, farmland in Norfolk, Wiltshire, and I have not really

:53:08.:53:11.

got good recordings. The last place I expected to find these birds

:53:11.:53:21.
:53:21.:53:22.

would be on a landfill site in Essex. I guess why it's so great

:53:22.:53:25.

for these birds is because of the regeneration, there's scrub for

:53:25.:53:29.

them to nest in and areas of regeneration and wild flowers which

:53:29.:53:36.

is basically the food. Because these birds are hunted so

:53:36.:53:44.

much on their migration route they have a real% real persecution

:53:44.:53:48.

complex. They're not that easy to see. An you will hear them and

:53:48.:53:56.

never see them. Honestly, this place has given us

:53:56.:54:00.

so many surprises this week. It's been a wonderful experience.

:54:00.:54:05.

Another wonderful reminder of how resilient, how resourceful,

:54:05.:54:08.

adaptable wildlife can be, despite the challenges that we throw at it.

:54:08.:54:18.
:54:18.:54:55.

Here is a little reminder of what It's been a wonderful week. A big

:54:55.:54:59.

thank you to Shaun Taylor and all the team here, they've been amazing

:54:59.:55:03.

and a massive thank you to Phil Shaw for allowing us to have this

:55:03.:55:08.

experience with the foxes. Lots of love. Thank you and good night.

:55:08.:55:16.

Thank you, Liz. Bye. What a fantastic job. Thank you so much.

:55:16.:55:21.

Now, she had such a fantastic time. Our live cameras are about to be

:55:21.:55:26.

switched off, which one would you like to look at before we do?

:55:26.:55:36.
:55:36.:55:38.

contest, for the younger viewer. I hope these, tickling the palm of a

:55:38.:55:47.

youngster this summer will seed a lifelong interest. I would like to

:55:47.:55:53.

see Buzzard-cam. I shall miss them. Feathers are coming. I am wondering,

:55:53.:55:58.

have our herons come back to the nest for a final goodbye? They

:55:58.:56:04.

have! Brilliant. Well, as I said, sadly, our webcams will be turned

:56:04.:56:09.

off now, but our website will keep going and you can continue to

:56:09.:56:19.
:56:19.:56:19.

follow us on Twitter and on Facebook. We would love your ideas

:56:19.:56:22.

for Autumnwatch. Have you somewhere brilliant we should film? Let us

:56:22.:56:26.

know via the website. Sadly, I can't be with us for Autumnwatch,

:56:26.:56:29.

so I am going to leave new the extremely capable, if not slightly

:56:30.:56:34.

mad hands of these two. I will be back in the spring and I think we

:56:34.:56:38.

all agree this is the place to come back to. I have another message,

:56:38.:56:42.

look you have seen us enjoying all of this fabulous wildlife. Now it's

:56:42.:56:46.

your turn. Get out there, enjoy it for yourself. If you want top tips

:56:46.:56:49.

go to that website, that will still be running and you know that you

:56:49.:56:53.

can get all the way close up to British wildlife and help look

:56:54.:56:58.

after it. Time to end on a highlight. Now a Welsh icon, the

:56:58.:57:08.
:57:08.:57:20.

way you have never seen it before. It's not usual. To be loved.

:57:20.:57:30.
:57:30.:57:32.

anyone. When I see you hanging about with anyone. It's not unusual.

:57:32.:57:42.
:57:42.:57:42.

To see me cry. I wanna die. It's not unusual to go out. At any time.

:57:42.:57:47.

When I see. You. Out and about. It's such a crime.

:57:47.:57:52.

If you should ever want to be loved by anyone.

:57:52.:57:57.

It's not unusual. It happens. day.

:57:57.:58:07.
:58:07.:58:31.

No matter. What you say. It's not unusual to be mad with

:58:31.:58:36.

anyone. It's not unusual to be sad with

:58:36.:58:42.

The marathon live wildlife event reaches its climax. What will have happened to the UK's favourite animal stars? Find out with the final live updates.

Liz Bonnin says farewell to Essex and the wild inhabitants of the landfill site. In Newcastle, Martin and Chris are on the last leg of their boys weekend - at a colony of kittiwakes in the heart of the city.


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