Bydd Meinir ac Alun yn Sioe Pontargothi ac yn holi beth yw gwerth y sioeau bach i ffermwyr. Meinir and Alun visit Pontargothi Show and ask whether local shows are important to f...
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-The shows have started.
-This show has been held in
-Pontargothi for almost 100 years.
-New legislation from the Welsh
-Government has been introduced.
-Will it sound the death knell
-for some local shows?
-Meinir is also at the show asking
-how the new quarantine rules...
-..will affect small shows.
-A century after the death of
-Hedd Wyn, Daloni visits Yr Ysgwrn...
-is alive in a museum.
-First, I'm here to ask why people
-still attend small shows.
-This show started way back in 1898
-and it's still going strong today...
-..with high numbers of horses,
-cattle and sheep for the visitors.
-What is the value of a show
-like this for farmers these days?
-In terms of the business,
-it's very important as an advert...
-..for selling stock
-and the countryside.
-It's a platform for youngsters to
-compete in different competitions...
-..such as cooking and showing sheep.
-That's very important.
-We meet local characters...
-..and yeah, meeting people.
-This is the foundation
-of the industry.
-Youngsters are showing their stock.
-Without shows like this,
-there's no starting point.
-Dairy farmer Iwan Morgan, Nantybwla,
-has competed here for years.
-Last year you were a winner
-at the Royal Welsh.
-How is that different
-to competing here?
-Preparation is the same,
-..you need the best standard
-wherever you're competing.
-Do you see youngsters
-with the enthusiasm to compete?
-I see more and more.
-It's hard work
-but it's a lot of fun.
-They enjoy being part of a society.
-They enjoy meeting up
-and getting to know each other.
-You're very close to Carmarthen.
-Does the way you compete
-include people from the town?
-I think it's important that you
-take time to talk to people.
-It's important that we make
-a good impression on the public.
-We want people to buy our produce.
-It's important to take our produce
-to the people.
-Catrin Reed's a part-time farmer.
-What's the attraction
-of the shows for her?
-We've attended shows
-for many years.
-At the small shows, we build up
-experience and confidence...
-..to compete in the larger shows.
-If we don't support these shows,
-the community misses out.
-We're trying our best
-to support these shows...
-..throughout the year.
-If something prevented a show
-like this happening...
-..you'd be quite sad about it.
-It would be a loss. We're also here
-to try and sell our stock.
-I had a foal. Hopefully,
-someone saw the foal today.
-At the end of the year,
-they might want to buy it.
-It's a way to sell too,
-in addition to a fun day out.
-Chairperson Meinir Davies
-is coordinating the day's events.
-Who are the people in attendance
-and where do they come from?
-It's a mixture from near and far,
-from all backgrounds.
-People who live in towns
-want something different.
-They go to work day to day.
-For people in rural Wales, this is
-our chance to show what we can do.
-What are farmers telling you
-about the value of them?
-Has that changed over the years?
-Originally, it was an opportunity
-..but it's more important now
-as a showing event...
-..especially with the pressure to
-compete with Brexit on the horizon.
-It changes all the time.
-How does the future look for you?
-You sound confident.
-Yes, we have a strong committee.
-It helps that we own the land
-and we can do as we wish.
-That gives us some certainty
-for the future.
-Today in the show,
-there's a feast of competition.
-As a result of new legislation,
-there are concerns...
-..that this sight could disappear.
-They want to close down small shows.
-They also want the money.
-I completely oppose the idea.
-It doesn't make any sense.
-It's another way to get money
-Cabinet Secretary for the
-Environment and Rural Affairs...
-announced that quarantine units...
-..will come into force in Wales
-on June 12.
-Quarantine units will ensure that
-cattle, sheep and goat farmers...
-..can decide between
-approved quarantine units...
-..to control livestock movement...
-..or continue to use the six-day
-movement restriction on their herd.
-Right now, if you want to attend
-more than one show in a week...
-..you can have a separate field
-Under the new system, farmers must
-register for a quarantine unit...
-..and pay almost 173.
-On the eve of the show season...
-..is now the correct time
-to introduce new legislation?
-As one of the officials,
-how will the quarantine units...
-..affect small shows?
-It is rather concerning
-for small shows.
-We've had a lot of exhibitors
-telling us today on their way in...
-..that they're really worried
-There are related costs
-and new regulations.
-Some believe the regulations
-we already have are sufficient.
-It gives farmers
-another layer of regulations.
-If farmers are concerned
-about attending shows...
-..we'll worry about our exhibitors.
-Gwynne Davies from Tregaron
-is unhappy with the new regulations.
-To show his dissatisfaction...
-..he's presented a petition
-to the Welsh Government.
-The industry has called
-for an end to the six-day rule.
-It's ended on the main holding
-but you now need a quarantine unit.
-I don't think anyone realises
-the problems that will arise.
-If you want a quarantine unit,
-it'll be a major headache.
-You have to wear
-different clothes inside it.
-You can't use the same food.
-If you're driving a tractor, it has
-to be washed when it comes out.
-we have in small shows...
-..the isolation units we had worked.
-the quarantine unit...
-..to the small shows.
-The system we had,
-the isolation unit, worked.
-Everyone knew how it worked
-and I wish someone would ask...
-.."Has there been a problem
-with isolation units?"
-Geraint Jones, Brynyrwyn,
-..has already registered
-for a quarantine unit.
-I was one of the first to register.
-I did it before receiving
-Everything was due to change
-on the 10th...
-..and I'd paid entry fees
-to Malvern four days later.
-We also had a show
-the following week.
-I had to do it
-otherwise I'd lose a lot of money.
-I wanted to attend the shows
-What surprised me,
-when the official came out...
-..this was one of his first farms.
-He didn't know the rules properly.
-He asked me for the CPH number
-of the quarantine unit.
-I'd ask them for an inspection
-so that I could have one.
-They started off on the wrong foot.
-For farmers who don't exhibit...
-..they need quarantine units
-to move animals from day to day.
-It could be beneficial but it's one
-more thing to catch a farmer out.
-You move them in, move them out.
-If you don't do it correctly,
-there goes your Single Farm Payment.
-All they want to do is finish it.
-They should be speaking to people
-at the shows...
-..to see what works best.
-I don't mind there being regulations
-but it must work for everyone.
-Christianne Glossop is responsible
-for drawing up the new legislation.
-This is the alternative
-to the six-day standstill.
-I've talked to a lot of farmers
-They are saying they're content
-to stay with the six-day standstill.
-They can plan their movements
-to hold the farm in lockdown...
-..for six days
-before they move animals off.
-Farmers are saying that's possible
-for most of the year...
-..but as they come to the autumn and
-there's movement of ewes and rams...
-..that's when the six-day standstill
-For them, the option of a
-quarantine unit comes into its own.
-The majority of people I spoke to...
-..are worried about the future
-of local shows.
-..and the youngsters
-who attend these shows.
-What's your response to this?
-The way people taking animals
-to shows have managed up to now...
-..is they've had a show isolation.
-The industry asked us if we
-would agree to a show isolation...
-..and a quarantine unit
-and a six-day standstill...
-..and it was becoming complicated.
-This has given us an opportunity
-to wipe the slate clean...
-..start with a blank sheet
-and say you can work...
-..with a six-day standstill or the
-quarantine unit or a combination.
-If they're not able to go
-to the expense and effort...
-a quarantine unit...
-..it won't stop them visiting shows
-but it will reduce the number.
-What was complicated
-about the show isolation unit?
-It allowed the freedom
-to go to any shows you wanted...
-..any day of the week.
-Those arrangements were in place
-before the Working Smarter review.
-The industry asked us
-to change the arrangements.
-I'm really disappointed...
-..that we now seem
-to be having a reaction...
-..to something that took five years.
-Over the past five years, we've been
-criticised for dragging our heels.
-Now we're being asked to delay this
-until the end of the show season...
-..or to change the arrangements...
-..when we've worked with
-the industry as much as possible.
-According to what the chief
-veterinary officer has said...
-..has the industry misinterpreted
-the needs of cattle owners?
-In a statement, NFU Cymru said...
-"Given the short time scale
-and lack of detailed information...
-"..on the requirements of quarantine
-units in the public domain...
-"..NFU Cymru requested a transition
-period for quarantine units...
-"..and approved isolation facilities
-allowing both to run in parallel.
-"We are yet to be convinced
-that the current rules...
-"..fit our core principles
-and as such we are committed...
-"..to feeding back the concerns
-of our members over issues...
-"..with the implementation
-of quarantine units."
-According to a spokesperson
-from the FUW...
-"The existence of the quarantine
-units isn't the problem...
-"..but the nature
-of the regulations...
-"..and the timing
-of their introduction is.
-"In the absence of changes to
-the six-day movement restriction...
-"..the FUW has argued for the
-introduction of quarantine units...
-"..with fair regulations which
-allow trade during busy times...
-"..and for this to be done
-within a fair timeframe."
-"We have also argued in favour
-of the isolation units...
-"..which already exist for shows."
-How do people feel
-back in Pontargothi?
-wants to end small shows.
-I'll give you an example
-with the Royal Welsh Show.
-We're showing at the Cardigan Show
-the following Wednesday.
-If you don't have quarantine,
-you can't attend the show.
-We're not going to do it.
-I've spoken to a lot of people,
-they're not going to do it.
-We already have regulations
-It's worked since the outbreak
-of Foot and Mouth.
-The vet has passed our quarantine
-unit, it's called a show unit now.
-They can just change the wording
-and call it a quarantine unit.
-We have to pay for the pleasure
-to keep the countryside alive now.
-Farmers attending shows
-want to exhibit their sheep.
-They don't want barriers. They just
-want something to make life easier.
-This standstill needs to be stopped,
-don't make things more complicated.
-As it is now,
-it's not helping us at all.
-That's it for Part 1.
-After the break, we visit Hedd Wyn's
-former home after its renovation.
-See you in two minutes.
-Let's be honest. As farmers,
-we face an uncertain future.
-Who knows what will happen
-We face losing a market, losing
-subsidies and total uncertainty.
-Is there another way
-to make money from farming...
-..mankind's oldest skill?
-Is it possible to turn agriculture
-into a museum?
-What they have at Yr Ysgwrn
-in Trawsfynydd is unique.
-The land that surrounds me
-is steeped in history...
-..but it is also a working farm.
-Yr Ysgwrn was home
-to Ellis Humphrey Evans.
-His bardic name was Hedd Wyn.
-As a young 30-year-old farmer...
-..he won the Black Chair at the
-1917 Birkenhead National Eisteddfod.
-He never had the chance
-to sit in it.
-He died on the battlefield
-during the First World War...
-..almost a century ago.
-Ellis Humphrey Evans
-was the eldest of 11 children.
-He moved here, to Yr Ysgwrn,
-when he was a few weeks old.
-His parents managed
-to make a living from farming.
-Hedd Wyn's nephew...
-..has farmed Yr Ysgwrn
-for many years...
-..as well as welcoming thousands
-of visitors to the family home.
-I had to live on the farm,
-but I was spending more time...
-..talking to the visitors.
-I'd done it all my life,
-it was nothing new for me.
-Has farming changed
-for better or for worse?
-That's a good question.
-Around here, you didn't farm
-to produce your own food.
-You farmed to make a living.
-The house, and 170 acres of land...
-by the Snowdonia National Park.
-The venture was funded by the
-National Heritage Memorial Fund...
-..and the Welsh Government.
-By now, 3.4m has been spent here...
-..to develop a museum
-and educational facilities...
-..as well as the farm.
-It would have been nice
-seeing it spent on agriculture...
-..but only a small proportion
-was spent on the farming side.
-We invested just under 400,000...
-..on the agricultural
-and rural management.
-..over the past few years.
-Again, they say we didn't
-get much for our money...
-..but we have to remember
-the heritage of the farm...
-..and the historic implications.
-There's landscaping work
-and cladding the buildings...
-..to bring them up to standard.
-At the end of the day,
-the museum status comes first...
-..and the heritage and culture
-associated with Yr Ysgwrn.
-In those terms, the agricultural
-side has to take a step back.
-Where has the 400,000 been spent?
-New equipment, a new shed...
-..and a new compound.
-Work in the woodlands and a lot
-of work on the natural landscape.
-We're in a position
-to better control the holding now.
-Meilir and Catrin Jarrett
-are the farm's tenants.
-They live in Trawsfynydd and have
-farmed here for almost five years.
-Both work full-time. Meilir is
-a farm-hand and Catrin is a teacher.
-How did you become tenants
-of Yr Ysgwrn?
-We saw an advert
-in the local paper.
-The National Park was looking
-for a tenant for a 10-year period.
-It was a great opportunity
-to get into the agricultural world.
-Opportunities like this
-don't arise often.
-No. If you're a young couple,
-you go for it.
-What kind of farming do you do here?
-much like the work done by Gerald.
-It's a hill farm.
-There have been changes recently.
-Have they been for the better?
-For better and worse.
-A lot of money has been invested.
-It's interesting to see
-how it's changed here.
-What are the major changes?
-This compound is new. That's
-the greatest change on the farm.
-We work full time.
-We need a shed that simple's and
-requires the least amount of labour.
-What's special about it?
-Some parts of the floor
-have made life easier.
-There's no need to scrape
-under the cattle during the winter.
-It saves us
-having to pay for hay.
-In terms of the payments
-..does the Single Farm payment
-come to you or the National Park?
-The subsidies come to us.
-That's well worth having.
-It's crucial for a farm like this.
-What are your aims during this time?
-We'd like to extend the tenancy,
-if that's possible...
-..and make as much money as we can.
-Without it, life would be difficult.
-That's the aim of every farmer,
-to make a living.
-Farming is difficult enough
-as it is.
-Does the fact that more visitors
-will flock to Yr Ysgwrn...
-..make it more difficult
-to farm here?
-It's been a learning process
-for all of us, Meilir and ourselves.
-The holding has changed a lot
-since we took it over from Gerald.
-Stock patterns have changed
-That affected our expectations
-as an authority...
-..and our hopes for the holding.
-What is Yr Ysgwrn now?
-A museum or a farm?
-It's a lot of things.
-That's what makes it interesting
-and a challenge.
-It's a museum for some, it's
-a tourist attraction for others.
-It's a very special place...
-..in terms of its
-cultural history and heritage.
-For Meilir and myself,
-it's a working farm.
-It's difficult to put it
-into one box.
-It was the authority's decision to
-make it a destination for tourists.
-At the end of the day,
-it must be self-sufficient.
-It also wanted it
-to be a working farm.
-We hope that modern techniques and
-traditional patterns can continue.
-On the one hand, the history
-of Yr Ysgwrn must be preserved.
-On the other hand, Catrin and Meilir
-need to make a living.
-It's time to find a resolution
-which satisfies both sides.
-That might be the story
-for farms across Wales.
-Farmers will have to consider
-what works and what doesn't work...
-..to ensure a stronger future.
-That's all for this week.
-We're back the same time next week.
-S4C Subtitles by Adnod Cyf.
Bydd Meinir ac Alun yn Sioe Pontargothi ac yn holi beth yw gwerth y sioeau bach i ffermwyr. Meinir and Alun visit Pontargothi Show and ask whether local shows are important to farmers.