Ymateb i'r Etholiad Cyffredinol, gwerth llaeth a fferm sy'n cynnig cyfleoedd i blant o'r ddinas. Reaction to the Election, milk prices and a farm offering city kids a taste of t...
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-With the General Election
-..and more questions
-than ever before unanswered...
-..what kind of Brexit
-will be discussed next week?
-Will Theresa May broker a good deal
-for Welsh farmers in Europe?
-I'm at the sheepdog trials
-..to ask the farmers
-for their thoughts.
-We'll also discuss milk,
-its nutritional value...
-..and the demand
-for unpasteurised milk.
-Winning the public's support
-for farming is important.
-Both unions have worked hard
-to build that relationship.
-In any trials, it's important
-to have trust and understanding...
-..between shepherd and dog.
-Is that where matters went awry
-for the Tories on Thursday?
-How much trust do farmers have
-in Theresa May...
-..as she tries to get
-the best deal in Europe?
-Theresa May wanted a hard Brexit.
-She called the General Election
-to strengthen her hand.
-The result in the election
-actually weakened her position.
-It appears that Brexit
-will be softer as a result.
-In terms of the importance of the
-Single Market for Welsh farmers...
-..I think that's a good thing.
-Can Theresa May be a strong, stable
-voice in Europe? We'll wait and see.
-Theresa May has lost
-some of her power.
-I'm not really sure why she did it.
-Corbyn's not a strong politician -
-in fact, he's a liability.
-It's happened now
-and it's disappointing.
-Do you think agriculture has
-a high priority in the discussion?
-Not at all.
-They don't appreciate
-that we provide the produce...
-..that people buy in the shops.
-They can't see that.
-It's sad, I must say.
-I don't think the result
-will help farmers.
-Tough times lie ahead.
-None of us know what will happen.
-Looking back, she probably
-regrets calling the election.
-It's going to be a difficult time
-keeping everyone happy.
-Milk. A natural, nutritional drink.
-Do people realise the value of milk?
-In Wales, on average, we each drink
-150 pints of milk each year.
-Often, this is one of the
-first items on our shopping list.
-The industry has faced challenges
-over the past few years.
-Production has changed little
-but the number of farms has halved.
-77% of the milk we consume
-is produced in Britain...
-..as natural milk, powder,
-butter, cream, yogurt and cheese.
-Research has been done
-which shows the benefits...
-..of daily milk consumption...
-..especially for children
-and the elderly.
-Many people are now turning to milk
-which often comes from plants.
-How beneficial is milk?
-all kinds of nutrients...
-carbohydrates, fat, vitamins...
-..and most minerals apart from iron.
-A person can live on milk alone.
-We can see this
-in young mammals or babies.
-They can live on milk
-up to the age of six months...
-..because of the fantastic
-nutritional value of milk.
-You should drink
-a pint of milk a day.
-If you eat yogurt, one pot is the
-equivalent of a third of a pint.
-One slice of cheese is also
-about a third of a pint.
-Between those, and the milk
-in your tea and coffee...
-..you can consume
-about a pint of milk each day.
-In the past, milk has been linked
-to high levels of cholesterol.
-Even when you drink full-fat milk,
-it's still only 4% fat.
-Personally, I'd like people
-to talk about milk as just milk.
-Milk with less fat
-after it's been skimmed...
-..can then be called skimmed milk.
-Then we wouldn't be misled
-The truth is,
-milk is a low-fat food.
-With more people turning to
-almond, soya and goat's milk...
-..how does it compare to cow's milk?
-Goat's milk and cow's milk
-are comparatively similar.
-There is a small difference
-in the nutritional value.
-Choosing is just a personal choice.
-Soya and almond milk
-are made from plants.
-You don't get the same
-nutritional value as cow's milk.
-It's not as beneficial
-as cow's milk.
-They can add calcium and vitamins
-to the milk.
-They also add sugar
-to make it easier for us to drink.
-There is a specific taste
-to this milk.
-It take a little while
-to get used to it.
-Penlan y Mor, Aberaeron...
-..is searching for ways to add value
-to his farm's milk.
-They've turned back the clock...
-..and sell some of the milk
-straight from the farm...
-..without it being pasteurised
-During the past few years, the
-price of milk has been so low...
-..that was the catalyst
-to try and add value to the milk.
-As a child, Mam-gu used to tell me
-of a time back in the 1960s.
-She'd bring milk into the house
-after milking in the morning.
-Dad and my uncle
-would fill bottles...
-..and sell them to hotels,
-caravan parks and locals.
-It was a great experience when
-people visited the farm to buy milk.
-It put some enthusiasm
-back in the business.
-They didn't make much money
-but they had fun doing it.
-Is that what's missing...
-..a relationship between
-customer and farmer?
-I think that is a factor.
-We produce milk here and
-we're proud of the milk we produce.
-When it leaves the farm,
-we know nothing about it.
-It's too far to follow the produce.
-How safe is raw milk?
-Most people are concerned about TB.
-We test the herd every year,
-with the vets.
-The FSA visit us
-every three months...
-..take samples away and test them
-for TB and many other things.
-We take it down to the hospital
-..to make separate tests every
-three months to be entirely certain.
-Selling raw milk
-straight to the customer...
-..raises several questions
-about public health.
-Are there guidelines for anyone
-hoping to follow this path?
-It's not a complex process
-but it's very thorough.
-Apply to the
-Food Standards Authority...
-..and the FSA researches the farm
-wanting to sell raw milk.
-They look at the milking parlour...
-..the food safety warning label
-on the milk...
-..the medical documents
-and the farm itself.
-If they're satisfied with
-everything, they take a milk sample.
-They return a TB or non-TB status.
-If it comes back as non-TB,
-it's OK to sell.
-When the Animal and Plant Health
-Agency pass it, it can be sold.
-The whole process, from
-start to finish, take 3-5 weeks.
-How many rules are linked
-to the sale of raw milk?
-In England and Wales,
-a farmer can only sell raw milk...
-..directly to the customer
-from the farm.
-If there's a shop on the farm or
-they sell it from the farmhouse...
-..from a farmers' market
-or on a milk round.
-In terms of selling, the milk
-must have an appropriate label...
-..a label that declares that
-the milk hasn't been pasteurised.
-That means it could still have
-Farms which produce raw milk...
-..are subject to rather
-strict hygiene regulations.
-They are also monitored
-that has been pasteurised.
-How safe is raw milk?
-You must take great care.
-Since it hasn't been processed...
-..there's a risk
-it will contain bacteria.
-It's possible, as you transfer milk
-from one place to another...
-..or through milking, you could get
-some bacteria in the milk.
-Most people won't be affected
-by the level of bacteria...
-..because their immune system
-A proportion of the public
-..people with a low immune system...
-..people having chemotherapy
-..or the elderly or the young.
-These people will have to be
-With only six farms in Wales
-selling raw milk from the farm...
-..is there a future
-for an enterprise like this?
-With so much negativity
-in the press about agriculture...
-..is this an opportunity
-to recreate that relationship...
-..with the customer?
-Yes, especially with Brexit
-on the horizon.
-I think people will
-appreciate and want to understand...
-..where their food comes from.
-Selling raw milk
-is one way to do that.
-You invite people from the town and
-show them how we produce their food.
-They will appreciate being allowed
-to see and be part of that process.
-It will make them appreciate
-their food even more.
-With more turning
-to almond, soya and goat's milk...
-..does it worry the industry?
-There are fads and fashions
-but I think we'll need milk forever.
-The trusty sheepdog
-is here to stay too.
-Stay with us -
-after the break we discover...
-..how important branding is
-to the agricultural world.
-An event such as this
-is an opportunity...
-..to discover more about farming.
-children from the cities...
-..are having a hands-on experience
-on the farm.
-In 1976, Clare and Michael
-Morpurgo set up a charity...
-..called Farms For City Children.
-was to offer children the chance...
-..to experience rural life.
-are part of the scheme...
-..and they welcome
-3,000 children annually.
-Lower Treginnis near St David's
-is their only farm in Wales.
-Rob Davies farms here.
-Children have been coming here
-for 30 years.
-I'm the farmer and I look after
-the sheep and all the fields...
-..the crops, barley and oats.
-We also make the silage and the hay.
-The school is separate but they
-come up to work with us too.
-At 7.30am each morning, the children
-are here to feed the lambs.
-We have a couple of calves too.
-they go out to check the stock.
-What's your experience
-of the way they respond?
-Some won't have been near
-a cow before.
-Some have never seen the sea before.
-No, not at all.
-To be here,
-some have never seen grass.
-They've never played on grass.
-In some schools in London,
-they only play on the yard.
-It's just tarmac and concrete.
-What is the best experience
-they have here?
-The greatest shock for the children
-is getting up in the morning...
-..to feed the hens, lambs,
-goats, turkeys, geese and horses.
-They do that before breakfast.
-They're working at 7.30am.
-Breakfast is 8.30am.
-That's a shock to their system.
-The animals come first.
-Some can't cope with having to feed
-the animals before themselves.
-Today, the FUW have organised
-a visit to the farm.
-Hywel Vaughan is the union's
-president in Pembrokeshire.
-have travelled down from London.
-Teach them young -
-they're primary school children.
-It's an experience to be on a farm.
-It's an organic farm, it's a rather
-laid-back way of life here.
-If this was an intensive farm, they
-wouldn't have the time to do this.
-It's very different here.
-are enjoying themselves.
-We've learnt something today
-from watching them.
-When it's time to go home,
-some of them don't want to go home.
-They want to stay here.
-We put too much emphasis
-on data and targets.
-We should be giving the children
-..to develop in their own time
-and give them practical skills.
-We shouldn't be pressurising
-school children all the time.
-This is why somewhere like this
-is more beneficial than schools.
-The children can visit
-the 850 sheep...
-..the small herd
-of Hereford cross cattle...
-..and feed the lambs and the goats.
-There's something for everyone.
-What do the school children
-think about it?
-I'm lucky to have some of the
-children from London to talk to me.
-What I first want to know is
-has this been a special trip?
-Yes. It's the best experience
-you can get from the animals.
-My favourite part of this
-To describe this place
-in one word is unforgettable.
-In school, you have to do work and
-we don't have that much play time.
-Here, you have extra play time
-and you can run until you drop...
-..and you can run
-and it's also good for your health.
-You can run and they take you
-up to the hills...
-..and it's good exercise
-but also very terrifying.
-The manager for Farms For
-City Children is Dan Jones.
-I asked him about funding
-for such an enterprise...
-..at a time of austerity.
-We charge the school
-a certain amount.
-The true cost per child
-is about three times that.
-Over a year, we fundraise
-about 1.2m every year...
-..just to subsidise
-the cost to the children.
-It's a hard job but so worthwhile.
-Schools are ring-fencing money to
-send their children to the farm.
-They see the impact it has on them
-when they come back in to school.
-The schools really do
-value the trip.
-Also here to support the event
-is Alun Phillips...
-of the Pembrokeshire branch.
-He talked to the children
-I've been pleasantly surprised.
-They're very positive. They like
-staying in the countryside.
-They come from everywhere -
-..some of them arrived by boat
-and made their home in Wembley.
-We need to communicate
-to these people.
-Children from some towns
-are strangers to the countryside.
-They like coming here to walk.
-We need to show them the work we do.
-The impression I get
-from talking to you...
-..is that the conversation
-We don't communicate enough.
-You read a lot of negative press
-about Europe and immigration.
-When you see what these children
-have gone through...
-..it can make you feel
-We don't realise how fortunate
-we are in this country.
-Often people don't realise
-how much work farmers do.
-Once in a while,
-it's good to blow our own trumpets.
-Here at the Senedd...
-..NFU Cymru launched their report
-Farming: Bringing Wales Together.
-The report shows how farming meets
-the goals in the Government's...
-of Future Generations Act.
-The act places a responsibility
-on public bodies...
-..to work towards achieving
-A prosperous, resilient,
-healthier and more equal Wales...
-..with cohesive, globally
-..promoting a thriving
-People think of farmers
-as food producers...
-..but we don't look at everything
-else we achieve for society.
-Of course, we produce food.
-We're part of a 6bn industry
-We're also promoting
-..looking after the environment.
-We're responsible for 80%
-of Welsh land.
-It's an opportune time
-to publish this report now.
-For 40 years,
-we've relied on Brussels...
-..for Wales' agricultural policy.
-Everything changes with Brexit.
-Our budget policies in the future
-will come from the Assembly.
-Ministers will have to work
-under this act.
-Every policy in any future budget...
-..will have to respond
-to the aims of that act.
-If we're creating policies and a
-budget for farming in the future...
-..we need those policies
-to comply with this act.
-In this report, there are
-24 different examples...
-..outlining how agriculture
-satisfies the seven aims...
-..and contributes to the economy
-..socially and culturally.
-It's time for everyone to realise
-that farming in Wales...
-..is crucial to the economy
-and culture of Wales as a whole...
-..and in line with the guidelines
-of the new act.
-It's important for us
-to play our part.
-It won't be easy from now on,
-we have to play our part...
-..for industry and culture
-Why were you eager
-to be part of this report?
-It was an opportunity to portray
-what the farmers produce...
-..and how they help create
-a thriving country.
-We're an important part
-even though we're low in numbers.
-So much of what we do every day
-without us noticing...
-..contributes to these aims.
-We speak our language every day.
-A country without language
-is a country without a heart.
-That's very important.
-Our hearts are in our work.
-As farmers, we've fulfilled
-these aims without even knowing.
-We've been doing it for years.
-We're just showing everyone now
-that we do fulfil these aims.
-Looking after the environment -
-carbon is a big issue.
-The trees and peat
-we have can store carbon.
-There's reason to be optimistic
-for the future.
-Farmers achieve so much...
-..and it's time the public knew
-how much work farmers do...
-.for the environment
-and Wales' future.
-Finally, good news for small shows.
-Last week on the programme...
-..we highlighted new legislation
-from the Welsh Government...
-..which would have
-..moving from show to show
-The Welsh Government has decided
-to postpone the legislation...
-..until September 21.
-Until next time,
-thanks for your company.
-S4C Subtitles by Adnod Cyf.
Ymateb i'r Etholiad Cyffredinol, gwerth llaeth a fferm sy'n cynnig cyfleoedd i blant o'r ddinas. Reaction to the Election, milk prices and a farm offering city kids a taste of the country.