Mon, 12 Jun 2017 Ffermio


Mon, 12 Jun 2017

Ymateb i'r Etholiad Cyffredinol, gwerth llaeth a fferm sy'n cynnig cyfleoedd i blant o'r ddinas. Reaction to the Election, milk prices and a farm offering city kids a taste of t...


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-With the General Election

-behind us...

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-..and more questions

-than ever before unanswered...

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-..what kind of Brexit

-will be discussed next week?

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-Will Theresa May broker a good deal

-for Welsh farmers in Europe?

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-I'm at the sheepdog trials

-near Porthyrhyd...

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-..to ask the farmers

-for their thoughts.

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-We'll also discuss milk,

-its nutritional value...

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-..and the demand

-for unpasteurised milk.

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-Winning the public's support

-for farming is important.

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-Both unions have worked hard

-to build that relationship.

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-In any trials, it's important

-to have trust and understanding...

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-..between shepherd and dog.

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-Is that where matters went awry

-for the Tories on Thursday?

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-How much trust do farmers have

-in Theresa May...

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-..as she tries to get

-the best deal in Europe?

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-Theresa May wanted a hard Brexit.

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-She called the General Election

-to strengthen her hand.

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-The result in the election

-actually weakened her position.

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-It appears that Brexit

-will be softer as a result.

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-In terms of the importance of the

-Single Market for Welsh farmers...

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-..I think that's a good thing.

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-Can Theresa May be a strong, stable

-voice in Europe? We'll wait and see.

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-Theresa May has lost

-some of her power.

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-I'm not really sure why she did it.

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-Corbyn's not a strong politician -

-in fact, he's a liability.

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-It's happened now

-and it's disappointing.

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-Do you think agriculture has

-a high priority in the discussion?

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-Not at all.

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-They don't appreciate

-that we provide the produce...

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-..that people buy in the shops.

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-They can't see that.

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-It's sad, I must say.

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-I don't think the result

-will help farmers.

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-Tough times lie ahead.

-None of us know what will happen.

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-Looking back, she probably

-regrets calling the election.

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-It's going to be a difficult time

-keeping everyone happy.

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-Milk. A natural, nutritional drink.

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-Do people realise the value of milk?

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-In Wales, on average, we each drink

-150 pints of milk each year.

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-Often, this is one of the

-first items on our shopping list.

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-The industry has faced challenges

-over the past few years.

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-Production has changed little

-but the number of farms has halved.

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-77% of the milk we consume

-is produced in Britain...

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-..as natural milk, powder,

-butter, cream, yogurt and cheese.

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-Research has been done

-which shows the benefits...

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-..of daily milk consumption...

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-..especially for children

-and the elderly.

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-Many people are now turning to milk

-which often comes from plants.

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-How beneficial is milk?

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-Milk contains

-all kinds of nutrients...

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-..including protein,

-carbohydrates, fat, vitamins...

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-..and most minerals apart from iron.

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-A person can live on milk alone.

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-We can see this

-in young mammals or babies.

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-They can live on milk

-up to the age of six months...

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-..because of the fantastic

-nutritional value of milk.

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-You should drink

-a pint of milk a day.

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-If you eat yogurt, one pot is the

-equivalent of a third of a pint.

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-One slice of cheese is also

-about a third of a pint.

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-Between those, and the milk

-in your tea and coffee...

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-..you can consume

-about a pint of milk each day.

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-In the past, milk has been linked

-to high levels of cholesterol.

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-Even when you drink full-fat milk,

-it's still only 4% fat.

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-Personally, I'd like people

-to talk about milk as just milk.

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-Milk with less fat

-after it's been skimmed...

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-..can then be called skimmed milk.

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-Then we wouldn't be misled

-as people.

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-The truth is,

-milk is a low-fat food.

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-With more people turning to

-almond, soya and goat's milk...

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-..how does it compare to cow's milk?

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-Goat's milk and cow's milk

-are comparatively similar.

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-There is a small difference

-in the nutritional value.

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-Choosing is just a personal choice.

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-Soya and almond milk

-are made from plants.

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-You don't get the same

-nutritional value as cow's milk.

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-It's not as beneficial

-as cow's milk.

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-They can add calcium and vitamins

-to the milk.

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-They also add sugar

-to make it easier for us to drink.

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-There is a specific taste

-to this milk.

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-It take a little while

-to get used to it.

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-Carwyn Jones,

-Penlan y Mor, Aberaeron...

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-..is searching for ways to add value

-to his farm's milk.

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-They've turned back the clock...

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-..and sell some of the milk

-straight from the farm...

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-..without it being pasteurised

-or homogenised.

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-During the past few years, the

-price of milk has been so low...

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-..that was the catalyst

-to try and add value to the milk.

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-As a child, Mam-gu used to tell me

-of a time back in the 1960s.

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-She'd bring milk into the house

-after milking in the morning.

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-Dad and my uncle

-would fill bottles...

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-..and sell them to hotels,

-caravan parks and locals.

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-It was a great experience when

-people visited the farm to buy milk.

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-It put some enthusiasm

-back in the business.

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-They didn't make much money

-but they had fun doing it.

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-Is that what's missing...

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-..a relationship between

-customer and farmer?

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-I think that is a factor.

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-We produce milk here and

-we're proud of the milk we produce.

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-When it leaves the farm,

-we know nothing about it.

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-It's too far to follow the produce.

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-How safe is raw milk?

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-Most people are concerned about TB.

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-We test the herd every year,

-with the vets.

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-The FSA visit us

-every three months...

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-..take samples away and test them

-for TB and many other things.

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-We take it down to the hospital

-in Carmarthen...

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-..to make separate tests every

-three months to be entirely certain.

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-Selling raw milk

-straight to the customer...

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-..raises several questions

-about public health.

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-Are there guidelines for anyone

-hoping to follow this path?

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-It's not a complex process

-but it's very thorough.

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-Apply to the

-Food Standards Authority...

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-..and the FSA researches the farm

-wanting to sell raw milk.

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-They look at the milking parlour...

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-..the food safety warning label

-on the milk...

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-..the medical documents

-and the farm itself.

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-If they're satisfied with

-everything, they take a milk sample.

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-They return a TB or non-TB status.

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-If it comes back as non-TB,

-it's OK to sell.

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-When the Animal and Plant Health

-Agency pass it, it can be sold.

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-The whole process, from

-start to finish, take 3-5 weeks.

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-How many rules are linked

-to the sale of raw milk?

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-In England and Wales,

-a farmer can only sell raw milk...

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-..directly to the customer

-from the farm.

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-If there's a shop on the farm or

-they sell it from the farmhouse...

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-..from a farmers' market

-or on a milk round.

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-In terms of selling, the milk

-must have an appropriate label...

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-..a label that declares that

-the milk hasn't been pasteurised.

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-That means it could still have

-harmful bacteria.

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-Farms which produce raw milk...

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-..are subject to rather

-strict hygiene regulations.

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-They are also monitored

-more regularly...

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-..than milk

-that has been pasteurised.

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-How safe is raw milk?

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-You must take great care.

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-Since it hasn't been processed...

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-..there's a risk

-it will contain bacteria.

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-It's possible, as you transfer milk

-from one place to another...

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-..or through milking, you could get

-some bacteria in the milk.

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-Most people won't be affected

-by the level of bacteria...

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-..because their immune system

-can cope.

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-A proportion of the public

-wouldn't cope...

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-..people with a low immune system...

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-..people having chemotherapy

-for instance...

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-..or the elderly or the young.

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-These people will have to be

-more careful.

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-With only six farms in Wales

-selling raw milk from the farm...

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-..is there a future

-for an enterprise like this?

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-With so much negativity

-in the press about agriculture...

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-..is this an opportunity

-to recreate that relationship...

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-..with the customer?

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-Yes, especially with Brexit

-on the horizon.

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-I think people will

-appreciate and want to understand...

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-..where their food comes from.

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-Selling raw milk

-is one way to do that.

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-You invite people from the town and

-show them how we produce their food.

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-They will appreciate being allowed

-to see and be part of that process.

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-It will make them appreciate

-their food even more.

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-With more turning

-to almond, soya and goat's milk...

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-..does it worry the industry?

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-There are fads and fashions

-but I think we'll need milk forever.

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-The trusty sheepdog

-is here to stay too.

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-Stay with us -

-after the break we discover...

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-..how important branding is

-to the agricultural world.

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-.

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-Subtitles

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-An event such as this

-is an opportunity...

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-..to discover more about farming.

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-In Pembrokeshire,

-children from the cities...

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-..are having a hands-on experience

-on the farm.

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-In 1976, Clare and Michael

-Morpurgo set up a charity...

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-..called Farms For City Children.

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-Their intention

-was to offer children the chance...

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-..to experience rural life.

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-Three farms

-are part of the scheme...

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-..and they welcome

-3,000 children annually.

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-Lower Treginnis near St David's

-is their only farm in Wales.

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-Rob Davies farms here.

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-Children have been coming here

-for 30 years.

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-I'm the farmer and I look after

-the sheep and all the fields...

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-..the crops, barley and oats.

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-We also make the silage and the hay.

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-The school is separate but they

-come up to work with us too.

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-At 7.30am each morning, the children

-are here to feed the lambs.

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-We have a couple of calves too.

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-After that,

-they go out to check the stock.

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-What's your experience

-of the way they respond?

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-Some won't have been near

-a cow before.

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-Some have never seen the sea before.

-No, not at all.

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-To be here,

-some have never seen grass.

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-They've never played on grass.

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-In some schools in London,

-they only play on the yard.

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-It's just tarmac and concrete.

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-What is the best experience

-they have here?

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-The greatest shock for the children

-is getting up in the morning...

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-..to feed the hens, lambs,

-goats, turkeys, geese and horses.

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-They do that before breakfast.

-They're working at 7.30am.

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-Breakfast is 8.30am.

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-That's a shock to their system.

-The animals come first.

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-Some can't cope with having to feed

-the animals before themselves.

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-Today, the FUW have organised

-a visit to the farm.

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-Hywel Vaughan is the union's

-president in Pembrokeshire.

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-The children

-have travelled down from London.

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-Teach them young -

-they're primary school children.

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-It's an experience to be on a farm.

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-It's an organic farm, it's a rather

-laid-back way of life here.

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-If this was an intensive farm, they

-wouldn't have the time to do this.

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-It's very different here.

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-The children

-are enjoying themselves.

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-We've learnt something today

-from watching them.

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-When it's time to go home,

-some of them don't want to go home.

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-They want to stay here.

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-We put too much emphasis

-on data and targets.

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-We should be giving the children

-the freedom...

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-..to develop in their own time

-and give them practical skills.

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-We shouldn't be pressurising

-school children all the time.

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-This is why somewhere like this

-is more beneficial than schools.

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-The children can visit

-the 850 sheep...

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-..the small herd

-of Hereford cross cattle...

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-..and feed the lambs and the goats.

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-There's something for everyone.

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-What do the school children

-think about it?

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-I'm lucky to have some of the

-children from London to talk to me.

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-What I first want to know is

-has this been a special trip?

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-Yes. It's the best experience

-you can get from the animals.

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-My favourite part of this

-is gardening.

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-To describe this place

-in one word is unforgettable.

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-In school, you have to do work and

-we don't have that much play time.

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-Here, you have extra play time

-and you can run until you drop...

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-..and you can run

-and it's also good for your health.

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-You can run and they take you

-up to the hills...

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-..and it's good exercise

-but also very terrifying.

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-The manager for Farms For

-City Children is Dan Jones.

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-I asked him about funding

-for such an enterprise...

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-..at a time of austerity.

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-We charge the school

-a certain amount.

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-The true cost per child

-is about three times that.

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-Over a year, we fundraise

-about 1.2m every year...

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-..just to subsidise

-the cost to the children.

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-It's a hard job but so worthwhile.

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-Schools are ring-fencing money to

-send their children to the farm.

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-They see the impact it has on them

-when they come back in to school.

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-The schools really do

-value the trip.

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-Also here to support the event

-is Alun Phillips...

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-..vice-chairman

-of the Pembrokeshire branch.

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-He talked to the children

-over lunch.

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-I've been pleasantly surprised.

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-They're very positive. They like

-staying in the countryside.

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-They come from everywhere -

-Romania, Somalia...

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-..some of them arrived by boat

-and made their home in Wembley.

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-We need to communicate

-to these people.

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-Children from some towns

-are strangers to the countryside.

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-They like coming here to walk.

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-We need to show them the work we do.

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-The impression I get

-from talking to you...

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-..is that the conversation

-is important.

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-We don't communicate enough.

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-You read a lot of negative press

-about Europe and immigration.

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-When you see what these children

-have gone through...

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-..it can make you feel

-quite emotional.

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-We don't realise how fortunate

-we are in this country.

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-Thank you!

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-Often people don't realise

-how much work farmers do.

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-Once in a while,

-it's good to blow our own trumpets.

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-Here at the Senedd...

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-..NFU Cymru launched their report

-Farming: Bringing Wales Together.

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-The report shows how farming meets

-the goals in the Government's...

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-..Well-being

-of Future Generations Act.

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-The act places a responsibility

-on public bodies...

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-..to work towards achieving

-seven goals.

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-A prosperous, resilient,

-healthier and more equal Wales...

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-..with cohesive, globally

-responsible communities...

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-..promoting a thriving

-Welsh language.

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-People think of farmers

-as food producers...

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-..but we don't look at everything

-else we achieve for society.

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-Of course, we produce food.

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-We're part of a 6bn industry

-in Wales.

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-We're also promoting

-culture, language...

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-..looking after the environment.

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-We're responsible for 80%

-of Welsh land.

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-It's an opportune time

-to publish this report now.

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-For 40 years,

-we've relied on Brussels...

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-..for Wales' agricultural policy.

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-Everything changes with Brexit.

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-Our budget policies in the future

-will come from the Assembly.

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-Ministers will have to work

-under this act.

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-Every policy in any future budget...

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-..will have to respond

-to the aims of that act.

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-If we're creating policies and a

-budget for farming in the future...

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-..we need those policies

-to comply with this act.

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-In this report, there are

-24 different examples...

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-..outlining how agriculture

-satisfies the seven aims...

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-..and contributes to the economy

-and environment...

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-..socially and culturally.

0:20:310:20:34

-It's time for everyone to realise

-that farming in Wales...

0:20:350:20:38

-..is crucial to the economy

-and culture of Wales as a whole...

0:20:380:20:43

-..and in line with the guidelines

-of the new act.

0:20:430:20:47

-It's important for us

-to play our part.

0:20:470:20:51

-It won't be easy from now on,

-we have to play our part...

0:20:510:20:55

-..for industry and culture

-in Wales.

0:20:550:20:58

-Why were you eager

-to be part of this report?

0:20:580:21:01

-It was an opportunity to portray

-what the farmers produce...

0:21:010:21:06

-..and how they help create

-a thriving country.

0:21:060:21:10

-We're an important part

-even though we're low in numbers.

0:21:110:21:15

-So much of what we do every day

-without us noticing...

0:21:150:21:21

-..contributes to these aims.

0:21:210:21:23

-We speak our language every day.

0:21:230:21:26

-A country without language

-is a country without a heart.

0:21:260:21:29

-That's very important.

-Our hearts are in our work.

0:21:300:21:33

-As farmers, we've fulfilled

-these aims without even knowing.

0:21:330:21:37

-We've been doing it for years.

0:21:370:21:40

-We're just showing everyone now

-that we do fulfil these aims.

0:21:400:21:45

-Looking after the environment -

-carbon is a big issue.

0:21:450:21:49

-The trees and peat

-we have can store carbon.

0:21:500:21:54

-There's reason to be optimistic

-for the future.

0:21:540:21:57

-Farmers achieve so much...

0:21:570:21:59

-..and it's time the public knew

-how much work farmers do...

0:22:000:22:04

-.for the environment

-and Wales' future.

0:22:040:22:07

-Finally, good news for small shows.

0:22:130:22:15

-Last week on the programme...

0:22:160:22:18

-..we highlighted new legislation

-from the Welsh Government...

0:22:180:22:22

-..which would have

-affected exhibitors...

0:22:220:22:25

-..moving from show to show

-this year.

0:22:250:22:28

-The Welsh Government has decided

-to postpone the legislation...

0:22:280:22:32

-..until September 21.

0:22:320:22:34

-Until next time,

-thanks for your company.

0:22:340:22:37

-Cheerio.

0:22:370:22:38

-S4C Subtitles by Adnod Cyf.

0:22:550:22:57

-.

0:22:570:22:57

Ymateb i'r Etholiad Cyffredinol, gwerth llaeth a fferm sy'n cynnig cyfleoedd i blant o'r ddinas. Reaction to the Election, milk prices and a farm offering city kids a taste of the country.


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