Y tro hwn, cawn glywed oblygiadau canlyniadau'r Etholiad Cyffredinol ar y diwydiant amaeth. Today's programme looks at the effect the General Election result will have on agricu...
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-into the General Election continues.
-There might be some hope for farmers
-following the result.
-I'll speak to Tweli Griffiths
-about the result's significance.
-Alun discovers how a scheme
-that compares rams...
-..can add to farm profits.
-The relationship between farmers and
-supermarkets is often challenging.
-Meinir attended an open day
-with one supermarket...
-..intent on selling
-more local produce.
-Back in the 15th century...
-..Owain Glyndwr succeeded
-in uniting Wales for a time.
-With the government facing
-..the Prime Minister
-must create a consensus...
-..to represent the country
-during the Brexit talks.
-We're outside Owain Glyndwr's
-parliament in Machynlleth.
-It's old history, but present events
-are a concern for Welsh farmers.
-What are the implications
-of the election for farmers?
-I think the situation looks better
-for agriculture, to be honest.
-There won't be a hard Brexit.
-There will be some kind
-of soft Brexit.
-More importantly, even though we
-won't stay in the single market...
-..there will be
-a greater emphasis...
-..on securing continued trade
-..and that it will continue
-to be tariff-free.
-That's good news
-for Welsh farmers...
-..in terms of selling
-their produce overseas.
-How have the unions reacted?
-Well, we must remember what the
-unions wanted before the election.
-They wanted to continue trading
-with Europe tariff-free...
-..and they wanted
-the same level of funding...
-..as they receive now
-through the CAP.
-That's what the unions wanted
-before the election.
-a few days after the result...
-..I don't think they know
-what will happen...
-..but I do think the situation
-is more hopeful...
-..in terms of trading
-with European countries...
-..and the new man in Defra,
-Michael Gove, has said...
-..that the financial package
-will remain on the same level...
-..as the CAP until 2022.
-Things don't look too bleak
-The situation in Scotland
-has changed - will that affect us?
-Yes, in terms of the overall picture
-on the future of Brexit.
-The Tories, under the charismatic
-leadership of Ruth Davidson...
-..increased their MPs
-from one to 13.
-There are 12 additional Tories
-in parliament from Scotland.
-will rely heavily on them.
-Ruth Davidson believes
-in an "open, not closed" Brexit.
-She travelled down to London to meet
-Theresa May after the election...
-..and told her that Brexit no longer
-belonged to only the Tories.
-The process has to be widened to
-include the other political parties.
-That suggests to me, once again...
-..that there will be
-a greater emphasis...
-..on securing trade
-with European countries.
-Could there be
-a second Brexit referendum...
-..because the situation
-has changed so much?
-I don't think so.
-When we talk about a soft Brexit,
-which is likely to happen...
-..what do we think it is?
-We'll still come out
-of the European Union...
-..we'll still leave
-the Single Market.
-That's what the Brexit supporters
-continue to support...
-..but there will be a conditional
-departure from Europe...
-..as they seek to secure the free
-market access for our produce...
-..in Wales and Britain.
-Thanks for now, Tweli. We'll talk
-further about Michael Gove later.
-We'll also talk about the DUP.
-Alun's in Llansawel to find out
-if a genetic development...
-..can help increase profits
-for sheep farmers.
-Pistyll Gwyn farm
-is the location for the event.
-This is the only Welsh farm that's
-part of the RamCompare scheme.
-It was set up to promote progress
-in the sheep sector...
-..through genetic improvements.
-The scheme aims to gather data
-from farms and abattoirs...
-a genetic evaluation...
-..and analyse the performance of ram
-breeds across the United Kingdom.
-Sion and Claire Williams
-are the owners of Pistyll Gwyn.
-They've been busy
-preparing for the visit...
-..on their 750-acre holding.
-They have 2,500 Aberfield sheep
-and commercial Welsh ewes.
-They also have 400 Aberfield rams.
-This is our second year
-The deal was to host an event
-on the farm at some point...
-..either in the first
-or second year.
-Which breeds have you chosen?
-It's possible to use
-six different rams.
-The six breeds are...
-Texel, Meatlinc, Hampshire...
-..and two from one breed.
-That makes six.
-We chose the Meatlinc because
-we hadn't tried it before.
-We wanted to see
-how it would work on our sheep.
-is a combination of breeds.
-Yes, that's the only breed
-with a combination of all five.
-All these breeds are available
-but they suit different farms.
-We're in Wales, other farms do it
-in England and Scotland.
-The terrain is different,
-the weather is different...
-..and the different breeds
-will perform differently...
-..in different places.
-It's a chance to see which breeds
-perform well in your area.
-This is the first time
-they'll go head-to-head.
-Hopefully, the result will be
-a combined breed analysis...
-..at the end
-that the farmer can use.
-How important is the
-relationship with the abattoir...
-..for you and your business?
-When they're in the abattoir,
-you get the weights and grades.
-On top of that,
-they do a meat yield...
-..to see how much bone and meat
-is on the carcass.
-It's called RamCompare
-and yet in a way...
-..it's the output of that ram
-that's most important.
-Absolutely. The project is the
-test of the progeny of that ram.
-When you go as a commercial sheep
-farmer to buy a ram with EBVs...
-..effectively, you want to know...
-..that he's going to do
-what it says on the tin.
-I suppose the best example
-we've got is...
-..this season we've sent our first
-batch of lambs, killed at 10 weeks.
-16 E and 14 U grades, 19.5 kilos.
-These are the results we want
-as commercial sheep farmers.
-It's having faith and trust in
-the system that EBVs are working.
-Looking ahead, with Brexit looming,
-I pose this question to everyone...
-..is this part of the preparation
-for a future without subsidies...
-..or a completely new system for
-supporting farming in the future?
-I think we need
-to keep an eye out...
-..and make the system
-as efficient as we can.
-This is a way to choose
-the best sheep from the flock...
-..and the best rams
-to use on those sheep...
-..to make sure we get the best
-out of the land and the stock.
-Meat Promotion Wales is one
-of the 14 partners in the project.
-is their development officer.
-This is so important to the
-sheep industry of Great Britain.
-It's important that we in Wales
-can influence the results...
-..to allow us to relate it
-to the Welsh sheep industry.
-We can also communicate
-..to help them benefit
-from the information.
-The data is so important. The
-more you have, the more you want.
-It gives you a better picture
-of what works best and worst.
-If you can get rid of the worst...
-..it will have an effect
-on the farm's bottom line.
-The genetic pool is available
-to farmers across the country.
-It gives them a better idea
-which ones to choose...
-..to create the fattest lamb.
-Five other farms outside of Wales
-are part of this scheme.
-Bridget Lloyd is the coordinator.
-New Zealand, Australia and Ireland
-have had central progeny tests...
-..running for a number of years.
-That helps develop the promotion
-of performance-recorded genetics.
-In November we'll be launching
-the early results...
-..at the sheep breeders'
-The results will look like lists
-of the top 25 sires.
-We've tested over 70 rams.
-We don't expect one ram to feature
-at the top of every list...
-..because it will be
-for different traits.
-It keeps the genetic information
-on these sires fresher...
-..and more relevant to the industry.
-A good crowd
-have gathered here today...
-..with Sion and Claire sharing
-their experiences about the project.
-What was the response
-from the farmers?
-We've learnt how they compare
-the rams and how they've performed.
-We can see the lambs born this year.
-It gives you a good insight
-into the job.
-We can look forward
-to buying the rams now...
-..and knowing what to buy.
-A lot of work has happened, a lot
-of information has been recorded.
-As Claire said at the start...
-..they bought a farm
-and they have to pay for it.
-They've looked into everything.
-It's a lot to take in
-and take home with us.
-It's been an inspiration today,
-especially from Claire and Sion.
-a very real situation.
-They're a couple
-who were eager to farm...
-..and it's hard work to try
-and realise a dream.
-We have to pay attention to what
-they're doing to realise that dream.
-They way they've worked
-with genetics has inspired me.
-The farmers are happy.
-What are Sion's plans
-for the scheme and the future?
-A lot of farmers turned up today
-to learn about the project...
-..and see how the different rams
-could work at home on their farms.
-I'd like to think that lambing out
-is the future for us.
-Our costs rise every year
-when we lamb in...
-we put into these sheep...
-..when they're in the sheds
-I can't tell you what kind of
-weather we should expect next year.
-This year has been perfect
-for lambing out...
-..but we'll try and rear sheep
-we can lamb out naturally...
-..to try and reduce our costs
-and have more lambs eventually.
-Once we get the data back
-for the two years...
-..what will help us...
-..hopefully, a breed of ram will
-stand out which suits our sheep.
-That's the ram we'll pick...
-..because it helps us produce
-fat lambs for the abattoir.
-That's it for now.
-After the break,
-I'll be speaking to Tweli Griffiths.
-Will the post-election situation
-benefit Welsh farmers...
-..as we face
-the Brexit negotiations?
-Coalitions and cooperation are
-no strangers to Welsh politics...
-..from the days of Owain Glyndwr
-to present-day Cardiff Bay.
-How will it work in Westminster?
-Theresa May will have to rely
-on the support...
-..of 10 DUP MPs
-from Northern Ireland.
-It seems likely that they will help
-her in the short-term...
-..but she won't be able to present
-any contentious measures...
-..especially measures that wouldn't
-be supported by her own MPs.
-Only a small number of Tory MPs
-need to vote against her...
-..and that could cause her
-to lose her role as Prime Minister.
-It's a very uncomfortable
-position and she may struggle...
-..to push important policies
-It's quite possible that we'll see
-another General Election this year.
-How supportive are the DUP
-They are supportive since
-agriculture is so important...
-..to the people
-of Northern Ireland.
-They are likely to support
-a soft Brexit...
-..because they don't want
-a hard border...
-..between Northern Ireland
-and the Republic of Ireland.
-They want that freedom of trade
-They're likely to be an influence
-in terms of a soft Brexit.
-Things could arise to cause
-friction between the DUP and May.
-Then we'd see a problem.
-The new minister, Michael Gove,
-is he a farmer's friend?
-I don't think we know yet.
-He's a talented man, he's a man
-that can master a brief very well.
-He's a man that likes
-to change things.
-He caused havoc as David Cameron's
-He incensed unions, teachers
-and local authorities.
-In the end,
-he was removed from his job...
-..because he risked losing
-support for the Tories.
-We don't know yet
-what he'll do in Defra.
-He doesn't have
-an agricultural background...
-..but he will certainly master
-the brief he's just been handed.
-What he'll make of that,
-I really don't think we know yet.
-And the most important question.
-Does the future look bright
-for Welsh farmers?
-Is there hope
-or is it time to worry?
-I think farmers had cause to worry
-after the European referendum...
-..because there were fears
-about the market...
-..for Welsh farmers' produce
-in the rest of Europe.
-I'm now more hopeful for
-the interests of Welsh farmers...
-..because a new emphasis
-will be put...
-..on securing that market
-for our produce.
-On the whole, I think farmers
-will be more hopeful...
-..after that last election.
-As things stand now,
-is the right political party...
-..for Welsh farmers
-governing in Westminster?
-That's a huge question.
-If you look at manifestos of
-the parties during the campaign...
-..there was little difference
-between them in truth.
-I don't think farmers can show faith
-in one party more than another.
-I think that any party
-..has to accept the reality
-of the Brexit negotiations.
-The priority now is to ensure
-that farmers' interests...
-..are given enough attention.
-That's true for whatever party will
-be in government in a year's time.
-Thank you, Tweli.
-There's been a lot of stories
-in the press...
-buying cheap imports.
-Have they finally realised
-..of supporting local produce?
-Only half of the food
-eaten in the United Kingdom...
-..is produced by our farmers
-according to a British Food report.
-This is a cause for concern
-the uncertainty of Brexit.
-I'm here at Llanarth Village Hall
-..to find out if there's light
-at the end of the tunnel...
-..for local food producers in Wales.
-Morrisons are searching for the best
-local producers to feed the country.
-The United Kingdom should be more
-self-sufficient in food production.
-The manager of the Abergavenny
-branch is Blair Havard.
-Customers were asking us
-to sell more local produce.
-70 Welsh food producers asked us
-if we could stock their products.
-The 16 finalists
-are here with us today.
-Our customers are tasting their
-food and scoring the produce.
-From there, we'll decide
-which product to stock.
-There's also an interview
-with the buyer after this.
-In about 12 weeks' time, these
-products could be on the shelf.
-We export 18bn's worth of food
-and import 39bn's worth of food.
-There's definitely room here
-for more local producers.
-One producer hoping to sell
-to this supermarket...
-..is Amanda Tidey
-from Preseli Bluestone Meats.
-Since we are a small company...
-..it's difficult for us
-to meet our customers.
-To have an opportunity like this
-to showcase our produce...
-..for the public,
-we hope it will be excellent.
-What's the response been like?
-We've heard so many good things said
-about our food.
-That's given us confidence to
-believe we're doing something right.
-We're happy that we can offer
-something to the public.
-With the uncertainty of Brexit
-at the moment...
-..we hope we'll have the opportunity
-to sell Welsh pork in supermarkets.
-A lot of pork is currently imported.
-Two thirds of the shops Morrisons
-interviewed for their research...
-..stated that they would rather buy
-British produce where possible.
-Cig Calon Cymru are hoping to
-supply meat to the supermarket.
-It feels like it's been
-a successful day.
-People have been very positive,
-they've shown a lot of interest...
-..in the produce, the business
-and the business location.
-But you don't know -
-is it something they want?
-How much of a difference
-could this make to your business?
-A huge difference
-in terms of prestige...
-..to get a foot in the door
-of a supermarket.
-It makes people think that you're
-a company that's worth dealing with.
-When you're in with one,
-it might open the door to another.
-Yes, it's very important.
-How difficult has it been
-getting that one foot in the door?
-It's very difficult, unless you have
-that something they really want.
-Lowri Thomas from Gwella, travelled
-from Llanfarian, Aberystwyth.
-What are your impressions
-of the event?
-It's been good.
-Even if we don't get
-our opportunity with Morrisons...
-..it's a chance to get people from
-a different area to try the produce.
-It spreads the word
-about the produce.
-It's an unique product.
-Yes, and that's the response today.
-A lot of people have told us
-they haven't see this before.
-They've never tasted cured lamb.
-Following Brexit, is it more
-important to try something new?
-I think it is.
-If we have to pay a premium
-to import something from Europe...
-..we have to look closer to home
-for that produce.
-Making different products
-from Welsh lamb...
-..will benefit all farmers in Wales.
-That's all for this week.
-We're back at the same time
-next week. Goodbye.
-S4C Subtitles by Adnod Cyf.
Y tro hwn, cawn glywed oblygiadau canlyniadau'r Etholiad Cyffredinol ar y diwydiant amaeth. Today's programme looks at the effect the General Election result will have on agriculture.