Cyfres gylchgrawn am faterion cefn gwlad. Countryside and farming magazine.
Browse content similar to Mon, 29 May 2017. Check below for episodes and series from the same categories and more!
-The General Election
-takes place next week...
-..with Brexit, of course,
-a prominent focus.
-Have you decided
-for whom you're going to vote yet?
-Later we'll furnish you with facts
-that may help you decide.
-Tonight, journalist Tweli Griffiths
-analyses the manifestos.
-I'll also visit Llanelwedd
-to witness the competitions...
-..and the launch of Menter Moch
-Cymru with chef Bryn Williams.
-After a hard day's work...
-..everyone expects to get paid.
-But Daloni met some dissatisfied
-..who've still not received
-their Glastir payments.
-Glastir is the multifaceted
-sustainable land management scheme.
-It offers financial support
-to farmers and land managers.
-In Merionethshire, many farmers
-have joined the schemes...
-have yet to receive payment.
-Here at Castell Hen Farm
-in Parc near Bala...
-has completed his Glastir work.
-Unlike last year,
-his cheque is late.
-to keeping less stock.
-We must control sheep numbers
-on the mountain...
-..and we're restricted to how much
-pasture we allow to grow...
-..and not to grow.
-The system has become complicated.
-Because we adhere
-to these restrictions....
-..we receive compensation
-from the Welsh Government.
-When do you
-usually receive Glastir payments?
-We received payment
-on 1 December the first year.
-During the second year, half
-on 1 December and the rest in April.
-..I haven't received a single penny.
-How reliant are you on this payment?
-The Glastir payment
-is a reliable source of income.
-If the price
-of small mountain lambs is low...
-..as it was last year...
-..knowing a payment is due tides
-us over during the lean period.
-Are you meant to receive payment
-within a certain time?
-There's no stipulation
-in the agreement as it stands.
-That could be seen
-as a flaw in the contract...
-..but I would've thought that
-because it's a voluntary scheme...
-..the Government would pay out
-within a reasonable timeframe...
-..as they expect
-Have you complained?
-Have you complained?
-I've complained three times...
-..within the past three months...
-..and only one of my emails
-has received a reply.
-What reason have they given
-for the late payment?
-No reason has been given.
-No reason has been given.
-they were processing the payment.
-That was the only response
-given in the email.
-Half an hour away,
-the same is true at Fferm Faner...
-..in Llanelltyd near Dolgellau...
-Geraint Rowlands farms the land.
-Why is this payment late?
-Why is this payment late?
-I don't know, that's the problem.
-It's a sheer lack of communication.
-We're kept in the dark.
-Last year's payment was late.
-I received it in early April.
-This year, we're nearing
-the end of May, seven weeks later.
-We're not told why.
-All they say is that they don't have
-a window in which to issue payment.
-That's the biggest problem.
-They don't tell us anything.
-As a business, you have bills to pay
-and you have to carry on.
-Of course, and these payments
-are made in spring...
-on stock farms...
-..the bills for feed over winter,
-spring fertiliser as well as rent...
-..are usually paid in the spring.
-It's a time when, traditionally,
-farm budgets are at their tightest.
-You have to pay your bills,
-..but the Assembly and Government
-are forever telling farmers...
-..that we must
-treat our farms as businesses...
-..but that has to work both ways.
-They can't expect us
-to operate as businesses.
-No private business can carry on
-functioning without getting paid.
-That's the problem. They're not
-keeping their side of the bargain.
-We can't run a business without
-knowing when we'll receive...
-..a high percentage
-of our farms' incomes.
-They're asking too much of us.
-We asked the Government
-for a response...
-..and they issued this statement.
-"We give priority to
-Basic Payment Scheme applications...
-"..as the value and number of farms
-receiving payments is substantial.
-"More than 99% of farm businesses
-have been paid by now.
-"Rural Payments Wales
-is currently focusing...
-"..on processing all Glastir
-applications that haven't been paid.
-"Rural Payments Wales is
-working hard to pay every claim...
-"..apart from the most complicated
-during the coming weeks."
-Numerous complaints have been made
-and the situation is unacceptable.
-I feel that farmers have been
-more than patient with this matter.
-We were promised back in January...
-..that payments would be made
-by the end of the month...
-..but it dragged on until April.
-We're now nearing the end of May...
-..with a high percentage of farmers
-..and elsewhere in Wales
-still awaiting payment.
-Isn't there a basic flaw here?
-When Glastir was established...
-..shouldn't someone have ensured
-that there was a window?
-That there was a clause stating
-that payment would be made...
-..within a timeframe?
-As an union,
-are you at fault for not ensuring...
-..there was a specific window
-when Glastir was rolled out?
-It's reasonable to expect
-payments such as these to be made...
-..within a reasonable timeframe...
-..and within a year
-of the scheme's remit.
-The current situation
-applies to the 2016 scheme.
-kept their side of the agreement.
-have been affected financially...
-they've adhered to the scheme...
-..by decreasing stock and managing
-the land in a specified way.
-It's only right they're compensated.
-Waiting this long for payment
-This isn't a new scheme.
-The Rural Payments office
-knows what the agreement involves.
-People have lost confidence in
-future agri-environmental schemes.
-A lack of faith exists...
-..which doesn't bode well
-for the future.
-With the General Election looming...
-..let's find out what the parties
-are pledging for the countryside.
-Journalist Tweli Griffiths
-trawls through the manifestos.
-rain shoes and mud boots.
-The farmer's friends,
-keeping feet dry and comfortable.
-as there are no holes in them.
-You could say the same for the
-pledges of the political parties.
-But before we take a look
-at what the parties...
-the agricultural world...
-..let's consider what the farming
-world is asking for from them.
-We'll discover if there are holes
-in their policies.
-Both the FUW and the NFU...
-their own manifestos.
-Brexit is at the top of the agenda.
-One major concern
-in both documents...
-..is the fear of losing the biggest
-market for our produce - Europe.
-Both unions believe...
-..that any new agreement
-with the European Union...
-that custom-free trade continues...
-..with no tariffs.
-Though there's room
-to source markets beyond Europe...
-..it's feared that could mean
-importing cheap, inferior food...
-That's the unions' stance on Brexit
-but what about the parties?
-We'll begin with Labour.
-Labour would secure...
-.."continued EU market access"...
-..still allowing farmers to sell
-their produce on the Continent.
-"Brexit shouldn't be used as
-an excuse to undercut our farmers...
-"..and flood Britain's food chain
-with cheap and inferior produce."
-In terms of money,
-"..to support smaller traders and
-local communities and economies."
-There are no details
-as to what exactly that means.
-Plaid Cymru warns
-that 200,000 of our jobs in Wales...
-..relies on European trade
-and that there's a danger...
-..that cheap food
-will flood in from overseas.
-that the British Government...
-.."must seek the support
-of all the UK's nations....
-a new trade agreement."
-It also warns that farmers
-will lose European grants...
-for 80% of their income.
-The party will battle to secure that
-"every penny lost from Europe...
-"..will be replaced
-The Liberal Democrats
-share the same concerns.
-Central to their manifesto...
-..is "retaining access
-to the European Single Market...
-another referendum on Brexit"...
-they'd campaign to remain.
-In terms of subsidies, they pledge
-to continue reforming them.
-on direct subsidies...
-"..and more support
-for countryside protection...
-"..flood prevention, climate change
-mitigation and food production."
-Next, the Green Party...
-..which pushes to
-"remain in the Single Market."
-But only one sentence in their
-main manifesto refers to farming.
-The Greens would introduce
-an "Environmental Protection Act"...
-..that would, among other things...
-sustainable food and farming."
-UKIP insists on a hard Brexit.
-That includes "leaving the
-Single Market and EU customs union."
-Grants from Brussels
-would be available...
-an UKIP Government in Britain.
-They'd roll out a new Single Payment
-that's fairer for smaller farms.
-However, a "cap of 120,000
-would be introduced on subsidies."
-For the Conservatives...
-..Brexit means we will no longer be
-part of the European Single Market.
-But they will seek
-"a deep and special partnership...
-"..including a comprehensive
-free trade and customs agreement."
-They will also create
-new trade partnerships...
-.."with countries beyond Europe."
-They pledge "the same financial
-support for farmers until 2022...
-"..and then they'll devise
-a new agri-environment system"...
-..at the Senedd
-following the next election.
-Focus is given to other agricultural
-matters in the manifestos...
-..from improving food labelling
-and safeguarding animal welfare...
-..to controlling fuel prices.
-There's one other thing
-which poses a threat...
-..to the international trade
-we've been discussing.
-The greatest threat
-to dairy and beef farmers...
-..are those two words, bovine TB.
-But only three of the parties
-refer to it in their manifestos.
-Whilst both unions believe...
-..that DEFRA's policy
-to cull badgers...
-..should continue in England...
-..Labour believes in halting
-the cull, which it claims...
-The Liberal Democrats are in favour
-of more compassionate ways...
-..of controlling the disease,
-including more vaccine research.
-UKIP wants to adopt
-a new attitude to the problem...
-..based on the advice
-issued by vets and the unions.
-Who'd give the agricultural world
-the strongest voice in Westminster?
-Is one colour welly
-better than the others?
-That's up to you to decide.
-But remember one thing - out of the
-650 MPs in the House of Commons...
-..only one in six,
-a little over 100 of them...
-..represent rural constituencies.
-they understand the challenges...
-..facing the agricultural world.
-Ask your representatives
-about their policies...
-there are holes in a few wellies.
-And don't forget to vote!
-That's it for Part 1.
-Join us after the break when I'll be
-at Llanelwedd's Spring Festival.
-See you shortly.
-This festival used to be called
-the Smallholders' Show...
-..but it's since been rebranded
-as the Spring Show...
-..which reflects its appeal
-to a wider audience.
-The diversity, from rare breeds
-to Welsh foods, attracts thousands.
-One of the most popular sections
-at the two-day event are the sheep.
-A seasoned competitor here...
-..is Cenin Eifion, Y Winllan,
-Penisa'r Waun, Caernarfon.
-What attracts you to
-the Spring Festival year after year?
-It's a chance to exhibit the sheep
-I've been working on all year...
-..and have fun with friends.
-Why do you favour
-Welsh Hill Speckled Face sheep?
-It's Taid's fault, to be honest -
-my father's father.
-He kept them in Carno and Dad
-brought them to North Wales.
-They're multi purpose, in a way.
-I have to ask, how do you
-get the wool to look so good?
-They're well covered
-for this time of year.
-It's down to luck.
-I cross my fingers
-that it's not going to fall out...
-..and hope that the judge
-puts his hands in the right places!
-And how much luck
-was on your side today?
-I did well. One third, one fourth.
-I won one fifth and a reserve prize
-with the group, so I'm very happy.
-has certainly made its mark...
-..and is gaining popularity
-year on year.
-The tractors are a sight to behold.
-This festival is unique, isn't it?
-Yes, it's grown in recent years.
-It appeals to those
-who want to live in the countryside.
-Cattle numbers have increased
-substantially of late.
-Many young people are now exhibiting
-and growing in confidence.
-This is the only event we organize
-that's held on the weekend.
-We're aiming mostly at families...
-..and people are enjoying
-the wide range of activities.
-The pig section
-is incredibly strong this year...
-..with 332 entrants,
-an increase on last year.
-This is good news...
-..since a new enterprise is being
-launched to develop the sector.
-Menter Moch Cymru.
-Menter Moch Cymru aims to double the
-pig herds here in Wales, if we can.
-We're working with
-every aspect of the supply chain.
-It's a golden opportunity.
-The industry is worth some 217m...
-..but we're currently only supplying
-5% of that in Wales.
-to greatly develop the industry.
-What's the biggest problem
-in terms of pig numbers?
-Historically there have been
-problems with pricing.
-We're not maintaining the practice
-and we've lost our husbandry skills.
-Abattoirs are growing scarce and the
-veterinary skills are diminishing.
-It's important there's
-enough of an industry to develop.
-Renowned chef Bryn Williams prepared
-delicious meals at the launch...
-the versatility of Welsh pork.
-A quality bacon butty
-is the best thing in the world.
-At the restaurant, we use every
-part, from the nose to the tail.
-It's so versatile.
-That's why we serve so much pork.
-It's versatile, it's tasty
-and you can make various dishes...
-..from breakfast until supper.
-Pig numbers in Wales are dwindling.
-Is it difficult to acquire meat?
-I'm lucky. I get my supply
-from Glyn Williams in Denbigh.
-He slaughters pigs himself.
-He farms pigs and I know
-I'm getting Welsh pigs from him.
-But we're importing
-more than we produce...
-..which shows there's
-an untapped market in Wales...
-need to breed more pigs.
-The most important thing
-in a restaurant is the produce.
-From pork and beef
-to eggs, milk and cream.
-I always use Welsh produce.
-I know it's going to taste nice
-and I'm helping Welsh farmers.
-we'd have no quality produce.
-They're the stars of the food chain.
-I can't do my job without them.
-Do pig breeders like Ela and Huw
-Roberts of the Oinc Oink company...
-..feel that there's been sufficient
-pig promotion in the past?
-No, definitely not. The money
-hasn't been available to promote it.
-They've since secured
-..so hopefully they'll be able to
-promote the quality of Welsh pork.
-The Oinc Oink company...
-..has been very busy promoting pigs
-in general and your herd, of course.
-We thought the only way we'd
-be successful selling our pigs...
-..was by selling them ourselves
-and establishing our own brand.
-We've worked hard
-developing Oinc Oink.
-We've turned it into a success.
-another successful show for you.
-a very good day for us today.
-Six first prizes
-in the Welsh pig section...
-and Supreme Champion.
-We also won the pair and the group.
-We couldn't have asked for more!
-Back with the sheep,
-and the native breeds...
-..are generally very popular
-with smallholders and children.
-Mathew Brown is a smallholder
-is having a ball here today.
-What is it about the festival
-that's so appealing?
-I'd say it's spending the weekend
-with the family after lambing.
-It's something to look forward to
-despite all the preparation.
-You try to spot
-something special in a lamb...
-..and hope the markings are good.
-You then feed them up and preen them
-in time for this festival.
-This isn't a festival
-solely for smallholders.
-No. Anyone can compete here.
-It's a chance
-for the young ones to compete too.
-It's a stepping stone, in a way.
-Where did your interest
-in keeping Torwen sheep stem from?
-I came here about six years ago
-and fancied the breed...
-..so Mam-gu and Tad-cu
-bought us six for Christmas.
-You have many more now.
-Yes, we enjoy exhibiting them.
-What do you like about the Torwens?
-I like going in the ring
-and exhibiting them, mostly.
-It's a unique feeling
-being in the ring. How do you feel?
-You feel a bit nervous...
-..but when you sense
-that the judge likes something...
-more of a part of it then.
-And Mam, how have the girls
-developed from exhibiting?
-so much more confidence.
-They've also had to learn to win and
-lose. That's very important in life.
-It also teaches them
-how to prepare the animals.
-I began preparing them
-under my father's supervision.
-He'd often shout and ball!
-But it's been a big help
-in developing their characters.
-The younger generation
-is the show's future.
-That's all for this week. We'll be
-back at the same time next week.
-thank you for your company.
-S4C Subtitles by Adnod Cyf.
Cyfres gylchgrawn am faterion cefn gwlad. Countryside and farming magazine.