Mon, 29 May 2017 Ffermio


Mon, 29 May 2017

Cyfres gylchgrawn am faterion cefn gwlad. Countryside and farming magazine.


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-Subtitles

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-Subtitles

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-The General Election

-takes place next week...

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-..with Brexit, of course,

-a prominent focus.

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-Have you decided

-for whom you're going to vote yet?

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-Later we'll furnish you with facts

-that may help you decide.

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-Tonight, journalist Tweli Griffiths

-analyses the manifestos.

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-I'll also visit Llanelwedd

-to witness the competitions...

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-..and the launch of Menter Moch

-Cymru with chef Bryn Williams.

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-After a hard day's work...

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-..everyone expects to get paid.

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-But Daloni met some dissatisfied

-Merionethshire farmers...

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-..who've still not received

-their Glastir payments.

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-Glastir is the multifaceted

-sustainable land management scheme.

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-It offers financial support

-to farmers and land managers.

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-In Merionethshire, many farmers

-have joined the schemes...

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-..though some

-have yet to receive payment.

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-Here at Castell Hen Farm

-in Parc near Bala...

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-..Euros Puw

-has completed his Glastir work.

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-Unlike last year,

-his cheque is late.

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-We're committed

-to keeping less stock.

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-We must control sheep numbers

-on the mountain...

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-..and we're restricted to how much

-pasture we allow to grow...

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-..and not to grow.

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-The system has become complicated.

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-Because we adhere

-to these restrictions....

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-..we receive compensation

-from the Welsh Government.

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-When do you

-usually receive Glastir payments?

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-We received payment

-on 1 December the first year.

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-During the second year, half

-on 1 December and the rest in April.

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-This year...

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-..I haven't received a single penny.

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-How reliant are you on this payment?

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-The Glastir payment

-is a reliable source of income.

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-If the price

-of small mountain lambs is low...

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-..as it was last year...

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-..knowing a payment is due tides

-us over during the lean period.

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-Are you meant to receive payment

-within a certain time?

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-There's no stipulation

-in the agreement as it stands.

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-That could be seen

-as a flaw in the contract...

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-..but I would've thought that

-because it's a voluntary scheme...

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-..the Government would pay out

-within a reasonable timeframe...

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-..as they expect

-farmers' co-operation.

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-Have you complained?

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-Have you complained?

-

-I've complained three times...

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-..within the past three months...

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-..and only one of my emails

-has received a reply.

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-What reason have they given

-for the late payment?

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-No reason has been given.

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-No reason has been given.

-

-Nothing?

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-Nothing whatsoever.

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-They said

-they were processing the payment.

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-That was the only response

-given in the email.

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-Half an hour away,

-the same is true at Fferm Faner...

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-..in Llanelltyd near Dolgellau...

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-..where

-Geraint Rowlands farms the land.

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-Why is this payment late?

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-Why is this payment late?

-

-I don't know, that's the problem.

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-It's a sheer lack of communication.

-We're kept in the dark.

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-Last year's payment was late.

-I received it in early April.

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-This year, we're nearing

-the end of May, seven weeks later.

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-We're not told why.

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-All they say is that they don't have

-a window in which to issue payment.

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-That's the biggest problem.

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-They don't tell us anything.

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-As a business, you have bills to pay

-and you have to carry on.

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-Of course, and these payments

-are made in spring...

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-..when, traditionally,

-on stock farms...

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-..the bills for feed over winter,

-spring fertiliser as well as rent...

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-..are usually paid in the spring.

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-It's a time when, traditionally,

-farm budgets are at their tightest.

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-You have to pay your bills,

-of course...

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-..but the Assembly and Government

-are forever telling farmers...

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-..that we must

-treat our farms as businesses...

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-..but that has to work both ways.

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-They can't expect us

-to operate as businesses.

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-No private business can carry on

-functioning without getting paid.

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-That's the problem. They're not

-keeping their side of the bargain.

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-We can't run a business without

-knowing when we'll receive...

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-..a high percentage

-of our farms' incomes.

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-They're asking too much of us.

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-We asked the Government

-for a response...

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-..and they issued this statement.

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-"We give priority to

-Basic Payment Scheme applications...

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-"..as the value and number of farms

-receiving payments is substantial.

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-"More than 99% of farm businesses

-have been paid by now.

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-"Rural Payments Wales

-is currently focusing...

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-"..on processing all Glastir

-applications that haven't been paid.

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-"Rural Payments Wales is

-working hard to pay every claim...

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-"..apart from the most complicated

-during the coming weeks."

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-Numerous complaints have been made

-and the situation is unacceptable.

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-I feel that farmers have been

-more than patient with this matter.

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-We were promised back in January...

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-..that payments would be made

-by the end of the month...

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-..but it dragged on until April.

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-We're now nearing the end of May...

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-..with a high percentage of farmers

-in Merionethshire...

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-..and elsewhere in Wales

-still awaiting payment.

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-Isn't there a basic flaw here?

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-When Glastir was established...

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-..shouldn't someone have ensured

-that there was a window?

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-That there was a clause stating

-that payment would be made...

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-..within a timeframe?

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-As an union,

-are you at fault for not ensuring...

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-..there was a specific window

-when Glastir was rolled out?

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-It's reasonable to expect

-payments such as these to be made...

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-..within a reasonable timeframe...

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-..and within a year

-of the scheme's remit.

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-The current situation

-applies to the 2016 scheme.

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-Farmers have

-kept their side of the agreement.

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-Their businesses

-have been affected financially...

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-..because

-they've adhered to the scheme...

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-..by decreasing stock and managing

-the land in a specified way.

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-It's only right they're compensated.

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-Waiting this long for payment

-is unreasonable.

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-This isn't a new scheme.

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-The Rural Payments office

-knows what the agreement involves.

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-People have lost confidence in

-future agri-environmental schemes.

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-A lack of faith exists...

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-..which doesn't bode well

-for the future.

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-With the General Election looming...

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-..let's find out what the parties

-are pledging for the countryside.

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-Journalist Tweli Griffiths

-trawls through the manifestos.

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-Wellingtons -

-rain shoes and mud boots.

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-The farmer's friends,

-keeping feet dry and comfortable.

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-As long

-as there are no holes in them.

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-You could say the same for the

-pledges of the political parties.

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-But before we take a look

-at what the parties...

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-..are promising

-the agricultural world...

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-..let's consider what the farming

-world is asking for from them.

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-We'll discover if there are holes

-in their policies.

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-Both the FUW and the NFU...

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-..have published

-their own manifestos.

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-Brexit is at the top of the agenda.

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-One major concern

-in both documents...

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-..is the fear of losing the biggest

-market for our produce - Europe.

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-Both unions believe...

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-..that any new agreement

-with the European Union...

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-..should ensure

-that custom-free trade continues...

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-..with no tariffs.

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-Though there's room

-to source markets beyond Europe...

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-..it's feared that could mean

-importing cheap, inferior food...

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-..from overseas.

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-That's the unions' stance on Brexit

-but what about the parties?

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-We'll begin with Labour.

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-Labour would secure...

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-.."continued EU market access"...

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-..still allowing farmers to sell

-their produce on the Continent.

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-"Brexit shouldn't be used as

-an excuse to undercut our farmers...

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-"..and flood Britain's food chain

-with cheap and inferior produce."

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-In terms of money,

-"reconfigure funds...

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-"..to support smaller traders and

-local communities and economies."

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-There are no details

-as to what exactly that means.

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-Plaid Cymru warns

-that 200,000 of our jobs in Wales...

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-..relies on European trade

-and that there's a danger...

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-..that cheap food

-will flood in from overseas.

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-Plaid insists

-that the British Government...

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-.."must seek the support

-of all the UK's nations....

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-"..before reaching

-a new trade agreement."

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-It also warns that farmers

-will lose European grants...

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-..which account

-for 80% of their income.

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-The party will battle to secure that

-"every penny lost from Europe...

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-"..will be replaced

-from Westminster."

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-The Liberal Democrats

-share the same concerns.

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-Central to their manifesto...

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-..is "retaining access

-to the European Single Market...

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-.."and holding

-another referendum on Brexit"...

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-..in which

-they'd campaign to remain.

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-In terms of subsidies, they pledge

-to continue reforming them.

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-"Less emphasis

-on direct subsidies...

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-"..and more support

-for countryside protection...

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-"..flood prevention, climate change

-mitigation and food production."

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-Next, the Green Party...

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-..which pushes to

-"remain in the Single Market."

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-But only one sentence in their

-main manifesto refers to farming.

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-The Greens would introduce

-an "Environmental Protection Act"...

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-..that would, among other things...

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-.."promote

-sustainable food and farming."

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-UKIP insists on a hard Brexit.

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-That includes "leaving the

-Single Market and EU customs union."

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-Grants from Brussels

-would be available...

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-..under

-an UKIP Government in Britain.

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-They'd roll out a new Single Payment

-that's fairer for smaller farms.

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-However, a "cap of 120,000

-would be introduced on subsidies."

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-For the Conservatives...

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-..Brexit means we will no longer be

-part of the European Single Market.

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-But they will seek

-"a deep and special partnership...

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-"..including a comprehensive

-free trade and customs agreement."

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-They will also create

-new trade partnerships...

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-.."with countries beyond Europe."

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-They pledge "the same financial

-support for farmers until 2022...

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-"..and then they'll devise

-a new agri-environment system"...

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-..at the Senedd

-following the next election.

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-Focus is given to other agricultural

-matters in the manifestos...

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-..from improving food labelling

-and safeguarding animal welfare...

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-..to controlling fuel prices.

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-There's one other thing

-which poses a threat...

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-..to the international trade

-we've been discussing.

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-The greatest threat

-to dairy and beef farmers...

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-..are those two words, bovine TB.

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-But only three of the parties

-refer to it in their manifestos.

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-Whilst both unions believe...

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-..that DEFRA's policy

-to cull badgers...

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-..should continue in England...

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-..Labour believes in halting

-the cull, which it claims...

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-..spreads TB.

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-The Liberal Democrats are in favour

-of more compassionate ways...

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-..of controlling the disease,

-including more vaccine research.

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-UKIP wants to adopt

-a new attitude to the problem...

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-..based on the advice

-issued by vets and the unions.

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-Who'd give the agricultural world

-the strongest voice in Westminster?

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-Is one colour welly

-better than the others?

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-That's up to you to decide.

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-But remember one thing - out of the

-650 MPs in the House of Commons...

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-..only one in six,

-a little over 100 of them...

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-..represent rural constituencies.

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-It's important

-they understand the challenges...

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-..facing the agricultural world.

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-Ask your representatives

-about their policies...

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-..in case

-there are holes in a few wellies.

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-And don't forget to vote!

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-That's it for Part 1.

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-Join us after the break when I'll be

-at Llanelwedd's Spring Festival.

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-See you shortly.

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-.

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-Subtitles

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-Subtitles

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-This festival used to be called

-the Smallholders' Show...

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-..but it's since been rebranded

-as the Spring Show...

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-..which reflects its appeal

-to a wider audience.

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-The diversity, from rare breeds

-to Welsh foods, attracts thousands.

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-One of the most popular sections

-at the two-day event are the sheep.

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-A seasoned competitor here...

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-..is Cenin Eifion, Y Winllan,

-Penisa'r Waun, Caernarfon.

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-What attracts you to

-the Spring Festival year after year?

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-It's a chance to exhibit the sheep

-I've been working on all year...

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-..and have fun with friends.

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-Why do you favour

-Welsh Hill Speckled Face sheep?

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-It's Taid's fault, to be honest -

-my father's father.

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-He kept them in Carno and Dad

-brought them to North Wales.

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-They're multi purpose, in a way.

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-I have to ask, how do you

-get the wool to look so good?

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-They're well covered

-for this time of year.

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-It's down to luck.

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-I cross my fingers

-that it's not going to fall out...

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-..and hope that the judge

-puts his hands in the right places!

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-And how much luck

-was on your side today?

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-I did well. One third, one fourth.

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-I won one fifth and a reserve prize

-with the group, so I'm very happy.

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-The festival

-has certainly made its mark...

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-..and is gaining popularity

-year on year.

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-The tractors are a sight to behold.

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-This festival is unique, isn't it?

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-Yes, it's grown in recent years.

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-It appeals to those

-who want to live in the countryside.

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-Cattle numbers have increased

-substantially of late.

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-Many young people are now exhibiting

-and growing in confidence.

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-This is the only event we organize

-that's held on the weekend.

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-We're aiming mostly at families...

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-..and people are enjoying

-the wide range of activities.

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-The pig section

-is incredibly strong this year...

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-..with 332 entrants,

-an increase on last year.

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-This is good news...

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-..since a new enterprise is being

-launched to develop the sector.

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-Menter Moch Cymru.

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-Menter Moch Cymru aims to double the

-pig herds here in Wales, if we can.

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-We're working with

-every aspect of the supply chain.

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-It's a golden opportunity.

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-The industry is worth some 217m...

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-..but we're currently only supplying

-5% of that in Wales.

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-There's potential

-to greatly develop the industry.

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-What's the biggest problem

-in terms of pig numbers?

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-Historically there have been

-problems with pricing.

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-We're not maintaining the practice

-and we've lost our husbandry skills.

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-Abattoirs are growing scarce and the

-veterinary skills are diminishing.

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-It's important there's

-enough of an industry to develop.

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-Renowned chef Bryn Williams prepared

-delicious meals at the launch...

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-..to demonstrate

-the versatility of Welsh pork.

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-A quality bacon butty

-is the best thing in the world.

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-At the restaurant, we use every

-part, from the nose to the tail.

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-It's so versatile.

-That's why we serve so much pork.

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-It's versatile, it's tasty

-and you can make various dishes...

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-..from breakfast until supper.

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-Pig numbers in Wales are dwindling.

-Is it difficult to acquire meat?

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-I'm lucky. I get my supply

-from Glyn Williams in Denbigh.

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-He slaughters pigs himself.

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-He farms pigs and I know

-I'm getting Welsh pigs from him.

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-But we're importing

-more than we produce...

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-..which shows there's

-an untapped market in Wales...

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-..so farmers

-need to breed more pigs.

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-The most important thing

-in a restaurant is the produce.

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-From pork and beef

-to eggs, milk and cream.

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-That's why

-I always use Welsh produce.

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-I know it's going to taste nice

-and I'm helping Welsh farmers.

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-Without them,

-we'd have no quality produce.

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-They're the stars of the food chain.

-I can't do my job without them.

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-Do pig breeders like Ela and Huw

-Roberts of the Oinc Oink company...

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-..feel that there's been sufficient

-pig promotion in the past?

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-No, definitely not. The money

-hasn't been available to promote it.

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-They've since secured

-financial backing...

0:20:140:20:18

-..so hopefully they'll be able to

-promote the quality of Welsh pork.

0:20:180:20:23

-The Oinc Oink company...

0:20:240:20:27

-..has been very busy promoting pigs

-in general and your herd, of course.

0:20:270:20:32

-We thought the only way we'd

-be successful selling our pigs...

0:20:320:20:37

-..was by selling them ourselves

-and establishing our own brand.

0:20:380:20:42

-We've worked hard

-developing Oinc Oink.

0:20:420:20:46

-We've turned it into a success.

0:20:460:20:50

-Today's been

-another successful show for you.

0:20:500:20:54

-It's been

-a very good day for us today.

0:20:540:20:57

-Six first prizes

-in the Welsh pig section...

0:20:570:21:00

-..Reserve Champion

-and Supreme Champion.

0:21:000:21:03

-We also won the pair and the group.

-We couldn't have asked for more!

0:21:030:21:08

-Back with the sheep,

-and the native breeds...

0:21:130:21:16

-..are generally very popular

-with smallholders and children.

0:21:170:21:21

-Mathew Brown is a smallholder

-from Carmarthenshire.

0:21:210:21:25

-This family

-is having a ball here today.

0:21:270:21:30

-What is it about the festival

-that's so appealing?

0:21:300:21:33

-I'd say it's spending the weekend

-with the family after lambing.

0:21:330:21:38

-It's something to look forward to

-despite all the preparation.

0:21:380:21:42

-You try to spot

-something special in a lamb...

0:21:420:21:45

-..and hope the markings are good.

0:21:450:21:47

-You then feed them up and preen them

-in time for this festival.

0:21:480:21:53

-This isn't a festival

-solely for smallholders.

0:21:530:21:56

-No. Anyone can compete here.

0:21:560:22:00

-It's a chance

-for the young ones to compete too.

0:22:000:22:04

-It's a stepping stone, in a way.

0:22:040:22:07

-Where did your interest

-in keeping Torwen sheep stem from?

0:22:070:22:10

-I came here about six years ago

-and fancied the breed...

0:22:110:22:14

-..so Mam-gu and Tad-cu

-bought us six for Christmas.

0:22:140:22:17

-You have many more now.

0:22:180:22:20

-Yes, we enjoy exhibiting them.

0:22:210:22:24

-What do you like about the Torwens?

0:22:240:22:26

-I like going in the ring

-and exhibiting them, mostly.

0:22:270:22:31

-It's a unique feeling

-being in the ring. How do you feel?

0:22:310:22:35

-You feel a bit nervous...

0:22:350:22:37

-..but when you sense

-that the judge likes something...

0:22:380:22:41

-..you feel

-more of a part of it then.

0:22:420:22:44

-And Mam, how have the girls

-developed from exhibiting?

0:22:450:22:49

-They've gained

-so much more confidence.

0:22:490:22:52

-They've also had to learn to win and

-lose. That's very important in life.

0:22:520:22:57

-It also teaches them

-how to prepare the animals.

0:22:570:23:01

-I began preparing them

-under my father's supervision.

0:23:010:23:04

-He'd often shout and ball!

0:23:050:23:07

-But it's been a big help

-in developing their characters.

0:23:070:23:11

-The younger generation

-is the show's future.

0:23:110:23:16

-That's all for this week. We'll be

-back at the same time next week.

0:23:280:23:33

-Until then,

-thank you for your company.

0:23:330:23:36

-Goodbye.

0:23:360:23:37

-S4C Subtitles by Adnod Cyf.

0:23:540:23:56

-.

0:23:560:23:56

Cyfres gylchgrawn am faterion cefn gwlad. Countryside and farming magazine.


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