Mon, 22 Jan 2018 Ffermio


Mon, 22 Jan 2018

Cyfres gylchgrawn am faterion cefn gwlad. Countryside and farming magazine.


Similar Content

Browse content similar to Mon, 22 Jan 2018. Check below for episodes and series from the same categories and more!

Transcript


LineFromTo

-Subtitles

0:00:000:00:00

-Subtitles

-

-Subtitles

0:00:000:00:02

-The highest number of sheep

-since the turn of the century.

0:00:060:00:10

-Has it affected the market?

0:00:100:00:12

-There may be too much.

-Where will the lambs go?

0:00:120:00:14

-Would you like to save thousands

-on feeding costs?

0:00:150:00:20

-We hear from one farmer

-who's succeeded in doing so.

0:00:200:00:24

-Many people can do it,

-they just haven't thought about it.

0:00:240:00:28

-A problem that many families face -

-succession.

0:00:290:00:33

-It's a sad situation. We discuss it

-as a family every now and then.

0:00:340:00:38

-We haven't found the answer yet.

0:00:390:00:42

-At the last count, there were

-10 million sheep in Wales.

0:00:470:00:52

-It's the highest number

-for 15 years.

0:00:520:00:54

-Is this good news for the sector?

0:00:550:00:57

-It's a busy day in Ruthin Mart.

0:00:580:01:00

-Farmers are eager to get

-the best prices for their stock.

0:01:000:01:04

-Numbers fell during the time

-we had the Foot and Mouth disease.

0:01:100:01:15

-After that, numbers increased again.

0:01:160:01:19

-Do all these sheep make a difference

-in the marketplace?

0:01:190:01:24

-Any rise in numbers increases demand

-for different markets.

0:01:240:01:30

-We must remember that we

-import lambs from New Zealand.

0:01:300:01:35

-The numbers of sheep in New Zealand

-had dropped dramatically.

0:01:370:01:40

-They were down a million and a half

-last year.

0:01:400:01:43

-There's a market here, there's

-a place for them in the market...

0:01:430:01:47

-..but yes, the numbers

-make a difference to the prices.

0:01:470:01:51

-With a higher number, more sales

-are needed which affects the price.

0:01:510:01:56

-Meat Promotion Wales

-keeps an eye on the industry.

0:01:560:01:59

-They're also responsible

-for marketing the lamb.

0:02:000:02:03

-How have they responded

-to the recent rise in numbers?

0:02:030:02:07

-Numbers have reached 10 million.

0:02:070:02:10

-The market has been relatively

-buoyant in recent times...

0:02:100:02:15

-..and sales of lamb

-have been quite high...

0:02:150:02:18

-..especially on the continent.

0:02:190:02:21

-Export sales

-have been very strong too.

0:02:210:02:24

-At the same time...

0:02:240:02:27

-..we've seen a drop in the number

-of suckler cows in Wales.

0:02:270:02:31

-That's also an important factor.

0:02:320:02:34

-If farmers don't keep cattle,

-they keep more sheep.

0:02:340:02:38

-That's why we have so many of them.

0:02:380:02:40

-Back in the mart,

-we catch up with Rhys Hughes...

0:02:400:02:44

-..a Llangollen farmer.

0:02:440:02:48

-There may well be too many,

-there may well be too many.

0:02:480:02:52

-Where will all the lambs go?

0:02:520:02:54

-There's a market for the best lambs

-but not for those under 30kgs.

0:02:540:02:59

-There's no market

-for them this year.

0:02:590:03:02

-There was no market

-for them last year.

0:03:020:03:04

-It is a big worry.

0:03:050:03:07

-Meat Promotion Wales tell us we have

-to change our system of farming...

0:03:080:03:12

-..and breed heavier lambs

-but it's not easy on the hills.

0:03:120:03:16

-Is having 10 million sheep in Wales

-affecting your business?

0:03:160:03:21

-Yes, there are too many sheep.

0:03:210:03:24

-The market for small lambs...

0:03:240:03:26

-..has been troublesome

-over the past three years.

0:03:270:03:31

-There was a strong market in

-Spain, Portugal, Italy and Greece.

0:03:310:03:37

-Those markets have changed

-for different reasons.

0:03:380:03:41

-Economies in those countries aren't

-as strong as they were 10 years ago.

0:03:410:03:46

-Business is being done but

-that business is often undermined...

0:03:470:03:52

-..by produce coming in

-from Bulgaria and Romania.

0:03:520:03:56

-The market has changed.

0:03:560:03:58

-We'll have to adapt the way

-we supply those markets.

0:03:580:04:02

-Despite an increase in sheep numbers

-with more being exported...

0:04:030:04:08

-..last year, lamb sales fell by 10%

-in Great Britain last year.

0:04:090:04:15

-Are we overproducing?

0:04:150:04:18

-I wouldn't say so.

0:04:180:04:20

-There are more in the market but

-you have to change with the times...

0:04:200:04:25

-..and unfortunately,

-if prices fall...

0:04:250:04:28

-..the only way to increase income

-is to produce more.

0:04:290:04:32

-That's natural in life.

0:04:320:04:35

-I wouldn't call it overproducing.

0:04:350:04:37

-Farmers are just producing animals

-that don't fit market demand.

0:04:380:04:43

-What we produce is still the same...

0:04:430:04:46

-..and what the customer consumes

-in Great Britain is also the same...

0:04:460:04:51

-..but a greater proportion of

-what we produce has been exported.

0:04:510:04:54

-Exports have increased

-due to the weakness of the pound...

0:04:550:04:58

-..compared to two years ago.

0:04:580:05:02

-That's why the price of lamb eaten

-and bought in shops in Britain...

0:05:020:05:07

-..has fallen a little.

0:05:070:05:10

-When you produce something,

-you expect a fair price for it.

0:05:110:05:14

-You don't want to be offered

-1/kilo for lambs in a mart.

0:05:150:05:18

-That's what happened today, locally.

0:05:190:05:22

-1/kilo.

0:05:230:05:24

-The price has bottomed out now.

0:05:250:05:28

-Is there a future in Wales for

-the small lamb? Is there a future?

0:05:280:05:33

-If there's no future, where do I go?

-Many farmers feel the same.

0:05:330:05:39

-From the mart in Ruthin

-to Llanefydd.

0:05:440:05:48

-Alun's met a farmer

-trialling a new system on his farm.

0:05:480:05:53

-At this time of year, we start

-to regret our New Year resolutions.

0:06:000:06:05

-Most people want to save money

-and lose weight.

0:06:050:06:09

-I have no problems losing weight,

-but today I'm visiting a farm...

0:06:090:06:14

-..that's cut 6,000

-from its cattle winterising bill.

0:06:140:06:18

-Arthur and Menna Williams

-farm Carwed Fynydd...

0:06:270:06:29

-..a 400-acre farm consisting

-of 120 cattle and 900 Lleyn sheep.

0:06:300:06:36

-Last year, they looked at ways

-of reducing costs.

0:06:370:06:41

-After feeding kale since 2010...

0:06:410:06:44

-..Arthur now grows fodder beet...

0:06:440:06:49

-..in the hope

-of keeping cattle out longer.

0:06:490:06:52

-When you turned the cattle

-to that crop for the first time...

0:06:520:06:56

-..how did you control

-how much they ate?

0:06:570:07:01

-There must have been a lot

-of calculations.

0:07:010:07:04

-You can't just turn them

-to fodder beet.

0:07:050:07:08

-There's a lot of work to do.

0:07:080:07:10

-We initially put the breeding

-heifers on the fodder beet.

0:07:100:07:15

-We put them in

-and lifted the fodder beet by hand.

0:07:150:07:18

-We fed them

-and increased the amount every day.

0:07:190:07:25

-We would increase the amount

-until they were eating it properly.

0:07:250:07:30

-We made sure they didn't eat

-too much leading to acidosis.

0:07:300:07:36

-With the kale, you could turn

-the cattle to kale right away.

0:07:370:07:43

-That's a big advantage

-with the kale.

0:07:430:07:47

-Seven and a half acres of the farm

-was sown with Robbos fodder beet...

0:07:480:07:52

-..to see if it was more productive

-than kale.

0:07:530:07:56

-We have 23 breeding heifers on it.

0:07:560:07:59

-It will sustain them for 120 days.

0:07:590:08:03

-They've been on it

-since the beginning of December.

0:08:030:08:06

-There's room for 500 lamb ewes

-for 70 days.

0:08:070:08:12

-As well as reducing feeding costs

-for cattle...

0:08:130:08:16

-..you're cutting sheep costs too.

0:08:160:08:20

-What happened to the sheep

-before this?

0:08:200:08:23

-We've been sending 600 lamb ewes

-to Chester on tack.

0:08:230:08:27

-We still send some, just in case

-the fodder beet didn't work.

0:08:270:08:32

-We'll be sending less next time

-and growing more fodder beet.

0:08:320:08:37

-Today, Farming Connect

-have organised an open day...

0:08:380:08:41

-..to show the results

-of the experiment.

0:08:410:08:44

-Emyr Owen has been crucial

-during this process.

0:08:440:08:48

-He's the Red Meat Technical Officer

-for North Wales.

0:08:480:08:51

-I was hoping to see half the land

-used to grow fodder beet.

0:08:510:08:56

-Because it produces so much

-per hectare...

0:08:570:09:00

-..it would ultimately

-prove cheaper than kale...

0:09:000:09:03

-..because kale requires more land.

0:09:040:09:06

-Fortunately,

-that's exactly what's happened.

0:09:060:09:10

-It's not for everyone but a lot of

-people have the ability to do it.

0:09:100:09:14

-They just haven't thought about it.

0:09:150:09:17

-Can it become a problem

-when there's challenging weather...

0:09:170:09:23

-..or the ground is being compacted

-because there's so much trampling?

0:09:240:09:30

-You should just take it as it comes.

0:09:300:09:33

-Just be as proactive as you can be

-when you're managing stock.

0:09:340:09:38

-The cattle do much

-of the maintenance work for you...

0:09:380:09:42

-..you're not burning diesel and it's

-a great system if you can do it.

0:09:420:09:46

-One of the guest speakers,

-Charlie Morgan...

0:09:490:09:51

-..is an expert at growing crops.

0:09:520:09:55

-A good turnout, Charlie, an audience

-keen to learn something different.

0:09:550:10:00

-People are realising now

-that things have to change.

0:10:000:10:05

-No-one knows

-what the future holds...

0:10:050:10:08

-..but they know that if they do the

-same thing, they'll go backwards.

0:10:080:10:15

-They have to ask

-how are they going to change...

0:10:150:10:18

-..what's the answer for them

-in the future...

0:10:190:10:21

-..and how much

-they are willing to spend.

0:10:220:10:25

-Hay is 120-130 per tonne.

0:10:260:10:29

-If you want to build a shed,

-that incurs a great cost.

0:10:290:10:33

-If you're looking

-for flexibility within a system...

0:10:330:10:37

-..when you grow a crop like this,

-you can change things.

0:10:370:10:41

-Some people are talking about

-keeping more cattle and less sheep.

0:10:410:10:46

-Is that fair or not?

0:10:460:10:48

-You have the flexibility here

-without having to spend too much.

0:10:490:10:53

-It's been an eye-opener to see how

-one business has helped cut costs.

0:10:530:10:58

-What did farmers think

-about the day?

0:10:580:11:02

-The yield is good but I'm worried

-about spraying on the slopes.

0:11:020:11:08

-There are places you can drill

-but you can't go there to spray.

0:11:080:11:12

-You need to spray it three times.

0:11:130:11:15

-Paul, looking at the set-up here, is

-it suitable for your land at home?

0:11:160:11:22

-Very unlikely, with three times

-the amount of rain they have here.

0:11:220:11:27

-I don't think so,

-my land is much heavier.

0:11:270:11:30

-It does make you think

-about what you can grow.

0:11:300:11:34

-That's why I asked the question.

0:11:340:11:36

-If neither fodder beet and kale

-are options, swedes are an option.

0:11:370:11:41

-It's made you think differently.

0:11:410:11:45

-I've grown the odd year of kale

-over the past few years.

0:11:460:11:49

-I'm very interested in fodder beet.

0:11:510:11:55

-From what I've understood today...

0:11:570:12:00

-..it does require more work.

0:12:000:12:02

-There are more costs, spraying work

-and more feeding work.

0:12:020:12:07

-It has its uses and it's worth a lot

-to cattle as feed.

0:12:080:12:15

-It's early days on the fodder beet.

0:12:160:12:20

-You'll still want to calve cattle

-on this system.

0:12:200:12:23

-That's the future.

0:12:230:12:25

-That's cost effective.

0:12:260:12:28

-This is pioneering.

0:12:280:12:30

-After all, if you can save 6,000

-of costs in one year...

0:12:300:12:35

-..it's a substantial saving.

0:12:350:12:38

-Yes, it is.

0:12:380:12:39

-You save money

-by not sending sheep out on tack.

0:12:390:12:43

-If there's any chance to save money,

-you should try something new.

0:12:430:12:49

-It's nice to see farmers adapting

-their businesses for the future.

0:12:560:13:01

-Next, the latest about bird flu.

0:13:010:13:03

-Following the announcement

-that bird flu had been detected...

0:13:060:13:10

-..in two locations in England...

0:13:100:13:12

-..Defra has extended the bird flu

-prevention zone across England.

0:13:130:13:18

-The risk level for poultry

-was raised to medium...

0:13:180:13:22

-..and for wild birds to high.

0:13:230:13:25

-Cabinet Secretary for Energy,

-Planning and Rural Affairs...

0:13:270:13:32

-..Lesley Griffiths, has decided

-that there is no reason...

0:13:330:13:36

-..to declare statutory controls

-in Wales at the moment.

0:13:370:13:40

-The situation

-will be closely monitored.

0:13:410:13:44

-Poultry keepers

-should remain vigilant....

0:13:450:13:48

-..and adhere to the strict

-biosecurity regulations.

0:13:480:13:52

-That's all for Part 1.

0:13:550:13:57

-Join me later for a subject that

-can cause concern for families.

0:13:570:14:03

-See you soon.

0:14:030:14:05

-.

0:14:060:14:06

-Subtitles

0:14:110:14:11

-Subtitles

-

-Subtitles

0:14:110:14:13

-We're not getting any younger.

0:14:160:14:18

-The question of succession,

-who will be here to farm after us...

0:14:180:14:23

-..is a question worrying

-more than one family farm.

0:14:230:14:27

-The same worry exists

-at Trefaes Fawr, Newcastle Emlyn.

0:14:320:14:36

-Here, Huw and Carys

-have farmed for 40 years.

0:14:360:14:41

-They have four daughters.

0:14:430:14:46

-As part of her journalism course

-in Cardiff University...

0:14:460:14:50

-..youngest daughter Elen

-reported on this subject.

0:14:510:14:55

-I had to write an article

-as part of the coursework.

0:14:550:14:58

-They said "write what you know".

0:15:000:15:04

-It would be easy for me

-to get information from Dad...

0:15:040:15:07

-..and it would be easy for me

-to add my own input.

0:15:080:15:11

-A lot of people

-are thinking about the future.

0:15:110:15:15

-In terms of writing the article,

-have you had any added pressure...

0:15:150:15:20

-..about the future of the farm -

-does it worry you?

0:15:200:15:24

-It does worry me but it's difficult

-for me to come up with an answer.

0:15:250:15:29

-I've chosen to study

-Welsh and Journalism in Cardiff.

0:15:300:15:35

-It makes me wonder whether

-I could come back to the farm.

0:15:350:15:40

-I don't think it's something

-you can easily do on your own.

0:15:410:15:44

-I couldn't come home

-to start farming on my own.

0:15:450:15:48

-It's a large farm.

0:15:480:15:50

-It's a lot of work.

0:15:500:15:52

-Tell us your story.

-How did you get into farming?

0:15:540:15:57

-Well, I was an only child.

0:15:580:16:00

-Dad and Mam were farmers.

0:16:000:16:03

-That's it,

-I didn't think anymore about it.

0:16:040:16:07

-I walked into it quite easily.

0:16:070:16:10

-I enjoyed farming anyway.

-I would join Dad all the time.

0:16:100:16:14

-I was following him everywhere

-from a young age.

0:16:140:16:18

-From then on, that's all I knew.

0:16:180:16:22

-I stayed very close to home.

0:16:220:16:24

-My parents farmed and they wanted me

-to do something beyond farming.

0:16:240:16:29

-They hoped I'd come back to farming

-after other experiences.

0:16:290:16:34

-I had the chance to work

-in a bank...

0:16:340:16:36

-..so I took it to get experience

-of the other side of life.

0:16:370:16:40

-A farm was coming up from Tad-cu,

-Wern Gadno.

0:16:410:16:44

-I was working on that farm

-for some of the year.

0:16:440:16:48

-I kept 100 sheep on rented land so I

-had that when I came home from work.

0:16:480:16:54

-I then made the decision

-to come home to farm.

0:16:540:16:57

-I met Carys at the same time

-and I've been farming ever since.

0:16:580:17:02

-Those are the experiences of Huw

-and Carys but what of the future?

0:17:030:17:08

-We do worry that no-one

-will succeed us on the farm.

0:17:080:17:12

-We must think

-about taking things more gently.

0:17:120:17:16

-We won't be able to keep going

-during the lambing season.

0:17:180:17:23

-We lamb 1,500 - we can't continue

-doing it as we get older.

0:17:230:17:29

-What's the answer if you want

-to attract new blood to farming?

0:17:290:17:33

-We're getting the same price for our

-produce but our costs have doubled.

0:17:330:17:38

-That makes it difficult for people

-who want to become farmers.

0:17:380:17:42

-It's a large cost initially...

0:17:430:17:45

-..and you have no guarantee

-for the price of your produce.

0:17:450:17:49

-It doesn't give anyone

-any confidence in farming.

0:17:490:17:54

-Three of Carys and Huw's daughters

-have chosen other career paths.

0:17:580:18:03

-Nerys is a doctor,

-Gwawr's a nurse...

0:18:030:18:05

-..and Sara works

-for Ceredigion Council.

0:18:050:18:09

-I decided when I was choosing

-A Level subjects...

0:18:090:18:13

-..that I wanted to become a doctor.

0:18:130:18:15

-That was a turning point.

0:18:160:18:18

-I knew I faced many years

-in college.

0:18:180:18:22

-I don't think anyone studies

-for five years, sits the exams...

0:18:220:18:27

-..and then turns their back on it

-and returns to farming.

0:18:270:18:31

-After qualifying,

-I decided I wanted to become a GP.

0:18:310:18:34

-That's what I'm doing now

-in Pontyclun, Llantrisant.

0:18:340:18:39

-I have no intention of farming

-ever again, to be honest.

0:18:390:18:43

-I never knew what I wanted to do

-when I was in school.

0:18:430:18:46

-I chose my subjects

-and Mam and Dad...

0:18:470:18:50

-..encouraged us

-to do well in school...

0:18:510:18:53

-..and to study in university.

0:18:530:18:56

-I did a nursing degree.

0:18:560:18:57

-I'm now a community nurse

-in Cardigan.

0:18:580:19:03

-The experience of being raised

-on a farm, it was brilliant.

0:19:040:19:08

-I enjoyed every minute.

0:19:080:19:10

-I enjoyed the motorbike,

-I enjoyed going around the fields.

0:19:100:19:15

-When you're in your teens,

-the situation changes.

0:19:150:19:18

-We grew up

-and learnt how to cook supper.

0:19:190:19:22

-My memory of the lambing season...

0:19:220:19:26

-..is Mam and Dad in the shed

-every hour of the day and night.

0:19:260:19:30

-They'd come in for supper

-I'd cooked at 8.00pm.

0:19:300:19:34

-Supper in the oven.

-They'd come in at 10.00pm.

0:19:350:19:38

-We'd usually eat supper together but

-that never happened during lambing.

0:19:380:19:43

-They were out all the time.

0:19:430:19:45

-I've never said

-I wouldn't come back...

0:19:450:19:48

-..but I go to work, 9 to 5.

0:19:490:19:51

-When I leave work, I leave work

-behind and start again the next day.

0:19:510:19:56

-Mam and Dad are in work

-all the time.

0:19:560:19:59

-It's 24 hours a day,

-seven days a week.

0:19:590:20:03

-Like I said, it's a way of life.

0:20:030:20:06

-I think life is easier for my

-sisters who have a settled life...

0:20:070:20:12

-..when you compare it

-to Mam and Dad.

0:20:120:20:15

-Nerys is a doctor,

-she earns a wage...

0:20:150:20:18

-..she knows how much she earns

-every month.

0:20:180:20:21

-She's on maternity at the moment.

0:20:210:20:24

-Had she been a farmer, the baby

-would be out with her all the time.

0:20:240:20:28

-She wouldn't receive

-any maternity pay.

0:20:280:20:31

-She would have to keep going

-on the farm.

0:20:310:20:34

-Only by working

-would she earn money.

0:20:340:20:37

-Looking to the future, would you

-want to see your daughters...

0:20:390:20:42

-..coming back to the farm

-and leaving their way of life?

0:20:430:20:47

-It would be nice, yes.

-That's what gives you pleasure.

0:20:470:20:51

-It would be nice to see them back

-but I can't see it happening...

0:20:520:20:57

-..the way farming is going

-right now.

0:20:570:21:00

-We're not making big profits.

0:21:020:21:04

-They work 9 to 5, they know

-where they stand every week.

0:21:040:21:08

-They enjoy coming home,

-they enjoy working on the farm.

0:21:080:21:12

-It's another thing to work here

-every day of the week.

0:21:120:21:17

-It's a sad situation. I don't think

-we've found the answer yet.

0:21:280:21:33

-We discuss it as a family

-every now and then.

0:21:340:21:37

-We haven't found the answer yet.

0:21:370:21:41

-I feel guilty that none of us

-will return to farming.

0:21:410:21:46

-These are family farms.

-These farms have sentimental value.

0:21:460:21:52

-They've been passed down

-through the generations.

0:21:530:21:57

-They're also homes for us.

0:21:570:21:59

-It's sad to think that the farm

-won't stay in our family...

0:21:590:22:06

-..for generations to come.

0:22:060:22:09

-It's a concern shared by families

-across Wales.

0:22:220:22:26

-If you're wondering what to do

-with your farm in the future...

0:22:260:22:30

-..get in touch with us

-so we can hear your story.

0:22:310:22:34

-That's all for this week.

-Join us again next Monday night.

0:22:340:22:38

-Thanks for joining us. Goodnight.

0:22:380:22:41

-S4C Subtitles by Adnod Cyf.

0:22:570:22:59

-.

0:23:000:23:00

Cyfres gylchgrawn am faterion cefn gwlad. Countryside and farming magazine.


Download Subtitles

SRT

ASS