Bydd Alun yn arwerthiant olaf y gymdeithas ddefaid CAMDA a byddwn yng nghanol trafodaethau Brexit Undeb Amaethwyr Cymru. Alun is in the CAMDA sheep sale and we join the FUW Brex...
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-Hello and welcome to Ffermio
-from Ceirnioge Mawr, Pentrefoelas.
-We're here for the end of an era...
-..in terms of breeding and
-registering Welsh mountain sheep.
-We'll also be launching the annual
-Ifor Williams trailer competition.
-And we'll be looking
-at the latest Brexit news.
-First, last week, Daloni
-went to meet Richard Tudor...
-..on his farm, Llysun, Llanerfyl.
-Congratulations to him...
-..for winning the Best Beef Farmer
-in the Farmers' Weekly Awards.
-Quite an achievement.
-With agricultural markets
-becoming ever more arbitrary...
-..there's yet more emphasis
-Securing another income stream
-for the farm.
-Daloni has been
-to meet one farmer...
-..who has harnessed
-the natural resources on his land...
-..to generate energy
-and building materials.
-This is Blaencwm Farm,
-It's home to Wyn and Laura Jones
-and their family...
-..and Wyn's parents
-Arwyn and Glenys.
-The farmyard is 1,000 feet
-above sea level.
-The land extends up the mountain
-as high as 2,000 feet.
-Welsh Mountain sheep and Welsh Black
-cattle are reared here on 650 acres.
-You live in an amazing place.
-I've never been here before
-but the view is incredible.
-It's a lovely day.
-to live in such a splendid place.
-We know we're very lucky.
-Where are we geographically?
-On the road between Llanuwchllyn
-and Dinas Mawddwy.
-is the name of the area.
-It's the highest road in Wales.
-We are quite high up.
-We are quite high up.
-How are you diversifying?
-My father bought a mobile sawmill
-in the 1990s.
-He would visit a lot of farms.
-Then we concentrated more
-on cutting up wood at home.
-Then we moved on to machinery that
-dried wood and planks in particular.
-We can do oak floors
-and skirtings and doors.
-We had a problem with the waste wood
-from that process.
-So we bought in a biomass boiler
-to heat both our houses.
-It also helps with drying the wood.
-We also erected a windmill in
-Llanidloes a couple of years back.
-It all helps with income.
-Over the years, they've benefitted
-from several environmental schemes.
-Today, they are hosting
-an open day...
-..for the Farmers Union of Wales
-and the FWAG Association...
-..the Farming and Wildlife
-In 2014, we joined Glastir Entry.
-The following year,
-we joined Glastir Advanced.
-We've done a lot of work restoring
-hedges and fencing and the like.
-It works well with the farm.
-Dewi Davies, a consultant, helped
-with getting it to suit the farm.
-He helped to match it up
-with the environmental plan.
-How do you see things developing?
-We want to sustain
-our conservational activities.
-We have quite a wealth of bird
-species and wildlife around here.
-It's really good to see them here
-with the stock.
-Since 1990, the family has
-established several schemes here.
-They all involve wood.
-How did you start
-working with wood, Arwyn?
-I must have had some love for wood.
-There were rumours that farm
-subsidies were being reduced.
-I came across this saw
-in the show in Llanelwedd.
-I liked it and I bought it.
-We've been at it ever since
-and this is our third one.
-What can it do?
-It's not a normal saw.
-It's not a normal saw.
-It's called a bandsaw.
-It's very mobile and versatile.
-It cuts hardwood, softwood,
-small pieces, large pieces.
-It cuts anything from a foot
-to a full yard in thickness.
-You started out going
-from farm to farm cutting wood.
-That's where I started.
-I covered a huge area from Anglesey
-as far south as Llanddewi Brefi.
-By now, you have a use
-for the waste too.
-We do indeed.
-Wyn bought the biomass boiler when
-he saw there was support for it.
-It made complete sense.
-We had a huge pile of offcuts.
-It was worth running them
-through a chipper...
-..and using them
-to keep the houses warm.
-Is there too much for you
-and the family?
-The boiler is more powerful
-than was required for our houses.
-We keep timber dry in this shed.
-I hope to have a kiln to dry wood...
-..rather than use electricity
-to dry them.
-Today is an opportunity to discuss
-upland farmers' hopes and fears.
-is a great example of someone...
-..who's looked for new ideas and
-new income streams going forward.
-We're facing big challenges -
-leaving Europe and so on.
-Here, someone's thought positively,
-had a go and succeeded...
-..to secure future income...
-..on an upland farm
-such as this one.
-A day like this inspires people
-to think of new ideas.
-The discussions we've had,
-bringing politicians in...
-..and receiving positive comments
-from them, are great for the future.
-to open the children's eyes...
-..to how farms can diversify
-so they can stay in the countryside.
-How important are days like these?
-What's worthwhile for me...
-..is seeing the initiative
-of the people of this valley.
-They've started a timber industry.
-We've seen how they've developed,
-keeping cattle and so on.
-Behind us, they've installed
-a satellite to receive broadband.
-We don't have a signal in this area
-but they've found a way.
-At the same time,
-it shows the challenges...
-..faced by family businesses
-in areas such as this.
-It's a lovely day.
-With all the challenges
-..it's a chance to celebrate...
-..but we must also ensure
-that we fight for our future.
-What kind of day has it been?
-What kind of day has it been?
-A good one.
-The weather has been favourable.
-A good crowd's turned up.
-I've enjoyed myself immensely.
-Here in Ceirnioge Mawr, the rams
-are about to go under the hammer.
-It's the end of Cyril Lewis'
-long stint as secretary of CAMDA.
-CAMDA stands for Cymdeithas
-Amcanu Defaid Amgenach...
-..the Society for Sheep Improvement.
-We began in 1973-1974.
-There was a big sheep conference
-in New Zealand.
-A group of academics went out there.
-When they came back,
-they decided to start a scheme...
-..similar to one
-running in New Zealand.
-ABRO was running Rhyd y Glafes farm.
-Professor John King and Caradog
-Roberts were running ABRO then.
-What was ABRO?
-The Animal Breeding
-..that was run from Edinburgh.
-Everyone started off with ten sheep.
-Some were good sheep,
-others were not so good.
-from Bangor University...
-..and Caradog Roberts from Edinburgh
-were behind the scheme.
-It's gone well.
-ABRO sold all the farms...
-..and we needed to find
-somewhere else to keep the sheep.
-Dr Gwyn Williams was friendly
-with Captain Charles Wynne-Finch.
-They came to an agreement
-over this vacant farm...
-..and we brought the sheep here.
-We've had some good lads working
-with us, looking after the stock.
-Because everyone considered...
-..that Welsh lambs
-weighed too little...
-..our aim was to make the sheep
-larger and to improve their build.
-We wanted them
-to produce more lambs...
-..that were of a higher standard.
-We came across a problem after
-working on this for some ten years.
-The sheep had become quite large...
-..and they didn't like
-going up on the mountain.
-We had to change tack...
-..and chose those
-with the best conformation...
-..from those with the highest index.
-That worked very well.
-Has it been successful?
-To be honest...
-..when it comes to selling rams...
-..the rams with the highest index
-are very rarely the top sellers.
-With the recording
-and the breeding...
-..we'd like a nice one if possible,
-but they are rare.
-If you can get
-the two things together...
-..you have something worthwhile.
-You should write a book
-about all this, Cyril.
-It's a long time.
-I've been the secretary
-for 40 years.
-I was only doing it temporarily
-when I started in 1976...
-..just until they found
-Let this be a lesson to anyone...
-..who takes over
-a secretary's position temporarily.
-Nobody else will step in
-to take your place!
-One thing is certain.
-It will be easier to sell the rams
-..than to sort out the problems
-created by the decision...
-..to leave the EU.
-We'll discuss it after the break.
-See you in two minutes.
-Welcome back to the final CAMDA sale
-at Ceirnioge Mawr, Pentrefoelas.
-The ewes were sold
-around three weeks ago.
-It's just the rams
-and ram lambs left.
-There are two different
-kinds of buyers.
-Welsh breeders come here
-looking for a ram...
-..from its look, body and colour.
-People looking for Welsh lambs
-to fatten come here too.
-They want the index,
-the muscle fat and so on.
-One of the rams
-went for 2,300 guineas.
-That was a chap from Tal-y-bont.
-He's been here buying
-since the very first sale.
-He goes from the figures
-more than the animal type.
-..you've come all the way
-from Ceredigion to Pentrefoelas.
-What attracted you to the sale?
-We've always come up to CAMDA.
-We keep records at home as have
-CAMDA for the last 40 years.
-We've done the same for 20 years.
-There aren't many places in Wales...
-..where you can buy Welsh Mountain
-sheep with these figures.
-It's a sad day for us.
-We've bought two good rams here.
-only three flocks in Wales...
-..keep the type of Welsh Mountain
-sheep who record.
-It's strange to think
-that this is ending.
-Yes, it's very strange. It's very
-popular. I've been coming for years.
-I'm sure you've bought
-now and again.
-Yes, I've got one at home now.
-Like every sale,
-people pick the same things.
-Some go for 2,000
-some for 700-800...
-..and some for as little as 100.
-Is it interesting to you, being
-able to come and sell on a farm?
-Yes, it's a big change.
-Welsh Mountain sheep can be
-the hardest animals to sell.
-We bought two last year.
-I'm very pleased with them.
-Did you look at figures
-when you were buying?
-Not as much as others.
-I wanted the type with a good head,
-body and the best conformation.
-Given the fattened Welsh lamb
-market, it's been a very good sale.
-The Prime Minister,
-Theresa May, has announced...
-..the UK will begin the process
-of leaving the EU by March 2017.
-That was the subject
-of the FUW's conference this year.
-After a strong campaign
-to remain in the European Union...
-The Farmers Union of Wales
-have gathered at Llanelwedd.
-They want to discuss
-for the industry.
-I feel a responsibility now
-to make sure that it works.
-I do feel we have a responsibility
-to lead and set a foundation.
-One thing came out
-from Warwick Lightfoot this morning.
-It was positive for me.
-In his opinion, the traditional
-Welsh family farm...
-..will be more certain
-of its future than big farms...
-..where they get
-up to 800,000 in subsidies.
-We'll have to look after
-the family farm.
-The taxpayer will prefer
-seeing the money go to family farms.
-It's important that the pot of money
-is spread to where it's needed.
-I think that came out
-quite clearly this morning.
-If we're going to get
-favourable trade deals...
-..cheap food will come in
-from other countries too.
-A spin has been put recently...
-..on free trade
-with Australia and New Zealand.
-As far as agriculture is concerned,
-that won't help at all.
-It will hinder us.
-Australia and New Zealand
-want to import to this country...
-..exactly what we want to export
-from this country.
-It doesn't make much sense.
-Welsh farmers receive over 200
-million in European funds annually.
-They also gain access
-to 500 million customers.
-does the industry face?
-I think the main political challenge
-..is that we're not sure
-who we'll be working with.
-There's still a tension
-We're not sure who is going
-to fund agriculture.
-We know the money comes
-from the Treasury.
-We don't know
-what the route back to farmers is.
-The last thing we want to see...
-..is the money going
-through the Barnett Formula.
-That will cut the money
-that comes to agriculture.
-We also don't want it in a position
-where it can be moved...
-..from one budget to another in
-Wales under political motivations.
-We want something that guarantees
-money for agriculture.
-Maybe we need a framework.
-That is a huge political discussion.
-We as the FUW have asked
-for a law to be drafted...
-..that forces local authorities and
-the public sector to buy locally.
-If we do that,
-it will transform the market.
-It will guarantee the long term
-sustainability of the industry.
-A wide range of speakers
-are discussing various topics...
-..ranging from the economy
-They include Aled Jones,
-the RWAS Assistant Chief Executive.
-One of the things that struck me
-is that there will now be a focus...
-..on ensuring trade deals
-with other countries outside Europe.
-There are challenges there.
-There are political battles
-we'll have to fight...
-..to get these deals to work for us.
-There's a role for us to play
-in this as a society.
-I made a presentation following
-the Nuffield Scholarship.
-I looked at wider roles.
-The main purpose of that role
-..over our long history
-of promoting agriculture.
-That was to produce more. We now
-promote agriculture to the public.
-We need to get the customer...
-..to support the produce
-we make in Wales.
-There were many themes on the day.
-One was the importance
-of the environment...
-..as part of future subsidies.
-The public image of the industry
-was important too.
-How do farmers look to the future?
-As a mountain farmer,
-subsidies are incredibly important.
-It represents around three quarters
-of our income on mountain farms.
-What we produce in Welsh lambs
-doesn't come to much money.
-It hasn't done so for a few years.
-Until we get the money we expect
-from the lambs that we produce...
-..we can't do without them.
-As we've heard today, we've
-got the produce and the country.
-We need to use it and sell it here,
-not in foreign countries.
-We need to start here.
-The point I made was that
-while we are becoming...
-..more and more regulated
-which adds cost to our product...
-..in other parts of the world...
-..other countries that are not
-as highly regulated as us...
-..they carry on producing
-..without the environmental
-..without the animal welfare
-standards we have here in the UK.
-It enables them to import cheaper
-product here to us in the UK.
-As a farmer,
-I want a level playing field.
-There's a little worry
-but we need to be positive.
-We're leaving Europe.
-We need to work hard to market
-our produce to the outside market.
-I think it's important
-to be positive.
-There's always an upside
-to every challenge.
-Nothing comes easy.
-I think it's a good thing
-that this has happened.
-You'll get no fruit
-without shaking the tree.
-It's good to shake things up
-now and again.
-Next, the details
-of our annual competition.
-This year again,
-we've got three excellent prizes.
-They've all been donated
-by Ifor Williams Trailers.
-The first prize, the horsebox
-trailer, HB506 worth 4,180.
-The second prize
-is the P8G trailer worth 1,945.
-The third prize
-is the P7e trailer worth 950.
-To win one of them, you will have
-to answer five simple questions.
-They will be announced on Ffermio
-from next week onwards.
-The first letter of each answer will
-be an anagram of a five-letter word.
-You'll need to send us that word
-by 23 November.
-The details and rules of the
-competition are on our website.
-Don't forget to watch next week's
-programme for the first question.
-Good luck to you all.
-That's it for another week.
-The rams have all been sold
-and spread all across the country.
-They'll be breeding and keeping
-the CAMDA blood...
-..in the Welsh Mountain flock.
-That's it for now. From myself
-and the Ffermio team, goodbye.
-S4C Subtitles by Testun Cyf.
Bydd Alun yn arwerthiant olaf y gymdeithas ddefaid CAMDA a byddwn yng nghanol trafodaethau Brexit Undeb Amaethwyr Cymru. Alun is in the CAMDA sheep sale and we join the FUW Brexit talks.