Mon, 10 Oct 2016 Ffermio


Mon, 10 Oct 2016

Bydd Alun yn arwerthiant olaf y gymdeithas ddefaid CAMDA a byddwn yng nghanol trafodaethau Brexit Undeb Amaethwyr Cymru. Alun is in the CAMDA sheep sale and we join the FUW Brex...


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-Hello and welcome to Ffermio

-from Ceirnioge Mawr, Pentrefoelas.

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-We're here for the end of an era...

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-..in terms of breeding and

-registering Welsh mountain sheep.

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-We'll also be launching the annual

-Ifor Williams trailer competition.

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-And we'll be looking

-at the latest Brexit news.

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-First, last week, Daloni

-went to meet Richard Tudor...

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-..on his farm, Llysun, Llanerfyl.

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-Congratulations to him...

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-..for winning the Best Beef Farmer

-in the Farmers' Weekly Awards.

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-Quite an achievement.

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-With agricultural markets

-becoming ever more arbitrary...

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-..there's yet more emphasis

-on diversification.

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-Securing another income stream

-for the farm.

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-Daloni has been

-to meet one farmer...

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-..who has harnessed

-the natural resources on his land...

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-..to generate energy

-and building materials.

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-This is Blaencwm Farm,

-Cynllwyd, Llanuwchllyn.

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-It's home to Wyn and Laura Jones

-and their family...

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-..and Wyn's parents

-Arwyn and Glenys.

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-The farmyard is 1,000 feet

-above sea level.

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-The land extends up the mountain

-as high as 2,000 feet.

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-Welsh Mountain sheep and Welsh Black

-cattle are reared here on 650 acres.

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-You live in an amazing place.

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-I've never been here before

-but the view is incredible.

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-It's a lovely day.

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-We're lucky

-to live in such a splendid place.

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-We know we're very lucky.

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-Where are we geographically?

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-On the road between Llanuwchllyn

-and Dinas Mawddwy.

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-Bwlch-y-groes

-is the name of the area.

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-It's the highest road in Wales.

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-We are quite high up.

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-We are quite high up.

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-How are you diversifying?

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-My father bought a mobile sawmill

-in the 1990s.

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-He would visit a lot of farms.

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-Then we concentrated more

-on cutting up wood at home.

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-Then we moved on to machinery that

-dried wood and planks in particular.

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-We can do oak floors

-and skirtings and doors.

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-We had a problem with the waste wood

-from that process.

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-So we bought in a biomass boiler

-to heat both our houses.

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-It also helps with drying the wood.

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-We also erected a windmill in

-Llanidloes a couple of years back.

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-It all helps with income.

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-Over the years, they've benefitted

-from several environmental schemes.

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-Today, they are hosting

-an open day...

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-..for the Farmers Union of Wales

-and the FWAG Association...

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-..the Farming and Wildlife

-Advisory Group.

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-In 2014, we joined Glastir Entry.

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-The following year,

-we joined Glastir Advanced.

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-We've done a lot of work restoring

-hedges and fencing and the like.

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-It works well with the farm.

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-Dewi Davies, a consultant, helped

-with getting it to suit the farm.

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-He helped to match it up

-with the environmental plan.

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-How do you see things developing?

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-We want to sustain

-our conservational activities.

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-We have quite a wealth of bird

-species and wildlife around here.

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-It's really good to see them here

-with the stock.

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-Since 1990, the family has

-established several schemes here.

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-They all involve wood.

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-How did you start

-working with wood, Arwyn?

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-I must have had some love for wood.

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-There were rumours that farm

-subsidies were being reduced.

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-I came across this saw

-in the show in Llanelwedd.

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-I liked it and I bought it.

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-We've been at it ever since

-and this is our third one.

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-What can it do?

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-It's not a normal saw.

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-It's not a normal saw.

-

-It's called a bandsaw.

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-It's very mobile and versatile.

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-It cuts hardwood, softwood,

-small pieces, large pieces.

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-It cuts anything from a foot

-to a full yard in thickness.

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-You started out going

-from farm to farm cutting wood.

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-That's where I started.

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-I covered a huge area from Anglesey

-as far south as Llanddewi Brefi.

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-By now, you have a use

-for the waste too.

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-We do indeed.

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-Wyn bought the biomass boiler when

-he saw there was support for it.

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-It made complete sense.

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-We had a huge pile of offcuts.

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-It was worth running them

-through a chipper...

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-..and using them

-to keep the houses warm.

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-Is there too much for you

-and the family?

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-The boiler is more powerful

-than was required for our houses.

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-We keep timber dry in this shed.

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-I hope to have a kiln to dry wood...

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-..rather than use electricity

-to dry them.

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-Today is an opportunity to discuss

-upland farmers' hopes and fears.

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-Blaencwm

-is a great example of someone...

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-..who's looked for new ideas and

-new income streams going forward.

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-We're facing big challenges -

-leaving Europe and so on.

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-Here, someone's thought positively,

-had a go and succeeded...

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-..to secure future income...

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-..on an upland farm

-such as this one.

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-A day like this inspires people

-to think of new ideas.

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-The discussions we've had,

-bringing politicians in...

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-..and receiving positive comments

-from them, are great for the future.

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-We're here

-to open the children's eyes...

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-..to how farms can diversify

-so they can stay in the countryside.

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-How important are days like these?

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-What's worthwhile for me...

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-..is seeing the initiative

-of the people of this valley.

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-They've started a timber industry.

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-We've seen how they've developed,

-keeping cattle and so on.

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-Behind us, they've installed

-a satellite to receive broadband.

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-We don't have a signal in this area

-but they've found a way.

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-At the same time,

-it shows the challenges...

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-..faced by family businesses

-in areas such as this.

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-It's a lovely day.

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-With all the challenges

-facing agriculture...

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-..it's a chance to celebrate...

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-..but we must also ensure

-that we fight for our future.

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-What kind of day has it been?

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-What kind of day has it been?

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-A good one.

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-The weather has been favourable.

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-A good crowd's turned up.

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-I've enjoyed myself immensely.

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-Here in Ceirnioge Mawr, the rams

-are about to go under the hammer.

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-It's the end of Cyril Lewis'

-long stint as secretary of CAMDA.

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-CAMDA stands for Cymdeithas

-Amcanu Defaid Amgenach...

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-..the Society for Sheep Improvement.

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-We began in 1973-1974.

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-There was a big sheep conference

-in New Zealand.

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-A group of academics went out there.

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-When they came back,

-they decided to start a scheme...

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-..similar to one

-running in New Zealand.

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-ABRO was running Rhyd y Glafes farm.

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-Professor John King and Caradog

-Roberts were running ABRO then.

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-What was ABRO?

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-The Animal Breeding

-Research Organization...

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-..that was run from Edinburgh.

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-Everyone started off with ten sheep.

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-Some were good sheep,

-others were not so good.

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-Gwyn Williams

-from Bangor University...

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-..and Caradog Roberts from Edinburgh

-were behind the scheme.

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-It's gone well.

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-Around 1980-1981,

-ABRO sold all the farms...

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-..and we needed to find

-somewhere else to keep the sheep.

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-Dr Gwyn Williams was friendly

-with Captain Charles Wynne-Finch.

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-They came to an agreement

-over this vacant farm...

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-..and we brought the sheep here.

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-We've had some good lads working

-with us, looking after the stock.

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-Because everyone considered...

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-..that Welsh lambs

-weighed too little...

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-..our aim was to make the sheep

-larger and to improve their build.

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-We wanted them

-to produce more lambs...

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-..that were of a higher standard.

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-We came across a problem after

-working on this for some ten years.

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-The sheep had become quite large...

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-..and they didn't like

-going up on the mountain.

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-We had to change tack...

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-..and chose those

-with the best conformation...

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-..from those with the highest index.

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-That worked very well.

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-Has it been successful?

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-To be honest...

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-..when it comes to selling rams...

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-..the rams with the highest index

-are very rarely the top sellers.

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-With the recording

-and the breeding...

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-..we'd like a nice one if possible,

-but they are rare.

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-If you can get

-the two things together...

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-..you have something worthwhile.

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-You should write a book

-about all this, Cyril.

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-It's a long time.

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-I've been the secretary

-for 40 years.

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-I was only doing it temporarily

-when I started in 1976...

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-..just until they found

-someone else.

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-Let this be a lesson to anyone...

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-..who takes over

-a secretary's position temporarily.

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-Nobody else will step in

-to take your place!

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-One thing is certain.

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-It will be easier to sell the rams

-at Ceirnioge...

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-..than to sort out the problems

-created by the decision...

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-..to leave the EU.

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-We'll discuss it after the break.

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-See you in two minutes.

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-.

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-Subtitles

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-Subtitles

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-Welcome back to the final CAMDA sale

-at Ceirnioge Mawr, Pentrefoelas.

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-The ewes were sold

-around three weeks ago.

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-It's just the rams

-and ram lambs left.

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-There are two different

-kinds of buyers.

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-Welsh breeders come here

-looking for a ram...

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-..from its look, body and colour.

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-People looking for Welsh lambs

-to fatten come here too.

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-They want the index,

-the muscle fat and so on.

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-One of the rams

-went for 2,300 guineas.

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-That was a chap from Tal-y-bont.

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-He's been here buying

-since the very first sale.

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-He goes from the figures

-more than the animal type.

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-Rhodri Moelgolomen...

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-..you've come all the way

-from Ceredigion to Pentrefoelas.

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-What attracted you to the sale?

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-We've always come up to CAMDA.

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-We keep records at home as have

-CAMDA for the last 40 years.

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-We've done the same for 20 years.

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-There aren't many places in Wales...

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-..where you can buy Welsh Mountain

-sheep with these figures.

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-It's a sad day for us.

-We've bought two good rams here.

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-Next year,

-only three flocks in Wales...

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-..keep the type of Welsh Mountain

-sheep who record.

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-It's strange to think

-that this is ending.

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-Yes, it's very strange. It's very

-popular. I've been coming for years.

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-I'm sure you've bought

-now and again.

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-Yes, I've got one at home now.

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-Like every sale,

-people pick the same things.

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-Some go for 2,000

-some for 700-800...

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-..and some for as little as 100.

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-Is it interesting to you, being

-able to come and sell on a farm?

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-Yes, it's a big change.

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-Welsh Mountain sheep can be

-the hardest animals to sell.

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-We bought two last year.

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-I'm very pleased with them.

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-Did you look at figures

-when you were buying?

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-Not as much as others.

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-I wanted the type with a good head,

-body and the best conformation.

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-Given the fattened Welsh lamb

-market, it's been a very good sale.

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-The Prime Minister,

-Theresa May, has announced...

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-..the UK will begin the process

-of leaving the EU by March 2017.

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-That was the subject

-of the FUW's conference this year.

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-After a strong campaign

-to remain in the European Union...

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-The Farmers Union of Wales

-have gathered at Llanelwedd.

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-They want to discuss

-the possibilities...

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-..and opportunities

-for the industry.

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-I feel a responsibility now

-to make sure that it works.

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-I do feel we have a responsibility

-to lead and set a foundation.

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-One thing came out

-from Warwick Lightfoot this morning.

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-It was positive for me.

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-In his opinion, the traditional

-Welsh family farm...

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-..will be more certain

-of its future than big farms...

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-..where they get

-up to 800,000 in subsidies.

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-We'll have to look after

-the family farm.

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-The taxpayer will prefer

-seeing the money go to family farms.

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-It's important that the pot of money

-is spread to where it's needed.

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-I think that came out

-quite clearly this morning.

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-If we're going to get

-favourable trade deals...

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-..cheap food will come in

-from other countries too.

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-A spin has been put recently...

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-..on free trade

-with Australia and New Zealand.

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-As far as agriculture is concerned,

-that won't help at all.

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-It will hinder us.

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-Australia and New Zealand

-want to import to this country...

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-..exactly what we want to export

-from this country.

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-It doesn't make much sense.

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-Welsh farmers receive over 200

-million in European funds annually.

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-They also gain access

-to 500 million customers.

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-What challenges

-does the industry face?

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-I think the main political challenge

-we have...

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-..is that we're not sure

-who we'll be working with.

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-There's still a tension

-and uncertainty.

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-We're not sure who is going

-to fund agriculture.

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-We know the money comes

-from the Treasury.

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-We don't know

-what the route back to farmers is.

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-The last thing we want to see...

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-..is the money going

-through the Barnett Formula.

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-That will cut the money

-that comes to agriculture.

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-We also don't want it in a position

-where it can be moved...

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-..from one budget to another in

-Wales under political motivations.

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-We want something that guarantees

-money for agriculture.

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-Maybe we need a framework.

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-That is a huge political discussion.

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-We as the FUW have asked

-for a law to be drafted...

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-..that forces local authorities and

-the public sector to buy locally.

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-If we do that,

-it will transform the market.

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-It will guarantee the long term

-sustainability of the industry.

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-A wide range of speakers

-are discussing various topics...

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-..ranging from the economy

-to communities.

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-They include Aled Jones,

-the RWAS Assistant Chief Executive.

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-One of the things that struck me

-is that there will now be a focus...

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-..on ensuring trade deals

-with other countries outside Europe.

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-There are challenges there.

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-There are political battles

-we'll have to fight...

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-..to get these deals to work for us.

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-There's a role for us to play

-in this as a society.

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-I made a presentation following

-the Nuffield Scholarship.

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-I looked at wider roles.

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-The main purpose of that role

-has evolved...

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-..over our long history

-of promoting agriculture.

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-That was to produce more. We now

-promote agriculture to the public.

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-We need to get the customer...

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-..to support the produce

-we make in Wales.

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-There were many themes on the day.

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-One was the importance

-of the environment...

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-..as part of future subsidies.

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-The public image of the industry

-was important too.

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-How do farmers look to the future?

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-As a mountain farmer,

-subsidies are incredibly important.

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-It represents around three quarters

-of our income on mountain farms.

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-What we produce in Welsh lambs

-doesn't come to much money.

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-It hasn't done so for a few years.

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-Until we get the money we expect

-from the lambs that we produce...

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-..we can't do without them.

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-As we've heard today, we've

-got the produce and the country.

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-We need to use it and sell it here,

-not in foreign countries.

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-We need to start here.

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-The point I made was that

-while we are becoming...

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-..more and more regulated

-which adds cost to our product...

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-..in other parts of the world...

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-..other countries that are not

-as highly regulated as us...

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-..they carry on producing

-their products...

0:20:360:20:39

-..without the environmental

-standards...

0:20:390:20:42

-..without the animal welfare

-standards we have here in the UK.

0:20:420:20:46

-It enables them to import cheaper

-product here to us in the UK.

0:20:470:20:52

-As a farmer,

-I want a level playing field.

0:20:530:20:56

-There's a little worry

-but we need to be positive.

0:20:560:20:59

-We're leaving Europe.

0:21:000:21:02

-We need to work hard to market

-our produce to the outside market.

0:21:020:21:09

-I think it's important

-to be positive.

0:21:100:21:13

-There's always an upside

-to every challenge.

0:21:130:21:16

-Nothing comes easy.

0:21:160:21:18

-I think it's a good thing

-that this has happened.

0:21:180:21:21

-You'll get no fruit

-without shaking the tree.

0:21:210:21:25

-It's good to shake things up

-now and again.

0:21:250:21:28

-Next, the details

-of our annual competition.

0:21:340:21:37

-This year again,

-we've got three excellent prizes.

0:21:420:21:46

-They've all been donated

-by Ifor Williams Trailers.

0:21:470:21:51

-The first prize, the horsebox

-trailer, HB506 worth 4,180.

0:21:510:21:57

-The second prize

-is the P8G trailer worth 1,945.

0:21:590:22:05

-The third prize

-is the P7e trailer worth 950.

0:22:060:22:11

-To win one of them, you will have

-to answer five simple questions.

0:22:110:22:16

-They will be announced on Ffermio

-from next week onwards.

0:22:160:22:20

-The first letter of each answer will

-be an anagram of a five-letter word.

0:22:200:22:25

-You'll need to send us that word

-by 23 November.

0:22:250:22:32

-The details and rules of the

-competition are on our website.

0:22:320:22:36

-Don't forget to watch next week's

-programme for the first question.

0:22:360:22:40

-Good luck to you all.

0:22:410:22:42

-That's it for another week.

0:22:470:22:48

-The rams have all been sold

-and spread all across the country.

0:22:480:22:53

-They'll be breeding and keeping

-the CAMDA blood...

0:22:530:22:57

-..in the Welsh Mountain flock.

0:22:570:23:00

-That's it for now. From myself

-and the Ffermio team, goodbye.

0:23:000:23:05

-S4C Subtitles by Testun Cyf.

0:23:230:23:25

-.

0:23:250:23:25

Bydd Alun yn arwerthiant olaf y gymdeithas ddefaid CAMDA a byddwn yng nghanol trafodaethau Brexit Undeb Amaethwyr Cymru. Alun is in the CAMDA sheep sale and we join the FUW Brexit talks.


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