Ymweliad a dau frawd sydd newydd ddychwelyd i fyw ar fferm yn y Preseli wedi cyfnod yn byw yn y ddinas. Two brothers who have returned to live on a farm in Preseli, after living...
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-Hello and welcome to Ffermio.
-Meinir meets two brothers
-who have left the big city...
-..and returned to their home
-in the Preseli mountains.
-We'll also be considering the value
-of agriculture to local economies.
-But first, farmers these days
-have to be much more creative...
-..about using their
-farm's natural resources...
-..to bolster their profit margins.
-On Heartsease Farm, near Knighton...
-..the water that once quenched
-the thirst of beef cattle...
-..is drunk by people worldwide.
-Daloni has been
-to the source of the spring.
-13 years ago, the water
-from this bottle...
-..would have been drunk
-by cattle on this land.
-The cattle have all gone...
-..but they've been replaced
-by a factory employing 180 people.
-This was the vision
-of the late John Watkins...
-..who went in search of water
-for his cattle...
-..led to the foundation of the
-soft drinks company, Radnor Hills.
-The company now has an annual
-turnover of more than 26 million.
-Despite the success of the business,
-agriculture is still important here.
-There are 800 acres of arable land
-and there are also 1,200 mule sheep.
-Looking after this side of the
-venture is the farm manger...
-..Edward Jones, originally
-from Llangristiolus, Anglesey.
-I started at Harper Adams
-and got a placement here for a year.
-After finishing my year, I was
-offered work after Harper Adams.
-I went back to Harper for a year...
-..and came straight back here
-What are your responsibilities?
-What are your responsibilities?
-The sheep and the arable land.
-How does it work with the sheep?
-There are 1,200 Welsh mules.
-We try and cross with a Texel
-or Texel cross ram...
-..to get lambs that look good
-to go to the live market.
-We try and move the lambs on
-We try to do it before Christmas.
-When do you lamb?
-When do you lamb?
-All through March.
-Do you expect them
-to reach a certain weight?
-We're quite tough on the weight.
-We don't want anything
-under 42 kilos.
-This year, most of them
-have been 45 kilos on leaving.
-How many of you farm here?
-There are two full-time
-but we get a lot of help in.
-The old manager has been working
-here for 48 years.
-He's worked very hard here.
-He still helps us out
-about four days a week.
-The son of the late John Watkins,
-..is now the managing director
-of the drinks company.
-He employs Edward.
-The farming came first here.
-I arrived back in 1988
-from Newcastle University.
-I'd done Agriculture
-and Food Marketing there.
-My dad was farming here and I
-got involved in the business.
-About twelve months
-after I started farming...
-..I decided, and Dad did as well,
-we wanted to diversify the business.
-A few years before that, he'd put in
-a bore hole for the livestock.
-We thought, it was at that time...
-..when water was starting
-to suddenly appear everywhere.
-And we thought we'd have a go at it.
-It all happens here on the farm.
-It all happens here on the farm.
-Everything happens here.
-We make the bottles,
-we make the syrups.
-The entire product is made here.
-And you still farm here.
-And you still farm here.
-Very much so.
-It's a really important part of it.
-The soft drinks business is
-absolutely wedded to the farming.
-We farm it in a way that we
-don't jeopardise our water source.
-All kinds of crops are grown here
-on 800 acres.
-Wheat, oats, rapeseed and barley.
-That's the rotation we have.
-How does the balance work between
-the animals and the crops...
-..and what the water is used for?
-It works well with the crops.
-We mix all of our own feed.
-We feed the sheep all our own crops.
-We buy a little concentrate
-to go with it.
-We have to look after the land
-more than anything.
-It's all organic, the grass. The
-part where the water comes from.
-Edward spends most of his time
-with the sheep.
-He usually sells the lambs
-at the local market in Knighton.
-This market is on your doorstep,
-Yes, it's only about four miles
-from the farm. It's very handy.
-Do you only sell here?
-Do you only sell here?
-No, we take a few to Ludlow.
-How have your prices been?
-We've had 74 for the old sheep.
-We've had 76 for 46-kilo lambs.
-That's not bad.
-That's not bad.
-It's pretty good.
-Is it complicated
-being on the border?
-The single payment
-can be a bit difficult.
-It's a bit slow sometimes.
-We do straddle the border.
-So you have some land
-the other side of Offa's Dyke.
-Yes, land in both countries.
-It can be very complicated.
-I've heard it said,
-Welsh but from England. Weird.
-Yes, it is.
-A lot of farms
-are only just in England.
-They're Welsh Farm Assured
-so we call them Welsh from England!
-McCartneys are responsible
-for the market in Knighton.
-is one of their auctioneers.
-This market is right on the border,
-Yes, the town is on the border.
-Half of the farmers here are from
-Wales and the other half, England.
-There are Welsh rules and English
-rules and you can't mix them.
-TB, tags, movement and BPS.
-What about current prices?
-It's pretty good at the moment.
-It's better than last year.
-In the short term, Brexit is OK
-because of the exchange rate.
-In the long term, it's important to
-get a good trade deal with Europe.
-You clearly love your job, Katie.
-Yes, I love my work.
-If prices are alright,
-With an expected turnover
-of 28.5 million next year...
-..the Radnor Hills produce
-on Heartsease Farm...
-..has been a real success.
-The agricultural side
-is also succeeding.
-I want to make sure that we've got
-a well-balanced business...
-..and that everyone working here
-knows we're not subject...
-..to the whims of one supermarket
-buyer chucking us out.
-Having our own brand out there
-in the market...
-..competing and selling well
-is really important.
-It gives us all a sense of security.
-Everyone working in the business.
-I want a secure future
-for all of us.
-How do you see things going now?
-Well, we're continuing to grow.
-We need to get a bit more land.
-We may get someone else to help us
-with a few more sheep.
-Do you get the freedom
-to do as you will here?
-Yes, I have a certain amount of
-autonomy. I run it how I want to.
-I hope I do the job right
-and make some money for them.
-That is one venture...
-..where the farmer has responded
-to the requirements of the customer.
-Next, we visit the FUW's Open Day
-at Wolf's Castle.
-the farmer is the customer.
-Meurig Harries and his family
-live at Eithin Man farm...
-..where he keeps 100 dairy cattle
-and 150 young stock on 200 acres.
-They've invited local businesses
-to the farm today...
-..to highlight the relationship...
-and rural businesses.
-When a farmer has some money
-in the bank...
-..the first thing he does is
-buy a new pick-up or a tractor.
-It takes quite a lot to run a farm.
-The farm itself has a turnover
-of about 350,000.
-About 110,000 of that goes towards
-sustaining the dairy side.
-There are a lot of costs.
-If we don't get a fair price
-for our products...
-..we can't produce anything.
-It's very important
-to local businesses...
-..that we're able to support them.
-They have come here today to
-support us, so it works both ways.
-Two years ago, the price of milk...
-..was up at almost 30p a litre.
-This year, it's been as low as 13p.
-That's quite a big difference.
-Two years ago, we changed
-our hedge cutter and mower.
-We bought some 40,000-worth
-We only did it because we had it
-and we needed to revamp everything.
-This year, we've tightened our belt
-and haven't spent anything.
-We may have changed the wheelbarrow.
-Other than that,
-we haven't spent much.
-According to the FUW...
-..for every 1 produced on the farm,
-6 is spent in the local economy.
-Why is it so important for them
-to hold a day like this one?
-The purpose is to show the public...
-..how important agriculture is
-to our country...
-..and how important it is
-to the countryside...
-..and also how important agriculture
-is to local businesses and jobs.
-So many people rely on our industry
-in rural areas.
-If there's some disaster...
-..or we don't get the price
-we should for our produce...
-..then there's a knock-on effect
-on the industry.
-Not only jobs,
-but the local community structure...
-Young Farmers Clubs.
-That's all essential and relies
-on agriculture in rural areas.
-If there isn't a profit in farming,
-all of that is under threat.
-There are a variety of businesses
-From feed suppliers
-to machinery salesmen...
-..and those who care for
-What do they think of the event?
-It's raising awareness of the
-current situation in the industry.
-We're in a pretty big pickle
-We're a farming co-operative.
-We rely on farmers
-as much as farmers rely on us.
-More than that, we employ people
-within our business...
-..from a farming background.
-It's very important that we ensure
-local jobs for those people.
-We are Meurig's vet here.
-95% of our work is dairy farming.
-Without farmers, dairy farmers,
-we haven't got a business.
-If you speak with people in the
-business, we have the same problems.
-Things have slowed down a little.
-I think we're facing a hard winter.
-It's important for us
-that people see...
-..how hard it's been
-over the last two years...
-..in the area we sell in to.
-Once farmers get a few pennies,
-they tend to reinvest them.
-The drop in the last two years
-has been dramatic.
-It's nice to come out today
-and speak to people...
-..and say that something has
-to be done to help farmers out...
-..to keep them going as they did
-before everything fell back.
-A lot of the small companies
-who came today are one-man bands.
-The time is precious for them.
-They've taken time off
-from their work.
-A lot will have to work late tonight
-to catch up with their work.
-I'm quite glad
-that they turned up today.
-That's it for this part.
-It's time for a break now.
-Join us after the break to hear
-our first competition question.
-Meinir also visits two brothers
-who returned to their home county.
-Meinir has been to the area
-that was home to Waldo Williams.
-She's met two brothers who, after
-glittering big city careers...
-to their home county.
-There is a tendency these days to
-long for a better quality of life...
-..by moving from the city
-to the country.
-That is exactly
-what Arwyn and Meirion Rees...
-near Eglwyswrw have done.
-They've turned their backs
-on the city...
-to the beauty of Pembrokeshire.
-Meirion is the younger brother
-who trained as a civil engineer.
-He worked in the middle of Cardiff.
-He has now returned to
-the family farm in Pontyglasier...
-..with his wife Catrin
-and their children, Lili and Tomi.
-Along with his father, Meirion keeps
-over 2,000 Welsh Mountain sheep.
-They graze mostly
-on the Preseli mountains.
-I wanted the Cardiff life
-as a young man.
-I wanted to see the city
-and enjoy myself somewhat.
-always been in the blood?
-I've had an interest in the farm
-and the sheep since I was young.
-When I went away for ten years,
-I wasn't sure if I would return.
-If you leave a farm,
-you lose the connection.
-Sheep have always been
-a passion of mine.
-How has the farm benefited
-from your experience in the city?
-One of the things
-I learned in the city...
-..was the importance
-of keeping records...
-your strengths and weaknesses.
-The first year, I recorded
-everything about the sheep...
-..how many scanned -
-the key statistics if you like.
-I've always got a benchmark
-which shows how Dad farmed.
-Whatever we change in future,
-we can always compare to that year.
-I've tried to improve the land
-and the flock slowly.
-We've got a better performance
-while keeping the costs down.
-We keep Welsh Mountain sheep.
-Our system keeps costs down.
-What we get out of the sheep
-is quite low too.
-That's the balance really.
-to keep the costs down.
-While we farm
-on the Preseli mountains...
-..we won't get many lambs,
-..or a lot of money from the sheep.
-The only way to do it
-is to keep the costs down...
-..and get one lamb
-out of each sheep.
-Since returning, has it been
-difficult to work with your father?
-No, not at all. It's been very easy.
-Dad has let me get on with the sheep
-and do what I want to.
-He's had his chance and he's had
-enough of working with the sheep.
-It's a young man's game.
-I'm very lucky.
-After graduating from Cardiff
-University in Law and Japanese...
-..the older brother, Arwyn...
-..moved to London
-to start a career as a solicitor.
-After a period of working in the
-city, he decided to return home...
-..along with his wife, Michelle,
-..and their children, Manon and Nia.
-He still works as a solicitor...
-..but has also started a cottage
-business at home on the farm.
-The project has taken
-quite a bit of time up to now.
-I enjoy designing them and
-putting that design into practice.
-We have Storws and Cartws
-and the next one is the stable.
-It was an old farm.
-It was empty for over 40 years.
-I had a dream of doing it up one day
-and coming to live here.
-That dream has now been realised.
-How hard is it to run a business
-in the countryside?
-We've been very lucky. We've got
-a space that attracts people.
-It's in a good place
-with a view of the mountains.
-Visitors are happy when they come
-here. We get very good feedback.
-We've found it's been easier
-than we'd imagined, really.
-It's a real family enterprise.
-Michelle, my wife, runs the
-cottages. She does the bookings.
-She greets the guests.
-I try to keep the grass down!
-This work is totally different
-to what you do as a solicitor.
-Yes. It's nice to have a balance
-between this work and the office.
-That's only ten minutes away in
-Cardigan with Morgan & Richardson.
-The balance is nice.
-Over the years, Meurig and Val
-sustained the farm...
-..to give their sons
-the best possible chance.
-that they've both come home.
-We're all here together and can help
-each other as we want.
-Arwyn has his own business.
-Meirion is on the farm.
-Everyone's very happy
-at the moment.
-You must be glad
-to have some help on the farm.
-Yes, I'm very happy!
-If Meirion hadn't returned home...
-..I would have had to sell the sheep
-and the farm.
-I'm very glad
-that Meirion came home to take over.
-He has taken over.
-To be honest, I didn't think
-I'd live to see the day...
-..they'd both decide
-to leave their jobs.
-They've both travelled the world.
-They've seen for themselves
-that there's nowhere like home.
-It wasn't just their choice.
-They brought two wives home
-We've now got four grandchildren.
-You could say
-that my dreams had come true.
-You certainly seem
-very proud of them.
-I really am.
-I would say that it's important
-when you're young...
-..to leave home, live another life
-and see how other people do things.
-You need to go around the world
-and work for a company...
-..to see how the world works.
-You return home as a better person
-when you do come back.
-Do you agree with that?
-Yes, once you've been away, you
-appreciate how you were raised...
-..and want your children
-to be raised in the same way.
-It's an eye-opener.
-From what I've seen today,
-you're all very close.
-We live close by.
-Mam and Dad are there, Arwyn is here
-and I'm two fields over.
-It's hard to believe that
-we live so close to each other...
-..after moving away.
-You must be glad of the support
-you've had from your parents.
-Absolutely. We appreciate the chance
-they've given us.
-I've been able to live here
-and run the cottages.
-Meirion's had the chance
-to run the farm.
-Without their years of hard work,
-we'd never have had that chance.
-Next, here are the details
-of our competition.
-Once again this year,
-we have three excellent prizes.
-They've all been donated
-by Ifor Williams Trailers.
-The first prize
-is the HB506 horsebox trailer...
-..worth 4,180 + VAT.
-The second prize is the P8G trailer
-worth 1,945 + VAT.
-The third prize
-is the P7e trailer worth 950 + VAT.
-To win one of them, you will have
-to answer five simple questions.
-The first letter of each answer will
-be an anagram of a five-letter word.
-You'll need to send us that word
-by 23 November.
-Here is the first question.
-Heart, lung and kidney.
-What are they?
-The details and rules of the
-competition are on our website.
-Don't forget to watch next week's
-programme for the next question.
-That's it for another week.
-Looking to the future, we'll have
-to live more on the market.
-The market has no conscience.
-That belongs to people and society.
-I'll leave you with the final words
-of Preseli by Waldo Williams.
-"To the wall! We must keep our well
-clear of this beast's dirt."
-We'll see you next week.
-S4C Subtitles by Testun Cyf.
Ymweliad a dau frawd sydd newydd ddychwelyd i fyw ar fferm yn y Preseli wedi cyfnod yn byw yn y ddinas. Two brothers who have returned to live on a farm in Preseli, after living in the city.