Rhaglen 5 Perthyn.


Rhaglen 5

Similar Content

Browse content similar to Rhaglen 5. Check below for episodes and series from the same categories and more!

Transcript


LineFromTo

-888

0:00:000:00:00

-888

-

-888

0:00:000:00:00

-Tracing the family tree

-is an obsession for Welsh people.

0:00:000:00:04

-We like to ask where do you come

-from and to whom are you related.

0:00:050:00:09

-Here at the National Library

-in Aberystwyth...

0:00:090:00:12

-..our experts have been

-investigating your stories.

0:00:130:00:16

-They've found a few colourful

-characters. Welcome to Perthyn.

0:00:160:00:20

-888

0:00:200:00:22

-888

0:00:270:00:29

-888

0:00:340:00:36

-The library is a treasure trove

-of information...

0:00:440:00:47

-..detailing every aspect

-of our history.

0:00:470:00:50

-Perthyn's team of experts

-is on hand to guide us.

0:00:500:00:54

-The hard work begins here.

0:00:540:00:57

-A few months ago we asked you

-to send us your family stories.

0:01:040:01:08

-They've been pouring in

-from every corner of Wales.

0:01:080:01:12

-All families

-have intriguing tales to tell.

0:01:170:01:21

-The Perthyn team is here

-to unlock the secrets of the past.

0:01:210:01:25

-This week's story takes me to

-St Cenydd School in Caerphilly...

0:01:280:01:33

-..to meet teacher, Sam Jarrett.

0:01:330:01:35

-Brush your teeth.

0:01:360:01:37

-Brush your teeth.

-

-Brush your teeth.

0:01:370:01:38

-Brush, brush, brush.

0:01:390:01:40

-Brush, brush, brush.

-

-Brush, brush your teeth.

0:01:400:01:43

-Leaving the house.

0:01:430:01:45

-Sam has taught Welsh

-as a second language for 18 years.

0:01:460:01:49

-I was born near Wolverhampton.

0:01:550:01:58

-My father found work

-in South Wales...

0:01:580:02:00

-..and we moved here

-when I was two years old.

0:02:000:02:03

-One starts with M.

0:02:030:02:04

-"Mynd i gysgu."

0:02:050:02:06

-"Mynd i gysgu."

-

-Are you sure?

0:02:060:02:07

-No. "Mynd i'r gwely."

0:02:070:02:08

-No. "Mynd i'r gwely."

-

-Well done.

0:02:080:02:09

-Perfect. Well done.

0:02:100:02:13

-Growing up,

-all my relatives lived in England.

0:02:130:02:16

-English was the dominant language

-because we were English.

0:02:170:02:21

-But I always enjoyed

-studying Welsh at school.

0:02:210:02:25

-I felt drawn to it.

0:02:250:02:28

-I studied Welsh as a second language

-and took it for A Level.

0:02:290:02:33

-I was the only one taking it

-for A Level...

0:02:330:02:36

-..and I was the one

-who came from England!

0:02:360:02:39

-I then decided to do a Welsh degree,

-followed by teacher training.

0:02:390:02:43

-Although I'm qualified to teach

-first-language Welsh...

0:02:440:02:48

-..I wanted to teach it

-as a second language.

0:02:480:02:51

-I've been here for 18 years...

0:02:510:02:54

-..and I'm enjoying

-every moment of it.

0:02:540:02:57

-So, Sherlock Holmes, what have you

-discovered in your research?

0:02:570:03:01

-I have an old family photograph

-of my great-great-grandfather...

0:03:020:03:06

-..John Owen Jarrett and his family

-who lived in Birmingham.

0:03:070:03:11

-Although Jarrett is an English name,

-there are several in Merionethshire.

0:03:110:03:17

-I'd like to know if they're related

-to my family of Jarretts.

0:03:170:03:22

-I'd be thrilled to find a connection

-with Merionethshire and Wales.

0:03:260:03:31

-To find out if she's related

-to the Jarretts of Merionethshire...

0:03:380:03:42

-..she must first visit

-Perthyn's experts at the library.

0:03:430:03:46

-Jason Evans has begun researching

-Sam's family tree.

0:03:470:03:50

-By tracing the surname, Jarrett...

0:03:550:03:58

-..we can go as far back

-as the late 18th century.

0:03:580:04:02

-The family hailed from Trawsfynydd.

0:04:020:04:05

-There was a long line of Jarretts...

0:04:060:04:09

-..in Trawsfynydd.

0:04:100:04:11

-They were

-a relatively prosperous family.

0:04:120:04:15

-Here is a record...

0:04:150:04:17

-..of a family wedding...

0:04:190:04:21

-..that took place in 1772...

0:04:220:04:25

-..at Trawsfynydd church.

0:04:250:04:28

-Richard Jarrett

-married Eleanor Morris.

0:04:280:04:32

-Very interesting.

0:04:320:04:34

-There are earlier examples

-of the name Jarrett in Trawsfynydd.

0:04:360:04:40

-I have them here.

0:04:410:04:43

-We're looking again at the parish

-records of Trawsfynydd.

0:04:430:04:48

-In 1746, you can see...

0:04:500:04:54

-..there's a record of

-Jaret Richard's son's christening.

0:04:540:05:00

-There are several references

-to Jaret Richard...

0:05:000:05:04

-..which leads us to believe

-he was the first Jarrett...

0:05:040:05:08

-..in Trawsfynydd.

0:05:090:05:11

-He was the father

-of all the Jarretts in that area.

0:05:110:05:14

-His children

-kept the name Jarrett as a surname.

0:05:140:05:18

-So that's the beginning

-of the Jarrett line.

0:05:180:05:21

-That's good.

-It's what I wanted to find out.

0:05:220:05:25

-I'm so glad

-there's Welsh blood in the family.

0:05:250:05:28

-That's great.

0:05:290:05:30

-Perthyn has confirmed

-that Sam Jarrett has Welsh roots...

0:05:320:05:36

-..dating back to 1720,

-to Jaret Richard in Trawsfynydd.

0:05:360:05:40

-His son, Richard Jarrett,

-of Glanllafar Farm...

0:05:410:05:44

-..was the first

-to use Jarrett as a surname.

0:05:440:05:47

-A surname he passed on to his sons,

-Jarrett Jarrett and Richard Jarrett.

0:05:480:05:53

-Here we have the will...

0:05:590:06:03

-..of Gwen Jarrett.

0:06:030:06:05

-She was the sister

-of the first Richard Jarrett...

0:06:050:06:09

-..in Trawsfynydd.

0:06:090:06:11

-This is a very long

-and complicated will.

0:06:110:06:15

-There are a few items of interest.

0:06:150:06:18

-"I bequeath unto the said

-Jarrett Jarrett...

0:06:190:06:23

-"..the sum of five hundred pounds."

0:06:230:06:26

-In today's money,

-that would equate to around 20,000.

0:06:260:06:30

-So what did Jarrett Jarrett do

-with all that money?

0:06:300:06:35

-He was very industrious.

0:06:350:06:37

-The first thing he did

-was buy a large house...

0:06:370:06:40

-..in the heart of Trawsfynydd

-and turned it into a pharmacy.

0:06:400:06:45

-He then bought shops...

0:06:460:06:47

-..in Machynlleth, Dolgellau,

-Llangadfan and all over the area.

0:06:470:06:53

-If we consult the 1851 census...

0:06:540:06:57

-..we notice that Glasfryn House

-in the heart of the village...

0:07:000:07:05

-..was the home of Jarrett Jarrett.

0:07:050:07:07

-He's noted as being a merchant

-and farmer...

0:07:080:07:11

-..a landowner of 700 acres.

0:07:110:07:14

-This was

-an affluent and prosperous family.

0:07:140:07:17

-Right.

-So, to which one am I related?

0:07:180:07:20

-Unfortunately, to Richard

-rather than Jarrett...

0:07:210:07:25

-..who had all the wealth.

0:07:250:07:27

-From Glasfryn House, Trawsfynydd...

0:07:330:07:36

-..Jarrett Jarrett

-ran a successful family business.

0:07:360:07:40

-As the owner, he employed brother

-Richard in the shop and pharmacy.

0:07:400:07:45

-Sam is on her way to Trawsfynydd

-to find out more.

0:07:480:07:51

-I've found the grave of Richard

-Jarrett from Glanllafar Farm.

0:08:150:08:19

-He was the first of the family

-to use the name Jarrett...

0:08:200:08:23

-..as a surname.

0:08:240:08:26

-He's my great-great-great-

-great-great-grandfather.

0:08:260:08:31

-I'm very pleased

-to have found his grave.

0:08:310:08:35

-Having been raised on a farm...

0:08:380:08:40

-..Richard Jarrett's sons went on

-to establish a chain of shops...

0:08:410:08:46

-..and pharmacies in the area.

0:08:460:08:48

-Glasfryn was the main business...

0:08:480:08:51

-..providing a valuable service

-to the community.

0:08:510:08:55

-At the beginning

-of the 19th century...

0:08:550:08:57

-..pharmacology was an art,

-rather than a science...

0:08:580:09:01

-..which was passed down

-from generation to generation.

0:09:010:09:05

-The pharmacist would treat

-all manner of ailments...

0:09:050:09:09

-..from farming injuries

-to fatal diseases...

0:09:090:09:12

-..with drugs such as mercury,

-opium and traditional remedies.

0:09:130:09:17

-The Jarretts were well respected.

0:09:180:09:20

-Descendants remained at Glasfryn

-until the 1950s.

0:09:210:09:24

-Sam is on her way

-to meet John Isgoed Williams...

0:09:260:09:30

-..who remembers the last Jarretts

-to live at Glasfryn.

0:09:300:09:34

-The Jarrett family go back

-a long way in Trawsfynydd's history.

0:09:360:09:42

-The Jarretts were regarded

-as Trawsfynydd's entrepreneurs...

0:09:440:09:49

-..to use today's terminology.

0:09:490:09:52

-But my childhood memory

-of Glasfryn...

0:09:530:09:57

-..the house

-where the most influential...

0:09:570:10:02

-..and professional members

-of the family lived...

0:10:020:10:07

-..is of a chemist's shop,

-run by Mr Jarrett himself.

0:10:080:10:11

-The left-hand side of the shop...

0:10:120:10:16

-..served as Trawsfynydd's

-post office.

0:10:160:10:20

-So the shop was at the heart

-of community life back then, was it?

0:10:200:10:24

-Very much so.

0:10:250:10:26

-People say that Glasfryn

-even operated as a bank...

0:10:260:10:31

-..before what we used to call

-back then...

0:10:310:10:35

-..before it was taken over

-by Hong Kong and Shanghai...

0:10:350:10:39

-..Glasfryn was somewhere where money

-was exchanged in those days.

0:10:390:10:45

-The family was also involved

-in social initiatives locally.

0:10:450:10:50

-A few family members are named...

0:10:500:10:52

-..in the village

-historical records...

0:10:530:10:56

-..in the 1823 booklet,

-Cymdeithas Gyfeillgar Trawsfynydd.

0:10:560:11:01

-Each member had a duty...

0:11:010:11:03

-..to seek out those

-who were in poor health...

0:11:030:11:08

-..and who were in need.

0:11:080:11:10

-Initiatives such as this...

0:11:100:11:13

-..operated successfully

-in Trawsfynydd for many years.

0:11:130:11:17

-It's always been

-a supportive community.

0:11:170:11:20

-So this would have happened

-long before the welfare state.

0:11:200:11:24

-Oh, yes.

0:11:240:11:26

-It's been lovely

-talking to you today...

0:11:290:11:31

-..and hearing about the Jarretts

-and their contribution...

0:11:320:11:36

-..to life in Trawsfynydd.

0:11:360:11:38

-As someone who's learned Welsh,

-it's nice knowing...

0:11:390:11:42

-..that some of my family

-were true Welshmen...

0:11:420:11:46

-..and came from

-a Welsh-language stronghold.

0:11:460:11:50

-For me, that's very precious.

0:11:500:11:53

-You can take comfort in the fact...

0:11:530:11:57

-..that you're from the same family.

0:11:570:12:00

-There's an old saying...

0:12:010:12:03

-..that is attributed

-to Gwallter Mechain, who said...

0:12:030:12:07

-.."If the Welsh language

-should die...

0:12:070:12:10

-"..Trawsfynydd

-will be the last place...

0:12:100:12:13

-"..where the language

-will be spoken."

0:12:130:12:17

-The Welsh language is ingrained

-in the native population of today...

0:12:190:12:25

-..to the extent it was

-in the old days.

0:12:250:12:28

-It's a privilege that your family...

0:12:280:12:31

-..hailed from such a wonderful place

-as Trawsfynydd.

0:12:310:12:35

-Yes, indeed.

0:12:350:12:36

-Yes, indeed.

-

-God bless you.

0:12:360:12:38

-Thank you very much.

0:12:380:12:40

-My family has lived in England

-for generations and spoken English.

0:12:450:12:50

-It's been wonderful to find out...

0:12:500:12:53

-..that I'm a descendant

-of a long line of Welsh people.

0:12:530:12:57

-You couldn't find a more Welsh place

-than Trawsfynydd.

0:12:570:13:01

-But the question

-I want answered is...

0:13:010:13:05

-..why did my ancestors

-move away to England...

0:13:050:13:08

-..and lose the Welsh language?

0:13:090:13:11

-.

0:13:170:13:18

-888

0:13:200:13:20

-888

-

-888

0:13:200:13:22

-Sam Jarrett was born

-in the Midlands...

0:13:270:13:29

-..before moving to South Wales

-as a child.

0:13:300:13:33

-We've traced her Welsh roots...

0:13:330:13:36

-..over eight generations

-to the Jarretts of Trawsfynydd.

0:13:360:13:41

-Jarrett Jarrett and brother Richard

-Jarrett were successful businessmen.

0:13:410:13:47

-But how did Sam's branch

-come to live in Birmingham?

0:13:470:13:50

-Perthyn has found that Richard was

-the first to move from Trawsfynydd.

0:13:510:13:55

-Jaret Richard Jarrett, the father of

-Sam's great-great-grandfather...

0:13:560:14:01

-..went to Llangadfan in Powys...

0:14:010:14:04

-..and married into the Owen family

-of the Cann Office Hotel.

0:14:050:14:08

-But more information

-has come to light.

0:14:090:14:11

-Right.

0:14:160:14:17

-What we have here

-is the census of 1851.

0:14:190:14:24

-Jaret Richard Jarrett's family

-lived in a shop in Llangadfan.

0:14:240:14:30

-He and his wife, Jane,

-had three children.

0:14:300:14:33

-Four-year-old RO Jarrett,

-two-year-old Mary...

0:14:330:14:37

-..and seven-month-old Thomas.

0:14:370:14:40

-My great-great-grandfather

-hadn't yet been born.

0:14:400:14:43

-The 1861 census

-is the next document.

0:14:460:14:51

-It shows that John Owen Jarrett...

0:14:530:14:55

-..lived with his uncle,

-Richard Owen...

0:14:560:14:58

-..and two aunts at the Cann Office.

0:14:580:15:01

-It's strange that

-they didn't live with their parents.

0:15:050:15:08

-I wonder where they were

-at the time of the 1861 census?

0:15:090:15:12

-John Owen Jarrett

-was brought up by Richard Owen...

0:15:120:15:17

-..his mother's brother,

-at the Cann Office Hotel.

0:15:170:15:22

-Sam's great-great-grandfather was

-born in Llangadfan, not Birmingham.

0:15:220:15:28

-To discover more about him

-and the Cann Office...

0:15:280:15:31

-..Sam meets local historian,

-Alwyn Hughes.

0:15:310:15:35

-The Cann Office

-was more than just a hotel.

0:15:360:15:39

-It was a cultural centre.

0:15:390:15:41

-There are records of eisteddfodau

-being held here.

0:15:410:15:45

-Most land in the area

-was part of the estates...

0:15:450:15:49

-..of the Earl of Powys,

-Castell Coch, Welshpool.

0:15:490:15:52

-Tenant farmers came here

-to pay rent.

0:15:520:15:55

-The mail coach would pass by

-on the turnpike road...

0:15:550:15:59

-..on its way

-to Machynlleth and Aberystwyth.

0:15:590:16:02

-They would change horses here.

0:16:030:16:05

-The local women

-would come to sell stockings.

0:16:050:16:09

-I hope they hadn't been worn!

0:16:090:16:13

-Or had holes in them!

0:16:130:16:15

-What can you tell me about my

-family's history at the Cann Office?

0:16:160:16:20

-One man in particular stands out -

-Richard Owen.

0:16:200:16:25

-We understand that his sister...

0:16:250:16:28

-..had married

-into the Jarrett family.

0:16:290:16:31

-There are numerous references

-to Richard Owen.

0:16:320:16:36

-This is a photograph of him...

0:16:360:16:38

-..standing outside the Cann Office.

0:16:380:16:41

-He was a very tall and muscular man.

0:16:420:16:44

-He was very talented and was

-renowned for his farming skill.

0:16:450:16:49

-This is a description of him

-by his friend.

0:16:490:16:52

-"He and his two sisters were the

-most welcoming people in Llangadfan.

0:16:530:16:58

-"They helped the old and the needy.

0:16:580:17:01

-"Volumes could be written

-about their generosity.

0:17:010:17:05

-"He was a strong and sturdy man

-who was handy with his fists.

0:17:050:17:09

-"His big, long nose

-was his only drawback.

0:17:090:17:12

-"Usually, it was his nose...

0:17:130:17:15

-"..which showed the obvious effects

-of a fight.

0:17:150:17:19

-"I've been cursed again

-by this big nose," he'd say.

0:17:190:17:22

-"It gets in the way."

0:17:230:17:24

-Something like this is nice.

0:17:250:17:27

-It's almost like meeting someone

-who knew him.

0:17:270:17:30

-The description of his nose and the

-fact he was handy with his fists...

0:17:300:17:34

-You'll certainly remember that.

0:17:350:17:37

-But why did Richard Owen

-raise Sam's great-great-grandfather?

0:17:400:17:45

-Where were his parents?

0:17:450:17:47

-Perthyn has retrieved

-his mother's death certificate.

0:17:540:17:57

-In 1857, Jane Owen Jarrett...

0:17:580:18:00

-..the sister of Richard Owen,

-Cann Office...

0:18:000:18:04

-..died at the age of 32 from TB.

0:18:040:18:06

-Two years later, her husband died

-of the same disease.

0:18:080:18:12

-It's sad to think that by 1861,

-these four children...

0:18:130:18:17

-..were orphaned...

0:18:180:18:19

-..and separated.

0:18:200:18:22

-I realize

-that it happened 150 years ago...

0:18:220:18:25

-..but I can still feel for them...

0:18:250:18:29

-..and imagine how awful

-it must have been for the family.

0:18:290:18:33

-Following their parents' deaths...

0:18:360:18:38

-..John Owen Jarrett

-was raised in the Cann Office.

0:18:380:18:42

-Perthyn is trying to establish...

0:18:420:18:44

-..why Sam's great-great-grandfather

-left Wales for Birmingham.

0:18:450:18:49

-This is very interesting.

0:18:490:18:52

-What we have here

-is the census from 1871.

0:18:520:18:56

-John Owen Jarrett had left

-the Cann Office in Llangadfan.

0:18:560:19:01

-At the age of 16 years,

-he was an apprentice in Oswestry.

0:19:010:19:05

-This is when Sam's family

-left Wales for England.

0:19:080:19:13

-A decade later...

0:19:130:19:15

-..in 1881...

0:19:160:19:18

-..John Owen Jarrett...

0:19:180:19:20

-..was working as an ironmonger

-in Battersea, London.

0:19:200:19:25

-So he's travelled some distance

-from Llangadfan.

0:19:260:19:30

-But we haven't yet reached

-Birmingham...

0:19:300:19:33

-..so I have to do further research.

0:19:330:19:35

-While Jason continues searching,

-Perthyn has a surprise for Sam.

0:19:380:19:44

-They've found the Welsh branch

-of the Jarrett family...

0:19:440:19:48

-..descendants of the Jarretts

-of Glasfryn, in Trawsfynydd.

0:19:480:19:53

-This is the first time

-for her to meet them.

0:19:530:19:56

-Hello, how are you? Welcome.

0:20:020:20:04

-Thank you.

0:20:040:20:06

-I'm sorry about the weather.

-Come inside.

0:20:060:20:09

-I'm very pleased to meet you.

0:20:090:20:12

-We're through here.

0:20:120:20:14

-This is the family.

0:20:140:20:16

-Let me introduce my brother, Glyn.

0:20:170:20:20

-Hello, how are you?

0:20:200:20:22

-David and Glyn

-asked where in the south I was from.

0:20:220:20:26

-They had also been tracing

-the Jarrett family tree.

0:20:260:20:30

-So there are

-one, two, three, four...

0:20:310:20:34

-..five, six, seven children,

-if I'm correct.

0:20:340:20:37

-Our relative

-and the brother of your relative...

0:20:370:20:41

-..was Jarrett Jarrett, Glasfryn.

0:20:420:20:45

-It was difficult

-working out who's who.

0:20:450:20:48

-The Jaret Richard Jarrett

-who was noted in the census...

0:20:480:20:54

-..wasn't the right one

-on account of his age.

0:20:540:20:57

-Now I realize that I'd been looking

-at the wrong Jarrett Jarrett.

0:20:570:21:02

-What do you know about

-Jarrett Jarrett's son, Richard?

0:21:020:21:06

-He married Jane Owen

-from the Cann Office in Llangadfan.

0:21:060:21:11

-He married into the Owen family.

0:21:120:21:14

-It was nice meeting David, Glyn

-and their families.

0:21:140:21:18

-I'm so pleased to have met

-the other branch of the family.

0:21:180:21:23

-We've shared information.

0:21:230:21:25

-Now that a connection has been made,

-I hope it will continue...

0:21:250:21:30

-..so that we can exchange

-information as we find out more.

0:21:300:21:35

-It's nice to know there are Jarretts

-still living in Trawsfynydd.

0:21:350:21:39

-Keith Jarrett.

0:21:390:21:41

-Keith Jarrett.

-

-People always ask if we're related.

0:21:410:21:43

-I'd like to think we are. I'd be

-thrilled. He'd be our Uncle Keith.

0:21:430:21:48

-Although we share

-a passion for rugby...

0:21:510:21:54

-..our backgrounds

-are completely different.

0:21:540:21:57

-When Glyn asked me why my branch

-had moved to Birmingham...

0:21:570:22:01

-..I couldn't answer him.

0:22:010:22:03

-But Jason has found the answer.

0:22:140:22:16

-John Owen Jarrett,

-my great-great-grandfather...

0:22:160:22:20

-..who was brought up

-in the Cann Office...

0:22:200:22:23

-..was the first to leave Wales.

0:22:230:22:26

-He went to work in Oswestry and then

-to Battersea as an ironmonger.

0:22:260:22:31

-By the time of the 1891 census...

0:22:310:22:33

-..he had moved to Birmingham.

0:22:340:22:36

-Jason thought

-it was natural for a businessman...

0:22:360:22:39

-..to be drawn to a large city

-during the industrial revolution.

0:22:390:22:44

-It sounds likely.

0:22:440:22:46

-So we've finally found the answer.

0:22:480:22:51

-John Owen Jarrett,

-my great-great-grandfather...

0:22:510:22:55

-..was the first to leave Wales.

0:22:550:22:57

-It changed the course

-of my family's history.

0:22:570:23:00

-I regarded myself

-as an English person.

0:23:040:23:07

-Although the English side

-is an important part of my legacy...

0:23:070:23:11

-..I can say, with pride, that

-Welsh blood runs through my veins.

0:23:120:23:16

-To think that I learned Welsh,

-totally unaware of my background...

0:23:170:23:22

-..I feel that I've come full circle.

0:23:220:23:25

-S4C Subtitles by Adnod Cyf.

0:23:460:23:49

-.

0:23:490:23:50

Taith y ddysgwraig Sam Jarrett sy'n awyddus i ddarganfod a oes ganddi wreiddiau Cymraeg. Perthyn follows Welsh learner Sam Jarrett who is keen to find out whether she has any Welsh roots.


Download Subtitles

SRT

ASS