Episode 3 Hampton Court Palace Flower Show


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Episode 3

Monty Don, Joe Swift, Rachel de Thame and Alys Fowler continue their tour of the RHS Hampton Court Palace Flower Show. Tom Hart Dyke reveals his national collection of eucalyptus.


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Welcome to the 750 acres of glorious Deerpark Road which are

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the setting for this year's RHS Hampton Court Palace Flower Show.

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Behind me, the perfect formal gardens at Hampton Court Palace

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itself. There are 60 acres of gardens that have endured over 480

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years and there are currently home to about 8000 trees and one hand

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and 40,000 other plants. The show is only on for seven days but in

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that time, visitors can see hundreds of thousands of plants,

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displayed at the peak of perfection. Up to 38 gardeners tended gardens

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and 95% of the waste is recycled. There are 229 exhibitors and the

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RHS has promised to recite a 96% of the green waste. Tonight we can

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promise you a full 60 minutes pact of the very best the show has to

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offer. Coming up: Chris Beardshaw tells us why his show garden, the

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Stockman's Retreat is helping create a new generation of

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passionate Landseer's. We have had our ups and downs, moments when we

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have looked at the enormity of the task and we have been like a rabbit

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in headlights but that is the point of the training programme. Meeting

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the nursery applying the Japanese art of bonsai to our own native

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trees. There is something about a bonsai that gives you such a reward

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in satisfaction. It is a bit like a Rembrandt, it is an art. And the

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modern day plant hunter, Tom Hart Dyke, shares his national

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collection of eucalyptus. When you see it is going white, to green, to

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Hello and welcome to the 2011 RHS Hampton Court Palace Flower Show.

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We have been here for nearly a week now, you must have seen everything?

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No way! It is such a large show and I get stuck in certain corners.

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Conceptual gardens, large gardens, small gardens. I have been in the

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market garden three or four times and what I love about that is that

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it is inspiring, it is all about what you can do at home, not what

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we can do to feel you from of ideas. There is a sense that some shows

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are about that? The floral marquees are still looking good. I try to

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make a diversion through there were ever I am going and they replenish

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the stock on a daily basis so it is looking very fresh. The Floral

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Pavilion I have been to least. We get here at 7 am in the morning so

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for 15 minutes we can go and see things and I always have my

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notebook in my pocket and a pen and I just write down lists of plants,

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things and combinations I like. Have you seen the edible mushroom

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conceptual garden? I like the reaction of people, people seem to

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enjoy them. As a show like this, the big show gardens still carry

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the day, they are the stars, like it or not. This one won a gold

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medal and we met the Duchess of Cornwall at this garden. At Chelsea

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Flower Show last year, the garden designer and presenter Chris

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Beardshaw visited a garden made by a group of UK Skills, an

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organisation promoting apprentices from a range of disciplines. He was

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so impressed by this that this year, he is designed a garden in

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conjunction with three at landscape trainees from UK Skills. The first

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thing he had then do before starting work on the garden was to

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visit the National Trust's garden at Hidcote Manor so that they could

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learn how to mimic nature within a My team consists of three young men

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who are focused and dedicated towards landscape gardening. James

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from Northern Ireland has a great air of confidence about him. Ollie

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is the cheeky one of the trio. Simon is the cool, calm, collected

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character. It is their responsibility to build the garden

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at Hampton. We got to represent the English landscape in all of its

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glory in the show and encapsulate that with the exit. And digging the

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lads to one of my favourite gardens, Hidcote Manor, to take a close look

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at three of that habitats they will have to create - would land, meadow

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and stream. The woodland is the backdrop to the garden, largely

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about recreating very informal, a natural looking space. One of the

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first thing that strikes you in this environment is the amount of

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light blocked out by the can be at the trees. Ivy for instance, is a

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dark green plant and that allows the plant to capture as much of the

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light as possible. Other plants like lords and ladies, you can see

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the berries are in flower. As soon as these leaves established, all of

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this goes green the thing about the arrangement is that it all looks

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very informal, there is no logic to how everything is laid out and this

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is what we have got to try to recreate. We very often think of

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meadows as being simplistic. It is grass with a few flowers in but

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take a look at a small area like this, have a square metre five or

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six different flooring plant species. Even with the brief glance,

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there are maybe 15 or 20 species of grass in here as well. It is also

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working at the role this plant is playing. It is called Yellow rattle.

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You can hear that. It rattles! pushes its routes into the roots of

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the surrounding grasses and sucks the life out of the grass and so

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the canopy of the grass is reduced and it is this idea of almost brush

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strokes of the yellow with the buttercups and this rather acid

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green coming through. It is quite weighty. We have got to try to

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recreate with these little jewels of the disease. -- daisies. Water

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comes into different guises in the design. One is as a gentle stream

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of what we have to get right is the way the plans have started to

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colonise those. This little area of natural planting in here is going

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to give us a very good pointer. Look at the way the plans are

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establishing and have a look in there, on the banks, because they

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are going right into the stream, one of two little seedlings Art

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Show starting to establish themselves. It is a good

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demonstration of the fact that we need a good variety of generation

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of plants. There are at home in herbaceous borders but we can use

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them right alongside the stream to act as a buffer between the stream

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and the broader herbaceous planting that goes on next door. Definitely!

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How has it been, is it amazing building this garden? It has been

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amazing, especially for us. It was a great opportunity to jump into

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the plants with Chris he is so enthusiastic. What is your

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favourite but of the garden? stream that goes down there under

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the bridge. Years! That is mine, too, because we built that. What

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about you? I like the two dry-stone colours at the end which I built!

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Well done, give yourself a pat on back.

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The lads have done really well, we are still talking as well. It has

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been a real challenge for them. We have had our ups and downs. They

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have been moments when they looked at the enormity of the task and it

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has been a rabbit in headlights but that is the point of the training

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programme. It shows the sky is how to deal with the major task and

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bring it down into smaller fragments. The garden looks

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absolutely stunning. Run us through the idea behind it? The UK team

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represent us at the World Schools competition in October so we had to

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encapsulate a training programme that was demonstrating what a

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British garden is all about so we start off at the front with a very

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glamorous Borders and become around to a more priory style of planting.

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Then a traditional English flower meadow. Then the cart track, the

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dry-stone wall and off into the rural idyll of the agricultural

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landscape. The planting does soften it so much and the detail is

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incredible actually. That is the idea, it has to be a real piece of

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theatre. Things like the wall on the building, hand-made bricks in

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the old English garden. The track is made out of a harder material,

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made in a cobbled style. What about these boulders that run through

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here because they're quite a contemporary twist on the garden.

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Lots of people look at this and think it is traditional in garden

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terms that this is about training. A raw product with great potential,

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coming to the skills programme, getting to the one that has floated

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on the water. I really like that, the whole garden is wonderful, well

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The Stockman's Retreat is not the only one here at Hampton Court.

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Chris uses his for horticulture purposes, the arts and skills

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needed to make a show garden, there are many diverse messages that the

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Rachel is dealing with a very complex subject. Her last car and

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got an amazing response. What you think what this garden? Obviously

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the message is difficult and it is brave to go about it but it works,

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regardless of the message because it has gone for it with such

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enthusiasm, they had used all the bright shades of pink and

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ruthlessly edited out the others. The conventional wisdom is that

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only soft pastel colours work under an English spy but I think you can

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challenge that. The message is, if you are using strong colours,

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choose the brightest, strongest combinations and make them sing and

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dance. Don't be coy. It would be a little -- a great little roof

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garden. You would have to pray for some!

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This is one of the gold medal winners. It is one of the best

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gardens in the show and you cannot faulted on any level yet I don't

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feel comfortable with it which is an odd sensation. It is a highly

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accomplished garden, very well designed and planted. I feel

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slightly that I am sitting on the terrace of a five-star hotel. It is

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not unpleasant. But I wouldn't want to have this at home. Many people

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would think, I would love to have a garden like that. We have lavenders,

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evergreen barques, silver birches, there is depth to the planting.

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of the things I would take away from this is that you can do things

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on a horizontal level. You can plant horizontally as well. We have

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the structure here that gives it the height. It is not a garden that

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I will roll up my sleeves and get This is one of the most inspiring

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thing I have seen. It is done by two student, Caroline and Petra who

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have left clodge, so there is real talent coming through. The second

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is they have taken a big idea, world harmony, and made it into a

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garden. They have succeeded. It shows you can do anything with a

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garden. They have taken circular pools of plants. Individual species

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pools of plants. Individual species all the plants circled round,

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defined by rusting metal plates. The tree, the silver birchs, a

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terrible cliche in sew gardens but they have chosen a variety called

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Fascination. It picks up on the digitalis on the front and on the

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metal and on the leaves, so it is subtle, it is calm, and yet it is

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big and inspiring. I won best in show. If you are watching last

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night, you will recall there was a new range of roses introduced here.

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Roses are an important part of the show but they are by no means the

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only flowers you will see. Rachel has been to the floral marquee to

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check out the other new Every year, nurseries, find breed

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and collect new plants, and here in the floral marquee, well, many of

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them are taking their first bow in Pine cottage plants is showing

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beautiful South African natives. Agapanthus, this is their time of

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year to shine. This one is called ind go dreams. It is very dark in

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bud. Once the flowers open it retains that dark colouring, so

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unusual. Below it a tug bag ya. The best thing it keeps flowering, from

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spring through to autumn. But it needs good drainage, perhapss on

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the patio or a raised bed with A new introduction from Bowden is

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this little one called Hands Up. It is a small version. It has a lovely

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up right habit. Slightly curved leaves and the leaves are really

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quite thick, so has very good resistance to slugs and nails.

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Sounds good to me! This is a brand- new plant. It stays nice and green

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down the central area, and then this fan shape at the top becomes

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paleer you get a strong contrast between that and this lovely dark

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purple vaining. It is attractive and carnivorous plants are gaining

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in popularity. They are easier to grow than you think. A pot with a

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dish of rain water underneath. They need a good cold winter in order to

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These are popular foliage plants w the bonus of pretty flowers. Until

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recently much of the breeding has been going on in America, where

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they are mad for them. But Heucheraholics are showing a few

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that have been bred in Europe. We have one from Belgium. This is Red

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Dress. Small leaf, very dark green and the underside in purple. This

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this French one. A nice bright lime green, with the slightly darker

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marking on the leaf. They do have a habit of working their way upwards

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in the soi. They try and push out, so if that happens in your garden,

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dig them up, you can divide them and replant them a bit deeper. They

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will be perfectly happy. One group of plants that always attracts the

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admiration of the crowds are the bon sis. This magical Japanese art

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form has been dominated by men, until recently. But now, bonsai

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enthusiast Chrissie has joined her fellow male exhibitors taking

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skills into a new direction.Ies -- Chrissie doesn't just restrict

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herself to classic Japanese trees, she has extended the practice to

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There is something about a bonsai that can give you such a rewarding

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satisfaction, it is like a recommend draant an a Constable.

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There is an art. Something you can only bring it out from yourself,

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within the tree, you can reflect that art f you like, in a living

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piece of material. Bonsai actually means a translation from Japanese

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to English is tree, or plant in a tray. This is a tree that is a

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Chinese elm, which is the, probably the one people are most familiar

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with. I started off with one of these, and a little oak tree. I

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have decided to go for trees that are indigenous, and trees that are

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available to us and will cope with living in this climate. This is a

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tree that was taken out of a skip, five years ago. It has been a

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bonsai for three years. This is a hau thorn. It was growing happily

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as a hedge until the farmer decided he needed to make room for another

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barn. This is a yew salvaged from a garden. This is the first stage of

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coming into the world of bonsai. It is probably about 50 years old. As

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it stood in the ground, as you can imagine the size of tree, there was

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a huge amount of roots, which the tree now has to recover. Originally

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it has tap root, the tap roots hold it into the ground. We don't need

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them. So I work into the next four yier, will be to develop the

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fibrous feeding roots, which is the future of the tree. The trunk, this

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is amazing. It has the future of being a really good piece of

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material. This tree was destined to be destroyed, and got rid of. I

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have got the pleasure of keeping it going on. This one is a year two,

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this part of the tree, where it was cut off from here and the base, has

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actually died off, and this branch here tells me and confirms that, so

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we can track back through this area, which is the live vein is coming up

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from the outside and rising round the outside of this. So we now that

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this part is dead. We can now work with the tree because which know

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where the live veins are. This will be carved and created and made into

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a tree that looks like it is dead. Not just cut off here and here.

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There will be artwork applied, with drilling and kafrg out the deadwood

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to create the artistic side to it. This is stage three, we can now

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actually carve the wood out that we know is dead, from the taking from

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the ground. You can see the live layer round the deadwood. As you

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can see, the top, we have two holes. This depicts age. I mean, a lot of

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ancient trees you see in nature have holes, and we have jumped

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ahead and we have used carving tools to create this deadwood

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appearance. We can then also apply the wires to the tree, to create

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the branches. From a tree that is growing in a garden, unwanted

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position, you can have something Who is to say 100 or 1,000 years

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down the line my trees might still be alive. I would like to think so.

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I hope to think so any way. Well Chrissie, all these creations on

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your stand I love the privet and the pine over there, but people

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find them tricky, they are scared of growing them. I know people

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would like to, but what are your top tips on growing these? I think

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the accessible ones are the indoor one, the Chinese elm, they are easy

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trees to start with. You can progress to using outdoor material,

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which are trees that are indigenous to this country. Far better to use,

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because they would naturally prefer to be outside. The indoor trees

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would need the winter care in the house and maybe outside in the

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summer. What about watering and feeding? Yes, possibly on a daily

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basis through the growing season. Pruning again, through the growing

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season. Some weeks you may doing it twice a week, some may not be every

:22:59.:23:04.

six weeks. So keep a gauge on how much the growing. Clip it back.

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When you see something shoot out cut it back Yes, the more you can

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prune them back, the more they are going to grow. The tree will know

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it wants to have so many leaves to continue through the growing season.

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If you cut it back, it will spring out new leaves, so the more you

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prune the bet it will respond. make it sound easy. You have

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brought your creations here. Lovely I love the RHS grow your own market.

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Anything that encourages people to grow food, cook it, eat it, and

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enjoy it is fine by me. The most spectacular stand is this. It is

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The Garlic Farm, from the Isle of Wight. It does what it says on the

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tin. It is all about garlic. You know, there isn't a guard none the

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British Isles, that can't grow garlic successfully. There are lots

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of different variety, you can plant it as early as September or late as

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January. You can harvest as early in May or the end of the summer. It

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People always talk about growing fruit and veg, but they don't talk

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enough about growing herbs. Herbs should be essential in any garden.

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They are the core of a really good edible garden. I am not necessarily

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talking about fancy herbs, although it is interesting to see red

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spinach. I am talking about herbs like Rosemary, sage, parsley.

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Common enough but all delicious, and I think all essential. It is

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really good on the Blackmoor stand to see fruit reduced right down in

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size. I think everybody should grow some fruit in their garden. I know

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people feel, that is, fine if you have space, by only have a small

:24:59.:25:04.

backyard, how do I do it. You do it like this. You grow step over

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variety, there is James grieve which is in the Copella garden. The

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same plant. You can train fruit. Truth is, any St Paul garden can

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produce wonderful food. There are a couple of guarders who set out to

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prove you can grow your five a day in a smaller area as ten square

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Our garden is called the five a day garden, because through the ten

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square metres of planting space we are using, you can grow enough

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fruit and vegetables to meet the Government's recommended five a day

:25:49.:25:55.

guideline, every day throughout the year. We are showing you how you

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could grow in a confined planting space. You can have planters on

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your stairs or wall, on a patio or on a roof terrace, the thing that

:26:07.:26:17.
:26:17.:26:21.

is great about it, anybody can do They are probably five key pointers

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behind how somebody could create their own five a day garden. One is

:26:26.:26:32.

this deep bed method. All plants have different root depths, and of

:26:32.:26:37.

course therefore different depth requirements in a planter. Here we

:26:37.:26:42.

have salad crops which by and large have a similar requirement. We have

:26:42.:26:45.

30 centimetres here, which is perfect for salad, and any deeper

:26:45.:26:51.

and you would be putting compost in a pot you didn't need. Over here we

:26:51.:26:55.

have carrots. It illustrates the density of planting you can achieve.

:26:55.:27:05.
:27:05.:27:05.

If you get the depth right. How Design tip two is to use all of the

:27:05.:27:15.
:27:15.:27:18.

If you are as committed as I am to tomato, realistically a greenhouse

:27:18.:27:22.

will make a difference. Where to put it? Other than plonking it in

:27:22.:27:28.

the middle of the lawn, I couldn't think of a solution. Until I struck

:27:28.:27:38.
:27:38.:27:39.

You have to make every thing you grow count. So do a bit of research

:27:39.:27:44.

before you plunge into buying the first seeds you come across,

:27:45.:27:51.

because the wealth to kooz from is phenomenal. These are the crystal

:27:51.:27:55.

apple cucumbers that are going to Hampton Court for the show garden.

:27:56.:27:59.

The only way for you to be able to enjoy one is to grow your own. That

:27:59.:28:04.

is part of the whole joy of this five a a day garden, is widening

:28:04.:28:14.

your taste bud experiences. When you are growing in a small

:28:14.:28:17.

area, it is important to always have small plants growing, you can

:28:18.:28:22.

replace gaps when you get them. These beans have come to the end of

:28:22.:28:28.

their life now, and we have planted some aubergines, that are ready to

:28:28.:28:32.

be potted on into containers. You are getting two crops from one

:28:32.:28:42.
:28:42.:28:45.

Final tip is contact with your plants. Visit them every day, look

:28:45.:28:49.

at them, turn the leaves over, because you will find clusters --

:28:49.:28:53.

clusters of eggs under them. If you can be brave. Wipe of the thumb,

:28:53.:28:58.

that is it, over and done with. You have nipped the problem in the bud.

:28:59.:29:04.

If you visit them once a week those eggs will be hatching and the first

:29:04.:29:09.

thing you will notice is holes in the leaves. The tips we have gone

:29:09.:29:14.

through will help you on the way to achieving the maximum yield, but of

:29:14.:29:18.

course you don't have to do the whole thing. Pick the vegetable you

:29:18.:29:23.

most like or the space you have got, be it is a window box or balcony

:29:23.:29:25.

and make your own little contribution to growing your five a

:29:25.:29:35.
:29:35.:29:41.

day. A bit of space goes a very You're really into encouraging

:29:41.:29:45.

people to grow their own vegetables, why is five a day so important to

:29:45.:29:50.

you? This garden has been designed specifically to cram the maximum

:29:50.:29:57.

amount of plants in. They are planted using a very clever method,

:29:57.:30:03.

meeting new you can get for a bold increase from your yield. You are

:30:03.:30:08.

able to get five a day for one person for every day out of the

:30:08.:30:13.

year. You can get so much fun and and variety, we have managed to get

:30:13.:30:18.

over 50 types of vegetables in his garden. Is that one of your strange

:30:18.:30:22.

cucumbers over there? Yes it is a Crystal Apple cucumber and it grows

:30:22.:30:28.

really easily. It produces tons of fruit. I will have to try that!

:30:28.:30:32.

Your first time ever at Hampton Court and you got a gold medal, we

:30:32.:30:42.

become regulars? Definitely not regulars but definitely Maybe!

:30:42.:30:48.

It is a huge amount of work, physical and mental and time wise.

:30:48.:30:56.

We have got other things to do as well, a business to run. It is a

:30:56.:30:57.

Graham Earl of garden, congratulations and Never Say

:30:57.:31:03.

Never! As Heather and Nicola had shown,

:31:03.:31:08.

growing your own fruit and vegetables can be very satisfying.

:31:08.:31:12.

That is something that Alice has been passion about for years. No

:31:12.:31:16.

surprise that she made a beeline for the small gardens dedicated to

:31:16.:31:26.
:31:26.:31:29.

that of a growing when she visited the show earlier this week.

:31:29.:31:34.

This is the home front garden. It is a traditional take on a second

:31:34.:31:37.

world war vegetable garden so the lawn has been dug up and replaced

:31:37.:31:41.

with vegetables and there is plenty of rows of cabbages, tomatoes and

:31:41.:31:46.

onions. It is full of lots of charming period detail, you can

:31:46.:31:51.

really immerse yourself in times gone by here. Is a proper make-do

:31:51.:31:54.

and mend. All the hard landscaping has been recycled as for that

:31:54.:32:04.
:32:04.:32:17.

This garden is called the potential feast and is a very modern twist on

:32:17.:32:21.

the cottage garden. You have edible flowers, herbs and vegetables are

:32:21.:32:27.

all mixed together and it has an incredibly subdued and subtle

:32:27.:32:31.

colour palette. They have also made a point of choosing vegetables that

:32:31.:32:36.

look good. You have this crimson a broad bean that has the most

:32:36.:32:41.

intense smell to it and you also have the lovely purple pot of peas

:32:41.:32:47.

here and there beat should with its intense metallic waves. This is a

:32:47.:32:51.

very attractive vegetable garden but it is not without humour. You

:32:51.:32:57.

get to eat the walls if you want to and tomatoes tumble from above.

:32:57.:33:00.

This is a modern take on the edible garden, an incredibly good use of

:33:00.:33:08.

space and I can imagine gardening here.

:33:08.:33:12.

This garden is an urban harvest and has been designed for a community

:33:12.:33:16.

to use. What I like about the spaces how much fruit they have

:33:16.:33:20.

managed to pack into the design so on the top layer, we have these

:33:20.:33:24.

beautiful standard apples with their long stems with plenty of

:33:24.:33:27.

space underneath for planting and then in the middle layer we have

:33:27.:33:31.

the elder and along the front we have a little hedge of gooseberries

:33:31.:33:36.

and wild strawberries. Back here when you're sitting on the seating

:33:36.:33:40.

area, it is secluded and quiet and it gives it a lovely feeling. You

:33:40.:33:44.

could get lost in the space and yet there is still plenty of vegetable

:33:44.:33:48.

garden to be done. The small gardens Russia have been packed

:33:48.:33:52.

full of vegetables. There is plenty of inspiration from the traditional

:33:52.:33:55.

take on the old vegetable garden to something much more modern and

:33:55.:34:01.

slick. We still have lots to come on the

:34:01.:34:07.

programme. Gill is visiting Hampton Court's first night garden to show

:34:07.:34:11.

that outdoor living doesn't have to come to their close when dusk

:34:11.:34:20.

arrives. Also, I am interviewing Tom Hart Dyke who has brought his

:34:20.:34:24.

national collection of eucalyptus here. You cannot help but love them,

:34:25.:34:29.

can you? It is an obsessive behaviour! If there's anything you

:34:29.:34:33.

want to know about the flower show, you can find out by going to our

:34:33.:34:43.
:34:43.:34:49.

Another series of thought-provoking designs are because sexual gardens

:34:49.:34:55.

here. They are meant to combine horticulture with deep thinking.

:34:55.:35:00.

What does it mean to you? What we try to do is represent a snapshot

:35:00.:35:04.

of reality, is the conclusion to an intellectual journey, it is

:35:04.:35:08.

actuality there is being displayed. A conceptual garden is at the start

:35:08.:35:13.

of the process, when all the intellectual things took place. It

:35:13.:35:17.

should pose more questions than offering solutions. What you think

:35:17.:35:23.

of this garden? This one is called in during freedom and is said to

:35:23.:35:30.

represent the service men's journey into the unknown and the potential

:35:30.:35:37.

hostility of the Afghan atmosphere. How well does it display the

:35:37.:35:41.

concept of harshness and transition. When you cross that wrestled, do

:35:41.:35:46.

you feel that the threat is here in the way that it is present in

:35:46.:35:51.

Afghanistan? It is a bit of the stage show, a representation of of

:35:51.:35:55.

Venice - and, too obvious, I suppose. It has been beautifully

:35:55.:35:59.

planted and in a way, it dilutes the severity of the cause and the

:35:59.:36:07.

concept. A hands-on exhibit delivers too strong messengers, the

:36:07.:36:11.

first of relieving the stresses and strains of everyday life, achieved

:36:11.:36:15.

partially by creating a floral tapestry but also by some

:36:15.:36:19.

reassuring words on the board behind me. The second is perhaps

:36:19.:36:25.

even stronger and that is to try and encourage people to consider

:36:25.:36:30.

that every time we view, enter or interact with a landscape, a garden

:36:30.:36:36.

or a plant or environment, we, in some way, contribute to the

:36:36.:36:41.

structure and composition of that article. As such, this exhibit

:36:41.:36:47.

allows you to develop a four- dimensional sculpture, every

:36:47.:36:57.

visitor can leave their own contribution.

:36:57.:37:01.

This garden, at first glance, it looks like a piece of grass with

:37:01.:37:07.

notes of rusty old post boxes around the outside. But there are

:37:07.:37:10.

periscopes and if you look inside them, you can see into the mirror

:37:11.:37:15.

and you can see this world of edible fungi. It is amazing, we're

:37:15.:37:20.

looking across this microbe landscape. You cannot work out

:37:20.:37:24.

where they are coming from and if you turn down here, the land has

:37:24.:37:30.

been tilted up and the shaft of light is working its way down

:37:30.:37:34.

underneath. It is quite incredible. This is everything a conceptual

:37:34.:37:41.

garden should be. It draws you in, it is intriguing, original,

:37:41.:37:48.

creative and, the judges loved it, they gave it gold and Best in Show.

:37:48.:37:53.

This garden is called picturesque, it got at gold medal. It is all

:37:53.:37:59.

about using plants as if they were in an art gallery. It is taking the

:37:59.:38:04.

iconic pictures and representing them in plants and a message about

:38:04.:38:11.

sustainability. This is a really strong concept and beautifully

:38:11.:38:15.

executed. We are being encouraged to consider our plants and the

:38:15.:38:19.

intricacy and beauty of those plants before they become museum or

:38:19.:38:23.

exhibition pieces where the only place she can see them is as a

:38:23.:38:28.

private exhibition. This really is a conceptual garden for me but some

:38:28.:38:37.

are a bit hit and miss. The Kandinsky, doesn't really work for

:38:37.:38:44.

me. Containing a plant with in a glass box and suspending it in mid-

:38:44.:38:48.

air, encourages us to look at the detail of the plant and see it in a

:38:48.:38:53.

new light. To see it in its true beauty, focus on the detail of the

:38:54.:39:01.

individual. Putting it in a glass box gives an odd to Damien Hirst,

:39:01.:39:06.

as it was in a gallery. The conceptual designers have taken a

:39:06.:39:09.

new approach to landscape gardening, the self-confessed plant lover Tom

:39:09.:39:13.

Hart Dyke, is the search for new plants that excites him. He has

:39:13.:39:18.

spent years scouring the globe for new additions to his world garden

:39:18.:39:22.

at Lullingstone Castle in Kent. His passion has made him an active

:39:22.:39:25.

member of Plant Heritage, the world's leading plant conservation

:39:25.:39:29.

charity which pulls together national collections of of plant

:39:29.:39:33.

genera to protect them against extinction. He brought his own

:39:33.:39:38.

national collection of eucalyptus this year. He cherishes it and his

:39:38.:39:41.

aim is to persuade more people to appreciate just how special

:39:41.:39:51.
:39:51.:39:58.

The most widely planted tree on earth is the eucalyptus. It was my

:39:58.:40:01.

gran he got me going at a very young age and it was how they

:40:01.:40:06.

change their shape and size. How they adapt to climatic conditions

:40:06.:40:15.

so well, how they change, they're absolutely amazing. Out here we got

:40:15.:40:18.

a really good collection, 400 eucalyptus trees and some at the

:40:18.:40:24.

age of 14, I was planting and some great ones to show you. This is

:40:24.:40:31.

just an awesome tree, and this street was quite badly damaged in

:40:31.:40:36.

the last winter but what you can see is doing, look at all these

:40:36.:40:40.

group points and this is unique to a eucalyptus tree. Is a fantastic

:40:40.:40:44.

way to adapt to a cold winter but usually through fire that has gone

:40:44.:40:49.

through it and what is amazing is, these groups are appearing out of

:40:49.:40:53.

the trunks will be six or eight feet long by the end of this year.

:40:53.:40:57.

Look along here, this is to work three weeks earlier, look at them

:40:57.:41:03.

all, bursting out. In three or four weeks' time, this tree is going to

:41:03.:41:13.
:41:13.:41:18.

be amass of leaves going up the stems. In here begot the lemon-

:41:18.:41:24.

scented three. Look at this peeling bark here, fantastic, revealing

:41:24.:41:29.

this turquoise, Jade, green colour. When you see it in the wiles of

:41:29.:41:34.

Queensland, as it is growing from white, to blue, green stems, it is

:41:34.:41:43.

extraordinary. The smell of this, crash it between your fingers... In

:41:43.:41:46.

heel that straight down to your lungs and Bexhill, it is really

:41:46.:41:52.

strong. One more time I think. Fantastic smell and straight away,

:41:52.:41:58.

you are smelly insect repellents and lemon scented candles, that is

:41:58.:42:06.

where it comes from. All these trees, I collected myself in his

:42:06.:42:09.

seat formed in 1999 from the Australia and in particular from

:42:09.:42:13.

Tasmania. Most of these are going in my stand at Hampton Court this

:42:13.:42:20.

year and one of my most rewarding and the sour fines was this

:42:20.:42:27.

varnished gum, the world's smallest eucalyptus tree. People say, no,

:42:27.:42:32.

but I promise, it is a eucalyptus, destroying to three or four feet

:42:32.:42:40.

tall at the most. This is the only ones suitable for a rockery, I kid

:42:40.:42:47.

you not. What makes my chlorophyll boy with excitement is this one.

:42:47.:42:53.

This is the world's rarest eucalyptus tree. What I love about

:42:53.:42:59.

it is, its circular foliage with the growing points and you can see

:42:59.:43:04.

from the side, pink and red stems. A fantastic plant that is hardy and

:43:04.:43:09.

not yet known in this country. Another one that is very tender,

:43:09.:43:18.

but the world's largest and longest eucalyptus leaf. Here, it is too

:43:18.:43:25.

early for the fruit, but you can already start to see these waxy,

:43:25.:43:31.

blue leaves - fantastic foliage. It can get up to 4 ft long so we got

:43:31.:43:35.

the world's rarest, the world's smallest and the world's largest

:43:35.:43:39.

believed eucalyptus tree. Very exciting but it makes my heart

:43:39.:43:49.
:43:49.:43:49.

flutter of excitement that I Your passion for eucalyptus is

:43:49.:43:54.

apparent. You can't help but love them, can you. It is obsessive

:43:54.:43:58.

behaviour Monty. You are not alone. A lot of people grow eucalyptus,

:43:58.:44:03.

but a big problem seems to be they outgrow themselves. They plant them

:44:03.:44:07.

small, and then they quickly become enormous, with all kinds of

:44:07.:44:11.

problems. What is best way of dealing with this? Is it a question

:44:11.:44:16.

of choosing the right plant? Absolutely. They are sold as

:44:16.:44:20.

bedding plants when they can get to 40 feet within a handful of years.

:44:20.:44:25.

What is the solution? Should it be better pruning or more selective

:44:26.:44:30.

planting? Selective planting, that is back to basic, it is breaking

:44:30.:44:38.

away into smaller plants such as the snow gun, or this one here.

:44:38.:44:42.

Hardy but look good when small. The eucalyptus I say the people who

:44:43.:44:48.

have them at 30, 40 feet tall, the neighbours complaining, the

:44:48.:44:52.

foundations they maybe worried ab, you can really cut them back hard.

:44:52.:44:59.

Take them down so they crown. They will start reshooting. The other

:44:59.:45:04.

big question I am getting a lot of, you can't help but see, is a lot of

:45:04.:45:08.

eucalyptus have died over the last winter. They appear to have died.

:45:08.:45:12.

What is the best way of dealing with them? Should they be left to

:45:12.:45:18.

see if they have regrowth 890% will regrow. Cutback to where the

:45:18.:45:23.

growths are coming out. At what point do you decide to cutback?

:45:23.:45:28.

They are still producing shoots. Do you leave for it a year, to autumn?

:45:28.:45:34.

Should we be doing it now? I would do it now. 1st August by the latest.

:45:34.:45:39.

Then that is it. They would have by the end of May starting to resprout

:45:39.:45:44.

into June, July. Now we are getting into the middle part of July now,

:45:44.:45:51.

and you can honestly, it will regrow and reshape into a tree that

:45:51.:45:55.

is 20 feet tall within four or five years they have the rootstock and

:45:55.:46:05.
:46:05.:46:07.

the trunk, and they are ready to go. If it hasn't sprouted by August it

:46:07.:46:12.

is time for the compost heap. They are quick to sew what they are

:46:12.:46:17.

going to do. This is your first time here. How has it been?

:46:17.:46:21.

Brilliant. To get Silver-Gilt was brilliant. Superb. Will you be back

:46:21.:46:27.

after a gold next year? If I can persuade the team, we are here.

:46:27.:46:33.

is not the only national collection holder here at Hampton Court. We

:46:33.:46:35.

have conservationists and collectors who have brought their

:46:35.:46:39.

plant to the plant heritage tent from all over. From Scotland, Wales,

:46:39.:46:44.

Cornwall, even my home county of Herefordshire. Earlier this week,

:46:44.:46:49.

Alice talked to a few of them. The Plant Heritage Marquee is one of

:46:49.:46:59.
:46:59.:47:01.

the hidden Jim gems here. -- hidden This year's theme is called a

:47:01.:47:06.

living library. It displays some of the national collections. These are

:47:06.:47:10.

every variation possible in a gene news. There are some things that

:47:11.:47:19.

are very unusual. Some well-known and some that have been forgotten.

:47:19.:47:23.

Dibleys is well-known for breeding these, how did it start? He my

:47:23.:47:28.

father was a collector of plant, he enjoyed growing them. We have gone

:47:28.:47:32.

back to some of the species and introduced them into the breeding

:47:32.:47:36.

programme. It is just a really solid house plant isn't it It is

:47:36.:47:41.

one of the easiest round. Put it on a windowsill. Keep it on the

:47:41.:47:47.

slightly dry side and it will flower all the time. Why would you

:47:47.:47:51.

bother collecting obscure species? It brings extra characteristics

:47:51.:47:56.

into the varieties. This flowers mostly in the winter time. That we

:47:56.:48:02.

managed to breed with a modern variety, and we ended one the next

:48:02.:48:07.

generation hybrid that flowers all the year round. A normal one was

:48:07.:48:12.

flower between? March and September, April time. This is the only

:48:12.:48:17.

species that has the red flower, this is where all the modern

:48:18.:48:23.

varieties have got reds and pink in come from. Without it they would be

:48:23.:48:28.

blues and whites. It is important to get varieties like this growing.

:48:28.:48:33.

It is a wonderful collection, thank you for sharing it. You are welcome.

:48:33.:48:38.

I am very excited about finding this collection, because I didn't

:48:38.:48:43.

realise there were so many out there. They go from the sublime to

:48:43.:48:47.

the almost ridiculous there is one over there which has no leaves and

:48:47.:48:54.

only Thornes. The corner is full of lovely carnations but what makes

:48:54.:49:00.

them special? They are not just carnation, they are Malmaison

:49:00.:49:04.

carnations which were the nower of the season for the Edwardian period.

:49:04.:49:10.

They would be used as a cut flower? Also brought into the house for

:49:10.:49:14.

special occasions. Why are they forgotten? They are prone to

:49:14.:49:22.

viruses and they became difficult to propagate, but with the aid of

:49:22.:49:28.

siens we have had them micro propagated: I see you have a Gold

:49:28.:49:34.

Medal but not just a goad medal have a goad medal, but the best

:49:34.:49:39.

plant heritage exhibit. I am still stunned, to be honest. I'm not.

:49:39.:49:46.

It's a beautiful display. Thank you very much indeed for saying that.

:49:46.:49:49.

One of the best things about heritage plant marquee is you get

:49:49.:49:59.
:49:59.:50:15.

to walk away with a bit of a living We are in the LOROS Hospice Garden

:50:15.:50:19.

of Light and Reflection. Look better in the sun. It is nice to

:50:19.:50:23.

get a bit of sunshine again. We have had lots of photos e-mailed in.

:50:23.:50:30.

Here is a good one from Robert, who took it of the Virtual Reality

:50:30.:50:35.

Garden. It looks good from here. It's a bauble, not a pod. OK.

:50:35.:50:41.

like this shot. This is atmospheric. I looks like poppy seed head. I

:50:41.:50:45.

think they are made of medal -- metal. Susie capture add wonderful

:50:45.:50:50.

planting scheme from the garden of light and reflection. Loads of

:50:51.:50:55.

colour. Really intense. Beautiful. And talking of reflection, Chris

:50:55.:51:00.

has snapped Monty. See, in the BBC team, preparing to start filming.

:51:00.:51:06.

He is focusing. He is thinking. There are lots more. If you want to

:51:06.:51:13.

look log on to the website. I have heard a small thing, but in the

:51:13.:51:19.

floral marquee I think somebody ha had to pull out. Then floids

:51:19.:51:23.

stepped in. They had a week to get everything together. Saved the day.

:51:23.:51:28.

It is their first time at the show. Really? Well done them. Impressive.

:51:28.:51:32.

There is a brand-new garden this year, hidden under the canvas of a

:51:32.:51:36.

black out marquee, right up near the large show gardens. There is a

:51:36.:51:41.

reason for that. It is called a garden at night. It is dedicated to

:51:41.:51:46.

plants that come into their own after the sun has gone down. We

:51:46.:51:56.
:51:56.:52:13.

Kari Beardsell has designed a garden which demmonstrated how

:52:13.:52:18.

different it can be in the dark. Plant wise, we have things like the

:52:18.:52:24.

silver birch which shine out in the dark, and plants like nicotiana,

:52:24.:52:28.

white plants that work well in the dark, and some of them release a

:52:28.:52:32.

beautiful perfume. Something like the red maple over there is

:52:32.:52:36.

interesting, when you light it from below. You see the foliage in a

:52:36.:52:46.
:52:46.:52:52.

The lighting is key too. Safety is the first thing, and without them I

:52:52.:52:56.

wouldn't be able to get across the water. But don't just stick lights

:52:56.:53:00.

in the lawn or flower beds lighting nothing in particular. Here Kari

:53:00.:53:05.

has done a great job. We have strip lighting and that throws a light on

:53:05.:53:10.

to the lawn, but she has grazed the walls back, the pillars to throw

:53:10.:53:13.

that brick into relief. The water features here, they are brilliantly

:53:13.:53:18.

lit with the spotlights, you can't see the source of the spot but they

:53:18.:53:22.

light the feature itself. Then again, over dining areas like this,

:53:22.:53:25.

you want a light from above and throw a light on to an area and

:53:25.:53:29.

make it practical. She has done a brilliant on. When the visitors

:53:29.:53:34.

come through they go quiet, really hush, hush, because they are

:53:34.:53:39.

responding to the moody atmosphere of this garden. If you have been

:53:39.:53:43.

inspired by Kari's night garden you might want to equip your own garden

:53:43.:53:52.

for night-time living. Here it is packed full of ideas. Garden

:53:52.:53:56.

lighting when used creatively can form a wonderful ambience in the

:53:56.:54:02.

garden and extend the long summer evenings. Solar garden lighting has

:54:02.:54:05.

been a nice idea, using the power of the sun to light the garden at

:54:05.:54:09.

night. But it has been frustrating because it fizzles out an hour or

:54:09.:54:12.

two after the sun goes down. There is new technology coming through

:54:12.:54:18.

which is interesting. So one of these has got four LEDs in it. It

:54:18.:54:21.

punches out quite a bit of light and it will last until one or two

:54:21.:54:30.

in the morning. An interesting development. What could be more

:54:30.:54:34.

romantic than the garden by candle light? I like these lanterns. They

:54:34.:54:41.

range in price from about �45, down to only, well that is �9.95 for

:54:41.:54:46.

that lantern plus the holder. Which I think is pretty good. When you

:54:46.:54:50.

are entertaining in the gaden you will want to cater for friends,

:54:50.:54:55.

make sure they are well-fed. If you are a keen cook you can have the

:54:55.:55:01.

whole kitsch none the garden. And I mean the whole kitchen, down to the

:55:01.:55:07.

sink. We don't need that newfangled stuff, all you need is a fire pit.

:55:08.:55:12.

While you are doing it you can use one of these. This is a charcoal

:55:12.:55:16.

burner and you put wood in. Ideally hardwood, then a couple of hours

:55:16.:55:22.

later, you have made your own car coal. And of course, you need

:55:22.:55:26.

somewhere to sit in the garden, in the evening. And I have found the

:55:26.:55:32.

perfect spot, with this seat. It is so unusual. It is made from a

:55:32.:55:36.

recycle sardine fishing boat. I love the idea it has had a life

:55:36.:55:41.

before and now it is being reused having another. If a hammock and a

:55:41.:55:46.

tent had a baby, what would it be called? Now it would be called a

:55:46.:55:50.

cocoon. It would be like this. Relaxing, you can hang it anywhere.

:55:50.:55:57.

The perfect place to chill out. think you can't beat a good old

:55:57.:56:01.

fashioned swing seat. After the shopping it is nice to put my feet

:56:01.:56:05.

up. It is an enormous show. My feet are killing me. It has been

:56:05.:56:08.

brilliant. Thought provoking designs. Stunning summer colour.

:56:08.:56:18.
:56:18.:56:18.

Apology for the loss of subtitles for 95 seconds

:56:18.:57:54.

And here is a taste of Hampton at Our time here is rapidly coming to

:57:54.:57:57.

an end but the show goes on. At least until Sunday night so if you

:57:57.:58:02.

can get down here, I highly recommend itment and two children

:58:02.:58:06.

get in with every adult tick ticket. If you are are are coming on Sunday

:58:06.:58:10.

the big plant sell off starts at 4.30. All the details are on the

:58:10.:58:19.

website. The week after it close, RHS Tatton Park flower show kicks

:58:19.:58:25.

off on 20th July and Monty, Carol, Andy and myself will be bringing

:58:25.:58:32.

you the high lights on 21st and 2nd. Although we are leaving here, we

:58:32.:58:37.

Monty Don, Joe Swift, Rachel de Thame and Alys Fowler continue their tour of the RHS Hampton Court Palace Flower Show.

Monty catches up with designer Chris Beardshaw to discover how his promise to help a group of young landscape gardeners has resulted in a Hampton show garden. And the irrepressible plant hunter Tom Hart Dyke invites viewers to enjoy his national collection of eucalyptus - on display at Hampton for the very first time.