30/11/2013 Click


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hubbub of a modern city. Now, time for a look at how we might


interact with our computers in the future. It is time for Click.


This week, the machines that read our thoughts and our faces. We'll


find out how we might be interacting with our computers in the future. We


find out how virtual owlet it can help it to scrim and eight. ``


virtual reality. And, we will help you create your own personal museum


in Web scape. The way we communicate with our


devices has changed radically in the past decade. No need to type complex


commands into your keyboard any more, even the mouse is coming and


endangered species. These days, we touch our smart phones, way that our


consoles, swipe out tablets. With an even talk to them. Yes, machines are


getting a whole lot smarter at interacting with us on our terms.


Welcome to Click, I'm Spencer Kelly. And welcome to the human interaction


lab at Bristol University, where researchers are already working on


what comes next. It is a computer display that floats in the air. One


of several projects we have seen around the world to project images


onto a curtain of mist, turning it into a hovering screen. It is touch


sensitive, too. They sought. A motion detector tracks your fingers


and allows you to drag things around and even rotate them. The suggestion


here is that several people each have their own personal Miss screen,


and work collaboratively, dragging objects to and from a central is


flat display. There is a lot of research into human computer


interaction, making waves around the world. This woman has been in


research of some of it, and she started in the bathroom.


Traditionally, water and technology don't mix, which is why don't take


my iPAQ to the bar. But these researchers have come up with the


way to interact in the bath with technology, without worrying about


getting it wet. I will show you. This is called the Aquatop display.


It proves there is more to human interaction and just talk and touch.


There is quite a bit of kit than it that fanfare of lights, sound and


splashing. First, a projector assigns an image onto the water's


surface. Right now, Clearwater doesn't work as well as this opaque


solution. Next, a Microsoft connect camera detects what shape by making


with my hands. Finally, a computer takes the data and uses it to


control the game. Those are waterproof speakers. The plan is to


bring this to market in the next few years. Certainly, it would make


part`time even more fun than it is already. TRANSLATION: I think this


is one of the characteristics of Japanese people. There is a strong


Japanese bathing culture where we enjoyed bathing for a long time in a


deep bath. By using this aqua club display at the same time of


bathing, we hope people abroad will find out how in bathing in a tub can


be. There is certainly something pleasing about interacting with


virtual things in the physical world. Even in this, the first


version of the display, I love the feeling of picking up my pictures


and dropping them back into the water. Playing with this interface


left me wanting more from the rest of my tech. Happily, I'm not alone.


There is a whole branch of research dedicated to how we interact with


machines, called human computer interaction. Here is one example of


research in this area. The inform machine from MIT's tangible media


labs. It consists of 900 moving blocks, and the engineering to


control them. How they move depends on what is happening in front of


this camera. The machine translates those hands waving onto the matrix


of blocks, allowing this ball to be moved potentially from anywhere in


the world. Things can be moved by anything. Obviously the prototype


isn't quite portable yet, they are working on it. These mobile devices


will become shape changing user interfaces. So as opposed to just


the pictures on the screen is changing, the physical form could


change again. We built this system here to prototype some of those


interactions with cheap changing user interfaces. Those interfaces


might be a while off, but if you are first to predict how human


interaction might evolve, there is clearly going to be money in it, and


there is no shortage of companies taking an interest. Like Fujitsu.


Its prototype project images onto real`world items like maps and


brochures. And, Sharp are experimenting with the concept of


home appliances appearing to be pleased to see us. Imagine that


washing machine over their ecstatic at the mere thought of being filled


with dirty laundry! Alright, while this might be a little too intimate


for some, the happy appliance concept indicates one possible


direction. A more emotional take on user interfaces. Take this software,


which has been around for a while. It recognises facial expressions. As


the user interface, it could connect to the heating system and turn up at


average when are sad. The thing is, why stop there? Facial expressions


are, to an extent, under the conscious control of the user, so it


is not much of a leap for machines to read and analyse unconscious


signals like brainwaves. In fact, it this Japanese company made these


wearable cat is that do exactly that. The ears perk up when certain


brainwave patterns are detected. Their new concept device aims to


give our brain control of a video recorder, without your pesky


conscious thoughts getting in the way. Reach a certain level of


excitement, and bang, your device will automatically remember it for


you. The potential for human /computer interaction is huge enough


to be funded by big companies and academic research, but seemingly now


the technical details, there is one more thing to deal with. Any


progress depends on just how much we are prepared to merge with the


machine. LJ Rich with some amazing


technology. We will have more from the lab here a bit later, but first


up, a look at this weeks tech news. Potty mouthed XBox One users who


post video clips to its upload studio that includes wearing, are


finding that Xbox live accounts have been suspended, or their access to


some features has been restricted by Microsoft. The tech giant has made


it the move in an attempt to maintain a clean, safe and fun


environment or all users. If the bad news that there is no swearing in


games? A study carried out by the American psychological Association


has claimed that playing computer games has many positive effects on


children, and in some cases the more violent the game, the more


beneficial the effect. The report also stated that certain types of


game can help people learn problem`solving skills and


creativity. The UN human rights committee has unanimously voted to


protect the human right opera does it against unlawful surveillance. ``


privacy. It was sponsored by Brazil and Germany, both countries that


have had their leaders spied on. And, if you have ever been kept


awake at night wondering what the US President would look like an


animated form, then your dream day has finally arrived. President Obama


was on a tour of the DreamWorks animation studio in California, when


he was confronted by an alien who had a very familiar voice. Not a bad


performance, but I don't think he will be troubling the Academy Awards


just yet. We often talk about gadgets that can


change the way we go about our lives. How many of them can actually


change the way that we in? A recent study into innate or ingrained


racism in white people has found that spending just ten minutes in a


particular virtual world can actually change the way that a view


people with different coloured skin. Can virtual reality really cure


racism? We have been to Barcelona to find out.


What do you see when you look at these faces? We might not want to


hear it, but in this multicultural world, scientists say many of us


continue to have an inbuilt racial bias. They call it implicit racism.


It may be unconscious, but it skews our judgements and decisions all the


time. The result could be that discrimination, it could sometimes


be worse. Now, a team at the University of Barcelona are


exploring how technology could help people overcome this implicit


racism. Participants were put into a simple virtual world, where their


body movements were tracked using a capture suit. But the body they had


in this world had dark skin. This virtual world may look simple, but


scientists say it has a massive impact when you are in it, and I


want to experience it myself. I'm not an ideal participant in this,


because I knew what it was all about, so at the start I very much


noticed that most skin was dark. Now, the longer I have been in this


environment, it doesn't come into it any more. I look at myself, and now


it feels more like me. It doesn't matter what colour my skin is. When


we embodied light`skinned people in a dark skinned body, there implicit


racial bias decreased. The type of body you have seems to influence how


you behave, what your thoughts are, and so on. It may be used to


actually help people to have these implicit bias is, to recognise they


have these, and also to reduce them. It can also be used for various


kinds of rehabilitation, to give people experience is, in package


experience is that they can never have. The virtual world scientists


are now building are becoming more responsive and realistic. It is also


getting cheaper to do. The team here use a Unity 3`D game system,


combined with a much hyped oculus script headmounted display. This is


certainly causing a stir in the technical world. I think the most


likely way is that it is embedded in games. While its use outside the lab


may be some way off, scientists are finding interesting ways to use this


technology to explore and modify behaviour. In one experiment,


football fans were put into a pub where Fite was starting. They found


that supporters were more likely to break it up if someone who supported


their own team was involved. Calmed down! What's going on here?


Scientists say there is still a long way to go, but what is clear is that


virtual reality provides a stepping stone towards better ever be with


others in the real world. Melissa looking at the technology that is


hoping to make us more understanding. Meanwhile, it is time


for a game of virtual bat and ball. The weird thing is, a connection if


you're the ball. The problem with controlling our devices using


gestures is that your fingers don't actually connect with anything.


That's unless you use this device. It uses ultrasound to make points in


space vibrate. If your finger is there you will feel a weird buzzing


sensation. It doesn't feel like there is anything solid, but when I


pinched the right spot in the hour, it feels like someone is lowering


the tips of my fingers with a straw. The team behind this hopes to do


more than just create a buzz. In the future you will be able to feel


different temperatures and textures. There is an established grammar for


using interfaces, pinching and zooming and scrolling. We would like


to create a similar vocabulary for the way people feel their devices.


For example, something is wet, something is dangerous. The idea I


could feel this and it will Tommy some information. I could feel what


was happening in a tennis game, or understand how the Grand Prix or


feel the spin on the ball. Or the grip or friction on the road. That


would be fantastic. Lingy Professor Mike Fraser. There is something we


all interact with on a daily basis. We take a car for a spin that wants


to sing you a song. Imagine your car as a musical instrument with music


like this. Created by your journey. That's what this experience does. It


composes music based on my driving, so speed, steering, and where I am


makes a difference to the sound they get. A series of assets have been


created by an electric music band. It uses data that is taken from the


engine management system to mix these together. Your speed, revs and


other information all play their part in conducting the orchestra.


The idea is that the music actually flows like music. The purpose is to


re`examine our relationship with the road. Everyone has driving


experiences. We wanted to emulate that moment. The music keeps making


the jump. Combination does not feel very good. The app is not available


for consumer release, but the technology is being considered as


something that could appeal to car manufacturers in the future. If


you're worried about it encouraging you to put your foot on the gas, it


isn't as simple as the faster you drive, the faster the music gets. In


the development process, we looked at a number of changes in the music.


Some subtle, some less subtle. Subtle changes were there to


maintain the integrity of the music. I'm not finding it quite as relaxing


as I expected it to be. It's fun, but the music is not varying that


much. That was when I was driving. When the professional took me for a


spin, the experience was pretty different. Aside from the adrenaline


rush, the musical was more intense. I'm not sure it will join my dodgy


music collection any time soon. I can confirm that her music


collection is just Robbie Williams. And songs that are more than four


decades old. Talking of questionable artistic taste, Kate Russell has an


interesting site that allows you to correct your favourite gallery and


museum pieces from around the world. I am not suggesting you should go


around throwing ancient relics out, but if you want to pick and choose


which cultural treasures to keep. The Google art project has just the


tool for you. Search by keyword, collections artist or explore


galleries curated by other users, or create your own collection. New


digital exhibits are being launched all the time, but this week's


release of a series celebrating Spain's influence in the USA over


the past half millennia. Scroll through beautiful images and


full`screen glory and when you see something you like, you can click


straight through to the museum or gallery page for you can browse


through the rest of the exhibits listed. If you are lucky enough to


be planning a trip, it links to a map so you can see where the host


museum or gallery is for each piece. It links to the official websites


for more information and details of what else they have on show. People


run for all sorts of reasons. To keep fit, compete, so they can eat


cake. Even walking is great exercise. Design and inspiring brute


with the help of this website. With you are looking for a gentle 2`mile


stroll Ray hardcore half marathon in job, put in your desired distance


and browse dozens of options near where you are. And there are nearly


2 million routes listed across the globe contributed by users. As well


as the Web tour, you could download the iPhone application which uses


GPS to guide and track you on a route. It is not free but definitely


a very useful downloads if you like to go walking or running new travel


new. One select it, you can use the GPS to follow the map, making sure


you do not get lost. There are training plans a few are preparing


for a race or want to shoot for a fitness goal, they have also


recently added. Bendi routes for those who like to run with a Hurree


companion. `` very companion. While you are out and about, why not make


yourself useful by downloading the project no application on my recent


Android. This ambitious initiative wants to harness the power of the


crowd to explore and document wildlife in its natural habitat


right across the globe. The project is backed by National Geographic,


using the latest technology to encourage a new generation of nature


lovers to go out and explore the world around them, in the process


the information they collect and be back to the website will play a


really important part in helping conservationists protect global


biodiversity. This Sunday as Advent Sunday. The official start of the


countdown to Christmas. You do not need to celebrate the holiday to


take advantage of Advent 2013, 25 Christmas applications. Download on


your iPhone or android handset to get a top`notch family friendly


application free every day until the 25th of December. And for the


scientist in your life, from the 1st of December, the Royal institution


is running an Advent colander on its website that picks up the theme of


this you's Christmas lecture, life fantastic. It reveals a new video


each day about the chromosomes in our cells and how they make up who


we are. Kate Russell, if you ask nicely, she will give you the


genetic sequence for Christmas pudding. All of her links are


available at our website if you miss them. That's it from the laboratory.


I am off to invent something dangerous. Thank you for watching


and see you next time. December is here. And winter, three


months which for statistical purposes make up meteorological


winter. A quiet start, things will be different by the end of this


week. A quiet start to December and winter because of high pressure


around. Plenty of cloud filtering south over the United Kingdom. If


you enjoyed some sunshine on Saturday, you will not have it but


despite the cloud, it will be mainly dry. For early risers, some drizzly


outbreaks towards western coasts and hills. A few brighter breaks when


the sun is up in eastern Scotland and north`east England.


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