Episode 1 Autumnwatch Unsprung


Episode 1

Informal live discussion show after the main Autumnwatch programme. Join Chris, Michaela and Martin as they delve into autumn's progress. Get involved at bbc.co.uk/autumnwatch.


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Transcript


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Now it is a very minor aspiration of mind to bring a degree of

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sartorial elegance to the world of natural history. I'm afraid on this

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occasion I'm going to have to compromise might ethics because I'm

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really need something is going to make me feel like a host of a

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slightly anarchic programme. Do you know what? I feel and in a plan

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coming out, I could release something from the 70s, something

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really nasty, because this is We are talking about half-an-hour

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of ecological and a key on your television. I have got jacket and a

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keep going on. What do you think? will join in with my sartorial

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twist. I have a special Unsprung slippers. Look at that! On they

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lovely? They are from India. Who have we got in the house? We have

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our audience. Did you enjoy the main show? They have to say that.

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We have got of course, it would not beat Unsprung without it, level-

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headed joke. And of course she is waiting right now for your comments.

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Get in contact. Or just. How do they get in contact? On our Web

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page. You can go to face Buck. will join us as well. Because it is

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later, it is booms. It is booze, not toffee apples. Did you get your

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tooth? It has a hair on it now. doesn't go with your code. Nothing

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goes with that code. Any Questions? Anything coming? We have some

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quick-fire questions. Mike writing Essex. He sent a picture in. --

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Mike Wright in Essex. It is a It has unusual, -- coloration. He

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says it is an aberration. What is it? It appears to have the brown

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colouring that you would expect and the spots. Now, normally you might

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think there would be Scales, those things that give the Butterfly and

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the moth its colouring, can have been knocked off and dislodged.

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Sometimes that makes them look slightly frayed. This is

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symmetrical. The fact the four wings are in good condition means

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this is an aberration. Mike Wright in Essex. I think he probably

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picked it up. No, he didn't. He has been watching butterflies for 50

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years. He is no novice. He knows his stuff. That was spotted in

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August. Has anyone else seen that? No. Would you like another

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question? Terry knows that the Victorians painted kitchen walls

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blue because they thought flies did not like the colour. Is it true? Do

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flies dislike the colour blue? Can they see colour? That is a very

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good question. Interesting. From me, or him? Both of you. Flies have

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very different eyes. They are made of different lenses. What we are

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not sure about with compound eyes is how they actually perceive the

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world. Do they in their brains make that information into one image, or

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do they have hundreds of images that they can process at the same

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time? As for do flies disliked the colour blue, I have absolutely, I'm

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proud to say, I have absolutely no idea. Lots of people have got in

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contact about ladybirds because ladybirds are pouring into our

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homes at this time of year and they say the best way to stop coming the

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minister paint your house purple. Honestly, I have heard that, that

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ladybirds hate the Color Purple. Imagine the Clash, ladies --

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ladybirds and purple. Anyone tried it? Painting the kitchen blue? You

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would have thought someone would have painted that. I wonder if they

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can see blue. He will end up with a purple and blue house. A disaster.

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Other people like purple and white, I like blue and white. There is

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another message. We visited Westonbirt this weekend as well as

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admiring the autumn scene I think I've read that the changing colour

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can deter certain insect attacks. Did I imagine that, or could there

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be something in it? This is one of two series that have been

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postulated to explain why leaves turn red. Because the red colour

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comes from substances called and the signings, which the plants pump

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into the lead before they drop off. There has to be a good reason. Some

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people think it is to prevent the sunlight destroying the chlorophyll,

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others think it is to stop insect pests away. There is some evidence

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to suggest -- there is some evidence to suggest that less

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aphids land on red leaves. It may be the case. Later in the series we

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will address this when we see more read him at Westonbirt. A good

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question, we will get to it in detail later. That was a really

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good answer. He is amazing. He does not see these questions before we

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fire them at him. He needs appreciation. Can we quickly do the

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tea-cosy? What is the Lady's name? Lynne. Lynn, you are amazing. She

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delivers these fabulous, the ceremonial change of tea pot. That

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is the spring and summer one. This is the autumn one. It isn't it

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beautiful? It has a courts. It is gorgeous. I could almost put that

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I can't believe that got a round of applause! Do you have the quizzed

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trade? Let's clear some room. at the toffee apples. These are all

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items which I have collected myself, some of which were secreted under

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my bed in a box many years ago. They are all connected to woodland,

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so the first one is this. You have to identify which BIRT did this

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feather belong to? This is the letter A. You can go on the website

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and tell us the answer. Found in woodland, this is exhibit A. This

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is exhibit become a slightly more Look at the texture of this ward,

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note the absence of something and also look at either end. This was

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found in a British woodland but can only have been found in British

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woodland relatively recently. we ask, don't say. Has anyone any

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ideas about the stick? Yes, we have some bright sparks in the audience

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tonight. I have saved the past -- the best until last. I can tell you

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from the note in my small pot here that these here, item C, are some

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items that I discovered on July 1st, 1984. I found them... What is your

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house like?! It is very ordered! I found them in space side, by a

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lough. They are quite fragile, very precious. Look at that, in space

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side, Scotland, 1984, which is not relevant to be honest. The audience

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are not -- are fascinated. There is a fingernail! This is the further,

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the, the stick, which has been handled by something that could

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only recently have been found in the UK, and some vintage material

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here of great repute from 1984, found in a Scottish woodland.

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Answers on the website. There are photos of people want to check them.

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I think we're going to see a video that has been sending out. Can you

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tell me who has ended in? No, there is silence. Let's look at this,

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Maureen Nichols, thank you for sending this extraordinary bit of

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behaviour, have a look. What is it I am afraid to say it is beating

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bat. It is awful, actually. It is getting dark now. It has discovered

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a source of protein. I think it will destroy the whole colony.

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are smart birds and once they find a source of food they will go back

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to it until they have exhausted it. We could not see, it was quite

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difficult to see, but they are small bats. Perhaps pipistrelle bat.

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They are emerging from a roost. It is nailing them as they come out.

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Have you seen that before? Never mind the Gulf. I am with the bats

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on this one. Have you seen it before? No, never. Other animals to

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catch bats. Cats, unfortunately, will catch them as they come out. I

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have heard reports of sparrowhawks taking them regularly. Sparrowhawks

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often take bats. It is fun to see that, if anyone sees anything like

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that please send it in and let us know about it. You keep talking

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because I want to see what is going on outside. Oh no, I have my lovely

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slippers on. How is it going? going good. This is. This is booze,

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isn't it? Those toffee apples were difficult for my teeth. What have

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we got brewing? One of your great expertise is is making boos. I am

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doing Yarrow beer. This is Yarrow. A lot of gardeners have it. I'm

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also doing and Rosemary beer as well. They are two of my favourite

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beers, delicious. Fantastic. You are blowing them up now. Have we

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got anything we can taste of yours? Weekend to try some autumn flower

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champagne. Autumn flower champagne. This is hedgerow vodka. Has it

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really got vodka in it? Have a taste for stoppages a liqueur. If I

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call it hedge row liqueur. It is a shy little hedgerow vodka or but a

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good traveller. That is strong. Let's go. That is absolutely lovely.

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Delicious. Not too much of it. Quite strong. We will get more

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later. When are we going to have the beer? It will not be ready for

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ages, will it? It will take some time. I'm coming back in a later

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showed to finish the beer. Brilliant, on the telly, have this

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-- have something every year that matures. We will go back to Chris

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and Michaela while we tried these interesting things. I love the way

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he has trashed his slippers. I love the way he has trashed his slippers.

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Ball away from India. Superb. One of the other highlights in

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Autumnwatch is the vast number of photographs that you sent a Flickr

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group. By going to the office, sit down and look through hundreds of

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them because they are really super pictures. Let's look at some of

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What have we got? Richard has sent us this photograph of a hummingbird

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hawk moth. It has tried to drink the nectar and it has got stuck. It

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has pulled off the flower. Look at this. Sometimes they get stuck.

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This prevents the proboscis from disappearing into the moth and it

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will die from Deeo hybrid -- from dehydration. Oh no! The composition

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is unusual but we won't get into the technical details. When it

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comes to photographs we are not snobs. They don't have to be

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beautiful. We want them to be interesting. This is... Ruined! All

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away from India and they are ruined! Sorry. We like your

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photographs if they are interesting, and usual. It is the technical

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excellence, but is not what we are after, we want to see what you have

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got and what you are enjoying in the countryside. I never thought

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you would -- I never thought I would hear you say that. It says it

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in the script here. Frankly I am a terrible photographic snob. There

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is another picture as well, a humming bird picture. A hummingbird

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hawk. You can seek. You can see the pollen. Again, look at the pollen

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on the proboscis here. The whole point of the moth, when this visits

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pollination. It is allowing the plant effectively to move to the

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genes that are present and the pollen. It is another fascinating

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photograph although the composition is a little unusual. CAB I show you

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would Hummingbird photo? No, we can't. They do look exactly like

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hummingbirds. They built around. Wait a minute. Oh dear. What do you

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What do you think of this photo, Chris? In fact, you were there.

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you know, I have managed to expunge that from my mind. One sensible

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thing, these moths are migrants, that come to the UK. Increasing

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numbers are coming. They have even gone as far north as Scotland.

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Butterfly Conservation are doing a survey. You can get the details

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survey. You can get the details from our website, to take part in

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the hummingbird hawk moth survey. We even think there might be

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breeding in this country now. don't know if you two got into this

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story which was in the news a few weeks ago, about those four little

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squirrel orphans. They got caught in a storm, and they were orphaned,

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and there were taken in by a wildlife centre in Northumberland.

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And we kick actually going to speak to someone from there in a minute.

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First, let's have a look at those squirrels, they are so sweet. I

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think they were only about four weeks old when they were brought in.

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So, they have been taken in and looked after, and I think they're

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doing pretty well. It really caught the imagination of the British

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public. It was in the newspapers and everything. And silly Eileen,

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who has been looking after them. We can hear from her now. Can you hear

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us? And we can just about hear you. What have you got on your

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What have you got on your shoulder?! That is my version of a

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parrot. How are they doing? They're doing great. They are really well.

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They are now eating everything I can collect, from hawthorn berries,

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rosehips X Factor. -- rose hips etc. They're very well camouflaged

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against your hair. We can see one of them on your neck, but where are

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the other three? There is one over here. That's amazing. Can I just

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tell you that we have had them out for an hour to try and calm them

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down. It has so worked! Obviously, you have looked after them really

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well, they're doing great, but what is going to happen to them?

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plan is that they're to young to release, being hand reared, as they

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are, so they need to have what we call a soft release. The plan is

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that they were going to a pen for the winter, where they will be fed

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and looked after. Over the winter... LAUGHTER there will be fed and

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looked after in a red squirrel area. Then in late spring, when there is

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a plentiful supply of food, we will open the door and allow them to

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come or go as they please. But there will still be food put out

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for them every day. Eventually, off they will go. You have got a good

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red squirrel population near to where you are. We have a lot of

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squirrels in Northumberland. He's trying to bury a nut down my back.

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Sounds painful. Thank you so much for joining us this evening. Good

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luck with them, I hope they have huge success as they go forward

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into surviving in the wild. anybody noticed that her hair

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matched the squirrels? Beautifully, I could hardly see the squirrels.

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She has gone now, it is OK. Sticking with squirrels, I have got

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a real treat for you. We have got a little orphan squirrel in the

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studio. Christine, bring it in. This is not a red squirrel. Just

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take a look at this little cutie. It is an albino grey squirrel. It

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is so sweet. I have never seen one of these before. Have you ever seen

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one of these before at your rescue centre? No, this is the first one

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we have come across. He got beaten up, didn't he? Yes, he was found by

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a lady in a graveyard. He had been beaten up by other grey squirrels,

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because he looks different. And also, he had a bit of dried blood

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around his nose. We think because of his eyesight not being so good

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that he may have misjudged his jump from a tree. I did not know that,

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so, albinos do not have very good eyesight? No, and also their

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hearing can be affected. How old is he? About three months. He had some

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bottle-feeding when he first came in. He's still being topped up as a

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treat at the moment. But he still likes his nuts and everything.

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will happen to him? We are not 100% sure yet. At the moment they're

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going to give him a cheque at the vet's. If he can be viable in the

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wild, then he might be able to go back into a population with other

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albinos. We think there is a population around the Havant area

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of albinos. I have seen them in Waterlooville, relatively close to

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Havant. They appear for a couple of years, and then disappear. And then

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a couple of years later, they appear again. Obviously, the genes

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are in the population. Thank you so Jo, anyone getting in on the quiz?

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Yes, a few people have got it right. Nearly 300 entries. Shall I tell

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you who got it right? The first three were Craig, Janika. This was

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the easiest of all of them, I thought, this feather, it was from

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a tawny owl. This one is a bit more difficult, the stick, but the park

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had been removed, you can see some teeth marks, and also some clean

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teeth marks here, this has been handled by a be for. -- beaver.

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This lady seems to know a lot... it vegetable or animal? It is

:24:09.:24:13.

vegetable that has been processed by an animal. It must be one of

:24:13.:24:23.
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your Specials, then. Possibly pine Marten? No. Anyone else? This fine

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specimen is actually the excrement that has been produced by Kate

:24:31.:24:34.

Bekele, the large grass species which lives in the Caledonian

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forest. -- caper caillie. It produces deposits like this. And

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you can see little bits of pine needle in there. And that has been

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in your house since 1984. certainly has, I have got a whole

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collection of these sorts of things. If you want to pop round, I know

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you have been round before, but you should have said, I want to see

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your poo. You told me you once had a hornets nest in your bedroom.

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one point I had five active wasps' nest so on coat-hangers, so I could

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move them around and put them where I wanted. Did you have a girlfriend

:25:27.:25:33.

at this time? Well, of a sort, yes. Can I just say, he had a bunch of

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Queens in his bedroom. We have had some questions coming in. Andy has

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had a grey squirrel on the golf course, burying his nuts. And what

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about this weekend? We have got quite a few things to do. I will go

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over to the map. We have near Newport, a RSPB reserve. But you

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need to contact them before you go. On Sunday, there is a nature

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reserve in Hertfordshire which has got a Wildlife Watch. And there are

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plenty more events on our things to do website. You can search by

:26:26.:26:33.

postcode. It will find events near you. As we know, Sunday is going to

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be a better day, weather-wise. And so that would be a good thing to go

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to. Very important, but your voles boot some, most important of all,

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take the kids. Take your grandchildren. If you have not got

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grandchildren, grab some off the street. It is essential that we get

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young people back in touch with wildlife. I cannot believe you have

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got that jacket on still. I forgot I had it on. I have got some

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questions here, this one - what is going on here? Does the buzzard

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just have a very large crop, or could it be something else? It is a

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buzzard, and it has got a very large crop. That's what I just said.

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I'm sorry. Are you planning on staying? The thing is, obviously,

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if a bird gorges a WRAP tour, like this, it has worked long and hard

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to get the food, it will eat until basically it cannot eat any more,

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so it is not unusual to see them like this. However, they can get

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diseases which caused a gaseous build-up, and they can swell up out

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of proportion. This one is particularly large. How does that

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gas come out, then? Do you have to ask that? Seriously, it can be a

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fatal disease. It is one of the symptoms of the disease. I had a

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kestrel once which had this fungal infection of the gut, and sadly, it

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killed my little kestrel, and this was one of the symptoms.

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chickens are currently eating cabbage. When I go into the run to

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collect the eggs, oh, my Lord. Listen, we have really come to the

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end of Autumnwatch Unsprung, but can we bring in Andy, because I

:28:44.:28:47.

Autumnwatch Unsprung returns with more light hearted post-show analysis, nature quizzes, special guests and audience-led discussions and debates.

Join Chris, Michaela and Martin as they answer your questions, take a look at your photos and videos, and delve into more in-depth analysis on autumn's progress. Post your questions for the team and get involved at bbc.co.uk/autumnwatch.


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