Episode 2 Autumnwatch Unsprung

Episode 2

Similar Content

Browse content similar to Episode 2. Check below for episodes and series from the same categories and more!



Tired, jaded, under the weather? Let Dr Martin help you. I prescribe


a dose of war, neat, uncluttered We have got level-headed Joe, our


producer. You can get in contact with her right now. We have got a


fabulous audience. And we have got a friend or a Autumnwatch Unsprung,


Maya Plass. What on earth was that music, made? It was a disaster!


We have got to apologise. Why is it always made it has to apologise.


Last week, I made a mistake. Well, I didn't, who was it? We said that


a wild boar could produce 100 piglets in her lifetime. But


apparently that is complete rubbish. In fact, she can produce between 20


and 36. Another thing we did do last week was to throw out to the


audience an invitation to tell us what you think about the wild boar


controversy. We showed a film of They are an animal that would at


some stage need management because they are at the top of the food


chain. Martin, what you think? have lost the piece of paper it is


written on. We had very emotional responses, as you would expect, and


some responses from abroad. Berlin, wild boar have moved right


into the heart of the city, and I have seen photographs of people


waiting at a bus-stop with the animals routine over the Virgin


front of them. Are you serious? they live alongside them. Last week


we had Caspar. He is the albino squirrel. Let's have another look


at him. No, we don't have that. It is all going tremendously well,


isn't it? Oh, here he comes. Their ears. That has motivated you, the


audience, to send in all sorts of albino animals. Have a look at


Oh, no, they are the badgers. This is from Martyn and Sue Wisbey. Here


is a blackbird with a white head from Roger Brown. And perhaps most


curious of all, and meadow brown, but it is white.


One of the theories is that this is the result of a parasite that has


got into the developing larvae of the butterfly. Where are becoming


surrounded! They are ganging up on us. During the pupa stage, that is


when the butterfly's colours are being put into the wings. They have


little scales, and the blood is pumped through these, and it


carries the pigment. After all of the raid is gone, it fills up those


it is meant to, and they seal. Through the process, each of these


things are filled. They dry out and fold into the scales we see on the


butterfly. One idea for these aberrations is that while this is


in progress during metamorphoses, a parasite has disrupted the


distribution of pigment into these little sacks that become cells. It


is still symmetrical, you say. it looked healthy. Yes, but it was


sticking out like a sore thumb. The meadow brown is Brown for a reason.


What about the White Badger's? think those weren't albino badgers.


Albino badgers are actually very very rare. I think they are


actually arithmetic. That is an animal with a reduced amount of


melanin in its skin. You could see the strides if you look carefully.


And we had a lot of pictures of white animals sent to us. You know


how we have... De you have more to say? No, I am waiting for you!


always have a live animal and the studio - well, today, we have 50.


We have a rock pool. Hannah is from the National Marine aquarium in


Plymouth. This is fabulous. Have we really got 50 creatures in there?


think it might be even more than that. This is a pretty unusual rock


pool. This is something you wouldn't see in every rock pool.


And this is all stuff we can see in this country? Absolutely. We will


have a closer look at what is in here, and we are very much looking


forward to it. You might have your own quiz, but we will have a quiz


for you. We like this one. This week, are quizzes in the form of a


map. We want you to identify which creatures use these pathways to


migrate. Creature any moves from the extreme north down to the UK.


This one here moves around the seas of the UK, but then goes to the


Atlantic Ocean. The last one goes in the reverse direction, starts


around the Caribbean, goes across to West Africa and then comes up


into the waters around the UK. And lastly this one, it originates


around the UK and then his travelling down around the coast of


Europe and West Africa and then diverting right across here to


South America off the coast of Send your answers in. This is quite


a difficult one. I will be surprised if everyone gets this.


The last one is tricky. Has anyone got it yet? Give us some questions,


Michaela. This is a sweet question, handwritten on a piece of paper.


This is Finley Whales, we're doing this first because he might have to


go to bed soon. He sent us this: Why do some of my acorns look like


this? My six-year-old asked me the same thing the other day when we


went for a walk. I would say that that is caused by a wasp. Thank


goodness for your son! This is where a wasp aid has been laid


inside, and the egg and the La they modify the plant tissue to make it


more a double and at the same time to make it grow so that it better


protect them. These wasps are, and they lay their eggs into all sorts


of plant material. Sometimes there can be so many of them that


virtually every acorn on the tree has been turned into one of these.


How many little Wasps would be in there? Normally just one, although


in some instances, maybe more. It looks like to have grown either


side of the Acorn. -- two have grown. This was a fabulous question


from a nine-year-old, so thank you Now, we have some people who will


ask us questions on the video. We have got the group of the week from


the Cotswolds, who will personally Can you think of an ass question?


We other keepers at the Cotswold Wildlife Park. My Name is Hanna.


Where on a moth is the Johnston's organ found, and what is it for?


am Chris, and my question is when does an invasive species have


become classified as a native species. I was going to do my David


Attenborough voice, but I don't think I will. With tawny owls,


which one says twit and which once I have those questions here. What


is the Johnston's organ, and where is it on a moth? Isn't it on any?


On their lead? Oh, you will know, Chris. I think it is on the antenna.


It orientate them, like our inner ear. It is for balance. I think it


is a balance organ. But there is something else on the leg. I think


it is to do with sense of smell. You are thinking of the Jacobson


has organ in the roof of a snake. am! From Chris, when does an


invasive species become a native one. This is so difficult. Everyone


loves little owls. There is a perfect example, invasive species.


Grey squirrels. There was a white one on the screen a moment ago.


That is an adaptive evolutionary step, if they all became white we


would love them! Horse chestnut is an invasive species, and we love


them. You're avoiding answering the question. We normally sane native


when the land bridge between the UK and Europe closed, because that was


the last point at which mammals could crossover so most of the


purists use that. But harvest mice, brown hares, in fact 48% of our


terrestrial mammals, if you use that as the native., are not native.


Where have you suddenly pulled that fact from? It is incredible. From


Debbie, tawny owls, which one does twit? And which one says whom?


think it is the males and the females. Yes, it is a duet, and


they do it so quickly, you think it is one of bird, but it is two.


That explains the coat! She was kept away as they are sorting out


their territories. We are going to test you now, aren't we? Is Mia


there? Here she comes. A couple of boring


ied ems for you there. -- items for you there. These are


my boring items. These two here. You are looking distracted already!


These are the boring ones, you see. We are looking at the creatures


which have made these holes. There is an animal which bores into


wood. When I have seen pidit holes they are a nuisance. They bore into


them. It will be something like that.


Similar. You are close. It is a ship-worm. It is not a worm. It is


actually a type of shell that goes in and uses its foot to attach


itself and make all those holes. Presumably in the past that did


damage to wooden ships. That is why they used to put cooper plates


under ships. They would do that to stop these things from eating all


the wood. So.... Almost got you on that one.


This is another boring animal. not a dog well. That would be one


hole. This is a boring sponge. You can dissolve it into a mineral acid,


which will leave the little bits that are used to make the holes.


You can find them left over in acid and put them under a microscope.


You think of them as filtering animals. This is an especially


interesting one. May I guess at this one? You can.


This is an arris tottal's lat tern. It is the mouth part of an octopus.


Sea our chin. -- urchin.


That would have been inside. That is the right side. That is the


mouth area and that is the bottom. So, this is, this dental apparatus


sits inside. If you are lucky and go to an aquarium you may see them.


They scrape the algae off. It is an amazing piece of dental apparatus.


I was sorry for our chins. That hole in the top there is its bottom.


I just want you to imagine what The last one here. When you hold it


you are never supposed to make a mistake. Is that an old wife's


tale? That is symmetrical. Do you know what it is, Martin?


it a tooth. A grinding tooth of a ray. I think it's a grinding tooth


of a ray or a skaet. I would have said a -- skate.


It is a grinding tooth of something. You are close. It is the throat


teeth. It is something which the fishermen would have used as a good


luck talisman. Sometimes they are silver-coated. So it is the teeth


in the middle there. What do they use them for?


It has been a pleasure. I have learnt things. That is what it's


all about. How could you possibly know that answer? The answer to


that? You need to come with me now. We need to go to our live animals


in the rock pool. Sorry, audience. We are moving you around a bit.


Show me something fascinating. is hard to pick anything out. This,


you might well recognise as one of these, it is a mermaid's purse.


Here you can see, if I shine the light. You can see something moving.


That is fantastic. Inside, like a chicken egg, you have the yolk at


the bottom. You can see this, they used to be dog fish, now they are


cat sharks. You can see it wriggling around. I have seen lots


like this. It is unusual to see them like this. What about this?


That is a snake lock. You can see around the coast of Britain. These


are great to see. One thing about rock pooling is you can use all


your senses. When you touch it feels sticky. That is firing


stinging cells at you. Trying to catch you and pulling you into its


mouth. It uses its mouth as its bottom and releases sperm and eggs


from there as well. Imagine if we did that!


What a horrible thought! We have shrimps and prawns here and crabs.


That is always a great one to get children to do, is find as many


different species of crabs. We have her mit crabs in here. We have one


isolated crab in there. Why is she in there? She is nasty. These are


called the devil crab. They have bright red eyes. If I were to put


my hand in there, she would put her claws up and try and get me.


Where is the best place to take your kids to do this rockpooling?


The beach, more than the woodland! Surprisingly. There r there any top


spots? You want somewhere with a rocky sub strait to it and ask


locally. Make sure you get a spring tide. When the moon is full or new


you will see the most species. are not supposed to use a net.


advise not to. If you are digging around with a net it is destructive.


If you are digging around with your hands and a bucket to examine


things and then put them back where you found them is better than using


a net. It is good, to keep your kids interested to take an


identification kit so they know what they are looking at.


Get them to take a notebook to do drawings and identify them when


they get home and look before you go out so you can help identify


them together. It is an amazing thing to get ure kids to do. Our


big kids will do it, as in Chris and Martin. They are going


rockpooling next week. We are. If you are out and about


rockpooling, send us your photos. We would love to see them. A live


rock pool in the studio. What will we have next week, I wonder!


There's a rockpooling guide on the web if you log on to it in fact. We


must answer the quiz questions. Jo, did anyone get it right? A few


people did. My favourite answer was from Luke. He thought A, it could


be Santa Claus. Shall we ask the audience? What do


you think A was? It is moving to the north of England and Scotland.


Any answer? Geese.


Barnacle geese. Ba creature to and from a


mysterious place in the Atlantic here. It is in the water, quite


clearly. Eels. That is correct.


C, is a creature move from the Caribbean area and coming up into


the cooler waters of Europe. This was the tricky one. Anyone here?


Turtles. Who said that? It's a leatherback turtle. The last one is


a bird which is move from here, around the UK, it's going down the


coast of Africa and to Argentina. It is the one and only?


Storm petrol. Close.


It's the Manx shearwater. Who got it right? Let's


Good going. Round of applause for them.


That was tricky, wasn't it? Are we doing marine questions next? We can


give these to you. Question one, do you want to do that, tree sparrow.


Have you any idea what this marine skull is? It looks like a beak of


some sort and found on a beach in Northumberland earlier this year.


You have a ruler there to show you the scale.


It is a bird. Looks like the ster number. The -- sternum.


If If you flicked it up you would recognise it. It looks like that of


a large bird, a goes or a gar net, something like that.


The one got in touch via Facebook. "I didn't realise about the amount


of jellyfish we have around the UK. How many are there? What is the


most dangerous domestic one and any nasty visitors?" We had one nasty


one, the Portuguese man-of-war. It is not a jellyfish. We have a


picture of it. Bring it on. Look at that!


So, that is a one. One is the stinging bit and one is the


digesting bit. It is confusing. It is strange. It


is not quite a jellyfish. This sting is nasty. It is beautiful. I


had one in a tank one. The tentals go down and spring back up. A woman


keeping a man-of-war. My daughter had it in a bucket swinging besides


her. This is a massive jellyfish here.


These are moon jellyfish. This is a smack of jellyfish.


That's brilliant. If you get stung by them it feels


like you are being smacked. They congregate. The males and females


have to be together. Do we have more questions? Shall we


find out what's going on this weekend? Jo, can you tell us....


I'll go over to the map. Tell us what people can join in with.


open weekend at near Scunthorpe. No need to book. People can turn up.


On Sunday, you have to get up early. 8.30am, a guided migration walk at


Gibbs Point near -- at gibbral ta Point near stegness.


It really is, as I said earlier, if you want to see the stall mon


migration, a great time to see it and the bird migration. It will be


a great Saturday for migrating birds. Get out and about.


I have found this question. Positive. This is from T, wild boar


and I would love to see them introduced in all protected forests.


In a world we are losing so many wild animals we should embrace the


ones we have. Roy, on the other side said wild boar need to be


controlled or we'll have the same problem they have in Scotland with


the dear population. A hot debate - - deer population. A hot debate.


is a creature we've got to learn to live with. I would like to see boar


and the predators back. We'll be back next week.


Download Subtitles