Mon, 10 Apr 2017 Ffermio


Mon, 10 Apr 2017

Bydd Alun yn gweld sut mae diffyg cyflymdra'r we yn effeithio ar fusnesau gwledig a bydd Meinir ym Mart Caerfyrddin. Alun looks at how slow internet speed affects rural businesses.


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Transcript


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-Every business needs

-a fast connection to the Internet...

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-..but it's one of the factors...

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-..stopping

-rural businesses flourishing.

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-Is the Welsh Government

-doing enough to solve the problem?

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-Also on the programme,

-sheep being killed by dogs...

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-..and its effect

-on farming businesses.

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-What laws relate to this?

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-This is a huge problem.

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-There are around 100 incidents

-in North Wales every year.

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-Sheep are being killed,

-sheep are being injured.

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-It's a major problem.

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-After a mild March, we look at how

-weather affects farming patterns.

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-As we search

-for new markets post-Brexit...

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-..it's more important than ever to

-have a strong Internet connection.

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-What's the situation right now?

-Alun discovers more.

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-At a time when farmers

-are under pressure...

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-..to make their businesses

-more efficient...

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-..a reliable Internet connection

-is crucial.

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-It's needed to promote business

-and to trade each day.

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-Until recently, the main problem

-was upload and download speeds.

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-In 2012, the Welsh Government...

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-..awarded

-the Superfast Cymru contract...

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-..to BT.

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-The scheme would improve speeds

-to 24mbps or more...

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-..by introducing fibre broadband

-to 96% of the country.

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-Has this been achieved?

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-Julie James is the

-Minister for Skills and Science.

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-By the end of the programme...

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-..we'll have 690,000 premises

-in Wales...

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-..that will have 30meg or over

-download speeds...

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-..and another 20,000

-will have between 24 and 30.

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-This particular programme was always

-intended to get to 96% of premises.

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-It's achieved

-what it intended to do.

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-It's for us to get to the next 4%.

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-The contract is coming to an end.

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-Presumably, the plan was

-for the job to be done by then.

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-There's 5-10%,

-depending on who you listen to...

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-..that are still waiting.

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-Are those in the countryside?

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-The programme is in the countryside

-- it's a market intervention.

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-We can't go anywhere where

-our commercial operator will go.

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-It's no surprise

-that commercial operators...

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-..want to go to

-high-population density areas.

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-This programme is all

-in the rural area of Wales.

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-Without us, whole counties

-wouldn't have any superfast.

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-Ceredigion and Gwynedd

-had no commercial roll-out.

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-Despite all the efforts

-of the Welsh Government...

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-..the success

-isn't celebrated everywhere.

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-Many are still without

-sufficient speed.

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-Seven of the ten slowest areas

-in the UK are here in Wales.

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-With equipment and machinery

-becoming more complex...

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-..dairy farmers need a broadband

-connection to run milk parlours.

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-Dafydd and Linda Morris

-from Llanrhystud...

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-..have invested in their farm but

-they have no fast broadband access.

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-With the robots, you need updates

-and these come from Holland.

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-We can also incorporate TeamViewer.

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-If something breaks down...

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-..our suppliers can have

-remote access to repair it.

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-We need a download speed of 1.7.

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-That's not very fast.

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-It's very slow

-but when we started, it was 0.03...

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-..so it was very, very slow.

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-A local lad wanted

-work experience...

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-..before heading

-to an agricultural college.

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-He said we'd need 4G

-through an aerial.

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-We'd pay for a sim card every month

-on a contract of 24 months.

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-That's over 700 just to get

-enough of an Internet connection...

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-..for the robots.

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-If we had fibre optic, we wouldn't

-need this additional cost.

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-Tell us about that pole.

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-It's reached the pole!

-It arrived a week and a half ago.

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-I saw them change the poles.

-Fibre has reached here.

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-We're not sure

-when it will be accessible.

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-Agriculture isn't

-the only industry suffering.

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-Businesses relying on tourism

-also have problems.

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-One company which relies on the

-Internet is Dioni holiday agency.

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-Their office

-is in the Ardudwy Valley.

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-We employ four local girls,

-all working from home.

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-We use Skype to communicate.

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-We had 1.2m bookings last year.

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-There are over 130 cottages

-on the website.

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-How important is fast broadband

-for a company in rural Wales?

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-It's crucial -

-this is how we promote the business.

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-We don't publish any brochures.

-Everything is online.

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-Technically, how do you get

-the broadband connection here...

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-..and how much do you pay for it?

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-They've rolled out the fibre

-to the cabinet in the village.

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-There's fibre in the cabinet

-and it's improved matters...

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-..but not as much as I'd hoped for.

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-I get 9meg of download.

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-What hurts us is the upload -

-0.3meg is our upload speed.

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-That does pose a few problems.

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-Can you solve that problem at all?

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-It's not easy in a rural area

-like this.

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-It is difficult but it would be

-nice to lead the way for once...

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-..instead of trying to catch up

-with everyone else.

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-The companies I compete with,

-they have an advantage over me.

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-They upload their videos in no time.

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-I have to work hard and pedal harder

-just to keep up with them.

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-Under the UK Government's scheme...

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-..everyone has a right to a speed

-of 10 megabits per second by 2020.

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-Ofcom regulates the service

-across the country.

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-They recently fined BT 42m

-for failing to reach the target...

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-..of providing

-enough high speed broadband.

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-They also insisted that BT

-and Openreach be managed separately.

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-Rhodri Williams

-is the director of Ofcom in Wales.

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-We believe that the changes we've

-introduced, and BT have accepted...

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-..will guarantee improvements in

-the service provided by Openreach.

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-Openreach will be a separate company

-with independent directors.

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-They won't be answerable

-to the Chief Executive of BT.

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-They'll be answerable

-to the industry as a whole.

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-By the time we finish, the

-percentage of Welsh properties...

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-..which have superfast broadband,

-300 megabits a second...

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-..there will be more of it in Wales

-than in the rest of the UK.

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-There's an irony there

-at the end of the day...

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-..but we have to wait longer

-to get it.

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-Time will tell if the provision

-of fast broadband...

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-..will improve in rural areas...

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-..but with all the uncertainty

-in the industry...

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-..it's crucial that we have

-the resources to compete...

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-..with the rest of country

-as we reach out to the world...

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-..to sell our produce

-and manage our businesses.

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-It's packed here in Carmarthen Mart.

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-Over 250 cattle and 600 calves

-are being sold...

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-..but with so much selling

-and buying...

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-..it's not all good news

-for the dairy industry.

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-According to recent figures, profits

-are at their lowest for 13 years.

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-The figures provided

-by the Welsh Government...

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-..are based on a survey of farming

-businesses between 2016 and 2017.

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-It shows that dairy farm profits

-have decreased by 25%...

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-..while beef and sheep farm profits

-have increased.

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-What's the response of the unions?

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-The price of milk

-has been low for two years.

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-It comes as no shock

-that dairy profits are down 25%.

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-That's true around the world.

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-It's important to recognise

-that this will happen from now on.

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-We have volatility, especially in

-the dairy sector, and other sectors.

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-We need a system that helps us

-through the volatility.

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-It will happen again.

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-It's no surprise that profits

-are down considerably...

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-..over the past two years.

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-The price of milk plummeted. Some

-of us have seen the price halved.

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-How are things now?

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-How are things now?

-

-The situation has improved.

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-Prices have returned to 25p

-per litre, up to 30p for some.

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-There has been an improvement.

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-I hope we can maintain these prices.

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-We don't want peaks and troughs

-where the price fluctuates so much.

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-We can't sustain a business

-like that.

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-The dairy industry

-has had difficult times.

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-Have lessons been learnt?

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-Have lessons been learnt?

-

-With what's happened...

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-..the milk price went so low, people

-lost confidence in investment.

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-If we're going to invest

-going forward...

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-..we need the guarantee

-of a good price for a year or two.

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-Fluctuations won't help

-with investment.

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-We need a system that ensures people

-are moving in the right direction.

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-That's what's important for us.

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-How can farmers make sure

-this won't happen again?

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-Well...

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-..it's too late for us

-as an industry to work together.

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-As an industry,

-we're dispersed as dairy farmers...

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-..with so many interests

-working against each other.

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-That debate has been knocked

-on its head a long time ago.

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-It's up to the individuals

-to look at their business...

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-..and find some stability.

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-They shouldn't expand too much.

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-That's the main problem -

-we see too many cattle imports...

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-..and that's no better than

-buying milk from Europe or Ireland.

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-People must consider what they're

-doing before acting unwisely.

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-That's it for Part 1.

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-Dogs killing sheep and

-the effect of the weather in Part 2.

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-Stay right where you are.

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-.

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-Subtitles

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-Subtitles

-

-Subtitles

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-The Easter holidays

-are fast approaching.

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-More people will visit rural areas

-to walk with their dogs.

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-This can create problems

-for farmers.

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-Porth Yr Hirfaen farm,

-Morfa Bychan, Porthmadog...

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-..is home to Twm and Rhian Hughes.

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-They keep 500 sheep

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-They have a problem here.

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-Dogs. Dogs not on a lead

-which attack their sheep.

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-How many attacks have there been

-on your sheep by dogs?

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-There have been four or five

-in the past two years.

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-There were two a month ago,

-at the beginning of February.

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-The injuries were horrific.

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-There was no flesh left

-on their faces.

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-They were still standing...

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-..but we had to slaughter them.

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-18 months ago, a sheep

-which had a lamb was attacked.

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-The injuries she suffered

-were horrific.

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-The skin hung off her.

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-We took her to the vet's...

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-..hoping she could be stitched

-back together but there was no hope.

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-The injuries were too severe.

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-Do you think dog owners

-have too many rights?

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-Some of them think they have rights.

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-We only ask them for two things.

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-Close the gates after you

-and keep your dog on a lead.

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-There are signs up.

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-People pull them down.

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-We ask people to put their dog

-on a lead and they refuse.

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-According to

-the NFU Mutual's statistics...

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-..there was an increase in insurance

-claims following dog attacks...

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-..on stock from 18,000 in 2015...

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-..to 27,000 in 2016.

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-What rights do farmers have?

-How can they safeguard their stock?

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-This is a huge problem.

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-There are around 100 incidents

-in North Wales every year.

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-Sheep are being killed,

-sheep are being injured.

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-It's a major problem.

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-We had five incidents

-in North Wales last weekend.

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-Sheep died in each incident.

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-It is a major problem.

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-What exactly happens, Dewi?

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-Usually, a dog escapes from the

-garden when the owner is in work.

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-The dog attacks the animals

-in the field and then returns home.

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-Often the owner

-knows nothing about it.

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-Also,

-people take their dogs for walks.

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-They slip off their lead

-or they're released...

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-..and they attack the animals.

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-We're trying to educate

-the dog owners, not the farmers.

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-They have the responsibility

-of a dog.

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-If you own a dog,

-a responsibility comes with it.

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-If your dog is in a field

-with sheep, chasing the sheep...

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-..the farmer has a right

-to shoot the dog.

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-Seeing a sheep after an attack...

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-..is heart-breaking.

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-People aren't prosecuted

-sufficiently.

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-They won't put their dog

-on the lead...

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-..because they don't think their dog

-will chase or attack sheep.

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-People do need to take

-their dogs for walks, Twm.

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-That's true, but if they put them

-on a lead, they'd be OK.

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-I don't have a problem with that.

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-Once they come this way,

-they release the dog and it's gone.

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-How are we going to

-educate these people?

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-If they're walking on land

-with sheep and lambs...

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-..just put your dog on a lead -

-that's what I don't understand.

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-The forecast for the economy

-doesn't look that favourable...

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-..but the weather

-has been kind to us.

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-70 years ago, the story was

-very different. Daloni has more.

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-The snow of 1947 is mythical.

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-It snowed heavily

-for 55 consecutive days.

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-Many farms were completely isolated.

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-Roland Jones, Ty'n Llwyfan,

-Llanfairfechan, remembers that time.

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-I was a young lad

-of 10, 11 years old.

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-I have a strong recollection of it.

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-Yes, my father was very worried

-at the time.

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-They were chaffing.

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-It was a very difficult time

-for all concerned. Yes indeed.

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-The roads were all closed. We were

-isolated, we couldn't do a thing.

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-We could only wait for the council

-workers to come and open them.

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-How deep was the snow?

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-About 15ft. Sheep had suffocated.

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-How many sheep did you lose?

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-During my father's time,

-I'd say he probably lost 70, 80.

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-Really?

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-Really?

-

-At that time.

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-It was a huge blow for him.

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-How did the great snow

-affect you as a family?

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-It really affected my father.

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-Yes.

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-Yes.

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-Such a pity.

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-It was a hard time.

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-This is rough terrain.

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-Yes, it can be cruel up here

-at times but there are good times.

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-We've had heavy snow since 1947...

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-..in '63, '82

-and more recently, in 2013.

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-The snow affected Ty'n Llwyfan

-then too.

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-One who remembers is Roland's son,

-Gareth Wyn Jones.

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-Where we are here,

-in Llanfairfechan...

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-..the Carneddau are behind us,

-27,000 acres.

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-The drifting snow

-came through this valley.

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-Through this valley

-and the next, Llys y Gwynt.

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-Local farmers

-lost hundreds of sheep overnight.

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-It was a very difficult time,

-Daloni.

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-I'm a positive person...

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-..as you know.

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-It's difficult, when you suffer

-losses like that, to see positives.

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-As you see it now,

-covered in lush green grass...

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-..there's a huge difference.

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-This time four years ago,

-we were surrounded by snow.

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-I was searching for sheep every day.

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-We come through it,

-we get over it...

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-..we learn something

-and it makes you respect nature...

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-..the weather

-and what we deal with every day.

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-One thing sticks in my mind.

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-The day we buried the ponies,

-I came down that night...

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-..and I'm usually in high spirits...

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-..but I was down in the dumps

-when I passed Dad's house.

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-He knocked on the window

-and beckoned me in.

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-He said, "Sit there and have

-a whisky. You're not yourself."

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-He sat me down and said,

-"This has happened for a reason.

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-"Ponies have wandered free on the

-mountains for thousands of years.

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-"What you'll see is the weakest

-and the oldest will die."

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-Do you know what?

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-The following autumn,

-we rounded up the ponies...

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-..and I can't remember seeing

-so many strong ponies before.

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-Nature has a way

-of regaining its balance.

0:20:570:21:01

-It's not nice, I wouldn't

-want to see it happen again...

0:21:010:21:05

-..but in your mind, you believe

-it's the survival of the fittest.

0:21:050:21:09

-It's the survival of the fittest

-for the farmers up here sometimes.

0:21:090:21:14

-There are plenty of old sayings

-for the weather.

0:21:190:21:22

-Warm January, cold May.

0:21:230:21:25

-Whatever comes in May

-will come in summer.

0:21:250:21:28

-Naturalist Twm Elias

-has a keen interest in the weather.

0:21:280:21:33

-There are weather signs

-in the clouds and wind direction.

0:21:340:21:38

-There are also seasonal indicators.

0:21:380:21:41

-At this time of year,

-the equinox has just passed...

0:21:410:21:44

-..when the length

-of day and night are the same.

0:21:440:21:49

-When the equinox is here...

0:21:490:21:51

-..the weather will stay the same

-for the next month.

0:21:510:21:56

-This time, around March and April...

0:21:560:22:01

-..March kills, April skins.

0:22:030:22:06

-A mild May to sell the skins.

0:22:060:22:09

-It shows the uncertainty.

-It is quite cold at the moment.

0:22:100:22:14

-They're very interesting sayings.

0:22:150:22:18

-At home on the Llyn Peninsula...

0:22:250:22:28

-..if we see the mountains of Wicklow

-it will rain within three days.

0:22:280:22:33

-So far, it's been true every time.

0:22:330:22:35

-It's the changing weather, sometimes

-it's nice, sometimes it rains.

0:22:360:22:40

-Every area has an indicator

-for the weather.

0:22:410:22:44

-Head on the block, Twm, what will

-spring and summer be like this year?

0:22:450:22:51

-Hallelujah, hallelujah.

0:22:510:22:53

-The indicators we'll have over the

-next few days are usually correct...

0:22:530:23:00

-..if you follow the clouds

-and the wind direction.

0:23:000:23:04

-Those who forecast the weather

-in the long term are romanticists.

0:23:050:23:10

-The sayings are often more important

-than the accuracy.

0:23:110:23:17

-Only a fool predicts

-too far into the future.

0:23:170:23:21

-Can we live in hope?

0:23:210:23:22

-You must live in hope

-whatever your circumstances.

0:23:230:23:26

-That's all for this week

-from Carmarthen Mart.

0:23:310:23:34

-Thanks for your company. Cheerio!

0:23:340:23:37

-S4C Subtitles by Adnod Cyf.

0:23:540:23:56

-.

0:23:570:23:57

Bydd Alun yn gweld sut mae diffyg cyflymdra'r we yn effeithio ar fusnesau gwledig a bydd Meinir ym Mart Caerfyrddin. Alun looks at how slow internet speed affects rural businesses.


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