Mon, 17 Apr 2017 Ffermio


Mon, 17 Apr 2017

Bydd Alun yng nghwmni Elan Davies ar Fferm Mynydd Gorddu ger Talybont sydd ynghanol y tymor wyna. Alun meets Elan Davies at Mynydd Gorddu Farm near Talybont where they are busy ...


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-In tonight's programme,

-diversification...

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-..an award for one dairy farmer

-despite problems for the industry...

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-..and science giving

-sheep farming a helping hand.

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-Meinir meets the NFU Cymru's

-Dairy Stockman of the Year.

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-I'm happy with how the business has

-turned out in the past five years.

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-We started with nothing and

-invested all our money in cattle.

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-We now have a herd

-of around 200 cattle.

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-On Anglesey, one farmer is trying

-to turn water into money.

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-The lambing season

-is about to end for many farmers.

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-It's a time to welcome new life

-but it can be quite a challenge.

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-This week, Alun is in Talybont

-near Aberystwyth...

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-..meeting a shepherd

-who works for a company...

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-..that tries to make life easier

-for farmers.

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-Gorddu Farm is the home of Innovis.

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-Elan Davies

-is a breeding technician here.

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-She's in the middle

-of the lambing season.

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-It's an important time for us here,

-lambing time.

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-We lamb outside,

-the lamb shed is empty...

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-..and everything happens outside.

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-We do check them from time to time

-in case there are any problems.

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-If they're coping on their own,

-we leave them alone.

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-That's what you're trying to do

-on behalf of the whole industry.

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-We're trying to make life easier.

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-We're trying to produce sheep

-that can look after themselves...

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-..to save the farmer

-looking after them.

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-We're making life easier

-for the farmer.

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-The grass is in good shape.

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-Did you keep them away from

-these fields until lambing began?

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-We plant about 35 acres of swedes

-every year.

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-The twin and triplet sheep were

-in those fields until early March.

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-We then brought them

-to these fields for lambing.

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-When they get here,

-they're ready for lambing.

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-You don't interfere

-with the sheep and the lambs now.

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-Years ago, when you made a record...

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-..you had to make a mark

-the sheep and the lamb...

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-..and tag the lamb when it was born.

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-Does that not happen now?

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-I've worked with Innovis

-for 18 months.

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-Up until five years ago, you had

-to link the lamb to the sheep.

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-At every birth, you'd tag the sheep

-and link it to the mother.

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-You could trace

-the family tree like that.

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-We leave them alone

-at the lambing stage now...

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-..and bring them in

-when they're four weeks old.

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-We use DNA shepherding....

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-..we tag them then and take

-a tissue sample from the ear.

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-We link both up, send the data to

-New Zealand and trace the lineage.

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-Elan spends

-half her time in the fields...

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-..and the other half at the main

-office in Peithyll, Aberystwyth...

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-..where she analyses information

-about the sheep.

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-It's a difficult question to ask...

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-..but do you feel restricted

-when you work in the office?

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-There's a lot of work

-beyond lambing.

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-There's a nice balance in this job.

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-We're out for long periods

-doing the hands-on work...

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-..before coming back in here.

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-To be honest, we're the middle men

-between the farm and the geneticist.

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-She does all the detailed work

-of putting everything together.

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-We just collect the data, make sure

-it's presented correctly...

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-..and pass it on to her to allow

-her to complete the next stage.

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-When you see a sheep

-with its lamb...

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-..do you start recording then?

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-You start thinking how they'll work.

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-Yes, when we see

-the sheep and the lamb...

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-..and there's no need for us to get

-involved, we leave them alone...

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-..and we'll make a note

-that she lambed herself.

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-The only time we make any record

-is when we've had to help.

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-We scan the sheep using this, make

-a note that we had to help her...

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-..and that will feed in

-to this database.

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-If there are any problems...

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-..do you then ignore those sheep

-or are they still useful to you?

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-Yes, yes - instead of ignoring them

-because they're not helpful to us...

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-..we tend to downgrade them

-and class them as recipients.

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-We keep them in the herd

-but ignore their genetics.

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-We'll place the embryos we collect

-into those recipients.

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-There are 1,300 sheep here...

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-..and the company has

-23 breeding partners across Britain.

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-Last year, 2,000 rams were sold.

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-Well, Elan,

-there's a mixture of breeds here.

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-This is important

-for your organisation.

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-Tell me more

-about the different breeds.

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-There is a mixture.

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-We don't stick to the traditional

-breeds you see on most farms.

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-We produce different crossbreeds

-to produce our rams.

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-Aber is the prefix

-for most of them...

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-..Aberfield, Aberdale,

-Abertex, Abermax, Aberblack.

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-It's a mixture of maternal

-and terminal rams.

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-We have the Primera and Highlander

-genetics from New Zealand.

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-We imported them to Innovis

-and bred them over the years...

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-..and bred the rams to sell on.

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-You're producing rams

-for all types of markets.

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-That's important for us - we're

-appealing to all kinds of customers.

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-They might be lowland farms

-or upland farms.

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-We produce rams that will suit

-different systems.

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-It's cold here today.

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-If I was at home now, I'd go out

-with some sugar beet or sheep cake.

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-Do you give these sheep

-any supplements?

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-No, nothing in terms

-of concentrates.

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-They have just under a tonne

-of blocks out in the fields.

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-There's two blocks in every field.

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-We send those out a fortnight

-before lambing and that's all.

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-You must have good control

-of the grass and the land.

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-A lot of work

-goes into grassland management.

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-We do a lot of work

-testing the soil...

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-..to make sure the pH and potash

-reach the required levels.

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-By doing the hard work...

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-..we find there's no need

-for additional feeding...

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-..and the grass is sufficient.

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-This is some view.

-The weather conditions vary up here.

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-How high up are we?

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-Where we are now, we're at 1,100ft.

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-To the furthest part over there,

-it's 1,200ft.

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-It's important for people

-to know we're not at sea level.

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-We're not far from Aberystwyth,

-to the south of us...

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-..and as you go further up,

-it's a different world up here.

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-It's an impossible question

-to answer...

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-..but do you think

-this is the future...

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-..the records you keep and knowing

-all the facts about your sheep?

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-It's a difficult question...

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-..but in terms of

-the industry itself, as it is now...

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-..we have an uncertain future ahead

-of us, especially after Brexit.

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-Goodness knows what will happen.

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-Since being out in New Zealand...

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-..we've seen a country

-without subsidies.

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-They've changed their mind-set...

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-..and they use modern technology to

-create a herd that can do the job.

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-The sheep looks after the farmer,

-not the other way around.

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-I hope our customers

-can appreciate...

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-..that the rams we sell

-fulfil a role for them.

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-In a few weeks' time...

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-..the first window of the

-Farm Business Grant will open.

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-To qualify to apply for the grant...

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-..you must attend Farming Connect's

-Farming For the Future roadshow.

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-The grant is worth 3,000-12,000

-for qualifying businesses...

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-..to improve economic

-and environmental performance.

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-You must book your place beforehand

-to attend the roadshow.

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-The first one is on April 25.

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-For more information,

-contact Farming Connect.

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-That's it for now.

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-Join us after the break

-to hear about a new venture...

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-..on Tyn Pwll Farm, Pentraeth.

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-.

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-Subtitles

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-Subtitles

-

-Subtitles

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-Despite all the problems

-facing the dairy industry...

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-..some farms are still succeeding.

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-Meinir learnt more.

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-Iwan Francis is NFU Cymru's

-Dairy Stockman of the Year.

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-Despite not being raised

-on a dairy farm...

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-..he knows what's needed

-to succeed in the industry.

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-Five and a half years ago,

-Iwan started his tenancy...

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-..on Nant Glas Talog in Carmarthen

-as part of a partnership.

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-By now,

-he runs the business himself.

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-When I left school, I went

-to study agriculture in Gelli Aur.

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-I spoke to other students there.

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-I started learning

-about dairy cattle...

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-..and found some work experience

-on a local dairy farm.

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-I worked on that farm

-during the holidays...

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-..and learnt the basic skills

-of milking on that farm.

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-I went to Aberystwyth

-to learn more...

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-..and the interest

-developed from there.

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-Not many tenant farms

-become available...

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-..especially farms

-as good as this one.

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-I was in the right place

-at the right time.

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-I was very fortunate.

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-The system you have here...

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-..is different to the system

-we associate with Wales.

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-Yes, we calve half the cattle in

-the spring and half in the autumn.

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-We calve them in blocks

-of eight weeks.

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-We try and get as much milk

-as we can from the grassland...

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-..through grazing

-or silage in the winter.

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-We feed them a tonne of concentrate.

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-The cattle are also different.

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-They are Friesian cross Jersey

-cattle.

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-The genetics were introduced

-from New Zealand.

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-When I visited New Zealand...

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-..I saw the cattle there

-and the way they performed.

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-They performed well from grazing...

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-..and the milk quality

-was high in protein and fat.

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-In terms of these cattle, what are

-the most important characteristics?

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-Fertility is important.

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-Since I calve in blocks...

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-..they need to return

-relatively quickly...

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-..and they can calve as soon

-as possible in the block...

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-..and spend as much time in milk

-before they calve the next time.

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-You use a system

-that's similar to New Zealand...

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-..but is it suitable for

-the landscape and climate of Wales?

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-I try to get as much milk

-as possible from the grassland.

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-It's difficult to get it

-exactly the same as New Zealand...

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-..because there's more rain -

-about 1.7m of rain in Wales.

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-It's important to get the same

-mind-set, to limit our costs...

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-..and be efficient in what we do.

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-Iwan milks 200 cattle

-on 300 acres of land.

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-He's won awards

-for his managing skills...

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-..but there are some things

-he can't control.

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-40 young calves, Iwan.

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-There's a lot to do here.

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-Yes, there's plenty to do.

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-40 have been born since March

-and they're all females.

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-Without the TB restrictions, I would

-have already sold half of them.

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-How much of an impact has TB

-had on your business?

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-Since January,

-it's had a big impact.

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-I haven't managed to sell cattle

-that calved late in the block...

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-..or sell male calves at the mart.

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-Selling a stock of heifers,

-or cattle that calve later...

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-..is very important to the business.

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-It's so important for the cashflow.

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-I don't have many empty cattle,

-I don't have any waste.

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-I have heifers to sell every year.

-It's important for me to sell them.

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-At the end of the block...

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-..I have some Hereford calves.

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-I don't know

-what to do with them yet.

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-There's more value

-associated to them.

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-It's a bit of a headache for me.

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-How much of a difference

-has it made financially?

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-Over 100 a calf between

-a Hereford and a Friesian calf.

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-Over the five years

-you've been farming...

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-..what's been

-the greatest challenge?

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-Up until now, we haven't

-been affected by TB at all.

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-We haven't had

-to face that challenge.

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-We've worked hard over the past five

-years to increase the herd size.

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-It's been a commitment

-in terms of money and effort.

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-To lose any stock isn't nice.

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-Of course, in this part

-of Carmarthenshire...

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-..TB is a constant threat

-for local farms.

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-How does Iwan hope

-the business will develop?

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-I'm happy with the way the business

-has developed over five years.

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-I started off in partnership,

-we started with nothing...

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-..and we spent all our money

-on the herd.

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-We've built from nothing

-up to 200 cattle...

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-..and we also have calves.

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-I'm happy with things as they are.

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-I'd encourage others to do the same.

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-If you can get a tenant farm,

-it's a good way to do it.

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-I'd be happy to go into partnership

-with another farm.

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-If I could find a tenancy,

-I'd be happy to do it again.

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-This has worked out well.

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-Drinking water is a crucial part

-of a balanced diet.

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-In the UK, 2.8bn litres of

-bottled water is drunk every year.

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-This week, I've crossed the bridge

-to meet a man...

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-..hoping to benefit

-from this market.

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-Tyn Pwll farm on Anglesey

-is the source of Ffynnon Mon water.

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-They've just started to bottle it.

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-The process of producing the water

-has taken seven years.

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-The spring has always been there.

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-The family have been here

-for 120 years...

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-..and we've always used

-the spring for the farm.

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-We made some enquiries, tested the

-water and did a geological survey.

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-We found that the farm was on the

-largest deposit of glacial gravel...

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-..on Anglesey.

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-This was the end of the glacier

-where the gravel was churned up.

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-When the glaciers melted,

-this all became a large lake.

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-Sand built up

-over thousands of years...

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-..and the lake drained

-thousands of years ago.

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-From that, the water's

-filtered through the sand...

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-..then through the gravel...

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-..that lies on top of the limestone.

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-This is where it pops up naturally

-at a gallon a second.

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-A lot of businesses use bore holes

-and they drill down 400 yards.

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-Here, we let the water

-come up naturally...

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-..and we take it from the spring.

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-We found out that no spring water

-came from Anglesey...

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-..so we thought it would be good

-to start a business and create jobs.

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-What's in the water?

-What's the calcium content?

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-It has half the calcium of milk...

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-..and it's also high in iron.

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-It comes up

-as bottled water quality.

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-No filtering happens to the water...

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-.and it emerges to that quality.

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-The water we see in the field...

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-..is the water in the bottle.

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-You don't clean the water.

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-Not at all - all we do is pump it

-from the spring to the shed...

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-..and straight into the bottle.

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-No filtering happens at all.

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-The entire bottling process

-happens on Tyn Pwll farm.

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-Dafydd has a substantial shed where

-he controls the production process.

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-What happens in the next stage

-of the process?

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-The water is pumped

-into this building...

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-..which was built

-for bottling purposes.

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-It comes straight

-into the milk tank.

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-We label the bottles here.

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-The water is pumped

-into the fillers.

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-We rinse the bottles before filling

-them and then they're capped.

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-If they're filled

-with sparkling water...

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-..there's a separate process

-which makes the water sparkling.

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-It sounds like a simple process.

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-It takes getting used to -

-you get into a rhythm of doing it.

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-We have two members of staff here

-two days a week.

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-They bottle the water and

-we fill 1,500-2,000 bottles a week.

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-They're leaving the farm as soon

-as we fill them at the moment.

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-Everything takes time -

-the machines don't do all the work.

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-You're here to place the bottle

-in the machine...

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-..you're here to cap the bottle.

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-It takes a long time

-to complete one bottle of water.

0:21:190:21:22

-Yes, but initially,

-this was the best way to do it...

0:21:230:21:27

-..with these machines.

0:21:270:21:29

-Maybe, in the future,

-we'll have more automated machines.

0:21:300:21:37

-If we continue to do it like this,

-it helps create jobs.

0:21:380:21:42

-We feel it's an efficient process.

0:21:420:21:44

-Everything is hand bottled

-which makes it more special.

0:21:450:21:49

-Tyn Pwll is a 120-acre farm.

0:21:500:21:54

-It offers B&B accommodation

-and numerous summer houses.

0:21:550:21:58

-In addition to all this,

-Dafydd has two other businesses.

0:21:580:22:02

-You have a good business head,

-Dafydd.

0:22:040:22:07

-I like running my own business.

0:22:080:22:12

-The opportunities on Anglesey

-are limited...

0:22:120:22:15

-..so we have to create our own.

0:22:150:22:18

-I have a contracting business for

-tractors, trailers, hedge-cutters...

0:22:180:22:24

-..and another business where

-I convert cooking oil into diesel...

0:22:240:22:30

-..to fuel the tractors

-and the business vans.

0:22:300:22:33

-I'm doing well with those.

0:22:340:22:36

-This is the next thing I want to do.

0:22:360:22:38

-It's a higher level but I've had

-experience of running businesses...

0:22:390:22:43

-..and this has been set up nicely.

0:22:430:22:45

-Most of your time

-is taken up by the water.

0:22:460:22:48

-Every business

-needs time initially...

0:22:480:22:53

-..but I hope in the long term

-I can employ people full-time...

0:22:530:22:57

-..and I can manage the business.

0:22:580:23:00

-I'll always be around

-with input into the business.

0:23:000:23:04

-That's it for this week.

0:23:080:23:10

-We're back the same time next week.

-Cheerio.

0:23:100:23:15

-S4C Subtitles by Adnod Cyf.

0:23:310:23:33

-.

0:23:330:23:33

Bydd Alun yng nghwmni Elan Davies ar Fferm Mynydd Gorddu ger Talybont sydd ynghanol y tymor wyna. Alun meets Elan Davies at Mynydd Gorddu Farm near Talybont where they are busy lambing.


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