Bydd Alun yng nghwmni Elan Davies ar Fferm Mynydd Gorddu ger Talybont sydd ynghanol y tymor wyna. Alun meets Elan Davies at Mynydd Gorddu Farm near Talybont where they are busy ...
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-In tonight's programme,
-..an award for one dairy farmer
-despite problems for the industry...
-..and science giving
-sheep farming a helping hand.
-Meinir meets the NFU Cymru's
-Dairy Stockman of the Year.
-I'm happy with how the business has
-turned out in the past five years.
-We started with nothing and
-invested all our money in cattle.
-We now have a herd
-of around 200 cattle.
-On Anglesey, one farmer is trying
-to turn water into money.
-The lambing season
-is about to end for many farmers.
-It's a time to welcome new life
-but it can be quite a challenge.
-This week, Alun is in Talybont
-..meeting a shepherd
-who works for a company...
-..that tries to make life easier
-Gorddu Farm is the home of Innovis.
-is a breeding technician here.
-She's in the middle
-of the lambing season.
-It's an important time for us here,
-We lamb outside,
-the lamb shed is empty...
-..and everything happens outside.
-We do check them from time to time
-in case there are any problems.
-If they're coping on their own,
-we leave them alone.
-That's what you're trying to do
-on behalf of the whole industry.
-We're trying to make life easier.
-We're trying to produce sheep
-that can look after themselves...
-..to save the farmer
-looking after them.
-We're making life easier
-for the farmer.
-The grass is in good shape.
-Did you keep them away from
-these fields until lambing began?
-We plant about 35 acres of swedes
-The twin and triplet sheep were
-in those fields until early March.
-We then brought them
-to these fields for lambing.
-When they get here,
-they're ready for lambing.
-You don't interfere
-with the sheep and the lambs now.
-Years ago, when you made a record...
-..you had to make a mark
-the sheep and the lamb...
-..and tag the lamb when it was born.
-Does that not happen now?
-I've worked with Innovis
-for 18 months.
-Up until five years ago, you had
-to link the lamb to the sheep.
-At every birth, you'd tag the sheep
-and link it to the mother.
-You could trace
-the family tree like that.
-We leave them alone
-at the lambing stage now...
-..and bring them in
-when they're four weeks old.
-We use DNA shepherding....
-..we tag them then and take
-a tissue sample from the ear.
-We link both up, send the data to
-New Zealand and trace the lineage.
-half her time in the fields...
-..and the other half at the main
-office in Peithyll, Aberystwyth...
-..where she analyses information
-about the sheep.
-It's a difficult question to ask...
-..but do you feel restricted
-when you work in the office?
-There's a lot of work
-There's a nice balance in this job.
-We're out for long periods
-doing the hands-on work...
-..before coming back in here.
-To be honest, we're the middle men
-between the farm and the geneticist.
-She does all the detailed work
-of putting everything together.
-We just collect the data, make sure
-it's presented correctly...
-..and pass it on to her to allow
-her to complete the next stage.
-When you see a sheep
-with its lamb...
-..do you start recording then?
-You start thinking how they'll work.
-Yes, when we see
-the sheep and the lamb...
-..and there's no need for us to get
-involved, we leave them alone...
-..and we'll make a note
-that she lambed herself.
-The only time we make any record
-is when we've had to help.
-We scan the sheep using this, make
-a note that we had to help her...
-..and that will feed in
-to this database.
-If there are any problems...
-..do you then ignore those sheep
-or are they still useful to you?
-Yes, yes - instead of ignoring them
-because they're not helpful to us...
-..we tend to downgrade them
-and class them as recipients.
-We keep them in the herd
-but ignore their genetics.
-We'll place the embryos we collect
-into those recipients.
-There are 1,300 sheep here...
-..and the company has
-23 breeding partners across Britain.
-Last year, 2,000 rams were sold.
-there's a mixture of breeds here.
-This is important
-for your organisation.
-Tell me more
-about the different breeds.
-There is a mixture.
-We don't stick to the traditional
-breeds you see on most farms.
-We produce different crossbreeds
-to produce our rams.
-Aber is the prefix
-for most of them...
-Abertex, Abermax, Aberblack.
-It's a mixture of maternal
-and terminal rams.
-We have the Primera and Highlander
-genetics from New Zealand.
-We imported them to Innovis
-and bred them over the years...
-..and bred the rams to sell on.
-You're producing rams
-for all types of markets.
-That's important for us - we're
-appealing to all kinds of customers.
-They might be lowland farms
-or upland farms.
-We produce rams that will suit
-It's cold here today.
-If I was at home now, I'd go out
-with some sugar beet or sheep cake.
-Do you give these sheep
-No, nothing in terms
-They have just under a tonne
-of blocks out in the fields.
-There's two blocks in every field.
-We send those out a fortnight
-before lambing and that's all.
-You must have good control
-of the grass and the land.
-A lot of work
-goes into grassland management.
-We do a lot of work
-testing the soil...
-..to make sure the pH and potash
-reach the required levels.
-By doing the hard work...
-..we find there's no need
-for additional feeding...
-..and the grass is sufficient.
-This is some view.
-The weather conditions vary up here.
-How high up are we?
-Where we are now, we're at 1,100ft.
-To the furthest part over there,
-It's important for people
-to know we're not at sea level.
-We're not far from Aberystwyth,
-to the south of us...
-..and as you go further up,
-it's a different world up here.
-It's an impossible question
-..but do you think
-this is the future...
-..the records you keep and knowing
-all the facts about your sheep?
-It's a difficult question...
-..but in terms of
-the industry itself, as it is now...
-..we have an uncertain future ahead
-of us, especially after Brexit.
-Goodness knows what will happen.
-Since being out in New Zealand...
-..we've seen a country
-They've changed their mind-set...
-..and they use modern technology to
-create a herd that can do the job.
-The sheep looks after the farmer,
-not the other way around.
-I hope our customers
-..that the rams we sell
-fulfil a role for them.
-In a few weeks' time...
-..the first window of the
-Farm Business Grant will open.
-To qualify to apply for the grant...
-..you must attend Farming Connect's
-Farming For the Future roadshow.
-The grant is worth 3,000-12,000
-for qualifying businesses...
-..to improve economic
-and environmental performance.
-You must book your place beforehand
-to attend the roadshow.
-The first one is on April 25.
-For more information,
-contact Farming Connect.
-That's it for now.
-Join us after the break
-to hear about a new venture...
-..on Tyn Pwll Farm, Pentraeth.
-Despite all the problems
-facing the dairy industry...
-..some farms are still succeeding.
-Meinir learnt more.
-Iwan Francis is NFU Cymru's
-Dairy Stockman of the Year.
-Despite not being raised
-on a dairy farm...
-..he knows what's needed
-to succeed in the industry.
-Five and a half years ago,
-Iwan started his tenancy...
-..on Nant Glas Talog in Carmarthen
-as part of a partnership.
-he runs the business himself.
-When I left school, I went
-to study agriculture in Gelli Aur.
-I spoke to other students there.
-I started learning
-about dairy cattle...
-..and found some work experience
-on a local dairy farm.
-I worked on that farm
-during the holidays...
-..and learnt the basic skills
-of milking on that farm.
-I went to Aberystwyth
-to learn more...
-..and the interest
-developed from there.
-Not many tenant farms
-as good as this one.
-I was in the right place
-at the right time.
-I was very fortunate.
-The system you have here...
-..is different to the system
-we associate with Wales.
-Yes, we calve half the cattle in
-the spring and half in the autumn.
-We calve them in blocks
-of eight weeks.
-We try and get as much milk
-as we can from the grassland...
-or silage in the winter.
-We feed them a tonne of concentrate.
-The cattle are also different.
-They are Friesian cross Jersey
-The genetics were introduced
-from New Zealand.
-When I visited New Zealand...
-..I saw the cattle there
-and the way they performed.
-They performed well from grazing...
-..and the milk quality
-was high in protein and fat.
-In terms of these cattle, what are
-the most important characteristics?
-Fertility is important.
-Since I calve in blocks...
-..they need to return
-..and they can calve as soon
-as possible in the block...
-..and spend as much time in milk
-before they calve the next time.
-You use a system
-that's similar to New Zealand...
-..but is it suitable for
-the landscape and climate of Wales?
-I try to get as much milk
-as possible from the grassland.
-It's difficult to get it
-exactly the same as New Zealand...
-..because there's more rain -
-about 1.7m of rain in Wales.
-It's important to get the same
-mind-set, to limit our costs...
-..and be efficient in what we do.
-Iwan milks 200 cattle
-on 300 acres of land.
-He's won awards
-for his managing skills...
-..but there are some things
-he can't control.
-40 young calves, Iwan.
-There's a lot to do here.
-Yes, there's plenty to do.
-40 have been born since March
-and they're all females.
-Without the TB restrictions, I would
-have already sold half of them.
-How much of an impact has TB
-had on your business?
-it's had a big impact.
-I haven't managed to sell cattle
-that calved late in the block...
-..or sell male calves at the mart.
-Selling a stock of heifers,
-or cattle that calve later...
-..is very important to the business.
-It's so important for the cashflow.
-I don't have many empty cattle,
-I don't have any waste.
-I have heifers to sell every year.
-It's important for me to sell them.
-At the end of the block...
-..I have some Hereford calves.
-I don't know
-what to do with them yet.
-There's more value
-associated to them.
-It's a bit of a headache for me.
-How much of a difference
-has it made financially?
-Over 100 a calf between
-a Hereford and a Friesian calf.
-Over the five years
-you've been farming...
-the greatest challenge?
-Up until now, we haven't
-been affected by TB at all.
-We haven't had
-to face that challenge.
-We've worked hard over the past five
-years to increase the herd size.
-It's been a commitment
-in terms of money and effort.
-To lose any stock isn't nice.
-Of course, in this part
-..TB is a constant threat
-for local farms.
-How does Iwan hope
-the business will develop?
-I'm happy with the way the business
-has developed over five years.
-I started off in partnership,
-we started with nothing...
-..and we spent all our money
-on the herd.
-We've built from nothing
-up to 200 cattle...
-..and we also have calves.
-I'm happy with things as they are.
-I'd encourage others to do the same.
-If you can get a tenant farm,
-it's a good way to do it.
-I'd be happy to go into partnership
-with another farm.
-If I could find a tenancy,
-I'd be happy to do it again.
-This has worked out well.
-Drinking water is a crucial part
-of a balanced diet.
-In the UK, 2.8bn litres of
-bottled water is drunk every year.
-This week, I've crossed the bridge
-to meet a man...
-..hoping to benefit
-from this market.
-Tyn Pwll farm on Anglesey
-is the source of Ffynnon Mon water.
-They've just started to bottle it.
-The process of producing the water
-has taken seven years.
-The spring has always been there.
-The family have been here
-for 120 years...
-..and we've always used
-the spring for the farm.
-We made some enquiries, tested the
-water and did a geological survey.
-We found that the farm was on the
-largest deposit of glacial gravel...
-This was the end of the glacier
-where the gravel was churned up.
-When the glaciers melted,
-this all became a large lake.
-Sand built up
-over thousands of years...
-..and the lake drained
-thousands of years ago.
-From that, the water's
-filtered through the sand...
-..then through the gravel...
-..that lies on top of the limestone.
-This is where it pops up naturally
-at a gallon a second.
-A lot of businesses use bore holes
-and they drill down 400 yards.
-Here, we let the water
-come up naturally...
-..and we take it from the spring.
-We found out that no spring water
-came from Anglesey...
-..so we thought it would be good
-to start a business and create jobs.
-What's in the water?
-What's the calcium content?
-It has half the calcium of milk...
-..and it's also high in iron.
-It comes up
-as bottled water quality.
-No filtering happens to the water...
-.and it emerges to that quality.
-The water we see in the field...
-..is the water in the bottle.
-You don't clean the water.
-Not at all - all we do is pump it
-from the spring to the shed...
-..and straight into the bottle.
-No filtering happens at all.
-The entire bottling process
-happens on Tyn Pwll farm.
-Dafydd has a substantial shed where
-he controls the production process.
-What happens in the next stage
-of the process?
-The water is pumped
-into this building...
-..which was built
-for bottling purposes.
-It comes straight
-into the milk tank.
-We label the bottles here.
-The water is pumped
-into the fillers.
-We rinse the bottles before filling
-them and then they're capped.
-If they're filled
-with sparkling water...
-..there's a separate process
-which makes the water sparkling.
-It sounds like a simple process.
-It takes getting used to -
-you get into a rhythm of doing it.
-We have two members of staff here
-two days a week.
-They bottle the water and
-we fill 1,500-2,000 bottles a week.
-They're leaving the farm as soon
-as we fill them at the moment.
-Everything takes time -
-the machines don't do all the work.
-You're here to place the bottle
-in the machine...
-..you're here to cap the bottle.
-It takes a long time
-to complete one bottle of water.
-Yes, but initially,
-this was the best way to do it...
-..with these machines.
-Maybe, in the future,
-we'll have more automated machines.
-If we continue to do it like this,
-it helps create jobs.
-We feel it's an efficient process.
-Everything is hand bottled
-which makes it more special.
-Tyn Pwll is a 120-acre farm.
-It offers B&B accommodation
-and numerous summer houses.
-In addition to all this,
-Dafydd has two other businesses.
-You have a good business head,
-I like running my own business.
-The opportunities on Anglesey
-..so we have to create our own.
-I have a contracting business for
-tractors, trailers, hedge-cutters...
-..and another business where
-I convert cooking oil into diesel...
-..to fuel the tractors
-and the business vans.
-I'm doing well with those.
-This is the next thing I want to do.
-It's a higher level but I've had
-experience of running businesses...
-..and this has been set up nicely.
-Most of your time
-is taken up by the water.
-needs time initially...
-..but I hope in the long term
-I can employ people full-time...
-..and I can manage the business.
-I'll always be around
-with input into the business.
-That's it for this week.
-We're back the same time next week.
-S4C Subtitles by Adnod Cyf.
Bydd Alun yng nghwmni Elan Davies ar Fferm Mynydd Gorddu ger Talybont sydd ynghanol y tymor wyna. Alun meets Elan Davies at Mynydd Gorddu Farm near Talybont where they are busy lambing.