Mon, 20 Feb 2017 Ffermio


Mon, 20 Feb 2017

Bydd Meinir ym Mydroilyn, Ceredigion yn cwrdd a theulu sydd wed arallgyfeirio mewn ffordd wahanol. Meinir meets a farming family in Mydroilyn who have diversified in an interest...


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-What do you do

-when that heifer you bred...

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-..hasn't come on

-as you'd have liked...

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-..yet you still feel

-the urge to compete?

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-Here at Brecon mart, there are

-a variety of cattle on sale...

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-..that could win prizes

-at the summer shows.

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-Later, we see how Farming Connect

-and Bangor University...

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-..are growing a range of fodder

-alongside trees.

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-Meinir meets a family...

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-..using their home's location

-to attract tourists.

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-This show is taking place

-for the ninth time.

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-It features over 100 cattle

-from a variety of breeds.

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-These are cattle

-that have the potential...

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-..to succeed at this year's

-summer and Christmas shows.

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-But getting them here

-has taken a lot of work.

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-The exhibitors have come here

-from all over Wales and beyond.

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-This morning, there's a chance

-to see all the stock in the ring.

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-Among the sellers are Gareth Jones

-and his daughter Luned...

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-..of Blaenwaun Ganol, Llanwnnen.

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-We've brought

-two Limousin cross heifers...

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-..to the show potential sale today.

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-Coming here,

-I didn't know what to expect.

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-I knew the standard would be high

-because it is every year.

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-It's improving every year as well.

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-How important is it

-that you bred these at home?

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-That must make a difference.

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-That must make a difference.

-

-It makes a big difference.

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-It gives us a buzz.

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-We try our best

-to produce good animals.

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-We don't always succeed.

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-Do you enjoy showing yourself?

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-Or do you prefer

-someone else to do it?

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-Well, I did show, years ago.

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-But we get more of a buzz now

-to sell them on...

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-..to people who are experts

-at showing commercial cattle.

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-They know the tricks of the trade.

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-They can show the animals

-at their best...

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-..as only someone

-who exhibits at all the shows can.

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-You're not at home enough to help!

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-No, I'm studying Agriculture

-at Harper Adams at the moment.

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-With the hope

-of coming home to farm one day?

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-I'm hoping to work

-in the beef industry.

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-With beef cattle.

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-Genetics, that kind of thing,

-but definitely with beef.

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-Just in case

-someone in Wales doesn't know...

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-..2015 was a very big year for you.

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-Tell us why.

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-It was a special year

-for us as a family.

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-We were fortunate enough to breed

-the Winter Fair supreme champion.

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-A heifer called Miss Wales.

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-Yes, Miss Wales.

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-Miss Wales' sire

-is this black heifer's sire...

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-..and the dam of the red one...

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-..is a half-sister

-to Miss Wales' dam.

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-We're trying to keep the breeding,

-that type, certainly.

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-How did it go today?

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-Well, I was very pleased.

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-In two very strong classes,

-we got two third places.

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-Better than I expected.

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-I'm very pleased.

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-I wish you the best

-in the selling ring.

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-Gareth, Luned,

-good luck for the rest of the day.

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-There are eleven classes here today.

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-That means plenty of work for the

-judge, Blair Dufton from Scotland.

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-The reserve championship...

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-..went to a heifer

-owned by Dafydd Lewis, Pentwyn.

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-But the main championship

-went to Little Miss P...

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-..owned by Owen Watkins,

-Caenant Melyn, Hay-on-Wye.

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-Have you competed here before?

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-Have you competed here before?

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-No, first time I've come here.

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-What were your expectations?

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-What were your expectations?

-

-Nothing at all.

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-Just to sell her, really,

-to get a bit more room at home.

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-I'm sure you had

-a look round when you arrived.

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-Were your hopes getting higher?

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-Were your hopes getting higher?

-

-There's a lot of good cattle here.

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-You're coming to one of the best

-places in the country to get cattle.

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-To do anything here is good.

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-Tell us a bit about the breeding.

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-She's by our own stock bull,

-Amlely Hastings.

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-She's out of a heifer

-we bought off Catrin Edwards...

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-..about five or six years ago.

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-Brilliant. Congratulations.

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-Brilliant. Congratulations.

-

-Thank you.

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-Congratulations to them.

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-We'll see later

-whether the judge's opinion...

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-..is borne out by the day's prices.

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-Next, Daloni attends an open day

-that discusses the possibilities...

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-..of growing trees and crops

-alongside each other.

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-Sheep are usually seen grazing

-on fields or mountain pastures.

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-But at Bangor University's

-Henfaes research centre...

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-..sheep graze

-in fields full of trees.

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-It's a joint experiment between

-the university and Farming Connect.

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-There's an open day at the

-Farming Connect innovation site...

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-..to demonstrate

-this agroforestry system.

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-We're growing crops

-among the trees, under the trees.

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-Rape, kale and stubble turnips.

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-We're weighing up whether a system

-like this can benefit farmers...

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-..in their day-to-day business.

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-What's the scheme's background?

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-It's to look at the value of trees

-in the farm's landscape, in a way.

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-While farmers all understand

-the benefit of shelter and so on...

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-..it's important

-that we gather data and results...

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-..to provide evidence

-to back that up.

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-To show a tree's economic worth

-in the landscape...

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-..and to the farm's business.

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-There's great data coming from

-Australia, New Zealand and the USA.

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-It's important that we weigh up

-projects in this country...

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-..to give us similar results

-to prove the benefits.

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-How do you hope

-farmers will benefit?

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-The system will benefit farmers...

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-..by improving the farm's

-environmental performance.

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-That in turn will improve

-the farm's business performance.

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-If we look at these trees,

-they lock up carbon.

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-They reduce climate change.

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-Maybe, in the future,

-we'll also be looking at ways...

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-..to generate income from them.

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-Eighty lambs have played a part

-in the experiment.

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-Among those overseeing the scheme

-is Dr Prysor Williams.

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-There's a lot of interest

-in agroforestry nowadays.

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-How to combine agriculture

-and forestry.

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-There's more interest

-in lambing outdoors and so on...

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-..to cut costs.

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-This experiment

-has looked at how to finish lambs...

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-..by growing different crops...

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-..and benefitting from the shelter

-that trees offer the lambs.

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-There's a lot of work on models

-and gathering data...

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-..on how much energy they use

-and its effect on performance.

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-Why is experimenting

-with various crops important?

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-It's vital.

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-Farmers are always looking at

-cost-effective ways to fatten lambs.

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-Growing crops like this is something

-we're seeing more and more.

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-Trialling different crops

-in different woodland conditions...

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-..gives us a wider set of results...

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-..that are relevant

-to a wider range of farmers.

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-What exactly

-does the research entail?

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-What we're doing at the moment...

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-..is trying to resurrect

-part of an old experiment...

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-..to improve fodder.

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-It's been here for 25 years.

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-We're trying to improve

-the grass beneath it.

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-How do you go about doing that?

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-We grow these crops,

-the brassicas and rapes...

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-..and then go back in with grass.

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-What are the results so far?

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-So far, we've cleared

-the old fodder beneath our feet...

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-..the old grass.

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-As you can see, we've planted rape

-and begun fattening lambs on it.

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-We began in late October.

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-We're still fattening what's spare.

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-Is that working well?

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-Is that working well?

-

-At the moment, yes.

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-The lambs are gaining weight,

-but they were late lambs.

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-So far, so good?

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-So far, so good?

-

-Yes, at the moment.

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-The experiment has run for 25 years.

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-This section

-has reached the end of its life...

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-..as regards both fodder

-and the trees' age.

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-We're moving to the next phase.

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-Research student Pip Jones

-has put a fake sheep in the field...

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-..to measure the effect of trees,

-hedges and the weather on livestock.

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-This work has been going on

-at Bangor for some time now.

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-One experiment is over 20 years old.

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-Woodland has been planted

-in different forms.

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-Individual trees,

-clusters and so on.

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-Pip's fake sheep

-enables her to monitor...

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-..how much energy that sheep uses...

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-..to maintain a body temperature

-of 39 degrees.

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-When it's cold, as it is today...

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-..the wind and so on...

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-..the sheep uses a lot of energy

-to maintain the correct temperature.

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-Energy costs money, of course.

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-Ultimately, the hope is...

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-..to convert those values

-into monetary sums.

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-We'll then be able to show...

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-..that planting trees

-in the correct locations on farms...

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-..makes economic sense...

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-..as regards sheep productivity and

-the value of the trees themselves.

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-People are taking their places

-before the selling begins.

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-Join us after the break

-to see the prices here in Brecon.

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-We'll see you in two minutes.

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-.

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-Subtitles

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-Subtitles

-

-Subtitles

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-Welcome back.

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-Following all the uncertainty...

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-..about foreign markets

-for agricultural produce...

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-..many farms are looking for extra,

-stable sources of revenue.

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-Meinir has been to visit one family

-who have found one.

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-Many Welsh farms have created

-successful businesses...

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-..that run in tandem

-with their daily work.

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-Here on Cwmcoedog farm...

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-..the family have refurbished

-the farm's old buildings...

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-..to welcome visitors.

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-Here are the two cottages.

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-Here are the two cottages.

-

-Yes, the two cottages.

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-The cowshed used to be here,

-back when we kept dairy cattle.

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-We finished milking in 1996.

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-We decided to diversify.

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-We wanted to turn it

-into two cottages.

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-They're similar to each other.

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-We kept the old stone.

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-We pulled the back wall down...

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-..to give space

-for an extra bedroom and a kitchen.

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-Does having visitors

-pay better than milking?

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-Yes. There's less fuss

-and they don't kick!

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-It's easier.

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-It's worked well.

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-People keep coming back -

-we've made friends through it.

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-Their children were small

-when they came here originally...

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-..they've grown up now.

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-They keep coming back.

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-With lambing season coming up,

-the families come back...

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-..and the children

-love to feed the pet lambs.

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-Let's take a look, shall we?

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-Let's take a look, shall we?

-

-Yes, let's go in.

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-Here we are.

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-Here we are.

-

-Ooh, very nice!

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-Who was responsible

-for the refurbishment?

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-My daughter Gwenan came up with the

-new ideas, along with my wife Neris.

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-There's a Welsh atmosphere here.

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-Yes, it's important

-to promote Welshness.

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-People enjoy the Welsh touch.

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-We've got local wine for them

-when they arrive.

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-There's Welsh cakes and bara brith.

-They love it.

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-How much does the farm depend

-on the diversification?

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-Quite a bit.

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-It's another income.

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-I know it's a big cost to set it up,

-but it's been a help...

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-..and it's balanced out well

-with everything else.

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-You're the fourth generation here.

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-My father and grandfather

-were here before me.

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-Hopefully, one of the children

-will take over.

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-As I say, expanding like this makes

-a future in agriculture easier.

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-Cwmcoedog is a family business.

-Everyone does their bit.

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-In addition to their full-time jobs

-outside the farm...

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-..Neris and daughter Gwenan

-take care of the holiday lets.

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-Neris, tell me about these pods.

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-We've had them now

-for around four years.

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-They've been something different

-to the cottages.

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-We've diversified to try

-and attract visitors from all over.

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-We want to attract

-all kinds of people.

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-My brother is a carpenter.

-We're very lucky in that way.

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-He made them for us.

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-They're comfortable and cosy.

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-There's something here

-for the whole family.

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-Yes, that's the aim really.

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-We're trying to market the place

-as a farm...

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-..and that there's something

-to please everyone here.

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-The kids can be in the park while

-the parents are in the hot tub.

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-You can go fishing on the lake.

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-I think it's the variety

-that attracts people year on year.

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-It's surprising

-how much room there is.

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-Yes, there's plenty of room.

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-The kids like to go up here.

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-This comes down.

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-This cushion goes underneath...

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-..and these cushions come down

-to make a big double.

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-There's room for four

-and one up top.

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-There are lots of local attractions.

-We're lucky in Ceredigion.

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-Aberaeron is near as is New Quay.

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-Aberystwyth is only 30 minutes away.

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-There's plenty to entertain everyone

-away from the farm.

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-Along with the holiday lets, Arwel

-keeps a flock of Cheviot sheep...

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-..on 160 acres.

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-You mostly keep sheep now.

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-You mostly keep sheep now.

-

-Yes, mostly sheep.

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-We've increased the size of

-the flock since we finished dairy.

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-We moved from there

-to suckler cattle.

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-In the last four years,

-we got rid of the suckler cattle.

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-The visitors take so much

-of our time during the summer.

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-We moved to sheep and we keep tack

-cattle over the winter in the sheds.

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-That's been working well for us

-for the last four years.

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-You seem to have looked

-at the farm's strengths...

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-..and adapted

-in order to attract visitors...

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-..that are good for

-and suit this farm.

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-Families with children.

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-Families come here from the towns.

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-You can see their eyes light up

-when they see what we have to offer.

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-As I said, some of them

-don't see animals from day to day.

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-Then they come here and see the

-freedom and the way we rear them.

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-So, looking forward, more sheep

-or more cottages and pods?

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-Whatever takes the least work.

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-The answer to that?

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-The answer to that?

-

-Pods maybe.

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-You don't have to treat the feet

-or dose them.

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-No, nor tag them

-or write everything down.

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-We'll keep going

-with what we have...

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-..and maybe increase

-the sheep numbers a little.

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-Certainly, we'll keep going

-with having visitors here.

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-It's been a good income for us.

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-It works well.

-Everyone wants a holiday.

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-I feel that more families are going

-to have holidays in this country...

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-..rather than fly to places

-with all the wars going on.

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-Hopefully, they'll keep coming

-to Wales, and hopefully, Cwmcoedog!

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-It's a busy time for many of you...

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-..with lambing and calving

-in full flow.

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-This year,

-there has been an increase...

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-..in the cases of pneumonia

-in young calves.

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-We on Ffermio are asking

-if there's something farmers can do.

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-Rebecca Davies is a calf expert.

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-What's her advice

-on keeping them healthy?

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-This year

-has been a terrible winter...

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-..in terms of rearing calves.

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-One of the biggest problems

-I hear about on farms is pneumonia.

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-There are a lot of things

-farmers can do to avoid pneumonia.

0:17:440:17:49

-If we look

-at what we have here today...

0:17:490:17:52

-..younger calves

-start off in single pens.

0:17:520:17:57

-That's to make sure

-that they're strong calves...

0:17:570:18:00

-..before they come into the group,

-before they're weaned.

0:18:010:18:05

-If we look here at this single pen,

-there are two buckets.

0:18:050:18:09

-A calf should have water

-all the time.

0:18:090:18:12

-It doesn't matter what its age is,

-or what the weather is like.

0:18:130:18:16

-A lot of farms I've seen

-use the water bucket to feed milk.

0:18:170:18:21

-Calves haven't been made to drink

-milk with their heads in buckets.

0:18:210:18:26

-It's important for calves

-to drink milk from the teat.

0:18:270:18:30

-That's what stimulates the

-oesophageal groove to contract...

0:18:300:18:35

-..and send the milk into

-the correct stomach, the abomasum.

0:18:350:18:40

-If the milk goes into the rumen

-stomach, that will cause problems.

0:18:400:18:44

-You can get things like ruminal

-bloat or that horrible scour.

0:18:440:18:49

-It really harms the calf.

0:18:500:18:52

-Temperature is so important.

0:18:560:18:58

-People tell me that their calves

-do well in summer but not winter.

0:18:580:19:03

-In the winter, what do we do?

-We eat more, wear coats.

0:19:040:19:08

-Calves can't go to the wardrobe

-and take out a coat.

0:19:080:19:11

-What we can do

-is put a calf jacket on it.

0:19:120:19:16

-Your calf jacket should have

-a thick strap at the front.

0:19:160:19:21

-That's where

-the heart and lungs are.

0:19:210:19:23

-It's really important

-to keep those warm.

0:19:240:19:27

-Once the temperature

-is 12C or lower...

0:19:300:19:34

-..that's when the calves

-will start using their energy...

0:19:340:19:38

-..to stay warm instead of growing

-as we want them to do...

0:19:380:19:42

-..or to fight off

-any bugs in the shed.

0:19:420:19:45

-We all like to eat more

-in the winter.

0:19:450:19:48

-That's true for calves too.

0:19:480:19:51

-Usually, I'd feed the calves

-around 900g of powder a day...

0:19:510:19:54

-..split between two feeds.

0:19:550:19:56

-In the winter, we increase that

-to just over a kilo.

0:19:570:20:01

-Despite it being important

-that the calves shelter...

0:20:050:20:11

-..it's also important that plenty of

-fresh air gets into the calf shed.

0:20:110:20:16

-If you walk into a shed

-and it smells...

0:20:160:20:18

-..because the calves are there, you

-know there's a ventilation problem.

0:20:180:20:23

-A calf shed

-should always smell fresh and clean.

0:20:230:20:27

-Back here in Brecon,

-the sale is in full swing.

0:20:310:20:34

-A record

-was broken here last year...

0:20:340:20:37

-..7,200 to Dafydd Lewis, Pentwyn,

-for his heifer.

0:20:370:20:41

-Will the same thing happen

-this year? Let's see.

0:20:410:20:44

-The standard is very high,

-fair play.

0:20:500:20:52

-It's a consistent standard.

0:20:520:20:55

-If you head out to the shed, there

-aren't many bad calves out there.

0:20:550:21:00

-There's a lot of talk

-of uncertainty in agriculture.

0:21:010:21:05

-Does that affect the show circuit

-and what people think of competing?

0:21:050:21:10

-Yes, to a certain extent.

0:21:110:21:12

-TB is the biggest problem.

0:21:130:21:15

-A lot of the English lads

-can't compete in every show.

0:21:160:21:21

-That's a headache for everyone.

0:21:220:21:25

-I've found another Northwalian

-who's ventured down to Brecon.

0:21:260:21:30

-What attracted you here today?

0:21:300:21:33

-I've got some interest

-in both summer and winter shows.

0:21:330:21:37

-I have a particular interest

-in commercial beef.

0:21:370:21:40

-It happens that I was away last year

-and missed the show cattle sale.

0:21:410:21:46

-I wanted to catch up.

0:21:470:21:48

-I came down here.

-I've only been once before.

0:21:480:21:52

-It's nice to come down here again...

0:21:520:21:55

-..to see the standard of cattle

-bred here in Brecon.

0:21:550:21:58

-Tell us

-about where you were last year.

0:21:590:22:01

-I spent eight months

-working on a farm in New Zealand.

0:22:010:22:06

-It was an incredible experience...

0:22:060:22:08

-..and a part of my course

-at Aberystwyth University.

0:22:090:22:12

-What would they say

-about your presence...

0:22:130:22:16

-..at this kind of event in Wales?

0:22:160:22:18

-Do they look at things

-in the same way over there?

0:22:190:22:21

-No, they think there's something

-wrong with us over here!

0:22:220:22:25

-I said I've got an interest

-in exhibiting animals.

0:22:250:22:29

-They thought

-we were wasting our time.

0:22:290:22:32

-We gauge the quality of an animal...

0:22:320:22:36

-..from its look in this country.

0:22:360:22:39

-Over there, it's all done on paper.

0:22:390:22:42

-In the ring,

-the show champion went for 5,000.

0:22:440:22:48

-The reserve champion

-went for 3,000.

0:22:490:22:52

-That's it for another week.

0:23:020:23:04

-It's been an exceptional

-Show Potential sale here in Brecon.

0:23:040:23:07

-The prices were promising...

0:23:080:23:09

-..and showed

-that there's faith in the future...

0:23:100:23:12

-..in the short term at least.

0:23:130:23:15

-Speaking of the future, I'll see you

-at the same time next week.

0:23:150:23:18

-Until then, goodbye.

0:23:190:23:20

-S4C Subtitles by Testun Cyf.

0:23:370:23:39

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0:23:390:23:39

Bydd Meinir ym Mydroilyn, Ceredigion yn cwrdd a theulu sydd wed arallgyfeirio mewn ffordd wahanol. Meinir meets a farming family in Mydroilyn who have diversified in an interesting way.


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