Byddwn ni'n edrych ar sut mae un ffermwr yn mynd ati i leihau'r defnydd o gyffuriau gwrthfiotig. Today's programme looks at how one farmer has reduced the use of antibiotics on ...
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-I'm sure we're all assessing
-..trying to find
-sustainable income for the future.
-In tonight's programme, we meet
-two families who've done so...
-..in very different ways.
-Also tonight, we visit one farm...
-..where some buildings
-are used as a children's nursery.
-I've wanted to open a nursery
-since I was a young girl.
-We looked at what we could change on
-the farm to incorporate a nursery.
-We'll also report from the annual
-NFU conference in Birmingham.
-The O'Neill report,
-published last year...
-..covered the over-reliance
-on antibiotic drugs...
-..in the NHS and in agriculture.
-The government has taken steps
-to lower the use in agriculture.
-Alun spoke to one farmer...
-the changes right now.
-Plas Llandegfan, Anglesey,
-is the home of Arwyn Jones.
-He farms 900 acres
-in partnership with his mother.
-They keep over 1,000 cross Suffolk
-ewes and 300 mule ewes.
-They are currently
-in the middle of lambing.
-Most have them have come in...
-..since the end of November
-We get them in early
-to let the grass grow for them.
-That saves us
-buying feed for them.
-You see yourself
-as a pasture farmer.
-Oh, yes, yes.
-There's no doubt about that.
-Last year, we left the sheep out
-a little bit longer...
-..only a fortnight longer...
-..and I wouldn't say
-it was a bad season...
-..but we turned out a tonne and
-a half of feed daily in the fields.
-it's no more than two bags a day.
-It's ultimately a huge saving.
-It shows how the weather
-influences any season.
-Oh, yes. This year,
-the weather's been fantastic.
-There's only been a handful
-of rainy days in the past month.
-It's been a great help.
-The sheep and lambs are out and
-there's no need to worry about them.
-This year, Arwyn is working closely
-with Farming Connect...
-the use of antibiotics...
-more responsible use of medication.
-Blood samples are taken to test
-the level of immunoglobulin...
-..which gives an indication
-of the quality of colostrum.
-Sheep are weighed,
-from birth to the abattoir...
-..to monitor the rate of growth.
-Farming Connect have visited
-the farm for the past year.
-They went through everything
-We assessed the business...
-..and realised we were spending
-a lot on doses.
-We looked at the antibiotics...
-..and I know I spend a lot more
-per sheep than the average.
-We checked to see
-where the money was being spent.
-Have you received the results?
-We always test silage -
-we took a ration off the silage.
-We use 19% nuggets.
-We test the silage to check
-how much nuggets we use.
-That's what we've done every year.
-This year, we metabolically profiled
-..by testing their blood
-for energy levels.
-I thought everything was fine.
-The first results showed
-we were deficient by three joules.
-We increased the feed 125 grams...
-Having done so,
-we tested again after lambing...
-..and tested the colostrum and
-found that it had made a difference.
-is something I can do every year.
-I can take a sample
-from every batch.
-You're already seeing
-We had one batch
-right at the beginning...
-..and we didn't
-give them antibiotics.
-We tested those lambs and
-the colostrum level was very high...
-..and the antibody levels were high.
-That gives me confidence
-in the system.
-Working side by side with that
-system, on the technical side...
-..hygiene is very important for you
-and you adhere to it fully.
-I'm thinking of taking
-someone on part time.
-We clean out every single pen...
-..and lime the empty pens.
-Paying a wage to that person,
-I know it's a cost...
-..but if we can make savings
-on the lambs and the antibiotics...
-..it pays for itself.
-This year, we started cleaning out
-the sheep sheds every fortnight.
-One batch lasts for a fortnight.
-When one batch has been lambed,
-we clean out before the next.
-Today, vet Kate Hovers
-continues to test the herd...
-..and Gethin Davies from
-Farming Connect is also visiting...
-..with an update on the project.
-We're all aware of the risks
-of antibiotic resistance.
-I'm not in general practice anymore.
-I do some consultancy work.
-I work in the lab in Aberystwyth,
-the Wales Veterinary Science Centre.
-From that side, we see
-when animals have died of disease...
-..and we'll send samples away
-to find out what bacteria.
-We'll see resistance
-to antibiotics there...
-..as well as in the human medicine.
-We need to control
-antibiotic use for animals.
-Antibiotics are very useful
-to treat disease when we need to...
-..but the right antibiotic at
-the right amount at the right time.
-what inspired this project?
-Did it come from the farmers
-or was it something you suggested?
-Arwyn was concerned they were
-using too much antibiotics.
-It's a timely subject, there's been
-a lot of speculation about it.
-There are reports
-in the newspapers almost daily...
-..about antibiotic use
-At the moment,
-I think the sheep sector...
-..is being reflected
-It's not been given the same
-attention as other sectors...
-..but it's encouraging
-to see Welsh farmers showing...
-..that they are at the forefront
-and being proactive....
-..in dealing with the problem.
-They are actively trying
-to decrease the use.
-It seems that the colostrum
-is doing the work of the antibiotic.
-At times, there's no need
-to use the antibiotic.
-It's important to look after
-the welfare of the lamb initially...
-high quality colostrum.
-Hopefully, that decreases
-the need to use antibiotics.
-Is this process expensive?
-Would it deter some farmers
-from using it?
-I wouldn't say it was expensive.
-We test the metabolic profile
-of the sheep.
-That costs 120 for 20 sheep.
-We choose a cross-section
-..single lambs, single sheep, twins
-and sheep carrying three lambs.
-I'm sure anyone would agree,
-with the number of sheep he has...
-..it makes perfect economic sense.
-Ultimately, we're trying to improve
-the efficiency of Arwyn's business.
-We're reducing his vet bills...
-..and improving the efficiency
-of his herd at the same time.
-A win-win situation.
-Farming Connect have organised
-For more information, visit their
-website or contact them by phone.
-That's all for now.
-In Part 2, Meinir meets a family
-of farmers from Carmarthenshire...
-..who've adapted old farm buildings
-in a rather unusual way.
-Many farms have been forced
-..to increase the farm's income.
-Meinir has visited one successful
-venture in the Tywi valley.
-Here's the story.
-Gareth and Ann Davies keep sheep
-and 120 Holstein dairy cows...
-..at the family farm
-in Llanarthney, Carmarthenshire.
-They've adapted an old barn
-into a nursery for young children.
-has the responsibility...
-..of looking after the children.
-I've wanted to open a nursery
-since I was a young girl.
-I'd looked at different locations
-in the area.
-We looked at what
-we could adapt on the farm...
-..to allow us to have
-a nursery close to home.
-We wanted to make the farm
-part of the nursery.
-Where do the children come from?
-They come from across
-the whole area.
-Some come from Cross Hands
-and the Gwendraeth valley.
-Some come from Llandeilo,
-we have one family from Ammanford.
-Most choose us
-because of the farm...
-..and the option
-of spending time outside.
-If that means an extra 10 minutes
-on the daily commute, they'll do it.
-What outdoor activities
-do you organise for the children?
-We're outside at least twice a day.
-In the morning,
-we go for a walk down the lane.
-We're here, out the back,
-We have bikes,
-a mud kitchen, sand...
-..vegetables, fruit and trees.
-It all depends on the seasons
-and the weather conditions.
-The activities change
-from week to week.
-We visit the farm buildings
-during lambing and to see the cows.
-Dad also brings the animals
-up to the nursery...
-..and also leaves them
-in the nearby fields...
-..so that the children can see them.
-Most of the staff are local.
-How many do you employ?
-We have a team of 10 staff.
-We all speak Welsh and that helps
-the children learn Welsh.
-Gwenllian's sisters have left home.
-Cerys works as a dentist
-and Sian is a psychologist.
-This unique development has allowed
-Gwenllian to stay close to home...
-..on the family farm.
-How great was the decision
-to do something like this?
-It's a big decision
-and a major investment.
-From our point of view,
-for the farm's business...
-..and also for Gareth's mother.
-If she hadn't been happy
-with all the cars arriving daily...
-..and all this new life on the farm,
-we would have stopped it then.
-She was more than happy
-to allow us to adapt the building...
-..and give Gwenllian the opportunity
-to establish a business...
-..and help her develop her business
-within the community.
-One of Gwenllian's strengths
-is her experience in this field.
-She's only 23 years old...
-..and we started the business
-when she was 20 years old.
-She did her A Levels
-with this in mind.
-She completed her business plan
-as part of her business course.
-She worked in nurseries in Cardiff,
-St Clears and Trinity College.
-She also worked as an au pair
-in Italy for three months.
-For you, it meant restructuring
-the business, Gareth.
-We didn't have any plans
-for that building...
-..so that worked out for us.
-She also wanted some of the field
-as a children's playground.
-You had to find another field
-for lambing though!
-Yes, but we wanted to help her
-start the business.
-It's worked out for us.
-This field pays more raising
-children than it does rearing sheep!
-Oh, yes, it does. A lot more.
-You have to try new things.
-Yes, with farming as it is,
-and the milk price as it is.
-It's starting to rise right now
-but it might start dropping again.
-We just keep going.
-How difficult is it for Gwenllian to
-develop a business in rural Wales?
-There are grants -
-we received a grant.
-For us, the grant wasn't
-a job creation grant...
-a building redevelopment grant.
-That was a lot of help for us.
-It covered one-third of the cost
-of renovating the building.
-In terms of business creation...
-..you must do what you enjoy doing.
-For Gwenllian, it was childcare.
-You just have to go for it.
-I've always told my daughters
-there's no shame in failing.
-The only shame is in not trying.
-The nursery is popular with families
-from the locality and beyond.
-I looked at the location
-and decided right away.
-That fact that it's on farmland...
-..it was something
-I wanted Mared to experience.
-I had to return to full-time work.
-I was eager for her to have
-experience of being on a farm.
-The staff were eager for her
-to have experiences on the farm.
-I was happy for her to come here.
-I didn't think twice
-about sending her to this nursery.
-You're full at the moment.
-Are there any plans to expand?
-Yes, we're full at the moment.
-Parents are reserving places
-for September and next January.
-There are no immediate plans
-to expand the business.
-We're glad it's successful
-and booked up.
-We know all the children
-and their families.
-That's important to me.
-I'm worried if we expand,
-we might lose that strong bond...
-..with the parents.
-As a young woman, what's been
-the biggest challenge for you...
-..starting a new business?
-To be honest, probably
-the financial side of the business.
-I'm very fortunate
-to have Mam and Dad.
-They helped me
-establish the business...
-..and invested money
-to renovate the building.
-I think we were fortunate
-to receive the grant.
-The grant to help start a business
-in a rural area was important to us.
-Without it, I don't think we could
-have started in the first place.
-It's helped keep me in Llanarthney.
-I'm glad Mam and Dad
-allowed me to do this.
-I think the children
-should have the final word.
-What do you think of Cwtsh y Clos?
-Last week, the NFU's annual
-conference was held in Birmingham.
-Here's what happened.
-Over 1,000 members
-visited the two-day conference.
-It was a chance
-to listen to industry leaders.
-The theme was
-Brexit: Ingredients For Success.
-A strong representation
-travelled from Wales.
-We have many members here today.
-We have what we call
-the next generation group here...
-..a group of young farmers.
-We enjoy showing them
-what we do as an union.
-It's important for us, as Welsh
-farmers, to discuss Welsh topics.
-We're devolved in Cardiff.
-To be fair, the Assembly Minister,
-Lesley Griffiths, was here with us.
-The three most important people
-in government for farmers...
-..were also present.
-Brexit will be a challenge for us,
-especially for the market.
-The market is important for us
-in Wales, for red meat especially.
-We need some guarantees
-in terms of where we should invest.
-We're moving on,
-there's no time to hang around.
-A lot of farmers want to invest.
-It's important to have assurances
-to help them decide their future.
-There were sessions
-on every aspect of agriculture.
-Sian Davies spoke about the future
-of the dairy industry.
-She's the NFU's chief dairy advisor.
-It's been an interesting year.
-The last two years have been
-challenging for dairy farmers...
-..in Wales and England.
-The milk price
-was the major talking point.
-I asked the audience
-if they would be content...
-..to accept a contract that would
-give a fixed price for a year...
-..for a level of milk production
-for that year.
-what that price should be.
-I think everyone wants as high
-a price as they can possibly get...
-..but the industry
-is part of a global industry...
-..and the price must be competitive.
-we need to improve the contract.
-Farmers must understand what's fair
-and not fair about the contract.
-Today, we launched a new service,
-the NFU Contract Checking Service.
-Some milk companies have a good
-relationship with their farmers...
-..but there are problems
-in some areas.
-We must improve the dairy contract
-We're calling on the government
-to create a level...
-..where every farmer
-has a fair contract.
-If you want to improve the contract,
-..but there should be no reduction
-in that contract.
-With Brexit negotiations
-on everyone's mind...
-..George Eustice, the government's
-..and Lesley Griffiths, the
-Assembly's rural affairs minister...
-..discussed a future
-outside the European Union.
-We made it clear, as a government...
-..that we need free and unfettered
-access to the single market.
-Theresa May has said that the
-chances of that are pretty remote.
-It's of great concern to us.
-It's a battle we will keep fighting.
-It's a massive issue and really
-important we have that market.
-Andrea Leadsom was questioned
-about transitional arrangements.
-She said the deal would be so good
-we wouldn't need those.
-We will need those arrangements.
-Trade agreements take many years
-to put together.
-It's vital that we protect farming
-in that way.
-is a vital industry.
-The message I've given
-Andrea Leadsom and George Eustice...
-..is that we need to support
-our agriculture sector.
-One of the main issues is finance.
-After 2020, there's a black hole.
-We have a guarantee up to 2020.
-After 2020, we don't know
-what that funding will look like.
-I cannot envisage a time
-when agriculture won't need support.
-we get clarity around finance.
-What did the members think about
-the conference and the debates?
-I think Lesley has concerns about
-free entry into the single market.
-I don't think, in her mind,
-we'll have what we want there.
-George Eustice, on the other hand...
-..believes we'll get it
-and he's positive...
-..that at the end of the 18-month
-or two-year period...
-..we'll have a good agreement.
-I can't see that somehow.
-There are more questions
-To some extent,
-For an industry like this...
-..which must plan
-for the long term...
-..and in our sector, where we
-lend money to the industry...
-..over long periods,
-guarantees are very important.
-We're waiting for more answers.
-I came with a lot of questions,
-I'm going away with a lot more.
-There are so many unknowns.
-We've had a few reassurances,
-if you can take them at face value.
-It would appear that our farming
-ministers are ready to back us.
-It is just really about them
-starting to work together.
-I hope they are not going to go into
-committee-style decision making.
-I hope they're going to set out with
-an end goal and achieve something.
-we're going to be delayed.
-It was nice to hear Lesley Griffiths
-talking openly to everyone.
-She says we deserve
-the same voice as England.
-should be acknowledged...
-..not just the red tractor,
-but the Welsh dragon brand too.
-She said she wanted to see the money
-going directly to Wales.
-One thing that did disappoint me...
-..about the debate between George
-Eustice and Lesley Griffiths...
-..I was adamant that I
-didn't want to see agriculture...
-..used as a bargaining tool.
-It wouldn't be fair.
-I didn't hear enough of a guarantee
-that it wouldn't happen.
-We need that.
-That's all for this week.
-Thanks for joining us.
-I'll see you again next week.
-S4C Subtitles by Adnod Cyf.
Byddwn ni'n edrych ar sut mae un ffermwr yn mynd ati i leihau'r defnydd o gyffuriau gwrthfiotig. Today's programme looks at how one farmer has reduced the use of antibiotics on his farm.