Mon, 27 Feb 2017 Ffermio


Mon, 27 Feb 2017

Byddwn ni'n edrych ar sut mae un ffermwr yn mynd ati i leihau'r defnydd o gyffuriau gwrthfiotig. Today's programme looks at how one farmer has reduced the use of antibiotics on ...


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Transcript


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-I'm sure we're all assessing

-our businesses...

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-..trying to find

-sustainable income for the future.

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-In tonight's programme, we meet

-two families who've done so...

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-..in very different ways.

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-Also tonight, we visit one farm...

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-..where some buildings

-are used as a children's nursery.

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-I've wanted to open a nursery

-since I was a young girl.

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-We looked at what we could change on

-the farm to incorporate a nursery.

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-We'll also report from the annual

-NFU conference in Birmingham.

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-The O'Neill report,

-published last year...

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-..covered the over-reliance

-on antibiotic drugs...

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-..in the NHS and in agriculture.

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-The government has taken steps

-to lower the use in agriculture.

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-This week,

-Alun spoke to one farmer...

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-..who's implementing

-the changes right now.

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-Plas Llandegfan, Anglesey,

-is the home of Arwyn Jones.

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-He farms 900 acres

-in partnership with his mother.

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-They keep over 1,000 cross Suffolk

-ewes and 300 mule ewes.

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-They are currently

-in the middle of lambing.

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-Most have them have come in...

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-..since the end of November

-and December.

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-We get them in early

-to let the grass grow for them.

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-That saves us

-buying feed for them.

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-You see yourself

-as a pasture farmer.

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-Oh, yes, yes.

-There's no doubt about that.

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-Last year, we left the sheep out

-a little bit longer...

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-..only a fortnight longer...

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-..and I wouldn't say

-it was a bad season...

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-..but we turned out a tonne and

-a half of feed daily in the fields.

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-This year,

-it's no more than two bags a day.

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-It's ultimately a huge saving.

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-It shows how the weather

-influences any season.

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-Oh, yes. This year,

-the weather's been fantastic.

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-There's only been a handful

-of rainy days in the past month.

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-It's been a great help.

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-The sheep and lambs are out and

-there's no need to worry about them.

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-This year, Arwyn is working closely

-with Farming Connect...

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-..to reduce

-the use of antibiotics...

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-..and encourage

-more responsible use of medication.

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-Blood samples are taken to test

-the level of immunoglobulin...

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-..which gives an indication

-of the quality of colostrum.

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-Sheep are weighed,

-from birth to the abattoir...

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-..to monitor the rate of growth.

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-Farming Connect have visited

-the farm for the past year.

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-They went through everything

-with us.

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-We assessed the business...

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-..and realised we were spending

-a lot on doses.

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-We looked at the antibiotics...

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-..and I know I spend a lot more

-per sheep than the average.

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-We checked to see

-where the money was being spent.

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-Have you received the results?

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-Oh, yes.

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-We always test silage -

-we took a ration off the silage.

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-We use 19% nuggets.

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-We test the silage to check

-how much nuggets we use.

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-That's what we've done every year.

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-This year, we metabolically profiled

-the sheep...

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-..by testing their blood

-for energy levels.

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-I thought everything was fine.

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-The first results showed

-we were deficient by three joules.

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-We increased the feed 125 grams...

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-Per sheep?

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-Per sheep?

-

-Per sheep.

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-Having done so,

-we tested again after lambing...

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-..and tested the colostrum and

-found that it had made a difference.

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-This project

-is something I can do every year.

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-I can take a sample

-from every batch.

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-You're already seeing

-positive results.

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-Definitely.

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-We had one batch

-right at the beginning...

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-..and we didn't

-give them antibiotics.

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-We tested those lambs and

-the colostrum level was very high...

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-..and the antibody levels were high.

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-That gives me confidence

-in the system.

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-Working side by side with that

-system, on the technical side...

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-..hygiene is very important for you

-and you adhere to it fully.

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-I'm thinking of taking

-someone on part time.

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-We clean out every single pen...

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-..and lime the empty pens.

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-Paying a wage to that person,

-I know it's a cost...

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-..but if we can make savings

-on the lambs and the antibiotics...

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-..it pays for itself.

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-This year, we started cleaning out

-the sheep sheds every fortnight.

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-One batch lasts for a fortnight.

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-When one batch has been lambed,

-we clean out before the next.

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-Today, vet Kate Hovers

-continues to test the herd...

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-..and Gethin Davies from

-Farming Connect is also visiting...

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-..with an update on the project.

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-We're all aware of the risks

-of antibiotic resistance.

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-I'm not in general practice anymore.

-I do some consultancy work.

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-I work in the lab in Aberystwyth,

-the Wales Veterinary Science Centre.

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-From that side, we see

-when animals have died of disease...

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-..and we'll send samples away

-to find out what bacteria.

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-We'll see resistance

-to antibiotics there...

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-..as well as in the human medicine.

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-We need to control

-antibiotic use for animals.

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-Antibiotics are very useful

-to treat disease when we need to...

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-..but the right antibiotic at

-the right amount at the right time.

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-So Gethin,

-what inspired this project?

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-Did it come from the farmers

-or was it something you suggested?

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-Arwyn was concerned they were

-using too much antibiotics.

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-It's a timely subject, there's been

-a lot of speculation about it.

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-There are reports

-in the newspapers almost daily...

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-..about antibiotic use

-in agriculture.

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-At the moment,

-I think the sheep sector...

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-..is being reflected

-rather favourably.

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-It's not been given the same

-attention as other sectors...

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-..but it's encouraging

-to see Welsh farmers showing...

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-..that they are at the forefront

-and being proactive....

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-..in dealing with the problem.

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-They are actively trying

-to decrease the use.

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-It seems that the colostrum

-is doing the work of the antibiotic.

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-At times, there's no need

-to use the antibiotic.

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-It's important to look after

-the welfare of the lamb initially...

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-..with enough

-high quality colostrum.

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-Hopefully, that decreases

-the need to use antibiotics.

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-Is this process expensive?

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-Would it deter some farmers

-from using it?

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-I wouldn't say it was expensive.

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-We test the metabolic profile

-of the sheep.

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-That costs 120 for 20 sheep.

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-We choose a cross-section

-of sheep...

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-..single lambs, single sheep, twins

-and sheep carrying three lambs.

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-I'm sure anyone would agree,

-with the number of sheep he has...

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-..it makes perfect economic sense.

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-Ultimately, we're trying to improve

-the efficiency of Arwyn's business.

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-We're reducing his vet bills...

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-..and improving the efficiency

-of his herd at the same time.

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-A win-win situation.

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-Farming Connect have organised

-many events.

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-For more information, visit their

-website or contact them by phone.

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-That's all for now.

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-In Part 2, Meinir meets a family

-of farmers from Carmarthenshire...

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-..who've adapted old farm buildings

-in a rather unusual way.

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-.

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-Subtitles

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-Subtitles

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-Welcome back.

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-Many farms have been forced

-to diversify...

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-..to increase the farm's income.

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-Meinir has visited one successful

-venture in the Tywi valley.

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-Here's the story.

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-Gareth and Ann Davies keep sheep

-and 120 Holstein dairy cows...

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-..at the family farm

-in Llanarthney, Carmarthenshire.

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-They've adapted an old barn

-into a nursery for young children.

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-Daughter Gwenllian

-has the responsibility...

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-..of looking after the children.

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-I've wanted to open a nursery

-since I was a young girl.

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-I'd looked at different locations

-in the area.

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-We looked at what

-we could adapt on the farm...

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-..to allow us to have

-a nursery close to home.

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-We wanted to make the farm

-part of the nursery.

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-Where do the children come from?

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-They come from across

-the whole area.

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-Some come from Cross Hands

-and the Gwendraeth valley.

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-Some come from Llandeilo,

-we have one family from Ammanford.

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-Most choose us

-because of the farm...

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-..and the option

-of spending time outside.

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-If that means an extra 10 minutes

-on the daily commute, they'll do it.

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-What outdoor activities

-do you organise for the children?

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-We're outside at least twice a day.

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-In the morning,

-we go for a walk down the lane.

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-We're here, out the back,

-every afternoon.

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-We have bikes,

-a mud kitchen, sand...

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-..vegetables, fruit and trees.

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-It all depends on the seasons

-and the weather conditions.

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-The activities change

-from week to week.

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-We visit the farm buildings

-during lambing and to see the cows.

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-Dad also brings the animals

-up to the nursery...

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-..and also leaves them

-in the nearby fields...

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-..so that the children can see them.

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-Most of the staff are local.

-How many do you employ?

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-We have a team of 10 staff.

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-We all speak Welsh and that helps

-the children learn Welsh.

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-Gwenllian's sisters have left home.

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-Cerys works as a dentist

-and Sian is a psychologist.

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-This unique development has allowed

-Gwenllian to stay close to home...

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-..on the family farm.

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-How great was the decision

-to do something like this?

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-It's a big decision

-and a major investment.

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-From our point of view,

-for the farm's business...

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-..and also for Gareth's mother.

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-If she hadn't been happy

-with all the cars arriving daily...

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-..and all this new life on the farm,

-we would have stopped it then.

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-She was more than happy

-to allow us to adapt the building...

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-..and give Gwenllian the opportunity

-to establish a business...

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-..and help her develop her business

-within the community.

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-One of Gwenllian's strengths

-is her experience in this field.

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-She's only 23 years old...

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-..and we started the business

-when she was 20 years old.

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-She did her A Levels

-with this in mind.

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-She completed her business plan

-as part of her business course.

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-She worked in nurseries in Cardiff,

-St Clears and Trinity College.

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-She also worked as an au pair

-in Italy for three months.

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-For you, it meant restructuring

-the business, Gareth.

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-We didn't have any plans

-for that building...

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-..so that worked out for us.

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-She also wanted some of the field

-as a children's playground.

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-You had to find another field

-for lambing though!

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-Yes, but we wanted to help her

-start the business.

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-It's worked out for us.

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-This field pays more raising

-children than it does rearing sheep!

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-Oh, yes, it does. A lot more.

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-You have to try new things.

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-Yes, with farming as it is,

-and the milk price as it is.

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-It's starting to rise right now

-but it might start dropping again.

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-We just keep going.

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-How difficult is it for Gwenllian to

-develop a business in rural Wales?

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-There are grants -

-we received a grant.

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-For us, the grant wasn't

-a job creation grant...

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-..it was

-a building redevelopment grant.

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-That was a lot of help for us.

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-It covered one-third of the cost

-of renovating the building.

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-In terms of business creation...

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-..you must do what you enjoy doing.

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-For Gwenllian, it was childcare.

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-You just have to go for it.

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-I've always told my daughters

-there's no shame in failing.

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-The only shame is in not trying.

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-The nursery is popular with families

-from the locality and beyond.

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-I looked at the location

-and decided right away.

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-That fact that it's on farmland...

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-..it was something

-I wanted Mared to experience.

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-I had to return to full-time work.

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-I was eager for her to have

-experience of being on a farm.

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-The staff were eager for her

-to have experiences on the farm.

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-I was happy for her to come here.

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-I didn't think twice

-about sending her to this nursery.

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-You're full at the moment.

-Are there any plans to expand?

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-Yes, we're full at the moment.

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-Parents are reserving places

-for September and next January.

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-There are no immediate plans

-to expand the business.

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-We're glad it's successful

-and booked up.

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-We know all the children

-and their families.

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-That's important to me.

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-I'm worried if we expand,

-we might lose that strong bond...

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-..with the parents.

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-As a young woman, what's been

-the biggest challenge for you...

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-..starting a new business?

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-To be honest, probably

-the financial side of the business.

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-I'm very fortunate

-to have Mam and Dad.

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-They helped me

-establish the business...

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-..and invested money

-to renovate the building.

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-I think we were fortunate

-to receive the grant.

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-The grant to help start a business

-in a rural area was important to us.

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-Without it, I don't think we could

-have started in the first place.

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-It's helped keep me in Llanarthney.

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-I'm glad Mam and Dad

-allowed me to do this.

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-I think the children

-should have the final word.

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-What do you think of Cwtsh y Clos?

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-Enjoy!

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-Last week, the NFU's annual

-conference was held in Birmingham.

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-Here's what happened.

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-Over 1,000 members

-visited the two-day conference.

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-It was a chance

-to listen to industry leaders.

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-The theme was

-Brexit: Ingredients For Success.

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-A strong representation

-travelled from Wales.

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-We have many members here today.

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-We have what we call

-the next generation group here...

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-..a group of young farmers.

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-We enjoy showing them

-what we do as an union.

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-It's important for us, as Welsh

-farmers, to discuss Welsh topics.

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-We're devolved in Cardiff.

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-To be fair, the Assembly Minister,

-Lesley Griffiths, was here with us.

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-The three most important people

-in government for farmers...

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-..were also present.

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-Brexit will be a challenge for us,

-especially for the market.

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-The market is important for us

-in Wales, for red meat especially.

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-We need some guarantees

-in terms of where we should invest.

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-We're moving on,

-there's no time to hang around.

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-A lot of farmers want to invest.

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-It's important to have assurances

-to help them decide their future.

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-There were sessions

-on every aspect of agriculture.

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-Sian Davies spoke about the future

-of the dairy industry.

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-She's the NFU's chief dairy advisor.

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-It's been an interesting year.

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-The last two years have been

-challenging for dairy farmers...

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-..in Wales and England.

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-The milk price

-was the major talking point.

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-I asked the audience

-if they would be content...

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-..to accept a contract that would

-give a fixed price for a year...

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-..for a level of milk production

-for that year.

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-We debated

-what that price should be.

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-I think everyone wants as high

-a price as they can possibly get...

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-..but the industry

-is part of a global industry...

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-..and the price must be competitive.

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-Ultimately,

-we need to improve the contract.

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-Farmers must understand what's fair

-and not fair about the contract.

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-Today, we launched a new service,

-the NFU Contract Checking Service.

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-Some milk companies have a good

-relationship with their farmers...

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-..but there are problems

-in some areas.

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-We must improve the dairy contract

-for everyone.

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-We're calling on the government

-to create a level...

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-..where every farmer

-has a fair contract.

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-If you want to improve the contract,

-that's fine...

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-..but there should be no reduction

-in that contract.

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-With Brexit negotiations

-on everyone's mind...

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-..George Eustice, the government's

-agriculture minister...

0:19:200:19:24

-..and Lesley Griffiths, the

-Assembly's rural affairs minister...

0:19:240:19:28

-..discussed a future

-outside the European Union.

0:19:280:19:32

-We made it clear, as a government...

0:19:320:19:35

-..that we need free and unfettered

-access to the single market.

0:19:360:19:40

-Theresa May has said that the

-chances of that are pretty remote.

0:19:400:19:45

-It's of great concern to us.

-It's a battle we will keep fighting.

0:19:450:19:49

-It's a massive issue and really

-important we have that market.

0:19:490:19:53

-Andrea Leadsom was questioned

-about transitional arrangements.

0:19:530:19:58

-She said the deal would be so good

-we wouldn't need those.

0:19:580:20:01

-We will need those arrangements.

0:20:010:20:04

-Trade agreements take many years

-to put together.

0:20:040:20:07

-It's vital that we protect farming

-in that way.

0:20:080:20:11

-Welsh agriculture

-is a vital industry.

0:20:110:20:14

-The message I've given

-Andrea Leadsom and George Eustice...

0:20:140:20:18

-..is that we need to support

-our agriculture sector.

0:20:180:20:22

-One of the main issues is finance.

0:20:220:20:25

-After 2020, there's a black hole.

-We have a guarantee up to 2020.

0:20:250:20:29

-After 2020, we don't know

-what that funding will look like.

0:20:290:20:34

-I cannot envisage a time

-when agriculture won't need support.

0:20:340:20:38

-It's vital

-we get clarity around finance.

0:20:390:20:42

-What did the members think about

-the conference and the debates?

0:20:460:20:51

-I think Lesley has concerns about

-free entry into the single market.

0:20:510:20:57

-I don't think, in her mind,

-we'll have what we want there.

0:20:570:21:01

-George Eustice, on the other hand...

0:21:020:21:04

-..believes we'll get it

-and he's positive...

0:21:040:21:08

-..that at the end of the 18-month

-or two-year period...

0:21:080:21:12

-..we'll have a good agreement.

0:21:120:21:14

-I can't see that somehow.

0:21:150:21:16

-There are more questions

-than answers.

0:21:170:21:21

-To some extent,

-that's understandable.

0:21:210:21:24

-For an industry like this...

0:21:240:21:26

-..which must plan

-for the long term...

0:21:260:21:30

-..and in our sector, where we

-lend money to the industry...

0:21:310:21:35

-..over long periods,

-guarantees are very important.

0:21:350:21:39

-We're waiting for more answers.

0:21:390:21:42

-I came with a lot of questions,

-I'm going away with a lot more.

0:21:420:21:46

-There are so many unknowns.

0:21:460:21:48

-We've had a few reassurances,

-if you can take them at face value.

0:21:480:21:52

-It would appear that our farming

-ministers are ready to back us.

0:21:530:21:57

-It is just really about them

-starting to work together.

0:21:580:22:02

-I hope they are not going to go into

-committee-style decision making.

0:22:020:22:07

-I hope they're going to set out with

-an end goal and achieve something.

0:22:070:22:12

-Otherwise,

-we're going to be delayed.

0:22:130:22:15

-It was nice to hear Lesley Griffiths

-talking openly to everyone.

0:22:150:22:20

-She says we deserve

-the same voice as England.

0:22:200:22:23

-Welsh farming

-should be acknowledged...

0:22:240:22:27

-..not just the red tractor,

-but the Welsh dragon brand too.

0:22:270:22:31

-She said she wanted to see the money

-going directly to Wales.

0:22:310:22:35

-One thing that did disappoint me...

0:22:350:22:37

-..about the debate between George

-Eustice and Lesley Griffiths...

0:22:380:22:42

-..I was adamant that I

-didn't want to see agriculture...

0:22:420:22:47

-..used as a bargaining tool.

0:22:470:22:49

-It wouldn't be fair.

0:22:490:22:51

-I didn't hear enough of a guarantee

-that it wouldn't happen.

0:22:520:22:56

-We need that.

0:22:560:22:57

-That's all for this week.

0:23:020:23:04

-Thanks for joining us.

0:23:040:23:06

-I'll see you again next week.

-Goodbye.

0:23:060:23:09

-S4C Subtitles by Adnod Cyf.

0:23:260:23:28

-.

0:23:290:23:29

Byddwn ni'n edrych ar sut mae un ffermwr yn mynd ati i leihau'r defnydd o gyffuriau gwrthfiotig. Today's programme looks at how one farmer has reduced the use of antibiotics on his farm.


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