Mynyddoedd y Byd: Y Rockies Mynyddoedd y Byd


Mynyddoedd y Byd: Y Rockies

Y newyddiadurwraig Sian Lloyd sy'n cwrdd a phobl y Rockies ac yn gweld y byfflo gwyllt yn dod yn ol i'r copaon. Journalist Sian Lloyd enjoys the spectacle of the wild bison in t...


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-Mountains.

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-The upper reaches of the world.

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-A challenge and inspiration

-for humanity.

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-The people of the mountains

-are tough and inventive.

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-They've learnt how to live here

-and maintain a culture.

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-Below, the world is getting warmer.

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-The climate is changing.

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-The mountains are not separate from

-the fate of the rest of the planet.

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-From the peaks of Korea to the hills

-of the Rwenzori in Africa.

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-From the Alps to the Andes.

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-From the Rockies to the Himalayas.

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-This is the story of living

-on the high parts of Earth.

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-The mountains of the world.

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-The Canadian province of Alberta.

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-An opportunity

-for me to realize a dream.

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-Today, I don't have to chase a story

-like I do as a BBC News reporter.

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-I've come to see the Rockies

-in all their splendour...

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-..and to witness the effect

-that these mountains have...

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-..on visitors, on locals...

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-..and on the people who can trace

-their ancestors in the Rockies...

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-..over centuries.

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-Only one word can describe

-that effect - inspirational.

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-So many stories

-emanate from these mountains.

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-We must put our ears to the ground

-and hear our forefathers.

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-While the secret knowledge

-of the mountains inspires some...

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-..for others,

-it's an escape from everyday life.

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-For me, the mountains

-is where we feel a kind of energy.

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-I feel more whole...

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-..less stressed by technology

-and the pressures of our culture.

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-Not that everything

-in the Rockies comes easy.

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-It's hard to think about the arms

-and legs at the same time.

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-I don't want to fall.

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-But if you put the effort in...

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-..it's a great experience.

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-For wheelchair users, the freedom of

-the slopes transforms their lives.

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-Their eyes dazzling.

-Their smiling faces - priceless!

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-The wind on their skin - success!

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-Being in the mountains

-is beneficial to everyone's health.

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-There are now efforts to restore

-the health of the environment too.

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-Animals who were crucial

-to the mountains' natural balance...

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-..have started a strange journey

-back to their habitat.

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-The dream is

-for the bison to return...

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-..to graze and roam the land

-once more.

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-For First Nations people,

-reintroducing the bison...

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-..is like having an old relation

-back on the mountains.

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-The bison is central

-to their legends and customs.

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-The Big Spirit gave us the bison

-to help sustain our way of life.

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-In the Rockies, there's more to

-nature than the beautiful landscape.

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-The mountain spirit

-permeates through people's lives.

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-The Mountain is our High Chief.

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-When you see it, you've come home.

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-From New Mexico in the USA

-to British Columbia in Canada.

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-The Rockies stretch 5,000km

-across North America.

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-The first Europeans

-came here 300 years ago.

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-They discovered a striking landscape

-teeming with wildlife.

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-The Rockies are beautiful

-all year round.

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-But in the winter, it's magical.

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-Fur and minerals

-attracted the first travellers.

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-Before the 20th century, the people

-here came to the conclusion...

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-..that the mountains' beauty

-was even more valuable.

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-Banff was the third National Park

-in the history of the world.

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-People visit from all over - it's

-world famous for its wild mountains.

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-A habitat for wildlife - that's

-the idea behind the National Park.

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-A home for wildlife

-but a place for people to visit too.

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-The National Park expresses

-our love towards the old country.

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-It says, "I love my landscape

-and I demand that it's protected."

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-Wildlife and the opportunity to see

-something bigger than ourselves...

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-..that's the Park in essence.

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-The challenge for Banff is to

-welcome 4 million visitors a year...

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-..without losing

-the Park's natural spirit.

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-In the middle of this tourist

-dilemma is the town of Banff.

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-It was originally a town for

-Canadian Pacific Railway workers.

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-But, for skaters, skiers and

-climbers, it's a winter paradise.

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-There are all sorts of activities

-to be enjoyed here.

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-But don't forget your snow shoes.

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-The area

-is famous for its creativity.

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-A sculpture festival

-is one of many events...

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-..which attracts people to ponder

-the beauty that surrounds them.

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-Some of Canada's most famous

-artists and authors...

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-..have been inspired

-by the rugged landscape.

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-The Rockies - the rocky mountains.

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-The name suggests that they're

-tough, unyielding and solid.

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-But for people

-of the First Nations...

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-..they think of them

-in a totally different way.

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-The mountains have been there

-for thousands of years.

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-They understand things

-that we don't.

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-We come to the mountains

-in search of knowledge...

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-..to learn from every animal here.

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-We aren't the smartest creatures.

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-We only play a small part.

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-We depend on the mountains

-for wisdom and courage.

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-The native people believe

-that these mountains are alive.

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-In the world around them,

-nothing is really dead.

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-They regularly talk about spirit.

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-The landforms, trees and plants

-all have a soul.

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-When talking about my family...

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-..I'm not only talking

-about people...

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-..I'm talking about every spirit

-that exists in the mountains.

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-For First Nations people...

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-..the mountains link the past

-with the present...

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-..and create a channel

-that rises to their creator.

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-One of the elders

-of the Blackfoot Confederacy...

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-..is Treffrey Deerfoot.

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-Through dance, poetry and legends,

-he calls on the mountain spirits...

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-..to share their wisdom

-with the modern world.

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-I come to the mountain

-with our young people...

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-..or men who are stressed out...

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-..and here,

-they begin to listen to nature.

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-The power of the experience

-changes many.

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-They come down the mountain

-with a different outlook on life.

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-The mountains speak volumes.

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-How important every creature is,

-even the grass.

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-Living in the middle of nature

-is vital to Treffrey's people.

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-It's the source of their knowledge.

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-People would come to the mountain...

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-..and the animals

-would come towards them...

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-..and say,

-"This is what must be done."

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-Then they'd go down

-to tell the people...

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-.."This is what the spirits

-want us to do."

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-The most important animal of all

-to the First Nations was the bison.

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-Before the arrival

-of the Europeans...

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-..huge herds of them

-roamed North America.

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-It's hard to believe

-and even harder to imagine...

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-..but, at one time,

-up to 50 million of them lived here.

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-But in the 19th century,

-they were mercilessly hunted...

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-..to make leather from their hides.

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-Their bones were used as fertilizer

-on the land.

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-Many factors

-contributed to their demise.

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-The prairies were cultivated,

-cattle replaced the bison...

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-..the bison were hunted

-for their fur and leather...

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-..and the leather was used to make

-large belts to turn the machines...

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-..in the factories

-of the Industrial Revolution.

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-But for conservationists' efforts,

-the bison would have disappeared.

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-From those millions, less than 1,000

-remained 80 years later. Stupefying.

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-Today, for the first time

-in over a century...

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-..the bison are on their way back

-to the mountains.

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-A venture by Parks Canada

-is responsible.

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-The aim is to release 16 bison...

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-..in a remote valley

-in the Banff National Park.

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-Restoring the wild bison -

-that's the dream for the future.

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-It's important for the ecology

-of the Park and to us as humans...

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-..as recompense for destroying the

-bison. It's the right thing to do.

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-It's more than restoring an animal

-to the ecosystem.

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-It also treats an old wound,

-and heals it.

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-That healing is about to happen,

-in the most dramatic of ways.

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-The ancient beauty of the Rockies

-is extraordinary.

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-But for people who love

-the mountains' history and nature...

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-..there's something missing.

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-There were millions of bison on

-the plains and mountains in Banff...

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-..just 150-200 years ago.

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-They'd all disappeared by 1880.

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-But the bisons' spirit

-has endured...

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-..in the customs

-of the area's native people.

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-The bison roamed the mountains...

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-..and the elk and the deer

-and other creatures.

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-I present to you the Dance of the

-Bison given to the people of earth.

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-Wow! To see and film the

-Dance of the Bison is rare indeed.

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-It's something

-only a few visitors get to do.

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-It's not me doing the dance...

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-..it's the spirit of the bison

-that uses my body to tell its story.

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-The spirit of the mountains

-give stories to the people of earth.

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-Stories for us to use

-in everyday life.

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-The bison used to graze here...

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-..and sustained the lives

-of my forefathers.

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-For First Nations people,

-the bison is more than an animal.

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-It's an integral part

-of their lives.

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-"We are the bison

-and the bison are us," they say.

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-My father was raised by people

-who used to hunt the bison.

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-I'm one generation

-from the hunting experience.

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-There were still memories of

-the bison - the spirit of the bison.

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-That spirit

-was like a brother to me.

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-Here, the land, the animals

-and people all belong to one family.

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-Losing part of the world around you

-is like losing part of your soul.

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-If you took the mountain

-away from me...

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-..you'd take a little of my identity

-as one of the Blackfoot.

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-If you took the bison

-away from me...

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-..you'd take a big part

-of my identity.

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-Without a doubt, the disappearance

-of the bison from the mountains...

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-..was a big blow

-to the First Nations.

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-But some tribes breed a few of them

-and keep them as farmed cattle.

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-It feels very special

-to be this close to the bison.

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-They were fundamentally important

-to First Nations people...

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-..in lots of ways.

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-We depended on the bison.

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-The bison were our life.

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-The bison were food for us,

-and clothed us too.

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-We made bells from their horns.

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-The sound of the dance

-originates from the horns.

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-The Big Spirit gave us the bison

-to help sustain our way of life.

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-Our lives depended on the bison.

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-But the White Man came

-and destroyed the bison...

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-..almost completely.

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-Without the bison, life was hard

-for Henry's forefathers.

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-They had to maintain their

-traditions as best they could...

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-..on the reservations.

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-But, Parks Canada

-are starting a project...

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-..of great importance

-to First Nations people.

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-The bison are on their way back

-to the Rockies.

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-They've come from another

-national park in Alberta.

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-They're descendants

-of the few wild animals...

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-..that were rescued

-at the turn of the 20th century.

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-Among them are six pregnant females.

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-It's an ambitious project.

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-The hope is

-the animals will settle...

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-..and breed successfully

-in their new home.

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-The dream is

-for the bison to return...

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-..to graze and roam the land

-once more...

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-..after a gap of 140 years.

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-It's nightfall, and back

-in my cosy hotel in Banff...

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-..I get the opportunity to reflect

-upon what's about to happen here.

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-Learning about the bison

-from the First Nations people...

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-..was very special.

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-I got a glimpse

-of their culture and traditions.

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-The last two centuries were

-the darkest period in their history.

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-Their languages and way of life

-almost disappeared.

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-But now,

-the bison is on its way back.

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-As a result, it's a new dawn for

-the people who suffered the most...

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-..in the colonization

-that came to their lands.

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-The name of the scheme

-is Bison Belong.

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-It's a name

-which declares unequivocally...

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-..that the bison

-belongs here historically.

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-But the last part of the journey...

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-..calls for a very modern method

-to take them to their new home.

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-This is the only way of ensuring

-that the bison arrives safely...

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-..and can settle in a place that's

-far away enough from modern life.

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-The First Nations have given

-their blessing to the arrangements.

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-For them, bringing this

-iconic animal back to the area...

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-..is more

-than a matter of logistics.

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-They consider the bison

-a part of the family.

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-This land is sacred

-for many of the local tribes.

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-So the elders of the tribes

-have been asked to come together...

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-..to prepare and sign

-an agreement supporting the scheme.

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-The neighbours in the nearby tribes

-hear about this...

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-..through the Moccasin Telegraph,

-as we say.

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-A way of talking to each other

-that's better than the Web!

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-In the Agreement, we talk about

-the bison as a means...

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-..to restore and strengthen

-our culture once more.

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-Old tensions disappear and

-the scheme pulls people together...

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-..in a way

-that couldn't be imagined before.

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-More than 50 tribes

-have signed the Agreement.

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-So our heritage is on its way back.

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-And who's inspiring all of this?

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-It's the bison

-that's bringing us all together!

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-A huge boost for the culture

-of the native people.

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-But expectations are high that the

-natural climate will improve too.

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-As they settle, the bison

-will create fertile pasture.

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-Plants, insects and birds

-will follow in their wake...

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-..and it's highly likely that wolves

-and bears will come to hunt them.

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-The bison

-can restore the entire ecosystem.

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-It's no wonder the project's causing

-a stir in the conservation world.

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-This is a creature that belongs here

-- it's its habitat.

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-It's fundamentally important

-for the First Nations...

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-..for their culture, their

-spiritual life and their identity.

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-Forty kilometres

-from the nearest track, they land.

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-Park officials have set aside

-fenced pasture land.

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-This will be their home

-for the next 18 months.

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-After that, they will be free

-to roam the Rockies once more.

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-At last, the bison has come home.

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-A century and a half after

-disappearing from the mountains...

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-..the bison are back in the Rockies.

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-Since they last grazed here, man

-has left his mark on the landscape.

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-The Pan-American Highway...

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-..prevents all sorts of animals

-from roaming freely.

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-Creating safe corridors

-for the bear, deer and wolf...

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-..is the aim of another

-special project underway here.

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-Y2Y - Yellowstone to Yukon.

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-An ambitious scheme...

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-..to recreate paths

-without obstacles for wildlife...

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-..so they can move around easily

-once more.

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-From Yellowstone in the USA...

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-..all the way to northern Canada.

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-The mountains

-between Yellowstone and Yukon...

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-..are one of the best wild habitats

-in the world.

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-But, even here, the modern world...

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-..interrupts the freedom of animals

-to roam unobstructed.

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-This part of North America

-is at the vanguard...

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-..in ensuring safe paths

-from one national park to the next.

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-Famous parks - Yellowstone, Banff,

-Waterton Glacier, Nahanni...

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-..the idea is

-to connect the Parks as a network.

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-The idea has caught on

-in Parks across the world.

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-The biggest problem is obvious.

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-Every day, up to 30,000 vehicles

-travel on this road.

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-No-one wants to meet a 300kg moose

-coming the other way.

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-The purpose of this overpass...

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-..is to create a safe corridor

-for the animals.

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-We're not allowed to go any closer.

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-But there's one man...

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-..who can show us how

-it helps bears to cross the road.

0:28:050:28:09

-Derek Petersen monitors

-the bridges and underpasses...

0:28:090:28:14

-..built for these animals.

0:28:140:28:17

-We might see something.

0:28:170:28:18

-Let's see

-if we can see anything inside.

0:28:190:28:21

-His work has shed new light...

0:28:210:28:23

-..on how animals

-respond to these structures.

0:28:240:28:27

-With fierce creatures

-like bears and wolves around...

0:28:300:28:33

-..some smaller animals are reluctant

-to use the underpasses.

0:28:340:28:38

-Some favour an overpass.

0:28:390:28:40

-It's 60 metres wide on the top so

-it's like you're moving through...

0:28:410:28:45

-..a block of habitat from one side

-of the highway to the other.

0:28:450:28:48

-It's a very different experience

-to moving through an underpass.

0:28:480:28:52

-Cautious animals like deer

-favour the bridges...

0:28:530:28:57

-..while the black bear...

0:28:580:29:00

-..is happy to walk through

-an enclosed path like this.

0:29:000:29:04

-There's plenty of evidence

-to prove so.

0:29:050:29:07

-You can see the difference in size.

0:29:080:29:11

-That's incredible.

0:29:130:29:14

-Bear footprints.

0:29:150:29:17

-Great to see, but I wouldn't

-want to meet one here.

0:29:170:29:21

-In the early days of the monitoring,

-footprints were the only proof...

0:29:290:29:33

-..that animals exploited the scheme.

0:29:340:29:36

-The proof was more visible in winter

-with snow on the ground.

0:29:370:29:41

-Now, more sophisticated methods

-reveal all throughout the year.

0:29:420:29:47

-The latest camera technology has

-substantially added to the research.

0:29:510:29:56

-So far, eleven animal species

-have been filmed.

0:29:570:30:00

-It's possible to see entire families

-moving around...

0:30:020:30:05

-..and to calculate how often

-they use the crossing points.

0:30:070:30:11

-One grizzly bear crossed the same

-stretch 66 times in one summer.

0:30:130:30:18

-It's a huge amount of crossings

-for one structure for a single bear.

0:30:190:30:23

-It shows how much

-they are being used.

0:30:230:30:26

-The camera records the exact moment

-an animal or person passes.

0:30:290:30:34

-That can sometimes cause a fright.

0:30:340:30:37

-Derek has seen a grizzly bear

-and a cougar on the camera...

0:30:390:30:43

-..with hikers moments behind them...

0:30:440:30:47

-..totally unaware of

-their proximity to a fierce animal.

0:30:470:30:51

-The scheme is a success.

0:30:540:30:55

-Within the National Park...

0:30:560:30:58

-..collisions between vehicles

-and animals have fallen 80%.

0:30:580:31:04

-They've also observed...

0:31:050:31:07

-..more than 160,000 animals

-crossing under or over the highway.

0:31:070:31:13

-But, of course, the Rockies

-attract other creatures...

0:31:180:31:22

-..as well as the wild animals -

-people.

0:31:220:31:25

-Woah! This is steep!

0:31:260:31:28

-Even for a novice like me...

0:31:340:31:37

-..a turn on the slopes is an escape

-from the pressures of everyday life.

0:31:370:31:41

-It's easy to understand why.

0:31:460:31:48

-With snow everywhere,

-and hardly no-one about...

0:31:490:31:52

-..the tranquillity is a tonic.

0:31:520:31:55

-But I can't stay on the piste.

0:31:550:31:57

-Bye!

0:31:570:31:58

-I'm keen to see another scheme going

-on at the bottom of the slopes.

0:32:020:32:08

-People come to a place like this...

0:32:110:32:13

-..to ski and to have a good time

-in the mountains.

0:32:140:32:17

-But it's easy

-to take things for granted.

0:32:170:32:20

-One enterprise, right here...

0:32:200:32:22

-..is making sure

-everyone can enjoy the mountains.

0:32:220:32:25

-Overcoming disability...

0:32:290:32:31

-..is the purpose of

-the Rocky Mountain Adaptive charity.

0:32:310:32:35

-Ready? One, two, lift.

0:32:350:32:37

-Today, they're working

-with a former sports teacher...

0:32:370:32:41

-..who was certain

-that she could never again...

0:32:420:32:45

-..enjoy being on the mountains.

0:32:460:32:48

-After a road accident...

0:32:480:32:50

-..Andrea Wojcik thought

-that her world had come to an end.

0:32:510:32:54

-After a game of ice hockey

-with her friends...

0:32:560:32:59

-..Andrea jumped on her motorbike

-to drive home.

0:32:590:33:03

-She doesn't remember

-any of the journey after that...

0:33:030:33:06

-..or the moment

-when the bike hit a pothole.

0:33:070:33:10

-I was going about 80 kilometres

-an hour and hit a fence.

0:33:110:33:15

-The fence acted like a bungee cord

-and the bike flipped over it...

0:33:160:33:20

-..and I went flying off,

-then I woke up eight hours later.

0:33:210:33:25

-The first year was...

0:33:260:33:28

-..I'm sure anybody

-who has had a spinal cord injury...

0:33:280:33:32

-..will tell you the first year

-is a mess.

0:33:320:33:35

-It's like being in a dark pit

-and you can't see the light...

0:33:360:33:40

-..because somebody

-has put a blanket over you.

0:33:400:33:43

-But after the first year,

-you figure, "I can do this.

0:33:440:33:47

-"How's it going to go?"

0:33:470:33:50

-With support, effort

-and determination...

0:33:500:33:53

-..a number of people like Andrea

-are learning to ski again.

0:33:530:33:57

-It's an emotional experience

-for the instructors too.

0:33:570:34:01

-The first time we skied

-all the way down...

0:34:010:34:04

-..both of us were in tears.

0:34:050:34:08

-A feat for anyone - but for her

-especially, with her difficulties!

0:34:090:34:16

-The first time

-they put me in a bucket...

0:34:210:34:23

-..and they let me

-slide down the hill...

0:34:240:34:26

-..I was like, "Oh, my God,

-this is out of control!"

0:34:270:34:30

-The adrenaline just surged.

0:34:300:34:32

-Their eyes dazzling.

0:34:390:34:42

-Their smiling faces - priceless!

0:34:420:34:46

-The wind on their skin - success!

0:34:460:34:51

-Andrea is a success.

0:34:510:34:53

-She keeps herself upright

-and experiences freedom.

0:34:550:35:00

-I feel the same.

0:35:000:35:03

-Free to fly like a bird.

-What an experience!

0:35:030:35:08

-Society puts

-so many limitations on me.

0:35:120:35:14

-Watch this, sucker!

0:35:140:35:16

-I may not be the fastest skier...

0:35:160:35:18

-..but you try it,

-because I'm ready to rip it!

0:35:180:35:22

-I may not quite be

-experienced enough...

0:35:250:35:28

-..to go for it like Andrea.

0:35:280:35:31

-But even for me, there's a thrill

-and a freedom here...

0:35:350:35:40

-..and it's such a lovely feeling to

-ski in such a beautiful landscape.

0:35:400:35:45

-You can't get the connection

-with nature...

0:35:480:35:51

-..sitting in your wheelchair

-on an asphalt pathway.

0:35:510:35:54

-It's the majesty

-of seeing the high rock forms...

0:35:560:36:00

-..that have been there

-for thousands of years...

0:36:000:36:03

-..and knowing

-you're one tiny piece of the world.

0:36:030:36:06

-Andrea loves being daring once more.

0:36:070:36:11

-Get that on camera!

0:36:120:36:14

-.

0:36:140:36:14

-Subtitles

0:36:170:36:17

-Subtitles

-

-Subtitles

0:36:170:36:19

-Banff National Park in Canada

-is one of the most popular places...

0:36:240:36:28

-..to enjoy

-the splendid scenery of the Rockies.

0:36:280:36:32

-More than three million visitors...

0:36:340:36:37

-..come to the national park

-every year...

0:36:370:36:40

-..to walk, to see the mountains

-and its wildlife.

0:36:400:36:44

-But in the winter, it's adventure

-activities which attracts most.

0:36:440:36:50

-What's more adventurous

-than climbing on the ice?!

0:36:500:36:53

-A huge challenge for me.

0:37:000:37:02

-Thankfully, two of the best

-ice climbers in the world...

0:37:030:37:07

-..are here to help.

0:37:070:37:08

-Hi, Sarah. Hi, Will. Good morning.

0:37:090:37:11

-Hi, Sarah. Hi, Will. Good morning.

-

-Good morning!

0:37:110:37:13

-Where are we going, then?

0:37:140:37:14

-Where are we going, then?

-

-Johnston Canyon.

0:37:140:37:16

-Fantastic. Shall we make our way?

0:37:160:37:17

-Fantastic. Shall we make our way?

-

-Yes, let's do it.

0:37:170:37:19

-Two years ago,

-Will Gadd and Sarah Hueniken...

0:37:200:37:23

-..were the first to ascend

-the side of the Niagara Falls.

0:37:230:37:27

-The waterfall in Johnston Canyon

-isn't half as high...

0:37:280:37:32

-..but we must remember

-that there are other dangers here.

0:37:320:37:37

-It's so nice walking in the woods,

-but it can be slippery...

0:37:370:37:43

-..and wild animals

-are sometimes about.

0:37:430:37:46

-But I have this just in case.

0:37:460:37:48

-Bear spray,

-which is meant to keep them away.

0:37:490:37:52

-It's just one item

-in the essentials kit.

0:37:520:37:56

-But it's the dangers of the climb

-that's at the front of my mind.

0:37:570:38:01

-This won't be the toughest climb

-Sarah has faced...

0:38:010:38:05

-..but ice always poses a challenge.

0:38:050:38:08

-It's 15 degrees below freezing...

0:38:090:38:12

-..and Sarah is going to climb

-a 60-metre waterfall...

0:38:120:38:16

-..that's frozen solid.

0:38:170:38:18

-She's experiencing

-the thrill of climbing.

0:38:230:38:26

-But it's fear that I feel...

0:38:270:38:30

-..as I see

-what I'll have to face soon.

0:38:300:38:33

-When I first tried rock climbing,

-something stuck in me.

0:38:350:38:39

-It was scary and terrifying,

-like it is for most people.

0:38:390:38:43

-You have to go into the mountains

-with a ton of respect...

0:38:480:38:51

-..because they don't care

-what you're doing.

0:38:510:38:55

-They're not going

-to look after you...

0:38:550:38:58

-..and you have to trust

-your own abilities as a climber.

0:38:580:39:02

-It looks high.

0:39:060:39:08

-The biggest gift climbing gives

-to me is to be in the present.

0:39:120:39:17

-If you're not in the present moment

-when you're climbing...

0:39:180:39:21

-..you shouldn't be doing it,

-because there are consequences.

0:39:210:39:26

-Ice!

0:39:260:39:27

-You really have to believe

-in your own experience and yourself.

0:39:300:39:36

-That's extremely powerful

-and extremely rewarding.

0:39:360:39:40

-Sarah has reached

-the top of the waterfall.

0:39:410:39:44

-Amazing!

0:39:450:39:47

-Thanks.

0:39:480:39:49

-The time has come. It's my turn.

0:39:520:39:55

-There's no turning back now.

0:39:570:39:59

-I just have to make the best

-of this opportunity.

0:40:000:40:03

-These must be very tight.

0:40:040:40:06

-I haven't worn shoes

-like these before.

0:40:060:40:09

-I like

-to keep my feet on the ground.

0:40:100:40:12

-I've never been tempted to climb...

0:40:120:40:15

-..even though I grew up

-in North Wales.

0:40:160:40:18

-But Sarah sets me a target.

0:40:200:40:22

-Climbing and touching an anchor

-above a wall of ice...

0:40:240:40:27

-..which looks far too high to me.

0:40:270:40:30

-I'm going to go for it.

0:40:310:40:33

-There you go.

0:40:360:40:36

-There you go.

-

-Like that?

0:40:360:40:38

-Yes, just like that.

0:40:380:40:39

-That's good.

0:40:400:40:42

-The ice is so hard in places,

-gripping is difficult.

0:40:430:40:47

-A bit more and soon you'll be able

-to almost be standing on flat feet.

0:40:480:40:53

-In other places,

-it's fragile and breaks off.

0:40:530:40:56

-The ice is broken.

0:40:580:40:59

-The ice is broken.

-

-That's OK.

0:40:590:41:00

-Something like ice climbing

-is a ton of trust in yourself...

0:41:010:41:05

-..knowing that you believe

-in your own decision-making...

0:41:050:41:10

-..because it has consequences

-if you've made the wrong choice.

0:41:100:41:14

-You have to think before every move.

0:41:150:41:18

-Up here, every false step is costly.

0:41:190:41:23

-Reach nice and high again.

0:41:230:41:25

-It's hard to think about the arms

-and legs at the same time.

0:41:250:41:30

-I don't want to fall.

0:41:310:41:32

-Yes!

0:41:370:41:38

-One last effort

-and it'll all be over, hopefully.

0:41:400:41:44

-At last, the anchor is within reach.

0:41:520:41:55

-Touch the anchor.

-Touch the anchor with your tool.

0:41:560:42:00

-Yes! You did it. That's it.

0:42:000:42:02

-How do I come down?

0:42:040:42:06

-The way down.

0:42:090:42:10

-It feels good!

0:42:110:42:12

-That was incredible.

0:42:180:42:20

-Sarah, come here.

0:42:200:42:21

-Thank you.

0:42:220:42:23

-Thank you.

-

-That was awesome.

0:42:230:42:25

-I can't believe I've done it.

0:42:260:42:27

-I can't believe I've done it.

-

-Look up at what you just did.

0:42:270:42:29

-It doesn't look so high from here,

-but when I was up there...

0:42:290:42:33

-..I felt I was on Ben Nevis

-or the summit of Snowdon.

0:42:330:42:36

-I really feel

-I've achieved something there.

0:42:370:42:40

-My journey in the mountains

-is coming to an end.

0:42:500:42:53

-Magnificent landscape, ancient

-legends, the bison, skiing...

0:42:540:42:59

-..and the climbing.

0:42:590:43:01

-It's so difficult

-to weigh it all up.

0:43:020:43:04

-It's been a privilege

-coming to the Rockies...

0:43:050:43:08

-..to meet the people

-who live here...

0:43:080:43:11

-..and to learn

-how they work with nature...

0:43:110:43:14

-..to protect wildlife

-for the next generation.

0:43:150:43:19

-By building bridges and tunnels for

-animals to cross the main roads...

0:43:240:43:28

-..Banff Park is leading the way

-in terms of conservation...

0:43:280:43:33

-..and it also benefits

-the locals too.

0:43:330:43:36

-When I'm in the mountain now,

-it feels good.

0:43:360:43:39

-I feel connected to the landscape.

0:43:390:43:42

-I can see the product of my work.

0:43:420:43:44

-I know I'm protecting

-this landscape for myself...

0:43:440:43:47

-..for my children

-and for future generations.

0:43:480:43:51

-Having done

-a bit of skiing and climbing...

0:43:530:43:56

-..I can sense the importance of the

-experience for all who live here.

0:43:560:44:00

-The mountains are the reason

-for me to stay here...

0:44:010:44:04

-..for the freedom, wind and the

-scenery that's different every day.

0:44:050:44:11

-The sun, the clouds and the trees...

0:44:120:44:15

-..everything here gives me a boost.

0:44:160:44:20

-But, for me,

-the most striking thing...

0:44:210:44:24

-..after the excitement and movement

-have ended...

0:44:240:44:28

-..is coming to a stop and gazing at

-the magnificence of the landscape.

0:44:280:44:32

-Seeing the mountains every day

-raises my spirits.

0:44:370:44:44

-It's proof that we've survived

-and maintained our culture.

0:44:440:44:52

-The mountains support us.

0:44:520:44:56

-We respect them hugely.

0:44:560:45:01

-To respect the Rockies,

-as the native people do here...

0:45:070:45:12

-..the soul of the place

-has to be found.

0:45:130:45:16

-They're more than rocks.

0:45:180:45:20

-Everyone feels a spirituality

-in the mountains.

0:45:200:45:26

-A very special experience - being

-fully awake, alive to the world...

0:45:260:45:32

-..that's what

-the mountains are to me.

0:45:320:45:35

-Spending time with those with

-their roots deep in the mountains...

0:45:390:45:44

-..I've started to appreciate

-what they mean...

0:45:440:45:48

-..by the unity of everything.

0:45:490:45:51

-The mountains

-are part of the family...

0:45:510:45:53

-..as one person

-is related to another...

0:45:540:45:58

-..as the birds are related

-to each other, and the bison too.

0:45:590:46:04

-We are all related to each other -

-that's how we know ourselves.

0:46:050:46:11

-I'm going home having been inspired

-by an important and clear message.

0:46:170:46:21

-A message from one of the chiefs

-of the Rockies' native people.

0:46:220:46:26

-This is my family's home.

0:46:260:46:29

-They lived on the mountain

-and drank from the river below.

0:46:300:46:34

-My life comes from the mountains.

0:46:360:46:42

-So go home, please, with the stories

-and music of our lands...

0:46:420:46:50

-..and tell your nation...

0:46:500:46:54

-..about the life

-that exists here in the mountains.

0:46:550:46:59

-Having seen the Rockies

-and heard its legends...

0:47:030:47:06

-..it's been an honour

-through this film...

0:47:060:47:10

-..to try to do exactly

-what my friend Treffrey wishes.

0:47:100:47:15

-S4C Subtitles by Testun Cyf.

0:47:470:47:49

-.

0:47:490:47:49

Y newyddiadurwraig Sian Lloyd sy'n cwrdd a phobl y Rockies ac yn gweld y byfflo gwyllt yn dod yn ol i'r copaon. Journalist Sian Lloyd enjoys the spectacle of the wild bison in the Rockies.