Peak District Countryfile


Peak District

Countryfile is in the Peak District where John Craven is on the set of the BBC drama, The Village, and Tom Heap looks at the value of the British shooting industry.


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Transcript


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the Peak District is a landscape of contrasts -

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And its timeless charm has been an inspiration to many.

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I'll be discovering how this stunning place is now

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turning back the clock for a drama set amongst these hills.

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Helen's discovering the surprising connections between the Peak District

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This couldn't be more different to the national parks in India,

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but I'll be chatting to one lady who's found

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some rather surprising links and she's using them

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to encourage everybody into the great outdoors.

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A new report claims the shooting industry is worth more than

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?2 billion to the British economy every year,

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So, should we be doing more to recognise this rural tradition

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that involves killing wildlife? I'll be investigating.

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I've got about 150 ewes in this field with their lambs.

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They're generally very healthy and doing quite well

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apart from I've got a little bit of lameness in them.

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In fact, it's a bit of a constant battle.

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But today I'm finding out about a programme

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that could rid the sheep industry of this horrible problem.

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From the limestone dales of the White Peak, to the wild moors

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of the gritstone Dark Peak, the Peak District has drama at every turn.

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A place where people fought for and won the right to walk freely

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in our countryside. It was the first National Park in the UK.

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It's a green oasis sandwiched between the urban sprawl of Manchester

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and Sheffield, at the southern tip of the Pennines.

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The spectacular landscape of the Peak District has been the backdrop

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for countless productions on both big and small screens,

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to Pride And Prejudice via The League Of Gentlemen.

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The latest is the brooding drama The Village.

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as seen through the eyes of the Middleton family,

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and played out within the confines of a single Derbyshire village.

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The first series was set during the time of the First World War.

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The second series, which starts on BBC One next month,

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And shopkeepers are so taken with the transformation,

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they've kept things in a '20s time warp between filming.

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Actors are seen walking into Hankins Drapers,

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Jess, I imagine the tea shop must come to a stop, does it,

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Well, we're as busy as usual, really.

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Everybody sort of stops while they're filming,

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and we have to have the blinds down so nobody can see,

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but everyone's really interested, asking all the questions.

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Because the blinds say it's the draper's shop, not the tearoom.

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Well, people are a bit confused whether we're still open or not,

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but once they get in the place is full

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and everybody's asking about what's going on outside,

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who's been in, have we seen any of the actors.

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Have you been in it yourself as an extra? Yes, I was.

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For the first series, I was an extra in it. But...

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I had to stand in the cricket pitch and cheer on a wheelbarrow race.

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And I was like a face and a shadow but, apart from that, no...

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Were you actually there? Did you actually make the final edit?

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Yes, but I had to pause it on the TV, though. But it's quite funny.

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And for the costumes and corsets, it was a good couple of days,

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The Royal Hotel in Hayfield doubles as the exterior of the village pub

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Like many around Hayfield, the landlord is feeling the benefit.

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What kind of impact has The Village had on this village?

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It's the second series that they're filming.

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The whole village is a massive, great community.

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Everyone has really, really come together.

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And it's created a huge amount of excitement.

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So, I think it's creating a lot of buzz from outside as well

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with people coming in to see where The Village is actually filmed.

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Today, the cast of The Village are out in force.

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But why would I want to claim it as my own?

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Because your first instinct is to protect others.

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You knew it would incriminate Robin Lane.

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Right now, they're filming a trial scene.

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Now, originally, they had hoped to do this in a local village hall,

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but the Amateur Dramatic Society said they needed it for rehearsals

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so the company had to rapidly switch their set to here.

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It's a good example of the way they've been trying

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not to get into the way of the locals.

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One of the stars of the show is Maxine Peake,

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Maxine, how well do you know this part of the world?

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You know, I'm so ashamed to say, not as well as I should.

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my mum used to be a member of the Ramblers' Association.

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we did Kinder Scout and Jacob's Ladder,

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sort of...when I was about 10, 11, 12.

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it's a part of England that...not gets ignored,

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but I think people, when they think of countryside in the North,

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people think up towards the Lakes or further up towards Scotland.

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But it is extraordinary around here. It really is.

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I'm so glad doing this job has reintroduced me

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In the first series, your family, the Middletons,

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had a pretty bleak, harsh time, didn't they? Yes.

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Are things looking up a bit? Yes - the farm's taken a bit of a turn,

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It's not huge, but there's more hope

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and there's more prospects for the farm, at the moment.

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You could have told the constable whose it was,

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Maxine's character is the mother in a hard-pressed family

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whose farm is set in beautiful Edale.

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So how did the series recreate the earlier 20th century right here?

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Adam, you're the art director and this is the track

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that leads from the village to the Middletons' farmhouse,

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is this how the farmhouse was when you started filming?

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No. The farmhouse, when we first found the location,

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We added windows in there, to match our studio.

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It's just an old barn, really, wasn't it?

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It was - it was derelict when we first turned up.

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which helped to match in to the studio.

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It's derelict inside, so it's all matched to where we are.

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What about more modern intrusions into the landscape here?

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they were taken out digitally in post-production.

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This time around, the village has moved on,

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so we're allowed to see them, so in the landscape,

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it's OK for them to be there this time.

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'The barn is on the land of real-life farmer, Roy Cooper...'

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'..who's had to invest in some new technology

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to watching The Village on television?

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Yes, I did. We bought a television specially for it.

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Really? We've been without, we've been without.

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I remember sitting in the house, watching -

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the clock was on the mantelpiece, and, looking at the clock,

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I think it finished at nine o'clock, I'm not sure.

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And the second series of The Village will be on Roy's TV - and yours -

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Now, while we've been watching them film The Village,

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Tom has been looking into the value of a very different kind of shooting.

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For centuries, shooting in all its different forms

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has been entwined with the traditions of the countryside.

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But its benefits are apparently very current -

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shooting creates tens of thousands of jobs.

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It also contributes more than ?2 billion to the British economy

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and furthermore it's claimed that a willingness to pull the trigger

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So does shooting get enough recognition?

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'from the British Association for Shooting and Conservation -

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This one is made for gamekeepers. It's about 100 years old.

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That actually gives it a kind of, almost, Wellington-era feel.

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It's got these hammers on it. That's right.

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Richard's organisation is using the report,

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put together by 17 pro shooting groups and released today,

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to call for greater appreciation for the industry.

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How important is shooting to the economy today?

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There are around about two million people

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that actively participate in shooting

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and they inject into the economy about ?2 billion each year.

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As I understand it, gun ownership in Britain is at record levels.

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It seems to be doing fine - what's your problem?

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and by asking for recognition we become part of the solution,

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rather than, as some people see us, some peripheral activity

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Are you looking for love from society?

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We want people - we want policy makers -

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to understand that shooting provides jobs,

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shooting helps provide and shape the British countryside

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Given more support, Richard believes shooting can generate even more money

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But what about its contribution to biodiversity?

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Here on the Duke of Norfolk's estate near Arundel,

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they've dedicated part of this field for planting this -

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a mixture of seeds which is good for the birds they want to shoot,

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but also lots of other wildlife really loves it.

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Every year, this estate holds exclusive grey partridge shoots,

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but game birds aren't being shot here today.

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I expect you gamekeepers' traditional view to be with a shotgun,

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all butch, not being balletic with a butterfly net.

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We're just checking the conservation headland

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'Head gamekeeper Charlie Mellor is checking

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'there is plenty of bird food, and not just for the grey partridges.'

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What we're really looking for is these plant bugs here.

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The green ones are very, very important plant bugs

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So the things that you want to shoot love these,

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but a lot of other things do, as well, is that the point?

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The grey partridge are our main driver behind the project,

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but all the other red-listed species - corn buntings,

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linnets, skylarks, yellowhammers - they all benefit, as well.

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And you happy with the idea of, you know,

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killing wildlife in order to achieve that?

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is for only a small part of the year, really.

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And you think all of the sort of collateral benefits

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make that worthwhile? Oh, yeah, 100%. It really does.

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It's not just on the Arundel Estate where it's said

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that game shooting helps biodiversity.

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It's claimed the industry supports wildlife and habitats

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on nearly two million hectares of land in the UK -

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But not everyone agrees it's always a good thing.

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That was the black cap singing, so they're still here,

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but, of course, as they get quieter, they're so much harder to find.

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'The RSPB believes that shooting's environmental credentials

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Do you think the shooting industry does deserve greater recognition for

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its environmental work and generating money for the economy?

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I think we give the shooting industry a lot of recognition.

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The nature of farming awards we've been run for several years

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have included farmers who run shoots,

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but I think if you're going to recognise the benefits,

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you've also got to acknowledge the costs.

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It's in the uplands, particularly in areas of grouse moorland,

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It feels the traditional management of these landscapes damages

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biodiversity and claims some in the shooting industry are willing

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to break the law to stop birds of prey killing game.

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At the moment, it is a force for populations generally going down.

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There are some exceptions to that, but, while the illegal persecution

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of birds of prey is tolerated when the uplands are being drained

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when burning on deep peat is still going on and is intensifying,

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then the overall net impact on the wildlife of this country

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among some of the landscapes we love is almost certainly negative.

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But the BASC argues grouse shooting provides both the incentive

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It says draining is a legacy of the past now being phased out

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and it also strongly condemns the illegal killing of birds of prey.

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They just believe that shooting animals for entertainment is wrong.

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But Richard Ali believes there is a fundamental

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misunderstanding of what game shooting really is.

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It's not an enjoyment based on killing.

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Shooting is about not just the history of Britain,

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Whatever Richard thinks, though, for some, killing for sport,

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even if we eat the birds afterwards, is unacceptable.

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so what role does the less controversial side of shooting play?

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Home to some of Britain's most celebrated scenery,

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these picturesque peaks have inspired artists for centuries,

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and abundant wildlife has appeared in galleries around the world.

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To tie in with this year's Countryfile photo competition,

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I have come to Derbyshire to meet an artist who is truly

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He has 13,000 followers on the internet

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and some pictures have been shared more than ten million times.

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But, like the Banksy of the photographic world,

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he is known only by the mysterious alias Villager Jim.

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Today, he has agreed to reveal his identity to me

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Jim, nice to meet you. Pleased to meet you, too.

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I can imagine living in a place like this, it is quite easy to

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get into photography. How did it all start?

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Yeah, well, I started getting into photography

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when I moved to the Peak District, simply because

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I noticed coming from a city there is so much wildlife.

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It's not about sitting there with a camouflaged tent for me.

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and seeing what is out there that particular morning.

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I am a complete novice, although I invested in an OK camera.

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Can you take good pictures on an average camera,

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You can take amazing photos nowadays, so people shouldn't be thinking

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you've got to have the world's best camera to take a good photo.

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It's really, mostly, all about composition

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and anticipation of what is going to happen in a shot.

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One of the best ways of having good composition

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is to imagine a noughts and crosses on your screen

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and try not to put the subject in the centre square.

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Is there anything else I should be thinking about?

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and you will suddenly realise that taking that ear

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or taking the nose is quite enjoyable, the shot comes out well.

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Where is a good place to start when you are looking for a subject?

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Simple things, really, any garden bird is fantastic

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if you get the right picture of it, just taking off or just landing.

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The thing to do is to help them by feeding them.

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Never mind Villager Jim, I think he is more like Dr Doolittle! Come on.

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So far, so good, but Jim has sent me on a solo mission

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to put his tips into practice by photographing

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the pedigree cattle just down the road at the Chatsworth Estate.

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If that wasn't pressure enough, the Duke of Devonshire himself

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is also a fan of Jim's work, so my photos better be up to standard.

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Chatsworth farm manager David Howlett is going to tell me

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a bit more about these beautiful beasts.

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David, you've gathered some brilliant subject for me,

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nice to meet you. Nice to meet you. Tell me who we have got here, then.

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The estate has got 135 pedigree Limousins,

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and you have got here last year's young stock.

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Gorgeous-looking cows, great colours, very inquisitive.

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Yes, yes, our cattle are well handled.

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I know you have a lot of cattle to manage, David, but are there any

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characters in there in particular it is worth me training my lens on?

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All of these ones are what we would deem representative of the breed.

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You've selected my models for me, thank you, David!

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I'm going to snap away, if that is OK. Yeah, fine.

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Well, they seem quite... Quite... Oh, good.

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That's what happens when you work in this environment, isn't it!

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It was a nice crusty one, as well, that's been there a while. Hello.

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OK, Jim said I don't have to get you in the centre. I think...

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all of my models are in the middle of my noughts and crosses grid.

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something that's not going to happen.

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I've definitely got quantity, if not quality.

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time to see what the maestro has to say.

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Jim, be brutal, be honest. OK. Right.

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Well, the very first one I click on is actually pretty good.

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but with Chatsworth at the back that looks fantastic.

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And you've actually... going on the knots and crosses,

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you've used the bottom three squares as the main subject.

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Yes, again, it makes a fabulous photo because they look so gentle,

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don't they? But it's just ever so slightly out of focus.

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Even if I put my glasses on. No, take the glasses off, Jim!

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With that one, I was going for the anticipation thing.

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I was trying to get it to stick its tongue out. Right, OK.

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So you failed. I did, yes! You've still got a great shot, though.

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For me, it's just the way that the cow tilts her head.

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It just gives a bit of character to it.

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Yes, I would. I'm going to take that. Thank you.

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I may have taken about 800 pictures today,

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but that nod of approval will do, thank you, Jim. It's a pleasure.

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Well, sadly, Helen won't be able to enter this year's Countryfile

:22:00.:22:02.

but if you think you've got what it takes, why not give it a go?

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The theme is animal magic, and it's wide open to interpretation,

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but entries must include either farm or wild animals,

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We can't accept photos of domestic pets or zoo animals.

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Any images of British wildlife in captivity must be declared as such.

:22:24.:22:29.

The 12 best pictures selected by our judges will each have

:22:30.:22:32.

a page on the Countryfile calendar for 2015.

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As always, the overall winner will be voted for by Countryfile viewers,

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and their picture will feature on the cover of the calendar, and they

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will also get to choose photograph equipment to the value of ?1,000.

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Whoever takes a picture that the judges like best,

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they get to select equipment worth ?500.

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To enter, please write your name, address and a daytime

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and evening phone number on the back of each photo,

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The competition is not open to professionals,

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and because we are looking for something original

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your entry must not have won any other national competition.

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You can send in up to three photos, which must have been taken in the UK,

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and, remember, we want hard copies and not e-mailed or computer files.

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And I'm sorry, but we can't send back any entries.

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The full terms and conditions are on our website, and you will find

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details of the BBC's code of conduct for competitions there, as well.

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The competition closes at midnight on Friday, July 25th,

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so you've got just three weeks to send in your entries.

:23:49.:24:01.

Beneath the soaring crags and green valleys of the southern tip of

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the Peak District, the soft limestone is riddled with caverns and tunnels.

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These caves have a history of human habitation that goes back many

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thousands of years, and the past is still being unearthed here.

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carved out over millions of years by the River Dove.

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And, as Countryfile can exclusively reveal today, it is

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also the site of one of the most extraordinary archaeological finds

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In spring last year, totally by accident,

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a 2,000-year-old treasure trove was discovered.

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It's forced archaeologists to reconsider their views

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of the Iron Age in this part of the world.

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National Trust archaeologist Rachael Hall is going to tell me more.

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Well, it looks to be a bit of a scramble to me.

:24:55.:25:04.

It's incredible, isn't it? Amazing. Quite monumental. Yeah.

:25:05.:25:16.

Not the easiest cave to get to, is it? So, what was found here?

:25:17.:25:21.

About a year ago, a climber was sheltering in a cave whilst

:25:22.:25:24.

it was raining and he made a discovery of four coins.

:25:25.:25:27.

Three of those were Iron Age coins and one was a Roman coin,

:25:28.:25:29.

We undertook an excavation, because it's really,

:25:30.:25:33.

really unusual to find Iron Age coins in a cave,

:25:34.:25:36.

so we wanted to see if we could understand more about the find,

:25:37.:25:39.

see if we could work out why the coins might have ended up here,

:25:40.:25:42.

and also we needed to protect the site. Did you find more coins, then?

:25:43.:25:46.

We did, we made a really exciting discovery.

:25:47.:25:49.

There is actually a coin hoard within the cave.

:25:50.:25:51.

It's an incredible find, it's really, really exciting,

:25:52.:25:57.

it is one of those once-in-a-lifetime discoveries.

:25:58.:26:01.

to be examined by a specialist conservation team.

:26:02.:26:06.

This is the first time they have been back in the Peak District

:26:07.:26:09.

Stephanie Vasiliou, from University College London,

:26:10.:26:14.

is one of the experts working on board.

:26:15.:26:17.

And here are the coins. What metals do we have here?

:26:18.:26:20.

We've got some gold down there, and then we have some silver

:26:21.:26:24.

sort of spread out around, then we have copper alloy there at the top.

:26:25.:26:28.

This gold coin, does anything need doing to it now?

:26:29.:26:32.

What we would do with something like that is we'll give them

:26:33.:26:35.

If you just give it a little push on the top there,

:26:36.:26:40.

and dip your swab in and sort of dab it off on the surface.

:26:41.:26:44.

Yes, and just sort of give it a little swab over.

:26:45.:26:47.

What about the silver one? The silver we would carry out a polish.

:26:48.:26:52.

Good old silver polish? We can do, yes. Just dip into the water.

:26:53.:26:56.

just so we don't have any excess water going on the object.

:26:57.:27:02.

In small circular motions, where you can, and you will notice after

:27:03.:27:06.

a little bit of time that the swab will be coming away sort of black.

:27:07.:27:10.

It's a fascinating job you've got, isn't it? It is, yes.

:27:11.:27:14.

What appeals to you most about it? This exciting material.

:27:15.:27:17.

It's treasure. When you talk about it with people, they get excited

:27:18.:27:19.

Yes, there is a special magic, isn't there,

:27:20.:27:23.

This landscape may have been unchanged for millennia

:27:24.:27:32.

but life in Iron Age Dovedale was certainly very different.

:27:33.:27:36.

and Britain was on the brink of invasion by the Romans.

:27:37.:27:41.

But who would want to bury such vast wealth, and why?

:27:42.:27:45.

That's what archaeologists are keen to discover.

:27:46.:27:50.

Dr Julia Farley from the University of Leicester may be able to

:27:51.:27:54.

So does it surprise you that Roman coins were up here in

:27:55.:27:58.

the Peak District before the Romans actually got here?

:27:59.:28:02.

It is surprising, and it's unusual in this area to find mixed hoards of

:28:03.:28:05.

Iron Age and Roman coins, and it's really unusual to find

:28:06.:28:08.

coin hoards from this period at all, which is right around the time of

:28:09.:28:11.

the Roman invasion in the South East of England.

:28:12.:28:14.

It's telling us, I think, that people who lived in this area,

:28:15.:28:23.

who we would think of as living in a more traditional Iron Age way,

:28:24.:28:26.

than we maybe suspected before we found this hoard.

:28:27.:28:32.

And how much would these coins be worth?

:28:33.:28:35.

Well, in the Iron Age, these were hugely valuable objects.

:28:36.:28:37.

Gold coins could have been used as a month's pay, or a season's pay,

:28:38.:28:40.

even, for a mercenary who had gone to fight overseas.

:28:41.:28:43.

So, each one of the coins individually would have been

:28:44.:28:45.

worth an awful lot at the time. Why do you think they were never claimed?

:28:46.:28:48.

Maybe the person who left them didn't survive.

:28:49.:28:51.

They might have been left as an offering, maybe for the gods.

:28:52.:28:57.

but at some other sites we find evidence

:28:58.:29:02.

they have been buried on ritual sites, maybe as offerings,

:29:03.:29:04.

and as ways of showing off your wealth, as well.

:29:05.:29:10.

Well, we'll probably never know why the Dovedale treasure hoard

:29:11.:29:14.

was buried, but after 2,000 years underground

:29:15.:29:17.

it is going to stay in the Peak District.

:29:18.:29:19.

it will go on permanent display at the Buxton Museum.

:29:20.:29:34.

Earlier, we heard claims that the value of the British shooting

:29:35.:29:37.

industry goes largely unrecognised, and, as Tom has been finding out,

:29:38.:29:42.

that concern goes far beyond traditional game shooting.

:29:43.:29:47.

These days, shooting is often more, well, stag do than stag hunting.

:29:48.:29:54.

Blasting away at clay pigeons or keeping your eye on the target

:29:55.:29:58.

is a lot less controversial than shooting at live birds.

:29:59.:30:03.

And according to new industry figures it is also now more popular.

:30:04.:30:08.

a range like this simply provides an enjoyable afternoon.

:30:09.:30:13.

A chance to try a new activity with a little bit of a kick to it.

:30:14.:30:20.

There are an estimated 600,000 people in the UK who shoot clays, but

:30:21.:30:29.

according to the British Association for Shooting and Conservation,

:30:30.:30:33.

the BASC, there is still not enough support

:30:34.:30:36.

for those who want to take up the sport more seriously.

:30:37.:30:40.

The one area where we think government could usefully put

:30:41.:30:44.

some money is into Olympic and Commonwealth sport.

:30:45.:30:49.

we are very good at winning gold medals in shooting.

:30:50.:30:55.

So, what does the current Olympic champion make of that?

:30:56.:31:04.

'And he does it! Peter Wilson has done it!

:31:05.:31:07.

'He has won gold for Great Britain. He held his nerve brilliantly.'

:31:08.:31:12.

and the man with the golden gun was Peter Wilson.

:31:13.:31:20.

Today, he is helping me to aim straight and true.

:31:21.:31:23.

There really are no excuses for me with you as a quality coach!

:31:24.:31:27.

If you let me take the weight of the gun. Sure.

:31:28.:31:31.

I am going to place it. That's where I want you to hold the gun.

:31:32.:31:34.

I may need a bit more support, but what about our Olympic hopefuls?

:31:35.:31:48.

Well, the amount of money being pumped into shooting via UK Sport

:31:49.:31:52.

As a result, we have new talent ID programmes being put into place,

:31:53.:31:57.

shooting has never been in such a healthy state.

:31:58.:32:02.

This is a very exciting time for shooting.

:32:03.:32:05.

So Peter doesn't feel the sport needs more support.

:32:06.:32:08.

But he does share the BASC's frustrations about red tape.

:32:09.:32:13.

I myself have had problems in the past

:32:14.:32:14.

I hear horror stories all round the country of people

:32:15.:32:19.

struggling to get their certificate back in time.

:32:20.:32:21.

you can't afford to not have your shotgun certificate with you.

:32:22.:32:25.

The UK's stringent laws on firearms also mean that our Olympic

:32:26.:32:29.

pistol shooters have to go abroad for training.

:32:30.:32:34.

But according to the BASC red tape isn't just impacting on our athletes.

:32:35.:32:42.

It's a problem for the country's unsung heroes,

:32:43.:32:45.

the farmers who keep the countryside running.

:32:46.:32:49.

who has a problem with foxes attacking his sheep.

:32:50.:32:54.

Ah, so there are young lambs? There we go. This is the one-eared sheep.

:32:55.:33:01.

I suspect the fox had hold of it, managed to get the ear,

:33:02.:33:05.

bit it off, the Lamb got away but minus the year.

:33:06.:33:08.

This year, we have probably lost about ten lambs.

:33:09.:33:10.

If we have problems with foxes, we shoot them.

:33:11.:33:13.

So, for you, shooting some wildlife is a key part of farming?

:33:14.:33:17.

Yes. It goes hand-in-hand with it, it has done ever

:33:18.:33:19.

since man first domesticated sheep like this. Yes.

:33:20.:33:23.

So you still need to be a shepherd watching his flock by night.

:33:24.:33:26.

It's not just fox attacks that keep him awake.

:33:27.:33:35.

Hugh says, left to their own devices, birds, too, would destroy his crops.

:33:36.:33:41.

So, what would happen if you did not control the pigeons?

:33:42.:33:44.

The last time we grew peas on this farm, about 25 years ago,

:33:45.:33:47.

there wasn't much in the way of pigeon control.

:33:48.:33:49.

The sky was black with pigeons and within two or three weeks they

:33:50.:33:53.

had eaten 16 acres of them and the whole crop was a complete write-off.

:33:54.:33:58.

So does Hugh agree with the BASC that red tape is making his job harder?

:33:59.:34:03.

So guns are important for your business,

:34:04.:34:05.

do you have problems getting a licence? Personally, myself, no.

:34:06.:34:08.

We have no problems getting firearms licences or shotgun licences.

:34:09.:34:12.

People say there is too much red tape.

:34:13.:34:16.

Personally, I think there is the right amount of regulation

:34:17.:34:19.

for the job in hand. It has never changed for 20 years.

:34:20.:34:22.

And it is adequate, given the risk involved in handing out gun licences

:34:23.:34:25.

These things need to be managed and governed properly.

:34:26.:34:30.

I have never heard anyone complain or moan

:34:31.:34:32.

Opinion over regulation is clearly divided.

:34:33.:34:43.

But with the UK's stringent gun laws in place to protect public safety

:34:44.:34:48.

any relaxation would be highly controversial.

:34:49.:34:56.

and encourages landowners to farm in a more environmentally friendly way

:34:57.:35:06.

in a manner that isn't solely motivated by subsidy.

:35:07.:35:10.

Now, whether you think that should be celebrated,

:35:11.:35:14.

will depend on your view of using these things to kill wildlife.

:35:15.:35:26.

Farmers have been working these lands for centuries,

:35:27.:35:29.

overcoming the many challenges that are thrown at them.

:35:30.:35:34.

This week, Adam has invited a vet to his farm who is

:35:35.:35:38.

an age-old problem with sheep - lameness.

:35:39.:35:44.

So Adam is getting up close to his flock.

:35:45.:35:46.

And this is not for the faint-heated.

:35:47.:35:49.

These are some of our commercial sheep, producing lamb for the table.

:35:50.:35:53.

We put them to a Texel ram to produce a good meat lamb.

:35:54.:35:58.

We are trying to get these lambs to about 40 kilos live weight

:35:59.:36:01.

and that one is getting there. He's nearly there.

:36:02.:36:04.

We have got a bit of a dilemma on our hands. This lamb is 37 kilos.

:36:05.:36:30.

At this time of year, there are not very many lambs coming to

:36:31.:36:36.

the marketplace across the country and the price is high.

:36:37.:36:39.

We get paid in pence per kilo. So we have this dilemma, a bit of a gamble.

:36:40.:36:50.

and get more kilos on them, but then the pence per kilo might have dropped

:36:51.:36:55.

because more lambs are coming onto the marketplace across the country?

:36:56.:37:10.

a great opportunity to check on their health.

:37:11.:37:12.

It also means we can treat them for problems we may find.

:37:13.:37:23.

At this time of year you get blowflies,

:37:24.:37:26.

which lay maggots on the sheep if they are dirty.

:37:27.:37:29.

And that is what Dave is protecting the lambs against.

:37:30.:37:32.

We are shearing the ewes soon, so we shouldn't have to do them,

:37:33.:37:35.

but this one has already been struck, as it's known in farming,

:37:36.:37:39.

when the flies have laid their eggs into a wet bit of fleece, the maggots

:37:40.:37:42.

have hatched out and they are starting to eat away at the sheep.

:37:43.:37:46.

And you can see it is sore and bloody on the surface of her skin here

:37:47.:37:49.

and as the maggots eat away at the sheep they secrete juices

:37:50.:37:57.

which attract more flies, that lay more eggs and create more maggots.

:37:58.:38:01.

Where the maggots have worked down her body there,

:38:02.:38:05.

they have been nibbling away at her flesh. And that is very sore.

:38:06.:38:08.

We will treat that with some antibiotic spray

:38:09.:38:11.

and then put some fly spray on to kill any other maggots.

:38:12.:38:14.

Because if it gets worse the maggots can eat the sheep alive.

:38:15.:38:19.

But thankfully, in this case, she will be absolutely fine.

:38:20.:38:28.

Thankfully, it is not too common, so it is easy to keep on top of.

:38:29.:38:35.

It is a fact of life which most farmers just learn to live with.

:38:36.:38:41.

We accept a certain percentage will be lame.

:38:42.:38:44.

with a brand-new approach to dealing with lameness.

:38:45.:38:48.

And, with a flock of more than 1,000 ewes, she is no stranger to it.

:38:49.:38:52.

We estimate about 8% to 10% of the national flock

:38:53.:38:55.

are lame at any one time. So that is a lot of animals involved.

:38:56.:38:59.

How many millions of sheep would that be?

:39:00.:39:00.

We reckon about three million lame sheep. Goodness!

:39:01.:39:03.

And not only causing pain to the animal,

:39:04.:39:06.

Yes, we're talking probably about ?23 million to the industry

:39:07.:39:11.

every year. And why is it like that? Why can't we sort it out?

:39:12.:39:14.

A huge concerted effort to deal with lameness,

:39:15.:39:18.

And I think we've had a lack of a practical solution

:39:19.:39:22.

And where does it come from? What is the cause?

:39:23.:39:26.

About 90% of lameness is due to a bacterial foot condition.

:39:27.:39:32.

We know it as foot rot, or scald. Right. Well, I've got a few here.

:39:33.:39:35.

Shall we take them up to the pens? Yes, let's go and have a look.

:39:36.:39:49.

With my sheep safely in the pen, we can check to see how many

:39:50.:39:52.

animals are affected by this crippling disease.

:39:53.:39:55.

The hoof is overgrown and I can smell it from here. Is that foot rot?

:39:56.:40:00.

Yes, that is foot rot for sure. Yes. That is pretty nasty, isn't it?

:40:01.:40:03.

So, what is it? It's a bacterium? Yes.

:40:04.:40:06.

Foot rot and scald, this is a bacterial condition of the foot.

:40:07.:40:10.

And, as you see, it causes this eating away at the foot.

:40:11.:40:13.

And it can start in-between the toes?

:40:14.:40:16.

Yes, it starts in-between the digits there

:40:17.:40:18.

and then eventually, as in this case, it tracks up the hoof wall.

:40:19.:40:24.

'This is where Ruth's ground-breaking approach to treating lameness

:40:25.:40:27.

'She came up with a five-point plan of action to combat the disease.

:40:28.:40:34.

What I would do now is grab some foot trimmers and trim off the dead horn.

:40:35.:40:51.

Very tempting. And it is what a lot of farmers would do

:40:52.:40:54.

and it's not to say that removing a bit of this

:40:55.:40:57.

but actually trimming it right back will be harmful.

:40:58.:41:01.

You will delay the healing of the foot.

:41:02.:41:02.

Better to put your foot trimmers away. Goodness me.

:41:03.:41:05.

I have been foot trimming lame sheep for ever, really.

:41:06.:41:08.

We used to routinely foot trim our sheep twice a year.

:41:09.:41:11.

We've now gone down to trimming just the lame ones.

:41:12.:41:13.

But you are saying, put the foot trimmers away, don't use them? Yes.

:41:14.:41:16.

You're not going to help the sheep to heal.

:41:17.:41:18.

You need to treat this particular foot with antibiotics.

:41:19.:41:21.

That is the only way it's going to heal up.

:41:22.:41:23.

So that's an antibiotic antiseptic spray that should help kill it.

:41:24.:41:30.

'Not trimming is a new approach but I'm happy to give it a go.

:41:31.:41:33.

'Once we've treated an animal, we mark it.

:41:34.:41:40.

'That way, we can see if the problem comes back.

:41:41.:41:43.

'If it does, then we need to adopt the second point

:41:44.:41:46.

So I mark them, take the tag number

:41:47.:41:52.

Does that sound sensible? Yeah, no, you need to do that

:41:53.:41:57.

but the other reason for marking her up at this stage is that

:41:58.:42:00.

you'll be able to see if she suffers from this disease again.

:42:01.:42:03.

And really what you need to be doing at weaning time is pulling out

:42:04.:42:06.

any ewes that are repeat offenders of foot rot and scald

:42:07.:42:09.

and culling them out. Get rid of them out of the flock?

:42:10.:42:12.

But these are the girls that are costing you money.

:42:13.:42:19.

We need to do as much as we can to avoid the disease being transmitted.

:42:20.:42:25.

Basically what you're seeing here is the sheep spreading the bacteria.

:42:26.:42:29.

And you can see the lambs walking behind her,

:42:30.:42:32.

And they could potentially be picking up the bacteria.

:42:33.:42:35.

So those dots is where the bacteria could be? Exactly, yes.

:42:36.:42:40.

Point three on Ruth's plan involves killing bacteria on the ground.

:42:41.:42:44.

You can't treat the whole of the farm,

:42:45.:42:46.

but by spreading lime across the high-risk zones, like gates

:42:47.:42:49.

and water troughs, there's a good chance of controlling the spread.

:42:50.:42:54.

Isolate new stock until you're sure they're free of lameness.

:42:55.:43:00.

Ideally, you'll be wanting to vaccinate twice a year

:43:01.:43:08.

and to correlate with the times of peak disease.

:43:09.:43:12.

So around this time of year would probably be ideal.

:43:13.:43:14.

These girls are probably about to be shorn, I would guess? Yes.

:43:15.:43:17.

So, off the shears would be ideal to correlate now

:43:18.:43:20.

and then also at winter housing time.

:43:21.:43:22.

So vaccination and all these other measures

:43:23.:43:24.

can be quite costly, time-consuming. Is that a problem?

:43:25.:43:29.

Well, I guess it seems like a big job.

:43:30.:43:31.

The important point to get across is that this is

:43:32.:43:33.

The endgame is going to be a lot less work

:43:34.:43:36.

and a lot less loss and waste for you.

:43:37.:43:38.

So if I can concentrate on those five points then,

:43:39.:43:41.

treating lame ones as quickly as I can with antibiotics, not trimming...

:43:42.:43:44.

Yes. Getting down lime around areas where there's concentrated feet.

:43:45.:43:49.

Isolating animals that can bring them onto the farm. Yes, yes.

:43:50.:43:54.

Vaccination... Yes. What was the last one?

:43:55.:43:56.

Culling out your worst offenders. Culling out

:43:57.:43:58.

And then how soon do you think we might see a major reduction

:43:59.:44:02.

Well, on our own farm we have about 1,000 ewes

:44:03.:44:06.

and we saw a pretty steep improvement within the first

:44:07.:44:09.

six months, down to less than 2%. And for the last three years

:44:10.:44:12.

we have been down to less than 1%. Goodness me! So it is significant.

:44:13.:44:15.

This could be a thing of the past for you. Wonderful.

:44:16.:44:27.

This beautiful landscape provides quiet sanctuary

:44:28.:44:29.

from the hustle and bustle of the towns and cities that flank it.

:44:30.:44:33.

One third of Sheffield is actually in the Peak District, which makes it

:44:34.:44:37.

the only UK city to have a national park within its boundaries.

:44:38.:44:46.

I do a walk called Elephant in the Park walk. Right.

:44:47.:44:49.

This year, it's on the 2nd of August.

:44:50.:44:51.

When Chamu Kuppuswamy first moved to Sheffield, she began looking for

:44:52.:44:55.

connections between the Peak District and the country of her birth - India.

:44:56.:45:00.

What were your first impressions of the Peak District?

:45:01.:45:04.

And I thought it was very, very quiet

:45:05.:45:09.

compared to the cities I have lived in in India, of course.

:45:10.:45:12.

And what about you in terms of your friends and your family and your

:45:13.:45:15.

culture, why did you think it was so important to find links with India?

:45:16.:45:19.

In some of these places, my memory was jogged about having read

:45:20.:45:23.

something, about India, about this place.

:45:24.:45:26.

That kind of said, well, there must be a lot of different links

:45:27.:45:29.

that would be really interesting to find out.

:45:30.:45:31.

I can have my own global interpretation of the National Park.

:45:32.:45:35.

And that really sparked the whole thing off.

:45:36.:45:41.

One of the most exciting links Chamu found was here in Millthorpe.

:45:42.:45:46.

Edward Carpenter was one of the village's former residents.

:45:47.:45:49.

Socialist, poet and philosopher, he had a fascination for Hinduism

:45:50.:45:54.

that led him on a life-changing journey to India.

:45:55.:45:59.

So, he was sort of a pioneer in that he went to India, he liked what

:46:00.:46:02.

he found about Hinduism and he brought it back here? Absolutely.

:46:03.:46:06.

He went to India because of all that he had heard about India

:46:07.:46:09.

and he also visited a guru over there.

:46:10.:46:11.

So he really strengthened his knowledge of Hinduism.

:46:12.:46:17.

This is Carpenter's former home in Millthorpe, where I'm meeting

:46:18.:46:21.

Fascinated by the life of Edward Carpenter, also known as the

:46:22.:46:26.

Saint in Sandals, she's researched his life extensively for her PhD.

:46:27.:46:32.

Helen, these look intriguing. Tell me about these.

:46:33.:46:35.

They are. I think people would have been very surprised

:46:36.:46:38.

when these appeared in this area in the 1890s.

:46:39.:46:42.

The sandals actually represent Edward Carpenter's relationship

:46:43.:46:46.

to India and the things that he liked about India

:46:47.:46:49.

and the things he brought back from India.

:46:50.:46:51.

These sandals represented something that was freedom for him.

:46:52.:46:56.

Freedom in terms of dress, and also the freedom of understanding

:46:57.:47:00.

that he found in India and brought back over to the Peaks with him.

:47:01.:47:04.

And this is something that people wanted him to spread the word about?

:47:05.:47:08.

Yes, absolutely. I believe this is a letter from Gandhi? It is, yes.

:47:09.:47:11.

So a little later on, Carpenter had been working into the early

:47:12.:47:15.

20th century, trying to spread these ideas.

:47:16.:47:17.

That brought him to the attention of Gandhi and Gandhi's circle.

:47:18.:47:21.

And Gandhi was very keen to write to Carpenter

:47:22.:47:24.

to ask him to take his ideas out into Gandhi's wider circle

:47:25.:47:27.

thinking about the Indian independence movement as well.

:47:28.:47:36.

Carpenter's connection to India flourished on his return home.

:47:37.:47:39.

His walks in the Peak District were now further inspired

:47:40.:47:43.

by ideas of Hinduism and soon influenced his writing.

:47:44.:47:47.

"You are not to differentiate yourself from nature.

:47:48.:47:51.

"It is only under such conditions that the little mortal creature

:47:52.:47:54.

"gradually becomes aware of what he is."

:47:55.:47:59.

But there's an even more colourful local character who brought

:48:00.:48:03.

From 5,000 miles away in the Peak District,

:48:04.:48:10.

the livelihoods of Indian silk dyers, bringing new vibrancy to previously

:48:11.:48:16.

The fabric, when it first came to him, was unusable.

:48:17.:48:29.

When the silk is woven, it goes through gum so it doesn't break.

:48:30.:48:33.

they would put that on to strengthen it?

:48:34.:48:37.

To strengthen it, so they could weave.

:48:38.:48:39.

But he found a way to get that gum off and treat it

:48:40.:48:42.

And what he did was he prepared the fabric with salt, alkali,

:48:43.:48:48.

so then you could get the range of shades you wanted to get,

:48:49.:48:53.

like your pinks, your lighter shades of blue and so on.

:48:54.:48:58.

If it wasn't prepared you would be looking at dark greys

:48:59.:49:02.

So, initially, people were looking at Indian Tussar silk

:49:03.:49:06.

and saying, that is useless, that is no good to me.

:49:07.:49:09.

And Thomas Wardle said, we can make this work?

:49:10.:49:12.

Well, what he did was pretty remarkable, really.

:49:13.:49:16.

So Thomas Wardle has left a legacy among silk dyers.

:49:17.:49:19.

Has he left a legacy in India? I think he absolutely has.

:49:20.:49:23.

It gave the Indian silk industry a new market because there were

:49:24.:49:27.

more and more people who were interested in Tussar silk.

:49:28.:49:35.

And Wardle found another use for Tussar silk - producing

:49:36.:49:38.

which became a huge success when used to make waterproofs.

:49:39.:49:46.

And where would the Peak District be without them!

:49:47.:49:50.

Absolutely no need for waterproofs today

:49:51.:49:52.

Here is the Countryfile forecast for the week ahead.

:49:53.:50:10.

Thank you, Helen. Will we need waterproofs this week? Yes and no,

:50:11.:50:24.

and yes and no! A mix of sunny spells and a scattering of showers,

:50:25.:50:28.

some of those showers on the heavy side. The second half of the week

:50:29.:50:36.

has quite a different look to it. In the short term, on Monday we are

:50:37.:50:44.

between weather systems. The air is still unstable enough that the cloud

:50:45.:50:53.

will build up enough to make some showers, but there will be gaps

:50:54.:50:54.

between them. Monday afternoon, I think we could

:50:55.:51:09.

see a line of showers running up through south-west England to north

:51:10.:51:16.

of London. Temperatures could reach the low 20s. A fairly brisk breeze

:51:17.:51:31.

blowing across parts of Scotland, so could feel cooler. Most places

:51:32.:51:41.

holding in double figures over Monday night. High pressure trying

:51:42.:51:52.

to build in from the west on Tuesday. A fairly quiet day, light

:51:53.:52:10.

winds, sunny spells. Watch out for some showers down the East Coast.

:52:11.:52:17.

Going through Tuesday night and into Wednesday, this area of low pressure

:52:18.:52:27.

is developing. But there is also a weather system trying to push in

:52:28.:52:32.

from the west. It is a question of which one is going to win. It looks

:52:33.:52:37.

as though one Wednesday we will did clear the rain. But Wednesday night

:52:38.:52:47.

into Thursday, the risk increases of seeing more persistent rain edging

:52:48.:52:54.

in from the North Sea. The computer models are all giving different

:52:55.:53:01.

answers. Potentially heavy rain in eastern areas, but less of a chance

:53:02.:53:12.

in the West. We could well see some reasonably high temperatures under

:53:13.:53:15.

the warm air, but the detail for Friday is elusive. I think what

:53:16.:53:24.

perhaps we can say is that looking beyond that and into the next

:53:25.:53:27.

weekend, these weather systems out in the Atlantic look as though they

:53:28.:53:30.

might start to win, so we The Peak District was Britain's

:53:31.:53:40.

first national park Around 20 million people live within

:53:41.:53:50.

just one hour's drive. Ten million people visit

:53:51.:54:00.

the Peak District every year and it is surrounded by diverse

:54:01.:54:02.

Northern towns and cities. But only 1% of the people that come

:54:03.:54:06.

here are from ethnic minorities. She has discovered some surprising

:54:07.:54:12.

connections between the Peaks In an area synonymous with the right

:54:13.:54:17.

to roam movement back in the 1930s, Chamu is at the forefront of a new

:54:18.:54:25.

kind of campaign, encouraging people from ethnic minorities to get out and

:54:26.:54:30.

enjoy what the area has to offer. This place is just amazing in terms

:54:31.:54:36.

of being able to walk in it and being able to get anywhere you

:54:37.:54:40.

want. With the help of a map you are able to explore so much

:54:41.:54:43.

of the countryside, which for me So walking and rambling isn't

:54:44.:54:47.

something that you would have done I mean, we do a lot of walking,

:54:48.:54:52.

but in cities. Nothing like in the countryside. The

:54:53.:54:56.

countryside is really off-limits. And also there isn't a map

:54:57.:55:00.

that you can actually use. So therefore it's not somewhere

:55:01.:55:05.

where you would naturally What you think is stopping people

:55:06.:55:08.

from ethnic minorities coming out and enjoying the Peak District?

:55:09.:55:13.

A number of different factors. Information about the fact

:55:14.:55:16.

that there is access and there is the right to roam

:55:17.:55:19.

in this area is one of the least known

:55:20.:55:21.

bits of information, I think. National parks are looked at as

:55:22.:55:24.

conservation areas where people don't inhabit - that is the kind of

:55:25.:55:27.

parks people encounter in India. But why do you think it is important

:55:28.:55:30.

for people to come out here? into the countryside

:55:31.:55:33.

is really great. First of all, they asked me,

:55:34.:55:42.

"Is it safe? "If you go, do you actually

:55:43.:55:58.

patrol on your own?!" Chamu's regular walks

:55:59.:56:03.

reveal the links with her Indian heritage

:56:04.:56:06.

and are a great way of getting more people from ethnic

:56:07.:56:09.

minorities into the Peak District. I love cities,

:56:10.:56:14.

but on a nice day like this My principle is, the world

:56:15.:56:17.

is my school and nature is my book. You learn a lot of things

:56:18.:56:24.

from nature, read a lot of things. A lot of understanding

:56:25.:56:28.

through nature. I guess I like everything

:56:29.:56:31.

about the Peak District. it's calm and I'm, like, pretty

:56:32.:56:34.

much interested in the flora so every time I come here

:56:35.:56:40.

I find something new to look at. Researching links with India,

:56:41.:56:48.

becoming a ranger, Just walking on the grass

:56:49.:56:51.

and feeling the stone over there, being in a classroom where the

:56:52.:57:31.

surface is very, very different. But I'm pretty sure that this is

:57:32.:57:39.

the first time that we have ever done Bharatanatyam, Indian dancing,

:57:40.:57:45.

in a national park on Countryfile! With moves like this, it is no wonder

:57:46.:57:57.

word seems to have got around. From the John Craven school of dance.

:57:58.:58:14.

That was impressive. Thank you,

:58:15.:58:18.

what a fantastic way to end the show. will be exploring

:58:19.:58:20.

breathtaking Gower in South Wales Will they have sunshine as good

:58:21.:58:29.

as this? I doubt it. From us, in the stunning scenery

:58:30.:58:32.

of the Peak District, it's goodbye. If your friend was taken away...

:58:33.:58:34.

# Not giving in... # I'm afraid

:58:35.:59:08.

there's not much we can do. ..how would you fight

:59:09.:59:11.

to get her back? This is wrong. I'm not going to

:59:12.:59:13.

carry on as if nothing has happened.

:59:14.:59:17.

Countryfile is in the Peak District where John Craven is on the set of the BBC drama, The Village. He gets behind the scenes to meet the cast and explores the impact filming has had on the real village of Hayfield. He also reveals an unusual and exciting archaeological treasure discovered in the heart of Dovedale.

Adam Henson tries to get to the bottom of an age-old problem with sheep.

Helen Skelton dons her walking boots to discover the intriguing links between the Peak District and the British Raj - from dyeing cloth to the introduction of sandals. She also meets a local photographer to give her some tips on how to take the perfect animal shot.

A new report says that the shooting industry is worth more than £2 billion to the UK every year. Tom Heap investigates claims that its contribution to the British economy and the countryside goes largely unrecognised.


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