Bydd Meinir yn clywed am droseddwyr sy'n targedu'r diwydiant amaeth. Meinir finds out about criminals who target the agricultural industry and Daloni meets Rheinallt and Caryl ...
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-Hello and a warm welcome to Ffermio.
-On today's programme,
-we take a look at the future.
-First, when you're offered something
-that's too good to be true...
-..most of the time it is.
-We'll hear about
-a group of criminals...
-and take advantage of farmers.
-Also on the programme, Daloni
-visits Llanarmon Dyffryn Ceiriog...
-..to see a family who are building
-for the next generation.
-I like a challenge.
-It's worth getting up
-in the morning for a challenge.
-Alun will be at IBERS,
-..to hear about the latest research
-into stock efficiency.
-I'm from an agricultural background.
-I understand the need
-for research and improvement.
-I have a warning
-for the rural community.
-Groups of criminals are targeting
-farmers offering good money...
-..to store products
-that look similar to silage bales.
-Having said that, it's not
-animal feed but illegal waste...
-..which could prove costly
-for the farmer and the environment.
-Solicitor Aled Owen has been dealing
-with some of the affected farmers.
-There are people out there
-trying to take advantage of farmers.
-If someone gets this material
-on their land...
-..they could be open to prosecution
-by Natural Resources Wales...
-..and possibly local government
-under planning law.
-What attracts the farmers to this?
-The farmers aren't attracted
-by the nature of the material.
-The material is totally illegal.
-They are attracted by the money.
-They are offered
-a generous contract.
-a considerable monthly income...
-..especially in these hard times.
-As a result, they are drawn
-into an illegal situation...
-..often without their knowledge.
-There is a possibility
-of hiding this material...
-..within the agricultural community.
-At first glance, the material
-looks like some kind of haystack.
-Actually, it's illegal material
-that can rot, catch fire...
-..or cause liquid
-to seep out into the ground.
-It can cause problems,
-especially during the summer.
-It's wet now, but in the summer
-as the stacks become warmer...
-..they could ignite...
-..which could cause damage
-and affect many people.
-If a farmer is offered this kind of
-deal, what is your advice to them?
-Basically, say no.
-If they've already taken
-the material onto their land...
-..I'd advise them
-to speak with a solicitor...
-..or to their local
-They can even speak
-with the Environment Agency.
-..Farming Connect held an open day
-in the Cothi Valley.
-The theme of the day was finding
-the best way of finishing lambs.
-Aberbranddu is a 850-acre farm
-in Cwrtycadno near Pumsaint.
-Irwel Jones farms here
-with his father, Eirwyn.
-They keep just over 1,000 sheep
-and 50 cattle.
-The land rises to 1,200 feet.
-Since September, in conjunction
-with Farming Connect...
-..they are conducting an experiment
-into five finishing systems...
-..in order to improve efficiency.
-The experiment has gone quite well.
-We have finished some lambs
-and left others.
-We are looking at the old
-traditional pasture that we have...
-..and new reseeded pasture.
-There's also a rape
-and Italian ryegrass mix...
-..and housed lambs
-fed with concentrates.
-Finally, we have lambs being fed
-concentrates out in the fields.
-We wanted to take a good look...
-..and work out the costs
-for each option.
-We could then decide what system
-is the best way of finishing lambs.
-We also sold some as store lambs.
-We wanted to get a base value.
-Traditionally, farmers would want
-to finish all their lambs.
-It's something we are used to doing.
-It might be better for us to sell
-them on for someone else to finish.
-We can then use that pasture
-to improve our ewes and lambs.
-It will also save us money.
-We had a problem with the rape -
-it didn't work for us this year.
-We'll try it again next year...
-..because you can't take the results
-from just one year.
-didn't fatten many lambs...
-..but on the whole,
-the other results were as expected.
-The new pasture performed best
-and was the cheapest.
-Housed lambs fed with cake
-..but that was
-the most expensive method.
-We came to the conclusion...
-..that using bought-in concentrates
-..is the option of last resort
-and that pasture is best.
-organized the event...
-..with the aim
-of helping farmers in the area.
-This is Irwel's first project...
-..as a demonstration farmer
-with Farming Connect.
-It's a new challenge
-for the family...
-..in addition to their
-everyday work on the farm.
-We're grateful to them.
-We'll also be discussing
-different crops today...
-..and the various ways of managing
-those crops for grazing and so on.
-Irwel is part of
-the Pumsaint discussion group.
-One focus for them is ensuring sheep
-have the correct nutrition...
-..at lambing time.
-As lambing season
-will soon be upon us...
-..we'll be discussing
-the importance of giving sheep...
-..the correct feed
-at the correct time...
-..to ensure their lambs
-get the best start in life.
-We have plenty of information today.
-Irwel has worked closely with
-sheep consultant Lesley Stubbings.
-With lambing season on the horizon,
-what is her advice?
-I think the main message for farmers
-is that this last year, 2016...
-..has been a difficult season.
-If we look at analyses for hay and
-silage, they are extremely variable.
-The first thing
-I would say to farmers...
-get your forage analysed.
-Find out what your forage is worth.
-Maybe it's not as good
-as you thought.
-At least then
-you can get the right supplement.
-If it's better than you thought,
-you'll save yourself money.
-That's the first point.
-Get a diet based on the forage and
-use the forage as far as you can...
-..and keep the body condition
-on your ewes.
-The day has been comprehensive,
-but what do the farmers think?
-It's been a great day.
-It's a great opportunity
-..to learn about various methods
-of finishing lambs.
-We've come to this beautiful area
-to learn about finishing lambs...
-..and how to be aware
-of the different associated costs.
-The clear responses we have been
-given today have been excellent.
-At the end of the day...
-..we discussed feeding the sheep,
-which we'll be doing now.
-That was very good.
-We knew that Irwel was using
-very little concentrate...
-..but that protein levels were high.
-We've been happy
-just to look into it in the past...
-..but now we're ready
-to put it into practice.
-The most important thing
-to take on board...
-..is that farmers should experiment
-on their own farms.
-The results on one farm...
-..won't necessarily be the same
-on another farm.
-Everyone should try and find out the
-best methods to use on their farm.
-It's been a very interesting day.
-The aim was to show the five
-different ways of finishing lambs...
-..selling store lambs
-and four other methods.
-It was very interesting.
-Fair play to Irwel
-for taking on the project.
-He has worked very hard.
-He has done the work and has all
-the information - figures, weights.
-I'm sure everyone
-has benefited from today.
-Farming Connect will hold
-the 2017 Wales Farmers' Forum...
-..on 2 February
-at the Hafod a Hendre building...
-..at the Royal Welsh Showground
-For more information
-and to book a place...
-..visit the Farming Connect website.
-That's all for this part.
-After the break, Daloni visits
-cattle and sheep farmers...
-..in the Ceiriog Valley
-who have started a new venture.
-Don't go away!
-A new year means
-a chance to make a fresh start.
-One family in the Ceiriog Valley
-is doing just that.
-Daloni has the story.
-near Llanarmon Dyffryn Ceiriog...
-..is owned by Rheinallt
-and Liz Hughes...
-..and their children Caryl and Iwan.
-It's a 660 acre farm with
-1,200 sheep and 20 suckler cattle.
-I was born here and I'm the
-fourth generation to farm here.
-Our suckler cattle
-are Limousin crossed with Friesian.
-They take a Belgian Blue bull...
-..and we sell the calves
-at a year old in Oswestry or Ruthin.
-You have plenty of sheep.
-You have plenty of sheep.
-Mostly Welsh Mountain ewes.
-600 of them are exposed
-to Welsh Mountain rams...
-..with the rest given
-a Blue-faced ram.
-Unfortunately, this year...
-..there hasn't been much of a market
-for small Welsh Mountain lambs.
-It's a struggle
-to get even 50 for one.
-But the tourist season
-now lasts the whole year.
-Yes, we've diversified.
-We've turned the two outhouses
-It's a long-term plan.
-We hope it helps the farm
-in the future.
-Caryl will be helping with that.
-Caryl has decided she wants to come
-home to help her father on the farm.
-Iwan is also 22 years old.
-He works two days a week on a farm
-Otherwise he's at home too.
-for the youngsters to go out...
-what else is out there.
-We have to try and open the doors...
-..for these youngsters
-to make their way in the world.
-After studying Agriculture
-at Aberystwyth University...
-..Caryl was the first person
-to win the Llyndy-Isaf Scholarship.
-It's a National Trust Scholarship
-which awards the winner...
-..the chance to run a farm
-in Nant Gwynant for a year.
-Caryl has just agreed to become the
-tenant farmer of a 300 acre farm...
-..near her home
-for the next three years.
-She is looking forward
-to farming at Berllan Helyg.
-You're farming at home
-at the moment, Caryl.
-I've been back for about a year.
-Now I've joined the partnership
-and taking it more serious.
-As a partner, you've been able
-to take on a local tenancy.
-I had come home but, ultimately,
-the farm isn't big enough...
-..to support me,
-my brother and my parents.
-This was a chance for expansion.
-It was a chance to increase
-our land holding and find more work.
-Where are we, exactly?
-This is Berllan Helyg.
-It's four and a half miles
-..down the Ceiriog Valley
-It's a very similar farm
-It's a 300 acre farm.
-You are the tenant farmer here
-since the new year.
-Yes, my name is on the tenancy
-papers for the next three years.
-What are your plans for the place?
-What are your plans for the place?
-I started by buying 500 ewes.
-Older ewes to start with,
-to build a flock at a lower price.
-Welsh Mountain ewes?
-Welsh Mountain ewes?
-Yes, purebred ones.
-They've been given
-a Blue-faced ram...
-..and we're looking
-to build a flock of Mules.
-We'll keep a percentage and sell
-the rest along with the ram lambs.
-You have the support
-of your parents.
-Without them, I couldn't do it.
-The start-up costs of buying those
-500 ewes and monthly rent is huge.
-It's a huge outlay
-in the first year...
-..without a great return initially.
-You've been to New Zealand and
-Norway. Where else have you been?
-I spent a year at Llyndy-Isaf,
-Nant Gwynant, of course.
-It was a great experience,
-if quite similar.
-It was really useful learning
-how to run a farm all on my own.
-I started the scholarship unsure
-whether I wanted to be a farmer.
-I was also thinking about
-other options within agriculture.
-After spending a year doing that,
-I decided that full-time farming...
-..was the future for me
-and that I wanted to come home.
-Are these your new sheep?
-Yes, 500 of them.
-We're checking them all out now.
-They are all older ewes.
-We want to give them all a chance.
-Some of the smaller ones are older.
-They get put to one side
-so we can give them a bit more feed.
-We have to make sure they are in
-good condition at this time of year.
-You're getting to know them.
-This is the second time we've
-brought them in since buying them.
-We're taking a look at them
-after a period on some rich pasture.
-We'll be scanning them
-in about a month's time.
-We want to check
-they are in good order...
-..by checking their teeth
-and their feet.
-Does Rheinallt do as he is told?
-He's not bad.
-He does listen.
-Mum has taught him well to listen
-and I've taken her place now.
-She's pleased, Rheinallt.
-With so many changes afoot
-in the agricultural world...
-..are Caryl and Rheinallt
-confident about the future?
-This chance has come
-at a good time for Caryl.
-Yes. You have to grab it
-because such chances are rare.
-Farms of this size in this area
-don't become available very often.
-It's crucial that young people
-like Caryl and Iwan...
-..are given the opportunity
-to farm the land on these hills.
-We want them here to keep
-Wales looking like this...
-..for the foreseeable future.
-Are you ready for the
-challenges of the future, Caryl?
-I like to wake up in the morning
-with a challenge ahead of me.
-This is quite a challenge to start
-with. I hope I cope with it.
-I'm sure I will, with some support.
-It is a challenge, but a good one,
-and a great opportunity.
-Research has always been
-a crucial part of agriculture.
-It's crucial for moving
-your business forward...
-..helping to streamline and improve
-farming techniques effectively.
-Alun has been
-to Aberystwyth University...
-..to see the recent developments.
-Here at the Institute of Biological,
-Environmental and Rural Sciences...
-..research is being done
-in partnership with YFC Wales...
-..to learn more about rumen fluke.
-It's a parasite
-that affects cattle and sheep.
-The man leading the study
-is Rhys Jones...
-..a postgraduate student
-at the university.
-I've been in Aberystwyth since 2010.
-I did my degree
-in Agriculture and Animal Husbandry.
-I then did my masters degree.
-As part of those courses,
-I'd always enjoyed research.
-As I was finishing my masters...
-..the chance came
-to study this new field.
-Rumen fluke was becoming noteworthy.
-It was a project I thought I'd enjoy
-that might benefit Welsh farmers.
-Tell us about your research process.
-Firstly, the important element
-in rumen fluke's life cycle...
-..and in the life cycle
-of liver fluke is the mud snail.
-This is the fluke's vector
-on the field.
-They're found in wet areas.
-That's why these parasites
-are connected to wet areas and rain.
-They're very small snails.
-They are less than one centimetre
-The eggs hatch
-and infect the snails.
-Within six weeks...
-..one fluke can increase its numbers
-by 500 times in the snail.
-That's what makes this parasite
-such a problem.
-It's very effective for developing
-and increasing their numbers.
-These are the adult parasites.
-The pink ones are rumen fluke.
-These infect the rumen,
-as the name suggests.
-They can pupate
-thousands of larvae every day.
-Again, they're very good
-You've got an example here of what
-the farmer adds to the process.
-Yes, these parasites lay eggs.
-They are spread on the fields
-This is the only way to test
-for rumen fluke in animals.
-According to Rhys Jones...
-..of the farmers
-who contributed to the study...
-had even heard of the disease.
-When the veterinary results
-..61% of the stock tested
-Rhys' tutor is Dr Hefin Williams.
-The story of this parasite
-is one of movement.
-It's been around in France
-for around 20 years.
-They are aware of it in both the
-Irish Republic and Northern Ireland.
-They are increasing their efforts
-into research of the parasite.
-In a way, this project is a part
-of increasing awareness...
-..and the need, in terms of the
-results, to move on in Wales...
-..and the rest of the UK.
-Is there any information
-..about the possible economic
-effects on animals for the farmer?
-Yes, a study has been published
-in the last year.
-It shows that there's an effect
-on the growth of bullocks...
-..in terms of the final weight
-the bullocks reach...
-..and the fat they put on.
-In terms of a comparison to control
-groups clear of rumen fluke...
-..there was a significant
-difference between them.
-Research is at its best
-when it has a practical purpose.
-Dafydd Besent from Penmaen Isa Farm
-in Pennal near Machynlleth...
-..has contributed information
-to this research.
-I'm heading to see him next.
-Were you aware
-of this particular disease already?
-No, not really.
-I'd heard mention of it in passing.
-I didn't think it was a problem.
-What did you have to do practically
-in terms of offering information?
-I had to take faecal samples
-from the cattle.
-I don't remember exactly how many,
-but I think it was about 12 cattle.
-Only cattle or did you do sheep too?
-Only cattle or did you do sheep too?
-I did both, yes.
-Did the result surprise you?
-There was a bit of rumen fluke
-in all of them.
-I'm not sure
-if it was a problem or not.
-It didn't show on the animals.
-Well, as far as you know.
-What instructions did you get then?
-What could you do, practically?
-Because we have dairy cattle...
-is the easiest to use.
-The withdrawal is less.
-I used that
-because it treats it well.
-I'm from an agricultural background.
-I understand the need for research
-and the need for us to improve.
-As a scientist at IBERS, I have a
-chance to help and do the research.
-I hope that a lot of farmers will be
-glad to see the results we've found.
-That's it for this week.
-We'll be back
-at the same time next week.
-Until then, thanks for your company.
-S4C Subtitles by Testun Cyf.
Bydd Meinir yn clywed am droseddwyr sy'n targedu'r diwydiant amaeth. Meinir finds out about criminals who target the agricultural industry and Daloni meets Rheinallt and Caryl Hughes.