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-Hello and a warm welcome to Ffermio.
-On today's programme,
-we take a look at the future.
-First, when you're offered something
-that's too good to be true...
-..most of the time it is.
-We'll hear about
-a group of criminals...
-and take advantage of farmers.
-Also on the programme, Daloni
-visits Llanarmon Dyffryn Ceiriog...
-..to see a family who are building
-for the next generation.
-I like a challenge.
-It's worth getting up
-in the morning for a challenge.
-Alun will be at IBERS,
-..to hear about the latest research
-into stock efficiency.
-I'm from an agricultural background.
-I understand the need
-for research and improvement.
-I have a warning
-for the rural community.
-Groups of criminals are targeting
-farmers offering good money...
-..to store products
-that look similar to silage bales.
-Having said that, it's not
-animal feed but illegal waste...
-..which could prove costly
-for the farmer and the environment.
-Solicitor Aled Owen has been dealing
-with some of the affected farmers.
-There are people out there
-trying to take advantage of farmers.
-If someone gets this material
-on their land...
-..they could be open to prosecution
-by Natural Resources Wales...
-..and possibly local government
-under planning law.
-What attracts the farmers to this?
-The farmers aren't attracted
-by the nature of the material.
-The material is totally illegal.
-They are attracted by the money.
-They are offered
-a generous contract.
-a considerable monthly income...
-..especially in these hard times.
-As a result, they are drawn
-into an illegal situation...
-..often without their knowledge.
-There is a possibility
-of hiding this material...
-..within the agricultural community.
-At first glance, the material
-looks like some kind of haystack.
-Actually, it's illegal material
-that can rot, catch fire...
-..or cause liquid
-to seep out into the ground.
-It can cause problems,
-especially during the summer.
-It's wet now, but in the summer
-as the stacks become warmer...
-..they could ignite...
-..which could cause damage
-and affect many people.
-If a farmer is offered this kind of
-deal, what is your advice to them?
-Basically, say no.
-If they've already taken
-the material onto their land...
-..I'd advise them
-to speak with a solicitor...
-..or to their local
-They can even speak
-with the Environment Agency.
-..Farming Connect held an open day
-in the Cothi Valley.
-The theme of the day was finding
-the best way of finishing lambs.
-Aberbranddu is a 850-acre farm
-in Cwrtycadno near Pumsaint.
-Irwel Jones farms here
-with his father, Eirwyn.
-They keep just over 1,000 sheep
-and 50 cattle.
-The land rises to 1,200 feet.
-Since September, in conjunction
-with Farming Connect...
-..they are conducting an experiment
-into five finishing systems...
-..in order to improve efficiency.
-The experiment has gone quite well.
-We have finished some lambs
-and left others.
-We are looking at the old
-traditional pasture that we have...
-..and new reseeded pasture.
-There's also a rape
-and Italian ryegrass mix...
-..and housed lambs
-fed with concentrates.
-Finally, we have lambs being fed
-concentrates out in the fields.
-We wanted to take a good look...
-..and work out the costs
-for each option.
-We could then decide what system
-is the best way of finishing lambs.
-We also sold some as store lambs.
-We wanted to get a base value.
-Traditionally, farmers would want
-to finish all their lambs.
-It's something we are used to doing.
-It might be better for us to sell
-them on for someone else to finish.
-We can then use that pasture
-to improve our ewes and lambs.
-It will also save us money.
-We had a problem with the rape -
-it didn't work for us this year.
-We'll try it again next year...
-..because you can't take the results
-from just one year.
-didn't fatten many lambs...
-..but on the whole,
-the other results were as expected.
-The new pasture performed best
-and was the cheapest.
-Housed lambs fed with cake
-..but that was
-the most expensive method.
-We came to the conclusion...
-..that using bought-in concentrates
-..is the option of last resort
-and that pasture is best.
-organized the event...
-..with the aim
-of helping farmers in the area.
-This is Irwel's first project...
-..as a demonstration farmer
-with Farming Connect.
-It's a new challenge
-for the family...
-..in addition to their
-everyday work on the farm.
-We're grateful to them.
-We'll also be discussing
-different crops today...
-..and the various ways of managing
-those crops for grazing and so on.
-Irwel is part of
-the Pumsaint discussion group.
-One focus for them is ensuring sheep
-have the correct nutrition...
-..at lambing time.
-As lambing season
-will soon be upon us...
-..we'll be discussing
-the importance of giving sheep...
-..the correct feed
-at the correct time...
-..to ensure their lambs
-get the best start in life.
-We have plenty of information today.
-Irwel has worked closely with
-sheep consultant Lesley Stubbings.
-With lambing season on the horizon,
-what is her advice?
-I think the main message for farmers
-is that this last year, 2016...
-..has been a difficult season.
-If we look at analyses for hay and
-silage, they are extremely variable.
-The first thing
-I would say to farmers...
-get your forage analysed.
-Find out what your forage is worth.
-Maybe it's not as good
-as you thought.
-At least then
-you can get the right supplement.
-If it's better than you thought,
-you'll save yourself money.
-That's the first point.
-Get a diet based on the forage and
-use the forage as far as you can...
-..and keep the body condition
-on your ewes.
-The day has been comprehensive,
-but what do the farmers think?
-It's been a great day.
-It's a great opportunity
-..to learn about various methods
-of finishing lambs.
-We've come to this beautiful area
-to learn about finishing lambs...
-..and how to be aware
-of the different associated costs.
-The clear responses we have been
-given today have been excellent.
-At the end of the day...
-..we discussed feeding the sheep,
-which we'll be doing now.
-That was very good.
-We knew that Irwel was using
-very little concentrate...
-..but that protein levels were high.
-We've been happy
-just to look into it in the past...
-..but now we're ready
-to put it into practice.
-The most important thing
-to take on board...
-..is that farmers should experiment
-on their own farms.
-The results on one farm...
-..won't necessarily be the same
-on another farm.
-Everyone should try and find out the
-best methods to use on their farm.
-It's been a very interesting day.
-The aim was to show the five
-different ways of finishing lambs...
-..selling store lambs
-and four other methods.
-It was very interesting.
-Fair play to Irwel
-for taking on the project.
-He has worked very hard.
-He has done the work and has all
-the information - figures, weights.
-I'm sure everyone
-has benefited from today.
-Farming Connect will hold
-the 2017 Wales Farmers' Forum...
-..on 2 February
-at the Hafod a Hendre building...
-..at the Royal Welsh Showground
-For more information
-and to book a place...
-..visit the Farming Connect website.
-That's all for this part.
-After the break, Daloni visits
-cattle and sheep farmers...
-..in the Ceiriog Valley
-who have started a new venture.
-Don't go away!
-A new year means
-a chance to make a fresh start.
-One family in the Ceiriog Valley
-is doing just that.
-Daloni has the story.
-near Llanarmon Dyffryn Ceiriog...
-..is owned by Rheinallt
-and Liz Hughes...
-..and their children Caryl and Iwan.
-It's a 660 acre farm with
-1,200 sheep and 20 suckler cattle.
-I was born here and I'm the
-fourth generation to farm here.
-Our suckler cattle
-are Limousin crossed with Friesian.
-They take a Belgian Blue bull...
-..and we sell the calves
-at a year old in Oswestry or Ruthin.
-You have plenty of sheep.
-You have plenty of sheep.
-Mostly Welsh Mountain ewes.
-600 of them are exposed
-to Welsh Mountain rams...
-..with the rest given
-a Blue-faced ram.
-Unfortunately, this year...
-..there hasn't been much of a market
-for small Welsh Mountain lambs.
-It's a struggle
-to get even 50 for one.
-But the tourist season
-now lasts the whole year.
-Yes, we've diversified.
-We've turned the two outhouses
-It's a long-term plan.
-We hope it helps the farm
-in the future.
-Caryl will be helping with that.
-Caryl has decided she wants to come
-home to help her father on the farm.
-Iwan is also 22 years old.
-He works two days a week on a farm
-Otherwise he's at home too.
-for the youngsters to go out...
-what else is out there.
-We have to try and open the doors...
-..for these youngsters
-to make their way in the world.
-After studying Agriculture
-at Aberystwyth University...
-..Caryl was the first person
-to win the Llyndy-Isaf Scholarship.
-It's a National Trust Scholarship
-which awards the winner...
-..the chance to run a farm
-in Nant Gwynant for a year.
-Caryl has just agreed to become the
-tenant farmer of a 300 acre farm...
-..near her home
-for the next three years.
-She is looking forward
-to farming at Berllan Helyg.
-You're farming at home
-at the moment, Caryl.
-I've been back for about a year.
-Now I've joined the partnership
-and taking it more serious.
-As a partner, you've been able
-to take on a local tenancy.
-I had come home but, ultimately,
-the farm isn't big enough...
-..to support me,
-my brother and my parents.
-This was a chance for expansion.
-It was a chance to increase
-our land holding and find more work.
-Where are we, exactly?
-This is Berllan Helyg.
-It's four and a half miles
-..down the Ceiriog Valley
-It's a very similar farm
-It's a 300 acre farm.
-You are the tenant farmer here
-since the new year.
-Yes, my name is on the tenancy
-papers for the next three years.
-What are your plans for the place?
-What are your plans for the place?
-I started by buying 500 ewes.
-Older ewes to start with,
-to build a flock at a lower price.
-Welsh Mountain ewes?
-Welsh Mountain ewes?
-Yes, purebred ones.
-They've been given
-a Blue-faced ram...
-..and we're looking
-to build a flock of Mules.
-We'll keep a percentage and sell
-the rest along with the ram lambs.
-You have the support
-of your parents.
-Without them, I couldn't do it.
-The start-up costs of buying those
-500 ewes and monthly rent is huge.
-It's a huge outlay
-in the first year...
-..without a great return initially.
-You've been to New Zealand and
-Norway. Where else have you been?
-I spent a year at Llyndy-Isaf,
-Nant Gwynant, of course.
-It was a great experience,
-if quite similar.
-It was really useful learning
-how to run a farm all on my own.
-I started the scholarship unsure
-whether I wanted to be a farmer.
-I was also thinking about
-other options within agriculture.
-After spending a year doing that,
-I decided that full-time farming...
-..was the future for me
-and that I wanted to come home.
-Are these your new sheep?
-Yes, 500 of them.
-We're checking them all out now.
-They are all older ewes.
-We want to give them all a chance.
-Some of the smaller ones are older.
-They get put to one side
-so we can give them a bit more feed.
-We have to make sure they are in
-good condition at this time of year.
-You're getting to know them.
-This is the second time we've
-brought them in since buying them.
-We're taking a look at them
-after a period on some rich pasture.
-We'll be scanning them
-in about a month's time.
-We want to check
-they are in good order...
-..by checking their teeth
-and their feet.
-Does Rheinallt do as he is told?
-He's not bad.
-He does listen.
-Mum has taught him well to listen
-and I've taken her place now.
-She's pleased, Rheinallt.
-With so many changes afoot
-in the agricultural world...
-..are Caryl and Rheinallt
-confident about the future?
-This chance has come
-at a good time for Caryl.
-Yes. You have to grab it
-because such chances are rare.
-Farms of this size in this area
-don't become available very often.
-It's crucial that young people
-like Caryl and Iwan...
-..are given the opportunity
-to farm the land on these hills.
-We want them here to keep
-Wales looking like this...
-..for the foreseeable future.
-Are you ready for the
-challenges of the future, Caryl?
-I like to wake up in the morning
-with a challenge ahead of me.
-This is quite a challenge to start
-with. I hope I cope with it.
-I'm sure I will, with some support.
-It is a challenge, but a good one,
-and a great opportunity.
-Research has always been
-a crucial part of agriculture.
-It's crucial for moving
-your business forward...
-..helping to streamline and improve
-farming techniques effectively.
-Alun has been
-to Aberystwyth University...
-..to see the recent developments.
-Here at the Institute of Biological,
-Environmental and Rural Sciences...
-..research is being done
-in partnership with YFC Wales...
-..to learn more about rumen fluke.
-It's a parasite
-that affects cattle and sheep.
-The man leading the study
-is Rhys Jones...
-..a postgraduate student
-at the university.
-I've been in Aberystwyth since 2010.
-I did my degree
-in Agriculture and Animal Husbandry.
-I then did my masters degree.
-As part of those courses,
-I'd always enjoyed research.
-As I was finishing my masters...
-..the chance came
-to study this new field.
-Rumen fluke was becoming noteworthy.
-It was a project I thought I'd enjoy
-that might benefit Welsh farmers.
-Tell us about your research process.
-Firstly, the important element
-in rumen fluke's life cycle...
-..and in the life cycle
-of liver fluke is the mud snail.
-This is the fluke's vector
-on the field.
-They're found in wet areas.
-That's why these parasites
-are connected to wet areas and rain.
-They're very small snails.
-They are less than one centimetre
-The eggs hatch
-and infect the snails.
-Within six weeks...
-..one fluke can increase its numbers
-by 500 times in the snail.
-That's what makes this parasite
-such a problem.
-It's very effective for developing
-and increasing their numbers.
-These are the adult parasites.
-The pink ones are rumen fluke.
-These infect the rumen,
-as the name suggests.
-They can pupate
-thousands of larvae every day.
-Again, they're very good
-You've got an example here of what
-the farmer adds to the process.
-Yes, these parasites lay eggs.
-They are spread on the fields
-This is the only way to test
-for rumen fluke in animals.
-According to Rhys Jones...
-..of the farmers
-who contributed to the study...
-had even heard of the disease.
-When the veterinary results
-..61% of the stock tested
-Rhys' tutor is Dr Hefin Williams.
-The story of this parasite
-is one of movement.
-It's been around in France
-for around 20 years.
-They are aware of it in both the
-Irish Republic and Northern Ireland.
-They are increasing their efforts
-into research of the parasite.
-In a way, this project is a part
-of increasing awareness...
-..and the need, in terms of the
-results, to move on in Wales...
-..and the rest of the UK.
-Is there any information
-..about the possible economic
-effects on animals for the farmer?
-Yes, a study has been published
-in the last year.
-It shows that there's an effect
-on the growth of bullocks...
-..in terms of the final weight
-the bullocks reach...
-..and the fat they put on.
-In terms of a comparison to control
-groups clear of rumen fluke...
-..there was a significant
-difference between them.
-Research is at its best
-when it has a practical purpose.
-Dafydd Besent from Penmaen Isa Farm
-in Pennal near Machynlleth...
-..has contributed information
-to this research.
-I'm heading to see him next.
-Were you aware
-of this particular disease already?
-No, not really.
-I'd heard mention of it in passing.
-I didn't think it was a problem.
-What did you have to do practically
-in terms of offering information?
-I had to take faecal samples
-from the cattle.
-I don't remember exactly how many,
-but I think it was about 12 cattle.
-Only cattle or did you do sheep too?
-Only cattle or did you do sheep too?
-I did both, yes.
-Did the result surprise you?
-There was a bit of rumen fluke
-in all of them.
-I'm not sure
-if it was a problem or not.
-It didn't show on the animals.
-Well, as far as you know.
-What instructions did you get then?
-What could you do, practically?
-Because we have dairy cattle...
-is the easiest to use.
-The withdrawal is less.
-I used that
-because it treats it well.
-I'm from an agricultural background.
-I understand the need for research
-and the need for us to improve.
-As a scientist at IBERS, I have a
-chance to help and do the research.
-I hope that a lot of farmers will be
-glad to see the results we've found.
-That's it for this week.
-We'll be back
-at the same time next week.
-Until then, thanks for your company.
-S4C Subtitles by Testun Cyf.